Skip to main content

Full text of "Messenger (1992)"

See other formats

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS members and Sloan Foundation 

*? 9-2.^ 




^A>. ~AM 

War and peace 

Conscientious objection 
becomes a casualty of war 

E r 


If you have been looking closely, you will have detected already 
that there is a new person on our Messenger staff. Her name 
began appearing in the staff box on this page in the Novem- 
ber issue. In the December issue, page 4, her by-line first 
appeared. Also in that issue, page 25, she even appeared in a 
photo of the staff. 

So Suellen Shively is not a rank newcomer to our staff, here 
in the first issue of the new year. She had been 
accepted for the January 1992 Brethren Volunteer 
Service (BVS) orientation unit. Out of the blue, she 
phoned us and inquired whether we needed anyone 
to fill in, as a volunteer, in the fall months preceding 
her orientation. We did, and Suellen joined us in 

She had in mind some other project for her BVS 
year, so it was arranged that her time with us would 
be through Program Volunteer Service. As we 
hoped, before Suellen's time with us was over, she 
had decided that MESSENGER was the BVS project of 
her choice. So, when her BVS orientation is com- 
pleted later this month, she will return to serve with 
us throughout 1992. 

Suellen is from North Manchester, Ind., and a member of the 
Manchester Church of the Brethren. She graduated from 
Hanover (Ind.) College last spring. 

Program Volunteer Service is a great way to serve for those 
who can commit themselves to only a short stint, or otherwise 
find it impractical to enter BVS. Almost any arrangement can be 
worked out. For details on Program Volunteer Service, call 
(800) 323-8039 and ask for Ned or Mary Stowe, the directors. 
There are all sorts of opportunities just waiting for you. 

Snellen Shively 

COMING NEXT MONTH: An early preview of the Richmond 
Annual Conference and an article about moderator Phyllis 
Carter, by Frank Ramirez. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Caylord, Suellen Shively 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast. Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast. Ruby Raymer: Illinois/Wiscon* 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana. Leoi 
Holderread; Michigan. Marie Willoughby 
Mid-Atlantic, Ann Fouts; Missouri. Mary 
Greim; Southern Missouri/Arkansas, Mai. 
McGowan; Northern Plains. Pauline Florj 
Northern Ohio. Sherry Sampson; Souther 
Ohio. Shirley Petry; Oregon/Washington. 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Southwe; 
Randy Miller; Middle Pennsylvania, Pegg 
Over; Southern Pennsylvania. Elmer Q. 
Gleim; Western Pennsylvania. Jay Christr 
Shenandoah. Jerry Brunk; Virlina. Mike ' 
Gilmore; Western Plains, Dean Hummer; 
West Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 


Messenger is the official publication of th 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as secom 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918. under Act of 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, Nt 
1 , 1 984. Messenger is a 
member of the Associated 
Church Press and a subscribe 
to Religious News Service ar 
Ecumenical Press Service. 
Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individual , 
rate, $10.50 church group plan, $10.50 gi 
subscriptions. Student rate 75e an issue. I. 
you move, clip address label and send wi 1 .' 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, ■ 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. Allci( 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Con 
mission. Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgii 
III., and at additional mailing office, Janu 
1992. Copyright 1992. Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-035 

POSTMASTER: Send address change * 
Messenger. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL ' 


In Touch 2 
Close to Home 4 
News 6 

Special Report 10 
Stepping Stones 30 
Letters 32 
Pontius' Puddle 32 
Turning Points 35 
Editorial 36 


Cover. 1, 

15: Hands Off! 

3 right: Manchester College 

4 left: Mel Lehman 
4 right: Tim Bock 

|7, 22: Kermon Thomasson 
8: Global Women's Project 
li(9 bottom: Robert Trendler 
10 top, bottom left: Courier-News 

photos by Scott Savel 
1 bottom right: Courier-News photo by 

Marcia Rules 
11, 14: Brethren Historical Library and 

12: art by Richard Keyes 
5 19: Florida Times-Union 
2 1 : art by Tom Peterson 

BVS: The next generation 12 

Karla Boyers looks at the booming Brethren Volunteer 
Service program as its 200th unit heads for orientation. 
Sidebars by Cheryl Cayford. 

Coercion of conscience 1 5 

For military personnel who objected to the Persian Gulf war, 
the way to justice has been thwarted by the Pentagon. Story 
by Naomi Thiers. Sidebars by Cheryl Cayford and David 

Let freedom ring 2 1 

Brethren are urged to celebrate the vision of Martin Luther 
King Jr. on his January 15 birthday. 

By the manner of his living 22 

Kermon Thomasson pays tribute to one of his predecessors as 
editor — Desmond W. Bittinger. 

What do you believe about Jesus? 23 

Earle W. Fike Jr. reflects on the result of a Messenger 
survey. In a sidebar. Bob Bowman questions the relevance of 
such a survey. 

The gulf war ended a year ago. but Marines 
attempting to get conscientious objector status 
are still being held at Camp Lejeune, in North 
Carolina. The right to be a CO appears to be 
a casualty of the war. Story on page 15. 

January 1992 Messenger 1 

A song in his heart 

George Schricker, a singer, 
songwriter, and storyteller, 
enjoys leading in services at 
the Plymouth (Ind.) Church 
of the Brethren. In July, 
George organized a vesper 
service utilizing his knowl- 
edge of Native American 
customs, as well as his sing- 

Storyteller George Schricker wants his juvenile audiences to 
know that "it's okay to be different." His stories emphasize 
that "creativity is God's gift of life and healing for all of us." 

ing and songwriting skills. 

George's wife, Michele, 
and 4-year-old son, Ezra, 
also have assisted with 
children's stories and Bible 
school at the Plymouth 

The Schrickers have been 
attending the Church of the 
Brethren for nearly two years. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to ' 'In 
Touch." Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

George says that they are 
grateful that the church so 
openly has allowed them to 
use their talents. George and 
Michele also have found 
themselves attracted by 
Brethren beliefs. 

"Simple living is important 
to us, and simplicity is in the 
heritage of the Brethren," ex- 
plains George. "You don't 
have time to allow the Spirit 
into your life if you are too 
caught up in materialism." 

George hopes to convey 
this idea through his story- 
telling and singing. In 
addition to his many live 
performances for children 
and families, George and 
Michele's company, Heart/ 
Mind Productions, has pro- 
duced three cassette tapes: 
Don't Let Them Take Y out- 
Brain Away, Fly Without 
Wings, and With Child. 

Don't Let Them Take Your 
Brain Away deals with the 
negative messages that 
children receive from 

"Television, especially 
commercials, can make 
children feel as if they aren't 
worth anything if they don't 
have certain material ob- 
jects," explains George. 

One of the main focuses of 
Heart/Mind Productions is to 
encourage the creative pro- 
cesses of children. This 
theme is brought out in With 

"I really try to emphasize 
the Bible idea 'Don't hide 
your light under a bushel.' I 
want kids to know that it's 
okay to be different," said 
George. "I believe that 
creativity is God's gift of life 
and healing for all of us." 


Going home again 

Although Janeen Aletta 
Sarlin left her Schrock 
family farm in southern 
Minnesota years ago, her 
recently published cook 
book, Food from an Ameri- 
can Farm: Three Generations 
of Family Recipe Secrets 
(Simon & Schuster, $24.95), 
reveals a deep pride in her 
family's farming roots. 

Janeen has been catering 
and teaching cooking classes 
in New York City for the past 
1 8 years, and she often told 
stories of her family recipes 
to her students. The students 
were so inspired by these 
anecdotes that they urged her 
to write a cook book that 
would tell the stories of 
Grams, Mom, Aunt Rubye, 
and Aunt Bets. 

"In my writing seminars, 
I was advised to discover 
what was unique about me," 
explains Janeen. "It was 
obvious to me that I should 
write about my heritage." 

Food from an American 
Farm not only is a tribute to 
farm life; it also presents 
Janeen 's memories of 
growing up in the Root River 
Church of the Brethren, near 
Preston, Minn. The book in- 
cludes recipes such as CBYF 
Barbecued Beef Buns and 
Ladies Aid Pressed Chicken, 
each complete with a descrip- 
tion of the organizations and 
the events at which the foods 
were used. 

"Fifty percent or more of 
the book is devoted to recipes 
of the Church of the Breth- 
ren," says Janeen. "You 
see, the church was the center 
of our community." Some 
recipes from traditional 

2 Messenger January 1992 

Brethren cook books, such as 
Inglenook Cook Book and 
Granddaughter' s Inglenook 
Cook Book, are included in 
her collection as well. 
"Life doesn't exist as it did 

when I was growing up," 
reflects Janeen. "This book is 
really a love letter to my 
family, remembering those 
days." — Suellen Shively 

Tommy has a dream 

Last spring 18-year-old 
Tommy Cook was licensed 
to the ministry by the Briery 
Branch Church of the 
Brethren, near Dayton, Va. 
His church did this knowing 
that Tommy will never be a 
typical minister. Tommy has 
been deaf since birth. 

That licensing was just 
one step on the long journey 
toward realizing his dream — 
to found a Church of the 
Brethren congregation for 
the deaf in his community. 
The next steps are his final 
year of high school, four 
years of college, and then 

"Tell all the deaf people," 
says Tommy, "that I am 

going to start a church in the 
middle of Rockingham 
County for them." The 
determination in his voice 
reflects the years of overcom- 
ing obstacles. 

Hearing aids increase 
Tommy's minimal hearing, 
but he must read lips and 
frequently looks to his 
interpreter for assistance. 
When he was two, his mother 
enrolled him in a special 
education program at nearby 
James Madison University. 
"The county didn't have a 
program then," she explains. 

After a few years at JMU, 
Tommy entered a special 
education program. By sixth 
grade he attended regular 
school. After a course at the 
Virginia School for the Deaf, 
in Staunton, Tommy entered 
high school. In addition to 
school, he joined the local 
rescue squad and completed 
CPR training. 

Finding a college won't be 
easy. "There is no program 
for the deaf (in regular 
colleges)," Tommy says. 
"They have nothing." 

He would like to start such 
a program in a Brethren 
college or the denomination's 
seminary. "I know of many 
deaf people who want to 
become pastors," says 
Tommy to substantiate his 
determined dream. 

There are two Church of 
the Brethren congregations 
that have "sub-congrega- 
tions" for the deaf — Calvary 
congregation, near Winches- 
ter, Va., and Frederick (Md.). 
Tommy participates in a deaf 
group that meets in a nearby 
United Methodist church. 
Still Tommy occasionally 
gets frustrated with the lack 

of programs for the deaf. 
He intends someday to 
change all that. 

Names in the news 

Hal Forney, of San Diego 
(Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren, led an orthopedic 
surgery team to Diyana, Iraq, 
for a three-week stint in 
November. The team worked 
alongside Kurdish doctors. 
• Robert E. Martin, of 
Heatherdowns Church of the 
Brethren, Toledo, Ohio, has 

been appointed to the 1992 
Education Committee of the 
National Council of Architec- 
tural Registration Boards 
(NCARB). He is a watercolor 
artist as well as an architect. 

• Kenneth W. Hollinger, 
of West Goshen Church of 
the Brethren, Goshen, Ind., 
has served 60 years as a 
minister. He was called to the 
ministry by the Beech Grove 
congregation, in Hollansburg, 
Ohio, November 28, 1931. 

• Mike Pettibone, of 
Plymouth (Ind.) Church of 
the Brethren, was one of 59 
school principals named a 
National Distinguished 
Principal by US Education 
Secretary Lamar Alexander 

and Samuel G. Sava, execu- 
tive director of the National 
Association of Elementary 
School Principals (NAESP). 

• Don Frederick, of 
McPherson (Kan.) Church of 
the Brethren, will retire in 
May from his post as director 
of the church's senior choir, 
after a 40-year stint. 

• Marty, Carol, and Jared 
Ward, of Newton (Kan.) 
Church of the Brethren, were 
selected Kansas Tennis 
Family of the Year. Marty 
coaches tennis at Bethel 

• Donna and Randy 
Handly, of Topeka (Kan.) 
Church of the Brethren, were 
recognized by the Great 
Plains Gospel Singing 
Association, Blackwell, 
Okla.. as the number one 
gospel singing couple who 
have excelled in their 
ministry during the past year. 
The couple have been singing 
professionally since 1985. 

• William Eberly, of 
Manchester Church of the 
Brethren, North Manchester, 
Ind., and professor of biology 

at Manchester College, re- 
ceived the Howard Michaud 
Award from the Environmen- 
tal Education Association of 
Indiana, Inc. Bill has taught 
at Manchester since 1955. 

January 1992 Messenger 3 

Close to 

A big money-maker 

More than S3 10.000 was 
raised at the 15th Annual 
Brethren Disaster Relief 
Auction in September. The 
two-day event raises money 
for disaster relief and is spon- 

Lydia Walker, national director of Cooperative Disaster Child 
Care, praises the work of a budding artist, in the child care 
tent at the Brethren Disaster Relief Auction in Lebanon. Pa. 

sored by Atlantic Northeast 
and Southern Pennsylvania 

A heifer auction brought 
in nearly S67.000. Other 
large-sale items included an 
autographed Phillies base- 
ball (S275). replicas of a one- 
horse sleigh (S975), a Cones- 
toga wagon (S1.300J, a Reber 
wagon (SI. 700). and a three- 
dimensional painting by 
AbnerZook (SI 0,000). 

A detailed wooden-frame 
barn bank, made by 1 5-year- 
old Nelson Bollinger, brought 
$3,100, and 109 quilts and 
wall hangings were sold for 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos thlack and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home.' Messf.sger. 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 


About 10.000 people came 
to the auction, which in- 
cluded displays by 70 craft 
vendors and the sale of home- 
grown produce and home- 
made food. Food prepared by 
the Philadelphia First Korean 
congregation brought S945. 

Marching to Zion 

Having outgrown its church 
building. Peoria (111.) First 
Church of the Brethren 
moved in October to a bigger 
building, at 4617 North 
Sheridan Road in Peoria. To 
mark the move, the congrega- 
tion planned a "Marching to 
Zion" sen ice. beginning a 
Sunday service at the old 
church and ending at the new. 
An oak seedling transplanted 
from the old site will main- 
tain a physical tie between 
old and new. reported pastor 
Christopher Bowman. 

Excuse me, Uncle Sam 

Shenandoah District's 

associate executive. Larry 
Glick. and four Brethren 
Volunteer Service representa- 

tives^ — Susan Martindale. 
Richard Over. Karen Sho- 
walter. and Teresa Townsend 
— have developed counter- 
recruitment materials for 
distribution to area high 
schools. BVS information 
and a BVS video go to 
guidance counselors in the 
schools. The idea is to pro- 
vide an alternative to military 
recruiters and to promote 
BVS in the district. 

This and that 

The 43rd Annual Penn- 
sylvania, Maryland, and 
Virginia Civilian Public 
Service Reunion was held in 
September at the New Wind- 
sor (Md.) Service Center. 
Church of the Brethren 
Washington representative 
Tim McElwee was the 
featured speaker. 

• Pinecrest Manor 
retirement home, in Mount 
Morris. 111., will celebrate its 
centennial in 1993. But right 
now it is looking for histori- 
cal material (photos, letters, 
stories) to include in a 
commemorative book. 
Contact Vernon Showalter, 
414 S. McKendrie, Mount 
Morris, IL 61054. 

Former BVSers 
Teresa Townsend, of 
Timberxille. Va., 
and Karen Showal- 
ter. of Harrison- 
burg. Va., helped 
develop counter- 
recruitment materi- 
als for use by high 
school guidance 
counselors in Shen- 
andoah District. 

4 Messenger January 1992 

Campus Comments 

Elizabethtown College 

students have developed a 
tape of radio spots promoting 
BVS. to be aired on the 
campus radio station. The 
spots are designed to counter 
the efforts of military 
recruiters. (See "Excuse Me. 
Uncle Sam." above.) 

• Kites flew October 13 at 
Bridgewater College and 
Manchester College. The 


event \\ as part of the sixth 
annual "One Sky. One World 
International Kite Fly for 

• University of La Verne 
students will receive no 
yearbook in 1992. The 
problem is money. Said dean 
of student services Len 
Hightower. "There are no 
resources to pull it off. To 
produce a quality yearbook. 
S40.000 to S50.000 is 

• Juniata College is 
learning that calling its sports 
team "Indians." and display- 
ing banners that read "Scalp 
'em. Indians!" is offensive to 
America's native people. In 
September. Native American 
Bill Miller presented a lecture 
at Juniata on "Image Abuse 
Via Media and Myth." 
calculated to enlighten 
students, faculty, and 

• The University of La 
Verne's Woody Hall now 
qualifies for the California 
Historical Building Code, 
allowing the school to add 
access for disabled people to 
the building without making 
architectural changes to the 
front of the building. The 
Mediterranean-style building, 
erected in 1948. houses 
university offices. 

• Roscoe C. Hinkle. an 
authority on social theory, 
lectured at Elizabethtown 
College November 1 8 on 
"Brethren Beliefs and Values: 
Young Adults 50 Years 
Ago." He described the social 
world of the Brethren in 1941 
and the social changes that 
have occurred in the denomi- 
nation since then. (A full 
report on the lecture and 
Roscoe Hinkle s research will 
appear in the February 

• Juniata College 's Andy 
Murray, director of the Baker 
Institute of Peace and 
Conflict Studies, was at the 
United Nations headquarters' 
in September, chairing a 
session of the International 
Association of University 
Presidents/United Nations 
Commission on Arms 
Control. "The commission's 
charge." said Andy, "is to 
encourage the teaching of 
arms control and disarma- 
ment in colleges and univer- 
sities around the world." 

• The University of La 
Verne has a new club on 
campus, the Gay. Lesbian 
and Bisexual Student Union. 
Still in the developmental 
stage, the group's goal is "to 
create a place for people with 
sexual identity issues to get 
together and talk." according 

to junior Gregory Thomas, 
the club's founder. 

• Manchester College 
hosted a Church Leader's 
Conference in October, 
featuring Eugene Roop. 
professor of biblical studies 
at Bethany Seminary. 

• The University of La 
Verne's newly remodeled 
Miller Hall suffered S70.000 
in damage in September 
when a plumbing failure 
flooded the 75-year-old 
building. Classes and office 
operations were disrupted for 
the next few weeks. 

• Manchester College and 
Manchester Church of the 
Brethren will co-sponsor a 
"Church as Peacemaker" con- 
ference March 8—9. The fea- 
tured speaker will be retired 
Lt. Col. Robert Bowman, of 
Washington. D.C. 

Lets celebrate 

Paradise (Calif.) Commu- 
nity Church of the Brethren 
celebrated its 50th anniver- 
sary October 27. Lila 
MeCray. a former India 
missionary, was the guest 

• Detroit First Church of 
the Brethren. Harper Woods. 
Mich., marked its 75th 
anniversary with a special 
sen ice October 6. Former 
pastor Lloyd Stauffer was the 
guest speaker. 

• Sebring (Fla.) Church of 
the Brethren has kicked off a 
year of celebration to mark its 
75th anniversary. The first 
event was homecoming 
December 7—8. The year will 
conclude with the January 
1993 Bible Conference, held 

annually at Sebring. 

• Mansfield lOhioi Church 
of the Brethren celebrated its 
65th anniversary throughout 
1991. including an August 
reception to mark pastor 

Mansfield pastor Clyde Fry 
and his wife. Elsie, pose in 
front of their church's new- 
sign board. 

Clyde Fry's 25 years at 

• Pleasant Dale Church of 
the Brethren, near Fincastle. 
Ya.. turned 75 years old 
September 8. Homecoming 
was held along with the 
anniversary celebration. 

• Olean Church of the 
Brethren. Goldbond. Ya.. 
marked its 75th anniversary 
September 29. with former 
pastors speaking, and the 
congregration singing gospel 

• Canaan Church of the 
Brethren. Gibbon Glade. Pa- 
marked its 50th anni\ersar> 
October 27 with Western 
Pennsylvania District 
executive Ron Beachley 
speaking at the morning 
sen ice. 

• Osage Church of the 
Brethren. McCune. Kan., 
celebrated its 113-year 
history with a Homecoming 
Da\ e\ ent November 24. 


January 1*)2 Messenaer 5 

Seminary trustees affirm 
decision to move Bethany 

The trustees of Bethany Seminary have 
reaffirmed a decision to move the school 
from Oak Brook, 111., and are continuing 
to work on a move to the campus of 
Earlham School of Religion (ESR), at 
Earlham College in Richmond, Ind. 

The move is planned for 1 993 or as 
soon thereafter as possible. In order to be 
"firm in our decision and open to contin- 
ued leading," the trustees at a November 
8-10 meeting asked Bethany's adminis- 
tration to continue to study all options 
for the seminary. The administration was 
also instructed to evaluate selling the 
present campus, evaluate the costs of a 
move to ESR, and estimate the expenses 
of running the school in Richmond. 

The board had received and discussed 
several letters from Brethren objecting to 
a move to ESR and giving suggestions of 
other options, including moving to one 
of the Brethren-affiliated colleges. The 
issue was among several raised during 
discussion at the meeting. 

Other questions included the relation- 
ship between Bethany's governing struc- 
ture and that of ESR, which is affiliated 
with the Friends (or Quakers) and uses a 
consensus process in decision-making. 
Bethany plans to keep its own president, 
dean, and board of trustees. 

Trustees were also concerned about 
the economic health of the Richmond 
area, the possibilities for student and 
spouse employment, what facilities 
Bethany would have to build at ESR, 
how to move and house Bethany's li- 
brary, and how to balance the two insti- 
tutions' scholarship offerings. 

ESR's dean, Andy Grannell, gave the 
board an introduction to ESR and the 
Friends community, which he said 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church of the Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does nor 
necessarily represent the opinions of MESSENGER or 
the Church of the Brethren. 

ranges from liberal to evangelical and 
conservative. "We are indeed serious, 
and we are very intentional and very 
very hopeful" about the move, he said. 

Grannell listed several advantages to 
ESR in an affiliation with Bethany, in- 
cluding a greater variety of faculty and 
curriculum, the strength of two peace 
churches working together, cooperation 
between two schools that emphasize 
community, and the gain of new global 

Bethany's president, Wayne Miller, 
has met with Earlham's president and 
with its trustees. The schools have set up 
an affiliation committee, which met in 
October and will meet next in late Janu- 
ary. The two faculties also met Decem- 
ber 12-14 at ESR. 

Nigerian Brethren killed, 
church burned in riots 

As many as three members of the 
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria 
(Ekklesiyar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria — EYN) 
were among hundreds killed in religious 
riots in October. 
During riots in the strongly Muslim 


COB ACE (Church of the Brethren Asso- 
ciation of Christian Educators) Con- 
ference: "Joyful Teaching. Joyful Learn- 
ing" at Camp Mack near Milford, Ind., 
March 20-22 [contact Cheryl Peterson. 
(219) 744-6584]. 

Bike Trip to Annual Conference in Rich- 
mond, Va., from New Windsor. Md.. 
June 13-30 [contact the On Earth Peace 
Assembly office, (410) 635-8704]. 

1992 Evangelism Leaders Academies (re- 
placing dates previously advertised) at 
Warner Pacific College. Portland, Ore., 
June 15-18; Manchester College, N. Man- 
chester. Ind., July 13-16; Warner South- 
em College, Lake Wales, Fla., July 20- 
23; University of La Verne, La Verne, 
Calif., July 27-30; Bethel College, N. 
Newton, Kan., August 3-6; Eastern Men- 
nonite College, Harrisonburg, Va, August 
10-13 [contact Paul Mundey, (800) 323- 

Scholars say the Brethren 
'sold out to the world' 

The title of the conference, itself, 
constituted a foregone conclusion: 
"Brethren in Transition." For scholars 
who participated in the October 3-5 
meeting at Bridgewater (Va.) Col- 
lege, the task remained to note trends 
and implications of this between- 
times for the Church of the Brethren. 

Speaker after speaker was in gen- 
eral agreement on how the Brethren 
got where they are: The Brethren sold 
out to the world. As Bridgewater Col- 
lege's Carl Bowman put it, the Breth- 
ren have rewritten their earlier beliefs 
to reflect acceptance of the world. 

Harold S. Martin, editor of the 
Brethren Revival Fellowship's BRF 
Witness, named several Brethren fail- 
ings, including "a proneness to regard 
sin and salvation as social, rather than 
personal" and "an erosion of confi- 
dence in the entire New Testament as 
applicable for the church today." 

city of Kano, a temporary EYN church 
building and the pastor's house were 
burned. The pastor and his wife escaped 

The rioting was sparked by plans for a! 
Christian evangelism campaign by Ger- 
man evangelist Reinhart Bonke. But the 
Incident moved beyond religious issues 
as ethnic hostilities emerged. General 
Board staff reported. 

"Kano was set on fire in all directions, 
October 14-15," wrote Hussain Tarfa, ani 
EYN member. "Businesses, banks, and 
filling stations were burned. Churches 
were burned also, including our new 
EYN church, which was the first to go. 
Since then, we have been worshiping 
just on the open ground." 

Many people were "slaughtered and 
thrown into wells," Tarfa wrote. "From 
one well, 38 bodies were recovered. . . . 
Security was not available to contain the 
burning and killing until later, when po- 
lice armed only with tear gas joined. By 
then it was too late. 

"The Muslims tried to force open the 

6 Messenger January 1992 

Pastor Karen S. Carter and Annual Conference moderator Phyllis N. Carter were 
among participants at a "Brethren in Transition" conference held October 3-5. 

The University of La Verne's Vernard 
Eller scored what he sees as an evange- 
lism emphasis on numbers and growth as 
a sign of accommodation to the world. 
'Tailoring the church to what its mem- 
bers like is wrong," he said. " 'The cus- 
tomer is always right' is not applicable 
in evangelism." 

Virtually every speaker held out hope 

for the Brethren to right their course. 
Dale R. Stoffer, of Ashland Theological 
Seminary, ended his presentation by stat- 
ing, "The Brethren have a past heritage 
that is worthy of emulation, but if we are 
to have a future, we must be willing to 
find ways to pass it on through contem- 
porary forms that faithfully present 
God's Word in its purity and power." 

Stoffer was one of several scholars 
from Brethren bodies besides the 
Church of the Brethren. Quakers and 
Mennonites also participated. 

If, as some speakers attested, the 
Brethren are passing away, Melanie 
May, of Bethany Theological Sem- 
inary and Garrett Evangelical Theol- 
ogical Seminary, perceived a ray of 
hope — that the Brethren are "passing 
away so God's new creation in Christ 
can come to be more fully." She 
ended her presentation with the pray- 
er "that we may ... be a witness to 
the living God who comes to dwell 
anew among all the people who in- 
habit this earth." 

The conference was planned by 
Emmert Bittinger, Carl Bowman. 
Steve Longenecker, David Metzler, 
and Robbie Miller, of the Bridge- 
water College faculty and staff. The 
committee has tentative plans for 
publishing the conference presenta- 
tions in book form later this year. 
— Kermon Thomasson 

gate to my compound, in which there are 
(three flats, occupied by me, an Ibo man, 
ind a Yoruba man. We are all Chris- 
ians. All of us and our families were 
locked up inside, but God saved us. A 
good Samaritan, a Muslim Hausa who 
inew me, told the attackers that we in 
he compound were not arna (pagan)." 

The Kano riot was the second such 
ncident in Nigeria in the year. Earlier, 
is many as 300 people were killed 
Following Christian-Muslim violence 
n Bauchi State, where there is a large 
EYN population, but no EYN churches 
ivere affected. 

Military aid to El Salvador 
scheduled to continue 

!M1 designated military aid for 1991 and 
)ther aid in the "pipeline" apparently 
will be sent to El Salvador, according to 
Xep. Joseph Moakley (D-Mass.) 
I After Congress did not consider prom- 

ised action to cut military aid to El Sal- 
vador in September, Moakley met 
with about 25 people from non-govern- 
mental organizations. Moakley is 
chairman of a task force appointed to 
investigate the murders of six Jesuit 
priests and their two housekeepers in El 
Salvador in 1989. 

A Salvadoran colonel and a lieutenant 
were convicted in late September in the 
Jesuits' case, but seven other soldiers 
who had confessed to the crimes were 
acquitted. Observers from human rights 
organizations and religious leaders have 
found the verdict disappointing. 

The Church of the Brethren Washing- 
ton Office asks Brethren to pray that a 
peace settlement will be agreed upon by 
the Salvadoran government and the rebel 
forces of the FMLN (Farabundo Marti 
National Liberation Front), which have 
been holding peace talks under United 
Nations sponsorship. 

The Washington Office also urges 
Brethren to contact their representatives 
in Congress to support the strongest pos- 

sible restrictions on military aid to El 
Salvador. The next votes on foreign aid 
are expected in February or March. 

Retreat produces ideas 
for Brethren Press 

Brethren Press engaged 24 people in an 
"envisioning" retreat in September. 
General Board staff and representative 
Brethren from across the denomination 
brainstormed ideas to make Brethren 
Press a resource center for the church. 
A handful of key projects have been 
selected from the dozens of ideas pro- 
duced, including a marketing strategy 
geared toward the Brethren market; an 
emphasis on quality telephone service; a 
network of mobile educational resource 
centers; and publishing materials on the 
Bible, social issues, witness, heritage, 
and evangelism. In particular, the retreat 
identified needs for materials for chil- 
dren and increased production of videos. 

January 1992 Messenger 7 

Global Women's Project aids 
women in the Philippines 

The presence of the US military bases 
in the Philippines has created a de- 
mand for prostitutes as well as an ec- 
onomic stronghold in the area, which 
has forced many young women and 
girls into prostitution, according to 
the Global Women's Project, a proj- 
ect of the Church of the Brethren 
General Board. In response to this sit- 
uation, the Global Women's Project 
has just completed a three-year com- 
mitment to three programs assisting 
women in the Philippines. 

SELDA, the Society of Ex-detain- 
ees for Liberation Against Detention 
and for Amnesty, works with women 
on the island of Mindanao who have 
been arrested and held indefinitely 
without charges or trial. 

Buklod Center assists prostitutes 
who work in Olongapo near the US 
Naval Base at Subic Bay. The center 
works in the areas of women's rights, 
health, retraining for other employ- 
ment, counseling and support, and 
provides a witness against militarism. 

The third program. Women's 

World Banking, helps poor women 
obtain loans to start small busi- 
nesses. A grant from the Global 
Women's Project helped fund an 
affiliate of Women's World Banking 
in the Philippines. 

Currently, the Global Women's 
Project is seeking two Brethren Vol- 
unteer Service placements in the Phil- 
ippines. A disaster coordinator is 
needed to assist with the cleanup of 
the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo. Buklod 
Center would like to have a female 
BVSer to assist prostitutes in finding 
alternative employment. 

"The Philippines has been inundat- 
ed with one economic tragedy after 
another — the storms, Mt. Pinatubo's 
eruption, and now the withdrawal of 
the US bases," said Judith Kipp, 
Global Women's Project administra- 
tor. Church leaders have supported 
the withdrawal, and Kipp said after 
the US military has abandoned the 
bases, it will be important to convert 
them into something useful for the 
Filipinos, as well as redirect the many 
area businesses that are dependent on 
the military for economic support. 


The Society of Ex-detainees for Liberation Against Detention and for Amnesty- 
helps train women for future employment through the Global Women's Project. 

Conference theme, speakers 
selected for Richmond 

"Forward . . . Seeking the Mind of 
Christ" is the theme for this year's 
Annual Conference, June 30-July 5 in 
Richmond, Va. 

The Program and Arrangements Com- 
mittee (formerly Central Committee) has 
named speakers for worship services 
— moderator Phyllis Carter; Kreston 
Lipscomb, pastor of the Springfield (111.) 
church; staff for evangelism Paul Mun- 
dey; Cynthia Hale, pastor of the Ray of 
Hope Christian Church (Disciples of 
Christ) in Decatur, Ga., and a speaker at | 
Evangelism Leaders Academies; and 
Earle W. Fike Jr., pastor of Stone church I 
in Huntingdon, Pa. Winners of a youth 
speech-writing contest will give the 
message Saturday. 

Registration fees go up this year, re- 
flecting a continuing Conference deficit. I 
Registration for delegates will be $105. 
Business sessions, worship services, ex 
hibits, and age activities will be at the 
Richmond Coliseum and the Richmond I 
Center, with some events at hotels. In- ' 
formation packets will be available from 
the Conference office after March 1 . 

VISN network includes 
Brethren programing 

Brethren in Canton, Ohio, as well as 
many other cities around the US, are 
now able to view Brethren productions 
on cable television's Vision Interfaith 
Satellite Network (VISN), a 24-hour na- 
tional cable network. 

Four programs each year broadcast 
Brethren productions, such as the new 
"Mission in Christ's Way" video and the' 
1991 Annual Conference wrap-up. The 
segments are aired under VISN's "One 
in the Spirit" series, which depicts do- 
mestic and overseas ministries for a 
consortium of nine Protestant producers 
including the Church of the Brethren. 

The network's format — including doc- 
umentaries, talkshows, worship services, 
music, dramas, and children's program- 
ing — aims to enrich the "faith, spiritual- 

8 Messenger January 1992 

ty, and values" of its viewers. 

Students in over 2,000 schools have 
ccess to VISN's Cable in the Class- 
Dom, which emphasizes values and 
thics-oriented themes and promotes 
nought and discussion. Cable networks 
■rovide this commercial-free program- 
ig at no cost. 

VISN is considering adding Muslim 
articipation, according to Howard 
oyer, the Church of the Brethren 
ontact with VISN. It currently includes 
rotestant. Catholic, Jewish, and Eastern 
irthodox faith traditions. 

VISN is available on over 670 cable 
/stems nationwide. In areas where 
ISN is not yet available, persons may 
iquire on behalf of the network with 
leir local cable system. 

eacemaker group receives 
upport for direct action 

V year ago we never thought we could 
11 for a response of 2,000 people in a 
itical situation to prevent war," said 
liff Kindy, a Brethren member of the 

I ill hristian Peacemaker Teams steering 
>mmittee. "But after the . . . past year it 
ems possible." 
There is a great deal of support for 
lergency teams and the nonviolent di- 

;efi ct action advocated by CPT," said Bob 
ull, chairman of the Mennonite and 

da "ethren peacemaking organization. 
Since August 1990, CPT has sent 
arkers to help in a Native American 
isis in Quebec and has fielded two in- 

Palestinian doctors 

from the Galilee Society in 
Rama, Israel, were- accom- 
panied on an international 
tour by Brethren Volunteer 
Service worker Rita Mc- 
Gaughey (center). Galilee 
Society chairman Hatim 
Kanaaneh (left) and Aahud 
Rinaw are among health 
workers who serve 44 Pales- 
tinian villages not recog- 
nized by Israel. 

ternational teams — to Iraq (see Febru- 
ary, page 6) and to Israel and the 
Occupied Territories (August/Septem- 
ber, page 8). CPT also responded to the 
gulf war, initiating an Oil-Free Sabbath 
and Emergency Sabbath. 

In September the CPT steering com- 
mittee discussed developing a reserve of 
trained peacemakers to be called upon 
for special actions and in emergencies. 
The group also endorsed a proposal for 
an Anabaptist Peacemakers Congress. 

Brethren give $34,400 
for disasters and relief 

An Emergency Disaster Fund grant of 
$10,000 has been given in response to 
flash floods in Cambodia that left 
150,000 people homeless. The money 
will assist with problems created by the 
destruction of irrigation structures and 
the newly planted rice crop. 

Other grants from the Emergency Dis- 
aster Fund include $7,500 for refugees in 
Hungary and Yugoslavia; $3,000 for 
supplies to Eritrea; $2,500 following 
floods in Romania; $2,500 for relief to 
victims of an earthquake in India; $1,000 
for expenses related to Hurricane Bob; 
and an additional $400 to help repatriate 
Haitian Brethren. 

A grant of $10,000 has been given 
from the Global Food Crisis Fund to the 
Emanuel Baptist Church in El Salvador. 
The grant will support a cooperative 
women's corn mill and vegetable gar- 
den, a bakery, and leadership training. 

Long-term care insurance 
in use at retirement homes 

A Long Term Care Insurance Program is 
now in use at 28 Brethren and Menno- 
nite retirement communities. Six other 
communities are evaluating the program, 
offered by the Association of Brethren 
and Mennonite Older Adult Ministries. 

The program places counselors on re- 
tirement community campuses to work 
with residents on their long-term care 
and Medicare supplement insurance 
needs. Employer-sponsored group long- 
term care insurance is also available. 

Since beginning the program, applica- 
tions for long-term care and Medicare 
supplemental insurance have been writ- 
ten for 1,132 people. — Elizabeth 

Annual Conference manager 
announces retirement 

Doris I. Lasley has announced plans to 
retire later this year after serving as An- 
nual Conference manager and executive 
of the Annual Conference Program and 
Arrangements (Central) Committee for 
the past eight 
years. She pre- 
viously worked for 
the Church of the 
Brethren for nine 
years as assistant 
to the general 
secretary of the 
General Board. 

Do/75 /. Lasley 

New phone number installed 
for Brethren Press customers 

A new 800 line— (800) 441-3712— has 
been installed at the Church of the 
Brethren General Offices in Elgin, 111., 
connecting directly with Brethren Press 
customer service representatives. The 
new number will allow for better service 
to Brethren Press customers and will not 
replace the General Board's 800 number. 
(800) 323-8039. 

January 1992 Messenger 9 

A fierce blaze gutted the old Brethren Publishing House on the 
night of September 25. 

1 Messenger January 1992 

Up in smoke 

A fire destroyed the old Brethren Publishing House on State 
Street in Elgin, 111., the night of September 25. 

Built by the Brethren in 1899 and enlarged in the early 
years of this century, the building was considered a land- 
mark because of its unusual structure. It served as the church 
publishing house and offices until 1959. when the General 
Offices moved to the present site on Dundee Avenue. 

At the time of the fire, the building was unoccupied ex- 
cept for the offices of a Spanish-language newspaper and the 
property management office of the building's owner, who 
was converting the brick building into upscale apartments. 

Units from four area fire departments joined Elgin fire- 
fighters in dousing the blaze, which almost completely 
gutted the building. Police described the fire as suspicious, 
and a man who was seen running away was held for further 
questioning. He was also the only person injured in the fire, 
and was later charged with criminal trespass. 

The fire drew "hundreds of spectators," according to the 
Elgin Courier-News. "It looked like the bleachers at Wrigley 
Field," Elgin's division fire chief told the newspaper. 

In the crowd was Howard Royer, the General Board's 
director of interpretation. "A particularly poignant moment 
came when the brick, stone, and beams from the northwest 
corner went cascading down over South State Street," he 
said. "That top-floor corner had been my first base of oper- 
ation with the General Board — the corner where I appren- 
ticed with Harl Russell as master teacher and where I gained 
my first and formative vistas of urban and corporate life. 

"Great as it was to leave 22 S. State Street behind over 
30 years ago," he added, "I'll always treasure the six years I 
had there . . . and ponder the pivotal place it held for 60 
years of Brethren history." — Cheryl Cayford 

Top: The Publishing House as it used to 
be. Center: Business manage/Joseph 
Amick and editor J.H. Moore at work in 
the building, probably before 1904, 
when Amick retired. Bottom: The com- 
posing room, also in the early years of 
this century. 

January 1992 Messenger 1 1 

BVS: The next generation 

by Karla Boyers 

There is a fascination in our society 
with the baby boom generation. In 
nearly any magazine today, one can 
find out what they drive, where they 
live, and whether or not they're 
ever coming back to church. 
One certainty about boomers: 
they — and, for some, their 
children — are showing a real 
interest in volunteering. 
With its 44th birthday 
approaching this July, 
Brethren Volunteer Service 
has, in many ways, grown 
up with the boomers, heard 
their concerns, and now is 
speaking to and through the 
next generation. This month, 
BVS celebrates the passage of its 
200th volunteer unit. Twenty-five 
participants, including the program's 
first Eastern European — Edyta Czesnel 
from Poland — are undergoing a three- 
week orientation at Camp Ithiel, a 

Brethren camp in Gotha, Fla. 

This is the second year BVS has held a 
January unit, after a special orientation 
was inserted in last year's schedule to 
handle an overflow of volunteers. 
According to orientation coordinator 
Debbie Eisenbise, even after this current 
unit was filled (four months ahead of 
schedule) there was a backlog of 80 

applicants wanting to enter BVS. 
Why the sudden surge in volunteer- 
ism? Debbie believes that society 

"works in cycles," that presently 

there is a new "social values 

awareness." More people are 

concerned about shaping the 

world in which they and their 

children must live. 

There is no single volunteer proto- 
type, according to BVS director Jan 
Schrock. While the majority are recent 
college graduates, more projects are 
opening up for volunteers just graduating 
from high school. This age group "faces 
enormous pressure to enter military 
service" says Jan, who hopes to see 
more intentional efforts to recruit from 
high schools. 

Just as more young people are volun- 
teering, there also has been an increase 
in the number of retired people and 
couples entering BVS. People are 
"staying healthy longer, and are recog- 
nizing the wealth of expertise they have 
to share with others," says Jan. 

Volunteers on the front lines 

by Cheryl Cayford 

Messenger readers may notice that 
Brethren Volunteer Service workers are 
often mentioned in reports about the 
church's work in dangerous places. (See 
page 14 for a related story from the 

In the last few years, Brethren have 
heard reports of BVSers working in El 
Salvador in the midst of a bitter civil war 
and threats against church workers. Jeff 
Schoonover-Higgins was detained by the 
Salvadoran military in 1 989 and, more 
recently, Laura Lomas was arrested and 
briefly detained in El Salvador while 
accompanying a visiting US delegation. 

Several BVSers were in Israel and the 

12 Messenger January 1992 

Occupied Territories during the gulf 
crisis and the war, and two others have 
remained in Haiti despite a violent coup 
in late September. 

How does BVS decide when a place is 
too dangerous for volunteers? "First of 
all, we don't pull people out," said BVS 
director Jan Schrock. "We take very 
seriously the situation that they're in. 
We rely on the volunteer and the project 
director and the family here in the US to 
make a decision together." 

Jan emphasizes that the situations are 
handled on a case-by-case basis. Even in 
an area such as Israel and the Occupied 
Territories, BVSers working in different 
communities may have very different 

During the gulf war, three volunteers 
left projects in Palestinian communities, 
one only for a short holiday until the 
crisis was over. Two volunteers re- 
mained on project throughout the war, 
and at the same time, another BVSer 
from the US went to take up a new 
project there. 

"We were in conversation with the 
project director," Jan explains. He said 
he would not have asked her to come if 
he had known she would not be safe. 
"We live here, this is our life, we're not 
leaving," Jan remembers him saying. 
When Jan talked to the volunteer about 
going to the Middle East at that time, 
she said, "Why wouldn't I go?" 

BVS staff also consult with other 

The "fast lane drop-outs" are another 
emerging category of volunteers. "These 
are persons in the 25- to 35-year age 
Tange who may have been on the upward 
Imobility ladder," says Jan. They want to 
"explore a simpler lifestyle, or take a 
'break from what may be unfulfilling or 
[stressful careers. 

] "Some don't know exactly why 
they're volunteering, but that has to be 
recognized (by the church) too," Jan 
explains. "To enter BVS doesn't mean 
pne is already a servant, just like going 
[o church doesn't automatically make 
«5omeone a Christian. But BVS is part of 
the process of servanthood, through 
iwhich people can be transformed." 

The initial mandate for BVS — to 
provide peace-time service opportunity 
— began with sending volunteers to 
5urope to help with post- World War II 
•econstruction efforts. "Here we are 200 
rnits later, and international volunteers 
ire coming to the US to help repair our 
:rumbling society," observes Jan. 
1 Each year a number of volunteers 

enter BVS through Eirene, a partner 
ecumenical, international service 
organization based in Germany and 
begun by the Brethren, Mennonites, and 
International Fellowship of Reconcilia- 
tion (IFOR) in 1957. Because of recent 
changes in Eastern Europe, Debbie 
Eisenbise expects to see overseas 
inquiries continue to rise. 

"BVSers today want to be part of 
making something happen," says 
Debbie. "Many of the volunteers who 
come to orientation are asking serious 
questions about what gives meaning to 
life." Some, disenchanted with the 
church, are finding that an "institution 
such as BVS helps them find religion in 
a relevant fashion — by doing faith 
through action." 

With 1 79 projects that offer nearly 
400 positions in 21 countries, and with 
slightly more than 100 volunteers cur- 
rently serving in Brethren Volunteer 
Service, it is evident that there is plenty 
of room for more volunteers. And yet, 
the program has trouble keeping pace 

with its own popularity. 

In recent years the BVS budget could 
handle 85 volunteers each year. With 
room and board at orientation, insurance, 
and travel, it costs BVS about $3,000 
for each volunteer. Even if the orienta- 
tion units were filled to capacity, still 
only 125 persons could be processed. 
That has changed: In October, the 
General Board adjusted its 1992 budget 
to accommodate an additional 40 

"BVS in the next century depends on 
what the church does during this period 
of growth," says Debbie. "If we're 
content to hold to our present numbers, 
then that says something about our 
desire to spread empathy and compas- 
sion to a hurting world. But, if the 
church gets behind the program and 
assists this natural process, we'll see 
great transformation 


Karla Boyers recently completed a year with 
Messenger as editorial assistant, through Brethren 
Volunteer Service. 

jeneral Board staff and other church 
igencies when it seems a situation may 
)ecome dangerous. In many instances, 
BVS policy has mirrored policies of 
vlennonite Central Committee, which 
lid bring some volunteers back from 
ordan during the gulf war but also, Jan 
:mphasizes, on an individual basis. 

Such decisions are often difficult. "It's 
ilways easier" to pull all employees out 
»f a volatile country, as many Christian 
nission agencies do, Jan admits. "But 
he message that gives to the people 

I here . . . it's a colonial, imperialistic 
:ind of thinking." 
Such a move also does not take into 
iccount what happens to the volunteers 
vho are forced to leave, she adds. A 

forced return may lead to anger and guilt 
on the part of the volunteer. "It's better 
to empower somebody to be the dis- 
cerner," she explained. 

Where are the hot spots for BVSers 
now? Jan lists Peru, where a volunteer is 
working with a press "that's getting at 
the truth"; Central America, where 
BVSers are giving Christian accompani- 
ment; Haiti; Northern Ireland, where 
BVS has placed volunteers for many 
years; Israel and the Occupied Territo- 
ries; and the US — especially for BVSers 
working with victims of abuse and 
troubled teenagers. 

"I see more violence and potential 
life-threatening situations here in the 
US," Jan says, although she adds that 

"all of us who are trying to bring Christ 
into the marketplace find ourselves in 
dangerous situations." 

"I have known BVSers who want to 
go work on the front lines," Jan says. 
"They just feel a calling. They feel a 
compassion for people. They feel a 
solidarity. I see them as warriors — 
peaceful warriors — working at the battle 
lines in a different way. 

"BVS is not in the kind of business" to 
deliberately place people in a war zone, 
she adds. "No one is trying to be a hero." 
Volunteers on the front lines are there 
because they have the right skills, a 
burden to be with people who are 
suffering, and a need "to get at 
the truth." 


January 1992 Messenger 13 

Volunteers on the front lines 

Letter from Laos 

Brethren Volun- 
teer Service 
worker Chandler 
Edwards was 
killed while doing 
rural development 
* ^^k^ work in Laos 
> M I during the 
J^MmA VietnamWar The 

UK m/M2s I son of Brethren 
pastor Ova Edwards and his wife, Leola, 
of Telford, Tenn., he had entered BVS as 
a conscientious objector. 

He died April 24, 1969. The US 
government report said he was killed 
while returning from a trip to a village 
school-building project. His jeep was hit 
by a rocket, and two of his passengers 
also died. Other passengers said the 
ambush was by the North Vietnamese- 
aligned Pathet Lao and that Chandler 
had earlier contacted Lao Army authori- 
ties who said the road was secure. 

Chandler had worked two years in 
Laos and was close to completing his 
term. He planned to return after a visit 
in the US. The following is from a letter 
he wrote to BVS staff. 

Just sitting here singing by myself 
without another person around close by 
and I got to feeling so good all over. I 
just couldn't keep it inside me any- 
more. ... Do you recall how we (used) 
to sit around and talk at all hours of the 
night, sometimes permitting our tem- 
perature to rise, other times everyone 
was in one accord; the times we used to 
listen as someone played the guitar and 
sang and the sound thereof taking one 
off into the remotest recesses of the 
mind. . . . 

Now, in this day of modern warfare 
when a person can aim an object at 
others and the others become covered 
completely with burning sensations, yes, 
even burns, what does this do to the 
morals of the person doing this tragic 
thing? Have the American people . . . 

14 Messenger January 1 992 

become so insensitive that (they) will 
permit such outrage against mankind to 

It moves me from the very depths of 
my being to see this happening and yet, 
just what the blazes can we do? As a 
result of the war in Vietnam, the 
forgotten war in Laos is permitting 
American taxpayers' dollars to do this 
thing also in Laos . . . but on an ex- 
tremely hush hush basis. 

News of what is happening in Laos is 
of the most censored kind I am sure. . . . 
Daily I can see American planes loaded 
to the flying limit with death-delivering 
explosives go across my head and 
deliver their arsenal upon the citizens of 
Laos, many who are loyal to the Lao 
government and not in sympathy to the 
cause of Communist Pathet Lao. . . . 

Dead people, blood, a man with his 
guts in his hands, a woman with a dead 
two-month-old child in her arms slowly 
rocking back and forth in the ruins of 
her destroyed house, a small lad blinded 
by napalm, driven mentally off balance 
and crying for mother who is dead and 
only several yards from him but he can't 
see her. 

I tell you it is enough to drive a 
person crazy to have this go on in the 
area where you live and are trying to 
establish some kind of community 
development programs only to see it 
(destroyed) slowly at times and swiftly 
at others by the uncaring Americans in 
the sky who release this deadly hell from 
the belly of their planes not knowing any 
of the people it kills or forever cripples, 
leaves sightless, etc. etc. I get so 
discouraged I could walk in the jungle 
and never return. 

The directions from the American 
embassy come to be more and more 
guarded in what we write to anyone in 
the States, but I'm past caring anymore. 
I was talking to a CIA agent in Vientiane 
last week when I had to go. there for 
medical treatment and he was telling 

me that in his personal opinion, the 
censored, forgotten, and bedamned war 
in Laos will become larger, more 
destructive, more censored, etc. before 
it lets up. 

I've written some very direct and 
nasty letters to people in the States in 
addition to talking with the North 
Vietnamese Embassy in Laos, the Red 
Chinese Embassy, the Russian Embassy, 
Indian, Cambodia, French, English, 
and the Pathet Lao headquarters upon 
various points of mutual interest at this 
time, and am under threat of being 
forced to leave the country by USAID 
and the beloved American Embassy for 
my actions. 

I may be called a communist and a 
traitor but I'll stand by what I believe in 
until the day I draw my last breath. The 
American Embassy here and the 
ambassador himself called me on the 
carpet. They have the policy that an 
American in Laos is to have no kind of 
contact in any way, shape, or fashion 
with the enemy. Since I did, my head 
(is) due to roll. 

In a long conference with the ambas- 
sador in which he called me a traitor or a 
communist, he said he was going to start 
proceedings to have my visa revoked 
and to have me thrown physically, 
legally, and bodily from the country. As 
a result I offered the threat of blowing 
higher than hell stories to magazines, 
newspapers — straight, liberal, conserva- 
tive, and radical right and left. . . . 

I see a wide-open road in the future 
with unlimited opportunity to work with 
people for people, helping anyone in any 
way except with (violence). Since I've 
come to Laos I've become more and 
more of a radical, still a solid pacifist, 
more concerned with the needs of others 
and think less and less of self-gain, more 
convinced that the American govern- 
ment is going down (the) road of self- 
destruction. Only regret more Y7T 
don't raise voices of protest. ' 

Marines seeking CO discharges have been held at North Carolina' s Camp Lejeune. 

Coercion of conscience 

The war in the Persian Gulf began one year 
ago this month and lasted just 100 days. For 
some soldiers, however, the war isn't over. 

by Naomi Thiers 

^ast spring, as celebrations of US 
['victory" in the Persian Gulf reached a 
ever pitch, Paula Hensley wasn't 
:elebrating. Her son, Harvey Hensley, a 
Marine who became a conscientious 
)bjector, sat in a military stockade 
serving a two-year sentence for refusing 
o fight the gulf war. 

Hundreds of other military objectors 
l,vere awaiting courts-martial and 
possible prison terms as long as seven 
tears. And objectors who were forcibly 
leployed to the gulf continued trying to 
"ollow their beliefs by pressing for a 
:onscientious objector (CO) discharge 
Tom within Saudi Arabia. 

"The military tried to make an 
example of conscientious objectors in 
"his war because it fears dissent " 

Hensley said. "COs were treated worse 
than people who simply went AWOL 
(absent without leave)." 

It is impossible to know exactly 
how many service men and women 
resisted participation in Desert Shield 
and Desert Storm for reasons of con- 
science. Military figures count only 
those cases that make it to the top levels 
of consideration. 

But counselors who work with 
military objectors say their phones were 
ringing off the hook. "It was overwhelm- 
ing. We were getting calls from morning 
'til night, close to half of them from 
military people looking for some relief," 
said Charles Maresca, a lawyer with the 
National Interreligious Service Board for 
Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO). 
Andre Gingerich Stoner of the Military 
Counseling Network in Germany said 

the network received calls from almost 
one thousand GIs since October 1 990 
and has helped more than 70 file 
applications for CO status. 

Maresca estimates that between one 
and two thousand military personnel 
made some attempt to file CO claims 
after Desert Shield was launched. The 
War Resisters League in New York 
regularly compiles data from groups that 
counsel objectors; it has estimated that 
2,500 service personnel filed for CO 

Some people question how soldiers 
who signed up voluntarily can oppose 
war. But according to Maresca and other 
advocates, many young people join the 
military for educational and other 
benefits touted by recruiters without 
really thinking through their feelings 
about war. When faced with the reality 

January 1992 Messenger 1 5 

of military training — and especially with 
the reality of a war — many soldiers 
develop strong beliefs against warmak- 
ing. All branches of the military provide 
for discharge as a conscientious objector, 
but Maresca says many GIs don't know 
the option exists. 

In this war, the Army made it espe- 
cially difficult for conscientious objec- 
tors to apply for release. Because of a 
change in Army procedure in October 
(which the Army insists was only a 
"clarification"). Army reservists or 
active duty soldiers whose units were on 
alert could not file a claim for a CO 
discharge until their unit reached its new 
destination — usually Saudi Arabia. 

"Reservists who were still in their 
civilian occupations and whose units 
went on alert could not possibly file for 
a discharge," Maresca explained. "Even 
though they understood that they 
couldn't participate in a war, they were 
not allowed to file unless they went to 
the war." 

Filing for a CO discharge is a complex 
procedure. Soldiers are supposed to have 
access to witnesses who can vouch for 
them, and they often need civilian sup- 
port and counsel. Such help is obviously 
not available in Saudi Arabia. 

In January, the Army again "clarified" 
its policy to allow soldiers on alert lo file 
CO claims before they were deployed to 
the gulf — but claims would still not be 
processed until a soldier shipped out. 
This meant that to avoid risking court- 
martial, military COs would have to join 
the buildup for war in the gulf — and in 
some cases would have to follow their 
unit into combat. 

Xor military resisters such as 
Stephanie Atkinson, beliefs against 
war would not allow her to follow these 
rules. Like many reservists, Atkinson 
joined the Army because she needed 
money for education. "My folks 
couldn't afford to send me to college, 
and my options were limited," Atkinson 
explained. From the first day of basic 
training, Atkinson knew she had prob- 
lems with the military, and after several 
years of reserve duty her beliefs against 

killing crystallized. 

"I thought I'd try and stick it out. I 
didn't know about the CO option and 
no one ever told me about it. I never 
thought I'd have to make a decision 
about war," she said. Atkinson finally 
read about conscientious objection a 
week before her unit was sent to the 

"I knew it was war and I wasn't going 
to participate," Atkinson recalls. She 
went AWOL and began working on her 
CO claim. 

According to Andre Gingerich Stoner, 
Jones, stationed in Germany, filed a 
CO claim on December 19, 1990. By 
December 26, however, Jones's unit was 
preparing to deploy, and he was ordered 
to go. He went AWOL to seek help. 

On January 2, in a phone conversation 
Stoner has on tape. Army Captain Cloy 
assured Jones that if he turned himself in 
he would be punished for going AWOL 
but would not be sent to the gulf. When 
Jones returned to his unit, however, 
military police handcuffed him and 

'Having the right to he a CO between wars 
is like being a vegetarian between meals.' 

According to the War Resisters 
League (WRL), hundreds of Army, 
Marine, and other service men and 
women made the same choice as 
Atkinson — either going AWOL to seek 
legal help or openly telling their com- 
manders they would not go to the gulf. 
Several Marine reservists have testified 
that they felt they had to go AWOL to 
protect their lives because Marine 
officers threatened them with physical 
violence, imprisonment, or being 
dragged to the gulf for trying to file a 
CO claim. "Service people who resisted 
were jailed, and many were beaten," said 
Maresca. "We've had reliable reports 
that that sort of thing happened." 

In some cases, the military simply 
would not take no for an answer. 
According to Jim Crichton, of Friends 
Military Counseling, six Army soldiers 
stationed in Germany who had declared 
themselves conscientiously opposed to 
war were taken forcibly to Saudi Arabia 
in handcuffs and leg irons, and at least 
two Marine reservists in the US who had 
filed CO claims were handcuffed and 
forced onto a plane to the gulf. 

Crichton said some resisters are reluc- 
tant to go public because the military has 
retaliated against those who talk to the 
press. One Army medic who has made 
his story known is Derrick Jones. 

forced him onto a bus heading for the 
flight to the gulf. Witnesses say Jones 
went into shock. He ended up in Saudi 
Arabia where, according to his wife, he 
was told to carry a gun. 

Jones bases his objections to war on 
Christian beliefs. He has stated, "Killing, 
even on the battlefield, is wrong. Every 
human being has the same worth in 
God's eyes, and for me to say this 
human is worth more than another is 
going against the Scriptures." 

In December, three Marines tried to 
drag a Muslim resister, Daniel Gillis, 
onto a bus that was the first leg of his 
unit's trip to the gulf, according to 
Gillis' lawyer, Hillary Richard. Gillis' 
objection to war is based on his interpre- 
tation of the Koran. Richard said Gillis 
told his commanding officer in October 
that he was a conscientious objector, and 
in November submitted a claim. The 
Marine Corps did not officially follow 
the Army's policy of not accepting 
claims until soldiers were deployed, but 
according to Michael Marsh of the War 
Resisters League, some Marine com- 
manders would not accept claims. 

On December 13, Gillis was told that 
his unit would be going to the gulf the 
following Monday, and that the hearing 
on his CO application would be held that 
Saturday. "The hearing officer was be- 

1 6 Messenger January 1992 

low the rank required, so the whole thing 
Swas not valid," Richard said. "The next 
day the battalion commander told Gillis 
this application had been denied and he 
(had to go, even though the commander 
'had no authority to tell him this." 

When Gillis refused to board the bus 
with his unit on December 17, two 
•Marines dragged him outside and along 
pie ground. Richard said other Marines 
(tried to help Gillis and a tussle ensued, 
iduring which Gillis reinjured a dislo- 
cated shoulder. "A witness said he was 
on the ground crying and praying," 
•Richard noted. "The sergeant tried to 
jpush him onto the bus but he resisted." 
Gillis spent 39 days in the brig at Camp 
[Lejeune and finally had a hearing on his 
[CO claim on May 1 . He has received a 
112-month sentence, to end in April. 

Throughout the war — and in the 
(months following, when the public and 
ithe armed forces wanted nothing to mar 
;their unity — resentment of COs erupted 
linto harsh treatment. Jamison said objec- 
tors in the military have been made to 
:hant "I am sh— " over and over, and 
some have received death threats. 
According to Crichton, the military has 
been seeking to bring maximum charges 
([usually desertion) against COs, and 
some objectors are getting stiffer sen- 
tences than people who went AWOL for 
reasons other than conscience. 

According to Hands Off!, a support 
group for military COs, as of mid- 
November most of the 33 Marine 
resisters held at North Carolina's Camp 
Lejeune had been court-martialed. Eight 
served full sentences and have been 
released, eight were released on clem- 
ency after having served less than half 
their sentences, and several still await 
[answers on clemency requests. Those 
remaining in custody at the camp are not 
eligible for or have been denied clem- 
ency appeals. 

The average sentence for the group at 
Lejeune is 15 months, with the longest 
sentence set at two-and-a-half years. 
According to Abby Scher of Hands Off!, 
the commanding general of the base 
iinsisted they be court-martialed, despite 
their receiving their chaplain's recom- 
mendation for CO status. Many of the 

Ten questions after the gulf war 

by David Radcliff 

X • How do we lift up the humanity of the enemy, given the dehumanizing na- 
ture of modern warfare and the propaganda that surrounds it? (US soldiers were 
shaken by watching a videotape of Iraqis being blown apart by "smart weapons" 
during an assault by allied troops. Matt. 5:21-22, 43-48; Rom. 12:14-21) 

<L . What can be done to cut back the powerful military capacity that makes 
negotiated settlements to conflict less likely? (A congressional aide said of the 
"next generation" Advanced Tactical Fighter: "We have a fascination in this 
country for reaching higher and stronger than anywhere else. We have the 
capability to produce these incredible airplanes, so why would we not do that 
now if we can do it?" Joshua 11:1-6 challenges those who trust in military 

Sj • How do we call our government to be evenhanded in the application of 
standards of justice and human rights in its relations with other nations when 
such relations are usually based on US political or economic interests? (The US, 
for example, is much slower to condemn its allies, such as El Salvador, South 
Korea, and Israel, for their abuses than we are to condemn and attack a country 
such as Iraq, which we perceived to be a threat to our interests in the Middle 
East. Mic. 3:5-13; Isa. 1:16-21) 

H". How can the church deal openly and lovingly with disagreements within its 
fellowship in a time of national crisis? (Eph. 4:25-27) 

J) . How can we better take advantage of the opportunities that a war provides 
the peace churches for witness and evangelism? (Matt. 5:13-16; 1 Pet. 2:9-12) 

Vj • How can the church help create the kind of world in which wars such as 
this one are less likely to occur? Where will such conflicts most likely arise in 
the future? What can be done now to prevent them? (Matt. 5:9; Mic. 6:6-8) 

/ . How important is it that the church push the nation to address the deep 
problems and divisions that underlie our own society and from which a "suc- 
cessful" war seems to provide a temporary respite? How are these problems and 
divisions a threat to our national security and well-being? (One out of five 
children and one out of five elderly in the US live below the poverty line. Matt. 
23:23-24; Jer. 6:13-14) 


. How does our vision of a "new world order" differ from the vision that 
President Bush holds? (He recently said, "The weaker nations of the world can 
trust the stronger ones to act with mercy toward them." What does this say about 
equality and partnership among the peoples of the world? Hab. 2) 

Z7 , How are we to live as a servant people in a nation that prides itself on 
being the premier military power in the world? (Luke 22:24-27) 


. What questions did this war raise for youl 

David Radcliff is peace consultant for the Church of the Brethren General Board. 

January 1992 Messenger 17 

men turned themselves in, but most have 
been charged with Desertion to Shirk 
Hazardous Duty, a felony charge that is 
rarely used. 

The resisters at Lejeune have testified 
to verbal abuse and constant threats of 
physical violence from fellow Marines 
and superiors. Lance Corporal James 
Summers said a Marine sergeant told his 
parents, "We will slap him around and 
see if he really is a CO." Summers was 
later put in solitary confinement, and his 
family received a threatening letter. 

According to Peter Jamison of WRL, 
after working a full day the resisters 
have been made to walk "fire watches" 
at night so they only get a few hours of 
sleep. Scher said Marine officials have 
pressured the objectors to withdraw their 
CO claims and incriminate each other in 
exchange for better treatment. 

Maresca sees it as a dangerous trend 
that people with moral objections to war 
are being punished and not having their 
CO claims processed. "For 50 years the 
US has honored these religious beliefs. 
Now we're going back to the days of 
World War I when COs were thrown in 
jail and tortured," he said. 

Peace groups have also tried to get 
word on how objectors who played by 
the Army's rules and went to the gulf 
fared. Counselors found it difficult to get 
accurate news about COs in the gulf, 
partly because, according to Crichton, 
"when someone applies for CO status 
there appears to be a concerted effort to 
cut down on their communication." 


- richton said most COs were kept 
with their units in the gulf, where some 
performed all duties except weapons 
training. But in the heat of a war situa- 
tion — and some COs were in units that 
saw combat — "noncombatant duty" can 
be a meaningless concept. There were 
reports of COs forced to carry guns and 
load ammunition onto trucks. Crichton 
said one objector was made to walk 
guard duty with a broom over his shoul- 
der because he refused to hold a gun. 

Army National Guard reservist Philip 
Starks had an even more absurd experi- 

18 Messenger January 1992 

ence in the desert, according to his girl- 
friend, Lisa Kulpinski. Starks, who filed 
a CO application in January before he 
was deployed to the gulf, was ordered to 
carry his M16 with him to Saudi Arabia. 
When he refused, military officers made 
him carry the disassembled M16 in his 
backpack on a civilian airflight, Kul- 
pinski said. In the gulf, Starks was still 
ordered to carry the gun, and rather than 
risk refusing an order, he removed the 
gun's firing bolt so he was not carrying 
something that could kill. 

"He went right into Kuwait with his 
combat unit, in the front-line area," said 
Kulpinski. "He was in noncombatant 
duty but they made him carry the gun, 
and they knew he was carrying a 
disarmed weapon." In February, Starks 
refused to carry the weapon. 

"Why would the Army want some- 
one who's a pacifist in that theater of 
operations'?" Kulpinski wondered. "His 
platoon knew he shouldn't be going with 

them." She said Starks's fellow reserv- 
ists had known since early 1990 that 
he'd developed pacifist beliefs (they 
used to put peace signs on his locker) 
and that Starks had spoken to Army 
officials about his conflict. 

"He told his sergeant about his feel- 
ings and she told him his only alternate 
was to wait until January 1991 and appl 
for the inactive reserves," Kulpinski 
recalled. "When he heard his unit had 
been activated, he wrote to his captain 
saying he couldn't carry a gun or 
participate, and they still wouldn't tell 
him about conscientious objection." Lil 
Atkinson, Starks learned of this option 
only weeks before he was deployed. 

Not surprisingly, the military is tryinj 
to downplay the resistance. Atkinson 
said she and other resisters were pres- 
sured not to talk to the media. "They 
deny that they put a media gag on me, 
but that's what it was. I was told that if 
(continued on page 20) 

So, you want to be a conscientiou 

by David Radcliff 

The gulf war showed that our nation can 
quickly become involved in a conflict 
that leads to a major military mobiliza- 
tion. There is reason to fear that the 
Grenada-Panama-Iraq sequence will be 
continued in the near future. 

For those who would want to be 
declared conscientious objectors (COs) 
if there were to be a military draft, it is 
important to begin building a history 
as one concerned with peacemaking. 
Draft boards will be examining the 
sincerity of the claims of potential COs, 
and a long-term commitment is one 
good indication. 

While currently only 18-year-old men 
are required to register with Selective 
Service, young women should also 
strongly consider building a case for 
their own CO claim, as they, too, could 
be subject to a future draft. (They could 
have been drafted this time around in a 
medical draft.) 

When registering, some men find a 
space on their registration card to write 
the words "I am a conscientious objectc 
to war." Although Selective Service wil 
not record this statement, a photocopy c 
it for your own records provides docu- 
mentation of your beliefs at the time of 
your registration. 

Some men, as a matter of conscience, 
do not register. Although the penalties 
against such persons are not being 
enforced now, these people will be 
denied federal educational loans and 
grants and federal employment. I 
administer a grant program for the 
Church of the Brethren General Board 
that gives financial support to college 
students who, because of their nonregis- 
tration, are denied funds for which they 
otherwise would have qualified. 

If you are a youth or young adult whc 
is committed to peacemaking, look for 
ways to express these commitments. 
Attend conferences and rallies, partici- 
pate in letter-writing campaigns and 


Pastoral presence from a peace church 

Barry Henry, pastor of the Jacksonville 
(Fla.) Church of the Brethren, has given 
counsel and support to several military 
personnel who objected to the gulf war. 
The two he knows best are marine 
reservists Demetrio Perez and James 
Summers at Camp Lejeune. 

As high school friends, Summers and 
Perez had joined the Marines only to 
discover a discrepancy between the 
college tuition they were promised and 
that actually covered in the agreement. 
At boot camp, they had trouble with the 
name-calling and the way people were 
treated, Henry says. They decided to be 
college students first, and to "play" 
Marines on the weekends. Only when 
they were called up did they find out 
they could apply for CO discharges. 

The two men did not report for duty 
in order to prepare CO applications, 
and they contacted Barry Henry for 

help. They were sentenced to more than 
six months for the unauthorized absence. 

They are supported by their families, 
who accompanied them when they 
turned themselves in. And Henry keeps 
in touch through letters and visits. He 
says a number of times COs at Camp 
Lejeune have "genuinely felt threatened" 
but have not been physically harmed. 
For example, once Summers was taken 
in chains to the brig, for no apparent 
reason, and spent all weekend there with 
no outside contact. 

A Marine chaplain told Henry the ob- 
jectors will likely not receive CO dis- 
charges as long as there is the possibility 
of disciplinary action. Although their CO 
applications have been approved by a 
chaplain, a psychiatrist, and investigat- 
ing officers, final approval has yet to 
come from Washington. — Cheryl 


Our Troop 

Bring Ther 

Accompanied by their families, James 
Summers and Demetrio Perez turned 
themselves in just before Christmas 1990. 


vigils, study the biblical basis of peace- 
making, join workcamp groups or 
Brethren Volunteer Service as a way of 
giving concrete expression to your 
f/alues. Activities such as these will 
stretch you and make you grow. They 
A'ill give form to your faith. And they 
m\\ demonstrate that your commitment 
to peacemaking is long-term, and not 
iust a means of getting out of our 
■:oun try's latest war. 
, You should also strongly consider 
'jutting your beliefs in writing. I provide 
i packet from my office that serves as a 
luide for you (write to 1451 Dundee 
\ve., Elgin, IL 60120; or call (800) 323- 
S039). The packet asks you to respond to 
he kind of questions that would come 
Tom a draft board. This will help you 
:larify your beliefs and provide a clear 
record of them. You also should ask two 
)r three people who know you well to 
■vrite letters of support for you, testify- 
ng to your sincerity and to the validity 
pf your claims. 

This material can then be sent to my 
office, where I will open a file in your 
name. While there is no legal value in 
this process, it becomes a valuable part 
of your personal peacemaking record. 

If you are a young person attracted to 
the benefits provided by a career in the 
military, think long and hard about such 
an offer. During the gulf war, I spoke 
with more than one soldier who had 
signed up with the "peacetime army" to 
get a college education, but who was 
now frightened and surprised to be 
heading off to Saudi Arabia. The price 
of going to college suddenly seemed a 
lot higher. And as the article by Naomi 
Thiers makes clear, it is a lot easier to 
get into the military than it is to get out 
through a CO claim. 

If you are currently in the military, 
there is a legal procedure for gaining 
release as a CO. There are also several 
capable organizations that can assist you 
in this process (Contact CCCO, 2208 
South St., Philadelphia, PA 19146; or 

NISBCO, 1601 Connecticut Ave. NW, 
Suite 750, Washington, DC 20009). 

(Among the parts of the procedure for 
applying for CO status within the 
military is a psychiatric interview. It is 
as though people who would question 
their involvement in the world's most 
effective fighting organization may not 
be mentally well. Others of us see such 
questioning in a little different light.) 

For those people who are no longer of 
draft age, the most important thing is to 
live as peacemakers and to share the 
biblical basis of peacemaking with 
young people and with one another. It is 
also crucial that we make sure that the 
rights to conscientious objection stay in 
the laws of our own and other nations. 
The recent war showed that when the 
choice is between military necessity and 
the rights of individuals, these right 
can be easily pushed aside. 


David Radcliff is peace consultant for the 
Church of the Brethren General Board. 

January 1992 Messenger 19 

(continued from page 18) 
talked to the press I'd be disobeying a 
direct order and it would make it very 
difficult for my case." 

From this perspective, Army reservist 
and medical doctor Yolanda Huet- 
Vaughn was the military's nightmare. 
When the US got involved in the gulf, 
she began compiling data on the poten- 
tial casualties and environmental 
consequences of war. Huet- Vaughn had 
originally believed in the Catholic just 
war theory, but her research convinced 
her this war was unjust and made her a 

"I realized I couldn't provide medical 
support in the war — I would be an 
accomplice," Huet-Vaughn said. At first, 
however, her main concern was not 
getting a discharge but making the 
public aware of the folly of going to war. 
"I saw my role as that of a public-health 
physician attempting to change a 
structure that was going to hurt a lot of 
people. People said I should file for CO, 
but the main question for me wasn't 
whether I belonged in the military; the 
question was, does the military belong in 
the Middle East? That's a question every 
citizen has to answer." 

Huet-Vaughn got into a lot of trouble 
for asking that question, particularly for 
bringing up the 350 US nuclear weapons 
in the gulf. "When I got to Fort Leonard 
Wood, a military lawyer told me not to 
go to vigils or write letters to the editor 
or I'd be court-martialed," she recalled. 
"He said 'the policy is to go to war and 
deploy nuclear weapons and you cannot 
speak out against it.' " She said her 
commander at Fort Riley warned her, 
"I'm already sending someone to 
Leavenworth for refusing orders, and if 
you cause dissension in the ranks that's 
where you'll end up too." 

Huet-Vaughn realized that if she 
were going to speak out as a doctor 
against the war she would have to do it 
outside the military. In early January she 
went AWOL. She presented her data 
about the gulf war at a press conference 
and at the United Nations, and lobbied 

20 Messenger January 1992 

members of Congress. 

Then she turned herself in to the 
military. "I hadn't left to desert; I left to 
educate," she explained. But the Army 
charged her with desertion. On August 9 
she was sentenced to 30 months in 

Marine Corps spokesperson Maj. 
Doreen Burger told me, "We haven't 
had a significant number of resisters." 
Burger also assured me that if a Marine 
files for CO status, he or she is not 
required to deploy until the claim has 
been processed, and she read me the 
Marine Corps regulations to that effect. 
She would not discuss the COs held at 
Camp Lejeune for refusing deployment. 

The Army has been careful to down- 
play its October "clarification" regarding 
CO claims. "Procedurally there are no 
changes," Army spokesperson Captain 
Barbara Goodno assured me. 

However, many lawyers and counsel- 

ors who support objectors believe that if 
the Army's practice of requiring COs to 
serve in a war zone is allowed to stand, 
the right to conscientious objection will 
be dangerously eroded. 

"I'm very concerned — scared — that 
the idea of conscientious objection has 
been written out of the military regula- 
tions," said Maresca. "Once a real war 
started, basically they issued an order 
that said nobody gets out and that 

includes conscientious objectors. If this 
is how they deal with COs during 
wartime, it means that there will be no 
conscientious objection. It will exist on 
paper but not practically. Having the 
right to be a CO between wars is like 
being a vegetarian between meals. It's 
being able to be a CO during war that 
gives us some protection." 

Maresca said virtually no service 
people who applied for a CO discharge 
during the gulf war were released as 
COs, and that claims are still being 
processed slowly, with many claims 
being denied. The claims of soldiers who 
are punitively discharged will never be 
acted on. 

Although they haven't gotten as much 
press as victory galas, military objectors, 
their supporters, and religious groups are 
speaking out. Military COs need support 
and advocacy from Christians who share 
their views. NISBCO urges religious 
groups to write the secretaries of the 
service branches to protest the treatment 
of COs. Maresca said he has been 
disappointed that church leaders have 
not spoken out more forcefully for 
objectors' rights in this war. 


.esisters are building effective 
support and information networks among 
themselves, but Crichton said many COs 
are still isolated from help. He recom- 
mended that people get addresses of 
military resisters and write to them. 
Letters to commanding officers can also 
improve the treatment of COs. 

"The war isn't over for these people," 
said Tom Cordaro of Pax Christi, a 
Catholic peace group. "President Bush 
has called for a period of healing. These 
men and women need to be brought 
into that healing." 


Naomi Thiers is a writer in Washington. DC. In 
the early 1980s she worked with the National 
lnterreligious Sen ice Board for Conscientious 

Adapted and reprinted with permission from The 
Other Side, 300 W. Apsley. Philadelphia. PA 19144.' 
Copyright 1991. 

Oo let freedom ring from 
the prodigious hilltops of 
New Hampshire. Let freedom 
ring from the mighty moun- 
tains of New York. Let free- 
dom ring from the heighten- 
ing Alleghenies of Pennsylva- 
nia. Let freedom ring from 
the snow-capped Rockies of 
Colorado. Let freedom ring 
from the curvaceous slopes of 
California. But not only that. 
Let freedom ring from Stone 
Mountain of Georgia. Let 
freedom ring from Lookout 
Mountain of Tennessee. Let 
freedom ring from every hill 
and molehill of Mississippi. 
From every mountainside, let 
freedom ring. 

And when this happens 
and when we allow freedom 
to ring, when we let it ring 
from every village and every 
hamlet, from every state and 
every city, we will be able to 
speed up that day when all 
God's children, black men 
and white men, Jews and 
gentiles, Protestants and 
Catholics, will be able to join 
hands and sing in the words 
of the old Negro spiritual: 
"Free at last. Free at last. 
Thank God Almighty, we are 
free at last." 

From Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a 
Dream" speech, delivered August 28. 1963, at the 
Lincoln Memorial, during the historic March on 

by Tom Peterson.. 
Reprinted with permission 
from the cover of Dreaming God's Dream: 
The Life & Legacy of Martin Luther King Jr., 
published by the Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America. 

Let freedom ring 

_Ln his 1963 "I Have a Dream" speech, Martin Luther King Jr. 
spoke of the faith that would enable Americans "to transform 
the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony 
of brotherhood." In 1992, nearly three decades later, that 
transformation is still far from complete. 

The Church of the Brethren, through Annual Conference 
action in 1991, is working at the transformation (see August/ 
September 1991, page 14). The report of the Committee on 
Brethren and Black Americans warns against "the subtle 
temptation of thinking that because there are not many black 
Americans in the denomination, or because many of us do not 
live in physical proximity to black people, the problem of 
racism is not our concern." 

Among recommendations of the committee for an anti- 
racism program and an educational process to challenge racist 
practices in the church and society, there was a call for 
congregations to celebrate the vision of Martin Luther King Jr. 
on his January 15 birthday. Some Church of the Brethren 
congregations already do that. It is our hope that all will join in 
this and other efforts "to transform the jangling discords of our 
nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood." From every 
mountainside, let freedom ring. — The Editors 

January 1992 Messenger 21 

By the manner of his living 

by Kermon Thomasson 

At the 1958 Annual Conference, during 
which the denomination celebrated its 
250th anniversary, moderator Desmond 
W. Bittinger preached a sermon so 
stirring and so memorable that it has 
endured through the years. It was even 
published in pamphlet form just a few 
years ago. 

The sermon was titled "And How 
Shall the Brethren Be Recognized?" — a 
question that someone had asked Breth- 
ren pioneer Alexander Mack. Mack's 
answer was "They shall be recognized 
by the manner of their living." 

As I reflected on the life of Des- 
mond W. Bittinger after hearing of 
his November 5 death at age 85, 
Mack's answer kept coming back to 
me. What best characterized Des- 
mond Bittinger, for those who knew 
him, was the manner of his living. 

A biographical sketch by Edward 
K. Ziegler describes that manner: Of 
brother Bittinger's years as a Nigeria 
missionary (1930-1938), Ziegler 
wrote, "He found himself uncomfort- 
able with the imperialistic overtones of 
much missionary activity of his day. 
Always an insatiable student of culture, 
he was fascinated by the dignity and 
character of the Africans. His stories 
about friendships with African men and 
their graceful and ancient wisdom are 

Brother Bittinger was editor of The 
Gospel Messenger for over six years 
(1944-1950). Ziegler said of him as 
editor, "He did not write as a theologian, 
but as a devout and earnest follower of 
Jesus, and a concerned Christian world 
citizen as well as a churchman." 

During brother Bittinger's career at 
McPherson College (1940-1944; 1950- 
1965), as teacher and president, "a no- 
table characteristic of his work (was) his 
close rapport with students. As president 
... he worked to attract students from 
many nations and maintained a warm 
relationship with them in their college 
years and followed their life careers 
(afterward) with appreciative concern." 

The 1958 Annual Conference was the 

22 Messenger January 1992 

first one I attended. I had just graduated 
from college. Brother Bittinger's "And 
How Shall the Brethren Be Recog- 
nized?" sermon so moved me that I 
finalized a decision that my life would 
be spent somehow in service to the 
church. I implemented that decision by 
joining Brethren Volunteer Service, 
never imagining that for the next 33 
years (so far), my 

career always 

would have me following in the 
Bittinger footsteps. 

BVS took me to Nigeria, where, as a 
missionary /teacher, I worked among 
and learned to know the endlessly 
fascinating Bura people whom he had 
known a generation earlier, and about 
whom he had written so much. Corre- 
spondence with brother Bittinger during 
those years enhanced my own studies of 
the Bura. 

When my Nigeria experience ended, 
1 3 years later, I joined the staff of 
Messenger, taking on the work of 
editor in 1977. Brother Bittinger wrote 
in his first editorial about looking up in 
awe at the portraits of former editors. I 
look often at those same portraits, joined 
now by portraits of Desmond Bittinger 

and others, and I feel the same awe. 
During my years as editor, I have 
received occasional letters from this 
beloved mentor — always supportive, 
sometimes speaking out on an issue, and 
other times designating his letter as just 
a personal note of affirmation. 

Brother Bittinger had the sort of open 
mind that I hold as my own ideal. 
Several years ago he remarked to me 
that when someone asked him if he had 
been "born again," he replied, "I'd like 
to be 'born again' about every day. 
When you get a new idea, you're 'born 
again,' slightly different from what 
you were before." 

Disturbed that some Brethren 
would like to decide and enforce 
what the others are to believe, he 
displayed his own open, seeking 
mind and tolerant spirit. "Nobody 
should tell anybody else just what 
he has to believe about a particular 
scripture. He has to accept it as 
best he can. And maybe he'll grow 
and change in the way he accepts it 
in a short time and maybe a long 
time. But it's his decision, how he 
will accept it. We can teach what we 
believe, but we can't try to force our 
concept of how any scripture is to be 
interpreted on anybody. It's a basic 
principle of Brethrenism. 

"The Bible is open, and I am to study 
it," he concluded. 

"An open mind engaged in a continu- 
ous searching for the will and the mind 
of God" is one of the marks of Brethren, 
according to brother Bittinger's 1958 
sermon on how to recognize us. Two 
other marks distinguish the Brethren, 
according to him — "a loving heart, a 
prayerful yearning immersed in love, 
growing to be like God" and "serving 
hands reaching out and mutually shar- 
ing with others all that we know and 
have. . . ." 

Hearing those three marks articulated 
was my introduction to the life and 
manner of living of Desmond W. 
Bittinger. Now, sadly, the time for fare- 
well has come. And it strikes me that 
those same three marks could well 
serve as his epitaph. 


What do you 
_ believe about >-^ 

Jesus / 

by Earle W. Fike Jr. 

Last spring MESSENGER sent a survey to 700 readers (chosen at random 
by computer) on the topic "What Do You Believe About Jesus?" Earle 
W. Fike Jr. was asked to study the answers of the 188 readers who 

The survey was a project conducted by Inter-Church Features (ICF), 
a group of nine religious publications whose editors meet regularly to 
critique each other's work, exchange ideas, and occasionally take on 
joint projects. The publications, besides MESSENGER, are The American 
Baptist, The Church Herald, The Disciple, Episcopal Life, The Lutheran, 
Presbyterian Survey, United Church News, and US Catholic. Each 
publication surveyed its own readership and published the results in a 
recent issue. (Episcopal Life, a new publication, joined ICF too recently 
to be part of the project.) 

Keep in mind that the survey was informal and non-scientific. As 
Earle Fike states, "Observing the results . . . gives us an opportunity for 
conversation and reflection" on an important topic. 

January 1 992 Messenger 23 


dong with the survey 
results and other background 
material. Messenger sent me Bob 
Bowman's searing disclaimer 
against such surveys (page 26). 
Having read it, I was ready to quit 
before I began. I identify somewhat 
with his being "fried" by such exercises. 
But then I registered a second opinion. 

If we take Bob Bowman's criticisms 
to their conclusion, all communication 
would be suspect. We couldn't say to 
another person, "It's a fine day," without 
having clarified what we meant by 
"fine," and whether the day included all 
24 hours, or only the present minute. 

I like being able to say to someone, 
"It's a fine day," and hear a response, "It 
sure is," without making a legal case out 
of it. Something valuable has happened 
even if it's experienced differently. 

Since we will not get paid or taxed on 
the results of this survey, and since the 
answers in no way affect the relationship 
that God offers us in Jesus Christ, why 
not present some of the findings for 
information, reflection, and pleasure? 
So take a look at the picture of Jesus 
that the Brethren (and seven other 
denominational representatives) have 
come up with, even if it is less like a 
photograph and more like a piece of 
impressionistic art. 

Even Jesus wondered who people 
thought he was. And the disciples told 
him. Though it's not exactly the same 
question, a representative group of 
Christians who read eight religious 
publications were asked 32 questions 
focused on the theme "What do you 
believe about Jesus?" 

Messenger's survey drew 188 
responses. The questions were all 
preferential in nature with the exception 
of the final essay question. Many 
Brethren also wrote general comments to 
clarify answers, or to reflect on the 
survey itself. 

Of the 52 Brethren who wrote general 
comments, 1 1 noted that the survey was 
interesting or worthwhile, some saying 
"It made me think" or "It reaffirmed my 

24 Messenger January 1992 

faith," while one suggested that the 
questionnaire would show more agree- 
ment among Christians than disagree- 
ment. Twenty of the general comments 
by Brethren clarified answers that they 
had given or added summary remarks 
about their faith. Ten expressed feelings 
about the questions being hard or 
unclear. The remainder added personal 
notes or suggested points of agreement 
or disagreement with the questions. 

On questions that dealt with the 
divinity and the power of Jesus, there 
was an amazingly high degree of 
agreement among the nine groups. An 
average of 96 percent of the respondents 
agreed that Jesus was the Son of God; 95 
percent agreed that he knew he was the 
Son of God; 8 1 percent agreed that Jesus 
intercedes for us with God the Father or 
Creator; and 85 percent agreed that Jesus 
has the power to change the outcome of 
earthly events in answer to prayer. 
Brethren were close to the average on 

these issues — not too shabby for people 
who are sometimes apologetic about 
theology and Christology. 

Assertions about the humanity of 
Jesus were less uniform. Ninety percent 
believed that Jesus was "just as human 
as I am," with the average Brethren 
agreement being 89 percent — perhaps a 
strong showing for the doctrine of 

But don't be overjoyed. Only 70 
percent of all respondents agreed that 
Jesus "had sexual feelings" (the Brethren 
came in with the lowest average, only 58 
percent agreeing), and when persons 
were asked to say whether they agreed 
or disagreed with the statement "Jesus 
sometimes made mistakes," only 24 
percent agreed, with the Reformed 
Church in America, the American 
Baptists, and The Evangelical Lutheran 
Church in America registering a lower 
percentage than the Brethren 19 percent. 

There is strong agreement on Jesus' 
love (which has a recognized tie to the 
doctrine of grace), and is certainly at the 
heart of the gospel. Ninety-seven percent 
of respondents agreed that Jesus loves 
them unconditionally; 94 percent agreed 
that Jesus loves people of other faiths as 
much as he loves Christians; and 91 
percent agreed that Jesus loves people of 
no faith as much as he loves Christians. 
Brethren were on average in the first and 
slightly higher on the other two. 


hen the question got changed, so 
did the agreement. Forty-seven percent 
of the answers (33 percent Brethren) 
agreed that Jesus liked some people 
more than others, and 55 percent (42 
percent Brethren) agreed that Jesus 
struggled with "disliking others as I do." 
That means some saw the clear differ- 
ence between loving and liking. Others 
felt threatened by even admitting that 
Jesus might not "like" some people, say 
some of the viperous Pharisees, or 
Caiaphas, or that old fox Herod. 
On matters related to spreading the 
(continued on page 28) 

How the Brethren answered 

Messenger sent survey forms to 700 

7. Jesus intercedes for us with God the 


readers, randomly selected by computer. 

Father or Creator. 

strongly disagree 

This compilation shows the percentage 

47 strongly agree 

1 other 

of the 188 respondents who selected 

34 agree 

each choice. 

10 disagree 

13. Jesus rose from the dead. 

6 strongly disagree 

76 strongly agree 

1. 1 prefer to pray to: 

3 other 

1 7 agree 

22 Jesus 

3 disagree 

72 God the Father or Creator 

8. 1 think of Jesus' human suffering to 

1 strongly disagree 

the Holy Spirit 

ease my own suffering. 

3 other 

6 other 

1 2 always 

34 often 

14. Jesus will come again. 

2. In conversation, I mostly use the 

35 sometimes 

68 strongly agree 


14 rarely 

1 7 agree 

65 Jesus 

4 never 

3 disagree 

1 1 Christ 

1 other 

2 strongly disagree 

19 Jesus Christ 

10 other 

5 other 

9. When Christians celebrate com- 

munion, Jesus is present in: 

15. People who do not believe in Jesus 

3. Jesus sometimes made mistakes. 

47 the community gathered 

will not get to heaven. 

3 strongly agree 

21 the Communion elements 

36 strongly agree 

19 agree 

(bread and wine) 

24 agree 

35 disagree 

28 the act of partaking of the 

24 disagree 

41 strongly disagree 


8 strongly disagree 

2 other 

4 other 

8 other 

4. Jesus loves me unconditionally. 

10. When I have a tough decision 

16. 1 wish Jesus had been more 

73 strongly agree 

to make, I think about what Jesus 

specific in telling people how to live. 

24 agree 

would have done in a similar 

4 strongly agree 



28 agree 

2 strongly disagree 

9 always 

45 disagree 

1 other 

43 often 

13 strongly disagree 

38 sometimes 

1 1 other 

5. Jesus liked some people more than 

6 rarely 


3 never 

17. Jesus had sexual feelings. 

4 strongly agree 

1 other 

10 strongly agree 

29 agree 

48 agree 

3 1 disagree 

11. Jesus struggled with disliking 

14 disagree 

34 strongly disagree 

others as I do. 

1 1 strongly disagree 

2 other 

3 strongly agree 
37 agree 

17 other 

6. 1 have a personal relationship with: 

38 disagree 

18. Jesus would believe that war is 

20 God 

20 strongly disagree 

sometimes justified. 

13 Jesus 

2 other 

1 strongly agree 

5 the Holy Spirit 

1 7 agree 

58 all of the above 

12. Jesus is the Son of God. 

38 disagree 

3 none of the above 

80 strongly agree 

39 strongly disagree 

1 other 

19 agree 

5 other 

January 1992 Messenger 25 

19. Jesus has the power to change the 
outcome of earthly events in answer to 

38 strongly agree 
44 agree 

8 disagree 

4 strongly disagree 

6 other 

20. Jesus would approve of women 

33 strongly agree 

54 agree 

6 disagree 

4 strongly disagree 
3 other 

21. Jesus would approve of married 

53 strongly agree 
47 agree 


strongly disagree 


22. You must believe in Jesus Christ as 
Savior to be a Christian. 

57 strongly agree 
3 1 agree 

8 disagree 

2 strongly disagree 

2 other 

23. It's my duty to tell others about 

47 strongly agree 

44 agree 

3 disagree 

1 strongly disagree 

5 other 

24. Everyone in the whole world needs 
to hear about Jesus. 

55 strongly agree 
36 agree 

6 disagree 

1 strongly disagree 

2 other 

25. Jesus was as much a human being 
as I am. 

43 strongly agree 
46 agree 

26 Messenger January 1992 

6 disagree 

2 strongly disagree 

3 other 

26. Jesus loves people of other faiths as 
much as he loves Christians. 

54 strongly agree 
42 agree 

2 disagree 

strongly disagree 

2 other 

27. Jesus loves people of no faith as 
much as he loves Christians. 

46 strongly agree 

47 agree 

5 disagree 

1 strongly disagree 

1 other 

28. If Jesus had wanted to, he could 
have made other decisions and not 
ended up dying on the cross. 

28 strongly agree 

40 agree 

1 9 disagree 

10 strongly disagree 

3 other 

29. Jesus really knew he was God's son 
while he was on earth. 

55 strongly agree 

4 1 agree 

2 disagree 

strongly disagree 
2 other 

30. There are other ways to salvation 
besides believing in Jesus. 

4 strongly agree 
16 agree 

36 disagree 

37 strongly disagree 

7 other 

31. If Jesus preached his message in 
the 20th century instead of the first, he 
would be dismissed as a crackpot. 

14 strongly agree 
41 agree 

29 disagree 

6 strongly disagree 
10 other 

Don't you hat 

by Bob Bowman 

Originally we asked Bob Bowman to 
write the reflection piece about the Jesu 
survey responses. He said he would 
rather write about the subject of survey i 
itself. We decided that was a refreshing 
idea and told him to go ahead. — Ed. 

Another questionnaire! This one abou 
Jesus. Doesn't it just fry you? Question- 
naires of this kind have one primary 
result. They cloud the issues. 

Someone, somewhere, thinks that 
some good purpose will be served by 
taking the religious pulse of the denomi 
nation. But for my part, I suspect that 
there is a special circle reserved in — 
well, at least purgatory — for the makers 
of this kind of questionnaire. 

The New Testament calls our faith a 
"mystery." That does not mean we are 
forbidden to probe, question, search, am 
study to understand. But Christology is 
so delicately nuanced that the simplistic 
questions on that questionnaire drive mi 

For example, one question asks 
whether I agree with the statement 
"Jesus was as much a human being as I 
am." Think about that a bit. I am being] 
asked to judge how human I am as well 
as the humanity of Jesus. If I disagree 
with that statement, am I saying that 
Jesus was a much more complete humai 1 
being than I am? Or am I saying that 
Jesus was more divine and therefore les 
human? Was Jesus less human or more i 
human than I? What does it mean to be H 
human, anyway? I know that the 
classical statement of the Christian 
creeds is that Jesus was fully human and 
fully divine. But am I fully human? i 

The next problem comes in deciding 
what it means to be human. Take sex, 
for instance. Of the folks responding tc 
the questionnaire, 90 percent believed 
that Jesus was just as much human as 
they were. Yet, only 58 percent were 


iese surveys! 

willing to say that Jesus had any "sexual 
feelings." If Jesus was as much human 
as they were, and if Jesus had no sexual 
feeling, does that mean that most human 
beings have no sexual feeling? Or that 
sexual feelings are not a part of human- 
ity? And what is meant by "sexual 
feelings?" It is all so confusing. 

Several questions ask for the same 
information in different ways. Look over 
the answers to these pairs of questions 
and you will find that sometimes folks 
don't even agree with themselves. For 
example, 33 percent of the respondents 
believed that Jesus liked some folks 
better than others. (What does the word 
"like" mean in this context?) 

hen the question was asked in another 
way. Did Jesus struggle with disliking 
others? Now 40 percent believed that 
Jesus struggled with disliking others. 
Maybe 7 percent of the folks changed 
their minds between question 5 and 
question 1 1 . Or maybe those 7 percent 
believe that Jesus disliked everybody 

Or take another: Can folk who do not 
believe in Jesus get to heaven? About 40 
percent of the respondents believed they 
might. But only 20 percent agreed that 
there are other ways to salvation besides 
believing in Jesus. Again, did 20 percent 
change their minds? Or is there that 
much difference between "get to 
heaven" and "salvation?" 

Practically every question is worded in 
such a pernicious way that no answer is 
satisfactory. Ninety-nine percent agreed 
with the statement "Jesus is the Son of 
God." One percent marked the response 
labeled "other." I love these one-percent 
mavericks. They are, like me, cautious 
souls who want to know what you mean 
before they leap in to agree or disagree. 

No one asked the obvious question: 
"What does this questionnaire mean by 
'Son of God'?" Plainly we cannot take 

the phrase literally as we do in human 
reproduction. If not literally, then what? 
For years, Bible students have asked 
what meaning "Son of God" has in the 
Bible. Their answers cover such a broad 
range that it is practically meaningless to 
say one believes Jesus was the "Son of 
God" without more careful definition of 
that phrase. 

One person wrote the comment on her 
paper, "Some questions were difficult to 
answer because they used words that 
mean something different to me (from 
their meaning for) the questionnaire's 
authors." Another wrote, "I am not sure 
my meaning of some words (i.e. "God's 
son") would be shared by most other 
people." Another wrote that "the 
questions are worded in ways that don't 
reflect my beliefs." 

The point is, what can it mean that 90 
percent believe Jesus is the Son of God 
if everyone means something quite 
different from the other respondents? 

Another hotly debated topic among 
biblical scholars these days is how much 
Jesus was aware of his own special 
place. Several intriguing books have 
been written recently on the self-con- 
sciousness of Jesus. It is another sign of 
the gap between scholarship and the 
general public that only 2 percent of 
respondents on this Jesus survey disa- 

greed with the statement "Jesus really 
knew he was God's son while he was 
on earth." Most of us have not been 
made aware of this current debate. Or, 
perhaps we have read all the relevant 
literature and have already reached our 

One thing ought to be perfectly clear: 
This questionnaire makes nothing clear. 
It in no way defines, establishes, or 
probes truth about Jesus. It does not even 
reflect much truth about the faith of the 
188 folks who responded to the question- 
naire. One person, for example, check- 
ing that he believed Jesus will come 
again, went on in a note to explain that 
what he meant was that Jesus already 
had come again at Pentecost. Others 
meant that Jesus will come again at 
some "end-of-time" event. Others 
believed that Jesus will come again at 
their own death. 

If all these folks, believing all these 
different things, can mark this question 
the same way, then the question is 
basically robbed of all meaning. 

The only statement in the question- 
naire that drew 100-percent agreement 
was "Jesus would approve of married 
clergy." I wonder if this reflects accurate 
biblical reading or general Protestant 


.y larger concern is not that this 
questionnaire is meaningless, but that it 
actually undercuts careful reflection on 
the nature of Jesus. The simplistic 
approach and the malicious wording of 
the questions destroy any thoughtful and 
well-balanced Christology. It tends to 
make us satisfied with brainless and 
banal cliches. This is not the same as a 
childlike faith. It is a confused and vapid 
faith that has neither relevance 
nor pungency. 


Bob Bowman is pastor of Pleasant Valley 
Church of the Brethren. Weyers Cave, Va. 

January 1992 Messenger 27 

(continued from page 24) 
gospel, 88 percent of the respondents 
said everyone in the world needs to hear 
about Jesus, and 91 percent said "It's my 
duty to tell others about Jesus." Brethren 
were slightly higher than the average on 
both counts. 

Brethren are historically accused of 
having a heavy strain of universalism in 
their genes. One wonders. Statement 15 
said, "People who do not believe in 
Jesus will not get to heaven." Sixty per- 
cent of the Brethren agreed, while only 
49 percent of our ecumenical brothers 
and sisters agreed. Only 20 percent of 
Brethren felt there were "other ways to 
salvation besides believing in Jesus" 
(compared to 50 percent of the United 
Church of Christ and 67 percent of US 
Catholic readers). 

w k 

'hat of our pietistic heritage? Ninety- 
six percent of Brethren respondents said 
they had a personal relationship with 
God, or Jesus, or the Holy Spirit, or all 
the members of the Trinity. Three per- 
cent said none of them, and 1 percent 
said "other." 

On the other hand, 6 percent of 
Brethren said they preferred to pray to 
other than any specific member of the 
Trinity, with 68 percent favoring God 
the Father or Creator, and 22 percent 
choosing to pray to Jesus. 

One other question seems directly 
related to piety: "When I have a tough 
decision to make, I think about what 
Jesus would have done in a similar 
situation." Ninety percent of the Breth- 
ren said "always, often, sometimes" — 
the highest average in the survey. Forty- 
three percent of those said "often," a 
total matched only by the American 
Baptists. And a surprise: 1 1 percent of 
US Catholic readers said "always" — 
higher than our Brethren nine percent. 

Brethren did reach 100 percent agree- 
ment (the highest percentage of any 
group) on the statement "Jesus would 
approve of married clergy." The average 
of all respondents was 97 percent and 
the Catholics were a surprise at 84 per- 
cent agreement. 

Women clergy was another matter. 

Eighty-seven percent of all those who 
answered said Jesus would approve of 
women clergy, which was exactly the 
Brethren average. The Disciples and 
Presbyterians were at 93 percent and the 
Catholics were an interesting 78 percent. 
With our encouragement to women to 
enter seminary, and with the number of 
qualified women pastors available, we 

Number 32 on the questionnaire 
was "For me the heart of Jesus' 
message is. . . ." Respondents 
gave a variety of answers: 

have some important thinking to do 
about this issue. Any denomination that 
believes in the priesthood of all believer; 
should show a higher percentage on this 

There were two issues of particular 
interest to Brethren, namely affirmations 
about the manner of Jesus' presence in 
the celebration of communion, and 

28 Messenger January 1992 

hether Jesus would justify war. 
The questionnaire said, "When 
hristians celebrate communion, Jesus is 
esent in 1 ) the community gathered, 2) 
e communion elements (bread and 
ine), 3) the act of partaking of the 
ements, or 4) other. The average 
sponse was 41 percent for the gathered 
immunity, with the Brethren rating a 

Take Hold of Your Future 

high 47 percent. But an astounding 21 
percent of Brethren said Jesus was in the 
communion elements and 28 percent 
suggested Jesus was present in the act of 
partaking the elements. And we are 
known as non-sacramentalists! 

At a recent People of the Covenant 
meeting in which persons were remem- 
bering love feast experiences, some were 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Barry, a freshman at McPherson College, and Dennis, incoming freshman in fall 
1992, with their parents Eldred and Leah Kingery. 

"One strong consideration in our family's move to McPherson in 1988 was the hope that 
our boys would be more likely to choose McPherson College as their college as we both did 
in the J 960s. However, the decision was theirs and we are pleased. McPherson College is 
more than just the campus, it is the entire community and beyond. " 

— Eldred '72 and Leah Standafer Kingery '65, 
McPherson, Kansas 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 


Yes, I want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 

* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 


Address . 


Phone L_ 

. State . 

. Zip . 

. Year of Graduation . 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, 
P.O. Box 1402, McPherson, KS 67460 or 
call collect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability 

amazed that others in the group, as 
children, were allowed to eat leftover 
communion bread. The reason they 
wouldn't think of such a thing? There 
was something "sacred" about the bread. 
Ah well, it's not the only place we are 

Question 18: "Jesus would believe that 
war is sometimes justified." Surely here 
we will shine, right? What do you think? 
Seventy-seven percent of the Brethren 
strongly disagreed — the highest of any 
group who answered. I'd say we showed 
our colors. But some would feel concern, 
I'm sure, that 18 percent agreed with the 
statement. Maybe we still have some 
work to do on this one also. But isn't it 
hopeful that there was a 41 -percent 
disagreement among all who answered? 
Maybe the message of the Prince of 
Peace is spreading. 

The final request asked respondents to 
write their own answer to "For me, the 
heart of Jesus' message is. . . ." Forty- 
one percent of the Brethren answers 
focused on God's love and loving one 
another. The percentage would be even 
higher if we included those answers that 
quoted John 3:16 or cited "love of God 
and love of neighbor." A significant 
number (21 percent) focused on repent, 
believe, accept God's love in Jesus, 
accept salvation from sin, and receive 
new life. Some of the responses were 
long. All seemed carefully considered. 
(See box at left for sample responses.) 


L hat's about it. What have we learned? 
Maybe Bob Bowman is right — nothing 
for sure. But observing the results of the 
survey gives us an opportunity for 
conversation and reflection about what 
we think the answers mean. That at least 
honors the effort of those who took the 
time to participate, and it gives us all 
something new to chew on. 

And even if we aren't exactly sure 
what others feel about Jesus, there's 
always the ultimate question left for all 
of us. You can read it in 
Matthew 16:15. 


Earle W. Fike Jr. is pastor of Stone Church of the 
Brethren. Huntingdon. Pa. 

January 1992 Messenger 29 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 


Recently I happened upon 
some information about 
pearls that intrigued me. In 
ancient Rome, only persons 
of high rank were permitted 
to wear pearls. This mys- 
tique surrounding the pearl 
as a symbol of perfection 
dates back to 1500 B.C. in 
the Orient. 

But what made the biggest 
impact upon me was a 
comment in the text stating 
that the pearl is the only gem 
made by a living process. 

That's true. We have 
diamonds, emeralds, rubies, 
sapphires — all resulting from 
minerals being subjected to 
tremendous heat and 
pressure. In contrast, the 
pearl is born as a result of a 
very simple little organism 
attempting to cope with pain. 

It starts with the accidental 
entry of foreign matter into 
the pearl oyster. Did you get 
those two key words? "Acci- 
dental" and "foreign?" The 
little oyster does not ask for 
this problem, it is not famil- 
iar with this irritant, and nei- 
ther expects nor deserves it. 

Did you ever get a grain of 
sand in your eye, a pebble in 
your shoe, or a splinter under 
your skin? It about drove you 
nuts, didn't it? Apparently 
the oyster feels the same 
way, because it spends the 
rest of its living days 
continuously attempting to 
reduce the irritation. 

It does this by covering the 

intrusion with a nacreous 
substance (the slimy stuff 
inside of mollusks). This 
nacreous substance consists 
primarily of calcium 
carbonate — the exact same 
compound that makes up 
chalk and over-the-counter 
antacids. So it's nothing rich 
or fancy or inherently 
valuable — just the same 
material we can find in 
abundance in limestone 
quarries anywhere. 

The pearl emerges as con- 
centric layers of the nacreous 
substance form around the 
irritant. There's another key 
word here — "concentric." 
The oyster is a persistent 
little creature. Day in, and 
day out, layer upon layer, 
hope upon hope, it keeps on 
keeping on and never ceases 
its efforts to cope. 

While this intrusive irri- 
tant might be a grain of sand, 
more often than not it is 
organic, not mineral, in 
nature — a parasite, or piece 
of bone, or a bit of sea 
pollen. And that is very 
significant, because an 
organic irritant will even- 
tually disintegrate, which 
means we're left with no 
clue as to what actually 
initiated the oyster's coping 
strategy. We know how the 
process works. We know that 
it is arduous and painful. We 
know that the end result is 
something breathtakingly 
beautiful. But we don't 

always know why. 

Another tidbit I picked up 
is that, if not worn in contact 
with the human body, pearls 
will lose their luster. They 
won't change in substance, 
and they won't become less 
valuable. They just won't 
shine anymore. 

The irony is incredible. To 
us the pearl is a precious 
gem symbolizing all sorts of 
mysterious powers and 
esoteric qualities such as 
perfection, royalty, beauty, 
integrity, holiness, wealth, 
purity, wisdom, and com- 
pleteness. To the little 
oyster, the pearl is simply a 
by-product of doing the best 
it can, with what it has. to 
cope with pain. 

The next time you find 
yourself wearily addressing 
the same unwelcome prob- 
lem that never seems to go 
away — feeling worn out, 
used up, and discouraged 
because you don't seem to 
be making progress; doubt- 
ing the existence of love, 
God, faith, friends, and 
everything that is good and 
true and holy because you 
can't figure out why — 
remember the little oyster 
and stop to consider that 
perhaps you have a 
pearl in process. 


Robin Wentworth App. is a 
therapist, from Nappanee, lnd. She is 
currently serving as interim pastor of 
the Nappanee Church of the 

30 Messenger January 1992 



JUNE 1992 

regular price $14.95 
pre-paid order price $13.50 

The text for "Holy Spirit, Come 
With Power" was written by Anne 
Rupp in 1969 for a Pentecost service 
at First Mennonite Church in 
Beatrice, Nebraska, where her hus- 
band was pastor. It has been 
published several times, most 
recently in the Adult Foundation 
Series, "Led By Word and Spirit." 

The tune is attributed to B. F. 
White in his collection printed in 
Philadelphia in 1844. The Sacred Harp 
continues to be used as a singing 
school book for annual southern 
music festivals. 

In September 1988, Becky 
Hershey and Bill Parry, Jr. were 
( married in the Lititz (PA) Church of 
ithe Brethren. Becky asked the adult 
choir to sing for the wedding. Joan 
Fyock, director of music ministries at 
the church, harmonized BEACH 
SPRING as the setting of a wedding 
text for that occasion. 

to order call 








Holy Spirit, come with power 


— r ~-T 




1 Ho-ly Spir - it, come with pow - er, breathe in - to our 

2 Ho-ly Spir - it, come with fi - re bum us with your 

3 Ho-ly Spir - it, bring your mes - sage, bum and breathe each 

m r i t i i f if I f p i f f 

* j. 





ach - ing night. We ex - pert you this glad ho - ur wait-ing 
pres -ence new. Let us as one might-y cho - ir sing our 
word a - new deep in - to our tir - ed liv - ing till we 

»p f i " rr i f f ^M 



* V 


f r i r-r r 


for your strength and light, 

hymn of praise to you. 
strive your work to do. 


We are fear 
Bum a - way 
Teach us love 

ful, we are 
our was - ted 

and trust -ing 

r f f f 

kMM r 

i J i I 




ail - ing we are weak and self - ish too. 
sad - ness and en - flame us with your love, 
kind - ness, lend our hands to those who hurt. 



Break up - 

Burst up - 

Breathe up - 




^ ' W i i 

on your con-gre - ga - tion, give us vig - or, life a - new. 
on your con-gre - ga - tion, give us glad - ness from a - bove. 
on your con-gre - ga - tion and in - spire us with your word. 

^ ! i f f f i f If f 


This hymn may be reproduced for one-time use by a congregation. 

Our name a stumbling block? 

I disagree with Curtis Kessler (October 
Letters, "Don't Change Our Name"). It 
would be a good idea at least to talk 
together about changing the name of our 
brotherhood . . . uh, denomination. After 
all, what confusion could possibly result 
from such discussions among that select 
group of mankind, the brotherhood of 
Brethren . . . which, of course, also 
means women. 
I celebrate with brother Curtis the 

legacy of his roots: "My family has 
been Brethren for four generations and I 
am proud of the name and of the 
Brethren heritage." In the King James 
version of the Bible, Matthew begins 
with these words: "The book of the 
generation of. . . ." For too long our 
denomination's story has begun "The 
book of the generations of 'heritage' 
Brethren. . . ." That has been our creed 
. . . uh, family rule and authority, as used 
by brother Curtis. 


Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint "Pontius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann, 111 Carter Road, Goshen. IN 46526. 

the church must increase its outreach 
to ft place plao-oed by pov/ectv, disease 


BBrCTJT' IB j?* V^ffiprffj^c 



iff; i IH 



a liberal arts c 
Christian fait! 
to faith, learn 
appreciation c 


Manchester College d( 
origin, sex, or handic: 
scholarship and loan ] 

iting Brethren Conn 

ollege within the Brethren tradition • 1 
i and intellectual integrity • a communi 
ing, and service • promotes an internat 
, respect for ethnic and cultural plurali 
)f the worth of every person • a value! 

Brethren Students For Over 




North Manchester, IN 
For information, call: (219) 982-5223 

>es not discriminate on the basis of marital status, religion, race, c 
p in administration of its educational policies, recruitment and at 
rograms, employment practices, and athletic or other college-spo 



ty committed 


>m, and an 


100 Years 

olor, national or ethnic 
[missions policies, 
nsored programs. 

Only problem is, the "heritage" folks 
aren't keeping up their end of the 
bargain. They have stopped having those 
large farm families of children who stay 
home and keep the baptizing ponds 
splashing. We are going to have to make 
room for the feelings of those outside thi 
heritage, for whom names such as 
Brethren and brotherhood may not be as 
clear as they are to a fourth-generation 
"heritage" Brethren. 

But, then, silly me! I have believed 
that our heritage taught us that the Spirit 
calls us to new insights and invites us to 
move together into newness. No creeds 
for us "heritage" folks! But, as one who 
is a ///^-generation convert, without the 
authority of the generations behind me, 1 
must have been mistaken. It seems as if 
the Spirit is free to lead us to new 
insights only so long as it doesn't 
trespass on our heritage. 

Michael Morrov 
Lafayette, Ind 

• The 20th convention of National 
Association of Parliamentarians passed i 
resolution that "Mr. Chairman" and 
"Madame Chairman" are correct terms 
(as opposed to "chairperson") and that 
"further efforts toward sex differentia- 
tion is redundant and contrived." 

Annual Conference Standing Commit- 
tee this past summer postponed action oi 
requests to consider changing the name 
of the denomination (August/September 
page 21). If some sisters believe that 
"Church of the Brethren" does not 
include them, that's their problem. 

"Brethren" is no more exclusive than 
"Methodist," "Baptist," or "Catholic' 

The opinions expressed here are no! necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive ther, 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should he brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letter- 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
letter, the writer' s name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

32 Messenger January 1992 

t's the name of the denomination, just 
is "chairman" is the title of an office. 
Vnd it includes everybody. 

M. Evelyn Young 
Beavercreek, Ohio 

} roud of Brethren on race 

read with interest the news about 
annual Conference action on Brethren 
nd black Americans (August/Septem- 
er, page 18). When I was pastor of 
Chicago's First Church of the Brethren 
1970-1977), I never felt that the 
enomination was intentionally racist, 
istitutionally. Indeed, I felt very good 
bout the Brethren (and the sisters, too). 

With First Church members, the 
istrict executive, and local pastors — 
tid at district meeting and Annual 
onference — I always felt comfortable 
eing Brethren and being among 
rethren. Memories of my ministry 
mong the Brethren remain positive. 

The love I found among the Brethren 
"ompts me to say. Brethren, don't be so 
ard on yourselves. Your many efforts to 
; color-blind have not gone unnoticed, 
ideed, your continued willingness to 
nprove your performance where race is 
ancerned makes me proud of you. 

Melvin Gray 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Jnhealthy activity' 

i response to JR Stockberger's Decem- 
er letter, "Are We a Plague?": I did 
bt say you are a plague, but this is a 
iague. I was referring to the unhealthy 
: :tivity in the "dialog room" at Annual 

1 1 do not believe that anybody voted 
•>r the 1983 Statement on Human 
exuality expecting that we would then 
rovide a room at Annual Conference 
>r homosexuals to promote the practice 
f sodomy. I perceive that this room is 
bt fostering healthy dialog where 
:>mosexuals are seeking to be minis- 
red to by the church. They are not 
eing helped to overcome a lifestyle that 
clearly forbidden by the Bible. 
| The homosexual lifestyle, further- 

Forward . . . seeking the mind of Christ 


Recently I was given a watch with the Alexander Mack seal on its face. There it 
is each time I check the time, a reminder of my commitment to live a sacrificial 
life devoted to Christ and to compassionate fruitbearing. There it is, the vision 
for our denomination — new hope and joy for our future together doing ministry 
that seeks the mind of Christ. 

Images are very important to our spiritual formation. The image we have of 
ourselves is the key to much of our behavior. We act in a certain way because of 
the way we see ourselves. 

In the early years of my marriage, Sunday dinners were usually at Mother 
and Dad Carter's table. Conversation around the table was stimulating, refresh- 
ing, and always positive. I'm sure the conversation was influenced by a plaque 
on the dining room wall. It read, "Nothing is good or bad but what thinking 
makes it so." Vision and images shape behavior as well as describe it. 

Alexander Mack's seal has long captured the imagination of our faith 
community. In its simple lines is an image of a lifestyle that is authentic, not 
only for the 18th century but for the 21st century as well. It is a vision for the 
kingdom lifestyle in a superficial world. Pursuing this radical vision of a 
sacrificial life devoted to Christ and compassionate fruitbearing is the heart of 
our call forward in spiritual renewal. 

How does our image of ourselves form the Church of the Brethren and keep 
us moving forward? The leaders of the early Brethren movement (people such as 
Alexander Mack, Peter Becker, Wilhelm Knepper, Christopher Sauer, and 
Johannes Naas) determined that one thing would be central to 

their vision — the mind of 

The sacrificial life de- 
compassionate fruit 
vision. We are becom- 
as many, many people 
tional leaders in prayer 
a.m. (see November, 
each other and for the 
seeking the mind of 

As we look toward the 
our faith community to pray 

voted to Christ and 
bearing is our formative 
ing a movement again 
join six denomina- 
every Monday at 7:30 
page 11). We pray for 
denomination's vision, 
Lenten season, we invite 
daily that a new vision will 

emerge to guide our global mis- sion and our urban ministry. We 

believe this sacrificial devotion to Christ will lead to fruitbearing that is in har- 
mony with the servant lifestyle of Jesus. Pursuing the radical vision will shape 
our vision as well as describe it. 

Our vision must be more powerful than the secular imagery of fear. The 
battle will be won or lost at the level of competing imageries. Alexander Mack's 
seal presents us with a simple and profound vision. A vision not only for the 
present, but for our future. — PHYLLIS CARTER 

Phyllis Carter, of Goshen, Ind., is the 1992 Annual Conference moderator. 

more, is declared to be unacceptable by 
our own Annual Conference decision. I 
have been told that any suggestion about 
this kind of change is strongly resisted 
by the homosexuals in the dialog room. 
They seem determined to lobby the 
church for acceptance of their lifestyle. 

If you are practicing sodomy, you 
need help. And we are not providing 
help if, by your contacts at Annual 
Conference you are being encouraged to 
continue in this sin. 

Surely this is not the unpardonable sin. 
But there can be no forgiveness or 

January 1992 Messenger 33 

deliverance as long as there is no sorrow 
or repentance. The way of redeeming 
grace is not different for homosexuals 
from the way for the rest of us sinners. 
Neither can we bypass our need for 
cleansing by engaging in a multitude of 
good works. 

My hope is that the church will find 
ways to have the redeemed voices of 
homosexuals join with the rest of us to 

Church Signs J^J^J7 

From the 



America's Church Sign Company 


From the 

Office of Human Resources. 


More than half of the Church of 
the Brethren congregations call 
part-time pastors to serve them! 
Have you considered re-locating 
to serve? Or in retirement, have 
you considered serving one of 
these congregations? 

For further conversations, contact 
your District Executive or Robert 
Faus, Consultant for Ministry, 1451 
Dundee Avenue. Elgin, IL 60120. 

proclaim the power of Christ to make us 
new creatures (2 Cor. 5:17). 

James F. Myer 
Lititz, Pa. 

Bigger is better 

I am a cover-to-cover reader of 
Messenger. I don't agree with some of 
the opinions expressed in the magazine, 
but that's all right. I appreciate the 

Please do not make the print smaller 
or print on colored paper. 

Violet Liskey 
Fresno, Calif. 

(You will be happy to know that in the 
October 1990 issue we began using a 
larger type size. And we haven't used 
any color inside the magazine since 
November 1986.— Ed.) 

The irony of anonymity 

I (and, apparently, a number of other 
denominational leaders) received a copy 
of a letter to the Messenger editor, 
appealing for journalistic integrity. But, 
ironically, the writer displayed a total 
lack of that quality by writing anony- 

How sad and tragic. As followers of 
Jesus, we need to be both confrontive 
and caring. 

The letter did prompt me to say, 

however, that I appreciate the present 
format of Messenger. Broader coverag' 
of denominational program, Brethren 
theological perspectives, brief personal- 
ity profiles, and congregational and 
regional happenings are just a few of th( 
features that make MESSENGER an 
effective communication channel for th< 
Church of the Brethren. 

Curtis W. Dubbh 
Lancaster. Pt 

Anti-creedal rumblings' 

Two 1 99 1 Annual Conference queries— 
"Religious Pluralism and Headship of 
Christ" and "The Nature of the Church" 
(August/September, page 18) — related t 
our Brethren "identity crisis." They 
appeared noncontroversial on paper, but 
anti-creedal rumblings were heard in the 
debate they stirred. 

Those queries came from the Brethrer 
heartland. We are in crisis. Popular 
Christianity is growing with evangelical 
zeal, while our identity crisis worsens. 

The two queries did not call for the 
adoption of a Brethren "creed." The 
wounded faithful just want to know whs 
it means to be Brethren. 

Precisely because we claim "no creed 
but the New Testament" it is imperative 
that we state positively what the New 
Testament means to us. 

Curtis C. Thi 
Paoli. In, 


TRAVEL— Grand tour of Europe and Israel (Holy Land). 
Fifteen days, July 21 -August 4, 1992. Visit Brethren sites in 
Europe. Jim Myer, devotional leader. For information con- 
tact Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr., 
Indianapolis, IN 46217, tel. (317) 882-5067, or James and 
Faye Myer, 170 W. Brubaker Valley Rd., Lititz, PA 17543, 
tel. (717)626-5555. 

TRAVEL— Don and Hedda Durnbaugh will conduct a Chris- 
tian Heritage tour to Europe (Jul. 18-Aug. 7, 1992). High- 
lights incl. medieval towns in Belgium, Calvin's birthplace 
and Geneva, Paris, walled city of Carcassone, dramatic 
Albigensian strongholds, Taize, historic Brethren sites 
(Schriesheim, Budingen, Schwarzenau, Surhuislerveen), 
and Anabaptist/Mennonite sites (Munster, Witmarsum, 
Amsterdam). Inclusive cost: $2,995. Tour arrangements by 
MTS Travel, 102 East Main St., Ephrata, PA 17522; tel. 
(800) 874-9330. For further info, and full brochure, contact 

34 Messenger January 1992 

tour leaders at (717) 367-1151, ext. 469. 

FOR SALE— 29-ft. Yellowstone trailer. Sleeps six. Excellent 
condition. Palms Estate Adult Retirement Park, Lorida, Fla. 
Two blocks from Brethren church. For more info, write to W. 
E. Crabill, Palms Estate Highland Co., Lorida, FL 33857. 

FOR SALE— Commemorative and customized church plates, 
T-shirts and sportswear made special for your church by 
Brethren family. Use for gifts, fund-raisers. Contact Dodd 
Studios, 2841 Belair Drive, Bowie, MD 20715. Tel. (301) 

WANTED— Family practice group in Harrisburg, Pa. area 
desires Board Certified/Board Eligible (BC/BE) physician to 
join. Emphasis on patient care and service. Competitive 
salary/benefits. Large patient population— newborns through 
geriatrics— no obstetrics. We are actively growing. Inter- 

ested parties, please call Vernne W. Greiner, 5 Willow d 
Park Rd., Mechanicsburg, PA 17055. Office tel. (717) 6? 
0202; home tel. (717)766-5474. 

WANTED— Qualified writers. Anabaptist Sunday schc 
curriculum for children to be published in September 19S 
Assignments available for March 1992-December 19? 
Write or call for application blank, sample session for, 
more information: Julie Garber, Brethren Press, 14< 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. Tel. (708) 742-5100 or (8d 

INVITATION— In Aflanta, Ga„ join Faithful Servant Chui 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a. 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail F 
and 1-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact pastor D 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796, or John and Debbie Hamn 
(404) 448-9092, 5584 Wilmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092 


ongregations may send names of 
ew members to Messenger, 
urning Points, 1451 Dundee 
ve., Elgin. IL 60120. To avoid 
uplication, please be sure that 
nly one person from your 
wgregation is sending us names, 
ew members should be from the 
ist 12 months only. 

gape, N. Ind.: A. J. & Linda 

assett, Virlina: Kim Parker, 
Marty Prillaman, Andrea 
Roop, David Adams 

ethlehem, Virlina: Carla 
Hodges, Steven Hurt 

ig Creek, S. Plains: Joe Cooper, 
Jason Robinson, Reed Tamer, 
Jarod & Amber Wright 

randts, S. Pa.: Gerald & Cheri 

rownsville, Mid-Atl.: Gregory 
Woods, Cathy Constable, 
Ginger Gates, Helen, Karen & 
Rusty Horning, Carroll & 
Janice Hutzell, Kenneth 
Edwards, Heidi Sowers, Earl 
& Dorothy Phillips, Susan & 
W. Bruce Payne. Aprii 
Zentmeyer, Rebecca 
Younkins, Galen Clipp 

enter, N. Ohio: Marge Au, Greg 

! Morris, Don Shankle 

odorus, S. Pa.: Cara Leiphart 

urryville, M. Pa.: Lynnette 

I Sollenberger 

ngltsh River, N. Plains: Ellen & 

Larry Pickeral 
llowship, Mid-Atl.: Jodi 
DeHaven, Michelle & Joshua 
Staubs, Sara Phillips, Vanessa 
ee Spring, S. Pa.: Amy Benner, 
Harold, Jayne, & Shari Book, 
Stacey Bowman, Marvin 
Brubaker, Yvonne Hepner, 
Mandy Shadel, Arlene 
Shields, Sue Smith, Andy & 
Nathan Wagner, Dina Zug 
eeport, 111. /Wis.: Melvin Miley, 
Ian Mitchard 

eiger, W. Pa.: Eric Shaffer, 
Virginia, Tina & Chris 
Yinkey, Eric Rittenour, 
Valerie Boughman, Nicole 
Shaulis, Heath Shieler, Amy 
McCoy, Justin Miller, Athena 
Evans, Betsy Sines, Betty 
:rmantown Brick, Virlina: 
Douglas & Terrie Spen cer, 
John & Delores Singleton 
ottoes. Shen.: Gloria & Larry 
Ayers, Chad & Gabriel 
Moyers, John Oates, Michael 
& Pamela Reisenberg, Roxy 
Saylor, Amy Simmons, 
Juanita Via 
lies Chapel, Virlina: Logan 

Bryant, Brad Campbell 
yser, W. Marva: Marcia & 
Harold Clark, Sherri French, 
Brenda Minshall, Kathryn 
Clay, Mindy Liller 
amersville. M. Pa.: Jayme 

:k Creek, N.Ohio: Angie 
Bolton, Eric Camarillo, Lori 
& Robert Watson, Liza Zigler, 
Neil Haughn, Chris Ritchie, 

Debbie & Jerry Wolfrum 

Lititz, Atl. N.E.: Sandra Enck, 
Jolyn Gibbel, Elizabeth 
Huber, Bemice Knox 

Little Swatara, Atl. N.E.: Ricki & 
Jennifer Bashore, Jennifer 
Weinhold, Jody & Joseph 
Reinhard, Spencer Kelly, 
Newman & Louise Silks, 
Blaine & Brenda Fessler, 
Audrey & Jeffrey Finkbiner 

Long Run, Atl. N.E.: Charles & 
Edith Sterling, Karen 

Mack Memorial, S. Ohio: Tom 
Hissong, Mike Leiter 

Maple Spring, W. Pa.: Beverly 
Blough, Brian Korber, Phillip 
& Martina Sanderson, Lizzeth 

Maple Grove, N. Ind.: Annette 
Berkey, Jim Garris, Mike & 
Diane Riley, Ron Stuckman 

North Liberty, N. Ind.: Francis 
Bolen, Mike Dzierla, Emily 
Klinedinst, Aweshare Oke 

Onekama, Mich.: Kim & William 
Maue, Ryan Pierson, Julia 
Graham, Beth & Megan 
Joseph. Greg, Rebecca & 
Scott Pries 

Osage, W. Plains: Wayne Barr, 
Nathan Egbert, Ray Huff, 
Linda Crumpacker, Kalen & 
Lance O'Toole 

Peru, S/C Ind.: Brenda, David, & 
Brianne Hartleroad, Greg & 
Dixie Conklin, Norwood & 
Peggy Hall, Elvin Myers, 
Patrick & Gerry Mooney, 
Kenneth Slater. Joseph Feazel, 
James, Kathleen, Trevor, & 
Shanna Hughes, Angela 
Hunter. Lynn Fultz, Jeffrey, 
Teresa, Nadia, Nicholas, & 
Rachel Staller, Jami Raber, 
Amy Ulshafer. Anthony 

Pine Creek, N. Ind.: Gwen 
Skinner, Beth Emmons 
Mangus. Jason Weiler, Floyd 
& Elaine LeCount, June 

Plum Creek, W. Pa.: Larry, 
Sylvia, Jamie, Adam, & 
Tammy Boyers 

Pyrmont, S/C Ind.: Gretel & 
Thomas Kulupka 

South Waterloo, N, Plains: Jeri 
Gronewold, David Lehman, 
Kristen Jo Overton 

Union Center, N. Ind.: Darian 
Weber, Gary Searer, Lenn 
Detwiler, Bonnie Kirkdorffer, 
Kelly Hackler 

Union Grove, S/C Ind.: Clarissa 
Hiestand, Gina Hertle, 
Heather Herron, Jessica 
Johnson, Gayla, Steve, Trisha, 
& Tonya Brasher, Lowell 
Williams, Cillis Campbell, 
Jackie Cline, David & Lois 

Uniontown, W. Pa.: Pam 
McElroy, Joyce & Fred 

Waterford, Pac. S.W.: Eric 
Mason, Sue, Tracy & 
Claudine Jumps, Dorothy 
Halsey, Margaret Kruszewski, 
Pearl Reed, Louise Long, 
Gladys Hampton, Mark, 
Sheila, Trever & Jenny 

Windber, W. Pa.: Brenda 
Killinger, Jackie Reese, 
Jeremy Kinsey, Joy Moore, 
Leroy Rummel f 

York-Madison Avenue, S. Pa.: 
Dennis Strawbridge, Mildred 
Gilbert. Connie, James, 
Joshua, & Jesse Venable, 
Karen & Selina Bliss, Kathy 
Ness, Hilda Walker. James & 
Gloria Baugher. Stacy 
Loucks, Richard Rishel 


Bartholomew, Paul, licensed Oct. 

12, 1991, Pipe Creek, S/C Ind. 
Bauer, James, ordained Oct. 12, 

1991, Mount Olivet, S. Pa. 
Benner, Michael, licensed Aug. 

22, 1991, Lost Creek-Free 

Spring, S. Pa. 
Broyles, Dewey, licensed Sep. 14. 

1991, Spruce Run, Virlina 
Coppernoll, Sue, licensed Jun. 15, 

1991, Mount Morris, Ill./Wis. 
Davidson, Jeffrey, ordained Aug. 

28, 1991, Lower Miami, 

S. Ohio 
McClure, Dennis, ordained Jun. 

15, 1991. Oakley Brick, 

Poole, Daniel, ordained Oct. 12, 

1991, Wabash, S/C Ind. 
Reimer, Judith Mills, licensed 

Sep. 14, 1991, Williamson 

Road, Virlina 
Shelton, Harry, licensed Sep. 14, 

1991, Mount Hermon, Virlina 
Stroup, Phyllis, licensed Oct. 12, 

1991, Logansport, S/C Ind. 


Branson, Merle, from secular to 

Paint Creek. W. Plains 
Clevenger, Tom, from other 

denomination, to Pleasant 

Valley, S. Ohio 
Copenhaver, William, from 

retirement, to Piney Creek, 

Finley, Jack, from secular to 

Lindsey, Pac. S.W. 
Foster, Chris C. from secular to 

Pleasant Dale, Virlina 
Hodson, Michael L., from Prince 

of Peace. S. Ohio, to The 

Brethren's Home. S. Ohio 
Lohr, Dennis, from Barren Ridge, 

Shen., to Easton, Mid-Atl. 
Meyers, Darlene, from Oakton, 

Mid-Atl., to Good Shepherd, 

Nation, Mark, from other denomi- 
nation, to Ladera, Pac. S.W. 
Rusk, David, from other 

denomination, to Donnels 

Creek, S. Ohio 
Swarms, Becky, from other 

denomination, to Hurricane 

Creek/Kaskaskia, Ill./Wis. 


Bowers, Eugene and Ora Lea, La 

Verne. Calif.. 50 
Burket, Edward and Helen. 

Mechanicsburg, Pa., 50 
Egbert, Claud and Hazel, 

McCune, Kan., 60 
Gibson, Robert and Eileen, North 

Manchester, Ind.. 50 
Giles, Herman and Ruth, Polo, 

111., 55 
Grove, Joe and Kay, South 

English, Iowa, 50 
Harvey, Phyliss and Homer, 

Modesto, Calif., 50 
Hinton, Frank and Flossie. Peru, 

Ind., 55 
Horner, Milo and Ruth, Carleton, 

Neb., 50 
Keller, Eugene and Wilma, 

Chambersburg, Pa.. 50 
Michael, Gordon and Gertrude, 

McCune, Kan., 50 
Miller, Henry and Mary, New 

Oxford, Pa., 65 
Mishler, John and Naomi, Peru. 

Ind., 50 
Sample, Harold and Esther, New 

Providence, Pa., 50 
Sciotti, A. J. and Darlyne, 

Windber. Pa., 55 
Sehman, Doral and Carmen, 

Dallas Center. Iowa, 50 
Selby, Ray and Anada, Waterford, 

Calif., 50 
Shafer, Oren and Mildred, 

Continental, Ohio, 60 
Shook, Ellen and Merlin, Aubum, 

Calif., 50 
Slump. Harry and Betty, Bremen, 

Ind., 50 
Spitler, Leo and Sarah, Flora, 

Ind.. 65 
Weiler, Irving and Esther, 

Continental, Ohio, 60 
Whitmer, Paul and Kathryn, 

North Liberty. Ind., 60 
Yazel, Jacob and Roena, 

Plymouth, Ind., 50 
Yingst, Kenneth and Sylvia, 

Plymouth, Ind., 50 


Adams, D. E.. 82. Wenatchee. 

Wash., Oct. 26, 1991 
Aker, Mary, 59, Plymouth, Ind., 

Oct. 10, 1991 
Armantrout, Mabel, 101. 

Modesto, Calif., Sep. 8. 1991 
Bowers, Daniel, 44, La Verne, 

Calif., Oct. 31, 1991 
Brannan, Margaret, 84, Carlisle, 

Pa.. Jan. 14, 1991 
Chase, Maud E., 85. Defiance. 

Ohio, Sep. 19. 1991 
Cooper, Beverline, 71, Martins- 
ville, Va., Sep. 8, 1991 
Cooper, George. 79. Martinsville. 

Va.. Apr. 6, 1991 
Druge, Forrest, 59, New Paris 

Ind., Apr. 29, 1991 
Duncan, Mary, 93, Pueblo, Colo., 

Aug. 15, 1991 
Dunning, Grace. 89. Wenatchee, 

Wash.. Oct. 29, 1991 
Eversole, Pearl, 87, Bremen. Ind., 

Aug. 3, 1991 
Fake, Lillie K„ 84, Annville. Pa.. 

Oct. 26, 1991 
Fralin, Homer, 64, Roanoke, Va.. 

Oct. 8, 1991 
Furnish, Harvey J., 84, Braden- 

ton, Fla.. Jun. 5. 1991 
Gehm, Irene, 75, Schwenksville, 

Pa., Sep. 2. 1991 
Gipe, Ethel M.. 82. York, Pa.. 

Nov. 1. 1991 

Good, Hester, 90, Brookville. 

Ohio. Oct. 20. 1991 
Greenlee, Hilda, 74. Waterford, 

Calif., Jul. 27, 1991 
Grose, Cecil H., 93. Wilmington. 

Del., Oct. 18, 1991 
Gross, Alfred, 65, Churubusco, 

Ind., Sep. 20, 1991 
Hass, Paul, 83, Peru. Ind.. Dec. 

18, 1990 
Hattaway, Ralph, 87, Bridge- 
water, Va., Sep. 17, 1991 
Heckman, Orlin, 80, La Veme, 

Calif, Oct. 8, 1991 
Hertzog, Edward, 90, Wenatchee, 

Wash., Oct. 15, 1991 
Hoffman, Martha E.. 98. 

Waterloo, Iowa, Oct. 5, 1991 
Holderead, Virginia, 74, Ply- 
mouth, Ind., Jun. 24, 1991 
Hoover, Mary, 86, Saxton, Pa.. 

Jun. 1, 1991 
Johnson, Alice, 76, Waterford, 

Calif., Jul. 20. 1991 
Keiper, Dewey, 93, Saxton, Pa., 

Sep. 11, 1991 
Landes, Bernard. 84, Weyers 

Cave. Va.. Jan. 4, 1991 
Lawyer, E. Adeline. 78, 

thurmont, Md.. Oct. 3, 1991 
Lichty, Wayne, 63, Carleton, 

Neb, Jun. 6, 1991 
Martin, Effie. 91. Waterford. 

Calif., Sep. 16, 1991 
Messer, Vernon, 82, Waterloo, 

Iowa, Jun. 21, 1991 
Messick, Melvin, 76. Middletown. 

Pa„Jun. 28, 1991 
Mundy, Dee C, 80, Linville. Va., 

Sep. 25. 1991 
Murray, Cordie, 97, Greenville, 

Ohio. Oct. 8, 1991 
Neff, Myrtle, 86, Nappanee, Ind., 

May 2, 1991 
Newman, Bertha, 87, Peru, Ind., 

Oct. 5, 1991 
Pearson, Maxine M.. 83, Koko- 

mo. Ind.. Oct. 1. 1991 
Peckover, Lila, 63. Buhler, Kan., 

Aug. 2, 1991 
Peitzman, Sarilla, 92, Dallas 

Center, Iowa, Oct. 29, 1991 
Pletcher, William, 83, Greens- 
burg, Pa., Sep. 18, 1991 
Rusmisel, Artie. 93. Harrisonburg, 

Va.. Oct. 19, 1991 
Seibert, Frankie, Bethel, Pa., Oct. 

25. 1991 
Shepherd, Max O., 7 1 . Manassas, 

Va., Sep. 29, 1991 
Snyder, Helen, 72, Elizabethtown. 

Pa., Jun. 29. 1991 
Stone, Myrtle, 83, Bassett, Va.. 

Oct. 11, 1991 
Stouder, Gladys, 94, Wakarusa, 

Ind., Mar. 25, 1991 
Stover, Nello C, 75, York. Pa.. 

Sep. 28, 1991 
Traux, Martha. 95, Walkerton, 

Ind., Sep. 22, 1991 
Triplet!, Edna, 90, Waterford, 

Calif., Jun. 2. 1991 
Vaniman, Orlin. 80. La Veme, 

Calif, Oct. 8, 1991 
Walthour, Mildred, 77, Greens- 
burg, Pa„ Jul. 14, 1991 
Wareham, James L.. 61, Martins- 
burg, Pa., Sep. 12. 1991 
Weyandt, Maurice, 47. Young- 
town, Pa., Sep. 23, 1991 
White, Ruthora. 84. Wilmington. 

Del., Sep. 29, 1991 
Worthington, Margaret, 66, 

Modesto, Calif., Jun. 28. 1991 

January 1992 Messenger 35 

Medals for our heroes 

Receiving credit where credit isn't due is a 
situation that goes as far back in my memory as 
fourth grade in the one-room country school I 
attended. The Home Demonstration Agent and 
Assistant County Agent had come out from town 
for our regular 4-H Club meeting. Each of us 
little urchins was supposed to have a completed 
home project in evidence. 

One by one the projects were examined by 
the agents, with appropriate questions asked and 
admiration and praise voiced. Dorothy had 
brought, as her project, a homemade sewing box, 
covered with padded fabric and featuring a pretty 
embroidered design on the lid. All of us knew 
doggone well that the likes of Dorothy never 
produced that box. But she was brazen and we 
were not. We sat in silence and watched with 
narrowed eyes as she lied through her teeth when 
the agents, with good cause, inquired about the 
matter. She got the prize, whatever it was, and 
the rest of us were fried by the injustice done to 
us and our own sweat-drenched efforts. 

A few years back I felt as sneaky as Dorothy 
should have felt when, as a reporter accompany- 
ing a Brethren tour group to Poland, I allowed 
myself to accept a pretty medal from the Polish 
Minister of Agriculture. We all got a medal, right 
down the line. The occasion was the 30th 
anniversary of the Church of the Brethren/Polish 
Agricultural Exchange. In my case, I had done 
nothing to warrant any medal. I just happened to 
be there. No one asked me, "What have you done 
for Poland lately?" 

Small wonder that I keep my medal in my 
desk drawer, rather than on a little easel atop my 
office credenza. I had been no hero. 

But apparently there were heroes aplenty in 
the Persian Gulf war, which started just a year 
ago this month. The Pentagon announced recently 
that it will award over five million medals to 
military personnel and civilians — everyone even 
remotely connected with the war, from cannon- 
eers to cooks to comedians. 

This proliferation of medals obviously is part 
of the administration's strategy of marketing a 
war that was a cynical political game from day 
one. As one Marine Corps captain, disgruntled by 
this cheapening of the awards system, put it, "It 
seems to be, 'Here's a war. Quick! Let's hand out 
a lot of medals because we don't know when 
we'll get to do this again.' " 

Well, unlike on my Poland junket, I wasn't 
there, so I won't be getting a Desert Storm medal 

that I can fling back in someone's face, to make a 
protest statement. 

I did wonder, however, what it would be like 
if we awarded medals to those who have stood up 
for beliefs that are in opposition to war and the 
taking of human life, to those who risked — and in 
some cases, gave — their life rather than let the 
state's demands take priority over religious 

What medal might we have struck for the six 
Solingen Brethren, who in 1717 were sent to 
prison in Jiilich. Germany, for refusing to deny 
their Brethren faith? How about a special medal 
for Johannes Naas, who, under torture, refused to 
join the Prussian army, claiming he already had a 
captain — the Prince Immanuel? 

Surely printer Christopher Sauer Jr. should 
be decorated for the arrest and torment he was 
subjected to during the Revolutionary War, for 
allegedly being a traitor to the American cause. 

And of course, we can't forget peace martyr 
John Kline of Civil War times, or his marvelous 
definition of patriotism: "My highest conception 
of patriotism is found in the man who loves the 
Lord his God with all his heart and his neighbor 
as himself. Out of these affections spring the 
subordinate love for one's own country; love 
truly virtuous for one's companion and children, 
relatives and friends; and in its most comprehen- 
sive sense takes in the whole human family." 

The peace medals proliferate as we remem- 
ber the conscientious objectors who suffered in 
World War I, when Brethren leaders faltered in 
their support. And we remember the men who 
entered Civilian Public Service in World War II, 
the alternative service workers of the 1950s and 
'60s, and the draft resisters of the Vietnam War 
era. We especially remember Brethren Volunteer 
Service workers Chandler Edwards, killed in 
Laos in 1969 (see page 14), and Ted Studebaker, 
killed in Vietnam in 1971. 

Finally, let's reserve some medals for the 
conscientious objectors of the Persian Gulf war, 
many of whom are in prison at this writing (see 
pages 15-20). 


f course, these medals for our heroes will 
never be awarded. Instead, five million medals 
will adorn the heroes of Desert Storm. Our heroes 
march to a different drummer. And, in lieu of a 
medal, they receive a priceless citation: "Well 
done, thou good and faithful servant." — K.T. 

36 Messenger January 1992 

9 9 2 


Truly I tell you, just as you did it to one of the least of these who are members of my family you did 
to me." This is Jesus' statement of the need for Christians to serve those who are downtrodden and 
ppressed. An act given to any of his people is felt by Jesus himself. Come join others from around 
e Country as they put to practice the words of Jesus. Expand your faith and understanding of 
?ople, as you serve others who are truly in need. 


bu'll meet others your own age from all across the United States who, like yourself, want to help 
hers. Working as a team will give you plenty of opportunity for fellowship and good times. You 
in't help but make lasting friendships as you come together in this exciting environment! It's a 
nique opportunity of fun, fellowship, and friendship! 

evelop a new understanding of the scriptures as you reach out and share your faith with people 
ho so desperately need it. You'll gain deep satisfaction at seeing how you've made a difference in 
eir lives and how they appreciate your help. It will also be a time of discovery as you share 
mmon experiences with others at these unique locations. These workcamps will give you a 
ntastic opportunity to share the love of Jesus in a practical and exciting way. 

Work camps will be held at these exciting locations! 

•Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico (June 15th-21st) 

• Castaner, Puerto Rico (]une 22nd-28th) 

• Chicago, Illinois (July 13th-19th) 

• Broken Bow, Oklahoma (July 20th-26th) 

• New Windsor, Maryland (July 27th-August 2nd) 

• Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (August 3rd-9th) 

• Keyser, West Virginia (August Wth-16th) 

for further information tontatt: 
Donnie Flora, Coordinator 
Church of the Brethren Offices 
1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, IL 60120 
(800) 323-8039 





We still share many things as broth 
Our room, activities and the joys of 
gardening, just like we did at home. 

[ lived on a farm and had alot of I 
Today, at 99 I still am having fun 
ticipating in many planned activiti 
which bring back wonderful menu 

Living by the woods we can enjoy nature at its best. This is a 
community of caring and support. At our age we don't think it 
gets any better than this! 


Beautiful rural campus convenient to shop- 
ping and recreation. Retire to a comfortable, 
secure community offering lifestyle choices to 
fit your needs. Accredited by the Continuing 
Care Accreditation Commission of the 
American Association of Homes for the Aging. 


Continuum of care includes: 

• Cottages 

• Apartments 

• Personal Care 

' • Intermediate Nursing 

• Skilled Nursing 

Visit our community to see how affordable and exciting retirement living can be! 

2990 Carlisle Pike, P.O. Box 128 
New Oxford, PA 17350 

(717) 624 2161 

Carl E. Herr, President 






■ /I Church of the Brethren February 

Phyllis Carter 

Moderator with a towel 


Say what you may about "Elgin" (putting it in quotation marks 
is the best attempt I can make to approximate the emphasis put 
on the word when snorted by a critic of General Board staff), 
there are some benefits to working there. This may sound 
startling, coming from a Virginia boy who, while he doesn't 

snort "Elgin," does plaintively refer to himself as an 
"exile in Illinois." 

One of the benefits of working at the Church of 
the Brethren General Offices is having access to 
interesting bits of information about the worldwide 
program of the denomination that don't get filtered 
down to the folks in the congregations. Not that we 
suppress that information. It's just that we have to 
be selective in what we print, because of space 
limitations and the need for balance in representing 
the total program of the Brethren. Let me give you 
an example: 

In the November Messenger (page 10) we ran a 
report on the work of Lester and Esther Boleyn, Brethren 
workers in Nairobi, Kenya, who are helping to translate the 
Bible into the Nuer language of Sudan. For the sake of that 
aforementioned balance, it wouldn't do to run another report so 
soon. Yet, here on my desk appears an interesting bit of infor- 
mation about the Boleyns' work. I thought it noteworthy, but 
how can I sneak it into Messenger? Oh! I will just work it into 
"From the Editor"! Here it is: 

From the Boleyns: "We have completed another 1 1 percent 
of the Old Testament (in 1991 ) for a total of 29 percent comple- 
tion. Only 10 books remain undrafted, but they are the most 
difficult ones — from Job to Daniel. We should be able to 
complete another 6 books in 1992 and get at least 5 of the 
remaining 10 drafted. Be in prayer also that our translation 
team continues to receive holy inspiration, because this work 
requires it in large measure." 
See? That's what I mean. 

al/A^vt&Hj vA&?7oa<<U#ri/ 

COMING NEXT MONTH: Easter inspiration and a piece about 
the new hymnal that Brethren will see this summer. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Suellen Shively 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radclitf 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast, Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer; Illinois/Wiscoi 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana, L& 
Holderread; Michigan, Marie Willoughb 
Mid-Atlantic, Ann Fouts; Missouri, Mar 
Greim; Southern Missouri/Arkansas, Mi 
McGowan; Northern Plains, Pauline Floi 
Northern Ohio, Sherry Sampson; Southe 
Ohio, Shirley Petry; Oregon/Washingtor 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Southwt 
Randy Miller: Middle Pennsylvania, Peg 
Over; Southern Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. 
Gleim; Western Pennsylvania, Jay Christ 
Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Virlina, Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains, Dean Hummer 
West Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication oft 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as secor 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, I 
1, 1984. Messenger is a 
member of the Associated 
Church Press and a subscrib 
to Religious News Service a 
Ecumenical Press Service. 
Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individual 
rate, $10.50 church group plan, $10.50 % 
subscriptions. Student rate 75tf an issue, 
you move, clip address label and send w 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. All 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 11' 
times a year by the General Services Cor 
mission. Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgi 
111., and at additional mailing office, Feb 
ruary 1992. Copyright 1992, Church of I 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-03f 
POSTMASTER: Send address change 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, II 




i Touch 2 

lose to Home 


5WS 6 

orldwide 10 

epping Stones 


>rward . . . Seek 

ing the 

Mind of Christ 


ixed Reviews 


:tters 26 

pinions 27 

>nt ins" Puddle 


Liming Points 


Hitorial 32 


ver. 12-15: J. Tyler Klassen 

>3: Phyllis H. Crain 

pper left. 5: Phil Smith 

}wer: Christy Lombardo 

:ft: Olan Mills 
atin America/Caribbean office 

jp: Religious News Service/Reuters 

ottom right: Kermon Thomasson 
National Council of Churches 
Brethren Historical Library and 


Some surveys improve with age 1 1 

After more than four decades away from his survey data, 
scholar Roscoe Hinkle is providing a look at Brethren young 
adults of 1943. Special Report by Don Fitzkee. 

Phyllis Carter: Moderator with a towel 12 

The 1992 Annual Conference moderator will place emphasis 
on the Brethren as a servant people. Personality profile by 
Frank Ramirez. 

A more decisive word from CPC? 16 

Reports H. Lamar Gibble, the Prague-based Christian Peace 
Conference is redefining its purpose in a world with no Iron 
Curtain and now no Soviet Union. 

How to revive your Sunday school 22 

Phyllis H. Crain tells how little Mill Creek church achieved a 
30-percent increase in Sunday school attendance. 

How can you make your Sunday school grow' 7 See page 22. 

February 1992 Messenger 1 



Kids with AIDS 

It looked like a scene that 
takes place in a thousand 
classrooms every day. Except 
for one difference. These 
students weren't catching up 
on their sleep or passing 

Kaylene Scholl plays with her foster son Jose. She has cared 
for 16 different children, four of whom had AIDS. 

notes to each other. Instead 
they were listening with rapt 
attention, as if their very lives 
depended on the information 
being presented. 

And well they might. 

For this discussion was 
about AIDS, and the guest 
lecturer, Kaylene Scholl, was 
telling the teens how they 
could avoid becoming 
infected with the virus. 
Instead of suggestions about 
safe sex and condoms, 
however, Kaylene stressed 
that the only foolproof way to 
avoid AIDS was to postpone 
sexual activity and to stay 
away from illicit drugs. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to "In 
Touch." Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. 

In addition to educating 
teens about AIDS prevention, 
Kaylene, 25, also speaks to 
church and community 
groups, presenting the facts 
about AIDS and trying to 
deal with the fears that 
surround the deadly disease. 

"I feel called to educate 
people about AIDS," 
Kaylene says. "I want to be a 
resource to the church and the 

Kaylene works under the 
auspices of KANELLA 
Place, an organization 
dedicated to caring for 
children with AIDS and 
providing AIDS education. 
KANELLA is an acronym for 
"Kids with AIDS Need 
Eternal Life, Love, and 

Kaylene was influenced by 
her parents, who were the 
first foster couple in Pennsyl- 
vania to care for children 
with AIDS. She left another 
career to work with 
KANELLA and to become a 
single, foster mom. She has 
cared for 1 6 different 
children, 4 of whom had 

representative, Kaylene has 
spoken in several states and 
attended conferences dealing 
with pediatric AIDS. Her 
work includes connecting 
with other Christian organiza- 
tions working with AIDS. 
Recently she was honored by 
the US Health and Human 
Services Department in 
Washington, D.C., for her 
pioneering work. 

Kaylene's church, ACTS 
Covenant Fellowship, a new 
Church of the Brethren group 
in Lancaster, Pa. (see May 
1991, page 37), welcomes her 

children. She helped the 
congregation draw up a 
church nursery policy to 
prevent the spread of AIDS. 

Under that policy, each 
child is handled with the 
precautions needed for an 
HIV-positive one. Nursery 
attendants use gloves when 
changing diapers. Each 
child's cup or bottle is 
labeled with the child's name, 
and toys are washed in 
Clorox after each service. 

A poster in Kaylene's 
office carries verse 4 from 
Psalm 37: "Delight thyself in 
the Lord and he shall give 
thee the desires of thine 
heart" (KJV). 

"I believe that promise," 
Kaylene says, noting that her 
work fulfills a long-standing 
dream. At the same time, she 
rejects the idea that she is 
doing anything unusual. 

"God has called every 
Christian to ministry," 
Kaylene says with convic- 
tion. "He has called me to 
work with children with 
AIDS." — Nancy Witmer 

Nancy Witmer is a freelance 
writer, from Manheim, Pa. This 
article is adapted, with permission 
from Christian Living, October 

World steward 

Interaction with young adults 
from different countries was, 
for Zandra Wagoner, the 
highlight of her time spent it 
Geneva, Switzerland. 

The Bethany Seminary 
student from La Verne, 
Calif., served recently as 
a steward at a World 
Council of Churches (WCC) 

2 Messenger February 1992 

Central Committee meeting 
at the council's Geneva 
Nominated by youth and 

young adult ministries staff 
Chris Michael, Zandra 
worked in the press room and 
helped to circulate copies of 
meeting documents to the 
press team. She was able to 
observe the work of the 
Central Committee, although 
she did not interact directly 

with its members. 

The stewards, from 33 
countries, spent time telling 
each other about themselves 
and discovering their 
differences and similarities. 
This gave Zandra an appre- 
ciation for the role of young 
adults in other lands and 

"Young adults possess an 
energy, enthusiasm, and hope 
that are important in the 
world," she explained. 

It's a Good thing 

"I like to experience different 
things as much as I can," says 
Randy Good, a senior at the 
University of La Verne. 

Randy, a member of the 
Pomona (Calif.) Fellowship 
Church of the Brethren, has 

proven this with his double 
major in biology and English, 
and by participating in 
numerous activities both on 
and off campus. 

One of Randy's special 
interests is the environment. 
"When I was younger, I 
thought of it as 'Don't 
mistreat my home.' Now I 
see the whole world as my 
home." He says that taking a 
course in environmental 
biology has really opened 
his eyes. 

Every Wednesday, Randy 
teaches children in kindergar- 
ten through eighth grade at 
Chapman Ranch School, in 
Mount Baldy, a school where 
children from area elemen- 
tary schools go to leam more 
about the environment. 
"That's where I'm doing the 
most," he says. 

Randy has also participated 
in environmentally oriented 

La Verne senior Randy Good combines interests in environmental issues and language skills. 
He spent time in Japan in 1990-1991 , studying that country's language and culture. 

organizations such as 
California Trout and National 
Defense Resource Council. 
Action is important to him: 
"If we're not willing to adjust 
our lifestyle, there's no point 
in saying (about the environ- 
ment), 'Gee, that's too bad.' " 

Names in the news 

William Eberly, professor of 
biology and director of 
environmental studies at 
Manchester College, has 
published a book titled The 
Complete Writings of 
Alexander Mack. It contains 
the latest translations of all 
the known writings of the 
Brethren pioneer. Also 
included is a facsimile of the 
only known letter written by 

• Sherlo Shively, a mem- 
ber of Bakersfield (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren, 
received the Layman of the 
Year Award from the 
Spiritual Aims Committee of 
Kiwanis for the district of 

• Magee Wilkes, pastor of 
East Valley Church of the 
Brethren, Mesa, Ariz., has 
pubjished a book titled The 
Seasons of God's Grace. 
Magee writes a weekly col- 
umn for a Mesa newspaper. 

• David Waas, retired 
professor of history at 
Manchester College, has 
been honored by the estab- 
lishment of the David A. 
Waas Research Award. The 
award will be given annually 
for the best research paper on 
African history or African- 
Americans in the United 

February 1992 Messenger 3 

That's a lotta doughnuts 

Women at Hope Church of 
the Brethren, near Freeport, 
Mich., made 68 dozen 
doughnuts to meet the 
demand at the congregation's 
Fall Festival in October. 
Profits from the doughnut 
sales, along with sales of 
quilted items, soup, candy, 
sausage, cider, baked goods, 
and craft items amounted to 
over $4,000. The money was 
donated to Habitat for 
Josephine Laycock (see In 

of stuffed sausage, sauer- 
kraut, noodle soup, bread, 
apple butter, pie, and cider, 
and eager to snap up bargains 
in food and craft items. 

An unsegregated Sunday 

"Sunday morning is the most 
segregated time in America," 
said Walter Blalark, during 
an October sermon at 
Highland Avenue Church of 
the Brethren, in Elgin, 111. 
Pastor of Living Gospel 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home," Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 1L 60120. 

Peg France, Chris Hamilton, and Jeanie 
Gardner helped prepare 68 dozen 
doughnuts for Hope church' s festival. 

Touch, July 1990), an 84- 
year-old Hope member, sells 
craft items year-round to 
benefit Habitat. By festival 
time she already had raised 
$ 1 , 1 00 for the cause. 

Hope's festival has been a 
local fixture since 1978, 
attracting visitors from miles 
around, hungry for that lunch 

Church, in Elgin, a primarily 
black congregation, he was 
contrasting that statement 
with what he saw in front of 
him — the first combined 
worship service of his church 
and Highland Avenue, where 
Living Gospel worships 
every Sunday evening. 

While Living Gospel's 60 
or so members were outnum- 
bered by the host congrega- 
tion, their spontaneous, 
fervent style of worship 

enlivened the gathering. The 
service combined elements 
from both congregations' 
traditions and was led by 
Walter Blalark and Highland 
Avenue pastor Paul Roth. 

Y'all come by, hear? 

Two more hours to Rich- 
mond, and you need a break 
from driving. Mount Vernon 
Church of the Brethren, near 
Waynesboro, Va., is waiting 
for you! 

This congregation is 
offering a hospitality stop for 
1992 Annual Conference- 
goers. On June 29 and 30, 9-3 
p.m., you are welcome to rest 
at the church and enjoy 
beverages, pastries, and fruit. 
If you have time for tourist 
spots, the Mount Vernon 
folks have suggestions and 
directions available. 

Take the Waynesboro exit 
off 1-8 1 at Staunton, onto I- 
64. Exit 1-64 at Waynesboro, 
onto US 340. Go west three 
miles to State Route 635, 
from which point you can see 
the church. If you get lost, 
call the church, at (703) 943- 
8101. After your break, take 
1-64 on to Richmond. 

This and that 

Chiques Church of the 
Brethren, Manheim, Pa., has 
accepted an invitation from 
Southern Plains District to 
enter a four-way partnership 
with the Roanoke (La.) 
Church of the Brethren, 
Southern Plains District, and 
the General Board to plant a 

4 Messenger February 1992 

new church in Louisiana. 

• Manila Church of the 
Brethren, Copemish, Mich., 
and Lakeview Church of the 
Brethren, Brethren, Mich., 
began operating food pantries 
in November, serving 62 
destitute families. Each 

congregation had its pantry 
open again in December and 
planned to be open one day a 
month thereafter. 

• Sebring (Fla.) Church of 
the Brethren held its 74th 
annual Bible Conference 
January 19-25, with Guy 
Wampler, pastor of Hagers- 
town (Md.) Church of the 
Brethren, as the guest 

• Camp Bethel, near 
Fincastle, Va., had as its 1991 
summer project "Children 
Helping Children," a feature 
of the "Olive Branch" 
campaign to provide aid to 
victims of the gulf war (see 
October 1991, page 8). 
Campers brought items to 
create 203 health care kits 
and donated $1,326 to the 
project as well. Sunday 

school classes and Vacation 
Bible Schools across Virlina 
District added 445 kits and 
$696.19 to the project. 

• Kansas City (Kan.) 
First Central Church of the 
Brethren has installed a chair 
lift in the entrance of the 
church for the use of people 
who cannot negotiate the 

• Virlina District's 8th 
annual Hunger Auction 
netted a record $33,000, 
including $4,500 raised from 
a 75-mile bike trip and over 
$2,000 from a hunger walk. 

• The Bittersweet Gospel 
Band and pastor Gilbert 
Romero, of Bella Vista 
Church of the Brethren, Los 
Angeles, Calif., toured the 
Puerto Rico Church of the 
Brethren congregations in 

• North County Church of 
the Brethren, San Marcos, 
Calif., has broken ground for 
its meetinghouse, eight years 
after the new church was 
planted. The new structure 
will comprise a sanctuary, 
kitchen, nursery, two class- 
rooms, pastor's office, 
conference room, and a 
storage room for Loving 
Hands SERRV Gift Shop, 

a ministry of the congrega- 
tion. (See "Some Plantings 
That Rooted," May 1991, 
page 33.) 

• Arlington (Va.) Church 
of the Brethren, as an 
evangelism ploy, maintained 
a booth at the 4-day Arling- 
ton County Fair last August. 
The booth featured a Breth- 
ren logo banner, a flier on the 
congregation, and the 
Brethren video "By the 
Manner of Their Living." 

• Camp Mardela, near 

Denton, Md., is selling a 
Nashville-produced cassette 
tape of old-time camp song 
favorites, recorded at Easton 
(Md.) Church of the Breth- 
ren. (Remember "Kooka- 
burra" and "Sarasponda"?) 
Profits go to camp improve- 
ments. For the $10 tape, call 
Pat Ecker at (410) 479-3565, 
or write Camp Mardela, P. O. 
Box 460, Denton, MD 21629. 
• La Verne (Calif.) Church 
of the Brethren thinks it 
perhaps set a record for 
members of one congregation 
attending Annual Conference, 
with 99 La Verne folks at 
Portland '91. Anyone care to 
dispute that, or outdo La 
Verne at Richmond '92? 

Campus Comments 

Bridgewater College's 

Student Council on Religious 
Activities (SCRA) donated 
$916 to the Bridgewater 
Inter-Church Food Pantry for 
Thanksgiving food distribu- 
tion in November. 

• Bethany Theological 
Seminary inaugurated "All 
Campus Workday" last fall. 
Students who receive the 
Church of the Brethren full- 
tuition scholarship are 
required to do community 
service on the campus. The 
workday is an opportunity for 
students to earn hours while 
working alongside seminary 
faculty and staff. 

Bethany student Chris Whitacre and seminary president 
Wayne Miller varnish a ceiling during All Campus Workday. 

February 1992 Messenger 5 

Brethren surgeon leads 
medical team to Iraq 

"We impacted some lives, I'm sure," 
said Harold Forney, an orthopedic sur- 
geon and member of the San Diego 
(Calif.) Church of the Brethren. Forney 
led a surgical team to the Kurdish area 
of northern Iraq in November. 

His team, including operating room 
nurse Rosemary Lohlein and orthopedic 
technician Jo Markland, performed nine 
operations and saw 68 patients in 10 
days of work in the city of Diyana. Pa- 
tients included several people with "old 
trauma," or old injuries that were never 
treated or needed further treatment. 

The team also operated on a 16-year- 
old boy who stepped on a land mine and 
suffered acute injuries to his foot. The 
area is still a war zone, Forney said, and 
blast injuries occur regularly. 

They worked at a government hospital 
in Diyana and lived at the homes of As- 
syrian Christians, who Forney said make 
up about 10 percent of the population. 
The hospital is well-supplied because of 
efforts of the US military and previous 
visits by foreign medical teams, Forney 
said, but the staff does not know how to 
use much of the equipment and the 
building is not clean. There was a "pret- 
ty low level" of care given, Forney said. 
"Some of the work we saw done was 
pretty shocking." 

Forney's team went to Iraq under 
Southwest Medical Teams, a Christian 
disaster response and medical relief 
organization. Forney serves on South- 
west's board and had received the sug- 
gestion for the visit from some US Air 
Force surgeons who were concerned 
about the lack of orthopedic care in 
Diyana and their inability to help. 

The Kurdish area is secured by United 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church of the Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not 
necessarily represent the opinions of Messenger or 
the Church of the Brethren. 

Nations and coalition forces, including 
US military forces, and is cut off from 
the rest of Iraq, Forney said. Fighting 
continues at the border of the "security 
zone" between Kurdish rebels and gov- 
ernment troops, and Iraq has instituted 
an embargo of the area. 

Forney's team was hosted by a US 
Army contingent on crossing into the 
security zone from Turkey, and received 
help from them in the form of supplies 
and transportation by Army helicopter. 
"My impression of the US Army has 
changed," he said. "These men (line of- 
ficers) were really concerned about the 
Kurdish people." 

The team also worked with the United 
Nations High Commissioner for Refu- 
gees, which coordinates activities of the 
many relief organizations there. "To the 
best of our knowledge, we were the only 
(non-military) Americans in the entire 
area," Forney said. 


Christian Peacemaker Teams Conference: 

"Faces of the Victims and the Arms of 
Oppression" in Richmond, Va., March 6- 
8 [contact Barbara McCann, 7612 Wany- 
mala Rd., Richmond, VA 23229; (717) 

1992 Regional Youth Conferences at Eli- 
zabethtown College, Elizabethtown, Pa., 
March 28-29; McPherson College, Mc- 
Pherson, Kan., April 3-5; Bridgewater 
College, Bridgewater. Va., April 4-5; 
Manchester College, North Manchester, 
Ind., April 24-26; University of La Verne. 
La Veme, Calif., August 1-6 [contact dis- 
trict youth advisors or the Youth 
Ministries Office, (800) 323-8039]. 

Church of the Brethren study group to ex- 
amine Latin American reality in light of 
the 500th anniversary of Columbus' ar- 
rival in the Americas, Quito, Ecuador, 
April 24-May 4 [contact the Latin Ameri- 
ca/Caribbean office, (800) 323-8039]. 

Young Adult Workcamp in Richmond, 
Va.. June 22-29 [contact Don Flora, (800) 

Second 1992 Nigeria Workcamp July 15- 
August 18 [contact Mervin Keeney, (800) 

Sexual harassment policies 
protect students, employees 

Bethany Seminary's trustees made a trial 
sexual harassment policy a part of the 
school's official policies and procedures 
at their fall meeting. The Church of the 
Brethren General Board has also recent- 
ly updated a sexual harassment policy 
that was originally instituted in 1987. 

Both policies refer to regulations is- 
sued by the Equal Employment Opporu* 
nity Commission forbidding sexual har- 
assment in the workplace. The seminary; 
policy adds that "an academic institution 
comprises a unique 'workplace' in whicl 
students must also be accorded all of the 
protection provided for those employed 
by the institution." 

Disciplinary actions in the seminary 
policy range from an informal reprimand 
to dismissal for non-physical sexual har- 
assment, and a range of penalties from a 
formal reprimand to suspension or dis- 
missal and criminal prosecution for inde 
cent exposure, physical touching, or 
physical assaults. Bethany's president, 
academic dean, and a third party select- 
ed annually by the faculty will hear for- 1 
mal complaints and make investigations 

Bethany's policy was begun on a trial 
basis in 1990 and includes a section of 
"Advice to the Bethany Seminary Com- 
munity" on the seriousness of the issue, 
preventive strategies, and healing and 

"Quite simply, we want to break the 
conspiracy of silence surrounding sexuai' 
abuse in the academic setting," the pape 
says. "There has been a longstanding 
tradition in our society of concealing th'| 
facts of such events, as well as a reti- 
cence to discuss the problem," it contin I 
ues. "Often this is done in the interest oj 
confidentiality for the victims, or to pre' 
tect a professional image. However, be- 
cause of this conspiracy of silence, the 
victims may not be protected or helped 
the accused may not be respectfully anc 
adequately dealt with, and the commu- 
nity trust is violated." 

The General Board's policy, revised • 
July 1991, applies to employees and vo; 
unteers reportable to employees. The 
executive of the General Service Com- ' 

6 Messenger February 1992 


nission (which includes the Office of 
luman Resources) is responsible for 
nvestigation of complaints, and dis- 
iplinary measures will be taken 
s "deemed appropriate with the of- 
ense, up to and including discharge." 
Tie Board may also require employees 
nvolved in sexual harassment to seek 

Included in the Board's policy is an 
ffort to resolve any complaint within a 

eek, or "as soon as is feasible, depend- 

g on circumstances." 

Ethics in ministry statement 
leads Conference business 

opping the agenda of unfinished busi- 
ess for the 1 992 Annual Conference is a 
tatement on ethics in ministry. Queries 
p evangelistic outreach, ministry for 
ngle adults, and the church and the 
omosexual will also be addressed. 
The statement on ethics in ministry is 
code of ethical principles for Church of 
e Brethren clergy, as developed by the 
thics in Ministry Study Committee. 

Kreston Lipscomb 

is statement is a result of the 1990 
juery on ethics in ministry relations. 
;! New queries for discussion at Confer- 
ence include: 

j A call to evangelistic outreach. The 
jleneral Board asks for a series of five 
pais for congregations to be adopted for 
993-95, including a 10-percent increase 
;i worship and Christian education at- 
tendance and a 10-percent increase in 
few members. 

: Query on the need to establish a 
Binistry for single adults. Southern 
i>hio District asks the denomination "to 
ike aggressive action now, in response 
b the singles phenomenon." This phen- 

^eMind * 

omenon is occurring as the concept of 
"family" is changing. The query asks for 
an examination of all programs "to de- 
termine whether the unique needs of 
singles are being considered." 

Query on the church and the 
homosexual. Virlina District asks An- 
nual Conference to clarify the church's 
position on homosexuality, specifically 
"as it relates to church membership, 
church leadership, and ordination of 

The General Board will report prog- 
ress on several queries from last year's 
Conference. The report will include 

Paul Mundey 

Cynthia Hale 

responses to the query on pursuing stew- 
ardship practices in keeping with our 
calling, the query on organ and tissue 
donation, and the query on per-capita 
funding of district programing. The Gen- 
eral Board will also respond to issues 
raised in last year's Denominational 
Structure Review paper. 

Phyllis Carter, Annual Conference 
moderator, will preside over the business 
sessions and preach at the opening wor- 
ship on Tuesday evening. 

Other speakers are Kreston Lipscomb, 
pastor of the Springfield (111.) Church of 
the Brethren, on Wednesday; Paul Mun- 
dey, General Board staff for evangelism, 

on Thursday; Cynthia Hale, pastor of 
the Ray of Hope Christian Church and 
a prominent speaker in the evange- 
lism field, on Friday; and Earle W. 
Fike Jr., pastor of Stone Church of the 
Brethren in Huntingdon, Pa., at the 
Sunday morning closing worship. The 
winners of a youth speech contest will 
express their hopes and visions for the 
Church of the Brethren during Saturday 
evening's worship. 

Nancy Faus, from Lombard, III., will 
be the music coordinator, and Jesse Hop- 
kins, associate professor of music at 
Bridgewater College, will serve as 
Conference choir director. Dean Miller, 
pastor of the Mountville (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren, is worship coordinator. 

The theme of this year's Conference is 
"Forward . . . Seeking the Mind of 
Christ." Patricia Helman, of Fort Wayne, 
Ind., and Rosanna McFadden, of Indian- 
apolis, Ind., created the logo design. 

The Coliseum in Richmond will be the 
location for business sessions and wor- 
ship services. The adjacent Richmond 
Convention Centre and Marriott Hotel 
will house exhibits and insight sessions. 
Introduction of the new hymnal will 
be a focus of this 
year's Conference, 
culminating with a 
Saturday afternoon 

Other special 
events include a 
Saturday evening 
concert by Chris- 
tian musician Ken 
Medema, who also performed at last 
year's Conference. Early evening 
activities will feature the Bridgewater 
College choir, a drama by the Linville 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren, and the 
Celebration Singers. The Association of 
Brethren Caregivers plans a health fes- 
tival and entertainment on Tuesday. 

Information about registration, accom- 
modations, transportation, and special 
events will be mailed in packets to all 
churches and registered delegates in 
March. Conference booklets will be 
available in May. Contact the Annual 
Conference Office, 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin, IL 60120. — Suellen Shively 

' 4. \\ 

Earle W. Fike Jr. 

February 1992 Messenger 7 

'We sang in unison, 
we sang in harmony' 

It was an unassuming little brochure, 
like so many that come in denomina- 
tional and district packets to pastors. 
"Sing Praise to God," it said, "Church 
Music Seminar, Nov. 10-12." I would 
be at Bethany Seminary for a board of 
trustees meeting. Why not stay and do 
an economical professional growth? 

What a providential decision! The 
planners expected 45 to 50 regis- 
trants, but over 140 pastors and 
musicians showed up. The opening 
plenary session was a hymn festival 
of early American folk hymnody and 
gospel songs. From note one, we 
knew we were in for a treat. And 
from then on, everything was uphill 
to mountain peaks of inspiration! 

There were interest groups sched- 
uled for individual choice: "Introduc- 
tion to Song Leading"; "Advanced 
Song Leading"; a session for pastors, 
worship leaders, and musicians as 
team leaders; several different groups 
for those who accompany on organ or 
piano; an introduction to handbells 
and advanced handbells; early 
Christian chants; spoken and sung 
worship resources; sessions related to 
the new hymnal; and much more. 

Leaders included Bethany faculty 
who lectured on topics related to the 
hymnal in class sessions. 

Perhaps most significant was the 
singing together. Some of the interest 
groups became small choirs. But 
there were also nine plenary sessions 
in which 140 voices became a great 
choir that truly sang praise to God. 
A cappella, with organ or piano, with 
hymns, descants, we sang in unison, 
we sang in harmony. 

We sang folk hymns and gospel 
songs. And in the "Cross Cultural 
Hymn Festival," we let loose some of 
our Germanic inhibitions and man- 
aged to sing outside the written notes 
and even outside the pews. 

Yamtikara Mshelia, a Nigerian 
student who led us in a song from her 
tradition, told us the way to sing 
Nigerian music is to "sing without 
doubt." We tried it, and did it so 
enjoyably that one woman said, "I 
wanted to dance in the aisle." Then 
she admitted, "But I squelched the 

If this show ever "goes on the 
road," fly, drive, run, or walk to 
wherever it plays. You'll not only 
learn to sing "without doubt," it will 
without doubt be something you will 
never forget. — Earle W. Fike Jr. 

Cobweb is up again, links 
Brethren computer users 

The Cobweb network, a computer net- 
work and bulletin board for use by 
Brethren members and agencies, is up 
and running again. A problem with the 
network's carrier disabled Cobweb for 
five months last year. 

Cobweb and its parent network, 
Ecunet, are now carried by the Online 
Services Company. Cobweb features 
meetings for Brethren, including 
"Grapevine," an informal chat meeting, 
and "News Web," with news from the 
General Board communication team, 
as well as the news section of each 
Messenger and each edition of Agenda. 

Cobweb is part of Ecunet, an ecumeni- 
cal coalition of networks, and users also 

8 Messenger February 1992 

have access to a wide range of meetings 
from other denominations and organiza- 
tions. To join the network, contact 
Francie Coale, (410) 635-8792. 

Emergency Disaster Fund 
gives $50,000 to Zaire 

Two Emergency Disaster Fund grants of 
$25,000 each have been given to assist 
with vaccination programs in Zaire. The 
money will enable urgently needed med- 
icines and vaccines to be airlifted to hos- 
pitals and rural distribution centers. 

Although Zaire has a large stock of 
vaccines, distribution has been nearly 
impossible because of strikes, poor 
transportation, and scarcity of funds. 

Central Americans meet 
Brethren young adults 

Seven Central Americans washed feet 
with Brethren at the Young Adult Con- 
ference over Thanksgiving weekend in 
Chicago, 111. With a focus on the role c 
the church in the inner city, the confer- 
ence attracted the most young adults 
ever to attend the annual event, with 
about 140 participants. 

The group of young adults from Nici 
ragua included high-ranking officers oi 
the Mision Cristiana Church: president 
Adonis Nino, vice president Mendel- 
ssohn Davila, evangelist Flor Maltez, 
youth president Eddy Moncada, and 
Sylvia Centeno, who serves as secretar 
of her congregation. Two young leader 
represented the Emmanuel Baptist 
Church of El Salvador — ecumenical 
officer Augusto Cotto and youth group 
coordinator Tita Galvez. 

The Central Americans participated 
worship, gave workshops on El Salvad 
and Nicaragua, and in an impromptu st 
sion, Tita Galvez spoke about the situa 
tion of women in El Salvador. 

Both Salvadorans and Nicaraguans 
emphasized the civil wars continuing ii 
their countries and mentioned other 
problems more familiar to US Brethrer 
gangs, drugs, sexism, and issues faced 
by youth. 

Lisa White washes the feet of Adonis 
Nino at the Young Adult Conference. | 

'Haitian refugees have been taken by the hundreds to the US Guantdnamo Base in 
Zuba in recent months. They are fleeing repression and economic turmoil in Haiti. 

Haitian refugees get 
lelp from Brethren 

fhe Church of the Brethren has begun 
Mding some of the refugees from Haiti 
(vho are being allowed into the US. 
i Some Haitian refugees have come to 
|he US on a temporary basis from a 
:amp at the Guantanamo Base in Cuba 
la US military installation), Donna Derr 
ieported in early December. Derr directs 
ihe church's refugee and disaster ser- 
vices and has encouraged Brethren to 
sponsor Haitian refugees and aid them 
through a lengthy immigration process. 
; The US Navy and Coast Guard began 
kicking up Haitian boat people at sea 
his past fall, and the Guantanamo base 
vas preparing to house more than 12,000 
efugees as of early December. Refugees 
vere taken to Guantanamo after a US 
ederal judge ordered a stop to forced re- 
latriations of the Haitians. Over 500 
vere taken back to Haiti before the order 
vent into effect. 

district, Board, BBT 
nake staff changes 

lelen Constable, associate district 
minister of Western Pennsylvania 
Mstrict, announced her retirement 
ffective December 31, 1992. She has 

served the district for 27 years, the last 
14 years in her present position. 

James W. Skelnik began November 
25 as manager of information systems 
for the Brethren Benefit Trust. Previ- 
ously, he worked as a self-employed 
computer consultant. 

David and Kathy Whitten begin 
work this month for Ekklesiyar 'Yanuwa 
a Nigeria (the Church of the Brethren in 
Nigeria), where David will serve as a 
rural development consultant. He will 
address issues of agricultural develop- 
ment and the connections between 
agriculture and ecology. 

David was previously employed by 
Gould Farm in Monterey, Mass. Kathy 
has worked in the nursing field and 

hopes to use these 
skills in a volun- 
teer capacity in 
Nigeria. The 
Whittens and their 
three children are 
ving in Garkida, 

Helen Constable 


General Board Africa staff 
attends meetings in Sudan 

"I'm trying to figure out the best way to 
continue to support the Christians living 
in northern Sudan, while at the same 
time moving on with our work in the 
South," said General Board staff for 
Africa Mervin Keeney. 

Keeney traveled to Sudan in Novem- 
ber for the Round Table for internation- 
al partners of the Sudan Council of 
Churches, in which program reports are 
made and a budget for the following 
year is drawn up. 

The Sudanese government has become 
more repressive, Keeney said. The gov- 
ernment is controlled by Muslim funda- 
mentalists, and Christians are treated as 
second-class citizens. 

The SCC was able to arrange a meet- 
ing between its international partners 
and government representatives. "Hope- 
fully, [the meeting] showed the govern- 
ment that the international community is 
watching what is happening with Chris- 
tians in Sudan," Keeney said. 

National Council supports 
health care campaign 

"We have the political will ... to pro- 
vide quality health care to all Ameri- 
cans," said Patrick Conover, of the 
National Council of Churches. 

In November, the General Board of 
the NCC voted to support involvement 
in the Interreligious Healthcare Access 
Campaign, a national effort for universal 
health care. 

The board installed Syngman Rhee, 
originally from North Korea, as the 
NCC's first Asian- American president, 
and heard an address by outgoing presi- 
dent Leonid Kishkovsky of the Orthodox 
Church in America. Kishkovsky has 
named a committee to meet with Ortho- 
dox theologians on issues prompting five 
Orthodox members of the NCC to sus- 
pend participation. The NCC is also in 
dialog with evangelicals. Catholics, 
pentecostals, and a predominantly gay 
and lesbian denomination. 

February 1992 Messenger 9 

A 'Green Network' to strengthen religious environmental activity 
has been launched by scientific, political, and religious leaders, includ- 
ing National Council of Churches general secretary Joan Campbell. A 
"Green Hotline"— (800) 435-9466— has been set up for congregations 
in the US to report their environmental activities. With that information 
and a follow-up survey, a guide to environmental activity in the reli- 
gious community will be written. The network also plans a May 10-12 
Washington Summit on the Environment. 

The war in Yugoslavia has destroyed hundreds of church 
buildings, according to human rights and religious agencies monitoring 
fighting between Serbian and Croatian forces. Serbian federal army 
forces have intentionally fired on and destroyed Roman Catholic 
buildings "as part of an attempt to break the spirit of the predominantly 
Catholic" Croatia, according to Religious News Service. But Croatian 
Catholic and Serbian Orthodox religious leaders have said the war is 
not a religious conflict and have issued joint statements in opposition 
to the fighting. 

Alarmed by an outbreak of cholera, Roman Catholic bishops 
from across Central America have opposed cuts in domestic spending 
by their governments. The funds have been re-routed to pay off inter- 
national debts. The bishops consider the cholera outbreak a foretaste 
of many social problems that may result from the cuts. 

A repair bill totaling more than $385 million faces theology 
schools across the US and Canada, according to a study by the Asso- 
ciation of Higher Education Facilities Officers and the Lilly Endow- 
ment. Based on information from 67 schools belonging to the Associ- 
ation of Theology Schools in the US and Canada, the study showed 
that the physical state of many institutions has deteriorated to the 
point of jeopardizing fundraising and education. 

Seminary enrollment continued to rise in 1990 with an increase of 
5.09 percent over 1989 figures, according to a report from the Associ- 
ation of Theological Schools. Women made up 29.7 percent of total 

An imprimatur has been granted by the National Conference 
of Catholic Bishops to the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible, 
produced under the auspices of the National Council of Churches. 
"The (Roman Catholic) reviewers of the text were very pleased with 
the translation," said Michael Walsh, of the NCCB. Catholic editions of 
the NRSV will include apocryphal books. 

Cuba's Communist Party adopted a resolution allowing 
Christians and other religious believers into the party at a congress in 
October. The action breaks with tradition and some delegates ex- 
pressed reservations, according to a report in the Christian Century. 
Others were enthusiastic. "I would prefer a Christian revolutionary 
fighting at my side, defending this land palm by palm, to a false com- 
munist," historian Eusebio Leal said at the congress. Cuban President 
Fidel Castro predicted that religious delegates would attend the next 
congress and that some might be elected to the party's central 

1 Messenger February 1992 

A "Green Network" was launched during a blessing of the animals in 
New York. Leaders include (from left) Richard Grein, bishop of the 
Episcopal Diocese of New York, National Council of Churches general;, 
secretary Joan Campbell, James Parks Morton, dean of the Cathedral', 
of St. John the Divine, and Senator Albert Gore Jr. (at far right). 

Health-care needs are on the agenda of a majority of US 
congregations, according to a report from the National Council of 
Churches. A survey of 1 ,900 congregations in 1 6 denominations re- 
vealed that the most frequent involvements with health care are coun- 
seling, referrals, education, assistance in paying medical bills, and 
creation of support groups. However, a significant gap exists between 
perceived needs and church response, the report said. Churches fall 
short in areas such as prenatal care, substance abuse, and health 

The Thomas hearings prompted a joint letter to President 
Bush by leaders in Church Women United from 19 denominations, 
including Judith Kipp, staff for the Church of the Brethren Program for 
Women. "We ... are deeply disturbed by the continued manipulation 
of race and gender in electoral politics," the letter said. "Sexual har- 
assment is a serious issue in the workplace. The hearings, with White j 
House encouragement, have sent a signal that women must again re- j 
main silent." Clarence Thomas, then a nominee to the Supreme 
Court, had been accused of sexually harassing a former colleague, 
Anita Hill. 

Bible Stories on video are being produced by the American 
Bible Society for young Americans who are not reading oriented. A 
short pilot film has been made of the biblical story of an exorcism per- 
formed by Jesus. It was filmed in a cemetery in Brighton Beach, 
Queens, N.Y., and is meant to translate the story into an audiovisual 
context, rather than just taking the words as a script. Whether more 
videos will be made depends on reaction to the pilot. 

Praying alone is practiced by three out of four teenagers, a i 
Gallup poll for the Princeton Religious Research Center has found. 
Many teenagers "do not confine their religious practices to formal wor- 
ship or religious instruction sessions but also when they are alone will 
pray or read the Bible, at least occasionally," a report said. The study 
also found that there is widespread belief among youth in the divinity 
of Jesus and in a God who loves them. 


Some surveys improve with age 

>y Don Fitzkee 

fhen aspiring sociologist Roscoe 
inkle began to design a questionnaire 
irm for young adults, he hoped to 
scover what made Brethren young 
:ople tick. So, naturally, he formulated 
'. pages of survey questions focusing on 
ntral moral questions of the day. 

• Is it morally wrong to wear a 
ustache without a beard? 

Should Christians have automobile 

• Is it all right to marry someone of 
[Other denomination? 

Is it okay to have a charge account 
to buy on installment plans? ' 
Is whether or not to buy an engage- 
nt ring a question of morality? 
As you may suspect by now, it has 
cen Professor Hinkle some time to 
alyze his results. These aren't exactly 
burning questions 1990s young 
ults grapple with. 
[n fact, what began in 1943 as a 
mprehensive sociological survey has 
come an important historical study as 
11, after languishing many years in a 
dboard box. "This thing is 50 years 
I," says Hinkle. "It's really history." 
Hinkle, who during the fall 1991 
nester was Center Fellow at Eliza- 
:htown (Pa.) College's Young Center 
the Study of Anabaptist and Pietist 
oups, delivered a public lecture this 
t November on "Brethren Beliefs and 
lues: Young Adults 50 Years Ago." 
His presentation was based on 500 
;stionnaires completed in 1 943 by 
;thren young adults at three church- 
ated colleges and about a dozen 
/ilian Public Service (CPS) camps. A 
Imber of the 40 or so people attending 
m lecture had filled out questionnaires 
Men they were young adults. Now in 
■ir late 60s or 70s, they turned out to 
«r what Hinkle had to say. 
1 Hinkle spent much of his presentation 
dfecribing the survey itself. Donald 

Kraybill, director of the Young Center, 
noted that in some cases "the nature of 
the questions is even more telling than 
the responses. If we were doing a 
questionnaire today we wouldn't even 
ask 75 percent of those questions." 

The survey was divided into four main 
sections to determine the background of 
the respondents, their views on church 
programs and practices, theology, and 
moral questions. 


Linkle was unable to share compre- 
hensive results, since the bulk of his data 
is in the process of being computerized 
for future analysis, but he was able to 
toss out a few tidbits, based on a portion 
of his responses from CPS camps. 

For instance, his respondents nearly all 
had Brethren parents, averaged 4.4 
siblings, and most (about 80 percent) 
were from small towns or the country. 

They largely agreed that there is an 
"all-powerful, ever-present, all-knowing 
God," but were less certain about the 
virgin birth of Christ and the sinful 
nature of humans. 

They unanimously agreed that wearing 
a mustache without a beard was not a 
question of right or wrong, but were 
divided on the morality of membership 
in a secret society (such as the Masons), 
and on whether it was morally right to 
attend the movies or professional sport- 
ing events on Sundays. 

Hinkle, now 70 years old, was well 
aware of the issues facing his peers in 
1943. He grew up in the Spring Creek 
Church of the Brethren, in Hershey, Pa. 
He describes his parents' religious views 
as fundamentalistic. "There was an 
awful lot of controversy between my 
parents and the outside world," he 

After two years at Hershey Junior 
College, he enrolled at Elizabethtown 
College, where noted scholar Forrest 
Weller interested him in sociology. A 

conscientious objector, Hinkle in August 
1942 went directly from college to 
Civilian Public Service. He spent much 
of the next four years bouncing from one 
CPS camp to another, beginning at 
Camp Kane in frigid northwestern 
Pennsylvania, and ending on a starvation 
unit at the University of Minnesota. 

Early on, he found that he enjoyed 
backroom discussions of religion with 
other free-thinking CPSers. "My Camp 
Kane experience," he says, "was the 
most significant nine months of my life. 
That nine months has essentially ex- 
tended through my life." His conser- 
vative background, coupled with his 
discussions with fellow CPSers, led him 
to begin formulating his survey, hoping 
that he could use his data in the future 
for a master's thesis. 

But as it turned out, the same CPS 
experiences that led Hinkle to embark on 
his study, eventually led him away from 
the Brethren. He completed his master's 
work while on the starvation unit at the 
University of Minnesota. (His advisors 
did not allow him to use his survey 
data.) "I did my master's while I was 
starving," he recalls. During the time he 
participated in the government experi- 
ment, he shrank from 148 pounds to 109. 

He later went on to earn his Ph.D. 
degree from the University of Wisconsin 
and taught a number of years at Temple 
University and Ohio State University, 
from which he recently retired. He has 
become a noted authority on the history 
of sociological theory in North America. 

Now, after more than 40 years away 
from his data and from the Church of the 
Brethren, the balding and bespectacled 
Hinkle is dabbling in Brethren history as 
well. Some sociological surveys 
evidently improve with age. 


Don Fitzkee is a freelance writer, from 
Elizabethtown, Pa. A member of the General Board, 
he is a licensed minister in Chiques Church of the 
Brethren, Manheim. He served as an editorial 
assistant with Messenger, 1986-1988. 

February 1992 Messenger 11 

Phyllis Carter: 

Moderator with a towel 

With more than half a decade at 
Goshen (Ind.) City Church of the 
Brethren behind her, Phyllis 'was 
going to do the contemplative life. 
No more denominational stuff.' 

by Frank Ramirez 

The great African theologian Augustine 
had planned a permanent retreat from 
Christian service. Newly converted, and 
eager to embrace the gospel of Jesus 
Christ, he envisioned the creation of a 
Christian community far from the 
bustling cities of the Roman Empire. 

The trick was to stay away from those 
urban centers, at least those without a 
pastor. In the fifth century, churches 
drafted their leaders for life. 

One day Augustine visited the city of 
Hippo, which had a pastor. Problem was, 
the pastor spoke Greek and the inhabit- 
ants spoke Latin. Augustine was drafted 
at once, and never formed the monastic 
community he dreamed of. In the 
cauldron of day-to-day life, however, he 
penned a shelf full of books and became 
one of the greatest theologians ever. 

Phyllis Carter, moderator of the 
Church of the Brethren, wasn't planning 
to retreat to a desert community when 
she was contacted about her nomination 
to her current post. On the other hand, 
she was looking forward to a quiet, 
structured pastorate away from the 
hurly-burly of denominational work. 
That work would include twice-a-year 
visits to Gethsemane, Ky. It was at this 
Christian community that Thomas 
Merton ("We do not go to the desert 
to escape people, but to learn to serve 
them better") penned his great devo- 
tional works. 

Phyllis had pastored the Bethel Center 
and Wabash congregations in South/ 

12 Messenger February 1992 

Central Indiana District and served as 
interim pastor at York Center in Illinois/ 
Wisconsin District. After next serving as 
district executive of Florida/Puerto Rico 
District (now Atlantic Southeast), she 
looked forward to a return to the pastoral 
ministry. Now with more than half a 
decade at Goshen (Ind.) City Church of 
the Brethren behind her, Phyllis notes, "I 
was going to do the contemplative life. 
No more denominational stuff." 

x2i vidently denominational stuff didn't 
include a work camp in Puerto Rico with 
Goshen City's "sister" congregation, 
Chicago First. Phyllis was working at 
Rio Prieto in Puerto Rico, when a note 
was given to her. There had been a 
phone call from Elgin, 111., from the An- 
nual Conference nominating committee. 

She knew with a certainty what it was 
about. "I won't do it. I just won't do it," 
she said firmly to her husband, John. 
John, a sometime Indiana farmer, who 
worked for a construction company in 
Florida and is now a bailiff of city court 
in Goshen, noted to Phyllis in his wry 
way that "the last three major decisions 
in our life have been made in Puerto 
Rico. God gets your attention only in 
Puerto Rico." 

Phyllis returned the telephone call and 
received the news about her nomination 
for election to the office of moderator — 
the highest elective post in the Church of 
the Brethren. Ten years before, she had 
been nominated, and with a little relief 
discovered she hadn't been elected. Now 
forces seemed to have been set in motion 
too quickly. She asked for time to think 
about this 1989 nomination. She was 
told she could have two hours. 

A hasty business meeting of those 
members of Goshen City attending the 
Rio Prieto work camp was convened. 
The delegation included much of the 

14 Messenger February 1992 

congregation's leadership. Having told 
Phyllis they would be supportive regard- 
less how she decided, they announced 
they were going out shopping. 

"If I had a fudge sundae I'd know God 
meant me to say yes," she cheerily 
called out as they left, confident the 
delicacy was unavailable in Rio Prieto. 

Or was it? The crew scared up 
someone in the small town who sold 
them ice cream. Then they found a can 
of Hershey chocolate, which was heated 
up in a microwave. The whole soupy 
mess was placed in Phyllis' lap. 

As she dialed the number in Elgin, she 
was still not sure what she would say. 
Somehow the word "yes" came out. 

But that night Phyllis could not sleep. 
At 4 a.m. she gave up, showered, put on 
her house slippers, and walked two miles 
up a mountain. There she wrestled with 
God. Sunrise came at 6:15. She said 
"yes" again, and this time it was for real. 

Everything else, Phyllis notes, 
including the election, was anticlimax. It 
was in Someone Else's hands. 

The same intensity Phyllis brought to 
her struggle over the nomination colors 
her approach to her prayer life. She 
works hard at what she calls "the 
spiritual disciplines." She defines these 
as "making space for God." These 
disciplines include prayer, fasting, 
solitude, worship, and scripture studies. 
In no way do these practices assure the 
imminent sense of the presence of God, 
but they mean practicing obedience 
while being attentive. 

To this end, Phyllis prays the Psalms 
monthly, using the time-honored method 
known as the Hours — the Christian 
practice of hallowing specific hours of 
the day by praying the songs of David in 
a set sequence. 

She was introduced to the works of 
Christian mystic Thomas Merton by the 
late Brethren teacher, writer, and 

speaker Anna Mow. A week spent in 
Gethsemane, Ky., in the midst of a bus 
schedule, when she really couldn't 
afford the time, put her in touch with 
Merton's writings. It was there she 
learned about setting aside time for Go 

Much of this is part of our original 
Brethren heritage. The German mystic: 
were, she suspects, heavily influenced 
by the Spanish mystics. The "Call to 
Spiritual Renewal" initiated by last 
year's moderator resulted, in Phyllis' 
opinion, "in a Conference that was 
bathed in prayer." It is her intent that fl 
Brethren keep their hearts open to the 
same miraculous possibilities at this 
year's Conference, in Richmond, Va. 

A he moderator, Phyllis says, "speaks 
for the denomination, and is the spiritu 
leader. It is far more than an administr, 
tive position." In setting the tone for th 
year's Conference, Phyllis expresses hi 
excitement for the coming gathering. 
There will again be a half-day prayer 
retreat for those at the pre-Conference 
meetings. To call the Brethren togethe 
as a family there will be a Tuesday 
dinner on the grounds before Conferen 
proper starts. The inexpensive picnic 

'tyllis Carter relaxes during a quiet 
pment at home with her husband, John. 

ill be sponsored by the Association of 
ethren Caregivers (ABC) and provided 
Virlina and Shenandoah Districts. Its 
rpose will be to bring Brethren 
gether as a family. 
On Saturday of Conference week, 
:re will be a celebration of the 
blication of the new hymnal. 
Perhaps the influence of Phyllis Carter 
11 be felt most keenly in the worship 
I rvices, which will place great empha- 

on the towel as a symbol of service. 
/e are people of the love feast and 
mmunion at our heart," she says. "We 
11 be asked wherever we go 'What 
ikes you unique?' " After all, "We are 
t Protestant." In the end "love feast 
,d communion define the nature of 
at we are." 
iPhyllis is excited about the new 
,ssion possibilities for the Church of 
! Brethren in the Dominican Republic, 
Korea, and elsewhere in the world. As 

the future of the Brethren, Phyllis 
lieves that in 25 years we will be over 
-percent multicultural. "Our network 
Ifamily will tie us together as a church 
the Pacific Rim and the Caribbean 

Rim. We will be a global church." 

The Brethren do have weaknesses, 
Phyllis believes. "We tend to forget our 
roots, which are in staying close to 
seeking the mind of Christ. We block the 
Spirit by our clumsiness. I am deeply 
concerned. The world is a dysfunctional 
family. We are damaged as a church by 
the mean-spiritedness of people with 

Our strength, Phyllis believes, "is in 
the devotion of following the example 
and teachings of Jesus. We do offer the 
cup of cold water." 

Not that she feels we are anywhere 
close to where we ought to be yet. "I 
want to see our life as a family 
covenanted together — the individual 
churches part of each other." 

Phyllis moves easily between several 
worlds. There is the hectic pace of the 
pastorate. Goshen City has inaugurated 
an adult day-care center, helping the 
spouses of those suffering from Alz- 
heimer's disease by providing a respite 
from the daily nightmare. An elevator 
has opened up the church to users 
excluded from other buildings. There are 
sermons to prepare, baptisms to perform, 
and babies to dedicate. 

There are the long and frequent 
airplane flights and constant consultation 
that goes into her service as moderator. 

There is the world of solitude to which 
she retreats to recharge her spiritual 

Born in Ohio, Phyllis was raised from 
a very young age on a farm near 
Kokomo, Ind. Her father was a farmer 
and landscaper. She was married at 17 to 
John Carter. "All our life together," 
Phyllis remarks, "when I say I can't, he 
always says I can." It was John who 
heard Dan West speak, and, when events 
made life tempest-tossed, it was John 
who led the two of them into the Church 
of the Brethren. 

A perpetual student and reader, Phyllis 
began a practice as a young adult that 
she continues to this day — reading three 
books a week. At the encouragement of 
D. Elton Trueblood she has provided a 
focus to that reading, devouring biogra- 
phies, along with books on politics and 

Studies at Earlham College and later 
Bethany Theological Seminary followed. 

Phyllis and John adopted two sons and 
a daughter. Their older son married and 
provided them with "three perfect grand- 
children, and you can quote me on that." 

Phyllis looks forward to the business 
of Annual Conference. She mentions 
that the committee formed because of a 
query on pastoral ethics has written "a 
good paper, well written, well studied." 
She doesn't know if there will be any 
controversial issues, but if there are, she 
plans as a leader to apply the advice of a 
sign she read as she drove over the Blue 
Ridge Mountains of Virginia: "When 
there's fog on the mountain, be alert and 
travel slowly." 

Xhyllis is grateful for what the Breth- 
ren have done for her. "For a country 
girl," she says, "who had a fairly limited 
vision of what was possible, the Church 
of the Brethren has opened the world to 
me, and it's been great to me. It allowed 
an outsider such as me to become part of 
the family. Maybe that's why the family 
attribute is so critical for me. I came as 
an outsider. I was told you had to have a 
Brethren pedigree. But here I am — just 
an Indiana pig fanner, and now I'm 

Phyllis sums it up: "All I've got to say 
is: God is love. We are loved. We are 
God's people." 



Frank Ramirez is pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren, Elkhart, Ind. 

February 1 992 Messenger 1 5 

A more decisive word from CPC? 

The Christian Peace Conference was organized 
in the throes of the Cold War. What should 
he its role in this time of momentous change? 

by H. Lamar Gibble 

What clear, prophetic, and "more 
decisive words" might be spoken by the 
Christian Peace Conference (CPC) in 
this time of momentous change? 

This was the central question for about 
100 representatives, from 23 nations and 
every continent, who gathered to 
convene an extraordinary assembly of 
the CPC in Celakovice, Czechoslovakia, 
this past October 17-22. Recent radical 
changes in Eastern and Central Europe 
compelled the CPC not only to ask this 
question but also to review its past and 
to search for a new role in the future. 

This review had begun in the upper 
echelons of CPC as early as the fall of 
1989 with the appointment by the 
presidium of a 14-member committee 
"to take a frank look at the future." 
Acting upon the recommendations of 
this committee in June 1990, the 
Working Committee suspended most of 
the constitution, relieved president 
Karoly Toth and general secretary 
Lubomir Mirejovsky of their responsi- 
bilities, and named an interim working 
committee and interim coordinator to 
plan this extraordinary assembly to 
decide whether CPC should continue 
and, if so, what the new role and 
structure should be. 

The CPC was organized in 1958 in the 
throes of the Cold War. At the invitation 
of the Ecumenical Council of Czecho- 
slovakia, 39 participants from different 

16 Messenger February 1992 

parts of a divided world gathered in this 
initial meeting. Yearly gatherings 
followed in 1959 and 1960 before the 
First All-Christian Peace Assembly was 
convened in Prague in June 1961. 

Among the key leaders in these early 
meetings were Martin Niemoller, Metro- 
politan Nikodim, Richard Ullmann and 
Josef Hromadka. It was Hromadka, dean 
of the Comenius Theological Faculty in 
Prague, who was the leading spirit of the 
movement and at the 1961 assembly was 
elected president of the CPC. 


- ombating the Cold War in general 
and working for the prohibition of 
nuclear weapons and general disarma- 
ment in particular became the focus of 
the work of CPC. An unstated objective 
of the organization during these years, 
however, was the facilitation of personal 
contacts and visits of church leaders, 
East and West. The formal and informal 
sharing of concerns and ideas that were 
facilitated during these exchanges were 
of inestimable value and contributed to 
the demise of the Cold War. 

The Church of the Brethren was 
engaged early in efforts that formed the 
Christian Peace Conference. It has had 
delegates and/or observers at all of the 
CPC assemblies since 1961. In the crisis 
that emerged in the CPC following the 
invasion of Czechoslovakia by Soviet 
forces in 1968, the Church of the 
Brethren's W. Harold Row played a 

pivotal conciliatory role as CPC presi- 
dent Hromodka and general secretary 
Ondra were forced out of their offices 
and Metropolitan Nikodim became the 
new president. Brethren representative 
Kurtis Naylor is remembered for his 
reconciling role at an assembly during 
which major tensions emerged with 
delegates from the People's Republic 
of China. 

Since 1 969, 1 have represented the 
denomination in CPC relationships, 
providing leadership in militarism and 
disarmament concerns and participating 
in team visits to Vietnam (1975) and 
Soviet Armenia (1985). Participation in 
the CPC was important to the Church of 
the Brethren during the harsh Cold War 
years of East-West separation, because i 
was able in that context to facilitate 
communication and nurture friendships 
among Christians working for peace and' 

In convening October's extraordinary 
assembly, Canon Kenyon Wright of 
Scotland recalled CPC's roots and 
quoted liberally from Hromadka' s 
address to the 1958 preparatory meeting 
These quotes affirmed the CPC's 
commitment to make its contribution to 
the oikoumene by speaking an "even 
more decisive word" than "traditional 
Christianity" or the World Council of 
Churches (WCC) can speak on matters 
of justice and peace. 

This call for the convocation to 
discern what the new and decisive word 

lould be for this time essentially went 
lanswered, as matters of limited 
nances, the reduction of staff, leader- 
lip, and structure commanded primary 

In the end, the two primary questions 
at were to be addressed by the convo- 
ition (Should the CPC continue and, if 
», what should be its focus and role?) 
id received limited attention. There 
ere some who called for a celebration 
; the contributions of CPC and then the 
Iding of its tents, but these voices were 
a distinct minority. A kairos docu- 
ent affirmed by the convocation 
mcerning what new role the CPC 
ight play was strikingly similar to 
oposals under the new WCC rubric 
ustice, Peace, and the Integrity of 
reation (JPIC)." 

But the Christian Peace Conference 
will continue. Its international office will 
remain in Prague with a staff reduced 
from approximately 30 to 6. It will 
largely be funded by income generated 
from its "economic services" (a new 
incorporation of CPC's interpretation 
and translation services now expanded 
into tourist services and a downtown 
Prague restaurant) since the demise of 
support from its members churches. The 
organizational structure has been 
radically reduced and has largely 
become a membership organization 
since its 30 member churches (largely 
East European) have either withdrawn or 
suspended their membership in the past 
two years. 

In these changing times the oikoumene 
is still in need of radical and alternative 

voices. Our Brethren roots in the Radical 
Reformation (Anabaptist and Pietist) 
cause us to resonate to the words of our 
spiritual brothers from Moravia, Jan Hus 
and Josef Hromodka. We too believe 
that "more decisive words" and actions 
are required for our day if peace with 
justice is to be a reality in our global 

But alas, while the CPC structure 
continues, it is still uncertain whether 
"those strong, creative, prevailing and 
decisive words . . . that will make an 
even deeper impression on statement and 
peoples (Josef Hromadka, 1958)" have 
been discerned or will be 
proclaimed by it. 


H. Lamar Gibble is the General Board's 
representative for Europe and Asia and for peace 
and international affairs. 

re Church of the Brethren' s 

arold Row played a key con 

liatory role in the CPC. 

e is pictured here with 

etropolitan Nikodim 

iring the 1967 

cchange with 

e Russian 



February 1992 Messenger 17 




Is the fit a good one? 

by Richard B. Gardner 

As Brethren search for their identity in a 
changing world, one of the banners 
under which many are rallying is that of 
"evangelical." At recent Annual Confer- 
ences, meal events and prayer meetings 
for evangelicals have been held. A 
quarterly periodical appeared last year, 
committed to an evangelical agenda for 
the church. A committee has been 
formed to lay the groundwork for an 
envisioned evangelical training school in 
the East. 

Though definitions of "evangelical" 
vary widely, those people embracing the 
term are typically committed to these 
emphases — 

• The authority of scripture as the 
infallible word of God. 

• The importance of sound doctrine 
and moral teaching. 

• The centrality of Jesus Christ as 
God's Son and Savior. 

• The need for a new life through the 
power of God's Spirit. 

• The priority of evangelism in the 
mission of the church. 

The surge of interest in evangelical 
issues such as these moves us in differ- 
ent ways. Some of us are comfortable 
wearing and promoting the evangelical 
label. Others feel that we are being 
overrun by a movement alien to Breth- 
ren values. And still others (including 
me) see ourselves as evangelical, but 
have problems with many forms of 
evangelicalism in our culture. We want 
to pursue evangelical concerns in a 
manner consistent with the gospel vision 
we uphold as Brethren. 

From the latter vantage point, I want 
to explore the questions "What does it 
mean to be both truly Brethren and truly 
evangelical?" And "How will a Brethren 
evangelical work at the evangelical 
issues noted above?" I propose these 

1 8 Messenger February 1 992 



Ihe importance of scripture in the life 
f the church can hardly be overstated. 
Tie Bible is the family story of the 
eople of God, where we find our own 
piritual roots. The Bible is a theological 
rimer, instructing us in the vocabulary 
nd grammar of the language of faith, 
he Bible is our canon or norm, an 
uthoritative reference point for matters 
f faith and life. For reasons such as 
lese, evangelicals take the Bible very 

Concern for biblical authority, how- 
ler, can show itself in different ways, 
ome evangelicals spend an amazing 
nount of time rallying support for a 
articular doctrinal view of the Bible, 
/hole conferences are devoted to topics 
ich as biblical inerrancy. To have 
•edentials in such circles, one must 
lbscribe to the politically correct 
i>rmula about the Bible. And one must 
>oid any form of biblical inquiry that 
[reatens the formula. 

Brethren evangelicals will shy away 
om this sort of enterprise. Pragmatic as 
jways, Brethren know that those who 
liout the loudest about biblical authority 

e not necessarily the most faithful, 
toreover. Brethren have never shared 
le outlook of theologians who feel that 
le have to get our definitions right be- 

>re we can do business with the Bible. 

No, for Brethren evangelicals the real 
iiestions are these: Are we spending 
|ne immersing ourselves in the biblical 
|ory? Are we taking our cues from that 
jory, listening to the Spirit who speaks 

rough scripture? And are we willing to 

act on what the Spirit is saying? To be a 
Brethren evangelical is to be able to say 
yes to questions such as these. That will 
show how seriously we take the Bible 
and its authority. 

\\cals will 
Br e*ven evange ^ 

pursue '^flen-ended 

Brethren voices 
*ingr°»-«" bUK 



n 2 Timothy 1:13, Paul admonishes 
Timothy with words that underscore 
evangelical concern for orthodoxy or 
right teaching: "Hold to the standard of 
sound teaching that you have heard from 
me, in the faith and love that are in 
Christ Jesus." The concern that God's 
people be a well-instructed people runs 
throughout the biblical story. It is God's 
will that we live in truth rather than 
falsehood, and in good rather than evil. 
But how do we achieve this? 

A popular approach in some evangel- 
ical circles is to assume that our group 
knows the truth, while all others walk in 
darkness. We are biblical, orthodox, led 
by God's Spirit. They are worldly, 
heretical, deceived by Satan. In this 
approach, we take the teaching we 
possess and use it to indoctrinate our 
side and attack the other side. The 
thought that truth might flow the other 
direction never occurs to us. 

Brethren evangelicals will refuse to 
play this game. We will refuse to make 
the quest for sound doctrine into a gun- 

fight between good guys and bad guys. 
We will passionately witness to under- 
standings of biblical truth as we perceive 
it. But we will acknowledge that our 
understandings are partial, and that God 
has much to teach us through other 
voices in the church. In this approach, 
sound doctrine is something we discover 
together, and the correcting of error is a 
process of mutual correction. 

Likewise, Brethren evangelicals know 
that right teaching is a goal we keep 
moving toward, not something we ever 
have fully in our grasp. At any given 
time, we can say: "Here are some ways 
the New Testament invites us to pro- 
claim Jesus' death," or "This is what we 
hear God calling us to do as peacemak- 
ers in this hour." Come the next time, 
however, the teaching we affirm now 
may be stretched in new ways. That is 
what it means to have no creed but the 
New Testament. 

Brethren evang chrl sl 

emOnSlI ,t*e«s)« us 

isCen< lShfeann*» ess ' 
sh apes the" t 

"° <bv rrom*°-" ho 

claim a 




f we take our script from the New 
Testament, there can be no question 
about the center of our faith. That center 
is Jesus Christ, not simply because we 
happened to choose Jesus, but because 
God has chosen to work through Jesus 
for the salvation of the world. That is a 
powerful confession, a confession we 

February 1992 Messenger 19 


make our own when we are baptized. 
But how do we honor this affirmation in 
a pluralistic world, a world with many 
spiritual loyalties? 

Some evangelicals have decided to be 
Jesus-isolationists: "We've got it all in 
Jesus, and we're going to shout it as loud 
as we can, and we're not going to muddy 
the waters by dialog with other faiths. 
Non-Christians need what we have, but 
they have nothing to give us." The 
arrogance of this approach is magnified 
when those who talk this way often show 
little interest in following Jesus' vision 
of the kingdom. 

Brethren evangelicals will chart a 
different course. First of all, we will 
exhibit how central Jesus is by the way 
we honor the substance of his message 
and mission. We will give ourselves 
joyfully to the inbreaking of a new 
order, the reign of God. We will show 
compassion for those whom society has 
marginalized and forgotten. We will call 
persons and groups to turn away from 
lifestyles that run contrary to God's 
purposes. We will look for creative ways 
to be agents of healing with hurting 
people. Discipleship such as this attests 
the headship of Jesus more effectively 
than bold slogans. 

Further, Brethren evangelicals will 
refuse to use claims for Jesus to discredit 
God's work elsewhere. We know that 
Jesus is the way. the truth and the life. 
But we also know that the word made 
flesh in Jesus is the same word God has 
been expressing throughout the world 
from creation on (John 1:1-18). To put it 
another way: Jesus not only gives us 
Jesus, but opens our eyes to see what 
God has been trying to do in the life 
and faith of all peoples. If this is so, then 
the way to honor Jesus as Lord is not to 
close our ears to the religious stories 
and experiences of non-Christians, but 
to engage them in vigorous and expect- 
ant dialog (as the early church did 
before us). 

t- ca \s vntt 
our ^a*s. 

1 he salvation songs that evangelicals 
love to sing give prominent attention to 
the need for and joy of finding new life 
in Christ. Once we were blind, but now 
we see. Once we were dead in sin, but 
now we have life. Once we were lost, 
but now we are found. Whatever terms 
we use to describe the experience, those 
of us who know Jesus Christ know that 
our lives have been radically trans- 
formed by God's grace and power. 

Sometimes, however, evangelicals 
settle for far less newness than the New 
Testament has in mind. We may have 
Jesus in our hearts, but still be held 
captive by the values of our culture. Or 
we may get so stuck in a purely private 
kind of piety that we fail to discover 
how the Spirit can make things new in 
all our social relationships. 

Brethren evangelicals will hold out for 
a vision of newness that embraces both 
our Pietist heritage of inward renewal 
and our Anabaptist concern for disciple- 
ship and community. We will sing the 
choruses that celebrate how wonderful it 
is to have peace and joy at the center of 
our lives. But we will insist that true 
spiritual renewal involves a new com- 
munity and new value system as well as 
a new heart. 


i~\ sense of excitement pervades the 
New Testament story. God is setting in 
motion a powerful drama of salvation. 
Things are happening through Jesus 
Christ that will transform the world. And 
with the drama comes an invitation: 
"This is too good to miss. Come and join 
the parade. God calls us to take part in 
the dawning of a new order that offers 
life and hope for all creation — including 
you and me!" 

When evangelism means the sharing 
of that kind of good news, what else 
could possibly be more important in our 
mission? Unfortunately, the good news 
of some evangelicals is not as rich or 
good as it could be. Sometimes it traps 
the wide mercy of God in very narrow 
channels. Sometimes it reduces God's 
offer to an assurance of going to heaven. 
Sometimes it even condemns those 
whose gospel has a social dimension. 

Brethren evangelicals will rightly 
call the church to make evangelism our 
priority. Our evangelism, however, will 
involve a telling of God's good news in 
all its fullness. We will invite people to 
discover both peace with God and a 
mission as God's peacemakers in a 
hostile world. We will invite people to I 
discover both justification by faith and 
a faith concerned with God's justice in 
the midst of human injustice. We will 
invite people to find life in God's 
reign — and to live for its coming in 
every sector of society. 

Brethren . . . and evangelical. Is the fit 
a good one? Only we can determine that. 
If Brethren evangelicals will be truly 
Brethren evangelicals, the possibilities 
for contributing to the renewal of our 
church are exciting to contemplate. May 
it be so, I pray, as God's Spirit rrT. 

moves among us. 

Richard B. Gardner leaches New Testament at 
Bethany Seminary and directs EFSM and TRIM. 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 


We live in an anesthetized 
society where the automatic 
response to pain, any pain, is 
to medicate it and be rid of 
it. But that conditioned 
reaction overlooks the fact 
that pain can be a valuable 

If we are too quick to 
numb ourselves emotionally 
we are liable to be vulner- 
able to more damage. All 
pain is not created equal, and 
we would all be a lot health- 
ier if we made the time and 
took the risk to understand 
rather than underestimate our 
emotional pain. 

There are times when pain 
is the result of a trauma. 
Bandages, stitches, casts, and 
slings all give witness to 
physical injuries that need to 
be protected from further 
damage while they heal. 
Outside sources also can 
generate emotional pain. 
And although we can't 
always prevent such things 
from happening, we usually 
can learn to predict what 
kinds of situations might 
precipitate new pain. 

I know a lot of people who 
don't go to their high school 
class reunions. In fact, I'm 
one of them. That was not a 
happy time in my life, and I 
don't need fresh pain from 
old wounds. When emotional 
pain is from an outside 
source, there are times when 
it makes sense to remove 
ourselves from that source. 

Another pain we experi- 
ence is similar to that of 
sore, stiff muscles that have 
been forced to stretch 

beyond their previous limits. 
After I had completed my 
one and only marathon I 
could hardly move for a 
week, and it felt great. My 
pain was my prize — my 
trophy reminding me of what 
I had accomplished. 

There are times in life 
when we experience emo- 
tional pain in the same way, 
by using atrophied "emo- 
tional muscles." In such 
cases the pain is real, but it 
also is healthy because 
something that needed to be 
done has been done. An 
example here is a marriage 
that has been neglected. 
Serious work on heart-to- 
heart communication and 
deep level intimacy can 
bring about hellish hurting. 
But in such situations the 
saying applies: "No pain, no 

Then there is the pain that 
comes from withdrawal. If 
you haven't experienced it 
you surely have seen drama- 
tizations of it. The addict 
who stops using a substance 
"cold turkey" goes through 
nightmarish agony while the 
body reprograms itself to 
function without the drug. 

I have seen such pain over 
and over again in individuals 
who "withdraw" from a 
destructive relationship, 
(that is, one in which the 
dysfunction is the very basis 
for bonding). A common 
pitfall with such pain is to 
conclude incorrectly that the 
pain indicates you have 
made a mistake by terminat- 
ing the relationship, when in 

fact it is far more similar to 
the pain experienced by a 
heroin addict trying to kick 
the habit. 

Saving the best for last, I 
shall mention the pangs of 
childbirth, hoping I don't 
lose those readers who 
haven't personally experi- 
enced it. There is excruciat- 
ing, yet exquisite, pain in 
giving birth. In this case, the 
pain is an intrinsic, inextri- 
cable part of the process . . . 
a process that brings forth 
something beautiful. This 
process is so powerful that 
Jesus used it as a metaphor 
in John 16 to prepare his 
disciples for their sorrow at 
his death, then joy at his 
resurrection. There are 
junctures in our lives where 
we all, male and female, 
engage in spiritual "birth- 
ings" that are inevitably 
accompanied by pain. 

Pain in any form commu- 
nicates something to us, and 
learning to interpret it can be 
a valuable asset to our 
mental health. There are 
times when it means some- 
thing is wrong, in which case 
it does need to be medicated, 
eliminated, or avoided. 
There are other times, 
however, when pain indi- 
cates something is very, very 
right ... in which case it 
needs to be endured, inte- 
grated, and even 


Robin Wentworth App is a 
therapist, from Nappanee. tnd. She is 
currently serving as interim pastor of 
the Nappanee Church of the 

February 1992 Messenger 21 

How to 

revive your 

Sunday school 

by Phyllis H. Crain 

Is it possible for a small congregation to 
experience a 30-percent increase in 
Sunday school attendance? Well, 
perhaps . . . but it can't be in the Church 
of the Brethren, a denomination that is 
experiencing a steady loss in member- 
ship. Wrong! It has happened in a 
small Church of the Brethren congre- 
gation. And it can happen in your 
congregation, too! 

Mill Creek Church of the Brethren is 
in the Blue Ridge Mountains community 
of Green Creek, near Tryon, N.C. Mill 
Creek had maintained a worship atten- 
dance of 80- 1 00 for the last decade. The 
Sunday school program, however, had 
steadily declined to an average atten- 
dance of 45. "At one time, there were 
more empty classrooms upstairs than 
there were rooms being used by Sunday 
school classes," says Charles Rinehart, 
pastor of Mill Creek. 

What turned that dismal situation 
around was a 5-point plan that the 
congregation's Christian Education 
Commission employed over a 3-year 
period to bring about a revival in the 
Sunday school program. The plan, when 
implemented, resulted in a 30-percent 
increase in average attendance at Sunday 
school. Here is our plan. 

Make attending Sunday school 
easier for young families. 

Among the Sunday school attenders 
at Mill Creek, the group conspicuous by 
its absence was parents with young 
children. We talked to several young 
families who were sometimes making it 
to the worship hour but not to Sunday 

22 Messenger February 1992 

school. There was agreement that there 
is a tendency to sleep later on Sunday 
mornings. Then by the time you get 
children up, bathed, dressed, and fed, 
you have to speed in the car to church 
with everyone angry with one another. 
The bottom line was "Sunday school 
simply is not worth it!" 


Lo address this problem, the Christian 
Education Commission got the Fellow- 
ship and Recreation Commission to help 
sponsor a continental breakfast each 
Sunday morning at 9:30. A different 
family in the church hosts the breakfast 
each week, providing coffee, juice, and 
finger foods such as muffins, doughnuts, 
and banana or pumpkin bread. 

The light breakfast has been a great 
success and has given us more time to 
fellowship with one another as the body 
of Christ. For young families, breakfast 
at church helps to lessen the chaos at 
home on Sunday mornings. 

Make Sunday school more interest- 
ing for children. 

The commission recognized that the 
Sunday school program had remained 
pretty much the same over the last 30 or 
40 years. We looked at Sunday school 
programs in denominations that were 
experiencing growth, and found that 
several programs were using television 
and cartoon videos of Bible stories to 
promote interest. 

So we bought a television and VCR, 
along with a series of Bible cartoon 
videos. Now cartoons are shown each 
Sunday morning at 9:45. The attendance 
of children (as well as their parents) has 

increased. The cartoon viewing has 
made sporadic Sunday school attenders 
more regular, and families who often 
came to church 20 minutes after Sunday 
school began now arrive early. 

Expand Christian education oppor- 
tunities for the congregation beyond 
the Sunday school hour. 

A new program for children ages 4 to 
1 2 began. We had read in Messenger 
about a successful children's program in 
the Castine (Ohio) congregation (Febru- 
ary 1991) and adopted its name — 
KNOW God (Kids' Night Out With 
God). Our KNOW God group meets on 
the second Wednesday evening of each 

Led by 14 mothers who meet monthly 
to plan KNOW God, the program begins 
with devotions and a light dinner. Then 
the children are divided into age- 
appropriate small groups for Bible 
games, crafts, and service project work. 
The evening concludes with a brief 
cooperative game in the social hall. The 
children have a long-term recycling 
project whose proceeds benefit Heifer 
Project International. 

A second new program is the 
YAHWEH Fellowship for youth age 13* 
and up. "Yahweh" is an ancient Hebrew 
name for God. Since God of the ancient 
Hebrews is still the same today, and still 
desires to be known by all people as 
their Lord, YAHWEH seemed to be an 
appropriate acronym for our newly 
formed youth fellowship, "Youth 
Adoring, Honoring, Worshiping, 
Evangelizing from the Heart." 
YAHWEH Fellowship meets the third 
Wednesday night of each month for 

is year's theme for Kids' Night Out 
mth God is "Called to Care," picking 
Mon the denomination's 1991 statement 

■ the environment. Activities included 
iwking paper (left) and recycling old 
wf hirts by painting original "Save the 
'Mrth" designs on them. Visitor Daniel 

(^een (right) shows off his creation. 

liwrship, praise, Christian growth 
e<periences, and fellowship. 
Since this age group was very small 
ilour congregation, youth from two 

( rarby Brethren congregations — Melvin 
hll and Spindale — were invited to join 
tt group. YAHWEH Fellowship has 

:*pwed and discussed several videos, 

jiKh as Tony Campolo's "It's Friday, 

M Sunday's Comin'!"; "AIDS: Live 
id Learn"; and "Date Rape: A Video 
i| Sexual Responsibility." The youth 

r llve enjoyed volleyball, softball games, 
Rimming parties, and retreats. Some 
Ambers of YAHWEH Fellowship 
ioup attended Southeastern Regional 
buth Roundtable in the spring at 

j lidgewater College, over 300 miles 
< /ay, in Virginia. Fifteen members of 

the group spent a weekend last fall at 
Myrtle Beach, S.C., in a retreat led by 
my husband, Keith, and me — "Dare to 
Be Different: Be Not Conformed to This 

In addition to these two programs for 
children and youth, we occasionally 
show a film for the entire church family. 
On Worldwide AIDS Day, December 
1990, the film "AIDS and the Church's 
Role" was shown following a covered 
dish lunch. "Fill the World with Love," 
a video promoting the One Great Hour 
of Sharing offering, was shown last 
March. "Amazing Grace" was a hit a 
few months ago. In a movie night 
complete with popcorn and soft drinks, 
the adults enjoyed learning about how 
this favorite old hymn came into being. 

Finally, another component of the 
strategy to expand Christian education 
beyond the Sunday school hour was a 
subscription to Messenger for every 
family and college student in Mill Creek 

Provide an age-appropriate Sunday 
school class for everyone. 

Prior to this commitment, there were 
only three children's classes in the 
congregation — nursery, beginners, and 
juniors. There also were a youth class 
and three adult classes. 

The commission described its vision 
during the morning worship hour for a 
new and expanded Sunday school pro- 
gram and challenged the congregation to 
accept the call to serve as teachers. It 
was announced that new classes would 
be opened as people accepted that call. 
We then waited upon the Lord. 

Within four months, three new classes 
opened. One new class was opened for 
beginners. Children's classes were then 
restructured with a kindergarten class, a 
primary class, and a junior class. The 
youth class remained the same as before. 
A class was opened for college-age 
youth. Young singles and young couples 
were grouped in another class. The other 
adult classes were restructured: A class 
for people in their middle 30s to late 
40s, one for couples in their late 40s to 
early 60s, and one for people over 60. 

We have found a renewed commit- 
ment from the teachers, especially the 

February 1992 Messenger 23 

new ones. We found there is a difference 
in the level of commitment between a 
teacher who has been "talked into taking 
a class" and one who has "felt God's call 
to teach." God's call is a motivator. 

Foi-ward . . . seeking the mind of Christ 


Use the best teaching materials. 

We were concerned three years ago 
about the resemblance of our Sunday 
school literature to a "crazy quilt." We 
decided to work toward 100-percent use 
of Church of the Brethren material. We 
have not reached our goal, but all our 
children's classes — and most adult 
classes — now are using Brethren 
material such as the Bible Discovery 
series for children and Guide for Biblical 

Two exceptions are the youth class, 
which prefers David C. Cook material, 
and the class for young people, which is 
using the Larry Burkette material on 
"Biblical Principles for Managing Your 
Money." While we have not reached our 
goal, we believe that excellent Sunday 
school material that meets specific age- 
group needs is being used throughout the 

In addition to these five strategies, our 
Christian Education Commission 
announced a "Year of Brethren Heri- 
tage" for our Sunday school. Teachers 
were asked to present Brethren heritage 
lessons at least once a month. A service 
of celebration and consecration was held 
in early September with the commission 
in charge of morning worship. A kick- 
off Sunday school teacher's dinner meet- 
ing was hosted by the commission later 
in the month. This kick-off event was an 
occasion for describing the vision of 
what a Sunday school program can be. 

The 18th-century British writer 
Jonathan Swift wrote, "Vision is the art 
of seeing things invisible." We saw the 
"invisible" at Mill Creek and the vision 
has changed our 


Phyllis H. Crain chairs the Christian Education 
Commission at Mill Creek Church of the Brethren, 
near Tryon, N.C. She is coordinator of instruction 
for a school district in Spartanburg County, S.C. 

Every time is a time for greatness in the church. But not every time is actually 
great. The church becomes great when we receive and act upon the call of God 
in our time, when we embody the Spirit of Christ in imaginative ways, and when 
our life and witness manifest the love of God. To be great means to accept what 
God intends us to be and to live within that intention with our whole being. 

Greatness is not arrogance, fame, pride, wealth, or power. Greatness, rather, 
is to allow our lives to be transformed by the wonderful Spirit of Christ. It is to 
address the human problems of our time for the sake of Christ as we witness 
openly to the love of Christ. As in every generation, this can be a great time in 
the life of the church if we respond to God's call in our midst. 

The great times in the past were those in which Brethren responded to 
God's call with renewed dedication. The Brethren in early 18th-century Ger- 
many felt the call to embody their faith in their everyday lives. In Bible study 
and baptism they risked persecution. In a time when a third of the population of 
Europe had died in religious wars, they witnessed to God's way of peace. In a 
time when rulers dictated belief, they called for no force in religion. In a time of 
immense hardship, they cared for one another. 

Colonial America was another great time in the church. Brethren, along 
with Mennonites and Quakers, developed a plain style of life that was known 
everywhere for its integrity and faithfulness to Christ. Adapting to the frontier, 
Brethren carried their faith across the continent. 

The late 19th and early 20th century was a time of establishing educational 
institutions and going around the world in mission. The middle of the 20th 
century saw Brethren respond to the immense post-war needs of Europe with an 
outpouring of material aid and exchange programs. Brethren Service, Heifer 
Project, CROP, and Brethren Volunteer Service were born of these efforts. 

Now as the 21st century is approaching, we can again experience a great 
time in the life of the church. Many are saying that there is a lack of religious 
fervor in our time. The witness to Christ's life, however, is as much needed as 
ever. The violence, hardship, poverty, and moral weakness are as widespread as 
ever before. God calls us to witness to a way of life that embodies the love of 
Christ. If we respond, this will be another time of greatness in the life of the 

The 1988 Annual Conference established Goals for the '90s — Evangelism 
and Witness, Scripture and Heritage, Family and Youth, Service and Peace, 
Spiritual Renewal and Ministry. To live out the concern for renewal, several of j 
us have joined moderator Phyllis Carter in "A Call Forward." We have pledged 
renewed dedication to the spiritual discipline of prayer, Bible study, and fasting. 
Every Monday morning at 7:30, we pray for one another and for the renewal of 
the church. We ask people across the church to join us in these disciplines. 

Every time is a time for greatness in the church. We are given the 1990s 
with all its challenges. I believe this decade will be another great time of witness 
to the grace and love of Jesus Christ for the Church of the Brethren. Work and 
pray that it may be so. — Donald E. Miller 

Donald E. Miller is general secretary of the Church of the Brethren. 

24 Messenger February 1992 


mother by 
mail order 

by Judy Georges 

Mixed Reviews critiques books, films, 
and other products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. The reviews are 
not to be taken as Messenger's 
endorsement, necessarily. Rather, we 
present them as helpful information 
for readers who encounter the 
subjects they treat. 

"Papa doesn't sing any- 
more." Music has disap- 
peared from the farmhouse 
where Papa, Anna, and 
Caleb live out on the western 

Caleb can't remember 
Mama, but Anna remembers 
for them both — how Mama 
and Papa used to sing 
"every-single-day"; how 
Caleb looked when he was 
born ("You didn't have any 
clothes on"); how Anna had 
gone to bed on the night of 
Caleb's birth without saying 
goodnight. "Mama died the 
next morning." 

Then Papa writes an 
advertisement for a wife and 
mother. Sarah Elisabeth 
Wheaton of Maine replies. 
"Ask her if she sings," says 

Sarah comes, with a cat 
named Seal ("because she is 
gray like the seals that swim 
offshore in Maine"), and 
with gifts from the ocean. 
But will she stay? For there 
is no ocean on the western 
prairie and Sarah misses the 

Sarah, Plain and Tall, by 
Patricia MacLachlan 
(Harper-Collins, 1985, $3.95 
softcover), is a lyrical tale of 
loss and love. It is about 
grief, hope, and joy when 

four people are delicately 
drawn together as a family. 
Each character experiences 
the importance of letting go 
of the old to embrace the 
new, reminding the reader of 
the scriptural declaration: 
"See, I am making all things 
new" (Rev. 21:5). 

MacLachlan's exquisitely 
crafted novel portrays the 
grief process as one poignant 
vignette fades into another — 
Anna, with her hair pulled 
back, imagining that she 
looks just like Sarah's 
daughter; Caleb, worrying 
that Sarah is leaving forever 
when she drives alone to 
town, because "I am loud 
and pesky"; Papa, creating a 
"dune" of hay to bring Sarah 
a sense of the ocean; Sarah, 
putting music back into the 
home, as if it had never been 

The characters are emo- 
tionally true in their anxiety 
as they tentatively explore 
the price of commitment to 
one another. Anyone who 
has ever had to relinquish a 
cherished memory or a 
familiar place to embrace a 
new reality will empathize. 
Anyone who has known the 
need of another human being 
will be touched. 

One difficulty with the 

story lies perhaps with the 
ready acceptance of Sarah by 
the children as a replacement 
for their mother. The 
perpetual question that 
underlies their anxiety is: 
"Will she like us?" not, will 
we like her? I would have 
expected more of an internal 
struggle, especially on the 
part of Anna, who had 
assumed the role of mother 
and who could still remem- 
ber "Mama." 

Our society, overflowing 
with broken homes and 
wounded families may be 
tempted to make a modern 
fairy tale of this novel. 
Undoubtedly there are single 
parents who yearn for a 
"helper," and there are 
children in need of healthy 
relationships with adults of 
both genders. Sarah, Plain 
and Tall captures such 
yearnings and needs. 

The hope expressed in this 
story by those with a willing- 
ness to express vulnerability 
and to love anew may be a 
balm for healing. Sarah em- 
bodies the completion of the 
family unit — cause for 
joy, cause for singing. 


Judy Georges, an ordained 
Church of the Brethren minister, is 
campus minister at the University of 
La Verne (Calif. ) 

February 1 992 Messenger 25 

A representative catalog? 

I received Brethren Press' four-color 
catalog Goals for the '90s Resources at 
my college address. I had to wait a week 
after I looked through it before I could 
write this letter. I was too upset, too 
sickened, to respond at once. 

It's not the many trinkets the catalog 
advertises or the pretentious reference to 
us catalog receivers as saints that 
bothered me so much. It is the way the 
items were presented. I felt as if I were 

The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. 

looking through a J. Crew catalog. 

Are we trying to attract people to our 
church or inspire people within the 
church? Either way, the message is 
chilling. Are our goals tied up in flashy, 
glossy images? Is our mission inspired 
by cute pens and decals? 

My identity is strongly linked to being 
Brethren. I have highly valued the 
historic ideals of our church and the 
mission we have lived. Now I want to 
weep in loss. This catalog shows me a 
church strongly contrary to the simplic- 
ity and service that I was taught. 

I can find no more blatant and fright- 
ening example of using God's temple as 
a marketplace than this catalog. 

Jonathan Meyer 
Lombard, III. 

Exercise self-criticism 

The December editorial, "Dangerous 
Liaisons?," represents the type of clear- 
thinking analysis that we need more of. 
We must, if we intend to thrive — not just 

survive, exercise more self-criticism. 

Being critical from within is the 
highest form of love. There is nothing 
loving about a politeness that allows ai 
individual or institution to persist aske* 

I hope that other areas of our denom: 
national life will, in turn, be examined 
such a careful and competent manner. 

Tom Bryi 
Lynchburg, \ 

An evenhanded approach 

As an educator working with at-risk 
children in a dropout prevention pro- 
gram, I was pleased to see the support 
given to a fast-growing population in 
this country. 

The October cover story, "Children i 
Risk," did not condemn or try to conve 
at-risk children and their families. 
Instead it recognized that these people 
need help to turn around the at-risk 
lives they lead. 

John S. Mill 
Springfield, 01 

Do a friend a favor 

Wouldn't it be great if every 
member of the church could 
read MESSENGER? If every- 
one who subscribes to our 
denominational magazine 
gave a subscription to someone 
else, we'd be pretty close to 
getting MESSENGER into every 
Brethren home. 

If Messenger's important 
to you, why not subscribe for a 
friend? Call (800) 323-8039 or 
use the coupon. 



Zip code _ 

Phone _ 

Congregation . 

□ Payment of $12.50 enclosed 

Make checks payable to Genetal Board/Messenger. 

□ Please bill me 

□ Visa or Mastercard (circle one) 

card number 

exp. dale 


Send to Messenger Subscriptions, 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120-1694. Or contact the 
1 Messenger representative in the Church of the Brethren congtegation nearest you. 

26 Messenger February 1992 

On gays, faith, hospitality, seminary 

)avid Black 

Irays must be 

^aren Carter, in "Let God Judge the 
inal Harvest" (November), quoted 
'erry Hershey as saying "Ultimately, 
it will not be judged by our words, but 
y our love." I love my children very, 
ery much, and I hold them accountable 
ecause I love them. I love my brothers 
nd sisters in Christ very much as well, 
/ell enough, in fact, to hold them 
ccountable for their sin — not to judge, 

Homosexuality is not 

compatible with the 

intention of God toward 

sexual relationships. 

at to build them up in their faith and 
peir relationship with God. I would pray 
iiat someone would love me this much! 

If our denomination considers homo- 
fcxuality a sin, then we should not 
iidge, but love, and call that sin to 
ccountability, to build up the person's 
fclationship with the Father. Sin distorts 
nd destroys that relationship. 
'■ The writer did not use the word 
marriage," but used the word "covenan- 
il relationship." Is this to suggest that 
lemarital and extramarital sex are 
hmissible in the sight of God as long 
; the two persons have some sort of 
• lationship? If so, what stops me from 

aking a "covenantal relationship" with 
j/o or three other women besides my 

1 hold in respect and fellowship those in the 
urch with whom we agree or disagree is a 
aracteristic of the Church of the Brethren. It is to 
? continuation of this value, and to an open and 
pbing forum, that "Opinions" are invited from 

| We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
Opinions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
what we receive. All "Opinions" are edited for 

Our denomination believes that sexual 
relations are held sacred to the marriage 
covenant. Just as an adulterous affair 
should be called to accountability by the 
faith community, so should any sexual 
relationship taking place outside the 
marriage covenant. 

True, quoting scripture does not bring 
us closer together; indeed, it often 
polarizes us into competing armies, 
much to the delight of the Evil One. 
Christ did not intend to give us a new 
law of dos and don'ts. Instead, we are to 
live by the spirit of the Word, the spirit 
in the words of Christ. But ignoring 
scripture, or picking out individual 
scriptures that support the point we wish 
to make while ignoring those that may 
not support us, is apostasy at best, and 
blasphemy at least. 

We need to understand the whole 
teaching on homosexual orientation, 
factual understandings portrayed by 
scripture — not conjecture or interpre- 
tation. Homosexuality is not compatible 
with the intention of God toward sexual 
relationships. All of us should open our 
minds to the revelation of the Spirit of 
Christ Jesus to reveal God's 
leading regarding this issue. 


David Black is assistant pastor of Mill Creek 
Church of the Brethren, near Port Republic. Va. 

James Ralph 

Satan lures us 
to accept gays 

In the midst of our confusion as we seek 
our way as Christians, the adversary 
finds his best opportunity to draw away 
those who are not grounded in the Word 
of God and who are not actively apply- 
ing spiritual armor to confront the devil 
and his lies. When Satan tempted Eve, 
the components of that process became a 
formula that he has used successfully 
ever since. He would like us to: 

• Question our understanding of the 
literal sense of God's word. 

• Justify disobedience by exaggerating 
God's imposed limitations on our lives. 

• Impugn the motives of God. 

• Emphasize the benefits of disobedi- 

• Talk someone else into going along 
with us. 

As I read Karen Carter's call to accept 
people living a homosexual lifestyle 
(Opinions, November), I discovered 
again how subtle the enemy is as he uses 
our confusion and the formula above to 
affect our opinion on this issue. But, as a 
great theologian once said, "Let God be 
true and all others false!" And so, as 
Satan makes his argument, on each point 
we must answer: 

• Yes, God really did say that homo- 
sexual acts are sin. 

• No, God does not see homosexuals 
themselves as unworthy of the love and 

Many feel that we are just 
being old-fashioned to ask 

that our fellow believers live 
sexually pure lives for the 

sake of Jesus Christ and his 
bride, the church. 

fellowship of his Body (and neither 
should we). 

• No, God did not make some people 
gay and then turn around and condemn 
them (and neither should we) any more 
than he made us habitual liars, or alco- 
holics, or materialistic and self-centered. 
What we are is the result of sin. 

• Yes, it is tempting to imagine an 
"I'm-okay-you're-okay" world where all 
people can do whatever seems right in 
their own mind. 

• And yes, many other sincere 
Christians do seem to feel that we are 
just being old-fashioned to ask that 
fellow believers live sexually pure lives 
for the sake of Jesus and his bride, the 
church. Nevertheless, that is exactly 
what God asks of us, realizing that 
change is never painless and that we will 
need his power and love to gain the 

February 1992 Messenger 27 


victory over our sinful compulsions. 

Brothers and sisters, let's wake up and 
understand that the world has nothing to 
offer the church of God when it comes to 
values and morality. We have for too 
long allowed ourselves to be lured by the 
wiles of the serpent, exposing our naked 
heel to his venomous bite. Instead, let 
us, in the name of Jesus Christ, become 
"snake crushers" with feet shod in the 
foundations of the gospel of 
reconciliation with our God. 


James Ralph is a member of Eastwood Church of 
the Brethren, Akron. Ohio. 

Gail Erisman Valeta 

There are five 
stages of faith 

I take a different perspective from that in 
the October editorial "Diversity ... at a 

Distance," about the Annual Conference 
worship service with Gilbert Romero. 
The reaction to the service cannot be 
reduced to a lack of appreciation for 

I was neither offended nor moved 
emotionally by the message. When it 
came time to purchase tapes of Con- 
ference preachers, however, that was the 
only one I purchased. Why? I thought a 
family back home in my congregation 
would relate well to Gilbert Romero's 
story and his message. 

I am reminded of the book The 
Critical Journey, by Janet Hagberg and 
Robert Guelich, in which the five stages 
of faith are explained. The authors state 
that we can only relate to the stage from 
which we just emerged, and from the 
stage in which we currently are. For 
most of us, we quit relating to those 
questions and issues of the faith in the 
stages that are two or more away from 
where we currently are. 


Annual Conference Manager/Executive for the Program and 
Arrangements Committee 

Responsibility for coordinating all facets of the Annual Conference 
Program and implementing the actions of the Annual Conference 
Officers and the Program and Arrangements Committee. 


- Administrative skills 

- Financial management and business skills 

- Negotiating skills 

- Research and information gathering skills 

- Assertiveness, crowd presence 

- Member of the Church of the Brethren 

- In-depth understanding of church organization and polity 

- Some travel required 

Position Available: 
Application deadline: 
For information contact: 

September, 1992 (negotiable) 

April 1, 1992 

Charles Boyer, Moderator-elect 

c/o Church of the Brethren 

2425 E Street 

La Verne, CA 91750 

Gilbert Romero does an excellent job 
of addressing the issues and asking the 
questions of one stage of faith. Many 
people clearly are in that stage, and nee 
to hear those questions and issues he 
addresses so well. The majority of 
Annual Conference attenders are in a 

Our style of worship 

reflects the stage of faith 

we have achieved. 

different stage of faith, which asks 
different questions and addresses 
different issues. 

God surely is not upset by those 
differences. God surely created those 
differences. Our role in appreciating 
God-given differences includes accept- 
ing each stage of faith as valid and vita' 
even when the questions and issues of a 

different stage will not be 
embraced by all. 


Gail Erisman Valeta is pastor of Buckeye Chur 
of the Brethren, near Abilene, Kan., and a 
consultant in the mediation field. 

Bill Bowser 

Some churches 
are killers 1 

I am glad to see that the Church of the 
Brethren is finally discussing ways in 
which "being Brethren" can prevent 
church growth (see "A Stranger in an 
Even Stranger Land," November). Todc 
Hammond's description of the ways 
churches and communities work hard tc 
keep outsiders out is right on the mone) 
These attitudes, however, are much moi 
widespread than his article seems to 

Because Hammond gives as an 
example the Mechanic Grove congre- 
gation, I looked up its statistics in the 
Church of the Brethren Yearbook. With 
a membership of over 600 and an 
average attendance of over 350 a 
Sunday, Mechanic Grove is much large ; 
than the average Church of the Brethreij 
I am pleased that Hammond speaks so 

28 Messenger February 1992 

highly of Mechanic Grove's efforts to be 
more than a four-family church. But it is 
easier to see one's congregation as an 
institution when the average Sunday 
attendance is 350, than when the average 
attendance is 75, and the church is built 
on one corner of the "family" farm. 
Most of our congregations are one- 
family or two-family groups. 

I know of one Church of the Brethren 
congregation — with an average atten- 
dance around 200 at the time — that 
treated "outsiders" as distantly as 
Hammond was treated in Maine. I later 
heard the executive of its district say that 
this congregation had "killed" one pastor 

The district executive 

was quite adamant: "They 

killed him!" he said. 

"They killed him!" 

by creating such an atmosphere of 
distrust that the resulting stress triggered 
a fatal illness. The district executive was 
quite adamant about it: "They killed 
him!" he said. "They killed him!" 

How can a church like that ever get 
;new people to join? And who in their 
right mind would ever want to? Thank 
God this particular church didn't have 
the free ministry; it was only by having a 
paid pastor that their door was kept open 
to anyone new at all. But pity the poor 
pastor who ends up "serving" a church 
that doesn't want anybody new. And pity 
the pastor's family. 

Some churches kill souls — and 
sometimes they kill the body 
is well. 


Bill Bowser is a member of the Arlington (Va.) 
Church of the Brethren. 

Robby W. Burke 

Divide seminary 
among colleges 

I have a suggestion for bold action by 
■vhich Bethany Seminary might solve its 
oroblems while also directly helping our 
churches (see January, page 6). The 

£$3C Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint "Pontius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 t$10 if an ulation is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 4652b. 

ALU WftaiU&- 

fo« prrz-ft 



Take Hold of Your Future 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Neva and Melvin Lolling with their son. Bruce, a freshman at McPherson College. 

"B-V graduated from McPherson College. Jour of oar six cluldren hare attended McPherson 
College, and we feel it has a good. Christian atmosphere. We have fell mare comfortable with 
our children at McPherson College than at another ittstituliim. " 

— ■ Melvin "58 and Neva "58 Lolling 
McPherson, Kansas 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible Jitr tfw 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 


Yes. 1 want to take the nexl step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


City _ 



Phone { )_ 

. Year of Graduation . 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, 
P.O. Box 1402. McPherson, KS 67460 or 
call collect (316) 211-073]. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability. 

February 1992 Messenger 29 

current seminary should be broken up 
and reconstituted in graduate theological 
departments at three Brethren-related 
colleges — one in the East, one in the 
West, and another in the Midwest. The 
current seminary property could be sold 

Church Signs J 

From the 



America's Church Sign Company 


From the 

Office of Human Resources 


Half-lime position. 

Facilitate the work of District Staff; assist in 

filling staff vacancies; support the work of CODE 


— administrative and management skills 

— pastoral and executive experience 

— knowledge of denominational organization. 

procedures, policy & polity especially 

related to district structures 
— M.Div. degree or master's degree related 

to personnel and/or management 
Interested and qualified persons may make 
application by sending a letter of interest and a 
resume to; 

Dale E. Minnich 

1451 Dundee Ave. 

Elgin. IL 60120 
Applicants are requested to contact 3 or 4 
persons and have them provide a letter of 
reference. Materials due by: March 13, 1992 

to finance this change. 

By Bethany moving to existing 
college campuses, much of the need for 
new facilities would be eliminated. The 
number of options for advanced theo- 
logical education within the church 
would be tripled. This would make 
advanced training far more accessible to 
the many bi-vocational ministers who 
cannot leave their jobs and uproot their 
families to move to Oak Brook, 111., for 
three years. It also would bring the 
seminary into much closer contact with 
the people it serves, making it more 
responsive to people's needs. 

Consider what could happen if we had 
seminary level education available at 

Dividing Bethany up among 

our college campuses would 

have only benefits. 

Bridgewater College, in Virginia. 
Seminary students could serve as pastors 
in the many part-time positions in 
Shenandoah District, thus helping those 
congregations. Ministers currently 
serving as pastors could further their 
education without leaving home. 
Perhaps some of these ministers also 
could teach at the school. 

By offering a master of divinity 

degree program on a college campus, we 
would keep our future ministers in daily 
contact with students bound for other 
occupations and perhaps keep them in 
the real world, instead of in an ivory 
tower. Another benefit would be that 
students in the college might be attracted 
to entering the ministry. We all know 
that we need more ministers in the 
denomination. Also, the college and 
seminary would be able to share faculty 

With only one seminary, there always 
is a danger that that school's faculty will 
become attached to a single theological 
viewpoint and then try to impose that 
view on the denomination. With three 
seminaries there would be more room 
for different approaches. 

Some might object that my plan would 
take the seminary away from ministering 
to urban areas. The Church of the 
Brethren is going to accomplish very 
little in urban ministry if we dwindle 
away to nothing as a result of neglecting 
the needs of our rural constituency. 

My idea deserves serious discussion in 
the denomination, and serious consider- 
ation by the seminary, before 
it's too late. 


Robby W. Burke is pastor of Mount Zion-Limille 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren. 


WANTED— Shippensburg and Ridge Churches of the Breth- 
ren are seeking a full-time Youth Minister/Director. This 
person would divide time evenly between two congrega- 
tions. Interested people contact Georgia Markey, Southern 
Pa. District Office, Church of the Brethren, 2990 Carlisle 
Pike, Box 218, New Oxford, PA 17350. Tel. (717) 624-8636, 

ATTENTION— Winter doldrums? If you've got cabin fever, 
make plans to serve others this year through Brethren 
Volunteer Service, There are over 200 positions in 38 states 
and 18 countries needing people of all ages (including older 
adults) to work for peace, advocate justice, meet basic 
human needs and care for the environment. Give one or two 
years of your life to our needy world. Contact Debbie 
Eisenbise, BVS Recruitment, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 
60120. Tel. (800) 323-8039; in III. (708) 742-5100. 

TRAVEL— Exp, Magic of the Alps, 1992. Austria, Switzer- 
land, or Germany used to enhance tours of Europe. Enjoy all 
three on tour August 13-26, 1992, Hosted by Frank Miller, 
retired Purdue Extension Agent. Tour arranged by Rural 
Route Tours. Visit Munich, Rothenburg, Zermat (at foot of 
Matterhom), St. Moritz, Innsbruck, Vienna, Oberammergau, 
Salzburg, Geneva, Augsburg, Frankfurt. Ride famous Gla- 
cier Express. Visit family in Bavarian Alps. View ancient 

30 Messenger February 1992 

castles, quaint villages fr. riverboat deck on delightful blue 
Danube cruise. Relax in first-class hotels. Buffet brkfst, 3- 
course dinner daily except Vienna. Travel deluxe motor 
coach designed for sightseeing. Full-time professional En- 
glish-speaking Tour Manager. Contact Frank Miller, 317 
Hickory Ln., N. Manchester, IN 46962. Tel. (219) 982-4529. 

TRAVEL— Grand tour of Europe and Israel (Holy Land). 15 
days. July 21-Aug. 4, 1992. Visit Brethren sites in Europe, 
Jim Myer, devotional leader. For info, contact Wendell and 
Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr., Indianapolis, IN 
4621 7, tel. (31 7) 882-5067 or James and Faye Myer, 1 70 W. 
Brubaker Valley Rd., Lititz, PA 17543, tel. (717) 626-5555. 

TRAVEL— Don and Hedda Durnbaugh will conduct a Chris- 
tian Heritage tour to Europe (Jul. 18-Aug. 7, 1992). High- 
lights incld. medieval towns in Belgium, Calvin's birthplace 
and Geneva, Paris, walled city of Carcassone, dramatic 
Albigensian strongholds, Taize, historic Brethren sites 
(Schriesheim, Budingen, Schwarzenau, Surhuisterveen), 
and Anabaptist/Mennonite sites (Munster, Witmarsum, 
Amsterdam). Inclusive cost: $2,995. Tour arrangements by 
MTS Travel, 102 East Main St., Ephrata, PA 17522 (800) 
874-9330. For further info, and full brochure, contact tour 
leaders at (717) 367-1151, ext. 469. 

TRAVEL— Annual Conference. Bus transportation frort 
Elizabethtown, Pa. and rooms while attending Annual Con 
ference in Richmond. Va., June 30-July 5. Write: J. Kennetl 
Kreider, 1300 Sheaffer Rd., Elizabethtown, PA 17022. 

TRAVEL— Anniversary Alpine tour June 11-26; Great Brit 
ain Aug. 11-28, hosted by Juniata College's Dottie & Re: 
Hershberger; Christmas Time Bavaria and Austria Dec. 7 
15, hosted by Juniata College's Dr. Bob & Dottie Neff. Fo 
free brochure contact Gateway Travel Center, Inc., P.O 
Box 595, Huntingdon, PA 16652. Tel. (800) 322-5080. 

SINGLES— Crossroads, Mennonite introduction service 
now has a monthly newsletter. Present clients' ads contain 
ing age, area, interests, for you to choose from. This is easy 
private way to meet those friends you have been hoping foi 
For free sample copy, write to Crossroads, Box 32, N 
Tonawanda, NY 14120. 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga„ join Faithful Servant Churcl 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a.rrt 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail Rd 
and I-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact pastor Doi 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796, or John and Debbie Hamme 
(404) 448-9092, 5584 Wilmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092. 

lining Points 



Cortez, Cesar M., licensed Sep. 

Bush, Warren and Hazel, 

Castelle, Samuel. 61. Muskegon. 


Living Stone, W. Marva: Wade 

28, 1991. York Center, 

Curryville. Pa.. 60 

Mich. Aug. 7. 1991 

Lewis, Anna & Bethany 


Davidson, Dale and Naomi, 

Chaney, Ruih. 82. Elkhart, Ind.. 

lethel, N. Ind.: Raymond Kesler 

Moody. Amy Sponaugle. 

Fishburn, Arlon Mark, licensed 

Virden. III.. 50 

Nov. 6. 1991 

Slue River, N. Ind.; Robert Dye. 

John & Rosalie Valentine, 

Oct. 26, 1991. Big Sky, 

Delk, Ralph and Pauline, North 

Coffman, Evert G., 93, North 

Tabitha Frank. Amber 

Mary Beth Gillespie. Robert 

N. Plains 

Manchester, Ind., 50 

English, Iowa. Nov. 14, 1991 

Hartman, Jessica & Ryan 

& Geraldine Goss, Darren 

Grimm, Michelle L., licensed f 

Dubble, Wayne and Dorothy, 

Cunningham, Esther, 75, Elkhart, 

Kreider, Michael Marlow, 

Kidwell, Timothy & Jane 

Jul. 30. 1991. Indian Creek, 

Lebanon, Pa.. 50 

Ind., Oct. 27. 1991 

Teresa & Paul McCoy, 

Monn, George & Louise 


France, Cecil and Genoa, Bassett, 

Cupp, Boyd. 90. Verona. Va., Oct. 

Jennifer & Sarah Pritchard, 

Statler, Michelle Yankee 

Howard, Courtland David. 

Va.. 50 

31. 1991 

Amy Shively 

McPherson, W. Plains: Mary 

licensed Dec. 11, 1990, 

Fyock, Dale and Nellie, Penn Run, 

Dagen, Edward L., 82, Lititz, Pa., 

Joise Valley, Idaho: Roxanne & 

Workman. Michele Berkey. 

Pleasant View, S. Pa. 

Pa., 50 

Nov. 17. 1991 

Wesley Eilers, Shane Mahler, 

Tahnee Carlson, Samuel Dali. 

Johnson, Robert Clyde, licensed 

Gaerte, Curtis and Julia. Avilla, 

Diehl, Mabel. 94. New Lebanon. 

Kathy Carrick. Margie Lacy, 

Adeola Grillo, Diane 

Sep. 12, 1991. Barren Ridge, 

Ind., 60 

Ohio. Nov. 26, 1991 

Rhoda Mazer 

Feasenhiser. Beth Kiester, 


Hamilton, David and Velma, 

Dodson, Loreen. 56. Scottville. 

Cherry Lane, M. Pa.: Edith Karns 

Russ Kinzie, Kandee Krien, 

McClendon, Nancey Murphy, 

Virden, III., 50 

Mich.. Nov. 24, 1991 

Sast Cocalico, All. N.E.: Barbara 

Luke LeFever, Anita Mast. 

licensed Jul. 20, 1991, 

Hauger, Arthur and Doris, 

East, Ray. 80. Harmony. Minn., 

Adkins, John & Mary Becker, 

Kevin Shaffer 

Pasadena, Pac. S.W. 

Freeport, III.. 50 

Nov. 17. 1991 

Debra, Diane & Scott 

Middle Creek, Atl. N.E.: John. 

Myers, Jacob Lincoln, licensed 

Hopkins, Sallie and Edward, 

Eisenbise. Paul. 90, Morrill, Kan.. 

Beckman, Kim & Tad Brown, 

Martha & Lisa Hess, Mark 

Dec. 1 1, 1990, Pleasant View, 

Martinsville, Va., 50 

Sep. 29, 1991 

Jan & John Burke. Gene & 

Garman, Andrew Bollinger, 


Johnson, Bob and Maxine, 

Ferrell, Ray, 82, La Veme, Calif., 

Donna Brubaker, Lynne, 

Matthew Nolt, Austin & Wade 

Neher, Marlene, licensed Oct. 26, 

Warsaw, Ind., 50 

Nov. 6, 1991 

Dyanna, & Ronald Cover, 

Rohrer, Shane Weaver, David 

1991,Ivester, N. Plains 

Johnson, Earl and Evelyn, 

Finifrock, Stanley. 90. Sebring, 

Charles & Cecelia Cook, 


Oren, Kenneth, licensed Aug. 19, 

Muskegon, Mich., 60 

Fla., Oct. 29, 1991 

Doug & Yvonne Enck, Earl, 

Mohrsville, Atl. N.E.: Corrine & 

1991, Happy Corner, S. Ohio 

Kensinger, Arthur and Hazel, 

Fishback, James F.. 71. Waynes- 

Doris, Jay, & Deb Good, Ira 

David Clouse, Wendy Gross, 

Peters, Donald, ordained Sep. 14, 

Martinsburg, Pa., 65 

boro. Pa., Nov. 22, 1991 

& Anna Ginder, Kimberly 

Pam Reber 

1991,NantyGlo. W. Pa. 

Kirkpatrick, Bruce and Vera, 

Garrison, Frank. 96, Columbia 

Herr. Mary Anne Haller, 

Mount Wilson, Atl. N.E.: Nancy 

Rittenhouse, D. Julian, ordained 

Live Oak. Calif.. 65 

City, Ind.. May 18, 1991 

Linda Horst, Melanie Foster, 

Little, Quentin Liebeher, 

Apr. 23. 1991, Pocahontas, 

Kessler, Dean and Mildred. Ipava, 

Gingrich, Noah, 84. Dover. Pa., 

Ronald, Robert, Randall, & 

Steve Kreiser, Ruth Herr, 


III.. 50 

Nov. 24. 1991 

Rustin Kreider, Roy & Gloria 

Jason Gill, Lily Fessler 

Sechler, Marion, ordination 

Martin, Noah and Helen, Ephrata, 

Good, Earl, 90, New Lebanon, 

Kunkle, Janet Klesko, Walter 

Muskegon, Mich.: Robin Cross 

received Aug. 9, 1991, Cando, 

Pa., 65 

Ohio. Nov. 17, 1991 

& Doris Long. Ruth, Barry, 

New Covenant, S. Ohio: Denise 

N. Plains 

McBride, Charles and Carol, 

Gross, Alfred, 88, Churubusco, 

Galen, & Lois Martin. Leon & 

Santelle, Debbie & John 

Stokes, Edward Lee, licensed Sep. 

Fredericksburg, Iowa. 50 

Ind.. Jul. 1, 1991 

Bonnie Myers, Raymond & 

Stiner, Barbara & David Eller, 

12, 1991, Meadow Mills, 

Miller, William and Gertrude, 

Hamme, Glenn. 60. Spring Grove, 

Martha Miller, Joe & Ann 

Carol Fannin, Linda & David 


Lewistown. Pa.. 65 

Pa.. Nov. 7. 1991 

Nies, Rich & Gail Readinger, 

Hooper, Dorothy & Howard 

Mishlei , Marvin and Katherine, 

Heintzelman, James, 95, Saint 

Linda Reitler, James & Janet 

Mitchell, Melinda & Norman 

Nappanee, Ind., 60 

Petersburg, Fla.. Sep. 7. 1991 

Rhen, Richard & Lore 

Rohrer, Anna & Keith Vetters, 


Moore, Arthur and Genevieve, 

Knauer, Viola, 93, Neffsville. Pa., 

Stoltzfus, Dennis Trostle, 

Wendy & William Weaver, 


Nampa, Idaho, 65 

Oct. 28, 1991 

Dave & Melissa Weiler, Joan 

Barbara & Bruce Younkin 

Myers, Charles and Evelyn, 

Lindquist, Faith, 92. Saint Peters- 

Drumm, Brenda Bilger 

New Paris, N. Ind.: Angie 

Allen, Leola, from other denomi- 

Nappanee, Ind., 50 

burg, Fla., Aug. 2. 1991 

'aton, S. Ohio: Thrasa & Donald 

McFarren, Chelsie Overpeck, 

nation to Tok'ahookaadi 

Ore, Taylor and Estelle, Bassett, 

Mclllty, Viola, 77, Petersburg. W. 

Wertz, Randy & Beth Yount, 

Dawn Hyche. Leroy & Julie 

Fellowship, W. Plains 

Va., 50 

Va.. Sep. 12, 1991 

Nancy & Carter Witt, Debbie 

Nafziger, Dorothy Swinehart, 

Campbell, J. Warren, from secular 

Sell, Clifford and Rosalie. 

Miller, Eva Marie. 85. Dayton. 

& Ron Baker, Carolyn & 

Mike Zimmerman 

to Turkey Creek. Mo./Ark. 

McPherson, Kan., 50 

Ohio, Aug. 18, 1991 

Becky Rodeffer, Karen 

North Winona, N. Ind.: Terry, 

Dietz, Paul, from Brick, W. 

Smith, Kenny and Dorothy, New 

Newcomer, Manford. 83. La 

Sellers, Julie Chrismer, Harry 

Cary, Jill & Ryan 

Marva, to Knobley, W. Marva 

Paris, Ind.. 50 

Verne. Calif.. Nov. 12. 1991 

& Ruth Shipley, Sonya, Larry, 

Schlotterback, Scott & Deb 

Duffey, Scott, from Greensburg, 

Steward, John and Virginia, 

Parsons, John. 85, Roanoke, La., 

Chris & Brandi Banfield, 

Wiley, Rob & Chris Reneker, 

W. Pa., to Westminster, 

Ashland, Ohio, 55 

Nov. 7, 1991 

David Amstutz, Todd Snyder, 

Kelly & Janine Walters, Gary 


Stouder, Charles and Evangeline, 

Petry, Edwin, 82, North Canton, 

Linda Manley, Cindy Flory, 

& Diana Sanders, Deb Miller, 

Emerick, Louis, from other 

Osceola, Ind., 55 

Ohio, Nov. 9, 1991 

Clif & Jana Martin, Jackie 

Tom & Linda Edgington, Pam 

denomination to Fahmey- 

Treace, Sherman and Shirley, Fort 

Phend, Cecil, 97. Merriam. Ind.. 

White, Matt Clippinger. Emily 

Reed, Dan & Pam Anderson, 

Keedy Fellowship, Mid-Atl. 

Wayne, Ind., 50 

Nov. 9, 1991 

& Amy Smith. Phillip 

Scott & Heather Lee 

Hughes, James Robert, from 

Zeigler, Clarence & Bernice, 

Phillips, Reba. 80, Nappanee, 

Cabaniss, Niki Pennington, 

Penn Run, W. Pa.: Charlotte 

secular to Brick, W. Marva 

Churubusco, Ind., 50 

Ind., Oct. 6, 1991 

Kyle Weiler, Kristl Miller, 

Laney, Paul & Fanny Laney, 

Langdon, Kenneth, from Keyser, 

Powell, Daniel, 91, Covington. 

Adam Cobb, Amanda Charles, 

Kenneth & Linda Laney, 

W. Marva, to Painesville, 

Ohio, Oct. 27, 1991 

Emily Cunningham, Andrea 

Vaughn & Violet McDannell, 

N. Ohio 


Puffenberger, Myrtle, 76, Peters- 


Sarah Steepic 

McFarland, John, from 

burg, W. Va.. Aug. 30, 1991 

ilkhart City, N. Ind.: John, Beth, 

Janet. & Mark Sternberg 
tlkhart Valley, N. Ind.: David & 

Roanoke, La., S. Plains: Derrell 

Salamonie, S/C Ind., to Cedar 

Akers, Waddie, 92, Willis. Va., 

Robinson, Donald. 83. Roanoke, 


Creek, N. Ind. 

Nov. 12, 1991 

La, May 14, 1991 

Rocky Ford, W. Plains: Orvada 

Ober, William, from other 

Albert, Byron. 75, Eaton, Ohio, 

Root, M. Lucille. 87. La Veme. 

Katrina Mevis, Mikel, Linda, 

Cosand, Jerry & Shirley 

denomination to Stony Creek, 

Oct. 6. 1991 

Calif., Nov. 19. 1991 

Sarah, & Matt Wayne, Gary & 

Smith, Laurie Heggenstaller, 

S. Ohio 

Amond, Elizabeth. 94. Penn Run, 

Rowell, Lyndon. 45. Jennings, 

Kathy Stump 

Daniel & Samuel Brubaker, 

Quintrell, Gregory, from semi- 

Pa., Apr. 30, 1991 

La.Jun. 6, 1991 

irst-Harrisonburg, Shen.: James 

Barry & Lynn Shioshita, John, 

nary to Meadow Mills, Shen. 

Barth, William, 66, McVeytown, 

Salt, James. 77, Harrisonburg, 

Borkholder, Velma 

Janet & Tim Tubbs 

Ritchey, Robert, from other 

Pa., Nov. 5, 1991 

Va., Oct. 28. 1991 

Breneman, Dorothy Crist, 

Springfield, Ore. /Wash.: Laura 

denomination to Black River, 

Bittinger, Desmond, 85, La 

Schopp, Clarence, 89, Cashmere, 

Ronald Hedrick, Edith 


N. Ohio 

Veme, Calif., Nov. 5, 1991 

Wash., Nov. 16. 1991 

Michaud, Kevin & Gina 

Wenatchee Brethren-Baptist, 

Steele, Randy, from Bethany, 

Bowers, Daniel, 44, La Verne, 

Strietzel, Vera. 89, La Veme. 

Showalter, Michael & Ann 

Oreg./Wash.: Rosie Deal, 

Mid-Atl., to Meyersdale, 

Calif., Oct. 31, 1991 

Calif., Nov. 17. 1991 


Frank & Rae Telford 


Bowman. Archer. 67, Saverna 

Switzer, Eva, 74. Seven Valleys, 

r irst -Roaring Spring, M. Pa.: 

Woodland, Ill./Wis.: Maude 

Park, Md„ Oct. 30, 1991 

Pa., Nov. 11, 1991 

Ronald Leedy 

Lalicker, Ron & Tammy 

Bowman, Ivan, 72, Lakeport, 

Weybright, Edna, 98, Rocky 

*>eeport, Ill./Wis.: Rosalie 



Calif., Nov, 21, 1991 

Ford. Col.. Sep. 30. 1991 

Geiger. Nancy Caldwell 


Bricker, Harry C„ 76, Hershey. 

Whitehead. Dorothy. 90. 

-amptter. Atl. N.E.: Philippe 

Pa., Nov. 24, 1991 

Syracuse. Ind.. Nov. 3, 1991 

Derosier, Timothy Groff, 


Barkey, Lowell and Kathryn, 

Bryan, Viola, 81, Custer, Mich., 

Whitlow, Nannie. 79. Bassett. Va.. 

Ruth Velasquez 


Warsaw, Ind., 50 

Nov. 1, 1991 

Apr. 27, 1991 

,archmont Community, Oreg./ 

Buch, Warren and Alverta, Lititz, 

Buckshorn, Edgar. 81. Saint 

Wiedeman, John. 76. Bourbon, 

Wash.: Christine & Daniel 

Coffman, Marilyn Elizabeth, 

Pa., 55 

Petersburg, Fla., Jan. 3, 1991 

Ind., Oct. 21, 1991 


licensed Oct. 26, 1991, 

Buckingham, Fred and Letha, 

Cameron, Orda, 95, Hudson. Fla.. 

Zumbrun, Wilda, 89. Columbia 

.ebanon, Shen.: Donald & Judy 

English River, N. Plains 

Middleville, Mich., 60 

Nov. 14, 1991 

City. Ind., May 20, 1991 
February 1992 Messenger 31 


What's so magic about 'safe sex'? 

Preparatory to writing this editorial, I read several 
pieces on the subject by editors and columnists 
whose publications appear more frequently than 
Messenger. I regularly read most of these 
writers. I learned something new about three or 
four of them: They are sports fans and idolized 
Earvin ("Magic") Johnson. They were unable to 
get to the heart of their editorial musings until 
they had told me what a great guy Magic was and 
described his technique on the basketball court. 

My editorial musings will not be colored by 
any B.M. (Before Magic; one columnist refers to 
the era we are now in as S.M. — Since Magic) hero 
worship. Yes, I confess: Until Magic Johnson 
announced he had contracted the HIV virus that 
leads to AIDS, his very existence as a person had 
escaped my notice. Pressed to name a profes- 
sional basketball player, the only one I could 
have come up with would have been Michael 
Jordan. (Or is it Jackson! I forget.) 

So, since I never watched Magic Johnson run 
his fast break to the hoop, only to snap a perfect 
blind pass to a teammate at the last minute (who 
then makes the basket), I can muse and write with 
dispassion . . . about the former basketball star, 
not about AIDS or moral decision-making. 

As a lot of people know by now, Magic 
Johnson has dedicated his remaining time to 
"preaching safe sex." Well and good, since he, by 
his own admission, knows a whole lot about the 
other kind. It troubled me that upon Johnson's 
announcement of his being HIV-positive, the 
public and the media seemed to have had a 
revelation that AIDS could happen to anybody 
now. No longer was AIDS confined to the dregs 
of society — homosexuals and drug-users; good 
people could get it, too. 

Now Magic Johnson is going to preach "safe 
sex." Use a condom, kids, and everything will 
be okay. 

Columnist Anna Quindlen, inspired by 
Johnson, wrote in praise of safe sex, explaining 
that she was far less concerned about her 
children's lifestyles than about their lives. 
Christian Century editor James Wall pointed out 
Quindlen's wrong priority too well for me to try 

32 Messenger February 1992 

to better him: "Anna Quindlen is wrong. Lifestyle 
is life. How we live determines who we are. Mere 
survival is not sufficient to define a full life. Our 
religious tradition understands that our sexual 
conduct is at the heart of who we are." 

Remember the illustration about the people 
who provided an ambulance at the bottom of a 
cliff instead of building a wall at the top? That's 
what safe sex is all about. Condoms may save 
some people from getting AIDS, but a thin film 
of latex rubber does not hide the fact that sexual 
promiscuity is rampant. A Playboy mentality is 
now the norm for most people in our society, 
and the rest of us feel pressured toward silent 

Safe sex will not protect teenagers from the 
distortions in their sense of values that sex 
without fidelity or emotional commitment may 
invisibly inflict upon them. Adolescents are not 
adults. And, being adolescents, they are in a 
developmental stage in which they must master 
their identity, a sense of who they are. Safe sex is 
not a "real world" response to AIDS. It's a ticket 
to Fantasy Island. Safe sex may help keep kids 
alive, but it won't help them learn how to live. 


suppose, given Magic Johnson's own arrested 
moral development, preaching safe sex is about 
as much as we can expect from him. But it is 
ironic that a man who achieved his basketball 
prowess through enormous self-discipline can't 
recommend to teenagers anything better than the 
use of a condom. Helping young people to see 
that they literally make their lives by their inner 
decisions would be a greater service that he could 
render in these times. 

But as I bash Magic Johnson, I look at him 
and see myself. We have met the Magic and he is 
us. At the risk of sounding like I'm calling for a 
return to a religion that condemns and controls, I 
could hope that Magic Johnson and all of us other 
churchgoers would appreciate better the moral 
wisdom and compassionate understanding — with 
its attendant but necessary ambiguity — available 
to us from the biblical tradition. — K.T. 

Joyce Hicks' story is your story. 

It begins at Wissahickon Creek. 

It ends, well, with the world. 

From Wissahickon Creek, site of the first baptisms of 
Brethren in America, Joyce Hicks recounts a story impor- 
tant to every member of the church. The General Board 
member explains to her grandchildren, Alisha and Don, 

how mission happens today — "Mission in Christ's 
Way." She points to how the Church of the Brethren 
works with and strengthens partner churches around 
the globe. How it recruits and places a 
hundred volunteers a year, markets handcrafts for 
producer groups in 40 countries, and enables 2,700 villages in Nigeria to have clean 
water and improved health. She reports on agricultural exchanges, disaster ser- 
vices, refugee placements, and reconciliation ministries. 
In brief, she sums up her church's commitment to wit- 
ness beyond its own, in the name and spirit of the 
living Christ. Joyce Hicks' story is your story; 
view it and you will be informed and inspired. 

"Mission in Christ's Way," video, 20 minutes. $10 rental; $19.95 sale. Discussion guide. Call 1-800 441-3712 to order. 

The story of a church whose passion and prayer 
is doing "Mission in Christ's Way." 

Church of the Brethren 

June 30 to July 5, 1992 

Experience the many new facilities in Richmond 
as well as the historic sites of the area, 
including Jamestown and Williamsburg. 

Take home memories of Richmond. . . 
a city of southern charm and hospitality, 

. . . 206th Brethren Annual Conference 
with its specially planned programs related to: 

G3 the Ministers' Conference 
■ the Association of Brethren Caregivers 
■ the introduction of the New Hymnal 

with a "Jubilee" program planned for Saturday afternoon, 
■ Inspirational worship services 
the Ken Medema concert on Saturday night following worship. 




Spend the July 4th week 

with other Brethren 

in the heart of 

historic Virginia. 


I am volunteering my help with conference tasks I have marked below. 
I have numbered them in order of preference. I plan to arrive at 
Conference on June/July . 

. Brethren Press Book Exhibit 

. Registration (type badges, collect fees, sort cards) 

. Usher (business and general sessions) 

. Child care services 

. Children's activities (age 6-11) 

. Youth activities 

. Messengers (Conference business sessions) 

. Tellers (Conference business sessions) 

. Information/mail desk 

. Ticket sales 

. SERRV Exhibit 

. Annual Conference office 

Please circle 
approximate age: 



60 + 





Telephone No.. 

Additional volunteers may indicate on a separate sheet their interest 
in serving. 


(Available in May) 

Please send the following: 

copies at S7. 00 each of the 1992 Annual Conference Booklel 

(regular binding) 

copies at SI0.50eachof the 1992 Annual Conference Bookie 

(spiral binding) 

1992 Annual Conference Information packet. 

(Add $1.00 for postage and handling) 





Amount remitted S_ 

(Delegates sending the delegate authorization form and registration fe< 
will automatically receive one program booklet without further cost. 

There will be no pre-conference registration for non-delegates thi 

Information about Conference programs and reservation forms ma) 
be obtained by containing your pastor or write: 

Annual Conference Manager 

1451 Dundee Avenue 

Elgin, Illinois 60120 

Church of the Brethren March 1992 




r JJ2 Manng t 

Religious leaders 
tell the candidates 

What we're 
worried about 


Beverly Good 

Beverly Good says he understands now what deadlines mean 
to us "Elgin" folks. He should, since the deadline for this 
month's Messenger had him dashing around as much as it 
did the editor. 

The crisis came up the night before the March deadline. I 
was starting to paste up the "Close to Home" pages. Suddenly I 
realized that while I had assumed I had sufficient photos for the 
feature, there actually was only one photo — of 
Brethren Colleges Abroad students — in the "Close 
to Home" folder. 

Panic set in. It was 1 1 p.m. The paste-up must be 
ready to go out the next day. And not enough photos 
for "Close to Home"! 

I cast about for a way out. I had an item about 
Beverly Good's Maple Spring congregation and its 
apple project in Honduras, taken from a newspaper 
clipping he had sent me. There was a photo in the 
newspaper story, but I had neglected to send off 
for it. 

What followed was an act of faith. I scaled in a 
photo box, based on the newspaper photo, trusting 
that somehow I could get the photo from Pennsylvania in time. 
(The photo would be needed a day later than the paste-up we 
were turning in.) Bev is an old buddy of mine from college 
days, so I knew he would do his best to help me. 

Next morning, I phoned Maple Spring church, and got past 
the first hurdle: Bev was in. I explained my situation and asked 
him to help me out. He was uncertain that he could get the 
newspaper photo, but promised to try. He would call back. 
"Don't hold your breath," he told me. "Yes, I will!" I replied. 
The pins and needles were getting sharp by the time Bev 
called back . . . actually just a short time later. The day was 
saved. He had called the newspaper. Someone had rushed the 
photo to his office. "It's here on my desk!" he exulted. Mean- 
while he had called the post office, and extracted a promise to 
"hold the truck" for him. Bev assured me the photo would reach 
me next morning, by overnight mail service. I began breathing 

"Send me a bill," I admonished Bev. "Hey! No problem. 
Glad to help," he said. 

So, don't tell me that Brethren out in the pews don't support 
the General Board staff. Or . . . was it that college buddy 
connection? Either way, I met my deadline another month. 
Thanks, Bev, ol' buddy. 

COMING NEXT MONTH: Findings from a survey on the 
Church of the Brethren love feast. 

March 1992 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Suellen Shively 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: . 

Atlantic Northeast, Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer. Illinois/Wiscon 
Fletcher FarTar Jr.; Northern Indiana, Lee 
Holderread; Michigan, Marie Willoughb) 
Mid-Atlantic, Ann Fouts; Missouri. Mary 
Greim; Southern Missouri/Arkansas, Ma 
McGowan; Northern Plains, Pauline Flor 
Northern Ohio, Sherry Sampson; Southet 
Ohio, Shirley Petry; Oregon/Washington, 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Southwe 
Randy Miller; Middle Pennsylvania. Pegj 
Over; Southern Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. 
Glenn; Western Pennsylvania, Jay Christi 
Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Virlina, Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains, Dean Hummer; 
West Marva. Winoma Spurgeon. 


Messenger is the official publication of th 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as secon< 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, Ni 
1 , 1 984. Messenger is a 
member of the Associated 
Church Press and a subscribe 
to Religious News Service ar 
Ecumenical Press Service. 
Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individual 
rate, $10.50 church group plan, $10.50 gi 
subscriptions. Student rate 75tf an issue. I 
you move, clip address label and send wil 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. Alloi 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Com 
mission. Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgir 
111., and at additional mailing office. Mart 
1992. Copyright 1992, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-035.' 
POSTMASTER: Send address change* 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 


\ Touch 2 

lose to Home 


ews 6 

'orldwide 9 

jrward . . . Seeking the 

JMind of Christ 


ixed Reviews 


epping Stones 


etters 25 

•ntius' Puddle 


timing Points 


ditorial 32 


bver, 16: Ken Rieman 
>ide front cover, 4: Nan Temyer 
■ 14: art by Kermon Thomasson 
! Richard T. Meagher 
lower left: Mary Stowe 
right: Karen S. Carter 
Yvonne Dilling 
\: Richard C. Winfield 

Meet The Brethren Church 10 

Beginning a series on Brethren groups that hark back to 
Schwarzenau, William G. Willoughby describes The 
Brethren Church. 

A hymn with Ella 13 

For Ruth Naylor, hearing a familiar hymn sung reminded her 
of the common journey we make as Christians. 

The treasures we choose 14 

Robbie Miller explains why the time is crucial to examine 
where our treasures are. 

What we're worried about 16 

Religious leaders outline what they think political candidates 
should be talking about in this year's presidential campaign. 

Page 14 

Cover: The 1989 "Housing Now!" demonstration in Washington, D.C., 
focused on one of the social problems facing the country. In "What We're 
Worried About" (page 16), a cross-section of religious leaders tells the 
presidential candidates what issues belong in the 1992 campaign. 

March 1992 Messenger 1 


War and peace 

"Ain't gonna study war no 
more," runs an old pacifist 
folk song. Dennis Frye, how- 
ever, is both a pacifist and a 
student of the Civil War. 

Dennis grew up in Pleasant 
Valley, Md., within 10 miles 

has published three books on 
the topic. 

It surprises many people to 
find out that Dennis is a 
member of the Church of the 
Brethren — from the nearby 
Brownsville (Md.) congrega- 
tion. Visitors to the park 
often ask him how, as a 

Dennis Frye, chief historian at Harpers Ferry National Park, 
finds his Brethren pacifism gives him a different viewpoint. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos I black 
and white, if possible) to ' 'In 
Touch," Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin, 1L 60120. 

of both Antietam and Harpers 
Ferry National Parks. He 
describes the area as "the 
epitome of Civil War 
country." As a child, he 
roamed these battlefields and 
assisted his father, often 
called the unofficial historian 
for Washington County, in 
giving bus tours of the area. 
Dennis has worked for 1 2 
years at Harpers Ferry 
National Park, most recently 
as the chief historian. His 
specialty is the Civil War, 
and, at age 33, he already 

pacifist, he can devote his life 
to the study of the Civil 
War — the most destructive 
war in our history. Dennis 
says it really isn't so difficult. 

"The Civil War shows man 
at his best and his worst. I 
study man and man's reaction 
to war, not battles," he ex- 
plains. "My pacifism enables 
me to have a better under- 
standing of man's responses, 
as well as a foundation from 
which to study war." 

One of the most interesting 
spots on the Antietam Battle- 

field, for Dennis, is the area 
known as the Corn Field, 
scene of the bloodiest 
fighting of the 1862 battle. 
Ironically, the 30 acres of 
farmland was owned by a 
member of the Mumma 
Brethren congregation, whose 
meetinghouse stood only 
about 800 yards away. This 
"little Dunker church" 
witnessed the awful battle 
that left 23,000 men dead 
around it. (See October 
1985, page 20.) 

Dennis says that visitors 
are surprised when he takes 
them through the restored 
meetinghouse and explains 
that the Dunkers there were 
opposed to war. 

"The juxtaposition of the 
holocaust of the battlefield 
and the pacifism of the 
Dunkers is especially mean- 
ingful for me," Dennis ex- 
plains. "These two symbols 
sort of embody my own study 
of the Civil War. In a sense, I 
am the embodiment of the 
faith in that church on that 
battlefield." — Suellen 

Reaps when he sews 

Lee Brandt began sewing 
when he was eight years old. 
At that time, he had two older 
sisters who were competing 
in 4-H. Lee credits them with 
getting him interested in 

"I kind of took after them," 
Lee says. "I started out small, 
and then later started winning 
contests." One of his first 
projects was a pillow. 

Last summer, Lee ad- 
vanced to the state 4-H 
Fashion Revue after winning 

2 Messenger March 1992 

the Gold Ribbon Senior 
Award at a regional competi- 

tion. At age 15, Lee was one 
of the youngest competitors 
at the state level. 

Far from being his first 
sewing effort, Lee's winning 
ensemble last summer was 
striped wool pants and a 
matching lined vest, an 
Oxford shirt, and a necktie. 

"Because I have to model 
my clothes, being in the 
Fashion Revue has helped me 
to be more talkative and at 
ease when I'm in front of 
people," Lee says 

Lee is a member of 

Chiques Church of the 
Brethren, in Manheim, Pa. 


Names in the news 

Clara Glover, of New 
Carlisle (Ohio) Church of the 
Brethren, received the 1991 
Wilbur Brumbaugh Memorial 
Scholarship, awarded by the 
Association for the Arts in 
the Church of the Brethren 
(AACB). Among Clara's 
interests are creating worship 
centers and banners. 

• Judith Myers- Walls, of 
the Lafayette (Ind.) Church 
of the Brethren, was quoted 
in the December 9, 1991, 
issue of Newsweek, page 6. 
In a survey, the Purdue 
University professor found 
that children had been kept 
ignorant of the death and 
suffering caused by the US 
invasion of Iraq. Judith wrote 
our October 1991 cover 
story — "Children at Risk." 

• Esther and Emmert 
Bittinger, of Bridgewater 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren, 
recently served two and a half 
weeks as program volunteers 
in the Brethren Historical 

Esther and Emmert Bittinger were volunteer library helpers. 

Library and Archives, in 
Elgin, 111. Program Volunteer 
Service is a great way to 
serve for folks who can 
commit themselves to only a 
short stint, or otherwise find 
it impractical to enter 
Brethren Volunteer Service. 
For information, call (800) 
323-8039 and ask for Mary or 
Ned Stowe, the directors. 

• Sara Stoops, of the 
Waynesboro (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren, was the 1991 
winner of the Gettysburg 
(Pa.) Travel Council's 13th 
annual Gettysburg Address 
Essay Contest. The 14-year- 
old essayist wrote on "What 
the Gettysburg Address 
Means to Me." 

• Mark Longwell, of Plum 
Creek Church of the Breth- 
ren, near Elderton, Pa., 
attended the National 4-H 
Congress in Chicago in 
December, after being 
selected as the Pennsylvania 
4-H winner in citizenship. 
Mark is president of Western 
Pennsylvania District's youth 
steering committee. 

• Andrew Loomis, of the 
University Baptist/Brethren 
congregation, State College, 
Pa.; Joel Meyer, of York 
Center Church of the Breth- 
ren, Lombard, 111.; and Joann 
Rishell, of Madison Avenue 
Church of the Brethren, 
York, Pa., all Juniata College 
seniors, received Community 
Contribution Awards at the 
1991 homecoming. Juniata 
College, in 1990, abandoned 
its tradition of naming a 
"homecoming queen" and. 
instead, students recognize 
classmates "who seek to 
make their community a 
better place in which to work 
and live." 

• Sarah Carter, of 

Pleasant Dale Church of the 
Brethren, near Decatur, Ind., 
won the Allen County 
Athletic Conference cross 
country meet. She also 
competed in regional and 
semi-state events. 

• Penny Henry, of Yellow 
Creek Church of the Breth- 
ren, near Everett, Pa., was 
named 1991 Volunteer of the 
Year for her volunteer work 
with Trucker/Traveler 

• Baxter Mow, scholar, 
former India missionary, and 
widower of "Sister Anna," 
turns 100 March 30. He is in 
good spirits and responding 
well to treatment for a 

malignant tumor on his vocal 
cords. Greetings to Baxter 
should be addressed: c/o Lois 
Snavely, 3828 Bryant St., 
Loris, SC 29569. 


Edna Wolf Shively. 91. 

died January 4, 1992, in La 
Verne, Calif. She served on 
national boards of the 
denomination in the 1930s 
and was director of children's 
work on the national staff 
during the 1940s. She also 
served as dean of women at 
Bridgewater College in the 
late 1950s. 

March 1 992 Messenger 3 


Hauling to Honduras 

Maple Spring Church of the 
Brethren, near Jerome, Pa., 
has sent a trailer full of 
supplies to Honduras. 

The contents of the 40-foot 
trailer include everything the 

worker in Honduras. 

The trailer project began 
with a garage sale at Maple 
Spring, and grew into a 
community gift from people 
all over Somerset County. 
Even Bible school children 
collected money and pur- 

! : 


s I 




V *vW 

»|u iS 



K MtM 



Si „.u -■iff*"* 


™ 7*y 


1 •• 


fll m ~u^*~' 


Maple Spring pastor Beverly Good spearheaded the project to send $36,000 worth of material 
aid to Honduras. The 40-foot trailer holds equipment and supplies to help Honduran apple- 
growers get into productions and sales. Chet Thomas, a Maple Spring member working in 
Honduras, heads up Project Global Village there. 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home," Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 1L 60120. 

Apple Producers Association 
of Belen, Honduras, needs to 
get into production and sales. 
The truck was driven to 
Baltimore by Maple Spring 
member Paul Mishler. 
Shipped to Honduras, it was 
to be pulled to its final 
destination by a Honduran 
trucker. It will be used by 
Project Global Village, 
administered by Chet 
Thomas, a Maple Spring 
member and long-time 

chased items. Among the 
$34,000 worth of materials in 
the trailer were 200 packets 
of school supplies, a children- 
to-children gift. 

Communing together 

A small group of Midwest 
people from the Church of 
the Brethren and The 
Brethren Church have been 

meeting for almost two years 
now, in an activity they call 
the Brethren Way of Christ. 

Participants first get 
together for a 3-day retreat, 
then divide into smaller 
groups that meet weekly for 
spiritual encouragement and 
accountability. Speaking for 
the group, Rachel Gross, of 
North Manchester, Ind., says 
the Brethren Way of Christ 
serves two purposes: It works 
at the Church of the Brethren 
"Goals for the '90s" by 
emphasizing spiritual renewal 
and growth, and it brings 
together people of two 
denominations that, before 
the early 1880s, were one. 

More Brethren Way of 
Christ weekends are planned 
for this spring and fall, in 

This and that 

Last fall's Labor Day parade 
in Sheldon, Iowa, had a 
unique float. Atop a flatbed 
trailer was a large scale 
model of Sheldon Church of 
the Brethren's meetinghouse. 
The model, measuring five 
feet by eight feet, was the 
work of pastor Leland Grove, 
assisted by members of the 

• Eight youth from 
Chicago (111.) First Church 
of the Brethren spent two 
days with eight youth from 
Florence Church of the 
Brethren, near Centerville, 
Mich., late last summer. The 
group then traveled to 
Chicago for two more days of 
interaction. Remarked James 
Beckwood, a Chicago First 
youth, "It was great to get to 
know kids from churches 

4 Messenger March 1 992 

and homes so different from 
ours. They wake up and see 
cornfields and horses, and we 
just see streets and Sears 
Tower (the world's tallest 

• The men of the Canaan 
Church of the Brethren, 
Gibbon Glade, Pa., recently 
worked to restore the Old 
Canaan one-room school 
(next door to the church). The 
school is a Fayette County 
historical site. 

• Bridgewater Health- 
care, Inc., Bridgewater, Va., 
held a kickoff campaign in 
November for a drive to raise 
funds for renovation and 
expansion of Bridgewater 
Home and Retirement 
Village. Walking tours of the 
prospective building sites 
were a part of the event. 

• A Brethren Peace 
Fellowship has formed in 
Western Plains District and 
published its first newsletter. 
Contact: Peace Center, P.O. 
Box 426, Quinter, KS 67752. 

• Springfield (111.) First 
Church of the Brethren, for 
the eighth consecutive year, 
prepared and delivered meals 
on Christmas Day to desig- 
nated needy people of its 

Campus Comments 

Juniata College celebrated 
Martin Luther King Jr.'s 
birthday with an afternoon 
program that featured as 
speakers sophomore Ayinde 
Alakoye, co-president of the 
college's African-American 
Student Association, and 
1990 graduate Lynn Merritt, 
a founding member of the 

• Elizabethtown College 

opened an exhibit and lecture 
series February 6 called "The 
Mirror of the Martyrs." 
Running through April 5, 
they highlight the martyrdom 

of hundreds of Anabaptists in 
Europe in the 16th century. 
The March 5 lecture in the 
series will be delivered by 
Elizabethtown professor 
Donald F. Durnbaugh — "The 
Legacy of Suffering and 
Persecution in the Church of 
the Brethren." 

Etchings from the 1 685 
edition of the book Martyrs 
Mirror were highlighted in 
the April 1991 MESSENGER. 

• Elizabethtown College 
is building a 24,000-square- 
foot, glass and brick addition 
to its Baugher Student 
Center, scheduled to open 
next fall. The new building 
will provide space for 
recreation, social activities, 
lounges, meeting rooms, and 
physical fitness facilities. 

• Bridgewater College 
featured international food, 
costumes, games, folk tales, 
and music during its Interna- 
tional Awareness Week, 
January 19-24. Bridgewater 
has 29 international students, 

from 13 countries, on campus 
this year. 

• Juniata College's Peace 
and Conflict Studies (PACS) 
Committee recently spon- 
sored a symposium on 
nuclear issues. Eight Juniata 
students made presentations. 
Juniata is one of about 100 
US colleges and universities 
that offer an academic 
program in peace and conflict 

• The mood is upbeat at the 
University of La Verne, 
which celebrated its centen- 
nial in 1990-91 (leaving only 
Elizabethtown College still 
anticipating its 100th 
birthday— in 2000). 

According to University of 
La Verne president Steve 
Morgan, 2,300 people and 
organizations contributed 
$2,624,861 during the 
centennial year. Also, the 
university's five-year capital 
campaign, Partnership '91, 
concluded with $13.1 million 
received. This surpassed the 

original goal of J 
by 49 percent. 


Steve Morgan 

• Manchester College 

students Greg Hollinger 
(standing, left, in photo 
below), Mark Neher (left 
front), and Keith Stouder 
(right front), are among 
Brethren Colleges Abroad 
participants studying in 
Dalian, China. Also pictured 
is William Albright (center), 
retired Bridgewater College 
professor, director for the 

BCA students, director William Albright, and their guide pose 
in a traditional Chinese kexhole doorway in Dalian, China. 

March 1992 Messenger 5 


Brethren leaders go to Cuba 
for an ecumenical conference 

"Tears just flow knowing how hungry 
and limited in the simplest things" the 
Cubans are, said Phyllis Carter, one of 
two Brethren representatives who went 
to Cuba in December for a special con- 
sultation of Christian leaders. 

Carter, this year's Annual Conference 
moderator, joined Yvonne Dilling, Gen- 
eral Board staff for Latin America and 
the Caribbean, in a US delegation to the 
meeting. Others attended from churches 
throughout the Western hemisphere. 

The Cuban Ecumenical Council called 
the meeting to gather Christian support 
in light of recent world changes and op- 
portunities for growth. Members of the 
council alerted visitors to the severe eco- 
nomic situation in their country, particu- 
larly shortages of food, soap, medicine, 
and oil. They cited the US blockade, in 
place since 1961, as the cause of the 
hardships and urged US church leaders 
to actively oppose the embargo. 

Carter said she was "appalled" at the 
effects of the embargo and said it is an 
act of violence. She urged Brethren to 
press for the embargo to be lifted. (In 
1985, Annual Conference passed a reso- 
lution urging the US government to 
restore normal diplomatic and trade rela- 
tions with Cuba.) 

Dilling was also struck by the severity 
of Cuba's economic crisis. She cited the 
fact that, as of December 15, Cuba had 
no signed contracts for petroleum im- 
ports for 1992. "The Bush administration 
has quietly threatened other nations with 
cutting our aid if they sign oil contracts 
with Cuba — nations such as Venezuela 
and Mexico," she said. 

In contrast with the grim economic sit- 
uation, however, was the optimism of 
Cuba's church leaders. "The experience 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church of the Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not 
necessarily represent the opinions of Messenger or 
the Church of the Brethren. 

Moderator Phyllis Carter presented Cuban Christians with fabric donated by Brethr, 
women in the US. The fabric was pre-cut into garments to be completed in Cuba. 

of the reuniting of the churches of the 
hemisphere was a very powerful one," 
Carter said. She enjoyed the exuberant 
Cuban worship, joyful despite the suffer- 
ing Cuban Christians have experienced. 

Until recently, Cuba's constitution 
discriminated against Christians, who 
suffered the loss of job and social oppor- 
tunities, and were not allowed to join the 
Communist Party. But as a result of new 
respect for Christians by the govern- 
ment, the ecumenical group was able to 
meet with President Fidel Castro for sev- 
eral hours. 

"Castro was fascinating," Carter said. 
He said several times that "the traitor to 
the revolution was atheism," Carter said. 
But she was not impressed by his an- 
swers to questions about human rights. 
There is still a great deal of admiration 
and love for Castro in Cuba, she added. 

Many of the Latin American church 
leaders were "anguished" at the fragility 
of the socialist system in Cuba, Carter 
said. If the revolution fails there, she ex- 
plained, they feel it will mean one less 
political model for the region. 

Dilling believes that openness to reli- 
gious expression will grow in Cuba. 
Bibles are now sold in public bookstores, 
and although house churches are still 
forbidden in the constitution, she said 
they are flourishing. 

Leaders of the Cuban Pentecostal 
Church, a partner denomination to the 

Church of the Brethren, thanked Cartel 
for the quality of the Brethren who hav 
visited them and were especially gratef 
for Dilling's leadership, Carter said. 

The Cuban Christians also respondec 
positively to the first visit of an Annua 
Conference moderator, who is also a 
woman. Carter said the Cubans found 
her presence a sign that the Church of 
the Brethren lives up to its ideals, beinj 
a church by and for all of its people. 

"We came away renewed in our depl 
of respect for the Cuban church and its 
faithful witness all of these years," Dil- 
ling said. "We must respect (Cubans) 
when they say that they want internal a 
justments, but not a whole new system 
for the country." 


National Youth Peace Camp for high 
school age youth at camp Shepherd's 
Spring near Hagerstown, Md., July 5-11 
[contact peace consultant David Radcliff, 
(800) 323-8039]. 

Young Adult Work Camp in Smolensk, 
Russia, August 3-22, for ages 18-30, 
sponsored by the US National Council of 
Churches and the Russian Orthodox 
Church [contact Brethren Europe and 
Asia representative Lamar Gibble, (800) 

6 Messenger March 1992 

ew committee to propose 
lobal church structure 

I new Global Church Structure/Polity 
bmmittee will "try to identify what the 
lationship of the Church of the Breth- 
n is to the rest of the church, to the 
obal church," according to David 
aas, chairman. 

The committee "arises out of the fact 
at the (Church of the Brethren) is 
owing" internationally, Waas said, 
ting work already launched in Korea 
id the Dominican Republic, as well as 
terest expressed in the Philippines. 
Committee members, appointed by 
nnual Conference and General Board 
ficers, include Robert Kettering, asso- 
?ate executive for Atlantic Northeast 
istrict; Donald Miller, general secre- 
ry of the General Board; Mary Jo Flory 
ieury, a pastor at Troy (Ohio) Church 
if the Brethren; past Annual Conference 
ioderator Phil Stone; Wayne Zunkel, 
iistor of Panorama City (Calif.) Church 
I the Brethren; and Waas, who retired 
st year as a professor at Manchester 
id.) College. 

The committee is working on a docu- 
ent of recommendations to be pro- 

posed to Annual Conference's Standing 
Committee. The issue is "complex," 
Waas said, because there presently are 
no policies governing ordination of 
pastors outside the US or the implica- 
tions of international property owner- 
ship. Another issue is the impact new 
churches will have on the present Breth- 
ren body in the US. 

"It's not only who lays on hands," 
Waas said. "It's who tells them to lay on 

Peace agreement reached 
but Christians get threats 

A peace agreement reached New Year's 
Day in El Salvador and finalized January 
16 "was the best New Year's present I 
could hear," said Yvonne Dilling, Gen- 
eral Board staff for Latin America and 
the Caribbean. 

However, in what world ecumenical 
leaders characterized as a last, desperate 
attempt to scuttle the peace agreement, a 
secret group issued death threats against 
leaders in El Salvador's new National 
Council of Churches. The threat, issued 

by a group calling itself the Secret Army 
of National Salvation, listed the coun- 
cil's 1 1 board members by name, includ- 
ing two who were captured and held 
briefly by the Salvadoran military in 
November and January. 

The peace accord, reached under the 
auspices of the United Nations and 
signed by both sides January 16 in Mex- 
ico City, is meant to bring a halt to fight- 
ing between government and rebel 
forces. The agreement "chops the mili- 
tary in half, disarms the insurgents, and 
leads the way to the end of a bloody 12- 
year civil war" that has claimed more 
than 75,000 lives, according to the Chi- 
cago Tribune. The militarized police 
forces will also be disbanded and a civ- 
ilian police force will be created, open to 
both former soldiers and rebels. 

There is a definite chance that the 
agreement will succeed, Dilling said. 
The accords are just, she said, and en- 
compass the points that are important at 
this time. Now the task is to see that all 
parties abide by the accord. 

"The challenge facing the churches 
both in El Salvador and the US is to 
participate in the actual constructing of a 
peaceful society," she said. 

Ecumenical project sends 
food boxes to Moscow 

Brethren have been invited to join a 
food aid effort to the former Soviet 
Union. The food is distributed in 
cities where there are serious food 

Along with other US Christians, 
Brethren have been making food 
packages to be shipped in container- 
loads to Moscow. The project is part 
of a worldwide Christian effort coor- 
dinated by the World Council of 
Churches, which has assigned parti- 
cular Soviet areas to be served by 
churches in different parts of the 
globe. US efforts are directed at Mos- 
cow and are coordinated by the Unit- 
ed Methodist Committee on Relief. 

Boxes are shipped via the Church 
of the Brethren New Windsor (Md.) 

Service Center. Packing instructions 
have been sent to Brethren congrega- 
tions. For more information call (800) 

The Church of the Brethren also has 
given a $10,000 grant from the Emer- 

5 lbs. flour 
5 lbs. sugar 
5 lbs. pasta 
5 lbs. rice 
5 lbs. canned meat 

1 lb. dehydrated soups 

2 lbs. cooking oil (canned) 
5 lbs. powdered milk 

1 lb. tea 

1 lb. fruit juice (dehydrated) 

1 lb. solid chocolate 


gency Disaster Fund toward the food 
effort, and is facilitating development 
of a long-term agricultural exchange 
and development program in the for- 
mer Soviet Union, under the auspices 
of Church World Service. 

March 1992 Messenger 7 

Sales of new hymnal are 
exceeding expectations 

Church of the Brethren and Mennonite 
publishers have experienced booming 
sales of a new hymnal to be released in 

"The pre-publication selling is much 
higher than we anticipated," said Robert 
Durnbaugh, publisher's representative 
for Brethren Press. 

As of mid-January, Brethren Press had 
received orders for over 61,000 copies of 
the pew version of the hymnal and over 
$800,000 in sales, including sales of 
related products. The new hymnal will 
replace the present Brethren hymnal, 
published in 1951. 

The two Mennonite partners in the 

Christ the Servant thanks 
the larger church with gifts 

Christ the Servant Church of the 
Brethren, Cape Coral, Fla., has giv-en 
to the General Board and Atlantic 
Southeast District "our tithe of the net 
profit" of the sale of its land, accord- 
ing to pastor Donald H. Shank. 

The money "wasn't ours to begin 
with," he said. "We had a strong 
enough sense of leadership in the 
church" to give $20,000 to the Gen- 
eral Board and the same amount to 
the district, Shank said. The congre- 
gation's three acres have been sold 
for $975,000, of which Shank said 
about $400,000 is profit. 

The three acres were originally part 
of eight acres bought by the General 
Board for about $24,000 in 1977. The 
year before, Donald and his wife, 
Eileen, had begun a church-planting 
project in Cape Coral and decided 
they needed land for a building. 

Donald Shank said it was a big risk 
to buy the property. It wasn't serviced 
by a road, and was in fact "out in 
swamp land." But those who looked 
at the land were "in the right place at 
the right time," Shank said. He com- 
pared it to the loaves and the fishes — 

project — the Mennonite Church (MC) 
and the General Conference Mennonite 
Church (GC) — have also received more 
orders than expected. The MC's Menno- 
nite Publishing House has received or- 
ders for about 27,500 copies of the pew 
hymnal. The GC's Faith and Life has 
received orders for about 14,500 copies. 

With a membership of 148,000 in 
about 1,100 churches, the Church of the 
Brethren share of sales represents a hym- 
nal for every two and a half members. 
With a membership of 1 1 1,000, the MC 
share is about one hymnal for every four 
members. The GC share is also close to 
one hymnal for every four members, 
with a membership of 62,900. 

The new hymnal is the result of years 
of work by an interdenominational Hym- 

the risk paid off "by God's grace." 

The General Board owned the 
property until 1980, when the church 
building was finished, and then deed- 
ed three acres at the front of the prop- 
erty to the congregation. In 1989 the 
Board sold its five acres for $450,000. 

When "we realized we would be in 
a corner of a major commercial de- 
velopment," said Shank, the congre- 
gation concluded that its placement 
would become a severe handicap and 
that the value of the property would 
fall. So they decided to sell, and pur- 
chased a new five-acre plot about a 
mile away. 

A new church building is to be 
finished in August, at a cost of 
$550,000. The congregation is paying 
rent at its previous site until the old 
church is demolished at the end of 
May, and will rent another meeting 
place until the new building is ready. 
The congregation will end up borrow- 
ing about $150,000 to complete the 

The $40,000 given to the Board and 
district isn't begrudged by many in 
the congregation, Shank said. "It was 
given to us by everybody in the de- 
nomination. It's a way of saying 
'Thank you' to the larger church." 

nal Council, which originally also in- 
cluded the Churches of God, General 
Conference. The project began in De- 
cember 1983. 

People of the Covenant 
translations produced 

"The possibility of having some specia 
Bible studies and perhaps a video trans 
lated into Spanish is really exciting for 
the church," said June Gibble, coordin; 
tor of the Church of the Brethren Peop 
of the Covenant program. 

Two People of the Covenant studies. 
Covenant in the Bible and in our Lives 
and Ephesians: Living in Christian Co, 
munity, are being translated by membe 
of the Christian Church (Disciples of 
Christ) and will be available later this 
spring. A third study, God's Coming 
Realm: A Vision of Shalom, is to be 
available by the end of the year. All 
three also may be translated into Korei 
The Disciples formed a partnership in 
People of the Covenant with the Churc 
of the Brethren two years ago. 

The Disciples also are making a Spa 
ish translation of the People of the Co\ 
enant video, Woven Together in Love. 

District ministries director 
will retire in mid-summer 

Donald E. Rowe has announced his re- 
tirement effective July 15 as director c 
district ministries for the General Boat 
a position he has held since 1987. 
He has held several other positions 
with the General 
Board, including 
director of inter- 
pretation, directc 
of field ministrie 
and director of 
personnel in the 
World Ministrie: 
»„„oiji ■.«,.»,. Commission. He 

also has served i 
Annual Conference manager and as ex 
ecutive for Mid-Atlantic District. 


8 Messenger March 1992 

disaster grants go to Sudan, 
'uerto Rico, Persian Gulf 

grant of $20,000 from the Emergency 
disaster Fund (EDF) has been given for 
:patriation of displaced people in Su- 
san. The grant has been allocated to the 
jul Area Benevolent Society. Earlier 
rants assisted in the successful repatria- 
pn of 3,250 Sudanese refugees. 
j A grant of $20,000 has been given 
,om the Global Food Crisis Fund to pur- 
nase food for the war-torn Persian Gulf 
jtea. The area is still recovering from 
ie gulf war, which began a year ago in 

| An EDF grant of $10,000 has been 
iven in response to floods and mud 
,ides in Puerto Rico. The money will 
^nd the work of Brethren disaster work- 
rs and the shipment of medicines. 

Disaster relief director Donna Derr 
aid in mid-January that there was poten- 
al for a long-term relief project in Puer- 
) Rico. At the time, the numbers of 

homeless were "pretty high," she said, 
and Puerto Rican Brethren were already 
at work helping with food distribution. 

A group of Haitian Brethren who have 
moved back to Haiti from the Domini- 
can Republic have been aided by a grant 
of $1,486 in EDF funds. The grant was 
used following the coup in Haiti to help 
cover expenses of resettlement. 

Summer camp project nets 
over $7,000 to plant trees 

"This is just another way that we can 
extend the ministry of the church 
through outdoor ministries and give our 
children and youth a more global per- 
spective," said Outdoor Ministries staff 
Nancy Knepper. 

Trees for Life, the Outdoor Ministries 
Association 1991 summer offering proj- 
ect, collected $7,768.72, which will pay 
for nearly 2,600 trees. Money was raised 

through special offerings, as well as 
fundraising events such as auctions or 
work days. 

Twelve Brethren camps participated: 
Brethren Woods, Blue Diamond. Car- 
mel, Eder, Galilee, Ithiel, Mack, Mar- 
dela, Mon-Dak, Swatara, Inspiration 
Hills, and Shepherd's Spring. Jody John- 
son, administrative assistant for Camp 
Eder, received a Trees for Life T-shirt 
for reporting the most creative method 
of fundraising. 

iome 2,000 Haitian refugees have been allowed into the US 
n a temporary basis from a camp at a US military base in Guanta- 
amo, Cuba. The Coast Guard began picking up the refugees at sea 
i October. The Haitians are fleeing repression and a grim economic 
ituation in their home country, where "arrests without warrant, beat- 
igs, torture, and killings are becoming more and more common," ac- 
ording to the US National Council of Churches. 

About 600 refugees will be returned to Haiti, according to Donna 
'err, director of the Church of the Brethren refugee and disaster of- 
ce. Most of those coming to the US are joining family members. The 
; hurch of the Brethren is helping to seek sponsors for those without 
rniily in the US. 

Free supplies of infant formula no longer will be given out in 
992 by members of Infant Formula Manufacturers (IFM), according to 
n agreement reached with IFM and reported by Christian Social 
\ction. An Infant Formula Task Force met in September with IFM 
spresentatives and representatives of corporations including Nestle, 
tarnation, and Bristol-Myers/Squibb. The task force is concerned 
bout renewed efforts by infant formula companies to market formula 
i the US through direct advertising, which has also been a problem in 
eveloping countries. A well-known boycott of infant formula has es- 
ecially targeted Nestle for marketing in developing countries. Infant 

formula leads mothers to stop breast feeding, is expensive, and may 
be detrimental to an infant's health. 

New releases from the World Council of Churches include a 
Dictionary of the Ecumenical Movement with ecumenical themes, 
events, organizations, personalities, and theological discussions; 
Signs of the Spirit, the official report of the WCC seventh assembly, 
held last year in Australia; Canberra Take-Aways, drawing connec- 
tions between the assembly experience and the life of congregations; 
"Music from the Tent," a cassette of assembly music; and an assem- 
bly highlights video and slide set. Contact the WCC Distribution Cen- 
ter, P.O. Box 346, Rt. 222 and Sharadin Rd., Kutztown, PA 19530. 

A campaign to discredit the South African Council of 
Churches is underway, according to SACC head Frank Chikane. An 
unsigned memo has been circulated to news reporters alleging that 
the SACC misused funds intended for repatriation of South African 
exiles. Previously, a pamphlet was circulated purporting to be from the 
SACC and containing an apology for involvement in the sanctions 
movement. Chikane connected the disinformation campaign with a 
statement by South African President F. W. de Klerk that the gov- 
ernment would use all means to oppose groups that support sanctions 
against South Africa. 

March 1992 Messenger 9 


Meet The Brethren Church 

This July the five major Brethren groups will celebrate 250 
years of annual meetings by holding a first-ever Brethren 
World Assembly. As that event approaches, MESSENGER is 
presenting, in monthly installments, articles about each of the 
participating groups. Writer for the series is Church of the 

Brethren theologian and historian William G. Willoughby. 

For information about the Brethren World Assembly, read 
Donald Durnbaugh' s "Freedom to Come Together," October 
1991 (but note that the assembly's dates are July 15-18, not 
July 25-28 as given in that article). 

by William G. Willoughby 

"Why, they're just like us!" exclaimed a 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
after attending a service of The Brethren 

"Not quite," I replied. "In practice and 
worship we are very similar, but they're 
much more conservative theologically." 

"A lot of us in the Church of the 
Brethren are conservative, too," he 
replied, "and I felt quite at home in the 
Brethren service." 

"That's true, but we have a much 
wider range of diversity and, I believe, 
are more faithful to the historic non- 
creedalism of the early Brethren." 

"Yes, but they say they also are non- 
creedal. And they seem to know what 
they believe, while we seem rather 
'mixed up.' " 

"I don't think we are 'mixed up.' 
Don't forget, we have the New Testa- 
ment as our rule of faith and practice." 

"But so do they!" he responded. 

Which is true. There are, however, 
wide differences in interpretation and 

1 Messenger March 1 992 

Upon one aspect of our conversation 
we could readily agree: The Brethren 
Church is more like the Church of the 
Brethren than any of the other groups of 
Brethren (Old German Baptist Brethren, 
Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches, 
and Dunkard Brethren). 

The Brethren Church is the result of 
the divisions of our church in 1881-83, 
when two groups separated from the 
main body — the "conservatives," who 
are known today as the Old German 
Baptist Brethren, and the "progressives," 
who were much more open to new ideas 
and practices, and who today call 
themselves "The Brethren Church." 

Impatient with the slow pace of 
change of the main body, the "Pro- 
gressive Brethren" wanted to "keep pace 
with the times." They were a growing 
movement in the church from about 
1850 to 1883. Their oft-cited slogan was 
"In essentials, unity; in non-essentials, 
liberty; in all things, charity." 

They opposed mandatory "plain dress" 
and rigidity in worship services. They 
supported congregational autonomy, 
Sunday schools, revival services, foreign 

and home missions, and secondary and 
higher education. On all these issues 
they met strong resistance at successive 
Annual Meetings. 

Henry R. Holsinger was the leader 
of the Progressive movement. He 
repeatedly challenged positions taken 
by the Standing Committee of Annual 
Meeting. He even wrote an article for 
the periodical Progressive Christian 
titled "Is the Standing Committee a 
Secret Organization?" 

Holsinger was especially impatient 
with the slow-moving, conservative 
stance of the church at the local and 
district levels. Five different districts 
brought charges against him at the 
Ashland, Ohio, Annual Meeting in 1881 
A committee was appointed to investi- 
gate the matter, to visit Holsinger at his 
church in Berlin, Pa., and to bring back 
report to the next Annual Meeting. 
Because of procedural disagreements, 
the actual hearing at Berlin was never 

Interest in this matter was so lively 
that about 10,000 people attended the 
Annual Meeting at Arnold's Grove, nea 

Milford, Ind., in 1882. The Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad even built a special 
spur, one-and-a-half miles long, to 
accommodate special trains. For miles 
around, houses and barns were used for 
sleeping quarters. A large tent with a 
seating capacity for 5,000 was erected 
for general meetings. 

1 he "'Berlin Committee" report, 
however, was the focus of attention. It 
brought the recommendation that 
Holsinger be disfellowshiped for 
insubordination. Bearded elders spoke 
eloquently on behalf of the report, 
arguing that Holsinger had violated the 
traditional practices of the Brethren. 

In defense, "Progressive" elders 
responded passionately, contending that 
the basic issue was between human 
legalism and the freedom of the gospel. 
One of Holsinger's supporters wrote of 
him that he "is now, and always has 
been, too far ahead of his day and 

The sentiment of the delegates lay 
with the committee's recommendation 
and, when the vote was taken, a large 
majority voted to accept the report. The 
opposition rallied to Holsinger's support, 
and plans were laid for a future confer- 
ence of Progressives. 

On June 6, 1883, in Dayton, Ohio, The 
Brethren Church was organized as a 
separate and distinct denomination. 
Holsinger was the first moderator of its 
General Conference and was influential 
in leading The Brethren Church to 
accept sponsorship of Ashland College, 
which had been founded in 1878. In 
1901 he completed the book The History 
of the Tunkers and the Brethren Church. 

A church historian, familiar with 
Holsinger's life and thought, told me 
that Holsinger, in his later years, came to 
regret the rupture, and believed it could 
have been prevented if the Progressives 
had been a little more patient, and if the 
leaders of Annual Meeting had been 
more conciliatory. 

By the 20th century, the Church 
of the Brethren (the name chosen in 
1908 by the main body of Brethren) 
had generally accepted most of the 

programs formerly advocated by the 
Progressives. It is generally understood 
that The Brethren Church, at least for a 
period of time, probably would have 
welcomed a reconciliation, but the 
Church of the Brethren did not consider 
this a possibility. In the 1930s there was 
a strong movement toward merger 
favored by leaders of both groups, but it 
did not succeed. 

Today the Church of the Brethren 
probably would welcome such a recon- 
ciliation, but some leaders of The 
Brethren Church apparently consider the 
Church of the Brethren too liberal. 

A serious rift in The Brethren Church 
occurred in 1939 when many churches 
withdrew their support for Ashland 
College and Seminary, and established 
their own college and seminary at 
Winona Lake, Ind. They are known as 
the Fellowship of Grace Brethren 

Those churches who continued their 
support of Ashland College are known as 
The Brethren Church, or the "Ashland" 

With a denominational membership of 
approximately 15,000, Brethren Church 
congregations are located primarily in 
Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Indiana. 
Administrative headquarters are in 
Ashland, Ohio. Ashland Theological 
Seminary, accredited by the Association 
of Theological Schools, has more than 
500 students, of which about 30 are 
members of The Brethren Church. The 
seminary's motto is "The Bible, the 
whole Bible, and nothing but the Bible." 
Ashland University has an enrollment of 
over 4,000 students. 

A major emphasis of The Brethren 
Church is world missions. Today its 
missionaries serve in Argentina, Colom- 
bia, India, Malaysia, and Mexico. 

There have been many ways in which 
The Brethren Church and the Church of 
the Brethren have worked closely 
together. Some Brethren Church young 
men served in Civilian Public Service 
(CPS) camps during World War II that 
were operated by the Church of the 
Brethren. A number of Brethren Church 
young people participated in Church of 
the Brethren work camps. More recently, 

members have served in Brethren 
Volunteer Service (BVS) and Brethren 
Disaster Service. 

The Brethren Church has cooperated 
administratively and financially and 
provided personnel in mission program 
in Nigeria with the Church of the 
Brethren. Richard C. Winfield, current 
editor of The Brethren Church's maga- 
zine, The Brethren Evangelist, and his 
wife, Kitty, served 1967-1976 as 
teachers at Kulp Bible College in 

Phil and Jean Lersch, Brethren Church 
educators, have cooperated with the 
Church of the Brethren in providing 
resources through their Brethren House 

Yes, we are much alike, but in some 
respects we are quite different. We both 
cooperate with other Christian groups. 
The Brethren Church does so through 
the National Association of Evangel- 
icals, the Church of the Brethren through 
the National Council of Churches and 
World Council of Churches. 


'e both take the Bible seriously. The 
Brethren Church, as a denomination, 
though, tends to take it very literally. In 
the statement of faith subscribed to by 
all teachers at Ashland Seminary, for 
example, the Bible is referred to as 
"infallible." In the Church of the 
Brethren, this "literalist" position is not 
the predominant view, although groups 
within the denomination, such as the 
Brethren Revival Fellowship (BRF), 
view the Bible as "infallible." In the 
religion departments of colleges and at 
Bethany Theological Seminary, the 
Bible is studied from a perspective that 
might be called "historical-devotional." 

These differences between our two 
groups are no larger or more significant 
than the very large differences within the 
Church of the Brethren. The unity of our 
faith is a wide tent of love that 
can cover much diversity. 


William G. Willoughhy is a retired educator 
living in La Verne. Calif., after a teaching career at 
Bridgewater (Va.) College and the University of La 
Verne (Calif), and a stint as director of Brethren 
Senice in Europe. 

March 1992 Messenger 11 

A hymn with Ella 


r£\a s 


by Ruth Naylor 

I stood at the hospital bed of my friend, 
who was in her 90s. Her eyes were 
weakly focused beyond those of us who 
were in the room. She had been refusing 
food and water for days. It was Good 
Friday 1988. 

It seemed clear to all of us that her life 
on earth would soon end. Stories she had 
told me over the previous four years 
when I visited her in the nursing home 
flooded my mind. Ella, this silver-haired 
widow, had led a simple but love-filled 
life. She had worked in a hospital 
laundry until she was 80 — "just keeping 
busy." Now she was swathed in sheets 
similar to those which she had so 
lovingly folded for others. 

My own silent prayer was, "Lord, just 
take her in your loving arms and carry 
her home." The next morning I woke 
early and Ella was on my mind. How 
appropriate, I thought, that Ella could 
die at Eastertime. Words unfolded in my 
mind and I wrote them down. 

Ella's Easter morning 

The morning has come! 
I must call at the tomb. 
Somehow I don't really expect 

to find her there. 
The clothes of death 

will he lying empty; 
and the room of my heart 

will he filled with light, 
and hope. — Yes, 

and happiness 
that she has been released 

from her bonds 
to walk freely 

in the garden. 

12 Messenger March 1992 

And in the small hours of that Saturday 
morning between Good Friday and 
Easter, I knew that Ella's family 
members would be re-examining 
cherished memories — and there were 
words for that too: 

Time for vacation 

Weak, old eyes look up from the 

hospital bed 

searching for a familiar face. 
They focus somewhere near the 


"I want to go. I want to go." 

It's time to move to a pleasanter 

clime where ocean waves roll in 
and one can walk unencumbered 
by the snow and ice of winter — 
a place where pure sunshine warms 
the soul. 

In the morning there'll be 

a newly vacated shell on the beach 
and it will be a lovely find . . . 

washed beautiful by waves of 
We'll tenderly pick it up 

and listen for the roar of the sea. 


ut much to everyone's surprise, Ella 
lingered. The following week, when I 
visited her, the nurses had her propped 
up in a chair. "She hasn't been respond- 
ing to people at all," the head nurse told 
me, "but you can go in and try." 

Ella's eyes were closed. Indeed, she 
didn't respond. I was about to leave 
when it struck me that I ought to offer to 
pray. "Ella, would you like for me to 

pray the Lord's Prayer with you?" 

I thought I saw her nod. I took 
her hand in mine and began, "Our 
Father. ..." Her voice was raspy at first 
and then became quite clear and firm as 
she prayed each word, even taking the 
lead on some phrases. I was amazed. He 
eyes remained closed and, as I left, she 
spoke very softly and as from a distance 
"Thank you. Thank you," she said. 

±Zi 11a went back to the nursing home 
and made remarkable improvement. I 
visited her periodically and would often 
meet a member of her family either 
coming or going. Still another Easter 
came and went. 

It was late August 1989 when one of 
Ella's family members saw me on the 
street and said that she was ill again and 
not responding even to family. 

The curtain between the two beds in 
her room was partially drawn when I 
entered. Her eyes were closed. She 
looked tinier and thinner than usual. I 
spoke to her. No response. I had taken 
my Bible and was prepared to read a 
Psalm, but somehow that seemed too 
heavy, too planned. Maybe even too 

It seemed foolish to stay when she 
could not acknowledge my presence. 
Still, I took her hand in mine and just sa 
there in silence, wondering what I 
should do and how long I should stay. It 
entered my mind to softly sing a hymn 
or two. But what would her roommate 
think? I hesitated. 

The impulse did not go away, and a 
hymn that had been sung at a conference 
earlier in the summer seemed to fit what 

X\& vv 

, tnv 

knew Ella was feeling, if indeed she memories of precious moments with 

Ella, and I gave them the poems I had 

was aware at all. I could remember only 
he first stanza. 
Softly I began: 

Precious Lord, take my hand, 

Lead me on, let me stand, 

I am tired, I am weak, I am 


Thru the storm, thru the night 

Lead me on to the light, 

Take my hand, precious Lord, 

Lead me home* 

She opened her eyes wide with : 
wondering look. Where was that song 
r- coming from? Softly, she said, "Yes. Oh 
[jyes, Lord." 

! When that song was finished, I 
oaused, wondering what I should sing 
t'next. She closed her eyes. Then I began 
:he familiar "What a Friend We Have in 
lesus." At 95, Ella's voice was scratchy 
ind the tune was almost gone, but her 
aeart knew the music of the words and it 
was in her to sing. Together we sang 
:hose lyrics that have spanned genera- 
tions. Our hearts were full. 
She died a week later. 
I could hardly bear the thought of not 
attending her funeral, but I was sched- 
uled to meet in Chicago with the 
committee working on a new hymnal for 
the Church of the Brethren, General 
' Conference Mennonite Church, and the 
Mennonite Church. Three denominations 
were cooperating to select sacred 
musical treasures from the past and 
pieces that speak in new language for the 
coming decade. 

j I struggled with whether to go or stay. 
The family members and I shared 

written a year and a half earlier. They 
assured me that I should go on to the 
committee meeting. 

I awoke in Chicago on the day of 
Ella's funeral stimulated by the work at 
hand, yet wishing very much that I could 
be at home to attend the service of 
worship recognizing Ella's life. After 
breakfast, all committee members and 
all of us who were denominational 
representatives gathered for a time of 
spiritual devotion before getting on with 
the day's schedule. 

The leader, having no knowledge of 
the conflict that was in my heart, had 
chosen the theme of death for her 
meditation. She dealt beautifully with 
the subject. I felt close to Ella. It was a; 
though this special time apart was give 
to me by God because I had to miss 
Ella's funeral 

, t 

When the leader announced the 
closing hymn, the tears of sentiment an 
release could not be stayed. My throat 
was too constricted to sing, but joy 
welled in my heart as others sang the 
words, "Precious Lord, take my hand, 
lead me on. . . ." 

That song by Thomas Dorsey is not in 
our old hymnal, but it will be in our new 
one. We Christians share a common 
journey — our unity is in our 
common Guide. 


Ruth Naylor is a freelance writer from Bluffton. 

*Words and music copyrighted by Vnichapp, 
Music, Inc., Milwaukee. Wis. 

March 1992 Messenger 1 3 

The treasures we choose 

by Robbie Miller 

It was in our backyard on a spring 
afternoon, there between the old cement 
incinerator and cherry tree, where I 
pondered the most compelling of 
childhood questions: Would there be 
television in heaven? Back then I didn't 
fear dying as much as I feared separation 
from things I had become attached to 
here on earth. 

It's natural to develop fundamental 
attachments to people, places, and 
things. While we recognize the impor- 
tance of attaching ourselves to things 
that will enrich, rather than clutter, our 
lives, our culture's preoccupation with 
comfort and convenience predisposes us 
to do otherwise. 

So we become attached to razors, 
contacts, cameras, and disposable 
diapers — not because it's better for the 
environment, but because it's less time- 
consuming and more convenient. We 
become attached to televisions and 
VCRs — not because they're more 
stimulating than a good book or conver- 
sation, but because they require less 
energy and effort on our part. We 
become attached to ever larger homes 
(to have more space for our stuff), ever 
more sophisticated automobiles (to 
transport us to and from our stuff), and 
ever higher paying jobs (so we can 
afford more stuff). 

Why do we engage in this "stuffy" 
behavior? Perhaps because the culture in 
which we live has at some level con- 

vinced us that comfort and security is the 
goal of life and "stuff is the measure of 
how much we have. 

These generalizations do not apply to 
everyone. But, because the dangers of 
such attachments were such a central 
part of Jesus' teaching, I am betting he is 
addressing most of us when he said, 
" 'Do not store up for yourselves 
treasures on earth, where moth and rust 
consume and where thieves break in and 
steal; but store up for yourselves 
treasures in heaven, where neither moth 
nor rust consumes and where thieves do 
not break in and steal. For where your 
treasure is, there your heart will be 
also' "(Matt. 6:19-21). 

Jesus was not himself anti-material- 
istic, at least not in the sense of regard- 
ing matter as evil, tainted, and to be 
avoided. What, after all, is more crassly 
materialistic than the God who is Spirit 
becoming human flesh . . . with hang- 
nails and tension headaches? Didn't God 
create the material world and all that 
dwells therein and conclude "it was very 
good" (Gen. 1:31)? Wasn't Jesus even 
accused of being "a glutton and a 
drunkard" (Matt. 11:19) by those who 
sought to discredit him? 

Jesus often reminded his listeners that 
the treasures to which we attach our- 
selves inevitably determine the direction 
of our life, the character of our heart, 
and the meaning of our death. 

As a citizen of first-century Palestine, 
Jesus spoke of things treasured by his 
culture — costly clothing and stockpiles 

of grain. As a citizen of 20th-century 
North America, Jesus would speak of 
things treasured by our culture. Whether 
costly clothes or costly cars, stockpiles 
of grain or stockpiles of weapons, the 
message is still the same: "For where 
your treasure is, there your heart will 
be also." 

What about these "treasures in 
heaven"? Doesn't that sound like 
something on late-night religious TV? 

Unlike us, the Jews in Jesus' day were 
very familiar with the phrase "treasures 
in heaven." They knew it referred to 
deeds of kindness and acts of compas- 
sion here on earth that would win them 
divine approval and reward in the 
kingdom to come. 

These "treasures in heaven" about 
which Jesus spoke were not, as we might 
suppose, some kind of intangible, ultra- 
spiritual, at-the-end-of-the-age bag of 
goodies. "Treasures in heaven" were 
concrete, down-to-earth acts of kindness 
and compassion that attached a person to 
neighbor and to God. These are the 
treasures, Jesus says, that we should lay 
up for ourselves. 

Notice Jesus did not say what we 
expect him to: "For where your heart is, 
there your treasure will be also." He 
said, "For where your treasure is, there 
your heart will be also." 

I don't think Jesus was playing with 
words but, rather, was making a critical 
distinction. He was saying that the 
treasures we choose determine the 
character of our heart rather than the 


if«*-— * 

14 Messenger March 1992 


character of our heart determining the 
treasures we choose. 

While it may work both ways, I hear 
Jesus saying that the heart is more 
influenced by the treasures we choose 
than our choice of treasures is influenced 
by the heart. The early Brethren may 
ihave been more attuned to this "cause 
,and effect" relationship than we Breth- 
ren of today are, as suggested in this 
excerpt from the 1846 Annual Meeting: 

"About pride, in its various forms, 
which is creeping into the church, it is 
thought highly necessary that the Yearly 
Meeting instruct and urge it upon all the 
ioverseers of the churches to see espe- 
cially to that matter, and protest strongly 
against all manner of superfluity and 
vanity, such as building fine houses, and 
having paintings, carpetings, and costly 
furniture, etc., together with adorning 
the body too much after the fashion of 
the world." 

I don't mean to be overly simplistic in 
what is for most of us a very complex 
world. I do believe, however, that Jesus 
meant what he said about the treasures 
we choose. If anything, it is even more 
.critical today because there is so much 
more to attach ourselves to. 

If we as Brethren say the New 
Testament is our guide for faith and 
practice, but spend more time reading 
the sales circulars than the Scriptures, 
where is our treasure and where is our 
heart? If we say "All war is sin," but 
make exceptions every time our "stuff 
'is threatened, where is our treasure and 
where is our heart? 

If we say we are concerned about 
educating our children, sheltering the 
homeless, feeding the hungry, and 
protecting the environment, but oppose 
progressive tax increases and military 
budget reductions that would help make 
it possible, where is our treasure and 
where is our heart? 

If we say we are committed to sharing 
our resources with the less fortunate and 
then tie up our cash flow in bigger 
mortgages and newer cars, where is our 
treasure and where is our heart? 

When I departed home for graduate 

school, I was proud'of the fact that all 
my earthly belongings fit inside and on 
top of a tiny Ford Pinto. Ten years and 
nine moves later, I returned in the largest 
U-Haul truck available with a fully 
packed Pinto in tow. 

I still believe in "simple living" and 
take some consolation in the fact that 
many of the "treasures" in that U-Haul 
truck were either gifts or were not worth 
much (or both). Yet when I look around 
at all the stuff I have become attached 
to, I cannot help but wonder what it says 
about where my heart really is. 

As much as I may wish to rationalize, 
deny, or avoid it, when my fundamental 
attachment is to "treasures on earth," my 
life is directed inward and my heart 
becomes increasingly ^//"-centered. 
When my fundamental attachment is to 
"treasures in heaven," my life is directed 
outward toward others and my heart 
becomes increasingly God-centered. 

Beyond determining the direction of 
our life and the character of our heart, 
the treasures we choose determine the 
meaning of our death as well. The more 
we become attached to treasures on 
earth, the more we see life and all its 
material pleasures as an end unto itself 
and death as what M. Scott Peck calls 
"the ultimate narcissistic injury." 


Lhat is, the more we are attached to 
treasures on earth (and therefore to 
ourselves), the more we feel we have to 
"lose" in the complete detachment from 
it all at death. As Samuel Johnson once 
remarked after being shown a noble 
castle and its beautiful grounds, "These 
are the things that make it difficult to 

In a song entitled "Gimme What You 
Got," Don Henley provides a poignant 
perspective on this when he sings, "You 
spend your whole life/ just pilin' it up 
there/ You got stacks and stacks and 
stacks/ Then, Gabriel comes and taps 
you on the shoulder/ But you don't see 
no hearses with luggage racks." 

Conversely, the more we are attached 
to treasures in heaven (and therefore to 

others), the more we may see life as a 
journey and death as the transition to a 
fuller attachment to God. 

I wonder if this simple yet terribly 
significant difference in perspective has 
something to do with these perplexing 
words of Jesus: " 'If any want to become 
my followers, let them deny themselves 
and take up their cross daily and follow 
me. For those who want to save their life 
will lose it, and those who lose their life 
for my sake will save it. What does it 
profit them if they gain the whole world, 
but lose or forfeit themselves?' " (Luke 
9:23-25). Could it be that the less we are 
attached to the treasures on earth and 
thus to ourselves, the more we may 
become attached to God in this life (and 
the next)? 

If Jesus was right about this, each of 
us needs to examine carefully where our 
treasures now are, because our attach- 
ment to them is already determining the 
direction of our life, the character of our 
heart, and the meaning of our death. We 
should consider carefully which trea- 
sures we shall lay up for ourselves from 
now on, because like Mary's little lamb, 
our hearts are sure to follow. 

The bad news in all of this is that 
when left to our natural human inclina- 
tions, we always will be inclined to 
choose the treasures on earth because 
they "promise" the most immediate 
comfort and the most tangible security. 
The good news is that since the coming 
of Christ into our world, the lie of that 
promise has been exposed. We are no 
longer imprisoned by our natural human 
inclinations and are set free to choose 
the treasures in heaven where the only 
real comfort and security lies. 

The bad news is that when we choose 
the treasures on earth to make meaning 
out of life, we are at best left with a few 
islands of pleasure in a sea of despair. 
The good news is that when we choose 
the treasures in heaven, we will experi- 
ence a peace which the world, with all 
its "stuff," can neither give nor 
take away. 


Robbie Miller is campus minister at Bridgewaler 
(Va.) College. 

March 1992 Messenger 15 





idential Ca 







S*S ** out 

Domestic issues, from concerns about the state of the economy 
to impassioned pleas for greater protection of children and 
families, dominate the responses of a wide range of US 
religious leaders asked to list the most important issues facing 
candidates in the upcoming presidential election campaign. 

International issues such as South Africa. Latin America, 
and the arms race, which religious groups weighed in on with 
such force in past years, are absent as primary concerns this 
year. Instead, there was a pessimistic tone among the state- 

ments received about the situation at home, with respondents 
reeling off a list of domestic worries. 

Religious News Service asked selected religious leaders to 
"outline what you think political candidates should be talking 
about in the upcoming presidential campaign. What are the 
most pressing needs or problems of the American people, and 
how might the political process deal with those concerns?" 
MESSENGER put the same question to general secretary Donald 
E. Miller and to Washington representative Tim McElwee. 


The dispossessed 

Our society needs a renewed sense of 
common purpose that includes a concern 
for the dispossessed at home and abroad. 
We need a vision of community that is 
not based primarily upon the destructive 
power of violence, but rather is based 
upon the power of helping to sustain and 
enrich life for all. 

Such a change requires turning from 
the patterns we have been following, 
acknowledging the bankruptcy of our 
spirit, and resolving to live for the 
common good. 

Primary among those who suffer in 
this time are the children. They make up 
a great proportion of the poor and the 
homeless, and it is they who are often 
murder victims. They suffer from an 
educational system that is failing to raise 
up a competent new generation. It is the 
children who suffer most from the 
breakdown of family life. 

Health care is a key issue in this 
decade. For a country that spends more 
per capita on health care than any other, 
it is shameful that perhaps a third of the 
population has inadequate health care. 
For the same number of dollars, every- 
one in the country could be guaranteed 

adequate health care. 

Serious economic and social problems 
face us. The years of the Cold War have 
drained the nation of its wealth for the 
sake of defense. The passing of the Cold 
War ought to release funds for educa- 
tion, business, the elderly, environment; 
but it has not done so. We need imagina- 
tion to free defense dollars for issues that 
are far more important to the well-being 
of the nation. 

— Donald E. Miller 
Church of the Brethren 

\Y M 

ffl Military budget 

Rather than the occasion to celebrate an 
assumed US "victory" in the Cold War, 
the collapse of the former Soviet Union 
represents a timely warning to the 
people and politicians of our country to 
alter our policies so that we might 
prevent a similar process from taking 
place within our borders. 

Despite ominous socio-economic 
indicators in areas such as health care, 
education, environmental deterioration, 
national debt, unemployment, poverty, 
and homelessness, only minor adjust- 

ments are expected in the nearly $300 
billion defense budgets projected for this 
year and the next. 

Historically over 60 percent of the US 
military budget has been devoted to 
defense against the "Soviet threat." 
Presidential candidates will demonstrate 
their commitment to the well-being of 
present and future generations by 
stressing two urgently needed new 

1) On the national level, the initiation 
of a practical program of economic 
conversion that will preserve and create 
jobs and stimulate business opportunities 
as firms convert from military produc- 
tion to viable civilian work. 

2) On the international level, the 
enhancement of nonmilitary, 
transnational means of conflict resolu- 
tion such as through an expanded role 
for UN peacekeeping operations. 

The time is ripe for cultivating a new 
code of international conduct that will 
permit the nations of the world to devote 
the trillions of dollars currently squan- 
dered on military budgets toward the 
goal of better meeting human need. 

— Tim McElwee 
Church of the Brethren 

March 1992 Messenger 17 

* Tr 

The Bible 

The politician who can rebuild the moral 
fiber of this country is the one the people 
probably will elect to lead them in 1992. 

That is not to minimize the signifi- 
cance of issues such as the economy, 
trade, defense, and foreign policy in our 
national political debate. But a national 
leader who cannot courageously apply 
the Christian principles upon which this 
nation was founded to the everyday life 
of this nation will not be able to lead 
properly in these other areas. 

You don't hear much reference to the 
Bible in modern political campaigns. 
Yet, some well-known politicians rely 
heavily on it for guidance and direction. 

Andrew Jackson called the Bible "the 
rock on which our republic rests." 
Calvin Coolidge said, "In this book will 
be found the solution to all the problems 
of the world." 

Ronald Reagan said, "No book has so 
molded the life of a nation as the Bible 
has shaped America. It has been 
America's hope, its foundation, its 
molder of character. The Bible has 
sustained America throughout its 200- 
year history and is our only hope of 
security for the years ahead." 

The most pressing needs of our 
country's people will be solved not 
through Wall Street, strong defense 
systems, national health care, or any 
other program, but by applying the 
principles found in this book. 

— Jerry Falwell 
Liberty University 


B Health care 

No other issue in the United States is as 
crucial to the people's good as that of 
health care. 

More than 31 million citizens have 
no health insurance. More than 65 
million citizens are under-insured. More 
than 14 million do not seek the health 
care they need because they are unable 
to pay for it. 

Health care clearly involves much 
more than physical well-being. Spiritual, 
mental, and environmental care are 
integral components of healthy life, and 
none can flourish apart from the others. 

1 8 Messenger March 1992 

Nonetheless, the urgency of providing 
citizens protection of their physical 
health is rightly highlighted as the 
election campaigns begin. 

I hope the candidates, not only for the 
presidency but for the Congress and for 
all related offices, will concentrate on 
the issue of health care for all. Our 
health and our future as a nation depend 
upon it. 

— James Andrews 
Presbyterian Church (USA) 


B Underclass kids 

I am looking for a leader who will offer 
hope for the millions of underclass kids 
who live and multiply in the ghettos and 
slums of America. So many of them 
have parents who don't care, go to 
schools where they don't learn, and are 
being destroyed by evils that they don't 

I am looking for a leader who will 
show us how to keep these kids from 
being destroyed by a welfare system that 
traps them into dependency — someone 
who will challenge them to realize their 
potential greatness. 

I want a president who will come up 
with a plan to create some decent-paying 
jobs for the unskilled teenagers I see 
sitting on the curbs of the government 
housing projects of Philadelphia, and 
Camden, N.J.; a president who will 
inspire entrepreneurs to find ways to 
help inner-city youth create businesses 
and cottage industries that they can own 
and run themselves. 

I am looking for a visionary who 
will help a lost generation to be able to 
dream the American dream, for without 
visions and dreams these kids will 

— Tony Campolo 
Eastern College 


ffl Children 

I am troubled by many disturbing 
examples of how we are failing to care 
adequately for our children. 

From before birth, children in the 
United States are endangered. Abortion 

continues unabated. Many women do m 
have the resources to receive pre-natal 
care. In 1988, 375,000 babies were 
exposed to crack cocaine in the womb, 
while pregnant women are often unable 
to gain access to the limited substance 
abuse treatment facilities. 

The United States must squarely face 
these issues and others related to 
children and families. To do so is both 
morally right and economically sensible 
If we want our children to become 
mature adults able to contribute to 
society, our nation must improve its 
ability to provide adequate health care, 
education, housing, and other essential 

At the most fundamental level, caring 
for children requires a renewed commit 
ment to the family. Our public policies 
must be reshaped so as to support 
families especially now when so many 
families are under extraordinary pres- 
sure. Unless we strengthen the family, 
we will fail to meet the deepest needs o 
our children. 

— Joseph Bernard] 
Roman Catholic Chun 


B Untruth 

What political candidates say in 1992 is 
less important than how they say it. The 
simple notion of telling the truth has 
disappeared in the era of sound bites, 
short commercials, attacks on persons, 
and media distortion. 

It would be refreshing if candidates o 
both parties and all persuasions would 
declare a cease-fire and show mutual 
disdain for the techniques that now lead 
the public to turn off from political 
interests. But since we cannot expect ar 
of this to happen, we have to talk about 
agenda in the midst of untruth. 

There used to be enough growth in th 
GNP that we could talk about how to 
distribute it. Today we have to talk aboi 
how to produce growth and how to 
distribute its yield. Conservatives got a 
patent on the former, but never got gooc 
at it, or stopped being good at it, or spei 
us into trillion-dollar-debt bondage 
creating the illusion they were good at i 
Liberals acted as if the resources were 

(imply there. 

I The early 1990s call for attention to 
;oth interests. I wish the religious 
padership put more energy into prepar- 
hg a climate for the imagination needed 
br the former and the generosity of 
pirit needed for the latter. 
, But we fritter away energies on the 
questions of education about condoms in 
iigh schools, boycotting an occasional 
Hasphemous film or obscene art exhibit, 
nd how our bodies are our own to do 
v'ith what we want. 
• I don't trust anyone who claims to 
jave a "solution" to the problems of 
lunger in Africa, tribalism everywhere, 
tomelessness and income disparities at 
tome, and affording the health care to 
vhich we must provide access. I also 
lon't trust anyone who does not have an 
•l.ddress to such subjects, and uses the 
'nedia to spread fear, hate, and division. 
— Martin E. Marty 
church historian 



'overty is the most urgent problem that 
hould be addressed in the upcoming 
residential campaign. Poverty ravages 
he lives of people here and abroad and 
particularly strikes at the lives of women 
iind children. 

We must hope that the presidential 
:andidates will discuss this concern by 
aking us beyond empty and baseless 
,'eneralities. Poverty cannot be ad- 
dressed without concurrent attention to a 
>anoply of related issues. 

The accessibility and affordability of 
oasic health care is one such primary 
ssue. Illiteracy, public education, 
affordable housing, substance abuse, and 
trime all are massive problems directly 
connected to the experience of people in 

These critical social problems should 
lot be treated as isolated concerns; they 
'equire a comprehensive and cohesive 
public policy agenda that names poverty 
as the greatest threat to the human 

Those aspiring to the office of 
president would do well in this campaign 
to listen more and talk less. The plat- 

forms of the political parties are terse 
and predictable. Yet it is the vision of 
the prevailing candidate that greatly 
influences the implementation of the 
platform in ensuing years. 

We must hope that this vision will be 
captivated, informed, and expanded by 
listening to people living in poverty so 
that US domestic and foreign policy 
addresses concretely and passionately 
the needs of the poor. 

— Charles S. Miller 

Evangelical Lutheran 

Church in America 



The country faces crucial issues of 
restoring economic security and reduc- 
ing racial polarization. Presidential 
candidates must convey a conviction that 
responsive and compassionate govern- 
ment can make an immense difference in 
dealing with these crucial issues. 

Candidates must overcome the idea 
that government can no longer carry 
major responsibility for the complex and 
growing problems confronting our 
nation. They must oppose the kind of 
politics that divides whites from blacks 
and other people of color in order to 
avoid confronting the real issues. 

We can and must respond to the need 
for universal health care. We can and 
must assure decent, affordable housing 
for all people in this country; it should 
not be a benefit confined to a dwindling 
number of families. The millions of poor 
and working men and women who 
struggle to keep a roof over their heads 
or to overcome the frightening reality of 
homelessness must know that they can 
count on government to come up with 
strategies that will unleash the creative 
potential for developing affordable 
housing in every community. 

Political candidates must stop exploi- 
tation of fear of crime and violence; 
it is racist and counterproductive. 
Building more prisons and expanding 
the reach of the death penalty will not 
solve the crime problem. The US already 
imprisons at a higher rate than any 
country in the world, holding nearly a 
million people in often brutal and 

inhuman conditions. Political leaders 
must learn about and promote effective 
alternatives to incarceration, and deal 
with the root causes of crime by assuring 
good education, jobs, housing, and 
health care. 

— Asia A. Bennett 
American Friends Sen ice Committee 


[i Virtue 

If I were asked what might be the first 
serious effort that presidential candidates 
should undertake, I would without 
hesitation suggest that they immerse 
themselves in the writings of the 
Revolutionary thinkers on public virtue. 

The "founding fathers" might argue 
over points of constitutional structure, 
but they agreed unanimously that it 
would take more than a perfect plan 
of government to preserve democratic 
liberties. They proclaimed virtue the 
essence of freedom. Free government 
was in large part a problem in practical 

This country's domestic economic 
needs are massive and will demand 
priority attention, even while maintain- 
ing appropriate foreign aid commitments 
to combat poverty and hunger. But 
beyond the urgent economic needs, 
politicians need to recognize how 
pervasive has been the betrayal of the 
people's trust and security — collapse of 
the S&Ls, failure of banks and insurance 
companies, Wall Street frauds, Congress 
members' royalist self-indulgences with 
unpaid bills, the pain of unemployment, 
and loss of security. 

In the Revolutionary period, preachers 
never tired of exhorting legislators and 
judges to be people of spotless integrity 
in both public and private dealings. 
Orators never tired of reminding the 
public that it should look for virtue 
before all other qualities in selecting 
candidates for public office. 

Presidential election 1992 should be a 
time for trying to restore some of that 
Revolutionary commitment to public 
virtue, without which free democratic 
government will not sustain itself. 

— Marc H. Tanenbaum 
American Jewish Committee 

March 1992 Messenger 19 

Forward . . . seeking the mind of Christ 



B Economy 

"The vision must be followed by the venture. It is not enough to stare up the 
stairs: We must step up the stairs." — Vance Havner, Journey From Jugtown, by 
Douglas White 

Anabaptist/Pietists radicalized Martin Luther's idea of the universal 
priesthood of all believers. They jettisoned both the ideas of any special and 
exclusive office and of any Christian being limited to ministry in a specific area. 

Minutes from past Annual Conferences of the Church of the Brethren show 
a distinct pattern of response to that reformation vision. We have been abso- 
lutely committed to the priesthood of all believers. We put our action into hope, 
knowing it is God who makes all things new (Rev. 21:5). 

Our recent papers on evangelism, urban ministry, and mission theology 
demonstrate our struggle to work out the implications of the greatest command- 
ment — to love one another. At times we have succumbed to our culture, dealing 
with massive problems of the times wholly in terms of systems, ideologies, and 
movements. We are not, as individual members of the denomination, accepting 
our roles of leadership. 

The Anabaptist/Pietist vision differs from the visions of other people of 
good will because we perpetuate the call of the priesthood of every believer. 
Individually and as a people, we expect to act on what we believe. We put our 
actions into hope. 

In the new global setting where everything is changing, there is a desperate 
need for our radical vision of hope found in the life and teachings of Jesus — a 
living out of the vision of the priesthood of all believers. I believe it will center 
in urban areas. Jesus' love of the city and his compassion and concern for the 
multitudes gives us a vision of hope. 

Each of us is called to be a bearer of hope. I envision Annual Conference, 
the General Board, the districts, and congregations calling and sending out 
hopebearers to live with the people of the city and to offer a place of welcome 
and hospitality — a meetinghouse where all people, whatever their social or 
religious background, age or outlook on life, are invited to come and share in a 
common search for Christ. 

Because we are now an ethnic mix at Annual Conference, we can encourage 
the various ethnic hopebearers to carry out this radical vision to all corners of 
our globe. We must not be dependent on material supplies or prevailing struc- 
tures. Vision and hope lived experimentally will be the equipment we use to 
follow the steps of Jesus. 

This must not be triumphalism, but humble living of God's presence under 
the great commandment — introducing the Christ of hope in everyday life, 
singing the Lord's song from every place. It is putting our action into hope. 

This kind of programing is dangerous and radical. It will make us continu- 
ally examine the assumptions by which we live in order to sustain trust. 

To do this and to project a new era of hopebearing, we present ourselves 
before God in prayer. That is why the Call Forward to Renewal urges that the 40 
days of Lent in 1992 be a time the body, the 150,000 members of every house- 
hold and every congregation, pray daily for discernment for expanding our 
global and urban hopebearing in keeping with the passionate love and servant 
method of Jesus in whose steps we follow. — PHYLLIS CARTER 

Phyllis Carter, of Goshen, lnd., is the 1992 Annual Conference moderator. 

20 Messenger March 1992 

Inevitably, economic issues loom large 
in the campaign. Unfortunately, much of 
the discussion implies that the present 
malaise will yield to the kinds of 
policies that we have employed in the 
past. The ensuing debates do not raise 
the real issue. 

The issue is whether the kinds of 
economic policies that have brought 
us to our present declining condition 
can get us out of it. That seems very 

In particular, all candidates want to 
stimulate the economy so as to provide 
jobs and renew prosperity. This stimula- 
tion is measured by growth of GNP. Yet 
growth of GNP in the past decade or so 
has been accompanied by negative side 
effects of larger and larger scale. 

To deal adequately with these side 
effects, if that were possible at all, 
would cost more than the growth of 
GNP. Neither the states nor the national 
government can meet the needs of their 
people as well today as 20 years ago 
when the GNP was much smaller. 

When the costs of growth exceed the 
benefits of growth, it is time to ask about 
other ways of structuring an economy. 
My proposal is that we set as our goal 
the strengthening of local and regional 
economies rather than continuously 
sacrificing them on the altar of a global 
one. We would encourage more self- 
sufficiency and self-reliance instead of 
greater dependence on trade controlled 
by transnational corporations. 

— John B. Cobb Jr. 
Claremont School of Theology 



Islam is the religion of peace and 
reasonableness. It is therefore clear that, 
from the Islamic point of view, our US 
presidential candidates should concern 
themselves with questions of peace and 
health in the society. 

The candidates should ask for a cut in 
the nearly $400 billion spent annually on 
the military. Only $100 billion should be 
spent for defense. The United States 
should not be the merchant of death in 

Mie world. The candidates should oppose 
•the sale of arms to foreign countries. The 
>$300 billion saved should be spent in 
fighting the use of drugs, homelessness, 
hunger, illiteracy, and other social 

The United States is not the policeman 
of the world. That role belongs to the 
United Nations. Candidates' foreign 
policy should revolve around offering 
teconomic and technical aid to less 
[fortunate countries. The presidential 
icandidates for 1992 can serve the US 
and the world if their policies are based 
on hope, not fear. 

— Mohammad T. Mehdi 
National Council on Islamic Affairs 


Sanctity of life 

The most critical problem facing the 
people of the United States in the 
•upcoming presidential campaign is the 
assault on the sanctity of human life. 
Abortion is the most prominent and 
deadly aspect of this assault, currently 
claiming at least 1.5 million babies' 
I lives every year. However, the attack on 
human life's sacredness has expanded 
dramatically in recent months. 

Now we have a book on the best-seller 
lists, Derek Humphry's Final Exit, that 
instructs people on how to commit 
suicide. Furthermore, Dr. Jack 
Kevorkian has used "suicide" machines 
to "assist" patients in terminating their 
life prematurely. Now we have numer- 
ous states attempting to pass laws 
making "assisted" suicide and other 
forms of euthanasia legal. 

Many candidates and political pundits 
have assumed that all of this indicates 
that the United States is increasingly 
tolerant of such actions. Yet, the 
initiative on doctor-assisted suicide 
failed in the state of Washington, 
perhaps one of the most pro-abortion 
states in the country. At the same time, a 
pro-abortion initiative in Washington 
that was expected to pass by a wide 
margin was reduced to a razor-thin 

The explanation for this is that US 
citizens are beginning to make the 

connection between the killing of unborn 
babies and such assaults on the other end 
of the spectrum of human life. As they 
see the same quality of life ethic's faulty 
standards for abortion applied to the 
elderly and ill people as well, they will 
be increasingly ready to reassert human 
life's inviolate sanctity. 
Candidates for public office should 

Take Hold of Your Future 

make it explicitly clear where they stand 
on the issue and should seek to rally US 
citizens to a reassertion of the Judeo- 
Christian understanding of human life's 
sanctity. People will strongly support 
candidates who argue this position 
cogently and forcefully. 

— Morris H. Chapman 
Southern Baptist Convention 

One Step at a Time. 


McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

•v *. - 

*» . * * 

¥<*M «i 

K ■ ' 

* i 1 

'.•'*■ f ■'. - 

' o * . 

Kevin, a sophomore at 
McPherson College, and 
Michelle, a freshman, with 
their parents Earl and Man' 
Ann Saffer. 

"The personal interest taken by admission personnel was initially important in persuading 
Kevin and Michelle to attend McPherson College. Once there, they experienced the supportive 
and inclusive college community we remember from our days at Mac in the early 1960s. It 
is deeply gratifying to see how the McPherson College tradition of academic excellence, with 
an emphasis on service, has continued thmugh the years. " 

— Earl Saffer ('65) and Mary Ann (Bryant) Saffer ("66) 

Arriba, Colorado 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 


Yes, 1 want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


Address . 

. State . 

. Zip. 

Phone { )_ 

. Year of Graduation . 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College. 
P.O. Box 1402. McPherson. KS 67460 or 
call collect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability 

March 1992 Messenger 21 

r av 

ffl Abortion 

Of all the issues clamoring for attention 
in 1992, the killing of pre-born children 
continues to be of paramount signifi- 
cance nationally — so much so, in fact, 
that I have pledged never again to cast a 
vote for any candidate who would 
advocate the harming of one of those 
defenseless babies. 

The options of silence or neutrality 
now belong to the past. Wichita, in the 
summer of 1991, was a kind of Harper's 
Ferry for the pro-life movement. There 
can be no more side-stepping. The time 
has come for America to face up to the 
moral, social, and cultural implications 
of child-killing. 

A second concern has to do with the 
family peril of taxation. The average US 
family works from January 1 to May 8 
just to satisfy the oppressive tax burden 
from Uncle Sam. Furthermore, today's 
overwhelming taxes force mothers into 
the workplace to secure a second 
income, simply in order to pay the bills. 

As if that weren't enough, inflation 
has seriously eroded the impact of the 
allowable tax deductions. Our families 
now struggle for mere survival in the 
1990s armed with the impotent assis- 
tance of federal tax deductions indexed 
to the 1950s. 

If we care about children and families, 
we must remove the financial shackles 
that hinder them from thriving and 
growing. As it is, one has to wonder 
whether there isn't some necessary link 
between the demand for abortion and the 
financial strains imposed by a burgeon- 
ing tax structure. 

— James C. Dobson 
Focus on the Family 


ffl Common good 

The issues facing the United States 
are not only issues of violence, 
decay, poverty, and despair, but issues 
of soul and spirit. Twelve years ago, the 
vision of the United States as a just, 
humane, and compassionate society 
shifted to one that encouraged acquisi- 
tiveness, protected individual gain, and 
looked the other way as racism and 

22 Messenger March 1992 

sexism regained lost ground. 

The president of the United States sets 
the tone for our behavior as a society. 
I, therefore, want to know from any 
candidates for high office how they 
envision the role of the United States in 
the post-Cold War world community, 
and whether they have a vision of 
government as a vehicle for justice, 
well-being, and human service. I would 
hope any candidate would recognize 
America's need for transformation — for 
a commitment to public purpose and to 
the common good as greater than 
concern for individual gain. 

This philosophical shift is essential 
and will then be self-evident in policies 
developed on the specific and crucial 
issues of taxation, health care, 
homelessness, economic inequity, racial 
justice, and gender equality. 

The increasing violence in our country 
is clearly an evidence of a failed social 

experiment. I ask all candidates to 
address this issue philosophically and to 
suggest possible ways to address the 

Finally, I would hope that the next 
president would make the children of 
this nation a priority, possibly being 
willing to increase taxes to provide a 
social security program for those who 
are just beginning life — one that could 
guarantee pre-natal care for all mothers, 
adequate nutrition for pregnant and 
lactating women, and for all children at 
least in their first year of life; a program 
that could deliver adequate child care, 
health care, and education that takes 
seriously every child's God-given 
potential. Possibly, if we as a nation 
were called to this commitment for our 
children, it would renew our souls and 
our spirit. 

— Joan B. Campbell 
National Council of Churches 



Serving the church through 
Scholarship •Participation 'Service 

Due to the retirement of Dr. Doris Coppock, 

who has contributed 42 years of service to McPherson College as professor 

and a lifetime to the work of the local and national Church of the Brethren, 

the college seeks interested and qualified candidates 

to apply for the position of 

Assistant Professor of 
Health, Recreation and Physical Education 

The successful candidate will have 

• a commitment to and understanding of liberal arts edu- 
cation in a Brethren setting 

• doctorate (ABD considered) 

• teaching and coaching experience 

Send resume and letter of interest to: 

Dr. Dale Goldsmith 

Vice President for Academic Services 

McPherson College 

P.O. Box 1402 

McPherson, KS 67460 

(316) 241-0731 

McPherson College is an Equal Opportunity Employer 

Insights of a 



by Bruce E. Huffman 

Mixed Reviews critiques books, films, 
and other products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. The reviews are 
not to be taken as Messenger's 
endorsement, necessarily. Rather, we 
present them as helpful information 
for readers who encounter the 
subjects they treat. 


When our son Joel learned to 
say "Amen" after the 
mealtime prayer at home, 
some people at the church 
said he was only doing it 
because he was the 
preacher's kid. A magazine I 
am reading on children's 
ministry offers hints on what 
to do when the preacher's 
kid acts up. Ever since there 
have been preacher's kids, 
they have been both the bane 
and the blessing of the 
congregations they inhabit. 

Margaret Gower is 
someone who can identify 
with the feelings and 
frustrations of growing up as 
a preacher's kid. Margaret is 
the main character in Gail 
Godwin's novel, Father 
Melancholy's Daughter 
(Morrow, $21.95). 

Her father is Walter 
Gower, rector of St. 
Culbert's Episcopal Church 
in the small Virginia town of 
Romulus. He bears the name 
"Father Melancholy" 
because of the bouts of deep 
depression he has suffered 
all his life. 

Adding to the burden of 
being a preacher's kid, when 
Margaret is six her mother, 
Ruth, leaves home with an 
older woman friend. Less 

than a year later, Ruth is 
killed in an automobile 
accident while traveling with 
the friend. 

While Margaret and her 
father are left to puzzle over 
the reasons for her mother's 
departure, eventually 
Margaret begins to assume 
some of the duties her 
mother had abandoned. She 
becomes her father's 
confidante, handling the 
nitty-gritty details of church 
life, while at the same time 
having to suffer through her 
father's melancholy moods. 

Margaret's story provides 
insight into the personality of 
those people brought up 
within the shadow of the 
church, and helps the reader 
understand the devastating 
effect the church can have on 
a pastor's family life. This 
effect is just one of the many 
reasons that pastors cite for 
leaving the ministry. 

Despite the heavy nature 
of Father Melancholy's 
moods, Margaret's life is not 
without its lighter moments. 
Her observations on the 
personal habits of her 
father's parishioners are 
some of the funniest I have 
ever read. Through Mar- 
garet's eyes, the author lets 

the reader study an insightful 
but affectionate portrait of a 
small town Episcopal parish. 

Whatever our circum- 
stances, preacher's kid or 
not, the novel's main theme 
is that all of us must learn to 
rise above our upbringing to 
live our own lives. In 
religious terms, it has to do 
with finding our own identity 
as we seek out new life in 

Father Melancholy himself 
sums up this insight in the 
words of a sermon: "The 
Resurrection as it applies to 
each of us means coming up 
through what you were born 
into, then understanding 
objectively the people your 
parents were and how they 
influenced you. . . . You 
have to go on to find out 
what you are in the human 
drama, or the body of God. 
The what beyond the who, so 
to speak." 

In the end Margaret 
realizes that she is not only 
her mother's child and 
Father Melancholy's 
daughter; she also is 
a true child of God. 

Bruce Huffman, who has two 
"preacher's kids" of his own. 
pastors the Friendship Church of the 
Brethren, near Baltimore, Md 

March 1992 Messenger 23 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 


I have been to a lot of 
potlucks in my time. I come 
from a long line of Baptists, 
and my family's social life 
revolved around church 

Christians are indeed a 
"peculiar people." We would 
never consider gathering for 
drunken carousings, wild 
orgies, or other forms of 
riotous living. Such temper- 
ance, however, seldom 
carries over into our eating 
habits. We like our food. 

Yes, I know all about 
potlucks. And in my younger 
years I would use such 
occasions to experiment with 
the culinary arts. After 
investing time and energy in 
preparing a dish designed to 
impress, I would arrive at the 
event too drained and uptight 
to enjoy myself. 

Then, more than once, 
whatever delectable master- 
piece I had contributed was 
left virtually undisturbed 
because there were too many 
other cooks who had done 
likewise, which created a 
massive surplus of food. 
Talk about sins of excess. 

I still "do" potlucks. And I 
still take a generous amount 
of delicious food. The 
difference is that I no longer 
choose the dishes I take 
based on what I think others 
might like. In fact, I give 
very little thought to what 
might please someone else. I 
take what / like, since I 
know there is a better than 
even chance most of it will 
be going home with me. 

I see a lot of similarities 
here in how we go about 
carving out our identities and 
establishing our places in the 

For too many years and 
through too many tears you 
may have found yourself 
forever trying to second- 
guess who and what others 
might want you to be, spent 
all your love and energy 
trying to conform to that 
elusive standard, and then 
felt bitterly disappointed 
when you realized you were 
stuck with the leftovers — a 
"you" you neither knew nor 

Several years ago Rick 
Nelson recorded a song 
whose hook line was: "Well, 
it's all right now, I learned 
my lesson well. You can't 
please everyone so you've 
got to please yourself." 

I will not give unqualified 
endorsement to that philoso- 
phy because, for the Chris- 
tian, there are legitimate 
times and places for self- 
sacrifice. But the song 
underscores a crucial point: 
Sacrifice for the sake of 
people-pleasing is a weak 
counterfeit for service, and 
profits no one. 

Let me go back to 

If I am told to bring a 
main dish, I will make 
lasagna or a chicken casse- 
role. If I'm assigned a salad, 
it will be pasta or broccoli. 
And if the need is for a 
dessert I will whip up a 
cheesecake or something 

chocolate . . . all within the 
guidelines, but still things 
that / like and that / will 
enjoy if no one else is 

I have no desire to feed 
into the narcissistic self- 
centeredness of our current 
culture. We have behavioral 
boundaries in life, and I say 
that loud and clear against 
the backwash of an age of 
relativism and situational 

We have legal boundaries, 
we have moral boundaries, 
and we have biblical 
boundaries. And it is not 
okay to transgress such 
boundaries. It is sin. But 
within these boundaries we 
have tremendous freedom 
and flexibility to make 

So we will be happier and 
healthier being who we want 
to be rather than trying to be 
who we think someone else 
wants us to be. 

When I go to a potluck I 
make what I like since I 
know I will probably be the 
one stuck eating it. 

When it comes to issues of 
being and personality 
expressions, make sure your 
outward "adornment" 
accurately reflects the hidden 
person of the heart. 

After all, you are the one 
who has to live with 


Robin Wenrworth App, is a 
therapist, from Nappanee, Ind. She is 
currently sen'ing as interim pastor of 
the Nappanee Church of the 

24 Messenger March 1992 

lessing, not a plague 

>port JR Stockberger (December 
:rs, page 2 1 , and January Letters, 
33). Our church needs a lot more 
:ated, committed, and compas- 
ite young men like him. 
m appalled to learn that anyone in 
lenomination, especially a former 
aal Conference moderator and 
ber of the human sexuality study 

■>inions expressed here are not necessarily 

of the magazine. Readers should receive them 

same spirit with which differing opinions are 

sed in face-to-face conversations. 

?rs should he brief concise, and respectful of 

inions of others. Preference is given to letters 

spond directly to items read in the magazine. 

ire willing to withhold the name of a writer 

hen, in our editorial judgment, it is 

ited. We will not consider any letter that 

to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 

the writer's name is kept in strictest 


ess letters to Messenger Editor. 1451 

e Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

committee, would call the members of 
Brethren/Mennonite Council for Lesbian 
and Gay Concerns (BMC) a plague. 

We should appreciate the great 
contributions that BMCers make to our 

Helen M. Herbst 
La Verne, Calif. 

Take a stand on homosexuality 

In our attempt to have dialog and to 
tolerate everyone, we are losing our 

In our striving for diversity we have 
become so diverse that we no longer 
know where we stand. The New Testa- 
ment is supposed to be our creed, but 
many Brethren question the need for 
Paul's writings. 

Homosexuality will keep coming up 
unless we take a stand. Some Brethren 
would rather have a liaison with homo- 

sexuals (see December editorial) than to 
fellowship with fundamental Christians. 
We have become intolerant of Brethren 
who still hold that the Bible is the Word 
of God and the only rule of faith and 

God is so intolerant of sin that 
"nothing unclean will enter (heaven), 
nor anyone who practices abomination 
or falsehood, but only those who are 
written in the Lamb's book of life" (Rev. 

Russell R. Payne Jr. 
Plymouth. Ind. 

• Many people refuse to hear the truth 
about the sin of homosexuality. They 
compromise the Word of the Lord to 
justify their lifestyle. 

It is easier for others to allow the sin 
than to confront the sinner. The Bible 
says that homosexuality is a sin. 

Only when sin is declared to be what 
it is can there be true repentance, 



:i g 




f £— *• 

~o«rt^i '*? j*—. " 




Visit our community soon and see how affordable and exciting retirement living can be! 

• Cottages • Personal Care • Apartments 
• Intermediate Nursing Care 

Skilled Nursing Care 


P.O. BOX 128 



Carl E. Herr, President 

Retire to a comfortable, secure community offering lifestyle 
choices to fit your needs. Beautiful rural campus convenient 
to shopping and recreation. Accredited by the Continuing 
Care Accreditation Commission of the American Association of 
Homes for the Aging. 

I Please send me more information: 

| D Cottages □ Apartments D Personal Care 


□ Nursing Care 

Name _ 

. State . 


M 4192 

March 1992 Messenger 25 

deliverance from the sin, and redemption 
through the blood of Jesus Christ. 

Frank and Cathy Neuhauer 
Elder shurg. Md. 

• I do not believe that homosexual 
persons are a plague (December Letters, 
page 21), but I do believe they are sick. 
They were not born that way. They 
could get well if they wanted to. 

Homosexual Brethren should not be 
thrown out of the denomination, but they 
should not hold an office. We are 
supposed to live like Christ, and he was 
not gay. 

We had better stop homosexuality 
before it is too late. 

Yvonne Judy 
Romnev, W. Va. 

Objecting to COs 

In response to the January article 

"Coercion of Conscience" and its 
sidebars, every person who enters the 
military takes the Oath of Allegiance. 
Furthermore, they say, "I take this oath 
without mental reservation or purpose of 

Many people do not take responsibil- 
ity for their personal actions. 

Marilyn J. Blickenstaff 
Boise, Idaho 

• It is sad that the church does not accept 
people who disagree with its peace 
stance. It also is sad that the whole spirit 
of Messenger (January) was so unbal- 
anced on the issue of conscientious 

C. Michael Handy 
Huntington, Ind. 

• I want to know how many of those 
2,500 military service personnel who 
filed for conscientious objector (CO) 
status were bona fide COs before Desert 

Shield. I am not sold on COs who jc 
the military to get benefits such as 
college help. 

Chauncey H. Shamt 

• Naomi Thiers and David Radcliff 
to say it is all right to accept money 
benefits while in military training, t 
when war comes, it is time for consi 
tious objection. 

Cowardice and conscientious obje 
tion to war are two different things. 
Conscientious objection for the sake 
Christian beliefs is constant and doe 
suddenly emerge when war comes. 

The Church of the Brethren shoul 
review its counsel on conscientious 
objection and alternative service. 

Laddie D. i 

• Every person who signs up for mi 
service, vows to protect and serve tl 


725 S. Pine Street, Sebring, FL 33870 

Ruth Lewis. Administrator 
(813)382-4440 385-0161 1-800-248-2681 

(In Florida) 

Independent Living • Assisted Living • Nursing Care 

THE PALMS OF SEBRING is located in the "HEARTLAND" of Florida, where a small-town 
atmosphere still prevails. 

A Leasing Program provides full services and amenities with available emergency and 
health care, on site. There are planned social and recreational programs to enjoy. 

For detailed information, write: 

ACLF #4693 

Marketing office 
725 S. Pine Street 
Sebring. FL 33870 


26 Messenger March 1992 

This hymn is a paraphrase of the 
■Benedicite, the canticle called A Song 
of Creation, taken from verses 35-65 
of the apocryphal book the Song of 
the Three. This book, an addition in 
the Greek version of Daniel, was 
placed between verses 23 and 24 of 
the third chapter. The canticle falls 
into three sections paralleled by the 
stanzas of this hymn which speak of 
the universe, the earth and its crea- 
tures, and all people. The final 
phrase of each stanza, "Exalt the 
God who made you," is derived from 
the response "sing his praise and 
exalt him forever" which forms the 
second half of every verse in this pas- 
sage of Scripture. 

The melody by Vulpius first ap- 
peared with an anonymous Epiphany 
text, "Lobet den Herrn, ihr Heiden 
all." The tune is sometimes known 
by that name as well. Although it 
does not appear in many hymnals, it 
has been preserved in anthems with 
various praise texts. 

to order call 

1 800 323-8039 

1 800 743-2484 

1 800 245-7894 

praise is nng 
hills and moun 
hymn of glo 

ing. Sun, moon, and stars 
tains, sing to the God 
ry. Let all who know 

who gave you 
God's stead - fast 




i * * 

chord, stir up the 
birth! Be joy - ful, 
care, tell our sal 



gel's sing 
and foun 
tion's sto 

ing. Sing, wind and 

tains, lithe wa - ter - 

ry. No tongue be 

tp r 

rain! Sing,snowand sleet! Makemu- sic, day, night,cold, and heat! 

life, bright air-bome birds, wild rov - ing beasts, tame flocks and herds! 

si - lent- sing your part, you hum-ble souls and meek of heart! 

This hymn may be reproduced for one-time use by a congregation. 

March 1 992 Messenger 27 

country. Too many people want all the 
benefits (a pay check, college tuition) 
without paying any personal price. 
My husband was in the National 
Guard and would have gone to Saudi 
Arabia if ordered to do so. He made a 
promise to serve his country and he does 
not break his promises. 

Rosena Bush 
Dupont, Ohio 

The Bush scorecard 

It is ironic that Jack Fairweather (No- 
vember letters) objected to any coverage 
of President Bush, then proceeded with 
vitriolic Bush-bashing. 

Let's give credit where it is due: The 
Reagan-Bush years destroyed the Berlin 
Wall and banished other walls, freeing 
hundreds of millions of people from the 
tyranny of communism. President Bush 
also brought to heel the ruthless dictator 

of Iraq. If Bush had not stopped him, 
Saddam Hussein would have continued 
to spread terror and to subject untold 
millions to a fate that would have made 
Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini seem like 
doves of peace. 

F. Everette Smith 
McGaheysville, Va. 

BVS should spread the gospel 

"BVS: The Next Generation" (January) 
quotes BVS orientation coordinator 
Debbie Eisenbise: " 'Many of the 
volunteers who come to orientation are 
asking serious questions about what 
gives meaning to life.' Some, disen- 
chanted with the church, are finding that 
an 'institution such as BVS helps them 
find religion in a relevant fashion — by 
doing faith through action.' " 

What does Debbie Eisenbise mean by 
"religion"? Where does Christianity fit 




They came by rafts over unfamiliar rivers. They came by 
literally cutting and hacking new trails into the unknown 
wilderness. They brought with them only the things they 
needed to build a new life, and always among those things 
was their faith in God and their unique brand of discipleship 
and worship. They were the early pioneers who brought the 
Church of the Brethren to Indiana where it grew and thrived. 

Using two previous histories as a foundation, this new 
book will include but also go far beyond the histories of 
individual congregations. It will also look at the great issues 
and events that shaped and molded who we are as Brethren 

Book Specifications: 6" x 9", 480 pages, hardcover, 100 photos, a Thirteen 
Lesson Study Guide will be available. 

the faith in 
a new land 

Author Stephen 
E. Bowers is 

editor at 

Mennonile Mutual 
Aid, Goshen, Ind. 
He is a former 
reporter and radio 
news director. 
Steve's heritage 
has a strong 
Church of the 
influence. He is a 
member of Goshen 
City Church of the 


Send inquires to: 


508 Miami Street 

North Manchester, IN 46962 

in for these people disenchanted with th 

If BVS is providing volunteers with 
"faith through action," the BVSers need 
to claim which faith they are upholding 
And BVS needs to promote service 
through Jesus Christ. 

BVS is one way the Church of the 
Brethren can spread the gospel. If BVS 
was so used, the church would support i 

Marty Moyt 
Shelocta, Pi 

'Fitting in' is just fine 

Amen to the October editorial, "Diver- 
sity at a Distance." Most white Church 
of the Brethren members are happy to 
accept persons of another race into theii 
congregation as long as they "act like w 
do." As long as they "fit in," that's fine. 

But what if they come with different 
ways of doing things? What if they hav< 
ideas of their own about what the churc' 
should be doing? What if they threaten 
the status quo? 

Usually white Brethren make them 
uncomfortable enough that they leave o 
their own accord. 

If white Brethren are serious about 
expanding their ethnic base, they must 
expect to be changed in some dramatic 
ways. White Brethren have much to 
learn from other cultures. And people o; 
other cultures have much to learn from 
white Brethren. But the offering to then 
must not primarily be Germanic/Anglo 
Saxon culture, but rather it should be 
those Germanic/Anglo Saxon Brethren': 
understanding of what Jesus Christ is 
saying to them today. 

Esther Mohler H 
Hayward, Call 

A remedy for the identity crisis 

When I read Messenger each month, 
this question comes to mind: If Church 
of the Brethren members "self-circled" 
less about who they are, and, rather, as 
did earlier Brethren, concerned them- 
selves more with who God is, would 

28 Messenger March 1992 

,iere be this identity crisis that goes on 

nd on and on? 

Donna Ford 
Rift on, NY. 

>top the La Verne bashing 

I like having a "Campus Comments" 
iection in Messenger's "Close to 
lome" feature. But three of the four 
ferns on the University of La Verne in 
January were on negative or controver- 
ial subjects. 

They did not reflect the atmosphere as 
] perceive it at ULV, where there is 
xcitement, pride, commitment, and 

j It is obvious that the four items were 
,aken from Campus Times, the student- 
generated newspaper. It reports the hot 
ssues and neglects the positive events 
ind creative programs on campus. (Only 
he yearbook and club items were taken 
rom Campus Times. The source for the 
rther items was a local newspaper. 

My ma L. Wheeler 
La Verne, Calif. 

greetings from Korea 

lello, my good friend. I was very glad 
o see your letter and the December 
4essenger. Thank you for keeping the 
dcture I drew and for using it in the 
nagazine. (See December, From the 
Editor, inside front cover.) 

Perhaps I will visit America next 
/inter. Please visit our home again soon. 

May God bless you and your family. 

Jae Yung Kim 
Seoul, Korea 

P.S. My daddy helped me in word- 

leeded: Enlightened despots 

liked the November editorial, "Is the 
kingdom Nearer Now?" and its anecdote 
bout the tough teacher. Perhaps the 
;ason public schools are doing a poor 
)b is that the liberal laws prohibit 

d$t Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint "Pontius- Puddle" fron 
Messenger must pay $S ($10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joe 
Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. 



Open Yourself to Our 
World Neighbors 

Study abroad with BCA. Spend a year in the Third World: 
Ecuador or China. Study business in Japan, England, or Athens 
where business courses are offered. Acquire a second language in 
France, Germany, Spain, Ecuador, Japan or China. 

Cost? The same as study in the United States and includes 
transportation in addition to tuition, room and board. 

For more information contact 

Brethren Colleges Abroad 

Manchester College, Box 184 

North Manchester, IN 46962 

Phone (219) 982-5238 or -5025 

Fax: (219) 982-7755 

March 1992 Messenger 29 

teachers from being "enlightened 

Jack Kruppenbach 
Narvon, Pa. 

Church Signs A 

From the 



America's Church Sign Company 


From the 

Office of Human Resources 




Are you identifying and calling 
forth persons with gifts for 
ministry? How long has it been 
since you have called someone 
into the ministry of the church? 

For more information about 
calling, contact your District 
Executive or Robert E. Faus. 
Consultant for Ministry, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

A name-change would help 

A name change for our denomination 
is an evangelism issue (see Letters, 
October and January). 

Before moving east in 1990, 1 was 
part of a small but very active and 
attractive midwestern congregation in an 
urban area. Our building was on a busy 
street where it could be noticed by 
people driving by looking for a church 
home. Over the past several years, I 
heard stories of people who kept passing 
us by because of our name. 

To some, the archaic word "Brethren" 
sounded like a sect. To others, particu- 
larly women, it sounded like the name 
of an exclusive place where women 
weren't valued. Only after meeting 
someone from the congregation and 
finding out that we were indeed Chris- 
tian, and that we indeed valued and 
included women in all aspects of our 
church life, did some of these people 
dare to set a foot inside our doors. 

I have to wonder how many 
potential members around the country 
we have lost because people continue to 
be leery of our name and continue to 
drive on by. 

It may be true that the term "brethren" 

at one time was intended to be an 
inclusive word. But we have to face the 
reality that actual language usage 
changes over time, and the common 
understanding of "brethren" in our 
society today is not inclusive. The 
dictionary defines it point blank as 
"brothers" — not "brothers and sisters." 

My experience is that in non-Brethren 
circles "brothers" is precisely how it is 
understood. As a "Brethren" woman, I 
have often been the butt of jokes 
wondering where the "sistern" are. Man) 
of my sisters relate the same experience. 
It is both personally and corporately 
embarrassing and painful to endure 
such put-downs. Some women have left 
the denomination because the name 
"Brethren" just isn't adequate for them 

Our name is giving us an image in 
today's world that is not in our best 
interest. If we are serious about evan- 
gelism (i.e., spreading the Good News as 
understood through our heritage), we 
must take a hard look at what images oui 
name projects to potential members . . . 
and our current members, as well. 

Peggy Reiff Millei 
Sharpsburg, Md 


FOR SALE— Commemorative and customized church 
plates, mugs, T-shirts and sportswear made special for your 
church by Brethren family. Use for gifts, fund-raisers. Con- 
tact Dodd Studios, 2841 Belair Drive, Bowie, MD 2071 5. Tel. 
(301) 262-4135. 

WANTED— Shippensburg and Ridge Churches of the Breth- 
ren are seeking a full-time Youth Minister/Director. This 
person would divide time evenly between two congrega- 
tions. Interested people contact Georgia Markey, Southern 
Pa. District Office, Church of the Brethren, 2990 Carlisle 
Pike, Box 21 8, New Oxford, PA 1 7350. Tel. (71 7) 624-8636. 

WANTED— Executive Director: Ecumenical Ministries of 
Iowa. Newly restructured state-wide council of churches 
seeks a leader who embodies best of ecumenical vision, an 
activist who yet understands need for consensus building 
among the 10 participating denominations. Looking for 
mission coordinator, visionary, spokesperson, administra- 
tor and advocate. Ordination not required although a liberal 
arts education and some graduate work in theology desired. 
Salary and housing $43,000 plus benefits. E.M.I, is an equal 
opportunity employer. Send resume with references to 
Position, Ecumenical Ministries of Iowa, 3816-36th St., 

Suite 202, Des Moines, IA 50310. Application deadline 
March 2, 1992. 

WANTED— Alumni group from Manchester College (North 
Manchester, Ind.) seeking to contact gay/lesbian/bisexual 
persons of Manchester College to create an alumni group 
and newsletter. Contact Nancy Cripe, Box 133, Manchester 
College, North Manchester, IN 46962. Tel. (219) 982-5024 
or 982-4705. 

TRAVEL— Grand tour of Europe and Israel (Holy Land). 1 5 
days, July 21 -Aug. 4, 1992. Visit Brethren sites in Europe. 
Jim Myer, devotional leader. For info, contact Wendell and 
Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr., Indianapolis, IN 
4621 7, tel. (31 7) 882-5067 or James and Faye Myer, 1 70 W. 
Brubaker Valley Rd„ Lititz, PA 17543, tel. (717) 626-5555. 

TRAVEL— Annual Conference. Bus transportation from 
Elizabethtown, Pa. and rooms while attending Annual Con- 
ference in Richmond, Va., June 30-July 5. Write: J. Kenneth 
Kreider, 1300 Sheaffer Rd., Elizabethtown, PA 17022. 

TRAVEL— Anniversary Alpine tour June 11-26; Great Brit- 
ain Aug. 11-28, hosted by Juniata College's Dottie & Rex 

Hershberger; Christmas Time Bavaria and Austria Dec. 7 
15, hosted by Juniata College's Dr. Bob & Dottie Neff. Fc 
free brochure contact Gateway Travel Center, Inc., P.C 
Box 595, Huntingdon, PA 16652. Tel. (800) 322-5080. 

TRAVEL— 2nd Wenger Heritage Tour of Europe (July 11 
26, 1992) inclds. Holland, Germany, France, & Switzerlanc 
Featuring Anabaptist (Mennonite/Brethren) and Wenge 
(Winger, Wanger, Whanger, Wingert, Wingerd, Wengert, i 
Wengerd) family sites in each country. Visits of particula 
interest to the Brethren in Krefeld, Marburg, Schwarzenai 
and Surhisterveen. Tour of interest to other Swiss/Germai 
surnames of which many inter-married with the Wengers 
Tourarrangements by MTS Travel, 1 02 E. Main St., Ephrata 
PA 17522. Tel. (800) 874-9330. For info./brochure, contat 
tour hosts Samuel E. Wenger (717) 859-2357 or Jay V 
Wenger (717) 859-2396. 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga„ join Faithful Servant Churcl 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a.rr 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail Re 
and I-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact pastor Doi 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796, or John and Debbie Hamme 
(404) 448-9092, 5584 Wilmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092. 

30 Messenger March 1992 


Agape, N. Ind.: Kara Morris, 
Duaine & Bene Scribner. 
Mark Wagoner 

Annville, At). N.E.: Courtney & 
Holly Ebersole, Carol & Matt 
Hugg, Laura Kreider, Vikchai 
Mongkon, Sarah Shrechise, 
Chris Swank, Tara Teahl, 
Matt Wentling, June & 
Richard Blouch. Brooke 

Antelope Valley, S. Plains: 
Barbara Crouch, Christy & 
Scott Curby, Delbert & Mary 
Lou Foltz, Debbie Freese, 
Jerri Graves, Mina Harman. 
Marjorie & Ronald Horn, Rita 
Howry, Kim & Travis 
McNeil, Vicki Mount, Kelli 
O'Laughlin, James & Wanda 
Platts, Sonja Schnaithman 

\ntioch, Virlina: Mike Gray, 
Kathy & Mike Sledd 

Baltic, N. Ohio: Tena Canfield, 
Ron Shrock, Leanne & Matt 
Harman, Kathy & Roy Raber, 
Arlene, Wesley, & Paula 

Beacon Heights, N. Ind.: Juanita 
Clark, James Larrick, Pauline 

Bethany, Mid-Atl.: Danny, 
Donna, & Nancy Williams, 
Michael Smith, Virgil & 
Debbie Miller, Robbie 
Costlow, Jamie Norman, 
Hsiang-Hua & Robert Hassett, 
David Krouse, Ron Redman, 
Crystal Hastings 

Brookside, W. Marva: Janice 

Bush Creek, Mid-Atl.: J. T. Fain, 
Charles & Carol Dutrow, 
Nellie Sier, George Luhrs, 
Jane Musselman, Kent & 
Wendi Fourman, Kimberly 

Carlisle, S. Pa.: Eric & Nicole 
Thome, Elayne King, Cindy 
Roth, Fred & Elaine McCoy 

Chambersburg, S. Pa.: Greg & 
Donna Meyers, Kelly 
Helfrick, Jamie Rotz, 
Kimberly LaRose, Bradley 
Meyers. Nicole Davidson, 
Laura & Elizabeth Shetter, 
Dennis Sites, Daryl & Cheryl 
Wenger. Vincent Paparella, 
Kathy Stevenson. Jay, 
Barbara, & Christopher 
Boushell, Roger & Marian 
Keckler, Mark Schur 

Chiques, AH. N.E.: John & Sarah 
Brubaker, Gwen Shenk, 
Travis White 

.Dallas Center, N. Plains: Bart 

Donnels Creek, S. Ohio: Valerie 
Gracy, Carol, Brad, Chris, & 
Jason Doolin, Lisa Stude- 
baker, Kenneth & Penny 
Gibson, Ray & Dorothy Cool, 
Jake & Alice Flora, Phyllis 
Urban, Edith Leffel. Glendon 
& Marilyn Flora, Dale, Kay, 
& Danny Haynes 
Douglas Park, Ill./Wis.: John 
Carter, Irene Campos 

jEast Chippewa, N. Ohio: Eileen 

Fairview, M. Pa.: Lisa 

Brumbaugh, Edward Clark. 
Daniel Eastep, Rebecca Lane 

First-Marion, N. Ohio: Melissa, 
Bryan, & David McAfee, Clay 
& Mike Ballinger, Jered Gar- 
rison, Mildred Gay. Bob & 
Gertrude Burton, Cindy Pee! 

First- York, S. Pa.: Steve 
Bollinger, Jonelle Harter, 
Christopher Riddle, Lori 
Bums, Kim Dahlberg 

Greensburg, W. Pa.: Vernon, 
Diana, & Robert Eichar 

Greenville, S. Ohio: Tom, Sharon, 
& Julie Wilson, Neva 

Hooversville, W. Pa.: Lori Koontz 

Hostetler, W. Pa.: Ed Walker 

Ivester, N. Plains: Cherilyn Kruse 

Lampeter, Atl. N.E.: Kenneth & 
Doreen Creighton, Phillip & 
Suzanne Kreider 

Lebanon, Shen.: Deborah 
Wenger, Garold & Karen 
Senger, Glenn Griffin 

Mt. Carmel, Shen.: Lisa 

Keplinger, Jason & Kenneth 
Kerns, Joyce Ruddle, Donnie 
& Goldie Smith 

Mack Memorial, S. Ohio: Darrie 
Cooley, Mametta Bradford 

Maple Grove, N. Ohio: Lee 

Bright, Mark & Irene Kinsey, 
Becky Keener, Leota Osbun. 
Jackie, Tammy Sue, & Tony 

Middle Creek, Atl. N.E.: Barbara 

Middlebury, N. Ind.: Teresa 

Hawkins, Annette Hutchison, 
Jennifer Johnson, Monica 
Lee, Tony Lemmon, Megan 
Ober, Ilena Rust, Jennifer 

Midland, Mid-Atl.: Stewart & 
Susan Nell 

Mohler, Atl. N.E.: Holly Ginder, 
Jeremiah & Rachel Kreamer, 
Ralph & Louella Fortna, 
Robert Miller Sr. 

Monroeville, W. Pa.: Joseph 
Kampitch, Crystal & Donald 

New Carlisle, S. Ohio: Lydia 

New Paris, N. Ind.: Edith Hyche 

Oak Grove, Virlina: Cindy 

Claytor, Susan Lindsey. Jeff 
Callahan, Rochelle Dowdy, 
Faith Lawrence, Mike 
Wimmer, Tony, Vicky, & 
Shawn Emmons, Daniel Naff, 
Clara Micolupo, Thomas 

Painesville, N. Ohio: Britney 
Boehm, Douglas & Justin 
Cook, Julie Dey, Adam 
Erbaugh, Brandon Galm, Kati 
Hanes, Dan & Lance Lucha, 
Tionna Norman, Sheila Abe, 
Lora McBride 

Pine Creek, N. Ind.: Nicole 
Barden, Kim Clark, Mike, 
Lisa, & Jennifer Gensinger. 
Chris LeCount, Jason Plalz 

Pitsburg, S. Ohio: Tracy Minnich, 
Eric & Becky Bowman, Darla 
Lockman, Dan Peters 

Poplar Ridge, N. Ohio: Phillip & 
Darlene Schackow 

Schuylkill, Atl. N.E.: Nancy 
Schaeffer, Monroe Kintzel 

Stony Creek, Shen.: Michael 

Sunnyside, W. Marva: Wilma f 
McDonald. The I ma Cox, 
Trina Kesner, Glen Weaver, 
Nancy Myers, Mary Bridge, 
Renee & Rachel Westrom, 
Sue, Nicole, & Lora Evans, 
Pauline Blacka, Laura 
Valentine, Linnea McKinney, 
Rudy Hoffert, Anna Mary 
Spencer, Came Root 

Syracuse, N. Ind.: Evan, Janet, 
Chris, Fred. & Gunther Kreps 

West Richmond, Virlina: Michael 
& Maria Klahre, Rusty & 
Karen Dinkens-Curling, Dan 
& Paula Ulrich 

Westminster, Mid-Atl.: Janis 
Martin, Dawn Hammerbacker. 
Gayla & Todd Martin, Lena & 
Howard Miller. Linda, Stacey, 
& Tammy Wright 

White Oak, Atl. N.E.: Gwenda 
Bollinger, Corby Ziegler, 
Dwight Hess, Sara Greiner, 
Rodney Groff, Jonita Longe- 
necker. Trudy Kegerreis. 
Daniel Harlman, Zachary 
Wolgemuth. Jason Cox, Darin 


Bowser, Paula A., licensed Oct. 8, 

1991, Martinsburg Memorial, 

Carpenter, Julian Oscar, ordained 

Oct. 15, 1991. Crab Run/ 

Damascus, Shen. 
Gilmore, Jennifer Ruth, licensed 

Sep. 7, 1991, Maple Grove, 

N. Ohio 
Gorrell, James Joseph, licensed 

Sep. 7, 1991, Swan Creek, 

N. Ohio 
Hendricks, Andrew, licensed Oct. 

12. 1991, W. Pa. 
Houghton, James E., licensed 

Sep. 14, 1991, Pleasant Hill, 

W. Pa. 
Mantz, Elmo Van, ordained Oct. 

15, 1991, Salem, Shen. 
Mantz, Shelvie Jean, ordained 

Oct. 15, 1991, Salem, Shen. 
Ness, Tommy L., licensed May 

20, 1991, Huntingdon Stone, 

Peel, Cynthia A., ordained Sep. 7, 

1991, Kent, N.Ohio 
Rupert, Edward, licensed Jun. 15, 

1991. Tire Hill, W. Pa. 


Custer, Oliver, from secular to 

Johnsontown, Mid-Atl. 
Fike, J. Melvin, from Eversole, S. 

Ohio, to Meadow Branch, 

Flynn, Brian R., from other 

denomination to Lake Breeze, 

N. Ohio 
Kimmel. Myers, from Rockhill. 

M. Pa., interim, to Rockhill. 

Mummert. J. Ronald, from Stover 

Memorial, N. Plains, to North 

Liberty, N. Ind. 
Wampler, Guy, from 

Hagerstown, Mid-Atl., to 

Lancaster. Atl. N.E. 


Clayton, John and Fran. Bridge- 
water. Va., 50 
Ebersole, Wayne and Esther. 

Martinsburg. Pa., 55 
Fells, Bill and Elsie. Sun City. 

Ariz.. 50 
Grove, Garnet and Rachel. St. 

Thomas. Pa.. 50 
Minimi. William and Emma Jane. 

Martinsburg. Pa.. 50 
Horner, Milo and Ruth, Carleton, 

Neb., 50 
Horner, Lloyd and Helen. Kansas 

City, Kan., 50 
Huber, Harry and Anna, 

Manheim, Pa., 60 
Kussart, Rex and Vada. Cerro 

Gordo. III., 50 
Lantz, Earl and Romaine. Syra- 
cuse, Ind.. 65 
Lehman, Nathan and Alda Mae, 

Chambersburg, Pa., 50 
Leight, Jay and Mary. 

Chambersburg, Pa., 55 
Metzler, Howard and Miriam. 

Lititz, Pa., 55 
Petticoffer, Lee and Eva. Akron. 

Pa., 55 
Robinson, Minor and Ruth. Fort 

Loudon. Pa.. 50 
Stoudnour, Leonard and Clova. 

Martinsburg. Pa.. 50 
Strapel, James and Gladys. 

Windber, Pa., 55 


Aber, Kate. 59, New Carlisle. 
Ohio, Nov. 2. 1991 

Black, Ruth. 94. Carlisle, Pa., Oct. 
10. 1991 

Burke, W. Ellis, 77, Westemport. 
Md., Nov. 19. 1991 

Bussard, Mae. 74, Hagerstown. 
Md., Sep. 30, 1991 

Calvert, Edna M., 80, Pasadena. 
Calif., Nov. 16. 1991 

Clapper, Ralph, 78, Martinsburg, 
Pa.. Dec. 17, 1991 

Cline, Frank. 88. Bridgewater. 
Va., Dec. 16, 1991 

Coffman, Ruth. 87. Boonesboro, 
Md., Mar. 30. 1991 

Craun, Lucille V.. 86. Bridge- 
water, Va.. Nov. 9, 1991 

Crist, Mary, 68. Hummelstown, 
Pa.. Oct. 20, 1991 

DeVore, Pearl B., 84, Westem- 
port. Md., Oct. 16, 1991 

DeVore, Luanne. 36. Williams- 
port. Md.. Aug. 10. 1991 

DeWitt, Helen N.. 77. Westem- 
port. Md., Oct. 19, 1991 

Dilling, Olive K.. 78. Martinsburg, 
Pa., Oct. 25. 1991 

Ditmer, Catherine. 80. Carlisle, 
Pa., Dec. 2. 1991 

Duffey, Jane, 81. Boonesboro, 
Md„Jan. 16. 1991 

Feldman, Mildred, 76. Mount 
Pleasant, Pa., Dec. 12. 1991 

Fike, Galen E.. 73, Bridgewater, 
Va..Dec. 16. 1991 

Flaherty, Alice L.. 96. Kansas 
City, Kan., Sep. 16, 1991 

Frazee, Dorothy E„ 83. Union- 
town. Pa.. Dec. 18, 1991 

Gindlesberger. Guy, 9 1 . Carlisle. 
Pa., Nov. 30, 1991 

Gnodle. Mary. 89. Troy, Ohio. 
Sep. 22, 1991 

GrandstafT. Francis E.. 83. West- 
emport. Md. Jun. 28. 1991 

Haldeman, Adam Z.. 77. Pine 
Grove. Pa.. Aug. 19. 1991 

Hartman. Nadene M.. 63. 

Loganville. Pa.. Dec. 3. 1991 

Hartman. Elizabeth, 71. Hagers- 
town. Md.. Apr. 15. 1991 

Haynes. Lottie. 103. Harbor 

Springs. Mich., Nov. 23. 1991 

Hays, Ethel. 87. Dallas Center. 
Iowa. Dec. 10, 1991 

liinish, Mary Jane. 57. Martins- 
burg, Pa.. Dec. 13. 1991 

Hoffman, Martha. 93, Smiths- 
burg. Md.. Nov. 10. 1991 

Jones, JoEva. 56. McPherson. 
Kan.. Dec. 10, 1991 

Jordan. Frank A.. 88. Bridge- 
water. Va.. Dec. 24. 1991 

Kagarise, Nelson J.. 88. Pasadena. 
Calif., Nov. 28, 1991 

Kees, Adam. 12. Hagerstown. 
Md.. Apr. 14. 1991 

Keller, John H.. 62. Roaring 
Spring, Pa.. Nov. 5. 1991 

Kettering, Daniel L., 74. Palmyra. 
Pa.. Nov. 27. 1991 

Kwilinski, Adam. 81. Middlebury. 
Ind., Aug. 6. 1991 

Lampe. William C, 83. Waynes- 
boro. Pa.. Dec. 9. 1991 

Lichty, Wayne E., 63. Carleton. 
Neb.. Jun. 6. 1991 

Lichty, Hope M.. 90. Waterloo. 
Iowa. Nov. 9. 1991 

Lum, William. 86. Hagerstown. 
Md.. Sep. II. 1991 

McCormick, Dorothy J.. 7 1 . De- 
fiance. Ohio. Nov. 25. 1991 

Martin. Thelma. 74. Maugans- 
ville. Md. Jul. 23, 1991 

Maust, Pearl, 93. Carleton, Neb.. 
Nov. II, 1991 

Miller, Jesse W.. 71. Bridgewater, 
Va.,Oct. 25. 1991 

Mock, Clayton, 84. Syracuse. Ind.. 
Dec. 19. 1991 

Myers, Lois Jean, 61. Chambers- 
burg. Pa.. Sep. 18. 1991 

Otto. Ensor. 80, Hagerstown, Md.. 
Nov. 30. 1991 

Phillips, Mildred. 62. Windber. 
Pa. Jan. 3, 1992 

Ridenour. Arlis. 72. Hagerstown. 
Md.. Feb. 8. 1991 

Roberts. Earl W. Sr.. 89. New 
Oxford. Pa.. Dec. 20. 1991 

Russie, Frances E.. 79. Union- 
town. Pa., Dec. 15, 1991 

Saum. Margie. 96. Hagerstown. 
Md.. Aug. 19, 1991 

Smallwood, Leons M., 78. West- 
emport, Md.. Oct. 19. 1991 

Snyder, Ruth, 93. New 

" Alexandria. Pa.. Nov. 5. 1991 

Toedte, Lawrence. 74. Spring- 
field, Ohio, Nov. 12, 1991 

Travis, Nellie L.. 70. Westemport. 
Md..Oct. 18, 1991 

Ulrich, Ruth. 91. Middlebury. 
Ind.. May 15. 1991 

Weaver, Lloyd W.. 91. Bridge- 
water. Va.. Nov. 1. 1991 

Weigle, Edith. 79. East Point. Ga.. 
Jul. 6. 1991 

West, M. Guy. 90. Bridgewater. 
Va.. Dec. 16. 1991 

Williamson, J. Dow, 79, Sebring. 
Fla.. Dec. II. 1991 

Younkins, Maude. 80. Norman. 
Okla.. May 8, 1991 

Zirk. Herman E.. 83, Milam. W. 
Va. Dec. 30. 1991 

March 1992 Messenger 31 

'Those people' . . . again 

In a novel that I have read many times, there is 
described a family that came to mind as I 
followed the gubernatorial campaign of David 
Duke in Louisiana. 

The folks in the novel owned a large farm 
with good soil and the promise of productivity 
and prosperity. But, in spite of this advantage, 
these folks lived hand to mouth, in poverty and 
squalor. They seemed to be ignorant of what their 
problem was. They lacked organization, self- 
discipline, and motivation. They wondered why 
they were so bad off, but it never occurred to 
them to suspect that they were largely the 

To salve their conscience, these folks 
blamed everything on "the gov'ment in Washing- 
ton." If the hens didn't lay, if the cows didn't give 
enough milk, if the barn caved in, if the live- 
stock broke through the fences, if the manure 
piled up, the fault lay outside the responsibility 
of this family. The problem was "the gov'ment 
in Washington." Blame was laid there, and 
everyone went to bed at night to blissful sleep, 
untroubled by any sense of guilt or accountabil- 
ity. The family's problems were somebody 
else's fault. 

David Duke offered an equally easy answer 
for a white population in Louisiana looking for 
someone to blame their problems on. To oversim- 
plify for lack of space, people in Louisiana have 
suffered from some awful political leaders during 
a time when the oil bust wrecked the state's 
economy. People felt betrayed and angry. Also, 
the "Reagan recovery" never touched Louisiana. 
The Bush recession, on the other hand, has 
touched the state, and things are continuing to get 
worse. And the oil-and-chemical industry, after 
promising endless progress and prosperity, has 
done just the opposite. Louisiana's land and 
water . . . and many of its people . . . have been 

Along comes David Duke, promising the 
white majority easy answers to their problems. 
They don't have to get involved in solving the 
problem — cooperating with their neighbors and 
forcing big business to accountability. No, says 

32 Messenger March 1992 

Duke. Just go back to bashing "those people" . . . 
the ones really responsible for the mess we're in. 

"Those people," we are told by Duke, are "the 
rising welfare underclass." According to him, 
through the subsidized breeding of the welfare 
system and the unfair special privileges of 
affirmative action, "those people" are eating up 
the resources and taking away the jobs that are 
the white folks' rightful legacy. 

This Messenger's cover story is titled 
"What We're Worried About" — issues and 
concerns during this year's presidential cam- 
paign. Well, what I'm most worried about is the 
rising tide of racism and hatred that is creeping 
up around our ankles. And one of the most 
sickening aspects of the problem is the lengths 
that politicians are ready to go to exploit it for 
their gain. David Duke likely will hear himself 
echoed more and more as November approaches. 

The broadening of David Duke's appeal 
beyond the traditional low-income, white, 
working-class constituency to include significant 
numbers of the "middle class" is symptomatic of 
the fact that this "middle class" is sliding back 
toward relative poverty and disenfranchisement. 
There are problems ahead. 


Lore and more we are going to see unethical 
politicians exploiting confused and frightened 
people by dangling before them the easy way out 
of blaming their problems on "those people." It 
worked in Nazi Germany. And white Americans 
are no smarter or knowledgeable than were the 
Germans of the 1920s and '30s. 

As an editor of Sojourners, Danny Duncan 
Collum, wrote on this same concern, "At the top 
we need clear signals from political, religious, 
and cultural leaders that racism is un-American, 
un-Christian, and unacceptable. At the bottom we 
need a genuine attempt to understand the forces 
that lead frightened and insecure white people 
into the racist trap, and a new politics that can 
unite people of all races around what are, for the 
most part, shared grievances and aspirations." 

Preach it!— K.T. 

/W iM*"*^ ■ 

^■A7*M**"'* Ju * k ~- 


7ZJ / ,h UU M^ ^ M ^ 

yWtf /M#te 


/0JJ^ ftUrw*^ 

As easy as 1, 2, 3 

To subscribe call (800) 323-8039. 

/I One Great Hour of $p 


Fill the World with Love: the world of the 
hurting, the hungry, the homeless, % Fill 
the world with love by supporting Brethren 
volunteers and field workers engaged in emer- 
gency relief and long-term development in such 
countries as Sudan, Guatemala, Haiti, El Salvador, 
Nicaragua, Poland, the former Soviet republics, 
China, and Nigeria. U Fill the world with love by 
enabling Church World Service and Christian part- 
ner agencies in more than 70 countries to carry 
out life-sustaining ministries, fl Fill the world 
with love through a One Great Hour of Sharing 
gift that expresses your commitment 
to Christ through service for others. 




April 1992 

When the study committee on the Significance of Participation 
in Love Feast approached me about "getting something into the 
April Messenger," it had an easy task of persuading me to 
agree. I have a personal bias toward the traditional full love 
feast of the Brethren, which includes feetwashing, the meal, and 
communion. If a feature in Messenger could be effective in 
encouraging better participation in love feast, I was all for it. 
I am one of those who believes that the 1958 
Annual Conference permission to hold "bread and 
a ^ cup communion." while well intended, was. in the 
long run, a big mistake. Those of us who have had 
the privilege of participating in those solemn, twice- 
a-year, full love feasts before the beginning of 
"bread and cup communion" gained something that 
Brethren growing up with their idea of communion 
being a gimmicky little diversion on a Sunday 
morning will never know. And when I witnessed 
(but. sadly, could not participate in) an Old German Baptist 
Brethren love feast, I realized that those of us who haven't 
grown up with that experience have also missed out on some- 
thing precious. 

I have never bought into the notion that we have to toss 
important traditions overboard to accommodate people who 
have not been brought up Brethren. A fellow once complained 
to me about feetwashing. "It's dumb," he said, "because nobody 
washes another person's feet in everyday life." My retort was, 
"Nobody flicks a wafer into another person's open mouth in 
everyday life, either." My point was that we participate in 
symbolic acts, and those acts don't have to duplicate "everyday 
life." If we find washing someone else's feet humiliating and 
embarrassing, so much the better. That's why we do it. 

Still, "sot in my ways" as I am, I recognize the need to avoid 
unnecessarily putting stumbling blocks in the way of those who 
are attracted to our beliefs but not to all our practices. So, if a 
survey of what's become of love feast and a subsequent discus- 
sion of the problem is helpful, I will be pleased that Messenger 
has been an agent for the process. 

*^ S 1 1 h^r i 

COMING NEXT MONTH: A preview of the Richmond Annual 
Conference and a profile of Bethany Seminary's new president. 

Vol. 141, No. 4 April! 992 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Suellen Shively 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto. Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast, Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer: Illinois/Wiscon; 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana. Leo 
Holderread; Michigan, Marie Willoughby 
Mid-Atlantic, Ann Fouts; Missouri, Mary 
Greim; Southern Missouri/Arkansas. Mai 
McGowan: Northern Plains. Pauline Florj 
Northern Ohio. Sherry Sampson: Souther 
Ohio. Shirley Petry; Oregon/Washington, 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Southwe.' 
Randy Miller; Middle Pennsylvania. Pegg 
Over: Southern Pennsylvania. Elmer Q. 
Gleim: Western Pennsylvania. Jay Christr 
Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Virlina. Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains. Dean Hummer; 
West Marva. Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of th> 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as secom 
class matter Aug. 20, 191 8. under Act of 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date. Nc 

1, 1984. Messenger is a 
A member of the Associated 
r^ Church Press and a subscribe 

to Religious News Service an 

Ecumenical Press Service. 

Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individual 
rate, S 10.50 church group plan, S 10.50 gil 
subscriptions. Student rate 75c an issue. If 
you move, clip address label and send witl 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions. 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. Alio' 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Com- 
mission, Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgin 
III., and at additional mailing office. April 
1992. Copyright 1992, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355 
POSTMASTER: Send address changes 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 


Touch 2 
(lose to Home 4 
isws 6 
betry 12 

yrvvard . . . Seeking the 
Mind of Christ 15 

epping Stones 23 
he Church Alive 24 
fetters 25 
•pinions 26 
hntius' Puddle 27 
jrning Points 31 
ditorial 32 


'ver, 1, 16-18: Glenn Mitchell 

f>ide front cover: Nguyen Van Gia 

|Ronald E. H. Faus 

lower right: Worth Weller 

|Ower right: Pattie Bittinger Stern 

upper left: Manchester College 

right: Russell Kintner 

lower left: Barbara Slagenweit 

Donald Miller 

lop left: Kermon Thomasson 

op right: SueZann Bosler 

bottom: Religious News Service/ 


Peter Michael 

14: Waltner 

Meet the Old German Baptist Brethren 10 

In the second installment of a series, William G. Willoughby 
describes the group that has adhered most closely to the 
traditions followed by all Brethren before the 1880s. 

Plotting the resurrection 13 

No matter what definition of "plot" you have in mind, it can 
be used, Kenneth L. Gibble demonstrates, to give meaning to 
the resurrection event. 

Images of love feast 16 

In words and photos, Glenn Mitchell captures the essence of 
the love feast experience. 

Why are there empty places at the love feast 
table? 18 

Messenger describes the traditional Brethren love feast and 
presents the results of a survey on love feast practices. 

Cover: Do Brethren still care about love feast? Does fear offeetwashing keep 
us from the table? A special cluster on love feast begins on page 16. 

April 1992 Messenger 1 

Giving children songs 

Have you ever wondered 
what toddlers feel when they 
are dropped off at a day care 
center in the morning? 

Jill Duffey has, and she 
wrote a song, "My School 
Day," to tell about it. The 
song is one of several she has 

explains. "I give children 
songs. Then in return, they 
give me their words, move- 
ments, sounds, and under- 
standing. Children have to be 
a part of the songs, not on the 
outside looking in." 

Jill taught herself to play 
the guitar in 1982 while she 
was in Brethren Volunteer 

It' s a two-way 
street: Jill Duffey 
performs for the 
children, and they 
teach her about 
"unconditional love 
and forgiveness." 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and while, if possible) to "In 
Touch." Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. 

written and hopes to record 

Jill made her first recording 
for parents who wanted to 
know how to sing songs she 
was teaching their children 
at day care. Singing as she 
played her guitar, Jill 
squeezed 48 songs onto a 60- 
minute tape and "Music With 
Jill" was born. The recording 
has been very popular with 
parents of pre-schoolers 
around the Charlottesville 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren, 
where Jill is a member. 

Seven years of singing 
songs with pre-schoolers has 
not led Jill to consider herself 
a music teacher. 

"I don't teach music," she 

Service (BVS), serving as a 
teacher's aide at Prince of 
Peace Child Care Center, in 
Denver, Colo. 

Making a professional 
recording is too expensive for 
Jill right now, but she hopes 
to use a "demo" recording to 
create commercial interest in 
her work. 

A chance to record and 
perform would be great, but 
Jill already feels rewarded. 
"Kids have taught me about 
unconditional love and for- 
giveness. They love me for 
me." — Ronald E. H. Faus 

Ronald E. H. Faus is pastor of the 
Charlottesville (Va.) Church of the 

A taxing situation 

When April 1 5 rolls around, 
Louie and Phil Rieman plan 
to file their federal income 
tax just like everyone else. 
But along with it, the co- 
pastors of the Ivester Church 
of the Brethren, in Grundy 
Center, Iowa, will enclose a 
letter. It opens, "Dear 
Brothers and Sisters at the 
IRS: Once again we write to 
let you know that we are not 
paying the full, expected 
amount. . . ." 

Isn't that being dishonest? 
No. It's not a criminal 
offense, the IRS says, as 
long as an accurate tax return 
is filed. Of course, the IRS 
can and does come after the 
withheld amount. And the 
withholders usually end up 
losing more money than if 
they had paid their taxes in 
full, on time. Civil penalties, 
as large as $500, and interest 
charges are added when the 
IRS eventually collects 
unpaid taxes by seizing 
paychecks, bank accounts, 
or property. 

In 1988, IRS agents seized 
the Rieman family van. It had 
an appraised value of $8,000, 
but the IRS auctioned it off 
for $3,900 and kept $3,000. 

Why withhold taxes, in 
such a "losing" situation? 
Louie and Phil are among a 
number of Brethren who 
believe so strongly that war is 
sin, that they choose this way 
of protesting the 50 percent 
of their tax money they figure 
goes for military use. So they 
only pay 50 percent of what 
they owe and let the IRS 
come after the rest. The 
Riemans consciously put the 
percentage that would have 
been used for the military 

2 Messenger April 1992 

Louie Rieman 

Phil Rieman 

into life-enhancing programs 
instead. They have been 
doing this since 1969. 

"Our main goal is not 
simply protesting war taxes," 
explains Louie, "but living in 
spiritual and moral obedience 
to the teachings of Christ." 

It's not a popular stance 
with the general public in this 
country. Sneaking through 
every loophole one can find 
is the more acceptable way of 
withholding taxes. But the 
Riemans feel led to make a 
costly statement against war. 

"How can we pray for 
peace and pay for war?" asks 
Phil. A good question, one 
that other Brethren have to 
wrestle with. 

A special Easter 

Easter is a special time for 
the family of Brad and 
Brenda Clay. So is Christ- 
mas. Of course those seasons 
are special for all Christians, 
but for the Clay family they 
have meaning beyond their 
religious significance. 

In December 1990, the 
Clays brought into their home 
teenager Sheila Rhiannon, 
whom they had seen on a TV 
broadcast featuring children 
needing to be adopted. 

On Easter Sunday 1991, 
Sheila and her new sister, 12- 
year-old Amy Clay, joined 
the Big Creek Church of 
the Brethren, in Cushing, 
Okla., where Brad and 
Brenda already were mem- 
bers. Sheila was adopted by 
the Clays last August. 

The congregation wel- 
comed Sheila with "open 
arms." It didn't hurt, of 
course, that her new grandpa 
is James Johnson, Big 
Creek's pastor. 

The whole family partici- 
pates in Big Creek's chancel 
choir. Clearly they have 
something to sing about. 

Monitoring mavericks 

Paul Hoover is in an 
uncomfortable position. The 
Chicago-based poet (see 
"Paul Hoover: Vietnam as a 
CO Saw It," January 1989) 
has always been identified 
with the avant-garde on the 
city's poetry front. Now he's 
speaking out against a 
phenomenon that's bringing 
Chicago national attention. 

It's called "poetry slams": 
Poets (who are brave enough) 

For the Clays, a special Easter: Brad, Amy, Sheila, and 
Brenda at the court house where Sheila joined the family. 

recite their poems in clubs 
and other arenas, where the 
audience is encouraged to 
shout them off the stage when 
they fail to "entertain." 

Paul, who is editor of the 
literary journal New Ameri- 
can Writing, speaks out 
against the slams. "My 

Paul Hoover 

poetics are fairly radical," 
he said to a Chicago Tribune 
reporter, "but as performance 
poetry has taken off, there's 
been an erosion of standards 

by which even the radicals 

Paul sees himself as "the 
bad guy," trying to stop 
people from having fun. But 
poetry slams put too much 
emphasis on performance at 
the expense of text, he 
believes. "Excellent poetry 
has a quieter, more medita- 
tive quality. Its excitement is 
essentially intellectual." 


M. Guy West, 90, died 
December 16, 1991, in 
Bridgewater, Va. A pastor in 
Virginia, Pennsylvania, and 
California congregations, he 
was Annual Conference 
moderator in 1968. 

• Leah Standafer 
Kingery, 48. died February 
6, 1992, in McPherson, Kan. 
She was a missionary in 
Nigeria, 1965-1968. 

April 1992 Messenger 3 

School days 

Once a week, some of the 
residents' rooms at Pinecrest 
Manor are transformed into 

In 1990, Pinecrest's 
activities staff began a 
reading program for a group 
of third and fourth grade 

Pinecrest reading 
tutor Ada Haines 
gets a hug from one 
of her students, Cori 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. 1L 60120. 

students from the elementary 
school in Mount Morris, 111., 
where the retirement home is 
located. The program is 
coordinated with Chapter 1 , 
a federally funded reading 
project at the school. 

Fourteen Pinecrest resi- 
dents were selected as 
reading tutors, some because 
they were retired teachers, 
others for their love of 
reading. By the end of the 
school year, the Chapter 1 
reading teacher reported that 
all students involved had 
improved their reading skills. 

More important, the 

Pinecrest residents offer 
their charges praise and 
encouragement that boosts 
the children's self-confi- 
dence. Through the tutoring 
sessions, the children develop 
a positive attitude toward 
reading, as well as improve 
their skills. 

The tutoring sessions have 
another positive spin-off: 
Friendships develop that are 
a benefit for both residents 
and children. 

Campus comments 

A recent grant of $450,000 
brought to $3.69 million the 
money raised by the Univer- 
sity of La Verne to pay for 
expanding and renovating its 

Wilson Library/Academic 
Center. The project is 
scheduled for completion in 
the fall of 1993. 

• A group of Juniata 
College students celebrated 
Valentine Day by baking 
heart-shaped cookies for 
patients at Huntingdon's 
Home Nursing Agency. 

The students are members 
of Adopt-a-Grandparent, a 
program that matches Juniata 
students with homebound 
patients in the county. 

• Former Indiana Univer- 
sity basketball star Steve 
Alford became basketball 
coach at Manchester 
College in December. At 
I.U., Steve became an 
Olympic gold medalist, the 
school's leading career 
scorer, and, in 1987, the 

Can any church in the United States top this? 

Members of Ekklesiyar ' Yanuwa a Nigeria call it "the largest 
Church of the Brethren congregation in the world." Pacific 
Southwest co-district executive Pattie Bittinger Stern snapped 
this photo (below) of the Maiduguri (Nigeria) church on 
Christmas Day 1991, which also was her birthday. She reports 
that there were 5,121 worshipers on that day. Pattie was born 
in Nigeria and served there later, with her husband, Irven 
Stern. A sabbatical last fall took the couple back to Nigeria for 
the first time in 30 years. In addition to such growth as the 
Maiduguri church demonstrates, a greatly enlarged Kulp Bible 
College impressed the Sterns, who were its founders. 

4 Messenger April 1992 

captain of Bobby Knight's 
third national championship 

Manchester coach Sieve Alford 

This and that 

Washington Creek Church 
of the Brethren, near Over- 
brook, Kan., held "Jubilee 
II — a Church of the Brethren 
Conference on the Holy 
Spirit" March 20-22. Leaders 
included Don and Shirley 
Fike, Doug Fike, Jay Gibble, 
Chalmer Faw, and Stafford 

• When the denomination's 
senior district executive 
threw in the towel last 
August, he did it with pizazz. 
At district conference, 
retiring Northern Ohio 
executive Gordon Bucher 
washed the feet of his grand- 
son B.J. Bucher (symbolizing 
families), new member at 
Hartville Matt Luker (new 
persons), and new executive 
Tom Zuercher (new leader- 

Displaying "pantry raid" bounty are Roaring Spring youth 
Brian Over and Joshua Harmon (front), Scott Thompson 
(center), and Stacey Bookhammer and Kristen Over (back). 

ship). He presented to each 
person the towel with which 
he had dried his feet. 

The "towel of faith and 
service" later was presented 
to Tom Zuercher at his 
installation, as a symbol of 
the passing of transfer of 
leadership. The district's 
Women's Fellowship 

Passing on 
the louel ' 


The center of a gift quilt 
noted Gordon Bucher s 33- 
year tenure as Northern Ohio 
district executive. 

presented to the retiring DE 
and his wife, Darlene, a quilt 
on the theme of "Passing on 
the Towel." 

• Youth at Roaring Spring 
(Pa.) First Church of the 
Brethren conducted a door- 
to-door "pantry raid" to 
benefit the Claysburg Food 
Bank. At a church worship 
service led by the youth the 
"loot" from the raid filled the 
area in front of the church 
altar table. 

Let's celebrate 

Reedley (Calif.) Corner- 
stone Community Church of 
the Brethren burned the 
mortgage for its education 
building last September. 

• Elkhart Valley Church 
of the Brethren, near Elkhart, 
Ind., celebrated its 125th 

anniversary in 1991. A book, 
Through the Years at Elkhart 
Valley, by Willis L. Hersh- 
berger, is for sale, to aid the 
congregation's mission fund. 

• Rocky Ford (Colo.) 
Church of the Brethren 
celebrated homecoming 
November 17. Part of the 
event was the dedication of 
its new "We Care" handicap 
entrance and foyer, which 
includes a three-floor 
elevator. Paul Hoffman, 
president of McPherson 
College, was the guest 

• Northview Church of the 
Brethren, Indianapolis, Ind., 
celebrated its 90th anniver- 
sary November 24, using the 
theme "Remembering, Being, 
and Envisioning." 

• Everett (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren, preparing for its 
centennial, is looking for 
historical material. Contact 
its historical committee at 

1 19 East 2nd St., Everett, PA 

• Cranberry Fellowship 
new church development 
project, Evan City, Pa., held a 
groundbreaking service in 
October for its facility. 

• Mount Carmel Church 
of the Brethren, near Milam, 
W. Va., is celebrating its 
centennial this year. It dates 
from October 6, 1892. 

• Sebring (Fla.) Church of 
the Brethren kicked off its 
75th anniversary with a 
weekend of homecoming 
events December 7-8, 1991. 
The 75th Bible Conference 
next January will be the last 
hurrah of the celebration. 

• Adrian (Mich.) Church 
of the Brethren will mark its 
50th anniversary July 24—26, 
with Kenneth Long as the 
speaker on the 26th. 

April 1992 Messenger 5 

Christian leaders are at risk 
in El Salvador, Brethren say 

Two Brethren returned February 2 from 
a trip to El Salvador as part of a chain of 
international support for leaders of the 
Salvadoran Council of Churches. 

Phyllis Dodd, of Laurel, Md., and 
John Keller, of North Manchester, Ind., 
spent a week with council board mem- 
bers who have received a death threat 
linked to Christian support for the Salva- 
doran peace accord. 

The trip was "definitely worth it," al- 

court on charges of using Christian ideo- 
logy to recruit for rebel groups. 

The judge let Palacios go, saying there 
was no basis for the charges, but he con- 
tinued to be followed and harassed while 
Keller and Dodd were in El Salvador. 
The wife of another church leader was 
also kidnapped and held briefly, and in- 
terrogated about the whereabouts of 
council board members. 

Some board members have left the 
country temporarily to avoid the harass- 
ment, Keller said. The church leaders are 
being targeted now "because they have 

Phyllis Dodd (center) was one of two Brethren who traveled to El Salvador in re- 
sponse to death threats against leaders of the Salvadoran Council of Churches. At left 
is Lutheran bishop Medardo Gomez and at right Episcopal pastor Luis Serrano. 

though the international delegation was 
not "able to stop the hassling of Roberto 
Palacios by our presence," Keller said. 
Palacios — one of the council board 
members — was kidnapped in mid- Janu- 
ary, held by the Salvadoran National 
Guard, tortured, and brought before a 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church of the Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not 
necessarily represent the opinions of Messenger or 
the Church of the Brethren. 

united." The council has been in place 
only since August, he reported, and pre- 
viously the churches were less of a threat 
to repressive forces in the country. Now 
the churches in the council — Episcopal, 
Lutheran, Baptist, and Christian Re- 
formed — are "working toward the same 
goal of constructing a new society," 
Keller said. 

The churches "really want to build up 
the people's morale, to make them feel 
not so afraid, to express their faith and 
their feelings," said Dodd. "The healing 
of the population is one of the prayers of 
the church." 

Dodd and Keller also attended church 
events, visited government offices, and 

visited bombed-out villages repopulated 
by returning refugees. They traveled 
with the other members of the delega- 
tion: Colin Glenn, an American working 
for the United Church of Christ in Nica- 
ragua, and Adelheid Honecker, a Ger- 
man Lutheran representing the World 
Council of Churches. 

During one excursion to northern El 
Salvador, the group had an unexpected 
meeting with the commander of a rebel- 
held zone. The area had seen heavy 
fighting during the war, and the com- 
mander was accompanied by armed 
men, women, and children, Dodd said. 
She gave a Brethren Peace Fellowship 
button to the commander, saying it "rep- 
resented peace in the Church of the 
Brethren." The commander accepted the 
button and put it on his military uniform, 
she said. 

Miller endorses health care, 
opposes loans to Israel 

An Interreligious Health Care Access 
Campaign has been endorsed by general 
secretary Donald Miller, who has also 
signed onto a statement opposing US 
housing loan guarantees to Israel. 

The health campaign was launched 
January 7 by leaders of more than 15 re- 
ligious bodies and other leaders. A docu- 
ment of principles will guide participants 


Brethren Renewal Services (BRS) Confer- 
ences: "Indy '92: Empowered Annual 
Meeting" and "Brethren in Crisis!" at the 
Holiday Inn North, Indianapolis, Ind., 
April 23-26 [contact Empowered Minis- 
tries, P.O. Box 722, Goshen, IN 46526, 
(219) 534-2891]. 

Brethren World Assembly, including the 
Old German Baptist Brethren, the Grace 
Brethren, The Brethren Church, the 
Church of the Brethren, and the Dunkard 
Brethren, at Elizabethtown College, Eliz- 
abethtown, Pa., July 15-18 [contact Don- 
ald F. Dumbaugh, Elizabethtown Col- 
lege, Elizabethtown, PA 17022, (717) 
367-1151 ext. 369]. 

6 Messenger April 1992 

in a push for health care legislation. 

"Our first priority is access to primary 
and acute health care for every person 
iliving in the United States," said Sue 
[Thornton, chairwoman of the group that 
drafted the principles. 

In 1989, Annual Conference adopted a 
document on health care as a basic hu- 
man right. In March, the General Board 
acted on a follow-up resolution reaf- 
firming the Annual Conference state- 
ment and supporting the Health Care 
jAccess Campaign. 

The statement on loans to Israel was 
issued by 15 Protestant and Roman 
Catholic leaders as an open letter to US 
President George Bush. The group com- 
mended Bush's leadership in encourag- 
ing peace in the area, but urged him to 
pppose housing loan guarantees until 
Israel halts construction and expansion 
bf Jewish settlements in the Occupied 
Territories — the West Bank, Gaza, and 
East Jerusalem. 

"The continuation of settlements poses 
m enormous obstacle to this fragile 
Deace process," the statement said. "We 
'seek peace and security for Israel as we 
seek justice and self-determination for 

Eugene Roop called to take 
Bethany presidential post 

Eugene F. Roop has been named presi- 
dent of Bethany Theological Seminary, 
as of April. The appointment was an- 
nounced by the board of trustees after a 
special meeting February 1. 

Roop follows Wayne L. Miller in the 
oosition. Miller was named president in 
1989 on a short-term basis, and plans to 
"eturn to retirement after April. 

Currently a professor of biblical stud- 
ies at Bethany, Roop has taught there 
since 1977. He earned a master of divin- 
ity from Bethany in 1967 and a doctorate 
from Claremont Graduate School in 
1972. He has studied at Harvard Univer- 
sity, Cambridge University, and in 

Roop has also taught at Earlham 
School of Religion and has been a pas- 

Eugene F. Roop 

tor. He and his family attend the York 
Center Church of the Brethren in 
Lombard, 111. 

Bethany trustees continue 
affiliation talks with Earlham 

At a special meeting February 1 , 
Bethany Seminary's board of trustees 
reviewed models for the school's future 
and voted to continue negotiations for 
affiliation with Earlham School of 
Religion in Richmond, Ind. 

Bethany's trustees also approved ex- 
ploring a capital fundraising campaign, 
decided to look for a broker to sell the 
present campus in Oak Brook, 111., and 
voted to investigate alternative ways to 
sell the land. 

"We have come to the cliff, to a 
brink," said trustee Jay Crist after finan- 
cial models prepared by staff revealed 
Bethany's fragile financial condition. 
Several models portrayed bankruptcy for 
the school depending on variables such 
as the sale of land and cost of relocation. 
The most recent offer received for the 
land was extremely low. 

A committee of Bethany and Earlham 
representatives has also issued a state- 
ment identifying joint areas of focus for 
the schools, including preparing students 
for ministry in the manner of each sepa- 
rate denomination, empowering witness 
to peace in Christ, and meeting the mod- 
ern world's challenges of urbanization, 
interdependence, and diversity. 

Agriculture program is 
planned for the republics 

Brethren are helping create a program of 
agricultural development in republics of 
the former Soviet Union. General Board 
staff H. Lamar Gibble went to Russia in 
January to meet with Russian Orthodox 
and Baptist leaders about the project. 

The response was "overwhelming," 
Gibble said. Orthodox leaders had warm 
memories of past cooperation with the 
Brethren, and "agricultural development 
was high, if not first, on their agendas." 

Church World Service will fund the 
project, drawing on Brethren expertise 
with agricultural programs in Poland and 
China. The project may include grants 
for seeds and technology, training for 
agricultural leaders in monasteries and 
villages, and graduate study in the US 
for agricultural scientists and workers. 

"Almost everywhere there was evi- 
dence of the flow of food and/or medical 
assistance," Gibble added. The most 
critical food needs "are among the elder- 
ly, children, nursing mothers, and the 
growing numbers of unemployed," he 
reported. Many Russians have stores of 
food, a practice that has "emerged from 
decades of experience with shortages." 

As of mid-February, nearly 8,000 
boxes of food donated by US Christians 
had been processed for shipping to Mos- 
cow via the New Windsor (Md.) Service 
Center. The food is part of an ecumeni 
cal, worldwide hunger project coordi- 
nated by the World Council of Churches. 
US efforts are coordinated by the United 
Methodist Committee on Relief. 

In Moscow, H. Lamar Gibble found med- 
ical supplies shipped via New Windsor. 

v. >; x 

April 1992 Messenger 7 

Dominican Brethren hold 
first national assembly 

Representatives from the Church of 
the Brethren in the US participated in 
a Constitutive Assembly of the 
Church of the Brethren in the Domin- 
ican Republic January 25-26. 

"We wanted to let [the Domini- 
cans] know that the whole denomina- 
tion was in fellowship with them," 
said general secretary Donald Miller. 

Accompanying Miller were Annual 
Conference moderator Phyllis Carter 
and Estella Horning, consultant for 
leadership training and theological 
education. Miller and Carter re- 
sponded to questions concerning the 
actions and organization of the US 
Church of the Brethren as the Domin- 
icans revised their own constitution 
and corporation documents. 

The Dominicans are excited by the 
prospects of their relationship to US 
Brethren through Atlantic Southeast 
District and hope to be involved in 
Annual Conference this summer, said 

Board members and conference of- 
ficers were elected at the assembly. 
Guillermo Encarnacion, pastor of the 

Dominican Brethren gathered in January for a first Brethren assembly in their 
country. The assembly elected officers and revised corporation documents. 

Alfa y Omega and Puerto del Cielo 
churches in Pennsylvania, is moderator. 
Fausto Carrasco is board chairman. One 
of the first tasks of the board is to deter- 
mine criteria for identifying new con- 
gregations and fellowships in the DR. 

During the assembly, Horning also re- 
ported on her leadership training pro- 
gram for Dominican pastors. Her pro- 

gram provides training for lay lead- 
ership and guidance for those pursu- 
ing a seminary degree. 

Miller expressed optimism for the 
future of the Brethren in the DR. "My 
hope is that they will become a strong 
body of believers that will support 
each other and take the New Testa- 
ment as the norm for their lives." 

Additional disaster grants 
go to Puerto Rico, Haiti 

An additional $15,300 has been given 
from the Emergency Disaster Fund in 
response to flooding in Puerto Rico. This 
money will fund a long-term relief proj- 


In a news story titled "Christ the 
Servant Thanks the Larger Church 
with Gifts" (March, page 8), some 
figures were reported incorrectly. 
The General Board paid $37,700 
for eight acres of land bought in 
1978, not about $24,000 for land 
bought in 1977. The Board also 
sold its five acres in 1988, not in 

ect in clean-up and repair, as well as 
other needs of the people affected. 

Christian Ministry for Emergency Ser- 
vices Inc., an ecumenical agency in 
which Puerto Rican Brethren participate, 
will receive $500 for relief supplies. 

An allocation of $4,800 was made for 
further assistance to Haiti in response to 
the political strife and economic up- 
heaval there since a military coup in 

Christians issue statement 
on global warming, climate 

Global warming is "an issue of 
spirituality and justice," according to a 
statement from 22 US and Canadian 
church leaders including Shantilal 
Bhagat, Church of the Brethren staff for 

eco-justice and rural concerns. 

"The energy-hungry lifestyle of the 
world's northern nations" is a key factor 
in the gas emissions that cause global 
warming and climate changes, the state- 
ment said. "Our poorer southern sisters 
and brothers will suffer disproportion- 
ately from a crisis precipitated largely by 
the rich northern countries." 

The statement supported the signing of 
a World Climate Convention at a United 
Nations conference in Brazil in June, 
and also urged the US and Canada to 
reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and 
other greenhouse gases, and to share 
technologies to control emissions. 

"As church leaders ... we will seek to 
convince our church members that life 
will be more abundant with less atten- 
tion to material accumulation and more 
dependence on spiritual, intellectual, and 
artistic resources," the statement said. 

8 Messenger April 1992 

General Board announces 
>taff change, resignation 

jVendy Chamberlain McFadden began 
March 2 as director of Brethren Press, 
^or the past 10 years, she has served the 
ueneral Board as managing editor of 
llESSENGER/director of news services. 

Wendy McFadden 

Debra Eisenbise 

i Debra Eisenbise has resigned, 
Effective in mid-August, as orientation 
fend recruitment coordinator for Brethren 
Volunteer Service, a position she has 
field since 1989. She is pursuing work in 
campus ministry and youth/young adult 

fask force discusses family 
ministry work with Dubbles 

Marriage relationships, the definition of 
family in today's society, and communi- 
cation between parents and teens topped 
the list of family concerns reported by 
Brethren in a recent survey conducted by 
the Family Ministry Task Force. 

Other considerations were single 
parent issues and compiling family min- 
istry resources. The results of the survey 
will guide program volunteers Curtis and 
Anna Mary Dubble as they work with 
family ministry during 1992. 

The Dubbles, who began work Febru- 
ary 1, met with the Family Ministry 
Task Force February 7-8 to discuss 
plans for the year. They will convene 
three insight sessions at Annual Confer- 
ence covering conflict and values for 
families, family devotions, and imple- 
mentation of the human sexuality paper 
passed at the 1983 Annual Conference. 

The Dubbles will also host three 
informal "talk-it-over" sessions on 
"Being Single Again," "Parenting 
Troubled Teens," and "When You Have 

Th© 200th Unit of Brethren Volunteer Service completed orientation at Camp Ithiel 
in Gotha, Fla., January 5-25. Members are (front row) Debbie Eisenbise (orientation 
coordinator), Bobbi Arrillaga, Amy Reichardt, Chuck Kane, Suellen Shively, Leigh 
Noffsinger, Valleri Loose, Becki Blacksmith; (second row) Edyta Czesnel, Shel Eller, 
Meva Weaver, Cindi Dellett-Wion, Tim Dellett-Wion, Sue Grubb, Teresa Hawkins, 
Nat Bryan; (third row) Noelle Dulabaum (orientation assistant). Lisa Barwick, John 
Hite, Kurt Bearth, Andrew Smith, Julia Suor, Timothy O'Donnell, David Meredith, 
Jan Schrock (BVS director). 

to Parent Your Parents." 

In addition, the task force recommend- 
ed that the Dubbles hold five or six fam- 
ily ministry seminars or workshops at 
the congregational or district level. They 
are also establishing a network of family 
life contact people for each district. 

The Dubbles have been asked to com- 
pile materials to be sent to congregations 
in 1993 for National Family Week. Dur- 
ing their year working with family min- 
istry, they would like to increase denom- 
inational awareness of family events. 
"We're suggesting that the theme for the 
1 994 Annual Conference be centered 
around the International Year of the 
Family," said Curtis Dubble. 

Brethren staff oppose 
Haitian repatriation 

In February, Washington Office and ref- 
ugee staff signed a letter to congression- 
al representatives regarding refugees 
forcibly returned to Haiti by the US. 

The letter asked for temporary 
protected status for the refugees until 
democracy is restored in Haiti. Thou- 
sands of refugees have been returned to 

a climate of political and military 
repression in which "reliable sources 
have estimated that over 1,500 civilians 
have been killed, and the number of 
arrests . . . exceeds 300," according to 
Amnesty International. 

Brethren have also sponsored 46 of the 
more than 3,000 Haitians allowed into 
the US temporarily as political refugees. 

Many Haitian refugees were held temp- 
orarily at a US mili tan' base in Cuba. 

April 1992 Messenger 9 


Meet the Old German Baptist Brethren 

This July the five major Brethren groups will celebrate 250 
years of annual meetings by holding a first-ever Brethren 
World Assembly. As that event approaches, MESSENGER is 
presenting, in monthly installments, articles about each of the 
participating groups. Writer for the series, which began in the 

March issue, is historian William G. Willoughby. 

For information about the Brethren World Assembly, read 
Donald Durnbaugh' s "Freedom to Come Together," October 
1991 (but note that the assembly's dates are July 15-18, not 
July 25-28 as given in that article). 

by William G. Willoughby 

Had a time machine taken me back into 
the past? It seemed to me that I was 
attending a religious service of my 
eastern Pennsylvania childhood — with 
its bonnets, beards, prayer coverings, 
plain coats, and old-fashioned Brethren 

I had been invited to lecture on 
Brethren history to a gathering of about 
500 Old German Baptist Brethren at the 
Ripon Community Center, north of 
Modesto, Calif. Thirty years previously 
the Old German Baptist Brethren had a 
similar series with professor Floyd 
Mallott of Bethany Theological Semi- 
nary as their lecturer. 

As I entered the auditorium, many of 
the Brethren came forward to greet me. 
There was no suspicion of me as a 
worldly outsider. I was greeted with 
genuine warmth and sincerity — as a 
brother in Christ. Their friendliness 
was empowering. 

These were the "Old Order" Brethren, 
who in 1881 separated from the German 
Baptists (now the Church of the Breth- 
ren). These were the Brethren whose 
church services and style of living had 

10 Messenger April 1992 

changed little in the past hundred years. 
Their simple lifestyle and rejection of 
worldly possession are still evident in 
their homes, which exclude televisions, 
radios, VCRs, camcorders, and other 
"unnecessary luxuries." 

For an hour I lectured on "Hochmann 
and Religious Freedom." The audience 
listened intently, even the children. No 
one dozed. No one left the room. It was 
not the brilliance of the lecture that held 
them, but a desire for knowledge about 
their spiritual heritage. 

After a brief intermission, there was 
another hour for questions. Still no one 
dozed, and no one left. 

Who are the Old German Baptist 

They are the fourth largest of the five 
main bodies of Brethren. With approxi- 
mately 53 congregations scattered from 
Pennsylvania to Florida to California, 
they number about 6,000 in membership. 
Half of the Old German Baptist Brethren 
live in Indiana and Ohio. 

From about 1850 to 1881, under the 
leadership of conservative elders such as 
Peter Nead, an Old Order movement 
within the church repeatedly petitioned 
Annual Meeting to resist more firmly the 

changes taking place "across the 
brotherhood." They wanted to continue 
in the "old ways" of their fathers. They 
were concerned that the Annual Meet- 
ings were approving "new and fast 
movements," such as Sunday schools, 
mission boards, and high schools. They 
wanted to be "separate from the ungodli- 
ness" around them. 

These elders sought repeatedly to 
secure Annual Meeting approval for 
their agenda, without complete success. 
To solidify opposition to liberalizing 
trends, a special conference of Old Ordei 
Brethren met at the Ludlow-Painter 
Creek meetinghouse in southern Ohio. 
After much discussion they adopted the 
"Resolutions of August 24th, 1881." 
Those members who accepted them 
agreed to repudiate the Annual Meetings 
of the Brethren, and to hold to the "old 
land marks" which their "fathers had 
set" and to hand them down to their 
children as they had learned them. (See 
"Remove Not the Ancient Landmark," 
August 1981.) 

The resolutions asserted that in their 
churches there must be "no Sunday 
schools, no high schools, no revival 
meetings, no paid ministry, no mission- 

ary plans or mission boards ... no single 
mode of feet washing, no musical 
instruments. . . ." They also emphasized 
that the men should "strictly adhere to a 
plain and decent uniformity of dress as 
soldiers of King Immanuel ... no 
fashionable mustaches and no roached or 
shingled hair." They further stated that 
the sisters should "wear a plain, modest 
dress and bonnet; also a plain white cap 
in time of worship or on going abroad." 


ithin a few years a number of 
congregations in Pennsylvania, Indiana, 
Virginia and Maryland accepted the 
resolutions, and changed their name to 
Old German Baptist Brethren, the name 
they retain today. They believe they are 
the true heirs of the Schwarzenau 
Brethren of 1708. 

Every year since 1883, they have had 
their Annual Meeting at the time of 
Pentecost. In many ways it is like a 
Church of the Brethren Annual Confer- 
ence, but in many ways it is quite 

It is usually held on a farm near one of 
their meetinghouses. Two large tents are 
erected — one for their meetings, the 
other for meals provided by the host 
congregation. There are other small 
tents — concession stands for the sale 
of food. 

Since several thousand may be 
present, the logistical problem of 
providing food and shelter is awesome. 
Often nearby Church of the Brethren 
congregations and camps sponsor and 
staff the concession tents. 

Members gather for a Saturday 
afternoon "preaching service," but the 
Annual Meeting really begins on 
Pentecost Sunday. There is no raised 
platform, but in the center of the circular 
tent there is a long table, around which 
the elders sit. On the front benches other 
ministers and deacons sit. 

This is a day for singing, praying, and 
preaching. The service opens with a 
minister "lining" a hymn — reading 
several lines that the congregation then 
sings in unison. The singing is congrega- 
tional. There is no special music, no 
four-part harmony, no piano or organ, no 

quartets or choirs. The haunting, ethereal 
character of the congregational singing 
has an almost hypnotic effect. The 
church does adopt some modern technol- 
ogy, but only after careful consideration. 
Only in 1986 was amplifying equipment 

The prayers by various ministers are 
always extemporaneous, expressing their 
sincerity and concern for those in the 
community who are hurting, and their 
deep devotion to Christ and the church. 

Customarily there is one main sermon, 
lasting about an hour, followed by 
shorter sermons in response. It is my 
understanding that none of the ministers 
has been officially notified that he is to 
be the "main speaker," although there is 
a tacit understanding who will speak. 

After a noon meal recess, the after- 
noon service continues in much the same 
manner. The tent is crowded. The 
singing is vibrant and enthusiastic. The 
preaching is long, and the hard, some- 
times backless benches are a test of 

On Pentecost evening, the love feast 
service is celebrated very much as it was 
over 200 years ago. Only Old German 
Baptist Brethren members participate. 
Non-members may observe. 

After the service of feetwashing, the 
meal is placed on the long tables. It is 
eaten in silence. Following the meal, the 
salutation of the holy kiss is passed from 
one member to another. 

The bread and cup of communion 
follow. Since women are not allowed to 
break the bread or pass the cup of 
fermented wine to each other, an elder 
gives each woman a portion of bread 
and holds the cup for each one. Women 
do not participate in leading worship 
or in speaking. 

On Monday and Tuesday, the "mes- 
sengers" (delegates) from the various 
congregations deliberate in a business 
session on the items that are passed to 
them by Standing Committee. There is 
very little business compared with the 
Annual Conference of the Church of the 
Brethren. The few items of business deal 
mostly with the relationship of the Old 
German Baptist Brethren to the imping- 
ing world around them or to business 

and practices of the community. 

For example, when automobiles first 
appeared, they were generally opposed, 
but so many members bought them that 
the 1920 Annual Meeting resolved that 
those Brethren who had been expelled 
for buying automobiles should be 
"restored" to fellowship. In addition, it 
was stipulated that the Brethren should 
buy only "cheap and plain" automobiles. 
In 1925 the Annual Meeting decided that 
the radio was "not in harmony with the 
life and teaching of Christ." 

Some queries deal with matters of 
ritual, such as the one concerning the 
lining of hymns. Should the minister line 
two or four lines? Annual Meeting 
answered that either way was all right, 
"depending upon the kind of hymn and 
circumstances under which it is used." 

The Sunday services in the nearby 
congregations are similar to the Sunday 
services at Annual Meeting, only 
shorter. There are no bulletins, no 
musical instruments, no pulpits. Tradi- 
tionally the \yomen sit on one side of the 
aisle and the men on the other, although 
this practice is not followed as rigidly as 
it once was. 


was grateful for my lecture experi- 
ence. I was touched by the loyalty and 
dedication of the Old German Baptist 
Brethren to their Pietist-Anabaptist 
heritage. I was even more touched by the 
genuine community (Gemeinschaft) 
present in their common life. 

I could understand what drew Floyd 
Mallott, in his retirement, to ask for 
rebaptism into the "Old Order." I could 
understand the joy of a young Church of 
the Brethren couple, recent graduates of 
the University of La Verne, who also 
were rebaptized. They all found some- 
thing in the Old German Baptist Breth- 
ren they apparently had not found in the 
Church of the Brethren — a simple, but 
structured faith, a disciplined, but 
loving and caring community. 


William G. Willoughhy is a retired educator 
living in La Verne. Calif., after a teaching career at 
Bridgewater fVa.) College and the University of La 
Verne {Calif.), and a stint as director of Brethren 
Service in Europe. 

April 1992 Messenger 11 


Love said, smiling at willful things I'd done, 

"You are accepted by the Holy One." 

I did not understand that gentle smile, 

My selfishness so surfeited with guile. 

Love beckoned to me, and I saw a wound, 

Wondering, I asked, "How did you hurt your hand?' 

Love said, softly, "I caught you when you fell 

To cushion you from an unshielded nail." 

My turn to smile. I said, "But it will heal, 

And will be well?" Then in the eyes of Love, 

A tear like wine. I felt an awful guilt, 

I saw the powers contending for my soul. 

I cried. "O Christ, that wound! It was for me!" 

Then Love turned round, and smiled again at me. 

The Holy One 

My name is Love. I walk a thousand streets. 

In every street I hear a lover sigh. 

Here Beatrice a smitten Dante meets, 

Here Abelard bids Heloise goodbye. 

My eyes have seen Mary's faithful despair. 

The Song of Songs and its erotic lilt, 

The pity and the pain of Hosea's prayer, 

The palace that a mighty love has built. 

My name is Love. These fragile human things, 

Raptured, believe they can control my power, 

They do not know the price my loving brings, 

They will not share the suffering of an hour. 

I am pure Love, dying on Calvary, 

I know the price. Do not play games with Me. 

by G. Wayne Glick 

G. Wayne Glick, former president of Keuka 
College, Keuka Park, N.Y., lives in Lancaster. Pa. 

1 2 Messenger April 1992 



v3v ^N?*i 



' S^i *^ 

^ *. 








Plotting the resurrection 

by Kenneth L. Gibble 

A story-teller and essayist, E. B. White 
had a knack for capturing in a few words 
the essence of things. In the last autumn 
of life for his wife, Katharine, E. B. 
White watched her as she planned the 
planting of bulbs in her flower garden. 
He described her bedraggled appearance 
as somewhat comical yet touching: 
. . . the small hunched-over 
figure, her studied absorption in 
the implausible notion that there 
would be yet another spring, 

oblivious to the ending of her 
own days, which she knew 
perfectly well was near at hand, 
sitting there with her detailed 
chart under those dark skies in the 
dying October, calmly plotting 
the resurrection. 

"Plotting the resurrection"! What a 
provocative phrase that is. In what sense 
is it possible for human beings to be the 
plotters of resurrection? 

The place to begin is with a look at the 
word plot. One definition for plot is "a 
small piece of ground, generally used for 

April 1992 Messenger 13 

a specific purpose." Because I enjoy 
growing vegetables in my backyard, the 
"specific purpose" that comes to my 
mind is that of gardening. 

A second definition for plot : "The 
series of events consisting of an outline 
of the action of a narrative or drama." 
This is the definition you learned in 
school. The teacher said you had to do a 
book report, and one of the things you 
had to report on was the plot of the 
story — the action, the unfolding of 
events with a beginning, a middle, and 
an end. 

Somewhat related to this definition 
is yet another, this one with a sinister 
twist to it. Here's what the dictionary 
says: "Plot: A secret plan to accomplish 
a hostile or illegal purpose; a scheme." 
Maybe you learned this meaning 
when you were a child. Your mother 
overheard you and one of your play- 
mates whispering behind the door. She 
hunted you down and said in a voice 
reeking with suspicion: "I think the two 
of you are up to no good. What are you 

Each of these definitions lends its 
meaning to the idea of "plotting the 
resurrection." One clue to the meaning 
of this phrase comes from the Bible. 
When the Apostle Paul wrote about 
resurrection, he resorted to the language 
of agriculture. "What you sow does not 
come to life unless it dies. And as for 
what you sow, you do not sow the body 
that is to be, but a bare seed, perhaps of 
wheat or of some other grain" (1 Cor. 

from dormant, dead-looking bushes and 
trees becomes a celebration of the power 
of the Almighty One, who creates and 
recreates, who makes all things new. 
As you and I drop seeds into our 


t is almost impossible to speak of 
resurrection without using the image of 
seeds planted in the ground. When Paul 
made his attempt to talk about the 
miracle known as resurrection, he drew 
on the analogy of a seed that cannot 
produce life until it dies. The cross must 
precede the empty tomb. New life 
requires first a dying. 

Each year when springtime arrives, 
few Christians can see greening grass or 
bursting buds without associating it with 
Christ's triumph over the grave. The 
annual miracle of new life springing 

14 Messenger April 1992 

garden plots, we are plotters indeed. We 
sow the seeds in faith that they will 
sprout and grow. We know that we 
cannot make it happen, and we would be 
foolish to dig up the seed to see if it has 
begun to sprout. All we can do is plant 
and wait; God must do the rest. But how 
important the planting is . . . and the 
waiting. This is so whether what we 
plant be literal seeds in our backyard 
gardens or figurative seeds such as acts 
of kindness, teaching our children about 
truth and beauty, or any one of a 
thousand ways of allowing God to use 
our gifts for the good of the earth and the 
human family. 

Plotting the resurrection. It's 
sowing seeds. But it's more than that. 
It's also "a secret plan to accomplish a 
hostile purpose, a scheme." How does 
that definition fit what resurrection is 

all about? 

Here's how it fits: In the crucifixion 
and raising of Jesus, God was plotting a 
hostile action indeed. Resurrection is the 
climax of the Holy One's scheme to 
overthrow the great enemy we call by 
various names — hell, death, the grave. 
In the Gospel of Mark's account of the 
first Easter, these forces of evil are 
symbolized by a huge stone. This 
stone blocked the entrance to the tomb 
in which the dead body of Jesus had 
been laid. 

The women go to the tomb on that 
morning with no idea how they will 
anoint the body of Jesus. They ask each 
other: "Who will roll away the stone for 
us from the door of the tomb?" The 
Gospel writer underscores their dilemma 
by telling us that the stone was "very 
large." The power of hell, death, and the 
grave seemed invincible to the women, 
as they still do. 

The stone of evil is very large indeed. 
Do you, as I do, often despair when you 
hear of so much that is wrong in the 
world — drug addiction, violent crime 
flourishing, abuse of power in high 
places, oppression of the poor all over 
the world, disease, bloodshed? You may 
wonder "who will roll away the stone." 

But the Gospel says that the women 
did not despair. They did not stay at 
home wringing their hands, nor did they 
tell themselves it was no use to go to the 
sealed-off tomb. They went with spices 
for anointing. They went even when all 
they went with was a question: "Who 
will roll away the stone?" And their 
going was their part in the plot against 
the forces of evil. They were plotters of 

What about that last definition of the 
key word . . . plotl This is the book 
report meaning, plot as the series of 
actions in a story with a beginning, a 
middle, and an end. And what Easter 
represents in this plot is the turning 
point, the climax. With the empty tomb, 
with the resurrection, you and I know at 
last how the story will come out. It's 
going to be a happy ending. 

I once interviewed Madeleine 
L'Engle, a prolific writer of books for 
youth and adults. Here are my notes 


, from part of that interview. 

Question: In your books, both non- 
fiction and fiction, there seems always to 

! be, if not a happy ending, then at least a 

; triumphant ending. Is this the way you 

| intend it? 

Madeleine: I do. There may be death 
at the end of my books, but they all do 

| assert that, yes, life is worth living. 
Question: Are you in a sense "stuck" 

| with the triumphant ending because of 
your faith? Not stuck in a negative 
sense, but it's a given because of the 
resurrection. And is this true for every 

l Christian artist? 

Madeleine: Yes, I think we're stuck 
with it. You either say God will succeed 
or God will fail. As long as I affirm God 
is going to succeed with creation, then 
my writings must reflect that. 


ou may not be a writer. But no less 
than Madeleine L'Engle, you are called 
to plot the resurrection. When you affirm 
the power and love of God revealed in 

' Easter, you affirm that God is going to 
succeed with creation. Madeleine 
L'Engle says, "Then my writings must 
reflect that." I would say, "Then your 
life must reflect that." In what you do 
and say, you need to demonstrate the joy 
and hope of Easter. Not just when the 
story of your life is bright with laughter, 

' but also when it turns dark with disap- 
pointment or loneliness or sorrow. 

None of us knows the exact details of 
how the story will end . . . whether it be 
the story of our own lives or the story of 
creation. Neither did the Gospel writers. 
But they knew a turning point in a plot 
when they saw one. They saw it in a 
stone rolled away and an empty tomb. 
And they became, in the telling of the 
story, part of the great company of those 
who, in every age, have joined with God 
in plotting resurrection for a world that 

, so often lies in the grasp of death. 
What higher calling exists than to be 

| one of the plotters of 


Kenneth L. Gibble is co-pastor of Arlington (Va.) 
Church of the Brethren, and promotion consultant 
for Messenger. 

Forward . . . seeking the mind of Christ 


Recently my eye was arrested by a headline in the sports section of the news- 
paper: "Everybody Loves a Dunker." I was startled by this seeming reference 
to the Brethren. As I began reading the article, I realized, however, that it was 
about the National Basketball Association. The dunkers everybody loves are 
those who, with high flying acrobatics, are able to stuff a basketball through 
the hoop. 

My dream for the Brethren in the decade of the '90s is that everyone would 
know who the Dunkers are, and what our witness is. That everyone would love a 
Dunker is more than one can expect, but I believe many will want to join us. 
Inviting others to be with us in following Christ is a part of the spiritual renewal 
sweeping the church. 

The 1988 Annual Conference established the Goals for the '90s — Evange- 
lism and Witness, Scripture and Heritage, Family and Youth, Service and Peace, 
Spiritual Renewal and Ministry. These goals came from people across the 
denomination. They are now goals for the entire Church of the Brethren. 

We are increasing our efforts at evangelism with a goal of establishing 1 10 
new congregations during the decade. We are reaching out to plant churches in 
Korea and the Dominican Republic. We are reaching out to include Hispanics. 
Koreans, and African-Americans in this country. 

The Brethren and the Mennonites are developing a new children's curricu- 
lum. A new hymnal is ready for publication. We are translating basic Brethren 
resources into Spanish and Korean. 

Youth have increasing interest and leadership in the church. Curtis and 
Anna Mary Dubble began a one-year assignment with Parish Ministries in 
February to develop a renewed emphasis on family life. Brethren gave a 
tremendous response to the appeal to help feed the people of Moscow this past 
winter. We are assisting Castaner Hospital in Puerto Rico to build new housing 
for medical staff. Brethren Volunteer Service workers are witnessing to this faith 
in countries around the world. 

People in many congregations have joined church leaders on Monday 
mornings at 7:30 in weekly prayer for renewal of the church (see November, 
page 11). Everyone in the church is encouraged to join. During the 40 days of 
Lent the call forward to renewal is a challenge to every member, every family, 
and every congregation to pray daily for the renewal of the church and for 
dedication to the worldwide mission of the church. 

The Brethren Goals for the '90s are a great vision of responding to the call 
of Jesus Christ in our time. Christ constantly leads us into the turmoil of our 
time with a gracious, forgiving, loving, reconciling witness. Through the years 
Brethren have made their witness practical and inviting to their neighbors near 
and far. Christ calls us to continue that witness. 

Brethren who respond to the call of Christ cannot expect that everybody 
will love a Dunker. However, when we are faithful, many are ready to hear 
God's call. It is not appropriate to expect to receive everyone's love, but rather 
to let everybody know that God in Jesus Christ loves them. — Donald E. 

Donald E. Miller is general secretary of the Church of the Brethren. 

April 1992 Messenger 15 

Images of 

love feast 

photo essay by Glenn Mitchell 

^[MfvUt tlMih $tltf HjLuM, IaxIUmis ite. Cl.iI-. 

<5u*Ati y\mm^ wi*" )i>u&*al yuMi duAf. The- 

ih 4 5iM/i'u fiurf U ad ff^oLtU U&&,. te the. $IUm. j 
at CnwuAJCb at fat sub* #i h^othi^ l&tick, im . 


to wm tsfU^Jtr^JUKt- ik a CMam&**j 

tyw im. PU* U^ty ft^*- " w> y^d 
OuwOftw, Oa tvtM. -this -zuMfbuJ- ^ 

16 Messenger April 1992 


The. \wuid U tytttuUJ- U fat othi^ l LvtM, 04 
ClwM- tytt+JjuL docb Uvt tib im puwu^k, fuo 
SUM/ V\JUiri6Jiiiitu. 7k ffrdy H CkA^U COY. - 
(UUU4 to bt koyi&xtd <mui\\ef, U4 im> OWu. 

fo I'M CWOthlA/. 4 lift 9ffYfL cfatZLsUiL- to 

e^V^u-n, both, the tr^cM^ o^4 fa cAoUe, 


UtwiCHJ the jyjJt u*AM4 di Da, 
ifa. \jOUm Wt^itJic. &K thd Uvt*A*Jr 
UasuuUJM, <p*M- CMmM- btu, tb 

Wt CA/^r fib OUA*l*t/vCd I** 

-faU^ji fa fu ummm, a tki cstsy 

Glenn Mitchell is pastor of Stale College (Pa.) 
University Baptist and Brethren congregation. 

April 1992 Messenger 17 

Why are ther 
at the lov< 


rowds of spectators turned out for 
Brethren love feasts a century ago. 
Today we have trouble getting the 
membership to turn out. Those two facts 
suggest two things: Those earlier love 
feasts must have been strikingly differ- 
ent from practices of other denomina- 
tions, and today's love feasts must be 
lacking something ... or are not 
sufficiently stressed. 

The founding Brethren leaders, 
determined to live as closely as possible 
by the New Testament, searched its 
passages for guidance in creating their 
love feast practices. As anyone can see 
by a cursory reading of those same 
passages, there is no ready-made guide 
in them. The synoptic Gospels have no 
feetwashing. The Gospel of John has no 
breaking of bread. In Luke, the meal 
starts with the cup. 

So the first Brethren 
established the practice of 
holding one liturgical meal, 
the love feast, which 
included parts from all the 
New Testament meals. 
Believing it necessary to 
resolve all conflicts before 
going to the altar (Matt. 5:23-24), 
Brethren leaders, in preparation for 
love feast, traditionally visited all 
members of the congregation before 
the love feast to ask if they were still in 
the faith and if they were at peace with 
the faith community. 

The Brethren take seriously the words 
of Paul in 1 Corinthians 1 1 :27-28 
regarding discernment of the body of 
Christ in the communion because the 
koinonia meal, the love feast, served 
either as an instrument or an expression 

of corporate unity. So love feast opens 
with a service of reading appropriate 
scriptures (Matt. 5:23-24; 1 Cor. 11:27- 
28; 2 Cor. 13:5; Rom. 12:1-2) and 
engaging in prayers of self-examination, 
confession, and forgiveness. 

The first of the three parts of the love 
feast is the feetwashing — reading John 
13, meditating on its meaning, and then 
washing each other's feet. The act 
finishes with the two persons greeting 
with the kiss of peace and handclasp of 

John 1 3 offers two reasons for per- 
forming feetwashing — to experience 
periodic cleansing (13:10) and to share 
in the servant action of Jesus (13:12-16). 
Brethren, who stress service to others as 
one of their chief distinguishing marks, 
see feetwashing as an extremely signifi- 
cant symbolic act of their faith. Nothing 
else in the love feast makes the upper 
room scene live again like the humble 
act of girding oneself with a towel, 
kneeling, and washing another's feet. 

The second part of the love feast, the 
agape meal, has followed a consistent 
pattern — a table grace and a simple 
meal. Early Brethren, attempting to copj 
New Testament ordinances as literally a,< 
possible, insisted on mutton. Today the 
most common elements are simple beef 
sandwiches and beef broth poured over 
broken bread. 

Christianity started as a fellowship 
of love. The shift from strangers to 
family occurred with the agape meal. In 
their love feast, Brethren express that 
fellowship of love from Christianity's 

The communion proper, the eucharist, 
comes as a climax to the other parts, the 

18 Messenger April 1992 

Impty places 
bast table? 

feetwashing and agape meal. 

The statement of the memorial from 
1 Corinthians 1 1:23-26 is followed by a 
'hanksgiving prayer for the unleavened 
iread, the breaking and eating of the 
jread, the thanksgiving prayer for the 
:up, and the drinking of it. 
1 In 1958, Annual Conference gave 
:ongregations permission to celebrate 
:ommunion without the feetwashing 
ind fellowship meal. Many Brethren 
/iew this as the turning point toward 
.ncreasing variations in love feast 
practice, as well as a falling away from 

I It is concern over this falling away 
hat has led to a churchwide study on 
•ove feast. 

: Two years ago, Shenandoah District 
isked the Annual Conference Standing 
Committee to raise this issue with other 
districts. Calling love feast the "high 
joint" of Brethren worship, Shenandoah 
Isked for a committee to study the 
condition of love feast across the 
ienomination and to recommend ways 
o enhance its significance, interpret the 
service to church members, and encour- 
age the participation of the entire 

The assignment, given to the General 
Board, was carried out by a three- 
member study committee — Joan Deeter, 
executive of the Board's Parish Minis- 
itries Commission; Owen Stultz, execu- 
tive of Virlina District; and Byron Flory, 
Ipastor of Waynesboro (Va.) Church of 
the Brethren. 

The committee conducted a survey 
among all the districts. Following is the 
committee's report. — Kermon 

Ihe obvious diversity in our obser- 
vance of love feast reflects the nature 
of our denomination in 1992. Yet, 
pervading everything is a strong feeling 
about the value of love feast for the 
denomination's health and vitality. It 
is affirmed as an important New Testa- 
ment and Brethren practice, a powerful 
way to express and strengthen commu- 
nity, and a vital resource for renewal 
and spiritual growth. 

The study committee is aware that the 
results of the questionnaire are flawed. 
Some congregations misinterpreted 
certain questions. The varied forms of 
responses made the results difficult to 
tabulate. Answers describing the 
situation regarding love feast 30 years 
ago may have been based on one 
individual's memory or assumptions. 
The committee believes, however, that 
its findings provide helpful information. 

The number of annual love feasts has 
remained fairly consistent, with the 
percentage of those who report holding 
the service twice a year increasing only 
slightly, from 71 percent to 78 percent, 
and those who report holding it only 
once a year decreasing from 25 percent 
to 20 percent. 

There has been a 37-percent decrease 
in the number of people attending love 
feast. It is noteworthy, however, that the 
decrease in the proportion of those 
attending love feast in relation to the 
number of those attending worship is 
just 13 percent. Almost a fifth actually 
show an increase in interest. 

Could the total decrease reflect in part 
the decrease in membership and worship 
attendance rather than a response to the 
love feast service itself? Some congrega- 

Questions that 
need answers 

• How do we balance the fear of 
losing treasured traditions with 
the need for freshness and cre- 
ativity to communicate deep 
meaning to new participants? 

• Should children be included 
in love feast to educate them and 
let them know that they are part 
of the family . . . or excluded to 
enhance the adult experience and 
reserve this occasion for full 

• What adaptations in love 
feast observance can be made for 
the physically disabled? 

• How can we be alert to the 
way that cultural and ethnic- 
diversity affect understandings? 

• Should there be limits to the 
adaptations made in love feast 

• What can we lose and still 
retain that which is essential for 
love feast? 

April 1992 Messenger 19 

tions insist that this is true. The numer- tables. That is only a small drop from Brethren have made some menu 
ous suggestions for strengthening love the three-fourths who conducted the changes, but not as many as might be 
feast are an indication of the efforts feetwashing at the tables 30 years ago. expected. Seventy-seven congregations 
some Brethren are making to be sure that There is evidence of a continuing report that they do not vary their love i 
this service has maximum participation strong feeling that men should wash the feast menu. This is a decrease from thej 
and meaning for those who come. feet of other men, while women wash 92 percent who believe the menu did nj 

That 164 congregations say no the feet of other women. The drop from vary 30 years ago. In addition, there is ; 
training for love feast is provided 99 percent to 95 percent on this question almost total unanimity about the use oi| 
indicates a gap that should be addressed. is very small. There also is a relatively unleavened bread. 
Some helpful suggestions are offered. small shift in the practice of the holy More congregations (43 percent) 

The survey response suggests that kiss that accompanies feetwashing. report using paper products than 30 
most objections to love feast focus on Wearing of the prayer covering has years ago (15 percent). More than half 
prayer coverings and feetwashing. Some dropped from 86 percent to 41 percent, a (57 percent), however, still choose not 
congregations have responded to the change sweeping from west to east. to do so. 

concerns about feetwashing by making There also has been a dramatic increase In general, although the roles of 
changes in the practice. Yet, two-thirds in the percentage of congregations in deacons are described as changing verj, 
of the congregations report that they still which women are used as leaders, from little, there is a notable increase in the 
conduct the feetwashing at the love feast 32 percent in 1961 to 80 percent in 1991. number of congregations that report 

Figures are based on 646 congregations. 
/-V T / Z3> -f*/2k Qnt A7&QtP*TT\ck\T Qnn 1" /~\ /"l d \ 7 Respondents compared love feast practice today 
L/UVC It/Clol V t'OLwl VJ-dV &11VJ- LUVJ-Ciy with what they remember from 30 years ago. 

30 years age 


30 years ago 


Number of times held per year 

One time 

124: 25% 

98: 20% 

Handshake with embrace 

162: 29% 

l251: 38% 

Handshake only 

17: 3% 


Two times 


387: 78% 


42: 7% 


Four times 

16: 3% 

8: 2% 


m ! 




Role of deacons 

Number participating 




Prepare and serve 


172 i 

Participation in proportion to 
worship attendance 












Seating arrangement (families 
or divided by male/female) 


492: 94% 

407: 77% 










«3 ; 

Not divided 

32: 6% 


Kind of food used 



Beef, broth, bread 

Location of feetwashing service 
At table 





49 ! 







Do men and women wash each 
other's feet? 












39: 8% 

132: 23% 

How is the holy kiss practiced? 

Handshake with kiss 

342: 61% 

329: 50% 

Do you vary the menu? 



440: 92% 


20 Messenger April 1 992 

i ing lay persons to read scripture 
i.ring love feast. 

lAlmost all congregations use hymns, 
;d most select the hymns ahead of 
me. This practice has changed little in 
1 years. There is an expansion of the 
pes of music included, with the great 
Urease being in the use of vocal 
lections and the variety of instruments. 
More than half the respondents believe 
at both 30 years ago and today there 
jve been two sermons emphasizing 
Ive feast during the year. Only about a 
nth of those responding said there are 
) sermons on that theme. 
! Although there is evidence of mixed 
elings about the change, there has 
:en a dramatic reversal in the practice 

of silence during the meal. The swing 
is from three-fourths of the congrega- 
tions eating in silence 30 years ago to 
that same portion conversing today. 

A s 

ls the committee tabulated the 
responses on bread and cup communion, 
it became clear that some congregations 
answered the question in relation to the 
use of bread and cup communion as part 
of the full love feast. The committee 
assumes, however, that this was a 
small minority. Clearly, most of the 
congregations — between two-thirds and 
three-fourths — have added this practice 
as a periodic part of Sunday morning 
worship. For half of those, the pattern 

is to have bread and cup communion 
twice a year. 

Adding a separate bread and cup 
communion generally has occurred since 
1950, with a large number of congrega- 
tions beginning in each of the last three 
decades. Predictably, members coming 
from outside the denomination have 
been a major factor in deciding to 
change. Additional motivation is a 
decreased attendance at love feast and a 
desire to provide additional opportunities 
for meaningful worship. 

Throughout the responses there is 
evidence of a clear relationship between 
pastoral advocacy and initiative and 
the interest in and strength of \A/Qi 

love feast. 


ji paper plates, cups, etc., used? 


years ago 



Percentage of women wearing 
prayer coverings 

years ago 



221: 43% 




289: 57% 



p does the scripture reading? 




Are women used as leaders? 










aity /membership/any 



Number of sermons during the 

jnly men 



year emphasizing love feast 

i hymns used? 





183: 59% 





f are hymns selected? 

353: 68% 

423: 67% 










158: 30% 

178: 28% 




11: 2% 

34: 5% 

Is unleavened bread used for 

K other forms of music used? 










92: 18% 





Conversational or silent meal? 















375: 73% 

121: 23% 








1992 Messe 

nger 21 

How congregations answered . 

. . . about bread and 
cup communion 

Do you have bread and cup commun- 
ion in addition to love feast? 





How often do you practice bread and 
cup communion each year? 

Why was bread and cup communion 

Selected responses: 

• Pastor introduced 

• Discomfort with feetwashing 

• Non-participation in love feast 

• To include more people 

• Varied faith traditions from which 
congregations emerged 

• Enrichment for morning worship 

• Desire for more frequent communion 

• Followed Annual Conference sanction 


1 time 

increased or decreased? 


2 times 


3 times 




4 times 






Remained the same 






Every week 


is communion 



Fellowship hall 
Love feast tables 

When did your congregation institute 
bread and cup communion? 














10-20 years ago 


20-30 years ago 


More than 30 years ago 


Don't know 

What method is used to serve bread 
and cup communion? 








Front of sanctuary 


Communion table 


Deacons serve 







. . . about full love feast 

List strengths of love feast as 

An overwhelming majority of the 
comments cluster in four major areas. 
These are selected comments representing 
many others. 

Expressing and strengthening community 

• Binding together 

• Visible expression of the family 
concept of church membership 

• More love and unity in the church 

• Encourages people to heal brokenness 

Renewal and spiritual growth 

• Spiritual cleansing 

• Humility, servanthood 

• Most meaningful, moving experience 
of corporate worship in the whole year 

• Great spiritual blessing 

Obedience to Christ 

• Doing what Jesus did 

• Increased understanding of the Scriptures 

• Makes the biblical drama live 

• Increased dedication to Christ 

Part of witness tied to past and future 

• Tradition and continuity with the past 

• Mini-lessons in Brethren doctrine and 

• Reminder of Brethren heritage 

• Ties to entire church 

List ways by which love feast could bi 

Selected suggestions: 

• Pastor and deacons work together to plan 

• More worshipful atmosphere 

• More time for self examination 

• More sermons on it 

• Training for those not raised in the 
Brethren tradition 

• Focus on Jesus and disciples and Holy 
Week in the table conversations 

• Prior visits focused on spiritual life of 
individual and the body 

• Present as a responsibility rather than 
an option 

Is there a preference for certain kinds 
of food? What kind? 

64 No preference 

248 Beef, broth, bread 

22 Fruit 

17 Sandwiches 

15 Lamb 

14 Rice 

Others: Cheese, simple meal, soup, dried 
fruit, eggs, lasagna, carrots, celery, olives, 
finger food, Third-world meal, cookies. 

Do you have any kind of training for 
love feast participants? 

None: 164 
Selected responses: 

• Two- week Bible study before love feast 

• Deacon-conducted training 

• Pastor's classes 

• Informational sessions an hour before 
the service 

• Children present and encouraged to 
participate as they wish 

• Booklet on Brethren love feast 

Has love feast interest and participa- 
tion increased or decreased? 

126 Increased 

194 Decreased 

118 Stayed the same 

22 Messenger April 1992 



by Robin 
Wentworth App 

My son wanted to know 
why my dinner was different 
from his. 

"I'm trying to lose some 
weight, honey." 

"Why do you want to lose 

"Because I'm too fat." 
Mistake! Mistake! I know 
better than to put myself 
down to my child. It's lousy 

"Mommy! You're not fat!" 

Good. An opportunity to 
redeem myself. "You're 
right, sweetheart, I'm not fat. 
I'm just not as thin as I'd 
like to be." 

"How thin would you like 
to be?" 

"W-e-e-111 . . . thinner than 
I am now." 

"How thin?" 

Don't they ever quit? "I 
don't know. Like the movie 
stars, I guess." 

It didn't take long for him 
to process that comment 
before saying, "But Mommy, 
you're not a movie star." 

That's right. I forgot. 

Spend some time "graz- 
ing" through prime-time 
television and you can see 
that our contemporary 
culture is obsessed with 
physical perfection. It seems 
to be just one more way in 
which people alienated from 
God turn to worshiping the 
created rather than the 

I wish I could hold some- 
one responsible for poison- 
ing our perceptions about 
what is and is not pleasing 

to the eye. But the truth is I 
don't know who wrote the 
current book on beauty. I 
don't know who changed 
the rules on body shapes and 
sizes. I don't know who's 
marketing the "product." 
And perhaps most distress- 
ing, I don't know why we 
"buy" it. 

But I do know the kind of 
pain and damage that results 
when one attempts to 
conform to such artificial 

I've nearly cried listening 
to too many healthy third- 
graders fret about being fat. 
I've felt my heart wrench as 
too many size-7 teenagers 
insisted they needed to diet. 
I've agonized with too many 
attractive young women who 
were self-destructing through 
bulimic behavior. And I've 
seen too many young men 
sweat out (literally) the 
driving compulsion to distort 
their physiques into a mold 
that some magazine has 
deemed "ideal." 

Don't misunderstand me. 
It is important to take care of 
ourselves physically. It is a 
natural extension of a 
positive self-image. And we 
certainly cannot "glorify 
God in our bodies" if we 
don't do some maintenance 
on the "temple." 

But when all efforts 
toward self-care and im- 
provement focus on the 
physical, when it becomes 
excessive and obsessive, 
there evolves an imbalance 

that sets the stage for 
collapse. It happens in much 
the same way that the shell 
of a building crumbles if 
there is nothing inside to 
hold it together. 

As with other life strug- 
gles, the wisdom in Reinhold 
Niebuhr's "Serenity Prayer" 
is applicable for this issue as 
well: Work toward accepting 
what you cannot change 
about your body. 

One of my favorite 
homework assignments for 
my clients struggling with 
just such concerns is to have 
them stand, alone and 
undressed, before their 
bedroom mirror and recite 
Psalm 139:14: "I praise you, 
for I am fearfully and 
wonderfully made." 

On an awful icy January 
morning, while out jogging, I 
encountered a working man 
who looked to be about three 
decades my senior. Taking 
note of my precarious, 
ponderous, navigation across 
the crusty, crunchy snow he 
grinned and asked, "Is that 
really necessary?" 

Good question, my friend. 
Good question, indeed. 

My son's logic is abso- 
lutely impeccable. Those of 
us who are not movie stars 
are not required to look like 
What a relief! 


Robin Wentworth App is a 
therapist, from Nappanee, Ind. She is 
currently serving as interim pastor of 
the Nappanee Church of the 

April 1992 Messenger 23 

by Paul E. R. Mundey 

"The Church Alive" is an 
evangelism column that appears 
three times a year. 

tie church 


Hitting on all cylinders 

Have you ever remarked of a 

friend or colleague: " is 

not hitting on all cylinders"? 
Such a statement suggests 
performance not up to par 
— an aspect of potential or 
energy not "kicking in." 

Often I say the same thing 
about congregations. As I 
sense some aspect of potency 
and power missing, it be- 
comes clear: "This church is 
not hitting on all cylinders." 

There are at least three 
basic "cylinders" needed to 
accelerate congregational 
life. If any one of them is 
missing, churches begin to 
"backfire" and sputter along. 
I am grateful to Jim Dethmer 
for first suggesting them. 

• Community: An experi- 
ence of fellowship and 
community propels the 
majority of established 
congregations. If all else 
fails, most churches have 
at least one place (group, 
event, etc.) where persons 
feel accepted, loved, and 
cared for. It's the warm 
reputation of that group (or 
groups) that keeps alive 
some sense of vitality. 

• Cause: Congregations 
really get moving when 
they rally behind a common 
vision, mission, or cause. 
Nothing accelerates the pace 
of congregational life like "a 
reason to live," an objective 
to achieve. The transition 
from maintenance to mission 
is a critical one in church 
growth and life — and can't 
be emphasized enough. 

• Corporation: Congre- 

gations really kick into high 
gear when they embrace the 
corporate side of their 
identity. Most parishes 
assume such a label is 
reserved for mega-churches. 
Not so. 

The minute a congre- 
gation opens a checking 
account it has entered the 
corporate realm — i.e., the 
realm of money, organi- 
zation, leadership, planning 
for growth, marketing 
(reaching out to a ministry 
area), effective communi- 
cation. It is these large- 
group, "business" skills that 
contemporary church leader- 
ship has largely lost — but 
desperately needs to regain. 

The bottom line is 
straight-forward: Congre- 
gations are called to hit on at 
least these three cylinders. 
Of course there are others 
(V-8 congregations are my 
dream!), but without a mini- 
mum of these three, churches 
will just sputter along. 

Is your congregation just 
sputtering along? Which 
"vitality cylinders" are not 
kicking in? What repair work 
might be needed in order to 
get things fully charged up 
and moving again? 

Our growing family 

Make your desire for growth 
and new life visible. Display 
a large wall poster filled with 
Polaroid photos of new 

An excellent poster has 
been developed for the 
Church of the Brethren's 
Passing On the Promise 
process, and is now available 
to all congregations. 

Titled "Our Growing 
Church Family," it takes on 
the appearance of a large 
family album. 

This poster sells for $3. 
Order from Brethren 
Press, (800)441-3712 


Paul E. R. Mundey is the General 
Board's staff for evangelism. 

24 Messenger April 1992 


atalog no junk mail piece 

vly reaction to that four-color catalog 

oalsfor the '90s Resources was the 
>pposite of Jonathan Meyer's (Letters, 

The catalog was simple in design but 
:reative and contemporary enough to 
Compete with the deluge of advertising 
ye find in the mailbox each day. Yet it 
tad a Brethren feel to it, with its "Goals 
or the '90s" theme and with real 
kethren as the models in the photos. It 
tood out from all the junk mail I got 
hat day. 

I was excited to finally see the items 
hat Brethren purchase at Annual Con- 
ference in the Brethren Press book sales 
irea. The catalog gave people who don't 
;et to Conference access to important 
esources, books, and other items. 

This catalog is a useful tool to pro- 
note products that Brethren need. It also 
"arried an important message. And today 
l message has to be pretty impressively 
lackaged to have an impact. 

Clay Myers-Bowman 
Lafayette, Ind. 

P.S. What is a "J. Crew catalog," 

kick's ready reference 

^s a Brethren evangelical, I have been 
rying for years to say some of what 
lick Gardner said in his February 
Liticle, "Brethren and Evangelical: Is the 
it a Good One?" But he has said it 
huch better. 

His article can serve as a yard stick by 
vhich Brethren can measure how 

he opinions expressed here are no! necessarily 
hose of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
i the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
xpressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief concise, and respectful of 
he opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
hat respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
nly when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
varranted. We will not consider any letter that 
omes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
etter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor. 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. 

evangelical they are and evangelicals 
can see how Brethren they are. 

I encourage Brethren to keep this 
article handy for ready reference. 

Olden D. Mitchell 
Elkhart, Ind. 

• Some people write history. I hope Rick 
Gardner influences history. 

His profound article distinguishes 
between the evangelical faith of Breth- 
ren and many forms of evangelicalism 
that have a divisive and scattering effect 
within the church. 

Gardner's statement of the faith is so 
basic, so true to Brethren identity, that it 
could, if widely read, become a centrip- 
etal force that draws us toward each 
other, helps us recover trust in each 
other, and gives us common ground from 
which to witness to others. 

In this time when an "evangelical" 
publication has been started, and a 
separate "evangelical" seminary is 

envisioned by some, I hope that the 
Gardner article will be widely studied. 

Guy Wampler 
Lancaster, Pa. 

• The forthrightness with which Rick 
Gardner addressed the issues of evan- 
gelical faith and Brethren practice clari- 
fied common themes and unique charac- 
teristics. His reflections help to reconcile 
opposing camps among us Brethren in 
our pursuit of a common, viable vision 
and program of evangelism. 

The article gave fair treatment to the 
historical understanding and practice of 
the Brethren as it relates to the Scrip- 
tures and to our faith witness. It pre- 
sented the evangelical approaches just 
as fairly. 

As a pastor, I am including a copy of 
the article in my Brethren heritage class 
and membership materials. 

Paul W. Roth 
Elgin. III. 



North Manchester, Indiana 46962 

Options: January practicum 
Junior year abroad 

Double major 

"the peaceable kindom" 

April 1992 Messenger 25 

On toleration of gays and lesbians i 

Kara Hooper 

Gay-bashing has 
a long tradition 

JR Stockberger had a well-written, well- 
presented letter in the December 
Messenger on James F. Myer's impli- 
cation that gay Brethren constitute "a 

To hold in respect and fellowship those in the 
church with whom we agree or disagree is a 
characteristic of the Church of the Brethren. It is to 
the continuation of this value, and to an open and 
probing forum, that "Opinions" are invited from 

We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
"Opinions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
of what we receive. All "Opinions" are edited for 

continual plague among us." 

One of the most beautiful things about 
the Christian tradition is its philosophy 
of unconditional love. In accepting 
God's unconditional love of us we also 
are told to love one another. Christians 
embrace this idea. 

Then, how does it happen? From the 
Crusades to the Inquisition, to the 
slaughter of indigenous peoples, to the 
Salem witch trials, and to modern-day 
gay-bashing, Christianity has been the 
stalwart supporter of intolerance. 

A tradition founded on grace and 
ultimate, unconditional love time and 
time again turns to self-righteousness 
and condemnation of anyone or anything 
deemed foreign or different. Perhaps 
we, too, would gladly crucify Jesus 
again in the name of Christianity, for he 

the faith in 

a new land 




They came by rafts over unfamiliar rivers. They came by 
literally cutting and hacking new trails into the unknown 
wilderness. They brought with them only the things they 
needed to build a new life, and always among those things 
was their faith in God and their unique brand of discipleship 
and worship. They were the early pioneers who brought the 
Church of the Brethren to Indiana where it grew and thrived. 

Using two previous histories as a foundation, this new 
book will include but also go far beyond the histories of 
individual congregations. It will also look at the great issues 
and events that shaped and molded who we are as Brethren 

Book Specifications: 6" x 9", 480 pages, hardcover, 100 photos, a Thirteen 
Lesson Study Guide will be available. 


Send inquires to: 


508 Miami Street 

North Manchester, IN 46962 

Author Stephen 
E. Bowers is 

editor at 

Mennonile Mutual 
Aid, Goshen, Ind. 
He is a former 
reporter and radio 
news director. 
Steve's heritage 
Ims a strong 
Church of the 
influence. He is a 
member of Goshen 
City Church of the 

truly was an outsider. And a vocal one, 
at that. 

One's physical appearance has nothii 
to do with the person inside the body. 
One's gender does not create one's sou 
It is the person, not the physical, that w 
are to love. 

If a same-sex, monogamous relation- 
ship is based on mutual respect, commi 
nication, and love of the soul that is th( 
person, not the body that houses the 
person, I gladly applaud and support 

Intolerance, unfortunately, 

persists in the 

history of Christianity. 

such a relationship. If those relational 
values are a plague, then may we all 
get sick. 

I would, in fact, prefer to see more 
relationships of this type than some of 
those I see that are founded strictly on 
the male/female dynamic and based 
purely on physical 


Kara Hooper, of Toledo, Ohio, is a Brethren 
Volunteer Service worker on assignment in Haiti. 

Phyllis Butt 

I'll speak up for 
JR Stockberger 

When I read JR Stockberger's Decemb 
letter, I knew I wanted to respond to hi, 1 
challenge to speak out. Reading James 
F. Myer's rebuttal to the letter (January 
spurred me to action. 

I am one who has been served by JR 
Stockberger — when I was in Brethren 
Volunteer Service (BVS) orientation. 
He is not the only gay person to minisfc 
to me within the Church of the Brethrei 
I would never consider their presence it 
my life a plague. Rather, it often has 
been a blessing. 

I have spent time in the dialog room 

26 Messenger April 1992 

ie church 

rovided the Brethren/Mennonite 
ouncil for Lesbian and Gay Concerns 
ifeMC) at Annual Conference by the 
rogram and Arrangements Committee 
i| ormerly Central Committee). The first 
1 urpose of the room is to provide a safe 
race for gay and lesbian Brethren, 
any of whom find no support in their 
feme congregations. In the room they 
tj in discuss their concerns and, I pray, 
nd healing. I am not speaking of 
;aling of their sexual orientation, for 
lis is not something to be cured. I am 
)eaking of healing from pain resulting 
om being treated as a "plague" by 
lose who claim to speak for God. 
The second purpose of the room is to 
lucate. There are books and other 
sources, and very open people to 
iswer visitors' questions. I received a 

In the dialog room there 

is healing from pain 

resulting from being treated 

as a 'plague' by those who 

claim to speak for God. 

t of education just by listening to the 
mversations in the room, none of 
hich dealt with sexual activity of 
ly kind. 

James F. Myer would be well served 
, a bit of open listening to his lesbian 
;id gay sisters and brothers in the dialog 
>om. He would learn that neither the 
jirpose of the room nor the conversa- 
;ons in it "promotes the practice of 
bdomy," as he puts it. 
I challenge Conference to give BMC a 
aoth in the exhibit hall, as well as the 
lalog room. I challenge all Brethren, 
ideed all Christians, to step away from 
teral biblical interpretations and from 
jidgmental attitudes, and to take on the 
r titude of Jesus Christ, who 
l.ught us to love one another. 



Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint "Pontius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 I $10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann, 111 Carter Road, Goshen. IN 46526. 


woold be a lot 
koret usefol. 
to iae:-- 



Take Hold of Your Future 

One Step at a Time. 


McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Michele Dalton, a sophomore at McPherson College, with her parents Stan and Sylvia 

''Quality of life depends on more than a good education and financial security. We feel 
McPherson College recognizes the importance of spiritual and personal growth and provides 
Michele the opportunity to grow and develop in all areas of her life." 

— Stan Dalton ('69) and Sylvia Albright Dalton ('66) 
, , . ,,-, j. Wichita, Kansas 

cnolarsnips/Urants: * 
Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 
Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 


Yes, 1 want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 

* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability oj 

Cit\ _ 

. State . 


Phone t- 


Phyllis Butt is a BVSer sen-ing in San Antonio, 

, Year of Graduation 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office. McPherson College, 
P.O. Box 1402. McPherson. KS 67460 or 
call collect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability 

April 1992 Messenger 27 

Lee Krdhenbuhl 

We'll persevere; 
we won't shut up 

Once there was a man called Peter. Peter 
loved God. All his life he had been told 
by others that scriptural passages such as 
Joshua 23:6-13 meant that God did not 
want him to associate with Gentiles. 
Even after he had met the living Christ, 
he believed for a time that Gentiles were 
outside the saving grace of God. 

Then Peter had a vision in which God 
told him that what had been considered 
unclean was now clean (Acts 10:9-16). 
At times Peter found it hard to accept 
this (see Gal. 2:1 1-21), but he remem- 
bered the vision God had given him. 

Church Si 


From the 



America's Church Sign Company 


Because he loved God and wanted to 
obey, Peter stepped out boldly in faith 
and embraced the Gentiles he once had 
excluded (Acts 10: 34-48). 

Others reviled him for this, saying he 
was in league with Satan and other nasty 
things. But Peter persevered. He did not 
leave the church. He would not remain 
invisible, and he would not shut up. For 
him, the words of his Lord Jesus became 
real: " 'They will put you out of the 
synagogues. Indeed, an hour is coming 
when those who kill you will think that 
by doing so they are offering worship to 
God'" (John 16:2). 

Once there was a woman called Sarah 
Major. Sister Sarah loved God. All her 
life she had been told by others that 
scriptural passages such as 1 Corinthians 
14:34-35 meant that God wanted women 
to keep silent in church. Even after she 
had met the living Christ, she believed 
for a time that women should not preach 
or teach. 

Then sister Sarah was convicted by 
God that, even though women were not 

considered fit to preach, she should do 
so anyway. Sister Sarah found it hard to 
accept this, but she remembered the 
vision God had given her. Because she 
loved God and wanted to obey, she 
stepped out boldly in faith and began 
preaching the gospel. 

Other believers reviled her for this, 
saying she was in league with Satan and 
other nasty things. But sister Sarah 
persevered, because God had called her 
to love others as she loved herself. She 
did not leave the church. She would not 
remain invisible, and she would not shut 
up. For her the words of the Lord Jesus 
became real: " 'They will put you out of 
the synagogues. Indeed, an hour is 
coming when those who kill you will 
think that by doing so they are offering 
worship to God.' " 

Once there were people who came to 
be called abolitionists. Many of these 
people loved God. All their lives they 
had been told by others that scriptural 
passages such as Ephesians 6:5 meant 
that negro slaves should be obedient to 



725 S. Pine Street, Sebring, FL 33870 

Ruth Lewis, Administrator 
(813)382-4440 385-0161 1-800-248-2681 

(In Florida) 

Independent Living • Assisted Living • Nursing Care 

THE PALMS OF SEBRING is located in the "HEARTLAND" of Florida, where a small-town 
atmosphere still prevails. 

A Leasing Program provides full services and amenities with available emergency and 
health care, on site. There are planned social and recreational programs to enjoy. 

For detailed information, write: 

ACLF ^4693 

Marketing Office 
725 S. Pine Street 
Sebring. FL 33870 

28 Messenger April 1992 





What Happens Sunday Morning 

A Layperson's Guide to Worship 
Carol M. Noren 

By helping lay people evaluate what they do Sunday 
morning, suggesting steps for making worship bet- 
ter, and showing how to work with their pastors, 
"Noren has provided a provocative study guide. . . 
I commend it highly as a basis for group discussion." 
—James F. White Paper $8.95 

Breaking Bread 

The Spiritual Significance of Food 
Sara Covin Juengst 

"Sara Juengst has written a thoughtful, venturesome 
and suggestive reflection on food, its ancient mean- 
ing, and its present significance. . This feast of a 
book begins with the concreteness of Betty Crocker 
and moves to the passion and faith of Mother 
Teresa. " — Walter Brueggemann Paper $895 

Trumpet at Full Moon 

An Introduction to Christian Spirituality 
as Diverse Practice 
W. Paul Jones 

Seeing the diverse experiences of individuals as the 
backbone of spirituality, "W. Paul Jones has written a 
wonderful book about life and its deepest meaning 
... He introduces the reader to a world of spirituality 
that is inviting, exciting, and transforming." 
—Rueben P. Job Paper $ 1 2.95 

The ABCs of Worship 

A Concise Dictionary 
Donald Wilson Stake 

This valuable reference contains 176 articles on 
terms and practices used in worship, and provides 
answers to many questions. Articles on symbols and 
on the Christian year are also included. 

Paper $995 

AIDS and the Church 

The Second Decade 
Revised and Enlarged 

Earl E. Shelp and Ronald H. Sunderland 
"The authors provide important new information 
about the changing evolution of the HTV/AIDS pan- 
demic, the persons it is affecting and its global 
impact. Most important, it presents a compassionate 
and prophetic vision of what the church's response 
ought to be. It is the definitive book on the subject." 
—James B. Nelson Paper $ 1 1 .95 


At your bookstore, or call toll free 1-800-227-2872 


100 Witherspoon Street, Louisville, KY 40202-1396 

April 1992 Messenger 29 


their masters. Even after they had met 
the living Christ, they believed for a 

From the 

Office of Human Resources 

Full-time position at Elgin: 
Managing Editor of Messenger/ 

Director of News Services 

Deadline: April 3, 1992 

Part-time position at Elgin: 
(approx. 18 hrs. weekly) 
Coordinator of BVS Recruitment 

Deadline: April 14. 1992 

Full-time. 1-year term only, 

field position in Korea: 
Field Staff for Korean Mission 

Deadline: April 20. 1992 

For additional information contact: 
Dale E. Minnich 
1451 Dundee Ave. 
Elgin, IL 60120 
(800) 323-8039 or (708) 742-5100 

Evangel 21 

A quarterly magazine for members 
of the Church of the Brethren 

Toll-free subscription line 

10i.m. to 5 p.m. E.S.T/C.D.T. 

Subscription rates: 

One year $10 Two years $18 

Three years $26 Lifetime $150 

Credit card orders only, please. 
Please have your card handy when calling. 

time that slavery was acceptable to God. 

Then these Christians were convicted 
by God that slavery was sin. Many found 
it hard at times to accept this, but they 
remembered the vision God had given 
them. Because they loved God and 
wanted to obey, they stepped out boldly 
in faith and began working for the 
abolition of slavery. 

Other believers reviled them for this, 
saying they were in league with Satan 

We will persevere, because 

God has called us to love 

others as we love ourselves. 

and other nasty things. But abolitionist 
Christians persevered, because God had 
called them to love others as they loved 
themselves. They did not leave the 
church. They would not remain invis- 
ible, and they would not shut up. For 
them, the words of the Lord Jesus 
became real: " 'They will put you out of 
the synagogues. Indeed, an hour is 
coming when those who kill you will 
think that by doing so they are offering 
worship to God.' " 

These days there are people who want 
the Church of the Brethren to embrace 
lesbian and gay Christians as full human 
beings. We love God. All our lives we 
had been told by others that scriptural 

passages such as 1 Timothy 1:10 meant 
that God's grace did not extend to 
homosexual people. Even after we had 
met the living Christ, we believed for a 
time that pressuring gay and lesbian 
people to change their sexual orientation' 
was acceptable to God. 

Then we were convicted by God that 
our oppression of gay and lesbian people 
is sin. Some of us have found it hard at 
times to accept this, but we remember 
the vision that God has given us. Be- 
cause we love God and want to obey, we. 
step out boldly in faith and are advocat- 
ing for gay and lesbian Christians. 

Other believers revile us for this, 
saying we are in league with Satan and 
other nasty things. (See "Satan Lures Us 
to Accept Gays," February.) But we will 
persevere, because God has called us to 
love others as we love ourselves. We 
will not leave the church. We will not 
remain invisible, and we will not shut 
up. For us, the words of our Lord Jesus 
are real: Some want us put out of the 
Church of the Brethren along with 
lesbian and gay Christians. Indeed, the 
hour has come when others seek to 
silence us and kill our spirits, thinking 
that by doing so they are 
offering worship to God. 


Lee Krahenbiihl is a member of Highland 
Avenue Church of the Brethren, in Elgin, III. 


doing something new with your life? Maybe it's time to renew 
a promise to serve others. Brethren Volunteer Service has 
over 200 opportunities to work for peace, justice, serve 
basic human needs and care for the environment. We seek 
committed people of all ages, incld. older adults w/ life skills/ 
experience. Give one, two years of your life. Contact Debbie 
Eisenbise, BVS Recruitment, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 
60120. Tel. (800) 323-8039 or in III. (708) 742-5100. 

TRAVEL— Grand tour of Europe and Israel (Holy Land). 
Fifteen days, July 21-Aug. 4, 1992. Visit Brethren sites in 
Europe. Jim Myer, devotional leader. For info, contact 
Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr., India- 
napolis, IN 46217, tel. (317) 882-5067 or James and Faye 
Myer, 170 W. Brubaker Valley Rd., Lititz, PA 17543, tel. 

TRAVEL— Experience Magic of the Alps in 1992. Austria, 
Switzerland, or Germany used to enhance tours of Europe. 
Why not enjoy all three on tour August 1 3-26, 1 992. Hosted 
by Frank Miller, retired Purdue Extension Agent. Tour 
arranged by Rural Route Tours. Visit Munich, Rothenburg. 
Zermat(atfootof Matterhorn), St. Moritz, Innsbruck, Vienna, 

30 Messenger April 1992 

Oberammergau, Salzburg, Geneva, Augsburg, Frankfurt. 
Ride famous Glacier Express. Visit a family in Bavarian 
Alps. View ancient castles, quaint villages fr. riverboat deck 
on delightful blue Danube cruise. Relax in first-class hotels. 
Buffet breakfast, 3-course dinner daily except Vienna. Travel 
deluxe motor coach designed for sightseeing. Full-time 
professional English-speaking Tour Manager. Contact Frank 
Miller, 317 Hickory Ln., North Manchester, IN 46962. Tel. 
(219) 982-4529. 

TRAVEL— Annual Conference. Bus transportation from 
Elizabethtown, Pa. and rooms while attending Annual Con- 
ference in Richmond, Va., June 30-July 5. Write: J. Kenneth 
Kreider, 1300 Sheaffer Rd., Elizabethtown, PA 17022. 

TRAVEL— Anniversary Alpine tour June 11-26; Great Brit- 
ain Aug. 11-28, hosted by Juniata College's Dottie & Rex 
Hershberger; Christmas Time Bavaria and Austria Dec. 7- 
15, hosted by Juniata College's Dr. Bob & Dottie Neff. For 
free brochure contact Gateway Travel Center, Inc., P.O. 
Box 595, Huntingdon, PA 16652. Tel. (800) 322-5080. 

TRAVEL— 2nd Wenger Heritage Tour of Europe (July 11- 
26, 1992) inclds. Holland, Germany, France, & Switzerland. 

Featuring Anabaptist (Mennonite/Brethren) and Wengei 
(Winger, Wanger, Whanger, Wingert, Wingerd, Wengert, i 
Wengerd) family sites in each country. Visits of particulai 
interest to the Brethren in Krefeld, Marburg, Schwarzenat 
and Surhisterveen. Tour of interest to other Swiss/Germar 
surnames of which many inter-married with the Wengers 
Tour arrangements by MTS Travel, 1 02 E. Main St., Ephrata 
PA 17522. Tel. (800) 874-9330. For info./brochure, contac 
tour hosts Samuel E. Wenger (717) 859-2357 or Jay V 
Wenger (717) 859-2396. 

SINGLES— Crossroads, Mennonite introduction service 
now has a monthly newsletter. Present clients' ads contain 
ing age, area, interests, for you to choose from. This is easy 
private way to meet those friends you have been hoping for 
For free sample copy, write to Crossroads, Box 32, N 
Tonawanda, NY 14120. 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga„ join Faithful Servant Churcr 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a.m 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail Rd 
and I-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact pastor Dor 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796, or John and Debbie Hammei 
(404) 448-9092, 5584 Wilmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092. 


Antelope Valley, S. Plains: Janet 

& Rick Hartz 
krlington, Mid-Atl.: Lucy Basler, 
Gary Smucker, JR 

ishland Dickey, N. Ohio: Robert, 
j Joyce. & Melanie Carpenter, 
Jason Hess. Vonn Miller. 
Phillip Schar. Tom. Susan. 
Heather. Jared, & Sharla 

ella Vista. Pac. S.W.: Debra 
Castra, Gary & Esther 
Stratton. Anna Gallegos, Jose 
Ojeda. Raleigh Benevides, 
Alfred Castro. Diana 
Guerrero. Daniel Barocio 

>ush Creek, Mid-Atl.: Edna 

hampaign, lll./Wis.: Robert & 

Susan Trudeau 
^rexel Hill, Atl. N.E.: Robert 
Carolan. Frances Cavalali, 
Marty Gerry. H. Edward 
Miles, Margie Sebastiani 

'upmii. N. Ohio: Jennifer 
Dunlap. Robert & John 
Stauffer, Joe Grant, Evelyn 
Etter. Mike Daughtery. Clyde 
Doster. Michelle Harter. 
Melanie Landwehr. Angie 
Martin. Bob Wollam, Allison 

el River, S/C Ind.: Karen 

irst-Phoenix, Pac. S.W.: Joel 
Kubik. Nellie Kohn, Charles 
Petrone. Carol & John 
Williams, Walter & Bertha 
Leiby, Lowell & Maxine 
Ritchie, Michelle Rodriguez, 
Ruby Hodges. Christopher 
Evenstead, Nettie King. 
Edwina Gross. Jennifer Jarboe 

ermantov, n Brick, Virlina: 
Bryan Hale. Benjie McBride 

reen Tree, Atl. N.E.: Margo 

Guzik, Heather & Sally 

Huber. Tom McLaughlin 

Jnnersville, Atl. N.E.: Sharrie 
Dewees, Joy & Rob Thacker. 
Floyd & Mary Jane Myer, 
Millie & Susan Franklin, 
Diana Sparklin 
Verne, Pac. S.W.: Lyle & 
Dodie Krug, Henrietta 
Wilders. Glenn Vaniman 

iberty Mills, S/C Ind.: Tracy 
Barney. Connie Enyeart, 
Walter Niccum. Rick Troxel, 
Audra & Karla Young 
a, N. Ohio: Jim & Carol 
Feldman, Amy Rumer 
lower Deer Creek, S/C Ind.: 
Amber Boyles 

(1. Bethel, Virlina: Tonya Coffey 

It. Pleasant, N. Ohio: David, 
Bonnie. & Shelly Ayers, 
Maria Jo & Anthony 
Dottavio. Brandon Hurst, 
Christa Ellsworth. Brent & 
Pam Allen. James. Linda. & 
Amanda Vandermark. 
Jennifer Clark. Shanni 
Weibeck. Dan. Debby, & 
Kristi Trump 

aperville, lll./Wis.: David Korf, 
Tereca Pagel, Lorin 
Weinreich, Debra Richards, 
Kathy Gingrich, Debbie 
Condon, David & Linda 

Banaszak, Karen Cameron, 
Vivek Shah, Kenard, Tara. 
Emest. Alpen. & Kevin 
Pandya. Monika Pandya, 
Brydon & Lou DeWitt. Cindy 
Weber-Han, Anthony & 
Debra Asta 

North Bend, N. Ohio: Renee 

Oak Grove, Virlina: Kristi 

Ottawa, W. Plains: Chester 
Disque, Haydn Shaw 

Pine Creek, N. Ind.: Rex Figg 

Plum Creek, W. Pa.: Carolyn 

Poplar Ridge. N. Ohio: Marc 
McBride. Peg & Tom Hunt 

Roanoke, S. Plains: Naomi 
Blanchard. Leah & Rachel 

Topeka, W. Plains: Diane & 
Robert Acton, Charles Baker, 
Christine Berns, Ruth 
Bledsoe, Erma Brooks, 
Charles & Sophia Dayton. 
Donna & Randall Handly. 
Clarence Harris. Mary & 
William Palmer. Penny 
Pfannenstiel. Vivian Rowzer 

Woodbury, M. Pa.: Kenton 
Clouse, Darwin & Denise 
Russell, Julie, Donald, & 
Sandra Smith, Peggy Teeter, 
Diane Whitstone 

York Center, lll./Wis.: Brad 
Lane. Jeffry & Jason Gunzel, 
David Cassel. Tim & Sue 
Barber, Cynthia Taylor, Carl 


Burtz, Ronald, licensed Nov. 2, 
1991, Woodland. lll./Wis. 

Deffenbaugh. Laura, licensed 
Dec. 7. 1991. Wiley, 
W. Plains 

Ditmars, Larry, licensed Dec. 7, 

1991. Antelope Park. 
W. Plains 

Fitchett, William Ray, licensed 
Oct. 3, 1991, Columbia 
Furnace, Shen. 

Heil, Steve, licensed Jan. 25, 

1992, Covington. Ore./Wash. 
McQueen, Donald, licensed Jan. 

25, 1992, Christ Our 

Shepherd, S/C Ind. 
Row, Diane, ordained Dec. 7. 

1991. Bethel. W. Plains 
Row, Michael, ordained Dec. 7, 

1991, Bethel, W. Plains 
Scholz, James J., licensed Sep. 28. 

1991, Franklin Grove, 

Stevens, Glenn, ordained Aug. 3. 

1991. Elkhart Valley, N. Ind. 


Bibbee, David, from Crest Manor, 

N. Ind., to Elkhart City, 

N. Ind. 
De Vore, Daryl. from other 

denomination to Pleasant 

Plains, S. Plains 
Ditmars, Larry, from secular to 

Trinity. W. Plains 
Kackley, Larry, from other 

denomination, to St. Joseph, 
Wagner. John O.. from Wood- 
land, lll./Wis., to Shelton, 


Bennett, Conway and Emma. 

Bethel. Pa.. 50 
Brubaker, Glenn and Innes, 

Pasadena. Calif. 50 
BufTenmyer, Jim and Diana. 

Lombard, III.. 50 
DeLauter, Les and Gladys. 

Frederick. Md., 65 
Fourman, John and Mary. 

Greenville, Ohio. 50 
Gay, Nathan and Garnet. Marion. 

Ohio. 55 
Griffin, Earl and Fern. Lombard. 

111., 50 
Heisler, Dale and Betty, 

Rockford. 111., 50 
Huffman, Roy and Evelyn, 

Greenville. Ohio. 60 
Hurst, Ray and Audrey. Canton. 

111.. 50 
McCoy, Lloyd and Eva. Cutler. 

Ind.. 60 
Metzger, Lester and Arloene. 

North Manchester. Ind.. 50 
Miller, Loren and Esther. Sebring, 

Moore, Harry and Blanche. 

Greenville. Ohio. 60 
Niccum, Walter and Doris, North 

Manchester. Ind., 50 
Nissley, Earl and Sara, Pasadena, 

Calif.. 50 
Plessinger, Ralp and Donna, 

Greenville, Ohio. 50 
Ritchie. Lura and Julius, 

Harrisonburg. Va., 50 
Roop, Roger and Olive. Union 

Bridge. Md.. 60 
Sample, Harold and Esther, New 

Providence. Pa.. 50 
Senour, John and Ruth, Pasadena, 

Calif., 50 
Spangler, Joseph and Mildred, 

Waynesboro, Pa.. 50 
Stewart, Harold and Ueen, 

Marion. Ohio, 55 
Stortnont, Robert and Helen. 

Rockford, III.. 50 
Stump, Paul and Jane. North 

Liberty. Ind.. 50 
Weaver, Ed and Pearl, Marion, 

Ohio. 50 


Anstine, Suzanne. 39, Atwater, 

Ohio. Nov. 16, 1991 
Au, Richard. 62. Louisville. Ohio. 

Feb. 10. 1991 
Bahner, Harvey. 79. Topeka, 

Kan.. May 17. 1991 
Bare, Margaret M., 81. York, Pa.. 

Jan. 13, 1992 
Baugher, James E.. 53. Dover. 

Pa., Jan. 11, 1992 
Bingham, Cliff. 86. Deer Isle, 

Maine. Dec. 25, 1991 
Boothe, Claude. 68, Roanoke, Va.. 

Jul. 31. 1991 
Brown. Elmer E.. 90. Akron. 

Ohio, Dec. 12. 1991 
Brown, Margaret, 88, Warrens- 
burg. Mo„ Nov. 5, 1991 

Buckwalter, Orpha. 92. 

Lancaster. Pa.. Jan. 3. 1992 
Buffenmeyer, Irwin J, 81, 

Lebanon, Pa., Oct. 16, 1991 
Burk, Mabel, 84. Warrensburg, 

Mo., Jan. 18. 1992 
Byer, Mildred. 77, Bayard, Iowa. 

Apr. 2. 1991 
Clower, Lora M.. 96. Bridge- 
water, Va., Dec. 28, 1991 
Cross, Mildred A., 68, York, Pa.. 

Jan. 12. 1992 
Emenheiser, Jessie 1., 93, New 

Oxford, Pa.. Jan. 19. 1992 
Engle, Lena. 88, Westminster. 

Md.Jan. 31, 1992 
Euler, Robert. 81. Wellsville. Pa.. 

Jan. 20. 1992 
Firestone, Catharine. 84. Mechan- 

icsburg. Pa.. Dec. 29, 1991 
Fisher, Willie. 94. Rocky Mount. 

Va..Oct. 5, 1991 
Frysinger, Miriam. 83, Palmyra, 

Pa., Jan. 14, 1992 
Garber, Frances, 40, Harrison- 
burg, Va.. Jan. 23, 1992 
Gladwell. Raymond, 82. Bealeton, 

Va.Jan. 25, 1992 
Gray, Miriam. 67. Lewisburg, 

Ohio, Jan. 24. 1992 
Grim, J. Lavere, 87. Spring 

Grove, Pa., Jan. 5, 1992 
Gudgel, Mary. 80. Anderson. Ind.. 

Sep. I. 1991 
Hackett. James W.. 40. Smith- 

ville. Ohio. Jan. 3. 1992 
Hamm. George H.. 81. Brod- 

becks. Pa.. Dec. 30. 1991 
Hecker, Leon, 66, Pearl City, III.. 

Nov. 14. 1991 
Hepner, Martha. 89. La Veme. 

Calif., Dec. 23, 1991 
Hershberger, Cleo, 88. Martins- 
burg. Pa., Jan. 25. 1992 
Hess. Ruth. 89. Neffsville. Pa.. 

Dec. 18. 1991 
Huffman. Bertha. 91. Bridge- 
water, Va.Jan. 14. 1992 
Jarboe, Erma. 90. McPherson, 

Kan.. Nov. 4. 1991 
Jauken, Neil. 14. Topeka. Kan.. 

Oct. 3, 1991 
Kaess, Albert G., 77. Akron. 

Ohio, Jan. 11. 1992 
Keefer, Beulah. 88. Westminster. 

Md.,Feb. 1, 1992 
Keeney, Elsie M.. 85, York, Pa.. 

Jan. 13. 1992 
Kenney, Peggy. 70. Stuart. Fla.. 

Nov. 27, 1991 
Kirkman, Alva, 100. Belem. 

N.M..Jan. 24, 1992 
Leckrone, Alice, 75. Custer. 

Mich.. Nov. 28. 1991 
Lehman, Edwin. 39. York. Pa., 

Jan. 15, 1992 
Longanecker, Edith. 83, 

Roanoke. La.. Jan. 30. 1992 
Ludwick, Ethel 1.. 76, Quaker- 
town. Pa, Dec. 18, 1991 
Mann. Pam. 37, Fort Collins, 

Colo., Nov. I, 1991 
Mauck, Lloyd. 84, Manassas, Va.. 

Jan. 2, 1992 
McCann, Lowell. 77. Paradise. 

Calif.. Dec. 21. 1991 
Menges. Kathy, 28. York. Pa.. Jan. 

27. 1992 
Meloy, Orpha. 93. Goshen. Ind.. 

Dec. 16, 1991 
Miller. Frances, 97. La Veme. 

Calif, Dec. 3. 1991 
Miller, Norman. 78. Covington, 

Ohio. Jan. 6. 1992 

Minnir. Neale, 8 1 , Roanoke. La., 

Dec. 11. 1991 
Mitchell, Mark, 34, Roanoke, Va., 

Aug. 11. 1991 
Mock, Clayton. 84. Syracuse. Ind.. 

Dec. 19. 1991 
Mohler, Elizabeth. 8 1 . Louisville. 

Ohio, Jan. 2, 1992 
Moody, Betty, 7 1 . Ottawa. Kan.. 

Jan. 6. 1992 
Musselman, Ruth, 82. Woodbury. 

Pa.. Jan. 9, 1992 
Mutzner, Charles D.. 80. Coving- 
ton, Ohio, Dec. 3 1 . 1991 
Myers, Grace. 90. Bealeton, Va.. 

Dec. 14, 1991 
Neher, Saylor. 100, Jasper, Mo., 

Nov. 15. 1991 
Oiler, Rello. 96. Waynesboro. Pa.. 

Jan. 7. 1992 
Pavlich, Wilma. 73, Hastings, 

Mich.. Dec. 29. 1991 
Perkins, Fred. 87, Paradise. Calif, 

Jan. 13. 1992 
Petry, Irene. 79. Greenville. Ohio. 

Dec. 29. 1991 
Poff, Lelia. 86. Roanoke, Va., 

Dec. 19. 1991 
Rice, Welty W.. 95. Frederick. 

Md.. Dec. 20, 1991 
Rodeffer, Fleta D.. 64. Bridge- 
water, Va.. Dec. 26. 1991 
Ronk, Jessie, 100. Marion. Ind.. 

Nov. 23. 1991 
Seip, Stella. 74. Modesto. Calif., 

Nov. 21, 1991 
Shaver, Dewitt, 81. Bridgewater. 

Va.. Feb. 2. 1992 
Shively. Edna. 91, La Verne. 

Calif, Jan. 4, 1992 
Sines, Oliver. 99. Elkins. W. Va., 

Oct. 22, 1991 
Smith, Barbara. 85. Martinsburg. 

Pa, Jan. 18. 1992 
Smith. Marie. 82. Topeka. Kan., 

Jun. 4. 1991 
Smith, David G.. 86. Midland. 

Va, Dec. 26. 1991 
Spitler, Paul. 69. Claypol. Ariz.. 

Jan. 10. 1992 
Steele. Stanley. 85. Malott. Wash.. 

Feb. 1, 1992 
Sterner, Willis, 67. Hanover, Pa., 

Jan. 22. 1992 
Stouffer, Earl. 96. Lombard. 111.. 

Nov. 25. 1991 
Stouffer, Ruth, 92, Lombard. 111. 

Dec. 18. 1991 
Thomas, Thomas A.. 95. Warren. 

Mich.. Jan. 1. 1992 
Thomas. Matthew. 25, Lancaster, 

Pa., Dec. 18, 1991 
Underwood, Eula. 93. Roanoke. 

Va.. Mar. 28. 1991 
Waters, Miriam R.. 83. Annville. 

Pa.. Jan. 4, 1992 
Watt. Clifton. 79. Lima. Ohio. 

Dec. 15. 1991 
Weaver. Bertha. 79. Lebanon. Pa.. 

Dec. 14. 1991 
White, Roy. 90. Citronelle. Ala.. 

Jan. 17. 1992 
Whitney. J. R.. 7 1 . Topeka. Kan.. 

Aug. 31. 1991 
Wise, Lucille. 8 1 . Lancaster, Pa.. 

Nov. 30. 1991 
Wise. Dorothv. 85. Lake Odessa. 

Mich.. Dec. 23. 1991 
Wood. Elizabeth. 60. Shelocta. 

Pa.. Nov. 16. 1991 
Yelton. Andrew. 74. Ruckersville. 

Va.. Dec. 7. 1991 
Zug. Lida. 93. Manheim. Pa.. Jan. 

I. 1992 

April 1992 Messenger 31 


Are Haitians our neighbors or not? 

"Give me your tired, your poor, /Your huddled 
masses yearning to breathe free. /The wretched 
refuse of your teeming shore. /Send these, the 
homeless, tempest-tost to me," run the words of 
Emma Lazarus inscribed on the pedestal of the 
Statue of Liberty. 

Lady Liberty has taken a beating recently at 
the hands of deft political cartoonists: Rather than 
"enlightening the world," the statue bends down, 
extends her torch, and with its flame forces the 
wretched refuse of Haiti back to that island's 
teeming shore. 

One of the sorriest chapters in our country's 
current history is the treatment of Haitian 
refugees fleeing the political oppression and 
economic misery of Haiti since the overthrow of 
its first freely elected president, Jean-Bertrand 
Aristide. The US has forcibly returned thousands 
of Haitian refugees to their homeland. 

Ostensibly at issue is the distinction between 
political refugees and economic refugees. Haiti 
has been plagued by both the most corrupt 
political leadership (before Aristide) in this hemi- 
sphere and grinding poverty and human misery 
unmatched as well on our side of the globe. 

Washington would have it that the great bulk 
of those fleeing Haiti just want a cut of the good 
life in the United States. As such they don't 
qualify for refugee status. Those who would 
succor the miserable Haitians, such as the Church 
of the Brethren, contend that most of the refugees 
are really fleeing for their lives, in danger of 
reprisals in the wake of Aristide 's overthrow. 

In fact, it's very difficult to separate the 
political refugees from the economic refugees in 
a case such as Haiti. Who wouldn't flee such a 
hell hole? I suspect that many of those who risked 
their lives on makeshift rafts didn't bother to 
meditate on what sort of refugee they were before 
they cast off. 

But what makes the US stance especially 
abominable is the strong suggestion that racial 
prejudice is what tips the scales of justice against 
the Haitians. White refugees from Europe don't 
seem to be hassled by US immigration authori- 
ties. By and large, we find room for them. No 
fuss. And we find room for refugees from 
countries far better off than Haiti, but countries 
we have it in for . . . such as Cuba. 

But for this wretched black refuse from 
Haiti, whose welfare we seemingly care nothing 
about and whose politics offer no big threat, we 
come up with handy, fine-line distinctions that 

32 Messenger April 1992 

get us off the hook and them off our shores. 

It's a sad, sad commentary on the "progress" 
we have made in overcoming the racial prejudice 
that stems from the slavery era of our history. 

I think it was mere coincidence, but my 
recent bedtime reading was a history of the 1858 
debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen 
A. Douglas, largely over the issue of slavery. I 
was impressed anew by the nobility of the words 
of the future Great Emancipator, and struck also 
by the irony with which they ring in the context 
of the Haitian refugee situation. 

Ahead of most people of his day, Lincoln 
declared: "Let us discard all this quibbling about 
this man and the other man — this race and the 
other race being inferior, and therefore they must 
be placed in an inferior position — discarding our 
standard that we have left us. Let us discard all 
these things, and unite as one people throughout 
this land, until we shall once more stand up 
declaring that all men are created equal." 

Lincoln contended that Thomas Jefferson's 
Declaration of Independence spoke for black and 
white alike when it declared that "all men are 
created equal." Obviously at that time, all "men" 
were not enjoying equality, and that would be a 
distant goal to work toward, but in Lincoln's 
view that did not exclude black slaves from 
Jefferson's stated principle. 


Lear Lincoln's words on the intention of 
Jefferson and the other founders of our country: 
"They knew the tendency of prosperity to breed 
tyrants, and so they established these great self- 
evident truths, that when in the distant future 
(such as 1992?) some man, some faction, some 
interest, should set up the doctrine that none but 
rich men, or none but white men, were entitled to 
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, their 
posterity might look up again to the Declaration 
of Independence and take courage to renew the 
battle which their fathers began — so that truth, 
and justice, and mercy, and all the humane and 
Christian virtues might not be extinguished from 
the land." 

I read the words of Emma Lazarus and the 
words of Abraham Lincoln, and am grieved that 
my country's government makes a mockery of 
them. I grieve, too, that a mockery is made as 
well of the words of One who said that next to 
loving God, the greatest commandment is "You 
shall love your neighbor as yourself." — K.T. 





TtU^iuM*** ******* 

cuw -J* 

\£4lM- A 

/7 ^y oM#. 




As easy as 1, 2, 3 

To subscribe call (800) 323-8039. 


1992 Evangelism Leaders Academy I 

i i I've found the 


Evangelism Academy 
undergirds the call to 
spiritual renewal. I 
encourage you to 
attend this vear! J 

Phyllis Carter 

Moderator, Church of the Brethren 

The Evangelism Leaders Academy 

is a multi-denominational training 

event sponsored by 

the Church of the Brethren 

ix locations coast to coast 
Conveniently scheduled during 

92 speakers include Richard 
Armstrong,William Easum,Joe 
Harding and Tim Timmons 

Call Today For A Free Brochure: 
1-800-323-8039 ext 280 

\V- ^«* v 




7-"- ^ _* 


Leading Bethany 
on a journey 






U9? _% 

Miss Nelie Wampler 

I am eager to see how many readers write us to say that they 
knew Miss Nelie Wampler (page 16) and to tell their favorite 
anecdote about her. After doing some of my own research, 
visiting Greene County, working with the writer, gathering 
photo resources, editing the copy, and designing and pasting up 
the story, I feel like I knew Miss Nelie, myself. 

I shall envy those people who write in, for, aside 
from the above activity, my ties to Miss Nelie are 
tenuous. My wife is related to her, as a second 
cousin, once removed (a kinship close enough to 
have meaning for us Virginians). But I have to go 
back almost 40 years to dredge up an experience 
that gives me claim to even a passing, nodding 
acquaintance with our heroine. 

When I was a freshman at Bridgewater 
College, a college friend, Lauree Hersch (now 
Lauree Hersch Meyer of the Bethany Seminary 
faculty), invited me to go along on a Saturday outing 
to Greene County. Lauree's folks had been fellow 
missionaries with Miss Nelie, so Lauree knew the 
area well. Bob Bowman, now pastor at Pleasant 
Valley, Weyers Cave, Va. — Miss Nelie's home 
congregation — also was in our party. The youth from Manassas 
Church of the Brethren rendezvoused with us and the Greene 
County youth at Evergreen church, and we hiked the hills, 
cooked out, worshiped, sang camp songs, played games, and 
generally skylarked our day away. 

Miss Nelie was getting on up in years then, her heyday was 
behind her, and her beloved Church of the Brethren Industrial 
School was but a memory. Yet there was enough of the Greene 
County saga alive that, callow youth that I was then, I felt 
caught up in it and remembered the day's happenings well. 
Learnings stayed with me, and four decades later, with the 
publishing of Miss Nelie's story, it somehow seems that a debt 
of gratitude finally has been paid for one of those many Breth- 
ren experiences of my youth that shaped who I am today. 

^jjUlAvc^J ' vA&r>oasU*r{/ 

COMING NEXT MONTH: A look at the Christopher Columbus 
quincentenary and a salute to the new hymnal that will be 
unveiled at Annual Conference. 

Vol. 141, No. 5 May 1992 


Kermon Thomasson 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Suellen Shively 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast, Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer; Illinois/Wiscons 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana, Leor 
Holderread; Michigan, Marie Willoughby; 
Mid-Atlantic, Ann Fouts; Northern Plains, 
Pauline Flory; Northern Ohio, Sherry 
Sampson; Southern Ohio, Shirley Petry; 
Oregon/Washington, Marguerite 
Shamberger; Pacific Southwest, Randy 
Miller; Middle Pennsylvania, Peggy Oven 
Southern Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. Gleim; 
Western Pennsylvania, Jay Christner; 
Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Virlina, Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains, Dean Hummer, 
West Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of the 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as second 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date. No 

1 , 1 984. Messenger is a 
A member of the Associated 
j^ Church Press and a subscriber 

to Religious News Service an( 

Ecumenical Press Service. 

Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individual 
rate, $10.50 church group plan, $10.50 gif 
subscriptions. Student rate 75e an issue. If 
you move, clip address label and send witr 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. Allov 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Com- 
mission, Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgin, 
111., and at additional mailing office. May 
1992. Copyright 1992, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 
POSTMASTER: Send address changes 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 

i Touch 2 

lose to Home 


ews 6 

/orldwide 9 

orward . . . Seeking the 

Mind of Christ 


stepping Stones 


I etters 30 

ontius' Puddle 


llurning Points 


Ijditorial 40 


pver, 27 second right: Nguyen Van 


(side front cover, 16-20. 26 lower 

(right and second right, 27 left and 

(second left: Brethren Historical 

Library and Archives 

I Christopher Frye 

(bottom: Irene S, Reynolds 

irighl. 24: George Keeler 

8 top: Kermon Thomasson 

Merv in Keeney 
| Mennonite Media Ministries 
t: Myerly & Lowe 
i) top: Phil Smith 

Annual Conference preview 10 

Suellen Shively takes a look at the 1992 Annual Conference 
business agenda and assorted Richmond activities. Sidebars 
on global church structure, by Kermon Thomasson, and 
ethics in ministry relations, by Cheryl Cayford. 

Nelie Wampler: She scorned "the stool of do- 
nothing" 16 

Nancy H. Morris tells the saga of an unusual Brethren 
missionary in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia. 

History behind a cornerstone 21 

Kevin Daggett explains why Virlina Brethren are celebrating 
the sesquicentenary of a congregation that no longer exists. 

Meet the Dunkard Brethren 22 

William G. Willoughby describes a Brethren group that left 
the Church of the Brethren in 1 926. 

Gene Roop: Leading Bethany on a journey 24 

Frank Ramirez provides insights into the man who, more 
than anyone else, will shape the "new Bethany." 

Cover story, page 24: Bethany Seminary's new president. Eugene F. Roop 
(right), says the toughest part of accepting the presidency was giving up 
teaching the Bible. But he still found good reasons to say "Yes" to the call. 

April 1992 Messenger 1 

Music takes her far 

Like the nursery rhyme's 
fine lady at Banbury Cross, 
Amy Rhine has music 
wherever she goes. Her 
musical talent has been a 


HT '-■ 

m fl 




When Japanese 
brass players joined 
Amy Rhine and 
other musicians 
from 20 countries to 
play "Hands Across 
the Sea, " the 
Japanese audience 
treated them like 
stars, giving them 
"scan'es, hand 
towels, key chains — 
whatever they had. " 

"In Touch " profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to "In 
Touch." Messenger. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

passport to travel not only in 
the United States but in 
Germany and Japan as well. 

While still in high school 
in Palmyra, Pa., Amy, whose 
specialty is the horn, juried 
for and made the Tanglewood 
Music Festival. Later she 
played for Epcot Center's 
All-American College 
Orchestra at Walt Disney 
World, in Orlando, Fla. 

Amy performed several 
times with the Eastman 
Philharmonic for the 
Heidleberg Castle Festival, in 
Germany. There she enjoyed 
playing on street corners 
more than playing in formal 
settings. "People stopped and 
sang old folk songs with us," 
remembers Amy. "Elderly 

women thrilled to see young 
girls playing the horn, since 
most German players are 

Amy's music has taken her 
twice to Japan, once with 
Leonard Bernstein and the 
Pacific Music Festival, with 
musicians from 20 countries. 
"That was Bernstein's last 
tour," Amy recalls. Bernstein 
died not long thereafter. "He 
had such an aura. We tried so 
hard to please." 

In one memorable concert, 
Japanese brass players joined 
with Amy's group to play 
John Philip Sousa's "Hands 
Across the Sea." Amy was 
touched by the audience's 
reaction. "The people treated 
us like stars, giving us 
scarves, hand towels, key 
chains, whatever they had." 

As Amy signed autographs 
for children after a concert 
in Hiroshima, she was 
impressed by the good will 
that is present 50 years after 
Japan and the US went to war 
against each other. 

Amy graduated from East- 
man School of Music and 
currently is studying at the 
University of Southern Cali- 
fornia. The much traveled 
musician seeks out the church 
wherever she goes. A mem- 
ber of the Palmyra Church of 
the Brethren, Amy has 
attended California's Glen- 
dale congregation since her 
move west. It provides her "a 
family atmosphere in a big 
city environment." — Jeanne 
Jacoby Smith 

Jeanne Jacoby Smith is director 
of publicity at McPherson (Kan.) 
College, and presently is teaching 
for Brethren Colleges Abroad (BCA) 
at Hokusei Cakuen University, in 
Sapporo. Japan. She is a member of 
McPherson Church of the Brethren. 

The Gish fund 

Catholic Worker House, a 
homeless shelter in San 
Antonio, Texas, needed 
money to buy milk for the 
babies in its care. So Brethren 
Volunteer Service worker 
Joel Gish took to the streets 
with his flute, a sign, and a 
silver pan. 

He picked a spot where 
lots of tourist pass ... in 
front of the Alamo. Hardly 
had he begun playing before 
a park ranger cited him for 
"soliciting in a city park 
without a permit." 

In court, Joel had a choice: 
Pay a $35 fine or risk going 
before a judge and paying 
$500. Standing on principle, 
the BVSer refused to pay the 

"My action wasn't endan- 
gering anyone," Joel rea- 
soned. "A law that prohibits 
begging is unjust. Some of 
the homeless have to do this 
to survive. Human needs 
should go before the conve- 
nience of the public." 

A member of New 
Covenant Fellowship, in 
Athens, Ohio, Joel says that 
his Brethren background 
aided in the formation of his 
strong principles. "Especially 
in my year of BVS, my 
actions are geared toward 
serving others, and I wanted 
to stand on that." 

The trial effectively called 
attention to the plight of San 
Antonio's homeless. Major 
newspapers carried stories. 
Said Joel, "I was flooded 
with phone calls from people 
asking how they could help. 
Most of them had no idea that 
the shelter was in need. 
Sometimes we have to shock 
people in order to make them 

take notice." 

Arguing that his soliciting 
for donations fell under the 
freedom of speech right, Joel 
won an acquital. He contin- 

BVSer Joel Gish will remem- 
ber the Alamo. That's where 
he took his stand to raise 
money to feed the poor. 

ued his playing ... not at the 
Alamo, but in front of a 
Woolworth store. "It had 
much better acoustics." 

Publicity helps, Joel 
discovered. "It was really 
gratifying to see the smiles 
when people on the street 
recognized me from the 
press coverage." 

Maybe a new slogan for 
San Antonio: "Remember the 
Alamo: Give to the 'Gish 
Fund' "? — Suellen Shively 

From cow barn to pulpit 

"I came from the cow barn 
to the pulpit," says Gerald 
Klaus, pastor of Antelope 
Valley Church of the Breth- 
ren, near Billings, Okla. 
While Gerald was in a 
dairying partnership in Iowa, 
he and his wife, Karen, 
conducted a family music 
ministry on weekends. After 

their six children grew up and 
left home, the Klauses were 
open to a new direction for 

Gerald "did a lot of praying 
and singing while riding the 
tractor." But, he adds, "The 
Lord wanted me to take that 
final step in faith. 

"In the spring of 1984, a 
spark flew back from the 
tractor exhaust and hit me on 
the lips. I heard the words 
from Isaiah 6:8, 'Whom shall 
I send, and who will go for 
us?' I answered, 'Here am I; 
send me!' " 

The Brooklyn (Iowa) 
Church of the Brethren heard 
Gerald's first sermon. "I had 
no education for the ministry, 
but Brooklyn called me and 
helped me enroll in Bethany 
Seminary's three-year 
reading program." 

Six years later, the Klauses 
moved to Oklahoma. Ante- 
lope Valley sponsored Gerald 
in the denomination's Educa- 
tion For Shared Ministry 
(EFSM), and he became the 
congregation's pastor. 

Gerald works part-time for 
a building contractor and 

For Karen and Gerald Klaus, 
the setting in Oklahoma is 
different, but their music 
ministry keeps going. 

helps a farmer with planting 
and harvesting. In church, he 
sometimes sings for the 
worship service. Karen sings 
harmony and accompanies 
Gerald on the piano. 

Circumstances force 
Gerald, as pastor, also to be a 
diplomat: When the schools 
that his church youth attend 
compete against each other in 
sports, he sits on one side for 
the first half of the game, 
then moves to the other side 
for the second half. 

And he doesn't stay far 
from the cow barn, even yet. 
Says Gerald, "Since all of the 
Antelope Valley teenagers 
show cattle, I watch from the 
bleachers and work in the 
barns with them at fair 
time." — Irene S. Reynolds 

Irene S. Reynolds is a freelance 
writer from Lawrence. Kan. 

Names in the news 

Donald F. Durnbaugh, 

professor of religion and 
history at Elizabethtown 
College, has authored an 
essay on Peter Becker, first 
minister of the Church of the 
Brethren in North America. 
The essay was included in a 
German volume titled 
Chronik Dudelsheim 792- 
7992, narrating the 1,200- 
year history of a village in the 
Marienborn area near 
Frankfurt, Germany. 

• Dana Statler, a licensed 
minister in the Chambersburg 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren 
and a Messiah College 
student, was appointed as one 
of two student representatives 
to the Advisory Council for 
the Board of Pennsylvania 
Campus Compact (a national 

coalition of college and 
university presidents helping 
students participate in public 
service projects). 

• General Board chairman 
David Wine, of Buckeye 
Church of the Brethren, near 
Abilene, Kan., has been 

Buckeye 's David Wine: First 
he 's General Board chair- 
man; next he 's president of 
Mutual Aid Association. 

named president and general 
manager of Mutual Aid 
Association. He has been 
with MAA since 1975. 


Nelson T. Huffman, 90, 

died February 14, in Bridge- 
water, Va. He was professor 
of music at Bridgewater 
College 1925-1965. He 
organized the Rockingham 
Male Chorus in 1966 and 
directed it until 1987. He also 
led singing at numerous 
Annual Conferences. 

• Hylton Harman, 82, 
died February 10, in Kansas 
City, Kan. A long-time 
pastor, lawyer, and peace 
activist, he was a member of 
the denomination's General 
Board in the 1950s. 


That volunteer spirit 

The New Windsor (Md.) 
Service Center has so many 
participants in Program 
Volunteer Service that it has 
to honor them in groups. 

During 1991, 101 resident 
volunteers, 47 day volunteers, 
and 2,182 volunteers from 
work groups contributed 
52,087 hours of service. 

Folks interested in Program 
Volunteer Service at New 
Windsor should call coordi- 
nator Phyllis Howard at (410) 

Program Volunteer Service 
provides short-term opportu- 
nities for folks who, for 
whatever reason, don't see 
their way clear to enter 
longer-term Brethren 
Volunteer Service. 

New Windsor Volunteers: Front row: Jim Adams, Ruth 
Adams, Joanne Dibert, Tom Dibert, Mary Elizabeth Wieand, 
DeEtte Ballantyne. Second row: Scott Custer, Barb Savler, 
Marcile Becker, Charlotte McKay, Olive Roop, Mary Montel. 
Third row: Agnes Willoughby, Tim Dellett-Wion, Cindi 
Dellett-Wion, Gerry Graybill, Roger Roop. Fourth row: Bob 
Willoughby, Hazel Peters, Angela Wallick, Thelma Scott, 
Harold Jennings, Marilynn Rice, Millie Grove, Walter Shold, 
Thelma Plum. Fifth row: Angela Bulpit, Ken McDowell, 
Edythe McDowell, Jim Grove. Back row: David Bulpit, Harry 
Graybill, Paul Kidder, John Fourman, Mary Fourman. 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to ' 'Close to Home, ' ' Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

This and that 

Morrisons Cove Home, 

Martinsburg, Pa., broke 
ground in March for 
"Morrisons Cove Court," a 
25-unit apartment building. 
• Hillcrest School, Jos, 

Nigeria, is celebrating its 
50th anniversary. First princi- 
pal was Mary Dadisman, now 
a retired Nigeria missionary 
and a member of La Verne 
(Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren. Hillcrest is capping 
its celebration with its 1992 

graduation June 5. 

• Camp Shiloh, near 
Stanardsville, Va., has been 
sold for $371,520. The camp 
has been superseded by the 
new Shepherd Spring 
Camp, near Hagerstown, 
Md. (See June 1991, "Noth- 
ing Rustic Here," page 4.) 

• Wall hangings represent- 
ing Virlina and Shenandoah 
are being created by the two 
districts hosting Annual 
Conference this summer. 
Each congregation of the two 
districts was asked to contri- 
bute a piece of fabric. Check 
the hospitality center at 
Conference to see what they 
come up with. 

• Beaver Creek Church of 
the Brethren, near Floyd, Va. 
won first prize in the 1991 
Floyd Christmas Parade. It 
won $100 for its model of the 
old 1900 Beaver Creek 

• Virlina District's youth 
cabinet recently held its 
second annual "Home- 
lessness Work Day/Retreat" 
for youth and advisors. The 
event took place at Central 
Church of the Brethren, in 
Roanoke, Va. 

• Southern Pennsylvania 
District is holding a "Dutch 
Festival" May 23, at the 
Carlisle (Pa.) Church of the 

Brethren. The goal for the 
event is $10,000, to fund 
new-church development. 

• Marion (Ind.) Church of 
the Brethren is holding a 
"Fun Day" May 16. Food and 

4 Messenser Mav 1992 

crafts booths, entertainment, 
an auction, and a volleyball 
tournament are planned. 
Profits from all the fun are 
for a serious purpose — easing 
Marion* s financial burden. 

Banner churches 

A number of Virlina District 

congregations will gather 
Sunday, June 28, to celebrate 
the sesquicentenary of the old 
Botetourt congregation, 
which, while no longer in 
existence itself, lives on in 
the congregations it parented. 
(See "History Behind a 
Cornerstone," page 21.) 

For the 1987 district meet- 
ing, Sarah Ann Bowman, a 
member of Antioch Church 
of the Brethren, near 
Callaway, Va., created a 
colorful banner depicting the 
spin-off of congregations 
from Botetourt. Watch for it 
at Annual Conference. 

Sarah Ann 
Bowman 's banner 
shows how the old 
Botetourt congrega- 
tion parented many 
other congregations 
of the area. A 1907 
Gospel Messenger 
article describes the 
Botetourt congrega- 
tion as having 21 
preaching places, 13 
of which were 
mission points under 
the care of a 

A butterfly banner honors a beloved Brethren hymn. 

A 50-year movement 

For a 1991 Pentecost project, 
the children of Somerset 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren 
created a heritage banner on 
the theme of "Move in our 

The banner also celebrated 
the 50th anniversary of 
Kenneth I. Morse's beloved 
hymn of the same name, 
written in 1941 at Western 
Pennsylvania District's Camp 

The hymn writer and 
former MESSENGER editor, 
who lives at Timbercrest 

Home, in North Manchester, 
Ind., turns 79 on May 30. 

Reports Somerset 
children's director Kathie 
Shaffer, "It was thrilling to 
help 41 children attach their 
butterflies, each one unique, 
to our huge banner on Pente- 
cost Sunday. As the congre- 
gation sang "Move in our 
Midst," everyone felt the joy 
and power of God's gift — the 
Holy Spirit." 

Campus Comments 

The 1991 edition of Ripples, 
the Bridgewater College 

yearbook, received a first- 
place award from the 
American Scholastic Press 
Association. This is the 
second year in a row the 
yearbook has taken this 
honor. The yearbook editor 
was Cory Adamson, now 
completing his first year at 
Johns Hopkins School of 
Medicine. (See June 1991, 
page 5, for another Adamson 

• The University of La 
Verne's Neville Marzell was 
given the 1991 Inventor of 
the Year award by NASA 
(National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration). 
Marzell teaches graduate 
students in the university's 

MBA program. 

• On the dean's list at 
Manchester College for the 

1991 fall term, 35 of the 109 
students were Church of the 
Brethren. Brethren students 
comprise 1 8 percent of the 
Manchester student body. 

• Bridgewater College 
celebrated a century of 
training church leaders when 
it hosted its annual "Spiritual 
Life Institute" in March. The 
institute began in 1892 as the 
college's "Bible Term." 
Grady Snyder, professor of 
New Testament at Chicago 
Theological Seminary and a 
member of Chicago (111.) 
First Church of the Brethren, 
gave the centennial address, 
"When the Waters Stand 

Let's celebrate 

Dry Run (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren dedicated its new 
facility April 12. Ridge 
Church of the Brethren, Ship- 
pensburg, Pa., donated an 
organ for the new building. 

• Upper Conewago 
Church of the Brethren, near 
East Berlin, Pa., is celebrat- 
ing its 250th anniversary with 
a 237-page, hardback history, 
Brethren Along the Big 

• Castine Church of the 
Brethren, West Manchester, 
Ohio, has broken ground for 
a 17,090-square-foot wor- 
ship, fellowship, and educa- 
tional facility. 

• Christ Our Shepherd 
fellowship, Indianapolis, Ind., 
dedicates it new building 
May 3, with World Ministries 
Commission executive Joan 
Deeter as the speaker. 

Mav 1992 Messenger 5 

Structure recommendations 
get General Board response 

Annual Conference recommendations on 
denominational structure were discussed 
at General Board meetings March 6-10. 
The Board also recognized emerging 
work in Brazil and passed resolutions on 
health care, Cuba, the ozone layer, and 
recycled paper. 


In a closed, day-long retreat before 
open meetings began, the Board re- 
sponded to the Annual Conference paper 
on denominational structure. 

Responses included recommendations 
encouraging openness about the diversi- 
ty of views on mission and evangelism, 
volunteer service in all areas of Christian 
witness, cross-commission cooperation, 
input from minority Brethren, intentional 
follow-up on recommendations from An- 
nual Conference, and better communica- 
tion between staff and church members. 

The Board affirmed the number of 
staff for the current program and "the 
value of ecumenical involvement," but 
also said staff positions should be filled 
by volunteers whenever possible, and the 
multiplicity of ecumenical involvements 
should be studied carefully. 


The Board has asked Annual Confer- 
ence to recognize "emerging work in 
Brazil" after receiving a report of a 
young Anabaptist congregation — the 
Christian Pacifist Community, or Tunker 
church — that is in the process of incor- 
porating in Brazil as the Church of the 
Brethren and has asked to be included in 
the denomination. 

Latin America representative Yvonne 
Dilling presented the request to the 
Board. She and Bethany Seminary pro- 
fessor Dale Brown visited Brazil in 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church of the Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not nec- 
essarily represent the opinions of Messenger or the 
Church of the Brethren. 

A worship center for General Board 
meetings in Elgin, III., in March re- 
flected the theme "A New Heart and a 
New Spirit" (Ezekiel 36:26-28). 

January and found that church members 
"express their faith with ease and were 
unashamed about their (Anabaptist) be- 
liefs," Dilling said. 

"It's tremendously impressive that 
they are a New Testament church" — a 
church of the poor and by the poor, 
Brown told the Board. The church prac- 
tices Matthew 18, Dilling said, and bap- 
tismal vows include a vow of pacifism. 

In an impassioned speech. Brown de- 
fended the congregation's openness to 
people outside the mainstream of socie- 
ty, responding to concern about open- 
ness to gays and lesbians. The Brazilian 
church is not a "gay church," he said, 
but openness is part of its ministry with 
social outcasts. 


"The development of systemic reform 
in health care requires the witness of the 
church," said Washington representative 
Tim McElwee, presenting a "Resolution 
on Health Care in the United States." 
The resolution reaffirms a 1989 Confer- 
ence statement and supports the Inter- 
religious Health Care Access Campaign 
to promote a national health care plan. 

Brethren are urged to assess and ad- 

dress health care problems in their con- 
gregations and communities and to com- 
municate with elected officials about 
health care concerns. 

The Board's "Resolution on Humani- 
tarian Aid to Cuba" reaffirmed the 1985 
Conference "Resolution on Normalizing 
Relations with Cuba" and committed the: 
Board to join Church World Service re- 
lief efforts. The Board will petition for ai 
license for shipments of aid to Cuba and 
will explore alternative means of re- 
sponding to needs there. Cuba has suf- 
fered a 3 1 -year embargo initiated by the 
United States. 

Destruction of the ozone layer was the* 


Outdoor Ministries Association regional 
training event: "Adventure Activities in 
Camp" at Camp Eder in Fairfield Pa., 
May 29-3 1 [contact Nancy Knepper, P.O. 
Box 74, Gotha, FL 34734, (407) 293- 

Peacemaker delegation to holy lands, in- 
cluding a five-day walk for peace and six 
days of educational meetings and non- 
violence training in Palestine and Israel, 
May 30-June 12 [contact Christian Peace- 
maker Teams, 1821 W. Cullerton, Chica- 
go, IL 60608, (312) 421-5513, fax (312) 

Hillcrest School 50th anniversary celebra- 
tion, at Hillcrest School, Jos, Nigeria, 
May 31 -June 5 [contact Ward Nicholson, 
Principal. Hillcrest School, Box 652, Jos, 

1992 Alpine Wilderness Hikes led by Mar- 
vin Thill on Mount Rainier's Wonderland 
Trail, Aug. 8-14; and in the Stuart Range 
of the Alpine Lake Wilderness in central 
Washington, Aug. 17-22 [contact Out- 
door Ministries Office, P.O. Box 74, 
Gotha, FL 34734]. 

General Board Learning Tour to South 
Africa, led by Barbara Cuffie and Joan 
Gerig, Sept. 12-27 [contact Africa & 
Middle East Office at (800) 323-8039]. 

North American Conference on Christian 
Philanthropy, featuring author and par- 
ish consultant Lyle E. Schaller, in Kansas 
City, Mo., Sept. 14-17 [contact Brethren 
Foundation, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 
60120, (800) 323-8039], 

ibject of a resolution supporting phase- 
it of the production of ozone-destroy- 
g chemicals by 1995. The resolution 
ipported the United Nations Confer- 
lce on Environment and Development 
its effort to write an Earth Charter. 
The Board urged Brethren to strive to 
iminate the use of ozone-depleting 
llorofluorocarbons (CFCs), reduce the 
>e of air-conditioning and recycle CFCs 
om air conditioners and refrigerators, 
id continue searching for an environ- 
entally friendly lifestyle. 
In a "Resolution on Recycled Paper," 
le Board committed itself and urged 
rethren to "reduce our use of paper." 
he resolution recommends the use of 
Jcycled paper that meets certain stand- 
ds, among other measures. Board staff 
iere also given instructions on the use 
['recycled paper. 
Retirement facility 
] Approval was given for a retirement 
.icility to be built on the campus of the 
ew Windsor (Md.) Service Center and 
>r a General Board loan to the project. 
The plan came from an ad hoc com- 
littee including presenter Miller Davis, 
.ho heads center operations. A three- 
ory building will be erected with 30 
iving units including one- and two-bed- 
•)om apartments. 

In debate, questions were raised about 
le price of the apartments, which begins 
! $70,500. Others asked about the valid- 
ly of using New Windsor property for a 
drement community and using Board 
\oney for the loan. 

Most Board members, however, were 
hthusiastic in affirming the plan, which 
as presented as an opportunity for re- 
red people who may wish to be in- 
olved in Service Center programs. 
In other business 

The Board ratified the appointment of 
sarish Ministries Commission executive 
)an Deeter as executive for the World 
Ministries Commission, as of May 1 . 
oseph Mason, interim WMC executive, 
as appointed interim PMC executive, 
he action prompted staff discussions of 
iie process for filling the position. 
: The Board acted on financial matters 
rid set a budget parameter for 1993 of 
j6,496,000. A pre-audit report for the 

fiscal year 1991 showed a balanced 
budget, and stewardship reports showed 
that giving and earnings for general 
programs have increased 10.72 percent 
in 1991 over 1990. However, congrega- 
tional giving was down approximately 
two percent. The Brethren Vision for the 
'90s fundraising drive has received com- 
mitments of over $2.1 million toward a 
$6,725 million goal for cash gifts. 

The Board also affirmed the process 
leading to a new plan for evangelism, 
"People Matter to God"; ratified an 
amended supplement to its pension plan; 
and approved changes in its bylaws to 
bring them up to date. 

Work in the south of Sudan 
continues despite turmoil 

"It's a special challenge for Brethren 
to be working in an area where mili- 
tary strategy and victories play such a 
prominent role in church work," Gen- 
eral Board Africa staff Mervin Keen- 
ey said of his March trip to Sudan. 

Three Brethren relief workers, 
Ammon (Jiggs) and Violet Miller of 
Lake Odessa, Mich., and Grant Ver- 
beck of North Manchester, Ind., be- 
gan three months of work in southern 
Sudan in March. They were requested 
by the New Sudan Council of 
Churches to refurbish buildings that 
were looted during the decade-long 
civil war in southern Sudan. 

Although the fighting continues in 
parts of southern Sudan, Keeney felt 
confident following his visit that local 
church and community leaders would 
alert overseas staff Roger and Caro- 
lyn Schrock to potential danger. 
Roger has served as executive secre- 
tary of the New Sudan Council of 
Churches since last September. Caro- 
lyn is staff for interpretation and com- 

"Brethren can be proud that we 
have people like the Schrocks (in Su- 
dan), who love the country and have 
so many skills to offer there," said 

WMC voted not to incorporate the Co- 
operative Disaster Child Care Program 
and affirmed the need for medical 
coverage to overseas personnel for in- 
juries received as a result of acts of war. 

PMC changed terminology for com- 
mission members acting as "liaisons" to 
groups appointed by the commission for 
specific tasks, to be called "representa- 
tives"; and decided to appoint a Black 
Advisory Committee in response to Con- 
ference recommendations on Brethren 
and Black Americans. 

The General Services Commission re- 
appointed Carolyn Teach Denlinger to 
the Historical Committee. 

Carolyn Schrock (left) watches as the 
headmistress of a girls' school 
inspects a stove built with help from 
the New Sudan Council of Churches. 

"They are a special gift that the 
Brethren can offer the growing 
church in this difficult setting." 

Keeney explored other ways that 
Brethren can be involved in support 
of the council's efforts. There have 
been requests from Sudan for teachers 
to assist with theological education 
and for volunteers to teach in a girls' 

Deeter named executive 
for World Ministries 

Joan George Deeter. Parish Ministries 
Commission executive, begins May 1 as 
executive for the World Ministries Com- 
mission. The appointment was an- 
nounced by the General Board in March. 

Deeter follows Joseph Mason in the 
position. Mason was named interim 
executive in September 1991, and will 
now serve as the interim PMC executive. 

A graduate of Manchester College and 
Northwestern University in Chicago, 111., 
Deeter earned a master of divinity de- 
gree from Bethany Theological Semi- 
nary, where she later served two years as 
an adjunct faculty member. 

Previously. Deeter was executive dir- 
ector of the Mental Health Association, 
Wabash County, Ind., and served as the 
pastor of the West Manchester Church of 
the Brethren, North Manchester, Ind. 

Deeter's international experience in- 
cludes two years in Marburg, Germany, 
assisting with the Brethren Colleges 
Abroad program there. She has also trav- 
eled extensively in Europe. Asia, and 
South America. 

Deeter hopes to increase awareness 
and support of the work of the World 
Ministries Commission at the congrega- 
tional level. "Brethren work around the 
world has always been an important part 
of who we are as a church," she said. 

Joan George Deeter 

A dozen Brethren from across the country met in Elgin, III., February 16 to talk i\ 
about responses to the Annual Conference paper on Brethren and Black Americans. ■ I 
Participants were (from left) Douglas Powell, of Philadelphia, Pa.; William Hayes, 
pastor of the Baltimore (Md.) First Church of the Brethren; Stafford Frederick, pastor i 
of the Olathe (Kan.) Church of the Brethren; General Board member Barbara Cuffie; 
Annual Conference moderator Phyllis Carter; Clinton Benton, pastor of Imperial 
Heights Church of the Brethren, in Los Angeles, Calif.; Annie Crump, of Chicago, 
111.; Samuel Ellis, pastor of the Wakefield Chapel Fellowship, in Hopewell, Va.; 
Richard Speicher, chairman of the Committee on Interchurch Relations; general 
secretary Donald Miller; Richard Kyerematen, pastor of the Germantown Church of 
the Brethren, in Philadelphia, Pa.; and General Board treasurer Darryl Deardorff. 

The Brethren Church joins 
Passing on the Promise 

The Brethren Church has joined in the 
Church of the Brethren Passing on the 
Promise program, endorsing it for use 
beginning with pilot congregations in 
1992 and denomination-wide in 1993. 

Brethren Church groups will also 
participate in and endorse the Church of 
the Brethren Evangelism Leaders 

"I consider our partnership with The 
Brethren Church to be an historic occa- 
sion," said Church of the Brethren evan- 
gelism staff Paul Mundey. "I am particu- 
larly excited about the practical platform 
it provides for mutual learnings." 

District, Board, Benefit Trust 
announce staff changes 

James Emery Miller begins in June as 
Shenandoah District executive. He 
served as Shenandoah associate execu- 
tive 1977-1981. Since 1985, he has 
served as Northern Plains executive. 

Joseph Mason has been named inter- 
im executive of the Parish Ministries 

Commission effective May 1 . He has 
served as the interim World Ministries 
executive since September 1991. 

Marilyn Nelson began March 2 as 
director of interpretation for the Brethrei 
Benefit Trust. Since July 1991, she has 
been employed with BBT and the Asso- 
ciation of Brethren Caregivers as secre- 
tary to the director of interpretation. She 
worked for several years as support staff 
and editorial assistant in the Parish 
Ministries Commission. 

Elizabeth Jamsa has resigned as dir- 
ector of interpretation for the Brethren 
Benefit Trust and 
the Association of 
Brethren Caregiv- 
ers. She has been 
employed with 
BBT since 1984 
and with ABC 
since 1990. 

Elizabeth Jamsa 

James Miller 

8 Messenger Mav 1992 

lirst congressional hearing 
:»t for US Peace Tax Fund 

'. oposed legislation for a Peace Tax 
ind is scheduled for a first hearing this 
! ring by the House Ways and Means 
ibcommittee on Select Revenue 

The bill will give war-tax resisters "an 
>portunity to satisfy both their con- 
iences and their obligations" said co- 
onsor and Ways and Means member 
tidy Jacobs (D-Ind.), in a letter circu- 
ted on Capitol Hill. The bill will allow 
isisters to direct taxes to social pro- 
rams, in place of military uses. 

irethren give $45,000 
)r relief, education 

. grant of $20,000 has been given from 
le Emergency Disaster Fund in re- 
Donse to a need for medicine in Cuba. 
Due to the collapse of the Soviet 
inion and the continuing embargo and 
;olation of Cuba, there is a great need 
pr drugs and medicines, particularly 
mong children and the elderly, 
i An allocation of $5,000 from the dis- 
ster fund was made for El Salvador to 

'Colorful World' is one of two new 

television spots produced by the Menno- 
nites and the Brethren that will be aired 
by networks including ABC and VISN. 
ABC is committed to air 'Colorful 
World' once or twice a week from four 
to six months, including on "Good 
Morning America." As of mid-March, 
CBS was also considering using the 
spots. Tapes are available for promotion 
of the spots at local TV stations. Contact 
Howard Royer, (800) 323-8039. 

assist with the repatriation of Salvador- 
ans from Honduras. Consideration is also 
being given to sending a volunteer from 
the Church of the Brethren to El Salva- 
dor to help with the repatriation. 

The Global Food Crisis Fund has allo- 
cated up to $20,000 for educational and 
promotional purposes. The money will 
pay for an updated "hunger packet" and 
other advertising for the fund. 

Korean Brethren leaders 
meet, study the church 

Eleven US Korean pastors and evange- 
lists, including leaders of Brethren con- 
gregations and of churches seeking 
Brethren membership, met March 4-7 to 
study Brethren heritage and teachings 
and to discuss issues of common interest. 

Staff for Korea David Radcliff said the 
event is part of an ongoing effort to in- 
volve Korean Brethren in the life of the 
church and to make Brethren leaders 
aware of their perspective. They held 
sessions with staff at Bethany Seminary 
and with General Board staff and attend- 
ed the beginning of Board meeting. 

The group of Korean Brethren is ex- 
panding, Radcliff said. Those who at- 
tended were James Bak, Lynnwood, 
Wash.; In Du Chae, Pomona, Calif.; Ry- 
ung Chun and David Shim, Brooklyn, 
N.Y.; Joon Su Gang, Granada Hills, 
Calif.; Ben Huh and Ok Keun Yu, Los 
Angeles, Calif.; Shin II Jo, Jenkintown, 
Pa.; Dan Kim, Calabasas, Calif.; Frank 
Kwan, Garden Grove, Calif.; and Yung 
Sun Min, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Issues included the name of the de- 
nomination — difficult to use in a literal 
translation in Korean — and the process 
for joining the church, Radcliff said. 

leifer Project International returns to Poland after more than 40 
ears at the request of the Catholic church, the Ecumenical Council of 
'oland, and Rural Solidarity. Poland was the recipient of Heifer Proj- 
ct livestock 1946-48, as HPI helped restock European dairy herds 
nd provide draff horses for farm families. 

An ecumenical baptismal certificate has been devei- 
ped by the Christian Conference of Connecticut, which has Protes- 
int, Catholic, and Orthodox member churches. Interest has been 
xpressed by a number of churches throughout the US who see the 
ertificate as a symbol of unity and interchurch cooperation. 

Belief in biblical literalism is held by 32 percent of people 
1 the US— a new low, according to the Princeton Religious Research 
tenter. The poll shows that the most prevalent US view is that the 
iible is inspired by God, but contains passages that need not be 
iterpreted literally. 

Three black congregations are the fastest growing Protest- 
ant churches in the US, according to a church growth survey. The 
World Changers ministry in College Park, Ga., was the fastest 
growing church in the country, gaining 3,250 members in 1991. The 
congregation is an independent charismatic church. 

Books Of the Bible have been translated into 1 ,978 lan- 
guages, representing an increase of 32 languages, according to a new 
report by the United Bible Societies. More than 80 percent of the 
world's people now have access to a portion of the Bible in a lan- 
guage they can understand, says the American Bible Society. 

Amnesty International has begun a program, "Voices for 
Freedom," designed to coordinate action of local religious communi- 
ties by enrolling them in a new human rights network. Member groups 
will receive an "Action Pac" every three months containing action and 
educational materials. 

Mav 1992 Messenger 9 


From June 30-July 5, 
Brethren will experi- 
ence the southern 
hospitality of Rich- 
mond, Va. — symbol- 
ized by the traditional 
pineapple — in an inspirational week of 
worship, work, and reunion. 

Business sessions and worship will be 
held in the Richmond Coliseum, and the 
adjacent Richmond Centre and Marriott 
Hotel will house exhibits and insight 
sessions. The theme is "Forward . . . 
Seeking the Mind of Christ." Business 
will be moderated by Phyllis Carter, 
pastor of the Goshen (Ind.) City Church 
of the Brethren. 

Repeat conferencegoers are ac- 
quainted with the regular array of 
offerings — exhibits, the quilt auction 
that benefits hunger causes, the blood 
drive, late-night insight sessions. New 
events and other highlights are presented 
in this preview of the Richmond Annual 
Conference. For more information, see 
the Conference packets distributed to 
each congregation or contact the Annual 
Conference Office at 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin, IL 60120; (800) 323-8039. 

Quick Conference news 

From June 28-July 5, Newsline, a 
Church of the Brethren telephone 
news service, will feature daily 
updates on Annual Conference 

Newsline currently provides 
weekly updates on Brethren news, 
with new messages posted Thurs- 
day mornings. Newsline's three- 
minute recorded message can be 
reached 24 hours a day, seven days 
a week. Call (410) 635-8738. 


Tuesday evening: Preacher: Phyllis 
Carter, Annual Conference moderator. 
Topic: "Forward . . . Seeking the Mind 
of Christ." 

Wednesday evening: Preacher: 
Kreston Lipscomb, pastor of the Spring- 
field (111.) Church of the Brethren. 
Topic: "I Confess to You, My Friends." 

Thursday evening: Preacher: Paul 
Mundey, General Board staff for evan- 
gelism. Topic: "The Way Up Is Down." 

Friday evening: Preacher: Cynthia 
Hale, pastor of the Ray of Hope Chris- 
tian Church and a prominent speaker in 
the evangelism field. Topic: "Take This 
Cup From Me." 


•%?Mind 0< 

Saturday evening: Preachers: Ashley 
Bair and Tamara Hart (see accompany- 
ing box). 

Sunday morning: Preacher: Earle W. 
Fike Jr., retired pastor of Stone Church 
of the Brethren in Huntingdon, Pa. Top- 
ic: "Can We Press on and Hold Fast?" 

Pre-conference meetings 

A conference on "The Church's Chal- 
lenge in Health" begins Monday at 7 
p.m. and ends Tuesday at 4 p.m. and fea- 
tures Thomas A. Droege, professor of 
theology at Valparaiso University and an 
expert in the field of theology, medicine, 
and pastoral care and counseling, and 
Edwin B. Hutchins, Health Risk Ap- 
praisal director for the Carter Center of 

Welcome to the South! 

The pineapple has been a symbol 
for southern hospitality since colo 
nial times. In Williamsburg you 
may find it as an architectural mo-i 
tif above doorways and atop cupo- 
las. You may see it incorporated ii 
lace designs or embroidered on 
fine pillowcases. It may be in the 
dinner table centerpiece for a fes- 
tive meal. Wherever you encounte 
the pineapple in Richmond, know 
that Dixie welcomes the Dunkers. 

Emory University. The event is spon- 
sored by the Association of Brethren 

Beginning at 4 p.m. on Tuesday, A 
is also holding a Family Health Fair t 
"celebrate the reunion of the Brethrer 
family." Entertainment and a picnic s 
per will be provided, along with displ 
featuring ABC programs. 

The Ministry of Reconciliation, 
through the On Earth Peace Assembl) 
offering a workshop on "The Kingian 
Philosophy of Nonviolence," beginnii 
on Monday at 8:30 a.m. and ending oi 
Tuesday at 4:30 p.m. 

The General Board's evangelism 
office will host an introduction to the 
Board's new evangelism plan "People 
Matter to God" on Monday at 3 p.m. 

Revitalization of worship in the 
denomination is the theme of the 
Ministers' Association meeting, 7 p.m 
Monday through 3 p.m. Tuesday. 

Herb Miller, executive director of tl 
National Evangelistic Association, wil 
lead a new church development work- 
shop on "Effective Ways to Welcome 
New People into the Church," Monda; 
8:30 a.m.^4 p.m. 

The National Young Adult Steering 

10 Messenger May 1992 

Annual Conference preview by Suellen Shively 

Ipmmittee is sponsoring a workshop on 
Hiesday morning titled "Issues for the 
[tqurch and Our Responses." Discussion 
fcders include Charles Boyer, Donald 
filler, Christine Michael, Merle Crouse, 
■el Kline, and Joan Deeter. 

uring the week 

able Studies: Electives, Wednesday 
irough Saturday, 7:30-8:30 a.m. 

Committee Hearings: Tuesday 9-10 
Jm.: Ethics in Ministry, Global Church 
iructure/Polity, Pastoral Compensation 
hd Benefits Advisory Committee. 
I Insight sessions: Wednesday through 
Kday, 9-10 p.m. 

i General Board Live Report: Thurs- 
ay morning. 

Age-group activities: A variety of 
(/ents are planned for single adults (age 
and older) and young adults (ages 18- 

Area church services 

Two Church of the Brethren con- 
gregations are available for people 
arriving early to the Richmond 
area who wish to attend church 
services on the Sunday before 
Conference begins. 

Services at the West Richmond 
Church of the Brethren begin with 
Sunday school at 9:45 a.m., fol- 
lowed by worship at 1 1 a.m. The 
church is located at 7612 Wany- 
mala Road. For more information, 
call (804) 288-6439. 

The Chesterfield Fellowship 
holds a "discovery hour" at 9 a.m., 
with worship at 10 a.m. Services 
are held in the Ginter Hall South 
building at 1 1300 Mall Drive 
Court in Midlothian, Va., (804) 

5. Joan Hershey 

Phyllis K. Ruff 

Fred Swart: 

Earl Ziegler 

35). Senior highs (grades 9-12), junior 
highs (grades 6-8), and children (K-5th 
grade) also have special activities. Child 
care is available for infants through age 
5 during business sessions and worship. 

Meal events 

Breakfasts: Tickets are $7.25. Thurs- 
day: Brethren Press. Friday: Evangelical 
Leaders, People of the Covenant, Wash- 
ington Office Network. Saturday: On 
Earth Peace Assembly, Brethren Witness 
in Puerto Rico 50th Anniversary. 

Luncheons: Tickets are $9. Tuesday: 
ABC Business, Ministers' Association 
(sack lunch $6.50). Wednesday: Breth- 
ren Caregivers Recognition, Ecumenical, 
Outdoor Ministries Association, Program 
for Women. Thursday: Disaster Child 
Care, CoBACE, Association for the Arts 
lunch and tour of the Virginia Museum 
of Fine Arts and several historical 
churches (a limited number of tickets are 
available in advance from the Annual 
Conference office for $12.50), Brethren 
Journal Association, Pastors' Spouses 
(sack lunch $6.50), Older Adult, HIV/ 
AIDS Ministry Network. Friday: Church 
and Persons with Disabilities, Womaen's 
Caucus, Passing on the Promise, Con- 
gregational Deacons, Urban Ministries, 
Youth Ministry, Association for the Arts, 
Brethren Volunteer Service (sack lunch 
$6.50). Saturday: Bridgewater College, 
Elizabethtown College, Juniata College, 
University of La Verne, Manchester 
College, McPherson College, Deaf 
Ministry Task Force. Sunday: On Earth 
Peace Assembly (sack lunch $6.50). 

Dinners: Tickets are $10.50. Sunday: 
Brethren Homes Fellowship. Wednes- 

day: Church Growth and Evangelism. 
Thursday: MESSENGER. Friday: World 
Ministries, Higher Education. Saturday: 
Hispanic Ministries. 


Early evening concerts: Wednesday 
through Saturday, 6-6:45 p.m. Wednes- 
day: Jim Huskins and "The Tennessee 
Rangers" bluegrass group. Thursday: 
The Second Stage Players from the Lin- 
ville Creek Church of the Brethren in 
Broadway, Va., featuring a drama on the 
life of John Kline. Friday: The Bridge- 
water College Chorale, directed by Jesse 
Hopkins. Saturday: Western Pennsyl- 
vania District youth choir. 

The Conference Choir will be dir- 
ected by Jesse Hopkins, of Bridgewater, 
Va. To sign up, send $8 for a music pac- 
ket to the Conference office. 

The handbell choir will be directed 
by Charlene Good. To sign up, write to 
her at 21 Tritle Ave., Apt. G, Waynes- 
boro, PA 17268. 

Candidates for moderator-elect 

S. Joan Hershey Mount Joy, Pa., (At- 
lantic Northeast) Florin congregation. 
Age 53. Homemaker. Local church mod- 
erator; church board chair; ministry 
commission chair; deacon board; church 
school teacher. District board commis- 
sion chair; church development. General 
Board chair; commission chair; New 
Church Development committee; Ko- 
rean Discernment Committee. Passing 
on the Promise coordinator. 

Phyllis Kingery Ruff Omaha, Neb., 
(Northern Plains) Peace congregation. 
Age 58. Educator/volunteer. Local 

Mav 1992 Messenger 11 


church moderator; church board chair; 
commission chair; executive committee; 
Goals for the 90s co-chair. District board 
chair; commissions; study committee. 
Annual Conference Standing Commit- 
tee; nominating committee; study 
committee; former Annual Conference 

Fred Swartz Manassas, Va., (Mid- 
Atlantic) Manassas congregation. Age 
53. Pastor. District board chair; camp 
counselor; church extension; steward- 
ship committee; college relations 
committee. Annual Conference study 
committee; Standing Committee. Former 
General Board staff, communications 
editor. Author. Local ministerium 
association chair. 

Earl K. Ziegler Lancaster. Pa., 
(Atlantic Northeast) Lampeter congrega- 
tion. Age 62. Pastor. Local church 
moderator. District moderator; board 
chair; former district executive; writing 
clerk. General Board commission 
chair. Annual Conference Standing 
Committee; study committee. Brethren 
college trustee. 

Bike to Conference 

The On Earth Peace Assembly is 
sponsoring a bike trip to Annual 
Conference for ages 16 and up. 

The two-week trip will begin in 
New Windsor, Md., on June 14, 
and end in Richmond, Va., July 1. 
The group will ride 25-30 miles 
each morning and will spend the 
afternoons learning about peace- 
making. Cyclists are urged to ob- 
tain pledges for the 300-mile trip. 
Funds raised will help support the 
1992 Youth Peace Travel Team. 

12 Messenger Mav 1992 

Youth speakers 

Ashley Bair and Tamara Hart, winners of the 1992 Youth 
Speech Contest, are the speakers for Saturday's worship at 
Annual Conference. 

The winners were selected on the basis of their re- 
sponse to the question, "What is your vision for where the 
Church of the Brethren should be going in the future?" Bair, 
a member of the Hanover (Pa.) congregation will address 
"The Problem With Visions." Hart will speak on "The 
Brethren of Today, the Brethren of Tomorrow." She is a 
member of the Grossnickle Church of the Brethren in 
Myersville, Md. 

The Saturday evening service includes a number of 
youth and is coordinated by Christy Waltersdorff, minister 
of Christian Education for the Westminster (Md.) Church of 
the Brethren. 

Tamara Hart 

Initial 1991 ballot 

Annual Conference secretary. 

(Five-year term. Standing Committee 
selects two candidates.) Paul Brubaker, 
Ephrata, Pa.; Marlin Heckman, La 
Verne, Calif.; Sidney King, Nampa, 
Idaho; Anne M. Myers (the incumbent). 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Annual Conference Program and 
Arrangements Committee. (Three-year 
term. Standing Committee selects two.) 
Tom Deal, Villa Park, 111.; Venona Bom- 
berger Detrick, Loganville, Pa.; D. Eu- 
gene Lichty, McPherson, Kan.; Christy 
Jo Waltersdorff, Westminster, Md. 

General Board district representa- 
tives. (Five-year term, Standing Com- 
mittee selects two from each district.) 
Northern Indiana: Larry A. Cripe, New 
Paris, Ind.; Dorothy Gall, Milford, Ind.; 
Ethel (Schlatter) Klopfenstein, Fort 
Wayne, Ind.; Craig Alan Myers, Colum- 
bia City, Ind. Northern Ohio: Katherine 
A. Hays Hess, Ashland, Ohio; Raymond 
E. Hileman, Ashland, Ohio; Paul Ed- 

ward Myers, Ashland Grove, Ohio; Sue 
Richard, Lima, Ohio. Southeastern: 
Phyllis Home Crain, Tyron, N.C.; Jef- 
frey Parsons, Sparta, N.C.; Steven Pet- 
cher, Citronelle, Ala.; Sammie Kimmer 
Tilson, Jonesboro. Tenn. 

General Board at-large representa- 
tives: (Five-year term. Standing Com- 
mittee selects four.) Debbie (Stocking) 
Beer, Bluffton, Ohio; Arbutus Eash 
Blough, Holsopple, Pa.; Theresa Cocklii 
Eshbach, Thomasville, Pa.; Sue A. (Sap 
penfield) Overman, Morgantown, W. 
Va.; Kathryn (Goering) Reid, Austin, 
Texas; Bonnie Kline Smeltzer, Modesto 
Calif.; Marian Thornton, Kalamazoo, 
Mich.; Josephine Spangler Wampler, 
Lansing, S.C. 

Pastoral Compensation and Benefit! 
Advisory Committee, ministry: 
(Five-year term, Standing Committee 
selects two.) Connie R. Burkholder, 
Kansas City, Kan.; Sandford Chris- 
tophel, Bradford, Ohio; Sylvia Wine 
Eagan, Portland, Ore.; Herman 

International guests 

Participants from three countries 
outside the US plan to attend An- 
nual Conference in Richmond. 

Representing Ekklesiyar 'Yanu- 
wa a Nigeria (the Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria) will be chair- 
man David Malafa, general secre- 
tary John Guli, and treasurer Jesse 

Onaldo Pereira, Divino Onaldo, 
and Derick Rodriguez will attend 
from the Comunidade Pacifista 
Crista congregation of the Igreja 
de Hermandade in Brazil, the Ana- 
baptist church that is part of the 
work seeking affirmation from the 
Church of the Brethren in the US. 

Tentative plans are that board 
chairman Fausto Carrasco will at- 
tend from the Church of the Breth- 
ren in the Dominican Republic. 

Lauffman, Everett, Pa. 

Committee on Interchurch Rela- 
ions: (Three-year term, Standing Com- 
nittee selects two.) John S. Breiden- 
tine, Hummelstown, Pa.; Elizabeth 
Swinger) Petty, Essex, Mo.; Terry Shu- 
naker (incumbent), Stuart's Draft, Va.; 
'andra Wagoner, Oak Brook, 111. 

Brethren Benefit Trust: (Four-year 
erm. Standing Committee selects two.) 
; loy Ditmars Detwiler, Moorefield, W. 
/a.; Robin D. Lahman, North Manches- 
er, Ind.; H. Roger Miller, York, Pa.; 
^nn Gephart Quay (incumbent), La 
/erne, Calif. 

Bethany Theological Seminary 
Electors, ministry: (Five-year term, 
itanding Committee selects two.) Beth 
iollenberger Morphew, Dayton, Ohio; 

Albert Sauls, Ephrata, Pa.; Clyde R. 
Shallenberger (incumbent). Baltimore, 
Md.; Guy Wampler, Lancaster, Pa. 
Bethany Theological Seminary 
Electors, college: (Five-year term, 
Standing Committee selects two.) Carl 
Bowman, Mount Sidney, Va.; Christina 
Bucher, Lancaster, Pa.; Richard 
Harshbarger (incumbent). North 
Manchester, Ind.; Peggy Deal Redman, 
La Verne, Calif. 

New Business 

New business focuses on a variety of is- 
sues including evangelistic outreach and 
the church's position on homosexuality. 

A Southern Ohio query on the need to 
establish a ministry for single adults 
asks for an examination of all programs 
"to determine whether the unique needs 
of singles are being considered." 

Virlina District asks Annual Confer- 
ence to clarify the church's position on 
homosexuality, specifically "as it relates 
to church membership, church leader- 
ship, and ordination of ministers." 

In a call to evangelistic outreach, the 

General Board presents a series of five 
congregational goals to be adopted for 
1993-95. including a 10-percent increase 
in worship and Christian education at- 
tendance and a 10-percent increase in 
new members. 

The General Board also asks Annual 
Conference for affirmation of the 
emerging work in Brazil, in response to 
a request from an Anabaptist church 
forming there. 

Unfinished Business 

Statement on ethics in ministry. In re- 
sponse to the 1 990 query on ethics in 
ministry relations, the Ethics in Ministry 
Study Committee presents a code of 
principles designed for Church of the 
Brethren clergy (see page 14). 

In a report to Standing Committee, the 
Global Church Structure/Polity Com- 
mittee presents a paper responding to 
questions regarding the ordination of 
ministers outside the US and Puerto Rico 
(see page 14). 

New hymnal celebrated 

Introduction of the new hymnal will be a focus of this year's Conference, culmi- 
nating in a jubilee on Saturday afternoon. 

The celebration involves Brethren musical groups and individual musicians, 
as well as congregational singing. Nancy Faus, Conference music coordinator, is 
in charge of the event. 

Performers include the Bittersweet Gospel group from the Bella Vista 
congregation in Los Angeles, Calif., the Prayer and Praise Team from Atlantic 
Northeast District, the girls' choir from the Germantown congregation in 
Philadelphia, Pa., and Terry Houff of Herndon, Va. 

Hymnal: A Worship Book represents the efforts of a cooperative hymnal 
project begun in 1983, including the Church of the Brethren, the General 
Conference Mennonite Church, and the Mennonite Church in North America. It 
is available for purchase during Annual Conference at the specially discounted 
price of $13.50. 

Global Church Structure: We c; 

Out of unusual circumstances, the 
findings of a Standing Committee study 
committee have taken on the appearance 
of a major report to Annual Conference, 
even though the subject of the study is 
not even listed on the 1992 business 

Last year at Portland, there were, on 
Standing Committee's agenda. Special 
Item No. 8: "Request for clarification — 
ordination for ministers not residing in a 
district" and Special Item No. 9: 
"Consideration of the need for structure 
to deal with the global church." Item 8 
stemmed from the issue of ordination for 
ministers in the rapidly growing Church 
of the Brethren work in Dominican 
Republic. The concern in item 9 could 
be traced to the 1 990 Conference call for 
church-planting in Korea after a 40-year 
abstention from direct denominational 
church-planting abroad. 

Standing Committee in Portland 
dealt with the two "special items" by 
adopting a recommendation from the 
Conference officers. As reported by 

Messenger (August/September 1991, 
page 21), "The plan calls for the Annual 
Conference officers, General Board 
representatives, and a selected district to 
work together in the ordination process. 
A committee will study the issue and 
next year propose long-term policies for 
how churches outside the United States 
and Puerto Rico will relate to Annual 
Conference and the denomination." 

A he study committee (appointed by the 
Annual Conference officers) includes 
David Waas, retired Manchester College 
professor (chairman); Mary Jo Flory 
Steury, Troy, Ohio, pastor; Susan Boyer, 
North Manchester, Ind., pastor; Wayne 
Zunkel, Granada Hills, Calif., pastor; 
and Robert Kettering, Atlantic Northeast 
District associate executive. Serving ex 
officio are Donald Miller, general 
secretary; and Phillip Stone, 1991 

What gives the committee's report the 
appearance of a major report to Annual 

Conference (although it actually is only 
a report to Standing Committee and is 
not, at this time, an item for Annual 
Conference delegates to consider) are 
its proposed changes in polity and its 
bold fleshing out of rather general 
guidelines for overseas church-planting 
stated in the 1 989 Annual Conference 
paper "Mission Theology and Guide- 
lines." Specifically the committee's 
report "Structure to Deal with Global 
Church" stresses guidelines 1 and 3: 
"We are called to plant the church" anc 
"The gospel of Jesus Christ knows no 

The report also agrees with guideline 
7 of the 1989 paper, with the interpreta- 
tion that Annual Conference defines 
relationships with congregations in othe 
countries, while districts define and 
develop relationships with congregation 
in the United States and Puerto Rico. 

The committee "assumes" (its own 
word), as the basis for its recommenda- 
tions, that the Church of the Brethren is 
to be a "global church" (members and 

Ethics in Ministry Relations: Tal 

Sexual misconduct is "not to be taken 
lightly," according to a report coming to 
Annual Conference from the Ethics in 
Ministry Relations Committee. "Too 
often in the past, allegations against 
Brethren leaders have been ignored, 
brushed under the table, or dismissed 
outright. . . . This amounts to a con- 
spiracy of silence." 

The committee attempts to break the 
conspiracy by detailing a process to 
investigate and resolve allegations of 
sexual misconduct. The report also gives 
a theology of ministerial ethics, includ- 
ing congregational responsibilities to 
leaders, and a code of ethics for ordained 
and licensed ministers and lay speakers 
that is not limited to sexual issues. 

The report focuses on sexual miscon- 
duct because the "Ethics in Ministry 
Relations" paper passed by Standing 
Committee in 1988 did not deal with 
such cases, the report says, and Oregon/ 
Washington District specifically raised 

the issue in the query that led to the 
present paper. 

Sexual misconduct by clergy is an 
urgent issue. "Statistical evidence ... is 
troubling and sobering, suggesting that 
between 1 2 and 23 percent of (Christian) 
clergy nationwide have engaged in some 
form of inappropriate sexual behavior 
with parishioners or other persons," the 
paper says. "In the Church of the 
Brethren we believe that all sexual 
misconduct, whether premeditated or 
not, is wrong, and when allegations of 
inappropriate behavior are received, 
those allegations need to be considered 
with seriousness." 

The lack of a process for dealing 
with allegations has hampered the 
church, according to the report. The 
process proposed is rigorous and 
"intended ... for a church resolution of 
the matter," not a legal one. However, 
if allegations involve children, the paper 
emphasizes that a report must be made 

to the civil authorities. 

In the proposed process 

— each district has an ethics commit- 
tee ready to convene when a complaint 
is filed. The district ministry commis- 
sion has final responsibility and may 
serve as the ethics committee. In any 
case, the committee has a balance of 
men and women. 

— each district also has two people 
designated to hear grievances in additio 
to the district executive (DE), so that 
someone of either sex is available. 

— grievances may be presented by the 
aggrieved or someone authorized by the 
aggrieved, someone in a close relation- 
ship to the aggrieved, or someone with 
evidence of misconduct. 

When a grievance has been heard, it i 
communicated to the chair of the 
ministry commission within 72 hours. 
An assessment team — the DE, the 
ministry commission chair, and a 
member of the ethics committee (at leas 

ive a worldwide denomination 

ngregations, and, potentially, districts 
tside the US and Puerto Rico). The 
mmittee is specific in assuming that 
j new direction of church planting 
mid go beyond only ecumenical or 
n-denominational groups. 
Spelled out in considerable detail are 
■ps whereby members, congregations, 
itricts, and regions would relate to the 
inual Conference of the Church of the 
ethren in the US and Puerto Rico. 
Under the committee's recommenda- 
<ns, new overseas congregations could 
peal for recognition either directly to 
: General Board or through Standing 
immittee and Annual Conference. 
>on recognition, the new congregation 
mid be assigned to an "appropriate" 
iteside district. The district would have 
thority to adjust polity to accommo- 
te special concerns; would train, 
ense, and ordain ministers; and handle 
ues of accountability, discipleship, 
d reconciliation. 

Overseas congregations or a group of 
ngregations could petition Standing 

Committee for recognition. Recognition 
would entitle the new district to all the 
rights and authority of the present 
stateside districts. 

Even "regional" structures such as a 
"regional conference" or separate 
"annual conference" are dealt with in 
the committee's report to Standing 
Committee. The committee urges that 
such regional conferences participate 
with Annual Conference in periodic 
world assemblies. 


Lnother factor that has given the 
Global Church Structure committee's 
report prominence in the past year has 
been its exposure to large groups and to 
numerous individuals. Rough drafts of 
the report were presented to General 
Board staff (this past winter) and to the 
General Board (in March), engendering 
considerable discussion, much of it 
outside the meeting rooms. Indeed, the 
zeal of the committee has Annual 
Conference officers concerned that 

expectations from the denomination at 
large may have been raised unduly. 

The report is, after all, part of a pre- 
liminary study by Standing Committee. 
And several issues have not been 
sufficiently addressed yet — issues such 
as ecumenical commitments held dear 
over the years; the financial, logistical, 
cultural, and geographical difficulties 
stateside districts would face in supervis- 
ing overseas church development; and 
the role of World Ministries staff. 

It remains to be seen (by Tuesday of 
Conference week in Richmond) whether 
the Annual Conference delegates 
themselves will get a crack at a Standing 
Committee recommendation on the 
subject. In case they should, the Annual 
Conference officers have made prepara- 
tion by including a copy of the study 
report in the packets being sent this 
month to all delegates. And a Tuesday 
night "forum" at Conference is planned, 
regardless of what Standing Committee 
does with the study report. — Kermon 

xual misconduct seriously 

e in the team is of the same sex as the 
grieved) — is formed to meet with the 
grieved, to request a written and 
;ned complaint, and to make inquiries. 
Within 72 hours, the team meets again 
th the aggrieved to either close the 
Dcess, if the person is satisfied, or 
ntinue. The team may also decide that 
idiation could resolve the matter, in 
lich case all parties must agree. 

f the process continues, the DE 
;sents the accused with the complaint, 
eping the identity of the aggrieved 
:ret, and asks for a written response, 
ter confidential inquiry to determine if 
lers have experienced similar inci- 
nts involving the accused, the team 
cides if there is reasonable suspicion 
at misconduct has occurred. If so, the 
im may bring a formal complaint to 
; district board chair, inform the 
nominational ministry office, convene 

the ethics committee, and enter a formal 
complaint in the permanent file of the 

A formal complaint requires commu- 
nication with the congregation served by 
the accused. The ethics committee also 
may gather more information about the 
accusations, under guidelines given in 
the report. 

When the committee has sufficient 
information, it recommends action to the 
district board — either full exoneration 
for the accused; exoneration with 
evidence of poor judgment requiring 
some supervision or counseling; or 
substantiation of charges, requiring 
personal counseling and/or therapy for 
sexual addiction and other measures 
ranging from peer support to the 
termination of license or ordination. 

Measures taken for the aggrieved may 
include the offer of therapy, paid for by 
the accused or provided by the district. 
The DE or ministry commission chair 

also begins a healing and restoration 
process with the aggrieved person and 
those close to the aggrieved, and with 
the congregation. 

The aggrieved, the accused, or the 
congregation has the right to appeal to 
Standing Committee within 30 days after 
the case is resolved. 

Detailed records are made at all 
stages. A summary of the resolution of 
the case is placed in the clergy 
member's file, to be forwarded at the 
request of any district where the clergy 
member is relocating. A clergy member 
who has been the subject of a formal 
complaint is obliged to inform the 
executive of the district where negotia- 
tions are taking place. 

Members of the Ethics in Ministry 
Relations Committee are chairman Joel 
Kline, John David Bowman, Esther 
Frey, Helen Persons, Nathan Northup, 
David Rittenhouse, and Fred Swartz. 
— Cheryl Cayford 


She scorned 
'the stool of 
do-nothing 9 

by Nancy H. Morris 

"What time is it? Two a.m.? Who 
can be pounding on the door at 
this hour? Something is 

A voice cries from 
beyond the door, "Miss 
Nelie! Come quick! 
Lillie's worse!" 
The wakened 
sleeper calls back 
through the dark- 
ness, "Let me get 
dressed and get 
my coat. I'll be 
right with you." 

And away she 
goes, on what is a 
familiar night- 
time errand of 
mercy for Nelie 
Wampler, mission- 
ary to the people of 
Greene County, Va. 
Nelie hadn't 
meant to wind up in 
Greene County. She 
really had her heart set on 
serving on the Church of the 
Brethren mission field in India. 
But between her junior and senior 
years at Bridgewater College she had 
spent a summer in Greene County . . . 
and got hooked. 
Bom into a large family at Weyers 

Cave in 1877, Nelie was nurtured there' 
in the Pleasant Valley Church of the 
Brethren. But in 1909 she forsook life i:" 1 
the bountiful Shenandoah Valley and 
moved across the Blue Ridge Mountain' 
and down into the hills and hollows of 
Greene County, then one of the most 
backward and remote places in Virginis ; 
She died at age 93, having totally given' 
her life from 1909 to 1970 to her 
adopted people. 

The Brethren had been working in 
Greene County since the 1 860s, but 
progress was slow in a mountainous 
terrain, the wildness of which was 
matched only by that of the mountain- 
eers who peopled it. 

Legend has it that the earliest Euro- 
pean inhabitants of the Greene County 
mountains were descendants of inden- 
tured servants from English settlements 
in the Tidewater region farther east. A 
more romantic story is that of Hessian 
soldiers from the British army of the 
Revolution, not wanting to return to 
Europe, and taking refuge in the moun- ' 
tain fastnesses of Greene County. 
Whatever their origins, by the turn of th 
20th century, the inhabitants had 
blended into a common stock, and 
seemingly every other person was either 1 
a Morris or a Shiflett. 

Cut off from the outside world, 
Greene County was a land of ancient 
ways and beliefs. Moonshining, 
shootings, knifings, and knock-down- 
drag-out fights characterized daily life. 
Yet, in contrast to the violence, there 
was a code of neighborliness and caring 
that outsiders could only admire. Into 
this world, so foreign to the German- 
peopled Valley, Nelie Wampler marchet 
and set up permanent camp. 

Her diary entry for September 4, 1 908 
reads, "I organized S.S. (Sunday school) 
in Bacon Hollow with an average 
attendance of 1 14, helped in the S.S. at 
Evergreen, walked about three miles to 
my S.S. in the afternoon. ... I made 222 
visits while there (that summer)." 

. Miss Nelie, as she soon came to be 
nown, had little patience for laziness. 
,he dismissed the less energetic, less 
hotivated, with a comment that became 
I byword with her: "If they would get 
i |ff the stool of do-nothing, they could 
■et something done." Miss Nelie never 
pent time on that stool, herself. 
I J And she got a lot of Greene County 
jlks off the stool as well. She quickly 
^cognized that these people, dismissed 
ijy one Brethren writer as "primitive," 
icked only opportunities, not intelli- 
ence. Miss Nelie rolled up her sleeves 
nd went to work, determined to see 
,iat every possible opportunity came 
leir way. 

. The framework for her mission service 
; /as the several small outposts of the 
'murch of the Brethren — such as 
./fountain Grove Chapel in Bacon 
follow. Mount Hermon in Mutton 
, 'follow, Shady Grove in Shiflett Hollow, 
I nd Evergreen at the foot of Bacon 
follow. She walked miles to attend at 
:ast two churches every Sunday, 
peaking, praying, greeting, holding 
iiervices, teaching Sunday school. 
| Another way she ministered was by 
uer own lifestyle. Miss Nelie grew a 
ijarge garden, gave much of its produce 
: 'o her neighbors, and dispensed garden- 
ing and food preservation tips along with 
tihe gifts. But folks who lived mainly on 
toiled vegetables, fried pork fatback, 
I iind gravy thought Miss Nelie not a little 
trange in her eating habits. Doting on 
vaw oat meal and raw-onion sandwiches 
,.et her apart from her neighbors. 
I Years later, after a county school 
system was in place, Miss Nelie devel- 
oped its first hot-lunch program. She 
ijilanted the vegetables, cultivated them, 
[harvested them, preserved them, and 
:ven planned and prepared the actual 
i meals! There was no time to sit on a do- 
jiothing stool for Miss Nelie. 
| Bacon Hollow, where Miss Nelie lived 
at first, was notorious for its moon- 
lehining, bootlegging, and violence, 

i .»Wa«' 

Rugged mountaineers 
peopled the steep-sided 
ridges and hollows of 
Greene County, living 
in rustic cabins made 
of huge chestnut and 
poplar logs. Hardier 
sorts even lived along 
the very crest of the 
Blue Ridge. This 
torrent-side cabin 
(left) had no windows. 

The creation of 
Shenandoah National 
Park displaced many 
of the families to whom 
Miss Nelie ministered. 
They could scarcely 
comprehend that the 
government lawfully 
could uproot them 
from their ancestral 

May 1992 Messenger 17 

Some of Miss Nelie's 
students used mules 
and horses to travel to 
and from school (top). 
Along the mountain 
paths, foot logs made 
crossing creeks easy 
(above). Miss Nelie 
walked to widely scat- 
tered mission points, 
such as Mount Hermon, 
in Mutton Hollow 
(right), to carry out her 
ministry. The Brethren 
work in Greene County 
began 125 years ago, 
when Isaac Long, of the 
Mill Creek congregation 
near Harrisonburg, 
preached the first 
sermon there in Shiflett 
Hollow in 1867. The 
Greene County Brethren 
mission work became 
organized as Mount 
Carmel congregation in 
1901, with several 

causing the missionary much heartache. 
She wrote in her diary for April 7, 1922, 
"David Shiflett was shot and killed. Was 
brought home and buried at Evergreen 
this afternoon. Such a sad affair. Liquor 
and guns are the cause of the whole 

Even the sharp eyes of Miss Nelie did 
not detect all the liquor traffic. On her 
return from visits back to Weyers Cave, 
she would take the train from Penn Laird 
to Elkton, on the Valley side of the Blue 
Ridge. A man from Bacon Hollow 
would meet her in Elkton, in his flat-bed 
wagon, and carry her home over the 
mountain by way of Swift Run Gap. 
Sitting primly on the wagon seat. Miss 
Nelie was unaware that often under it 
was a load of bootleg whiskey! Or so 
goes a familiar tale. 

In an area with no health services, it 
was natural that Miss Nelie became the 
person depended on to come when 
someone was sick or when birth was 
imminent. She went anywhere there was 

a need. She often stayed the night in 
some cabin high in the hills, not only 
caring for the sick or the new baby and 
mother, but also cooking, cleaning, and 
looking after the children. 

In her diary, Miss Nelie jotted down 
her remedies for sicknesses. Iodine 
ointment was applied for colds and flu- 
type ailments: "Mix 1 dr. of iodine with 
iodine of potassium (2 drs.) and 2 oz. 
lard. Mix thoroughly and rub with 
friction before 

A diary entry for 
1923 mentions a 
baby formula. Miss 
Nelie had no 
children of her own, 
but she raised a 
family of six whose 
mother had died. 
The youngest of 
those was an infant, 
so she had a use for 
that baby formula. 
Along with the 
children she actually 
raised, Miss Nelie 
also took in numer- 
ous other waifs for 
short periods of time. 
Teaching was her means of livelihood. 
She taught in a one-room school at first. 
Then she moved to a church, and ended 
her teaching in Bacon Hollow in the 
two-room "Victory Hill" schoolhouse. 

Clyde Knight, a Greene County native 
now in his 80s, recalls the wintry days in 
that first, one-room school: "After 
trudging through snowbanks and braving 
wild winds blowing snow through the 
air, we were glad to find our place inside 
around the hot stove. I say 'around the 
stove' because a few feet away from it 
circled freezing air, and lines of snow 
appeared on the floor by the wind 
blowing through the invisible cracks 
between the logs." 

Miss Nelie wrote in her diary entry of 
February 17, 1922, "Almost zero. Full 
school and all I could do was to try to 
keep the children warm. Such an icy 
time, too. Had a time getting home. The 
horses could hardly get along. We 
walked this a.m. I sat down by the way 
several times." 

1 R M,> 


\ For all her hard work as a teacher, 
jliss Nelie was paid only a pittance. In 
.ie back of her 1914 diary, she recorded 
pr cash account. Her "school warrant" 
lay) for March was $34.66. 
A dramatic change came in both her 
caching and her other ministry in 1922. 
he Church of the Brethren opened an 
idustrial school in Greene County. For 
tfarch 15, 1922, Miss Nelie recorded in 
er diary, "The Brethren are busy these 
jays. Things are very encouraging. Hope 
ley will find a location before they 
ave. May the Lord direct to his glory." 
The Church of the Brethren Industrial 
chool (CBIS) eventually owned 300 
cres of land in the community of Geer, 
nd operated an elementary and high 
chool that took in boarding students as 
veil as neighborhood children. Things 
Summed at the school. Beyond their 
llasses the children were kept busy with 
arm and garden work, and learning all 
orts of useful skills and trades. 
, Miss Nelie became the housemother 
nd worked for the 1 2 years of the 
chool's existence nurturing the children 
in its charge. A terse entry in her diary 
>elies the actual drudgery that she 
iccepted as her normal responsibility: "I 
vashed today." 

That sounds simple enough, until one 
•eflects that "I washed today" meant that 
;he boiled clothes in a cast-iron washpot 
wer an open fire in the yard, scrubbed 
he clothes in hot suds, rinsed them in 
:old water, wrung them out, and hung 
them to dry . . . for 80 students and 

CBIS had a large working farm, pro- 
ducing vegetables and fruit to be canned 
in the summer and fall. This added to 
vliss Nelie's work. Laying large sheets 
under the many cherry trees of the farm, 
Miss Nelie and the children shook the 
trees, gathered the cherries, and canned 
300 quarts of cherries in 1926. 

The truck-gardening report for 1927- 
28 lists "Irish potatoes, 160 bushels; 
sweet potatoes, 60 bushels; canned fruit, 
4,000 quarts; and canned meat, 300 
quarts." Miss Nelie noted in her diary, 
'We sorely need a small cannery. . . . 
\l\ the fruits and vegetables are now 
:anned on the kitchen range." 
In all this dawn-to-bedtime activity, 

Children at the 
Industrial School were 
kept busy learning 
useful skills, such as 
gardening, canning, 
and shoe repairing. 

Miss Nelie drove before her a herd of 
boys and girls who learned well the 
value of work. And it was not without its 
rewards. She kept the children busy in 
4-H Club and had them exhibit their 
work annually in the county fair, where 
they won many awards, ribbons, and 
cash prizes. The school was Miss Nelie's 
pride and joy, and great was her unspo- 

ken grief when it closed in 1933. 

The industrial school closed for four 
main reasons: A hardtop road — Route 
33 — was built, opening the area to east 
and west travel; the county's public 
school system was improved; Shenan- 
doah National Park was created by the 
federal government, unhappily displac- 
ing the very people the school was 








tf T 

\^ ■ 

Miss Nelie took in 
many orphans, includ- 
ing this family of four 
Deane children. 

created to serve (and writing a sad 
chapter in Greene County history, the 
grief of which has not yet run its course, 
60 years later); and the Great Depression 
had dried up financial resources. 

Unbowed, Miss Nelie went back to 
teaching in the public schools and con- 
tinuing her ministry among the Church 
of the Brethren congregations in the 
area. By now she was a fixture in the life 
of the church, accepted as one of the 
people, yet revered and respected as a 
leader. As Miss Nelie grew older, she 
was more and more turned to for counsel 
and advice. Usually that counsel began 
with a gentle suggestion, "Let's see what 
the Scriptures say." 

By nature Miss Nelie was direct and 
frank. People had to accept that in order 
to appreciate her. She opposed the 
marriage of a couple she knew well, 
causing the wife much discomfort. 
Finally, one day, the wife came to Miss 
Nelie and confronted her: "I have a crow 
to pick with you. I want to know why 
you opposed our marriage." 

Miss Nelie looked down at her apron 
and replied, "I don't have enough room 
for the feathers." 

Helpful and caring, still Miss Nelie 
could be disconcerting to those 
unacquainted with her ways. "We had 
just arrived at the parsonage," the wife 
of a new pastor related. "The baby was 
tired, crying, wanting to go to sleep. My 
husband was looking for the parts of the 
crib to put it together when I heard 
footsteps on the porch. Going out, I saw 
a small-featured and petite woman 
looking down into the packing boxes we 
had just unloaded onto the porch. She 
just kept looking at the boxes, ignoring 
me at first. 

"Later, she introduced herself and 
asked many questions about the family 
and especially about my kitchen abili- 
ties. This was my introduction to Nelie 
Wampler. Later she admitted to me that 
she really was looking for some home- 
canned fruits or vegetables. She was 
interested in finding some help to teach 
the local residents how to can and 
preserve foods." 

The pastor's wife soon found out that 
Miss Nelie gave great support to the 
pastors and their families who came to 
Greene County. 

In her first years of ministry, Miss 
Nelie walked everywhere she went. 
After about five years she took up 
horseback riding. Years later she owne 
a 1946 Ford. She never learned to drivii 
well, however. People who did not kite 
her otherwise remembered her driving 
capers . . . and the tales are legion. Wis 
drivers, when they saw Miss Nelie 
coming, took to the ditch, for she drove 
straight down the middle of the road, n, 
matter what was coming. The Lord 
understood this, and protected her. 

Miss Nelie' s driving was representa- 
tive of the way she lived her life: 
Wavering neither to the left nor the 
right, she drove through life straight 
down the middle of the road. Her mind, 
her heart, her will was set on serving th 
Lord in Greene County, Va., and nothir 
ever distracted her from that purpose. 

Near the end of her long life, Miss 
Nelie was asked to reply in writing to 
some questions about that life. She 
replied to the would-be biographer, 
"You are asking some questions about 
my own life's history, but I am not 

The letter went on to reveal Miss 
Nelie's purpose statement: "I am still 
going strong and keeping well. No 
greater blessing. I thank my Maker for 
keeping me well and able to work. All I 
ask is 'Dear God, work me harder than 
you have ever worked me, and I will go 
with you through to the end.' And I 
mean it." 

Telling, too, was the closing of the 
letter from this 86-year-old human 
dynamo: "I must stop here and get out. I 
is a good, cool day to work." 

John Greenleaf Whittier wrote, "The 
most valuable gift of a man or woman tc 
this world is not money, nor books, but i 
noble life." 

Miss Nelie Wampler, by dint of self- 
less hard work and devotion . . . and by 
never sitting on the "the stool of do- 
nothing". . . gave that most valuable gift 
to her beloved neighbors of HJ 

Greene County. I — 

Nancy H. Morris is a member of the Evergreen 
Church of the Brethren, at Dyke, in Greene County, 
Va. A long-term labor of love for her is transcribing 
the diaries that Miss Nelie kept year after year, a 
labor that includes documenting all the names of 
people and places mentioned in the entries. 

20 Messenger May 1992 

History behind a cornerstone 

)y Kevin Daggett 

ou, too, are built upon the foundation 
lid by the apostles and prophets, the 
ornerstone being Christ Jesus himself. 
fe is the one who holds the whole 
wilding together and makes it grow into 
sacred temple dedicated to the Lord. 

ph. 2:20-21 (TEV) 

* * * 

Not long after my wife and I began 
lr pastorate at the Daleville Church of 
e Brethren, the church's cornerstone 
mght my eye. "Organized 1842," it 

It occurred to me that the 1 50th 
jiniversary of that date would fall in 
)92. 1 did a little research and learned 
at it was not our Daleville congre- 
uion, but the Botetourt (pronounced 
itty-tot) County congregation, also 
lown as the Valley congregation, that 
as organized in 1842. 1 pondered how 

celebrate the 1 50th anniversary of a 
ungregation that no longer existed. 
'While the cornerstone is our only 
iference to 1842 being the date of 
iganization, we know that for a number 
K years the Botetourt Brethren met for 
fcrship in the homes and barns of 
isVeral different members. In 1851 land 
i'js deeded to the "trustees of the Valley 
:hnker church" for what was to become 
l;ir primary meetinghouse located in 
i; present-day community of Daleville, 
gfct north of Roanoke, Va. 

From here, the Botetourt Brethren 
i.rried the "good news" into counties in 
Virginia, West Virginia, Tennessee, and 
iBrth Carolina. Numerous mission 
lints were established, and many of 
t :se evolved into congregations that 
x'ntinue in ministry today. 

^mong the Botetourt Brethren were 
\ >rkers well known across the denomi- 
*jtion — theologian Peter Nead; anti- 
f|very activist Benjamin F. Moomaw; 
eucator I. N. H. Beahm; and Samuel 
feir, the Brethren's first black elder, 
i Upon the "cornerstone (that is) Christ 
J.;us himself," the Botetourt Brethren 
citinued to build. In 1891 the Botetourt 

Normal School was opened. During its 
life the school served as a college, junior 
college, and an academy, before closing 
its campus in 1933 and merging with 
Bridgewater College. Leaders from the 
Botetourt Brethren were also instrumen- 
tal in establishing a camping program in 
the district that evolved into Camp 
Bethel, now a year-round conference 
center still located in Botetourt County. 

By 1912 the Botetourt congregation 
had grown to over 700 members and 
ministered to a large territory. In order 
for the ministry to be more effectively 
carried out, it was decided to divide the 
one congregation into three — Daleville, 
Cloverdale, and Troutville. Each of 
these congregations then took responsi- 
bility for several mission points and the 
Botetourt congregation, as such, ceased 
to exist. 

Last spring, I described my dream 
of a 150th anniversary celebration to 

Old Valley 


was erected in 

1851. From the 



have come many 


still active in 

1992. This 


Daleville, host 

for the June 28 


the pastors of several Botetourt congre- 
gations. Receiving their encouragement, 
I invited to a planning meeting represen- 
tatives of the congregations that can 
trace their roots directly back to the 
Valley congregation. This built upon a 
cooperative deacon's training program in 
which six of the congregations recently 
had participated. 

We planned a series of celebration 
events — events that would give thanks 
for the faithfulness of people who 
established and carried out the ministry 

of these congregations; provide the 
Brethren in Botetourt County an oppor- 
tunity for fellowship, study, and wor- 
ship; lift up the current ministries of the 
Church of the Brethren congregations in 
this area; and allow us to join in envi- 
sioning and planning future ministries. 

This past March we kicked off our 
celebration with a series of meetings 
focused on the history and beliefs of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

On Easter we gathered for a sunrise 
service at Camp Bethel and then had 
breakfast at the Troutville Church of the 
Brethren. This month we will hold a 
hymn fest at the Cloverdale Church of 
the Brethren. 

Our celebration culminates on Sunday, 
June 28, with activities and worship at 
the Daleville church. This includes a 
drama, pot-luck meal, and historical 
displays, beginning at 4 p.m. and lasting 
into the evening. We have scheduled this 

"homecoming" event on the Sunday 
before Annual Conference so that 
Brethren on their way to Richmond can 
join us. We invite all persons to join us 
and especially encourage those with ties 
to Church of the Brethren congregations 
to make this a part of their Annual 
Conference plans. Telephone (703) 992- 
2042 to get more information and to let 
the Daleville church know 
you are coming. 


Kevin Daggett is co-pastor of the Daleville (Va.) 
Church of the Brethren. 


Meet the Dunkard Brethren 

This July the five major Brethren groups will celebrate 250 
years of annual meetings by holding a first-ever Brethren 
World Assembly. As that event approaches, MESSENGER is 
presenting, in monthly installments, articles about each of the 
participating groups. Writer for the series is Church of the 

Brethren theologian and historian William G. Willoughby. 

For information about the Brethren World Assembly, read 
Donald Durnbaugh 's "Freedom to Come Together, " October 
1991 (but note that the assembly's dates are July 15-18, not 
July 25-28 as given in that article). 

by William G. Willoughby 

"Both my grandfathers were elders in 
the same York County Church of the 
Brethren congregation when it split," 
a friend of mine from Pennsylvania 
remarked. "One stayed with the Church 
of the Brethren; the other went with the 
Dunkard Brethren." 

"When did that occur?" I asked. 

"In 1926. 1 was just a small child, but 
I remember it well. It caused a division 
in our family. Some relatives would not 
speak to other relatives. That was very 
painful to me." 

As we discussed this matter, we 
discovered that I was a distant relative of 
one, and perhaps of both grandfathers. 

Last fall while attending a conference 
at Bridgewater College, I met one of the 
plain-garbed elders from a Dunkard 
Brethren congregation in Pennsylvania. 
As we conversed, we figured out that we 
were distant cousins. 

Such experiences emphasize the 
familial relationships connecting all the 
five major groups of Brethren. Even 
when there is no genetic relationship, 
there is a common spiritual heritage that 
relates even though we are in different 

All of us share the memory of 
Alexander Mack and the seven other 
men and women baptized at 
Schwarzenau in 1708. All of us were 
together until 1881. Our common loyalty 
to the New Testament teachings and 
ordinances bind us together as brothers 
and sisters in Christ. 

All of us share common memories and 
history — Christian Liebe spending two 
years as a prisoner and galley slave, 
Peter Becker leading the first love feast 
in the new world at Germantown on 
Christmas day 1723, the Sauer Bible, the 
westward migration, the agony of the 
Civil War, the martyrdom of John Kline, 
the theology of Peter Nead, the unhappy 

divisions of 1881-83. 

However, during the early 1920s, 
some of the more conservative Brethren 
in the Church of the Brethren. became 
increasingly concerned over the "lower- 
ing of standards" in the church: 
Women were now wearing hats; men 
were wearing neckties; the "plain garb" 
was no longer required as a mark of 

Some churches had installed organs 
and pianos in their meetinghouses. An 
increasing number of pastors were now 
on a salary. Even divorce in some cases 
was not considered a reason for 
disfellowship. Such "worldly" changes 
caused some members great sadness and 
concern, especially when they were 
sanctioned by Annual Conference. 

One of the most threatening trends for 
the conservative Brethren was the 
growing attraction and power of the 
colleges. The conservatives did not 
oppose "practical learning," such as tent- 

making, carpentry, or brick-laying, but 
they did oppose worldly "philosophy and 
vain deceit." 

After many queries to Annual Confer- 
ence concerning the wayward direction 
the church was pursuing, a group of 
conservative Brethren met at Plevna, 
Ind., in 1926 and made this statement: 
f'As a part of the loyal and faithful of the 
present Church of the Brethren, we see 
no other remedy for relief than to obey 
the gospel, and to declare ourselves 
independent, and to reorganize, and to 
sre-establish the true faith of the gospel 
amongst us." They called themselves 
''Dunkard Brethren." 

lo attend one of their services today 
is to experience a pattern of worship that 
is little changed from 1926. In all their 
:hurches the services are essentially 
:he same. 

I attended a Sunday morning service 
of the Dunkard Brethren in a very small, 
•ural church about 90 miles east of Los 
Angeles. Their meetinghouse preserved 
t pattern common in our own past 
—no steeple, educational plant, or gym- 
lasium; no landscaping with "unproduc- 
!ive" shrubs. In the small sanctuary, 
Vhich could seat about 60, there were no 
itained glass windows, no flowers, no 
)rgan or piano. The very simplicity of 
he little church bespoke a simple faith. 

Sunday school began at 10 o'clock 
vith opening devotions. In this congre- 
gation there was only one class, held in 
he sanctuary, for all age groups. The 
eacher gave an able and informal 
:xposition of John, verse by verse. 
Larger congregations may have several 
Classes for children. The Sunday school 
lour was closed with the singing of a 
iiymn from the shape-note Brethren 
Tymnal published in 1901. The hymn 
I'l'll Count My Blessings" was sung 
inaccompanied, boldly and fervently. 
ij As the hymn was ending, the minister 

went forward to stand behind the pulpit. 
There he read Psalm 139 with great 
expression. Following the reading, he 
preached for 20 minutes on various 
themes drawn from that psalm. The 
congregation then knelt for prayer, 
which was concluded with the Lord's 
prayer. After being reseated, we sang 
what I thought was the concluding 
hymn, "Thy Gracious Power." 

Instead of pronouncing a benediction, 
however, the minister read Matthew 
18:1-22, after which he preached 
eloquently for 40 more minutes on the 
theme of "Forgiveness." Except for its 
length, it was a sermon that could well 
have been preached in almost any 
Church of the Brethren. Following the 
sermon we again knelt for prayer, and a 
second repetition of the Lord's prayer. 

The final hymn of the service was "I 
am Trusting Thee," after which the 
congregation was dismissed. It was a 
very simple service — no bulletins, no 
special music, no ushers, no invocation, 
no benediction, no antiphons, and 
— amazingly — no offering. (The offering 
had been taken during the Sunday school 
hour.) Our attention had been centered 
on the Word of God's forgiveness and 
grace and our human response. 

The Dunkard Brethren are the smallest 
of the five main groups of Brethren, with 
approximately 1,000 members scattered 
across the country in 26 churches and 4 
districts. They meet yearly in June for 
their General Conference, its location 
rotating by district. 

Last year the General Conference of 
the Dunkard Brethren was held at Santa 
Cruz, Calif. It began on Saturday after- 
noon, June 15. Preaching services were 
held morning, afternoon, and evening for 
three and a half days, with much singing 
from the 1901 hymnal and much praying 
on one's knees. All prayers were con- 
cluded with the Lord's prayer. 

Wednesday was set apart for the 
business session. The delegate body 

comprised 21 elders, 6 ministers, and 16 
deacons — all male. Their business 
consisted of one item of unfinished 
business and one query from a congre- 
gation. In addition, reports from various 
boards and committees were received: 
the Mission Board, the Civilian Service 
Board, the Relief Board, and several 
others. The Decorum Committee was 
responsible for youth activities at the 

The Dunkard Brethren have no 
denominational headquarters, no salaried 
pastors, and no salaried executives. Yet, 
they have been able to maintain a close- 
knit "extended family relationship" for 
65 years and across 3,000 miles. 

The church actively supports the 
Torreon Navajo Mission in Cuba, N.M. 
It publishes an inspirational magazine, 
the Bible Monitor, twice a month. Some 
churches contribute to foreign missions 
through other agencies. All are diligent 
in caring for the needy in their own 


n a world where greed reigns and 
consumerism flourishes, the Dunkard 
Brethren strive to be "more sanctified, 
more righteous, more holy, and more 
perfect through faith and obedience." 
In a hedonistic culture, they are disci- 
plined and restrained. In a world of 
alienation and loneliness, they enjoy the 
warmth and support of genuine commu- 
nity. In a world of violence, they are a 
people of peace. 

But they are the first to admit they are 
not perfect in their discipleship, for they 
continue to hear a voice they cannot 
ignore: "Be ye therefore perfect" and 
"Be not conformed to this 


William G. Willoughby is a retired educator 
living in La Verne, Calif., after a teaching career at 
Bridgewater (Va.) College and the University- of La 
Veme (Calif) and a stint as director of Brethren 
Sen'ice in Europe. 

Gene Roop: 

Leading Bethany 
on a journey 

by Frank Ramirez 

Genesis 12 begins with a great comman 
of God to Abraham: Lekh Lekha!: Get 
up and go! Thus begins the great histor 
of God's relationship with his people, a 
walk that continues today in our own 
pilgrimages. Often overlooked is the 
prelude to the interchange between God 
and Abraham, the scripture of Genesis 
1 1:27-32, the genealogy of Terah. 

There is tremendous pain contained ii 
these few verses. Haran, son of Terah, 
dies before his time. Another son, 
Abram, marries Sarai, who is found to 
be barren. Terah himself sets out from 
Ur to what would become the promised 
land, Canaan, but settles down well sho 
of his goal. He dies. 

"The genealogy," writes Eugene F. 
Roop, in his Bible commentary on 
Genesis, "presents us with no future — 
only a barren wife, an incomplete 
journey, and a father's death." 

This observation by the newly called 
president of Bethany Theological 
Seminary puts God's command in 
Genesis 12 in a whole new light. As 
Gene puts it: "God's speech promises a 
future where none existed before." 

There is striking similarity between 
that Genesis story and the situation 
facing the seminary itself as the new 
president takes office in a time of crisis. 

As a person who has spent his life 
studying the Bible, Gene notes, "When 
the past seems to lead to a dead end, 
God's presence opens up the future. Go- 
really breaks open the closed world of 
the future in new ways. This doesn't 
eliminate the agony, loss, and disap- 

' Bethany Seminary is in a present fraught wih 

peril, but in Gene Roop s understanding c\ 

scripture, there is no doubt that God i\ 

opening a door to a new futures 

intment that comes when we give up 
oart of the present, to go to new lands, 
>ut God doesn't allow the problems of 
he present to control the future." 

These sentiments were foreshadowed, 
lit least in part, in a sermon preached by 
3ene at last year's Annual Conference 
n Portland. Using Ezekiel 37 as his text, 
3ene focused on a series of crises that 
mve threatened to dry up the Brethren. 
Ks Israel's sojourn in Babylon was 
ransformed by God from a dead end to 
lew life, so have crises in our history 
>roven to be the crucible in which God's 
promise is renewed. 

At a time when Bethany Seminary 
nay be swallowed by a financial dead 
:nd (see "Bethany Seminary Will Sell 
Property," August/September 1 990, page 
6), Gene's honest understanding of the 
eriousness of the problem always is 
:oupled with a faith in God who opens 
lew possibilities. 

Regarding the seminary's financial 
.risis, Gene admits, "It has the possibil- 
'ty of being the end. If we balance the 
mdget we may not have a strong enough 
irogram to merit accreditation. If we 
lon't balance the budget we'll simply 
un out of money soon enough. It is a 
inancial crisis. At the base of it, we 
"annot stand alone. We need to have a 
>artnership with another seminary for 
ducational and financial reasons. 
\lthough the crisis is real, there are real 
possibilities for us. That is why I agreed 
o take the job of seminary president." 
, This firm attachment to reality was 
trengthened by a recent stint in the 
Jastorate. Gene used a sabbatical to 
eturn to pastoring a congregation. He 
erved a half-year interim term at the 
lappy Corner Church of the Brethren, in 
Clayton, Ohio, immersing himself in 
preaching, teaching, and the complexi- 
jies of the pastorate. In addition he 
jaught a course, "Introduction to the Old 
Testament," similar to the one he has 
i aught for years at the seminary. 

"I found the questions at Happy 
Corner to be the same as those that 
students ask, but phrased in different 
ways and with different words." This 
shift in language worlds inhibits some 
students from easily making the transi- 

tion from the language of academia to 
the language of the congregation. 

Out of this learning from the pastorate 
comes Gene's resolve to remedy this 
situation by taking advantage of the new 
site planned for the seminary. "There are 
70 or so Brethren congregations within 

All the Roops 
have been 
educated at Man- 
chester College. 
Gene and Delora 
are alumni. 
Daughter Tanya 
graduates from 
Manchester this 
month and son 
Fred is finishing 
his sophomore 

If Bethany 
Seminary moves 
to Richmond, 
Ind.. it will mean 
returning to their 
home state for 
Gene, from Fort 
Wayne, and 
Delora, from 

Gene, who 
turns 50 May 11, 
was educated 
beyond Manches- 
ter at Bethany 
and Claremont 
(Calif.) Graduate 

an hour's drive of Earlham (Bethany 
Seminary is negotiating an affiliation 
with Earlham School of Religion, in 
Richmond, Ind. See April, page 7), and 
an additional 30 or 40 relatively close. 
These congregations will provide varied 
context for ministry. The new Bethany 

Mav 1QQ? Messenper 25 

hopes to extend even in the development 
of satellite and extension locations. We 
will put students and classes in congre- 
gations. This will include, but go beyond 
field education program. The curriculum 
will be shaped in part by what issues are 
going on in these congregations." 

In this manner. Gene hopes to lead the 
seminary into an era being shaped by 
new church models, alternative styles of 
leadership, and a changing ethnic mix. 
What will this new Bethany look like? 

"It will be a different institution, with 
graduate and non-degree programs, 
participating with Education For Shared 
Ministry (EFSM), working in concert 
with a wide variety of district programs. 
It will be a different school to attend. 
There will still be a strong graduate 
academic component, but it will include 
connection with congregations with non- 
degree, continuing, and primary educa- 
tion for congregations. Many congrega- 
tions cannot or will not call a pastor with 
a graduate seminary degree. Budgetary 
constraints or a tradition of 'free 
ministry' will mean that these congrega- 

"/ love reaching the Bible, " says the new Bethany Seminary president, shown here 
with student Zandra Wagoner. "It is central in my life, in my spiritual pilgrimage. " 

tions will be served by a bi-vocational 
pastor — that is, a pastor who serves the 
congregation while being employed 

Gene made other discoveries in the 

"The congregation is different from 
the congregation of 20 years ago." 

In what ways? 

"Congregations reflect greater variety 

in culture backgrounds, in theological 
understanding, in the nature and practice 
of worship. In a word — diversity." 

Despite his excitement for the possi- 
bilities inherent in a new Bethany, Gene 
was reluctant to accept the call to 
become president of the institution. 

"I love teaching the Bible. It is central 
in my life, in my spiritual pilgrimage. 
The toughest part will be giving that up. 



"* ' —ii ^ I^MMJ— ij 

Gene Roop's predecessors 

Seven men before Gene Roop have led 
Bethany Theological Seminary. 

The institution was founded in 1905 
by Emanuel B. Hoff (1860-1928) and 
Albert Cassel Wieand (1871-1954), 
recognized by Annual Conference in 
1908, and came under its ownership and 
governance in 1925. 

In 1931 the school's name was 
changed to Bethany Biblical Seminary, 
with Bethany Bible Training School as 
an undergraduate division. In 1962 the 
training school was discontinued, and in 

1963, when the campus moved from 
Chicago's West Van Buren Street to 
suburban Oak Brook (the present 
campus), the seminary was renamed 
Bethany Theological Seminary. 

Hoff held the title of associate 
president from 1905 until his death in 
1928. Wieand was president from 1905 
until his resignation in 1932. 

In 1932 Daniel Webster Kurtz 
(1879-1949), a minister and a former 
president of McPherson (Kan.) College, 
became president. Serving through the 

E. B. Hoff 

A. C. Wieand 

difficult Depression years, he resigned 
because of ill health, in 1937. 

Rufus D. Bowman (1899-1952) 
succeeded Kurtz. A minister earlier, he 
served from 1937 until his death in 19i 
Bowman gathered a university-trained 
faculty and won ecumenical recognitio 
as a pacifist during World War II. 

Paul M. Robinson (1914-) came 
to the presidency in 1952. Previously h 
had been a minister in Philadelphia, Pa 
and Hagerstown, Md. Robinson is 
remembered for assembling a new and 

y life will be recast . . . like Bethany 
>elf. How can I maintain continuity 
hile redeploying my skills in a differ- 
it vocation? 

'My book on prayer grew out of my 
kily study of the Bible for classes. I 
ave to find a new pattern. As a friend of 
nine said, 'Now you have to be like the 
1st of us!' I'll have to find new places 
■id times to study the Scriptures." 

Gene's move to the presidency will 
ave a large void in the faculty. He has 
ught the Old Testament at Bethany 
Ince 1977. Regarding this background, 
ene comments, "It may sound trite, but 
> really appreciate the depth and 
feadth and excitement of the New 
testament, one needs to know the 
kckground of the old. 

"The power of story, the people, the 
fe of a community punctuated by sin 
id disaster and deliverance, the whole 
ariety of human experience is opened 
i the Old Testament. The New Testa- 
lent presumes you know that world, 
uilds on it, and fulfills it. The New 
testament doesn't dismiss it or ignore it. 

*£&& "#8S^ 

The pain, the joy of Exodus, the sound 
and fury of the prophets, the agony of 
the poets, all are part of the world of 
Jesus and the world of the early church. 
"Even the language of the Old Testa- 
ment is important. Hebrew is a very 
simple language compared to Greek, or 
to our western tongues. It is very picture- 
oriented. Words are used sparingly to 
stimulate the imagination. It demands 
the participation of the listener." 

p. W. Kurtz 

Rufus D. Bowman 


lene's published works include 
Living the Biblical Story; the commen- 
tary Genesis for the Believer's Church 
Bible Commentary series; the recently 
published book of prayer, Heard in Our 
Land; and Let The River Run, a guide to 
Christian stewardship. Gene sighs as he 
notes that his commentary on Ruth, 
Jonah, and Esther is only two-thirds 
finished, and will have to be shelved 
for now. 

But the customary enthusiasm returns 
to his voice when he speaks of his 
family. Daughter Tanya graduates from 

Manchester College May 24, with a 
major in elementary education and 
middle school math. Tanya specializes 
in a capella music. Her brother, Fred, a 
Manchester sophomore, plays the 
euphonium, and is majoring in "math, 
Spanish, and soccer." 

Gene credits his children's musical 
ability to his wife, Delora, who was a 
music major at Manchester. She has 
been an administrative assistant at the 
development office of Bethany Seminary 
for eight years. "It keeps her connected 
with congregations. Right now Delora 
knows more people across the denomi- 
nation than I do. She is a fantastic 

Gene likes to travel. A year's sojourn 
in England led to a later follow-up trip. 
It is to the Holy Land, most of all, that 
his heart is drawn, not only for travel but 
for spiritual renewal. 

"And I enjoy sports — tennis, mostly, 
though my son got me to play soccer 
enough to wreck my knees. I love 

Gene also enjoys reading, balancing 

Paul M. Robinson 

Warren F. Groff 

Wayne L. Miller 

Inger faculty and for presiding over 
campus move to Oak Brook. He 
med to the pastorate in 1975 and is 
f fully retired. 

barren F. Groff (1 924-), moved 
|n the office of dean to the presidency 
i975, the first president since Wieand 
called directly from a pastorate, 
jile dean, Groff had been instrumental 
bvising the curriculum to emphasize 
pquia, with students meeting weekly 
pall groups to hold each other 
puntable, to review their field 

ministry assignments, and to integrate 
faith and learning in a community of 
their peers. Groff retired from the 
presidency in 1989. 

Wayne L. Miller ( 1924-) came to the 
seminary in 1989 to serve a short-term 
presidency after a search for a long-term 
president had foundered. He had recently 
retired as president of Woodbury 
University, in California. 

Miller entered office at Bethany in a 
time of financial reverses and an unusual 
problem of a campus located on property 

too valuable to maintain. By the time of 
his April 1992 retirement, the Oak 
Brook property was up for sale and the 
seminary had begun negotiations for 
affiliation with Earlham School of 
Religion, in Richmond, Ind. 

Miller's retirement marked the end of 
an era. In remarks to the denomination's 
General Board in March, Miller made it 
clear that with the move to Earlham, 
there would be a "new Bethany," not the 
school at Oak Brook merely relocated. 
— Kermon Thomasson 

May 1992 Messenger 27 

Forward . . . seeking the mind of Christ 


"But God has so arranged the body, giving the greater honor to the inferior 
member, that there may be no dissension within the body, but the members may 
have the same care for one another. If one member suffers, all suffer together 
with it; if one member is honored, all rejoice together with it" (1 Cor. 12:24-26). 

When I was young my parents were influential in gathering our extended 
family together for an annual reunion. This reunion of diverse members of the 
family simply could not have happened without my parents acting as hosts. 
They were mediators for a celebration of family. 

Christ serves as mediator for persons above and beyond blood relation, and 
these people would not enter this community called the church without Christ's 
hosting the family reunion. 

All the congregations and districts of the Church of the Brethren are one, 
yet no two are alike, we find the unity in Christ. The scriptural foundation is a 
clause out of that great parable by the apostle Paul — that there be no division in 
the body, but that various parts should have equal concern for each other. This is 
Paul's parable of variety in unity. 

The call to this summer's 206th recorded Annual Conference reminds us 
again of our covenant relationship. We will be reminded by our host, Christ, at 
the family reunion that the love of Christ makes a visible difference in the love 
of persons. At Annual Conference we remind each other by our presence that 
our human relationships in this new community in Christ are based on the belief 
that all, no matter what their current status may be, are members of the blessed 
community (Matt. 25:40). The community — the church — is, itself, part of the 
gospel. The gospel cannot be separated from that new people of God in which 
its nature is revealed. Then, as now, the gospel is in contrast to the culture 
around it. That's why it was, and is, so attractive. These convictions lived out 
are revolutionary. 

Annual Conference — the family reunion — is a revolutionary gathering, 
stating year after year our faith that we are one body and part of the gospel. 

One of the most significant and useful services that our meeting in Annual 
Conference offers is standing as an interpreter between divergent groups that do 
not understand each other, and to help one group appreciate the other group 
more sincerely; to help each group understand the difficulties and handicaps 
under which the other group works, and slowly but surely to bring them together 
in one great fellowship in Christ. (Martin Buber defines sin as our failure to 
grant to others their pleas for community.) 

So we will gather in Richmond to renew and proclaim our unity in Christ as 
a new community. That essentially is our only reason for gathering. 

The Conference gatherings, periods of worship, preaching, singing, praying, 
hearing reports, discussing queries together, projecting mission, setting goals, 
looking at our stewardship, dedicating a new hymnal, and calling out leadership 
are all acts to affirm our union in Christ as one body. 

The unity of the body in Christ is our revolutionary call. Congregations 
should send their delegates commissioned and committed to that call. 

The Sunday before Annual Conference (June 2 1 ) pray for the unity of the 
body as we meet face to face, sisters and brothers, to renew our covenantal life 
in worship and business. 

May we go forward . . . seeking the mind of Christ. — Phyllis Carter 

Phyllis Carter is pastor of Goshen find.) City Church of the Brethren and moderator of the 1992 
Annual Conference. 

28 Messenger Mav 1992 

novels with a wide variety of non-fiction 
extending far beyond his specialty. 

The president of a seminary hitting 
the road. Gene is not unaffected by the 
chapters in Bethany's history that are 
closing. "Those who preceded us handed 
to this generation a great institution of 
theological education that, in many 
ways, has served the church magnifi- 
cently," he declares. "I want to recog- 
nize that. 

"When Bethany Theological Seminary 
leaves Chicago it will leave behind 
something very precious. We have been 
here for nearly 90 years. Various 
problems and possibilities impel us to 
leave, but we count on the promise of 
God to open the future." 

In the meantime. Gene focuses on 
"retooling" himself. He plans intense 
study in the areas of financial manage- 
ment and strategic planning. 

"It's a job far bigger than one person. I 
will depend heavily on the skills of the 
staff and the board. This is a process of 

"When I began to consider accepting 
the position of president, the search 
committee walked with me in conversa- 
tion and in prayer. We discussed 
honestly the sacrifices I would need to 
make as well as the gifts I might bring. I 
would not have been willing to take the 
job if they had not been willing to walk 
with me. 

"I have accepted the post because of 
my concerns about education, my vision, 
my desire to connect in all kinds of ways 
with the program of the Church of the 
Brethren, the teaching of the Bible, and 
because of all that Bethany has given to 
the denomination and to me." 

There can be little question that 
Bethany is in a present fraught with 
peril, but in Gene Roop's understanding 
of scripture, there is no doubt that God is 
opening a door to a new future. The new 
president is ready to lead the in- FTT 
stitution through and beyond. I ! 

Frank Ramirez is pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren, Elkhart, Ind. A freelance 
writer, he has a fortnightly column in The Elkhart 


by Robin 
Wentworth App 

There is an ancient masoch- 
istic ritual that I understand 
still survives in many parts 
of the world. It involves 
torturous labor, obsessive 
standards, compulsive 
routines, and neurotic 
motivation. It is progressive, 
predictable, debilitating, and 
ultimately self-defeating. 

Annually, sometime 
between the celebrations of 
Passover and Pentecost, 
countless proselytes rise up 
to practice this grueling, 
time-consuming, energy- 
draining, blood-sucking 
sacrament. They call it 
"spring cleaning." 

Confession time. I've 
never "spring-cleaned." And 
I don't recall that my mother 
ever "spring-cleaned," 
because if she had, I'm 
certain that I would have 
been shanghaied into it. So 
both my appreciation and 
understanding of this strange 
tradition are limited. 

Cleaning is frustration. 
When I write an article, it 
stays written. I don't pull it 
up on my computer a few 
days later and find that dust 
has settled all over it and that 
the neatly organized words 
have deteriorated into 

It is far more satisfying to 
me to put effort into doing 
things that stay done. How- 
ever, since the need for 
cleaning doesn't go away, 
every new moon I break 
down and do just enough to 
get by. And here's what I 

Once I sort through the 

accumulation and make 
decisions about what to keep 
and what to discard, once I 
put things in their proper 
place, once I get the big 
items out of the way, in 
short, once I clear out the 
clutter, the actual cleaning 
is easy. 

There are some things in 
life that just need ongoing 
attention — dishes, laundry, 
gardens, lawns, cars . . . and 
people. It would be great if 
we could nail a relationship 
in place and not give it a 
second thought for the next 
20 or 30 years, but it simply 
doesn't work that way. There 
needs to be routine mainte- 
nance and periodic "spring 

First of all, you sort 
through and decide what to 
keep and what to discard. 
You want to keep the 
memories, the unfinished 
business, the hard-won 
lessons, and the love. And 
sooner or later (if the rela- 
tionship is to be clean) you 
will need to lay aside the 
outworkings of malice, guile, 
hypocrisy, and envy ( 1 Peter 
2:1), such as petty grudges, 
unrealistic expectations, and 
unreasonable resentments. 

Next, you put things in 
their proper place. Keep in 
mind that what you do with 
your time, how you distri- 
bute your energy, and how 
you spend your money — in 
other words, where you "lay 
up your treasures " — says an 
awful lot about where your 
heart is. So set your priorities 
and align your choices 


Now you are ready to get 
the big items out of the way. 
Perhaps there are disabling 
secrets, deadly feuds, or 
deep, festering wounds 
creating solid, seemingly 
insurmountable walls. What- 
ever their nature or source, 
identify them and work 
toward resolving them. Or to 
put that in biblical terms, 
begin with confession and 
move toward forgiveness. 
You cannot proceed with 
"spring cleaning" until you 
"break down the barriers of 
dividing walls" (Eph. 2:14). 

Finally, you are ready to 
"scrub," to "dust," and to 
"polish." Note here that all 
these tasks generate friction. 
Like household cleaning, 
relationship maintenance is 
far easier and less taxing if it 
is done routinely . . . before 
there's a "pile up." And with 
the clutter out of the way, it 
can actually be enjoyable. 

I don't know if "spring 
cleaning" is part of your 
agenda this month or not. 
But if it is, while you're 
beating rugs, scrubbing base- 
boards, shampooing carpets, 
waxing floors, washing 
walls, and delving behind 
bureaus and beneath beds, 
stop and ask yourself if your 
relationship with a sibling, 
spouse, friend, or foe could 
use similar 


Robin Wentworth App is a 
therapist from Nappanee, lnd. She 
currently is serving on an interim 
pastoral team in the Nappanee 
Church of the Brethren. 

The Bible vs. the dictionary 

Peggy Reiff Miller (March, page 30) 
says that the dictionary defines Brethren 
"point-blank as 'brothers' — not 'brothers 
and sisters.' " 

In Matthew 12: 46-50 (KJV), Jesus, 
when told that his mother and his 
brethren were outside, wanting to speak 
to him, asked, "Who is my mother? and 

The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. 1L 60120. 

who are my brethren?" He pointed to his 
disciples and answered his own question: 
"Behold my mother and my brethren ! 
For whosoever shall do the will of my 
father which is in heaven, the same is 
my brother, and sister, and mother." 

That is the sense in which we use the 
name "Brethren" — dictionary definitions 
notwithstanding. If it was good enough 
for Jesus Christ, surely it is good enough 
for us. 

Milton M. Baugher 
York. Pa. 

Setting a good example 

The lovely portrait of Annual Confer- 
ence moderator Phyllis Carter on the 
February cover was an inspiration to me, 
particularly because she was not wearing 

At my last Annual Conference I saw a 
woman wearing red earrings bigger than 

A four day 
event to 
inspire and 


' Fthnir & ( 

Ethnic & Cultural 
Diversity in Our Hymns I 

An organization for 

those who take 

their congregation's 

singing seriously. 

The Hymn (the quarterly journal) offers interviews, 

history, insights, practical knowledge, 

new hymns, reviews, and more. 

Hymn Festivals 

One introducing Hymnal: A Worship Book 
Morning and Evening Worship 
Twenty Sectionals 

on hymns of many ethnic groups, along with 
practical and historical subjects for church 
musicians and clergy. 
and more 

The Hymn Society 

Annual Conference 

July 5-9, 1992 
Washington, D.C. 

Bringing together many of the 

country's top musicians, scholars, 

clergy, composers and poets. 

Anton Armstrong, Nancy Faus, 
Kenneth Nafziger, Brian Wren and many more 

For free information about 

membership, conferences 

and workshops, call 



The Hymn Society • P.O. Box 30854, Fort Worth, TX 76129 • (817) 921-7608 

a quarter. And she also was wearing a 
prayer covering! 

Earrings do not make anyone beauti- 
ful, but, rather, take away from the 
beauty within. 

Esther Hodgi 
Erie. Ka, 

Are Brethren anemic liberals? 

The last two paragraphs of the March 
article on The Brethren Church make th 
Church of the Brethren sound like 
anemic liberals who don't take the Bib! 
seriously and maybe don't believe in it. 

Calling our attitude toward the Bible 
"historical-devotional" implies that we 
see the Bible as only a historical 
document and as one among many 
devotional guides. That was not the vie 1 
of the historic Dunkers who saw the 
Bible as the Word of God; the only 
source of the knowledge of God's Son, 
Jesus Christ; and as the "rule of faith 
and practice." 

True, we don't argue about the literal 
interpretation of the Bible. We refrain 
from such practices because we take the 
Bible so seriously that we want to 
pattern our life after what is perfectly 
clear in it and leave arguing about it to 
Fundamentalists and others. 

There is an alternative to both iner- 
rancy and weak liberalism — taking the 
Bible so seriously that we try to live ant 
die by it. 

Roy A. Johnsc 
New Windsor, M, 

Disposable treasures 

In my March article, "The Treasures W> 
Choose," I intended to make reference t 
disposable razors, contacts, and camera 
(as well as diapers). 

As one who shaves every day (some- 
times twice), depends on corrective 
lenses to find my way about, and helps 
keep the mail-order photo-processing 
labs in business, I value the contribu- 
tions that these items make to my qualil 
of life. 

It is increasing attachment to their 

disposable versions that is spiritually, as 
ivell as environmentally, troublesome 
For me. 

Robbie Miller 
Bridgewater, Va. 

After the riots 

On the recent Association for Brethren 
Caregivers study tour of Nigeria, I saw 
.he aftermath of the Kano riots reported 
|n January (page 6). 

Later I talked to a Nigerian photogra- 
pher who is Christian. His life had been 
spared, but most of his equipment 
destroyed, in an earlier riot in the city of 
Bauchi. He searched for answers from 
toe to the questions his experience had 
eft with him. 

I How little the faith of us Christians in 
he United States is tested (unless not 
Deing tested is a test in itself)- We need 
o pray for that Nigerian photographer 
ind for other Christians whose faith is 
ested so severely. 

F. Wayne Lawson 
New Paris, Ind. 

Editorial worked magic 

The February editorial was "right on." 
When will we be able to turn the sports 
oiania around? I didn't want to believe 
:he billions of dollars spent on Super 
Bowl bets. 

Sarah A. Miller 
Lake Odessa, Mich. 

• Thanks for the editorial on "safe 
pex." I am glad I taught school when we 
handed out books and homework 
'assignments — not condoms. 

1 Magic Johnson was a marvelous 
'athlete, but he is not a worthy role model 
for our children. A man who admits to 
"accommodating" so many women is no 
'hero to emulate. 

Dorothy Williams 
Goshen, Ind. 

• With sexual immorality rampant in 
the world today, it was time someone 
had the courage to call extramarital and 

premarital sex a sin. 

Like the editor, I did not know who 
Magic Johnson was before the news of 
his having AIDS. I am disgusted that he 
is called "heroic." 

In the same issue of Messenger I was 
heartened by reading the Opinion pieces 
calling homosexuality what God called 
it — and still calls it — sin. 

Larry L. Ditmars 
Lincoln, Neb. 

• Magic Johnson wants to play in the 
Olympics. What would happen if a well- 
known and highly respected male 
minister retired, indicating he had tested 
HIV-positive and had had sex with many 
women? Would he be invited to preach 
occasionally and maybe even help 
inaugurate the president of the United 

Is there no concern for commitment 
between sexual partners? Magic Johnson 
appears to be a hero in sexual behavior, 

except that he forgot to "be safe." 

Most of us would not want a return to 
a puritanical, fearful approach to 
sexuality. What we do want is to feel 
respected, cared about, and valued as 
persons. Our sexual revolution has not 
enhanced our feelings of worth by 
encouraging promiscuity and one-night 

We need to find the cure for AIDS 
before Magic Johnson and millions more 
of us die from it. We also need a cure for 
our lack of commitment to treat sexual 
partners as more than objects. 

Charles L. Boxer 
La Verne, Calif. 

Don't be a color 

Michael Jackson, in his song "Black or 
White," sings "I'm not gonna spend my 
life being a color." 
He has a point. It's time for us to think 

the faith tn 
anew land 




They came by rafts over unfamiliar rivers. They came by 
literally cutting and hacking new trails into the unknown 
wilderness. They brought with them only the things they 
needed to build a new life, and always among those things 
was their faith in God and their unique brand of discipleship 
and worship. They were the early pioneers who brought the 
Church of the Brethren to Indiana where it grew and thrived. 

Using two previous histories as a foundation, this new 
book will include but also go far beyond the histories of 
individual congregations. It will also look at the great issues 
and events that shaped and molded who we are as Brethren 

Book Specifications: 6" x 9", 480 pages, hardcover. 100 photos, a Thirteen 
Lesson Study Guide will be available. 


Send inquires to: 


508 Miami Street 

North Manchester, IN 46962 

Author Stephen 
E. Bowers is 

editor at 

Mennonite Mutual 
Aid, Goshen, Ind. 
He is a former 
reporter and radio 
news director. 
Steve's heritage 
has a strong 
Church of the 
influence. He is a 
member of Goshen 
City Church of the 

of ourselves as individuals, not colors, 
hyphenated Americans, statistics, or 

It's time to be color-blind, to practice 
what Martin Luther King Jr. preached 
(see "Let Freedom Ring," January): 
Every American should be judged by his 
character, not by his color. 

College admissions and employment 

based on race and gender are unfair, 
unjust, and counterproductive. Persons 
should be selected on merit, with 
appropriate help to those in need. 
What would happen to college 
basketball or football if coaches were 
required to meet racial quotas? Universi- 
ties and government agencies would do 
well to emulate the merit system that is 

The Brethren 


A comprehensive program of insurance specifically 
designed and written for Churches of the Brethren. 

A church's insurance needs are wide and varied today. An immense re- 
sponsibility is placed on persons entrusted with the care and stewardship 
of our Brethren "meetinghouses". The Mutual Aid Association of the 
Church of the Brethren's "Churchguard" insurance package has made that 
responsibility much easier with options that can be tailored specifically for 
your church. 

Look at these features*: 

• Coverages only for Brethren, served by Brethren 

• Full replacement cost provisions 

• All types of property coverages 

• General and professional types of liability 

• Boiler coverages 

• Auto & church bus coverages 

• Pastoral professional liability 

• Bonds 

• Donated labor and sports activities medical 
payments coverages 

• Special parsonage coverages including pastor's 
personal property 

'Available in most states. 

We invite your church to participate in the Mutual Aid 
Association. Since 1885 Mutual Aid Association has been 
designing "CUSTOM COMPREHENSIVE" Insurance Pro- 
grams for the Church of the Brethren. We know and under- 
stand Brethren insurance needs. 


Mutual Aid Association 

of the Church of the Brethren 

Route 1 • Abilene, Kansas 67410 


taken for granted in sports. 

Proud Americans don't want to spend 
their lives being a color. They want to b 
self-respecting persons. 

Ernest W. Lefeve 
Washington, D.C 

Appalled by homophobia 

I am responding to James Ralph's 
February Opinion piece, "Satan Lures 
Us to Accept Gays." As a member of thi 
La Verne (Calif.) Church of the Breth- 
ren, and as a student at the University oi 
California (Santa Cruz), I am appalled 
by the homophobia that permeates our 
society and rears its ugly head in the 
denomination that I trust and love. 

Although I am heterosexual, many of 
my colleagues are not. Sin, by definitior 
is "a willful violation of some religious 
or moral principle." 

Homosexuality is not a choice, just as 
heterosexuality is not a choice. God 
created all people as individuals. God 
created homosexuals, just as he created 

As intelligent human beings, we have 
decisions to make. Acting or not acting 
upon our sexual tendency is the choice 
that is to be made. We can make 
decisions independently and take 
responsibility for our actions, or we can 
blame our actions on Satan or "the wiles 
of the serpent." 

I accept as equals all people, includin; 
homosexuals. I know in my heart that it 
is God speaking to me and not Satan. 

If the Church of the Brethren practice; 
what it preaches, it will have an open 
mind. If the God we worship considers 
homosexual acts to be sinful, then 
maybe we need to re-evaluate the kind 
of "God" we worship. 

Jana Carte 
Santa Cruz, Calij 

• I had to double-check to see if I was 
reading Messenger or the Fundamental 
ist Journal when I got to the letters in 
the March issue. Are we noncreedal, 
nondogmatic people on the way ... or 
do we have all the answers? 

Never have I read words more 


Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint "Pontius ' Puddle "from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is over 5001 for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann, III Carter Road, Goshen, IN 46526. 

jidgmental, arrogant, and dogmatic than 
nese jeremiads against homosexuals. 
And I thought I lived in the capital of 

; Especially troublesome was Yvonne 
judy's letter. She declares homosexuals 
ick and unwilling to change to fit her 
'iases of what is healthy. She allows 
iomosexuals to be part of the church, 
ut not too much. 

i She also knows (I would like to know 
\ow) that Jesus was not gay. Nothing in 
(ie gospels gives us the needed data to 
pake that call about Jesus' sexual 
jrientation (which I assume he had, 
ince Christianity has considered him to 
e fully human). 

Yvonne Judy's statement "We had 
letter stop homosexuality before it is too 
ate" sounds like desperate language 
rom a segment that once was in control 
nd now sees that domination threatened 
y "those people." A similar closing 
^mark also has been used against Jews, 
Turks, African-Americans, women, left- 
anded people, and others, 
i Often we believe that people "can live 
l freedom if they live like me." To love 
jS Jesus calls us to love, we must refuse 
p erect our own opinions as a standard 
or others. We have much to learn from 
lose we often misunderstand or hate the 
lost — those we consider sick or a 

Tom Bryant 
Lynchburg, Va. 

• I was dismayed by the woeful 
gnorance of the letter-writers in the 
4arch issue who call us to "take a stand 
n homosexuals." Vile emotions against 
ays usually are focused on three 
ssues — sin, choice, and conversion. 
. Few people seem to understand the 
ifference between homosexual orienta- 
!on and homosexual behavior. One's 
exual orientation (homo- or hetero-) is a 
'art of who you are. 

Tell me, when did you choose to be a 
iieterosexual? At what point did you 
,aake that decision? 

: I know that / never made the choice; 
jieterosexual is what I always have been. 
Vhen you say that homosexuality is a 
•hoice, you must realize that you could 


kc I iniii ni 

One Step at a Time 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 


a t^ a < 

m\ 1 fl 


Barry McMillan, sophomore at McPherson CoEege, poses with his parents, Bob and 
Barbara McMillan, Parsons, Kansas. The McMillans are members of the Parsons 
Church of the Brethren. 

"Genuine caring and goodwill exists on the campus of McPherson College, both from a per- 
sonal and professional standpoint. The one-on-one consideration given each student is out- 
standing. " 

— Bob and Barbara McMillan 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 


Yes, I want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 

Address . 


Phone i_ 

. State . 

. Zip. 

. Year of Graduation . 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, 
P.O. Box 1402, McPherson, KS 67460 or 
U collect (316) 241-0731. 

ierson College does not discriminate on the 
of race, religion, sex. color, national origin, or physical/emotional stability 

May 1992 Messenger 33 



Thursday, July 2, 1992, 5 p.m. 

Annual Conference 
Richmond, Virginia 

National Public Radio's 


Host of "Weekend Edition" 

Music by Encore, 

a Bridgewater College 

alumni quartet: 

Jim Bryant, Earl Rowland, 

Jerry Wampler, Edgar Wilkerson 

Scott Simon 

just as easily have made the same 
choice. If it is a choice for gays, th 
is a choice for straights as well. 

Sexual orientation is not a choic 
So, since it is not a choice, how ca 
a sin? 

I have learned from psychologis 
it is as easy for heterosexuals to "c 
to be homosexual as it is for homo 
als to "convert" to heterosexuality 
other words, it is virtually impossi 

Conversion to a changed orienta 
not an option; all you can change i 
sexual behavior. Asking gays to "c 
vert" is asking them to live lives w 
integrity. We don't treat other min 
with such a lack of understanding i 
compassion. It is time we lived up 
recommendations in our 1983 Stat 
on Human Sexuality and engaged 
dialog and education. 

Abingdon Press has published a 
book, Can Homophobia Be Cured. 
eager to read it. The promotional t 



Visit our community soon and see how affordable and exciting retirement living can be! 

• Cottages • Personal Care • Apartments 

• Intermediate Nursing Care 

• Skilled Nursing Care 


P.O. BOX 128 



Carl E. Herr, President 

Retire to a comfortable, secure community offering lifestyle 
choices to fit your needs. Beautiful rural campus convenient 
to shopping and recreation. Accredited by the Continuing 
Care Accreditation Commission of the American Association of 
Homes for the Aging. 

Please send me more information: 

□ Cottages □ Apartments D Personal Care □ Nursing Care 




. State . 

■ Zip. 


from Eerdmans 


Stewardship and the Biblical Story 
Eugene F. Roop 

"A welcome addition to the 
growing list of creative new 
resources on stewardship. It 
displays a wonderful ability 
to retell biblical stories in 
ways that force us to give 
them new attention and in 
so doing to see the chal- 
lenge of stewardship in a 
new light. This booK will 
prove invaluable for 
stewardship studies in the 
life of the church." 


"Raises important issues in 
stewardship from a solidly 
biblical base. On top of 
that, the book is written un- 
derstandably. It is rare to find spiritual depth and 
intellectual insights written with such clarity by a 
highly respected academician. Gene Roop has 
succeeded beautifully." —HERBERT MATHER 
ISBN 0-8028-0609-0 
Paper, $9.95 


Stewardship of Creation 
Edited by Loren Wilkinson 

"When the first edition of 
this book came out in 1980, 
few people were discussing 
the environment — then it 
was prescient. Now it is 



"Represents true steward- 
ship of Creation — moti- 
vated by Biblical and 
spiritual truth, and in- 
formed by scientific under- 
standing of how the world 


"A solid theological founda- 
tion, incisive analysis, and 
practical suggestions make 

this an invaluable book." 


ISBN 0-8028-0534-5 

Paper, $19.95 

Also available from Eerdmans: 


Essays on the Gospel and the Earth 
Edited by Wesley Granberg-Michaelson 

"A superb resource for getting the church 
to think seriously about preserving and 
celebrating God's creation." 

ISBN 0-8028-0230-3 

Paper, $9.95 


A Biblical Symbol Come of Age 
Douglas John Hall 

"If a person can read only one book on 
stewardship, this should be the book." 


ISBN 0-8028-0472-1 

Paper, $14.95 

Douglas John Hall 

"This is not a book to be scanned or even 
read. It is a book to be studied and pondered 
until its insights sink into us and begin to 
shape our understanding of Christian mission." 

ISBN 0-8028-0354-7 

Paper, $9.95 

Ronald E. Vallet 

"This excellent book not only helps us un- 
derstand what Christian stewardship is but 
suggests ways that the concept of stewardship 
may be taught more effectively." 


ISBN 0-8028-0464-0 

Paper, $12.95 





A BHxai Symbol Comeaf Agp 






John Reumann 


At your bookstore, 

or call 800-253-7521 

FAX 616-459-6540 




May 1992 Messenger 35 

Church Si 


From the 



America's Church Sign Company 




asks, "What will the church do with the 
growing scientific evidence that same- 
sex orientation is neither an illness nor a 
matter of choice? What will the church 
do with the growing realization that gays 
and lesbians are not a 'they,' but a 'we'? 
What if the real sin is not homosexual- 

Serve with MESSENGER as an 
editorial assistant for one year or 
more. Position description 
adjusted to fit your skills and 
interests. Journalism training 
required. Experience with a 
magazine or newspaper preferred. 
Intern serves through Brethren 
Volunteer Service (BVS) program. 


Kermon Thomasson, editor 

\ Messenger 

1451 Dundee Ave. 
Elgin, IL 60120 

Tel. (800) 323-8039 

ity, but homophobia?" 

What if it is, indeed? Gives us 
something to think about, doesn't it 


Hammering on wrong forge 

It is paradoxical that one who claim 
New Testament as his only creed w- 
question some of the basic evangeli 
teachings of that same book. (See 
"Brethren and Evangelical: Is the Fi 
Good One?," February.) 

Rick Gardner offers human reasoi 
as the basis for accepting or rejectin 
biblical doctrines. Since when is 
"dialog" and "open-minded convers 
tions" with the many "Brethren voii 
out there the forge on which truth is 
hammered out? 

It is this kind of reasoning and lac 
biblical authority that causes some 
Brethren to continue to search for tl 


725 S. Pine Street, Sebring, FL 33870 

Ruth Lewis. Administrator 
(813)382-4440 385-0161 1-800-248-2681 

(in Florida) 

Independent Living • Assisted Living • Nursing Care 

THE PALMS OF SEBRING is located in the "HEARTLAND" of Florida, where a small-town 
atmosphere still prevails. 

A Leasing Program provides full services and amenities with available emergency and 
health care, on site. There are planned social and recreational programs to enjoy. 


For detailed information, write: 

ACLF #4693 

Marketing Office 
725 S. Pine Street 
Sebring, FL 33870 

36 Messenger May 1992 


JUNE 1992 

regular price $14.95 

pre-paid order price $13.50 

through May 31, 1992 

This hymn text by Fred Pratt Green, 
titled "New Year Greeting from 
Prison," is based on Dietrich 
Bonhoeffer's 1945 New Year mes- 
sage smuggled out of prison to his 
friends. For Bonhoeffer, the 
theologian martyred during World 
War II, it was his last New Year's Eve. 
The author was invited by Erik Rout- 
ley to create a poetic translation of 
the text for Cantate Domino, an inter- 
national ecumenical hymnal. The 
fifth and final stanza of the poem fre- 
quently is omitted. This strong expres- 
sion of faith and hope in adversity is 
a marvelous addition to our contem- 
porary hymnody. 

The tune INTERCESSOR was com- 
posed for the hymn text "O Word of 
Pity, For Our Pardon Pleading" by 
Ada R. Greenway. It appeared in the 
1904 edition of Hymns Ancient and 

to order call 

1 800 323-8039 

1 800 743-2484 

1 800 245-7894 

By gracious powers 

INTERCESSOR 11 10. 11 10 

1 B 

2 Y 

3 A 

4 Y 

5 < 

* 4 

y g 1 

st i 

nd wr 
?t wh 

f- i 

1 J 

» _J. 

■a - cious 
5 this 
en this 
en a - 

. J 

powers so won - der - ful - ly 
heart by its old foe tor - 
cup you give is filled to 
gain in this same world you 

ifr r l t J r i 

shel - ter'd, 
ment - ed, 
3rim - ming 
give us 

J 2 





I [■ 


and con 
still e 

with bit 

the joy 

■ fi 

dent - ly 
days bring 
sor - row, 
had, the 

i i I i m 

wait - ing come what may, 

bur - dens hard to bear. 

hard to un - der - stand, 

bright - ness of your sun, 


f i p \j f r m 



tr I I i i j j § 



that God is with 

our fright -ened souls 

it thank - ful - ly 

re - mem - ber all 





I I 

us night and morn - ing, 

the sure sal - va - tion, 

and with - out trem - bling, 

the days we lived through, 

•P- -P- 

% m a i |i- r-H r N 1 1 1 - " 

and nev - er fails to greet us each new day. 

for which, O Lord, you x taught us to pre - pare, 

out of so good and so be - lov'd a hand, 

and our whole life shall then be yours a - lone. 



lext: Based on Ephewans 5:20, Dteffich Bonhofler, 1945. Cost of Oiscipkship, 2nd erf. 1959; 6. f«d Prart Green, Ctnuie Domno. 1974 

Copyright ei974 Hope Publishing Co. 
Music: Charles K. H. Parry, Hymns Ancient and Mode/n, 1 904 

This hymn may be reproduced for one-time use by a congregation. 

May 1992 Messenger 37 


identity after 2.000 years. 

All scripture is God-breathed and 
useful for teaching, rebuking, and 
correcting, and for training in right 
living, so that the person of God may 
be thoroughly equipped for every good 

Mv other chief disasreement with 

From the 

Office of Human Resources 

Associate General Secretary. 

Parish Ministries Commission/Brethren 

Press Publisher 

Full-time position. 


— administer the work of Parish Ministries 

Commission and its staff 
— give leadership through service on Adminis- 
trative Council. Goals & Budget Committee. 

and Planning Coordinating Committee 
— administrative & management skills: at least 

5 > ears management experience 
— ten or more years of denominational 

leadership experience 
— Master of Divinity degree or equivalent 
For additional information contact: 

Dale E. Minnich 

1451 Dundee Ave. 

Elgin. PL 60120 
Deadline: Ma\ 10. 1992 or until position is 

Evangel 21 

A quarterly magazine for members 
of the Church of the Brethren 

Toll-free subscription line 
1 ■800-742-0278 

10 a.m. to 5 p.m. E.S.T/C.D.T. 
Subscription rates: 
One year $10 Two years $18 
Three years $26 Lifetime $150 

Credit card orders only, please. 
Please have your card handy when calling. 

Gardner is that he assumes a superior 
attitude of his "Brethren evangelicals" 
over other evangelicals because some 
evangelicals run down those who 
disagree with their doctrines. 

As a pastor for several years in the 
Church of the Brethren and other 
denominations. I observe that only a 
nucleus of members in any church really 
practices what they preach. Recently our 
church was ran down by a zealous, 
bearded Brethren who accused us of 
"worshiping the flag" because we have 
the United States flag up front in our 

Gene A. Burry 
Waterloo. Iowa 

We don't like that ad 

Regarding the March classified ad 
seeking gay Manchester College alumni: 

The church is to be redemptive. 
Where sins of the flesh are involved. 
Jesus is the answer and has freed many 
who were trapped in such sins. The 
Scriptures teach love, forgiveness after 
repentance, and a changed life. 

This ad does damage by implying that 
the Church of the Brethren accepts and 
upholds homosexuality as a normal 
alternative lifestyle. It is not. according 
to scripture. 

Was Manchester College approached 
before this ad was printed? (The ad was 
placed by a Manchester College faculty 
member. Tlie college did not endorse 
it. — Ed.) 

The Church of the Brethren is based 

on the Word of God. There is not one 
shred of evidence in that Word approv- 
ing homosexual lifestyle. 

We oppose this ad and any policy of 
Messenger or Manchester College thai 
would approve of it. 

Progressive Builders Cla 

Peru Church of the Brethn 

Peru. In 

• Messenger has a lax ad policy (set 
letter above ) and owes Manchester 
College and its alumni an abject apol- 

Brethren in this area will get a 
completely w rong impression of what 
the college and the denomination stand 
for because of carelessness at best, and 
greed at w orst. on the part of those w ho 
should know better at Messenger. 

J. Dana Kintn 
Lacev. Was 


Helping people in the CIS 

I was delighted to read in the April 
Messenger (page 7) that the Church 
the Brethren is helping to set up an 
agricultural exchange program in the 
Commonw ealth of Independent States. 
Having tw ice spent time in the forme 
Soviet Union. I know that only good ca 
come from our work among our suffer- 
ing brothers and sisters there. My heart 
goes out to the people of the CIS. and I 
am thrilled that my denomination is 
ministering to them. 

David J. Mort 
Toledo. Oh 


TRAVEL— Time is running out Experience Magic of the 
Alps in 1992. Austria Switzerland and Bavarian Germany 
most beautiful spots in Europe. Enjoy all three on tour Aug. 
1 3-26. 1 992. Alternative date Aug. 20-Sept. 2. 1 992. Hosted 
by Frank Miller, retired Purdue Extension Agent Arranged 
by Rural Route Tours. Visit Munich. Rothenburg. Zermat (at 
foot of Matterhorn). St. Moritz. Innsbruck. Vienna. 
Oberammergau. Salzburg, Geneva. Augsburg, Frankfurt 
Ride famous Glacter Express. Visit a family in Bavarian 
Alps. View ancient castles, quaint villages fr. riverboat deck 
on deightful blue Danube cruise. First-class hotels, buffet 
breakfast 3-course dinner daily except Vienna. Full-time 
professional English-speaking Tou r Manager. Contact Frank 
Miller. 317 Hickory Ln.. North Manchester. IN 46962. Tel. 
(219) 982-4529. 

38 Messenger Mav 1992 

TRAVEL— Back pack trail hikes. Adults and youth are 
invited to join 1 1 other persons mountain trekking in wilder- 
ness or national park in Washington Cascades. Outdoor 
Ministries Association sponsored. August 8-14: Wonder- 
land Trail on ML Rainier August 17-22: The Enchantments 
in Alpine Lakes Wilderness. Cost $125. one hike. S200. 
both hikes. Registration deadline: July 10. Contact Marvin 
Thill. R.R. 5. Box 950. Warrensburg. MO 64093. Tel. (816) 

FOR SALE— Commemorative and customized church plates, 
mugs. T-shirts and sportswear made special for your church 
by Brethren family. Use for gifts, fund-raisers. Contact Dodd 
Studios. 2841 Beteir Drive. Bowie. MD 20715. Tel. (301) 

WANTED— Experienced knitters to make sample garmal 
for my shop using fine quality, natural fiber yams in wot 
cotton, mohair, silk-blends, etc. I furnish yam. patterns, a 
get use of garment for display. You earn a fee for ea 
garment and/or get garment back after being display 
Work in your home and exchange yam. garments by iM 
Contact Jan Micheel. Knrt-Wrt. 1815 S. Ridgeview ft 
Oathe. KS 66062. Tel. (913) 780-5648. 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga. join Faithful Servant Chul 
of the Brethren for 10 am. church school and 11 aj 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trai R 
and I-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact pastor D 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796. or John and Debbie Harmt 
(404) 448-9092. 5584 Wdmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092. 


Mile, At!. N.E.: Winston & 

Elsie Heisey, James & 

(Deborah McKinney 

elope Park, W. Plains: 

JRoylynn & Dee Sullivan 

[idts, S. Pa.: Larry, Cheryl, & 

I\utumn Young 

Iter Hill, W. Pa.: Nick, Kathy. 

flfc Trevor Carlesi, Beverly 

Bowser, Scott Smith, Dorothy 


\o Gordo, Ill.AVis.: Samuel & 

(Rosemary Brandenburg, 
^loyd & Jean Blair, Bill & 
tackie Gentry, Jamie Gentry, 
leff & Kim Powers 
st Our Shepherd Fellow- 
ship, S/C Ind.: Robert & Julie 
iirr, Daniel & Wanda Brum- 
leld, Blanche Haycock, Jamie 
St Kathi Kuster, Tray & Leada 
'helps, Karen Pratt, Carolyn 
iharp. Shelly & Sarah 
■loover, Scott Stiles, Tom & 
3ambi Pitman 
ngton, S. Ohio: Beth Bay- 
nan, Mauriena Cain, Delbert 
fe Brenda Eshelman, Doug & 
3onna Mertz, Richard Rice 
is Center, N. Plains: 
)enise Eby 
wood, N. Ohio: Mike 

burg, N. Ohio: Rose Dicker- 
loof, T. J. & Becky Wartluft 
nantown Brick, Virlina: 
eff Boudreaux 
ncastle, S. Pa.: Willis & 
^ucretia Ritchey, Shelly & 
Shannon Barvinchack, Calvin 
k Dorothy Hausenfluck, 
)orothy DeWalt, Jenni Kiser, 
'amela & Rodger Naugle, 
-isa Suite, Jason Reeder, 
Andrea & Billy Russell, 
vlatthew Timmons, Susan 
iorst, Rodney & Brenda Lee 
jrenke, Burt & Miranda 
-leckman. Robert Witmer, 
onathan Furukawa 
swell, Virlina: James & Linda 
tlcElhannon, Debra 
Drumpler, Vema, Dennis, & 
■teal Hock, Travis & Julie 
tarr, Tara Pennington, Cathy 
kick, Andy Eure 
er, N. Plains: David & 
folanda Butler, Jerry & Chris 

view, Mich.: Ethel Dauter- 
nan, Lisa, Sara, & Joyce 
fzenbaard, Jim Nestor 
peter, Atl. N.E.: John & 
:velyn Burkholder, J. 
Michael Burkholder, Cindy 
iurkhart, Mary Harnish, 
Cynthia Little, J. Donald & 
luth Miller 

nersville, M. Pa.: Mary Jane 

non, Shen.: Nelson & Helen 
-line, Teresa Showalter 
herson, W. Plains: Bryan & 
)awn Harper, Maria Koehn, 
jlen & Mona Wallace, Beth 

nt Morris, IlL/Wis.: Henry & 
-ucille Stuit 

pa, Idaho: Heather Brown 
Paris, N. Ind.: Nicholas & 
Vlyssa Juday, Greg & Nancy 

Mcintosh, Terry Cross 

Oakland, S. Ohio: Ed Ball, Carrie 
Bernhard, Kimberly Brewer, 
Cindi, David, Janice, & Shara 
Carter, Julie Eikenberry, 
Daniel & Kimberly Ernst, 
Roberta Fair, Martha Francis, 
Christy Hollinger, Joan 
Hufford, Roger Hutchinson, 
Connie & Zane Keller. Janni- 
fer Kennedy, Greg & Paula 
Maurer, Emily North, Alwilda 
& Jerry Powell, Trace Snyder, 
Mary Jane & Robert Weaver 

Panorama City, Pac. S.W.: Gary 
Barcus, James Hutchinson, 
Nancy Librande, David & 
Christina Price, Daniel Sykes, 
Ken White 

Paradise, N. Ohio: Marie De- 
Rodes, Cindy Fisher, Ethel 
Irvin, Angela & Scotty Keith, 
Debbie, Diane, Jodi, & 
Jonathan Luke, Ruth Leaman, 
Joshua, Suzanne, & Tim 

Pulaski County, Virlina: Walter 
Felts, Patricia Graham, Joyce 
Arehart, Alfred & Sally 
Farley, Richard Dickerson 

Scalp Level, W. Pa.: Bryan & 
Heather Pritt, David & 
Richelle Bukovitz, James 
O'Hara, Jeanna & Nick Rizzo, 
Sara Woodcock, Brett Lovern 

Sebring, Atl. S.E.: Maynard 

Coppock, Jerel & Dawn Eller, 
Mildred Filler, Mary Helen 
Fosdick, Jim, Sue, Laurie, 
Bruce, Dorie, & Graham 

Skyridge, Mich.: Gaye Hurtig, 
Jack & Susan VanAvery, 
Ineke Way, Joy Porter 

Tyrone, M. Pa.: Maxwell & 
Florence Beringer, John & 
Mischelle Nalley 

200th BVS 
Orientation Unit 

(Orientation completed Jan. 25, 


Arrillaga, Bobbi, Fremont, Calif., 

to Gould Farm, Monterey, 

Barwick, Lisa, Stratford, London, 

to Friends of the Third World, 

Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Beartb, Kurt, Marbach, Switzer- 
land, to Casa de Modesto, 

Modesto, Calif. 
Bryan, Nat, Decatur, Ind., to 

Church of the Brethren Youth 

Services, Leola, Pa. 
Czesnel, Edyta, Skierniewicz, 

Poland, to Neighborhood 

Services, Columbus, Ohio 
Dellett-Wion, Timothy & Cindi, 

North Manchester, Ind., to 

Queen Louise Home, St. 

Croix, V.I. 
Eller, Michelle, Portland, Ore., to 

Iowa Peace Network, Des 

Moines, Iowa 
Grubb, Sue, Elizabethtown, Pa., 

to Queen Louise Home, St. 

Croix, V.I. 
Hawkins, Teresa, Middlebury, 

Ind., to Casa de Esperanza de 

los Nifios, Houston, Texas 
Hite, John, Winston-Salem, N.C., 

to Victor Howell House, 

Washington, D.C. 

Kane, Charles. Anchorage, 
Alaska, to EYFA Interna- 
tional. Sittard, Netherlands 

Loose, Valleri, Woodbury, Pa., to 
Camp Courageous, 
Monticello, Iowa 

Meredith, David, Richmond, Ind., 
to Kilcranny House, 
Coleraine, Northern Ireland 

Noffsinger, Leigh, Gulf Shores, 
Ala., to Friendship Day Care, 
Inc., Hutchinson, Kan. 

O'Donnell, Timothy, Junction 
City, Wis., to Protestant 
Catholic Encounter, Belfast, 

Reichardt, Amy, Souderton, Pa., 
to Bread & Roses, Olympia, 

Shively, Suellen, North Man- 
chester, Ind., to Messenger, 
Elgin, III. 

Smith, Andrew, Northfield 
Birmingham, England, to 
Serve, Inc., Manassas, Va. 

Suor, Julia, Bellevue, Wash., to 
Gould Farm, Monterey, Mass. 

Weaver, Meva, Chillicothe, Ohio, 
to Omega House, Houston, 


Barnes, Jeffrey, licensed Oct. 25, 

1991, Fresno, Pac. S.W. 
Coleman, David, licensed Oct. 25, 

1991, Fresno, Pac. S.W. 
Harness, Charles, ordained Feb. 1, 

1992, Morgantown, W. Marva 
Meyers, Darlene. ordained Jan. 

11, 1992, Good Shepherd, 


Bell, David, from secular to 
Newton, W. Plains 

Chinworth, James, from secular 
to Mountville, Atl. N.E. 

Johnson, Jeffrey H., from secular 
to York-Madison Ave., S. Pa. 

Knepper, Roger C, from 

Westmont, W. Pa., interim, to 
Westmont, W. Pa. 

Kulpe, David, from seminary to 
Birmingham-Sun Valley, S.E. 

Norsworthy, Rolan, from secular 
toClovis, S. Plains 

Peters, Donald, from Nanty Glo, 
W. Pa., to Raven Run, M. Pa. 

Resh, Timothy, from secular to 
Brothersvalley, W. Pa. 

Rulon, Dale, from other denomi- 
nation to Kent, N. Ohio 

Sollenberger-Morphew, Beth, 
from Mack Memorial, S. 
Ohio, to Hagerstown, Mid- 

Sollenberger-Morphew, Tim, 
from West Charleston, S. 
Ohio, to Hagerstown, Mid- 

Waugh, William A., from 
Mohrsville, Atl. N.E., to 
Greensburg, W. Pa. 

Whalen, Steven D., from secular 
to Freeburg, N. Ohio 

VVilhelm, Dawn, from secular to 
Huntingdon-Stone, Atl. N.E. 

Zimmerman, Robert S.. from 
other denomination to First- 
Philadelphia, Atl. N.E. 


Crispen, Francis and Roxie, Flora, 

Ind., 50 
Grubb, Harlen and Mildred. 

Smithville, Ohio, 60 
Horner, Lloyd and Helen, Kansas 

City, Kan., 50 
Jonas, Lilburn and Florence. Blue 

Ridge, Va., 50 
Kinzer, Helen and Robert, 

Coffeyville, Kan., 55 
Leight, Jay and Mary, Chambers- 
burg, Pa., 55 
Middlekauff, John and Hilda, 

Sebring. Fla., 55 
Over, Kenneth and Madge, 

Woodbury, Pa., 50 
Rodgers, Wilbur and Margaret, 

Andover, Ohio, 55 
Ruff, Carlton and Hilda, Broad- 
way, Va., 50 
Stinebaugh, Vernon and Angela. 

North Manchester, Ind., 50 
Wyies, James and Ida, Roaring 

Spring. Pa., 50 
Zimmerman, Carl and Geneva, 

Blue Ridge, Va., 60 


Annis, Patricia. 49, St. Petersburg, 

Fla., Mar. 25, 1991 
Arnold, Mabel, 93. Mountain 

Lake Park. Md., Feb. 10, 1992 
Ballard, H. William, 79. Mount 

Morris, 111., Aug. 26, 1991 
Beam, Gladys, 72, Leola, Pa., 

Dec. 21, 1991 
Beckner, Howard, 90. La Veme, 

Calif., Feb. 10, 1992 
Bratton, George, 68, Pulaski. Va., 

Jul. 9, 1991 
Brehm, Foster, 76, Windber, Pa„ 

Feb. 21, 1992 
Brubaker, Paul S., 94, Dalton, 

Ohio, Feb. 9, 1992 
Buckwalter, Joel Jr., Leola. Pa.. 

Dec. 20. 1991 
Clark, Lois. 87. Salem, Ohio, Sep. 

4, 1991 
Cooper, Ida, 96, Pulaski. Va., Jul. 

17, 1991 
Crist, Harold H., 83. Scott City. 

Kan., Dec. 25, 1991 
Diehl, Donald, 75, Mount Morris, 

III., Nov. 5. 1991 
Ebert, Elsie T., 91. Coopersburg. 

Pa. Jan. 16, 1992 
Eitniear, Forest, 87, Defiance, 

Ohio.Jun. 23, 1991 
Fox, Olen A., 83, Waynesboro, 

Pa.. Jan. 15. 1992 
Garkey, Ernest. 96, Leaf River, 

111., Aug. 1, 1991 
Garst, Orpha. 81, Trotwood, 

Ohio, Oct. 23, 1991 
Getz, Marguerite, 90. Wichita. 

Kan., Jan. 11, 1992 
Godwin, Don M., 72, Glenside, 

Pa., Feb. 3, 1992 
Good, Rachel B„ 95, Waynes- 
boro, Pa., Jan. 31, 1992 
Gorman, Sarah. 103, Waynes- 
boro, Pa., Jan. 17, 1992 
Graybill, Paul J., 91, Brandord, 

Conn., Jan. 29. 1992 
Greene, Olive. 83. Mount Morris, 

111.. Jan. 18, 1992 
Harman, Hylton. 82, Kansas City. 

Kan., Feb. 10, 1992 
Harper, Lucille, 73, Battle Creek, 

Mich., Jan. 29. 1992 

Hayes, Edwin, 73. Willingboro, 

N.J., Feb. 15, 1992 
Hecker, Leon T.. 66. Pearl City. 

111., Nov. 14, 1991 
Heid, Doris A., 57, Mount Morris, 

111., Aug. 26, 1991 
Hess, Ruth S.. 89. Leola, Pa., Dec. 

18, 1991 
Hoslelter, Minnie. 87. Lebanon. 

Pa.. Dec. 16, 1991 
Huffman. Nelson T., 90, Bridge- 
water, Va., Feb. 14. 1992 
Jarrells, Cecile, 53. Hiwassee, 

Va..Jun. 5, 1991 
Kingery, Leah, 48, McPherson, 

Kan., Feb. 6, 1992 
Koser, Melvin. 71, Narvon, Pa.. 

Jan. 16, 1992 
Langof, Ethel E., 99, Indianapolis, 

Ind., Sep. 16, 1991 
Lecklider, Esther. 75. Bradford, 

Ohio, Jan. 14. 1992 
Lehan, Edwin A., 39. York, Pa.. 

Jan. 25. 1992 
McNeil, Arthur. 76. Battle Creek, 

Mich.. Sep. 27, 1991 
Miller, Florence, 93. Mount 

Morris, 111., Jan. 5. 1992 
Miller, Norman, 78, Covington, 

Ohio, Jan. 6, 1992 
Miller, Ray, 66, Palmyra. Pa., Sep. 

23, 1991 
Nelson, Vesper, 81, St. Petersburg. 

Fla., Dec. 8, 1991 
Noll, Florence. 93. Sabillasville, 

Md..Jan. 28, 1992 
Petry, Delbert. 65. Covington, 

Ohio, Jan. 31, 1992 
Punckes, Cordelia, 78. Defiance, 

Ohio, Apr. 13, 1991 
Quintier, Thomas, 83. Tucson, 

Ariz., Aug. 25, 1991 
Rakes, Charles, 79, Pulaski. Va., 

Oct. 5, 1991 
Reed, Alice J., 79. Polo, III., Dec. 

23, 1991 
Rowe, Dorothy L., 7 1 , Dallas 

Center, Iowa, Feb. 19, 1992 
Schechter, J. Ray. 87. Worthing- 

ton, Minn., Feb. 23, 1992 
Sell, Harry, 75, Martinsburg, Pa., 

Feb. 12. 1992 
Sell, Roy. 94. Hollidaysburg. Pa., 

Jan. 12. 1992 
Shope, Ann. 68. Palmyra, Pa., Oct. 

3, 1991 
Sisco, Albert. 81. Oakwood, Ohio. 

Aug. 3, 1991 
Sproul, James. 78, St. Petersburg. 

Fla., Oct. 6, 1991 
Trail, William, 40. Hiwassee, Va., 

Feb. 18. 1992 
Waas, Benaih, 97, Glendale, 

Ariz.. Feb. 7, 1992 
Waller, Florence. 74, Defiance, 

Ohio, Jan. 3. 1992 
Walter, Roy, 77. Defiance, Ohio. 

Feb. 20, 1992 
Wentling, Oliver, 76. Annville, 

Pa., Feb. 25. 1992 
Williams, Jon A., 52. York, Pa.. 

Feb. 20, 1992 
Wingard, Eugene. 83. Ontario, 

Calif., Feb. II, 1992 
Witmer, Roy. 75. New Holland. 

Pa.. Nov. 16. 1991 
Yeager, Raymond. 83, Chambers- 
burg, Pa.. Sep. 25. 1991 
Yenser, Herald. 74. Oakwood. 

Ohio, Mar. 29. 1991 
Zeigler, Florence M.. 76. Dun- 

cansville. Pa., Oct. 8, 1991 
Zellers, Lucille. 78, Mount 

Morris, 111., Dec. 12, 1991 


Bethany Seminary: Fond recollection 

A lively discussion is underway in the seminary 
classroom. The professor is animated. And the 
animation is contagious, drawing the students 
into the learning process, exercising their skills as 
nascent theologians. The young professor 
abandons his desk and strides out among his 
charges, increasing the momentum of the 
discussion like a conductor leading an orchestra 
toward a crescendo. 

A student asks just the right question. The 
excited professor recognizes an opportunity to 
make a vital point. He propels himself toward the 
chalkboard, talking over his shoulder as he dashes 
forward. He gropes for chalk while keeping his 
face toward the class, words spilling from his 
mouth faster than he can marshal them into 
complete sentences. 

A new seminarian grabs his pen and holds it 
poised over his notebook. It is apparent to him 
that a moment of truth literally has arrived. Some 
brilliant jewel of theological thought is about to 
appear on that chalkboard. He is ready to transfer 
it to his own keeping. 

The blind fingers of the excited professor 
finally make contact with a piece of chalk. Still 
talking rapidly, he lifts his trembling hand and 
starts to write. But his agitated brain short- 
circuits. The signal to his hand fails. Only a 
scrawl appears on the chalkboard, slowly mean- 
dering downward while the spoken words race 
on. The professor absent-mindedly drops the 
chalk onto the tray, unaware that there is nothing 
on the board to be transferred to notebooks. 

The discussion goes on. The new seminarian 
learns that in this professor's class, it pays to give 
attention to the spoken words, not the written 
words ... or half-written words. 

The seminary was Bethany Theological 
Seminary. The professor was Bob Neff. The new 
seminarian was I. 

While photographer Nguyen Van Gia posed 
the seminary's new president for this month's 
Messenger cover photo, Gene Roop and I 
reminisced about those heady days at Bethany in 
the mid-1960s . . . when the campus was new, the 
faculty was young, brilliant, and energetic, and 
the student body comprised the brightest and the 
best. (Hey, out of us came the present dean and 
this new president, didn't they?) 

Reading Frank Ramirez' article about 
Gene Roop produced some pain for me, and I 
suspect it did as well for many other Bethany 
alumni who are conscious of their debt to the 

seminary for the excellent training it offered 
them. The pain is that of saying good-bye. 

Bethany is going on a journey, as the title of 
the Roop story suggests. An era is ending. What 
will emerge when the seminary leaves Oak Brook 
and settles elsewhere (presumably at Earlham 
School of Religion, in Richmond, Ind.) will be a 
"new Bethany." We say good-bye to the old 
Bethany and wait with eager anticipation to greet 
the new. 

President Roop, his faculty, staff, and board, 
have a heavy task before them, shaping the new 
seminary as an effective tool for leadership train- 
ing in the Church of the Brethren. Gene Roop's 
administrative skills will be put to the test. 

That being so, it is heartening to have as the 
new seminary president a Bible scholar who is, to 
quote writer Ramirez, one whose "honest 
understanding of the seriousness of the problem 
always is coupled with a faith in God who opens 
new possibilities." 

When a new leader is being sought for an 
institution beset with problems, one often hears 
the comment, "Nobody in his right mind would 
take that job." That usually is said by those who 
don't see the whole picture. I believe Gene Roop 
sees the whole picture. "Although the crisis is 
real, there are real possibilities for us," says 
Gene. "That is why I agreed to take the job of 
seminary president." 


hope that in the Gene Roop story you have 
caught, as I have, the excitement engendered by 
the new president's answer to the question "What 
will this new Bethany look like?" 

In a time when not only is the seminary in 
crisis, but the denomination itself seems to 
flounder in a slough of despond — worrying over 
who it is and what the future holds — Gene Roop's 
words effectively address my individual concern 
as a Brethren: "When the past seems to lead to a 
dead end, God's presence opens up the future. 
God really breaks open the closed world of the 
future in new ways. This doesn't eliminate the 
agony, loss, and disappointment . . . but God 
doesn't allow the problems of the present to 
control the future." 

Heartening words, and evidence that a new 
leader has emerged with the knowledge and faith 
to be an effective instrument in God's hands. 
Let's give him, the present Bethany, and the new 
Bethany our wholehearted support. — K.T. 

40 Me«enopr Mav 1QQ? 




— CT 




As easy as 1, 2, 3 

To subscribe call (800) 323-8039. 

RICHMOND '92... 



* m 

v 9 — 



flUn® omnn^ocs 


f f If f 3 

• Singing from the 

new hymnal 

• Ken Medema concert 

• Bittersweet Gospel 


• Bridgewater College 


• Celebration Singers 

Church of the Brethren 

June 30 -July 5, 1992 
Richmond, Va 

Participate in the Saturday afternoon "Jubilee" 
celebration of the New Hymnal. Experience the 
variety of old and new hymns and songs to be sung 
and played by Brethren groups and individuals. 






Some of my Virginia kinfolks declare that I sit around "makin' 
up stuff about our ancestors. At family reunions they have 
come to expect from me fresh anecdotes about days of yore 
down in the hills of home. At last year's gathering, even though 
I pointed out the very tree where it happened, there still were 
some doubting Thomassons who accepted only with a grain of 
salt the tale of my great-grandpa killing a bear 
under it. 

For that reason I am always grateful for 
concrete (or wooden or metal) evidence to sub- 
stantiate my genealogical findings. In the case of 
my story of Grandpa Pace saving Jamestown in 
1622 (see page 32), I can point out a highway 
marker along Route 10, west of Surry, Va., to 
silence my detractors. If that doesn't do the job, 
I can point out a bronze plaque on a stone outside 
the Surry County court house or evidence in 
Jamestown itself. 
One of my most satisfying moments came on a visit to 
Jamestown with a cousin who always is quick to test my stories. 
(Actually, the real sore point is his chafing at my position as the 
current patriarch of our line of Thomassons, I being just a 
couple of years older than he.) At Jamestown, I was admiring a 
statue of Pocahontas and grieving at the injustice of being 
unable to claim her as an ancestor (the ultimate claim to which a 
Virginian can aspire), while my cousin explored the old church 
tower and chapel nearby. Suddenly he rushed out, exclaiming, 
"Kermon! Come here quick! There's a plaque about Grandpa 
Pace and Chanco in here!" I still savor the memory of his 
unguarded awe, to say nothing of the greater respect in which he 
since has held me. 

Many of our readers soon will find their way to Richmond, 
Va., for Annual Conference. You may be among the unfortu- 
nates who hail not from the Old Dominion, but have no care. 
There are enough historical markers along its highways and 
enough bronze plaques inside its shrines to arouse the interest of 
even the most jaded tourist. So, visit the storied places, absorb 
the beautiful scenery, and take time to smell the magnolias 
along the way. 

As a certain Yankee general said (for quite a different 
reason), "On to Richmond!" See you there. 

COMING NEXT MONTH: An emphasis on children, a word 
about Brethren and the flag, and the final installment in our 
series leading up to the Brethren World Assembly. 

Vol. 141, No. 6 June 1992 


Kermon Thomasson 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Suellen Shively 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast, Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer; Ulinois/Wiscc 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana, Lf 
Holderread; Michigan, Marie Willoughl 
Mid-Atlantic, Ann Fouts; Northern Plaii 
Pauline Flory; Northern Ohio, Sherry 
Sampson; Southern Ohio, Shirley Petty; 
Oregon/Washington, Marguerite 
Shamberger; Pacific Southwest, Randy 
Miller; Middle Pennsylvania, Peggy Ov 
Southern Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. Gleim 
Western Pennsylvania, Jay Christner; 
Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Virlina, Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains, Dean Humme 
West Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as seco 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act o 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, 1 

1, 1984. Messenger is a 1 
y^ member of the Associated 
7^ Church Press and a subscril 

to Religious News Service ; 

Ecumenical Press Service. 

Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individua 
rate, $10.50 church group plan, $10.50, 
subscriptions. Student rate 75tf an issue, 
you move, clip address label and send w 
new address to Messenger Subscription! 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. Al 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 
times a year by the General Services Co 
mission. Church of the Brethren Genera 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elg 
111., and at additional mailing office, Jun 
1992. Copyright 1992, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-03: 
POSTMASTER: Send address changi 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, D 


Touch 2 

[lose to Home 


tews 6 

epping Stones 


;>rward . . . Seeking the 

Mind of Christ 


iixed Reviews 


etters 26 

{pinions 28 

bntius' Puddle 


turning Points 


ditorial 32 


bver, 1, 5 lower right, 11: Phyllis H. 


feft: Mike Bonnicksen, Wenatchee 


right: Christopher A. Stanley, The 


|left: Peter Crouse 

right, 4 right: Kermon Thomasson 

upper right: Dave Perlis, The Evening 


I Jim Yaussy Albright 

Singing a new song 10 

The new hymnal is out. Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 
invites readers to "enjoy the new creation." 

Elizabeth gave love by the basket 1 1 

Elizabeth Edwards was a destitute hurricane victim, but she 
found a way to repay those who helped her. Story by Phyllis 
H. Crain. 

The politics of remembering 14 

The 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus' first voyage 
to America is an occasion for David Neff to reflect on the 
good and ill that came of the explorer's achievement. 

Dealing with the ancient mariner 16 

David Radcliff points out the contribution that Brethren can 
make to the Columbus reassessment. 

Meet the Grace Brethren 18 

William Willoughby describes a group that broke from The 
Brethren Church in the late 1930s. 

Who's in charge here? Brethren leadership 
through the years 20 

Lauree Hersch Meyer defines and describes the three epochs 
of Brethren leadership since 1708. 

Cover story, page 11: Elizabeth Edwards is a basketmaker from Copahee, 
S.C. Phyllis H. Crain tells an engaging story of interaction between Elizabeth, 
as a Hurricane Hugo victim, and her Church of the Brethren benefactors. 

June 1992 Messenger 1 

People are her priority 

Gladys Crist, of Wenatchee 
(Wash.) Brethren/Baptist 
Church United, says, "People 
are my priority." This 83- 

Says a church 
worker of Gladys 
Crist (right), "She's 
always up, always 
smiling, always 
positive, and always 
has a good word for 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you lo meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to "In 
Touch," Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin. 1L 60120. 

year-old go-getter's biggest 
problem is that "there aren't 
enough squares on the 

Wednesdays and Thurs- 
days are her scheduled days. 
Wednesday she does volun- 
teer work at a convalescent 
center, visiting residents and 
writing letters for them. 

On Thursdays she spends 
six hours at an adult day care 
center. She also types letters 
for its director. 

On her off days, Gladys 
serves as secretary for the 
local Alzheimer's support 
group, takes care of memori- 
als, serves as a deacon for 
her congregation, and keeps 

its attendance records. She 
also helps people with their 
health insurance forms and 
drives needy retirees to lunch 
and appointments. 

Gladys' reasoning? "If I 
couldn't give, I would think 
I wasn't doing anything. I 
love life." 

BVS tithers 

When Jeanne and Bill 
Chappell retired in 1984 
they decided to spend their 
remaining years doing volun- 
teer work for the church. 

"We decided we would 
give a tenth of our lives to 
helping people in the Lord's 
work," Bill explains. 

They are doing well, so far. 
The Hatfield (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren couple are into 
their eighth year of Brethren 
Volunteer Service (BVS). 
Their first years as volunteers 
were spent at the New 
Windsor (Md.) Service 
Center, much of their time 
spent with disaster clean-up 
crews and in the Cooperative 

Disaster Child Care program. 

In 1986 they began four 
years of service as directors 
of World Friendship Center, 
in Hiroshima, Japan. Now 
they are back at Hatfield, 
helping with that congre- 
gation's outreach program. 

The volunteer years have 
been rewarding, and the 
Chappells recommend it for 
retirees. "But you have to be 
adventuresome," they 

Run for the money 

Mary Mason runs for 
money. Then she gives it 

Mary runs each year in the 
1 .4-mile "Fun Run" on 
"Venture Fund Day" at Camp 
Ithiel, a Church of the Breth- 
ren camp near Orlando, Fla. 

Lining up sponsors, Mary 
raised $1,525 this year. The 
money goes for developing 

Mary, a member of 
Sebring (Fla.) Church of the 
Brethren, has raised similar 

Bill and Jeanne Chappell decided to give a tenth of their 
lives as volunteers, comparing it to tithing one's income. 

2 Messenger June 1992 





Ma/7 Mason gives her 
winnings from running to 
new church development. 

amounts in the run each year 
since 1986. Her best year 
was 1987, when she raised 

Mary runs with persever- 
ance the race set before her 
. . . and makes money for the 
Lord's work while she's at 
it. — Peter Crouse 

Peter Crouse is interim pastor of 
Venice (Fla. ) Church of the 

The graduate 

Elizabeth ("Liz") 
Baughman, a member of the 
Mechanic Grove Church of 
the Brethren, Quarryville, 
Pa., has graduated from high 
school. Big deal, huh? Well, 
it is when you graduate at age 
66, as Liz did. 

She grew up as a shy Old 
Order Amish girl, whose 
father made her drop out of 
seventh grade to work as a 
housekeeper and farm 
laborer. Liz never forgot the 
disappointment. "I like to 
learn," she explains, flashing 

a big smile. 

Urged on by a granddaugh- 
ter, Liz, a widow with nine 
children, 19 grandchildren, 
and five great-grandchildren, 
got her graduate equivalency 
degree (GED), to become a 
high school graduate . . . over 
50 years late. 

To the strains of "Pomp 
and Circumstance," Liz 
marched down the aisle to get 
her diploma, then whooped it 
up with an all-family party. 
For refreshments there was a 
big cake that carried the 
message "You made it!" 
Liz certainly did, and we 
congratulate her. 

Brethren master farmer 

Chris Kirnmel. of Plum 
Creek Church of the Breth- 
ren, near Elderton, Pa., is a 
master farmer and has the 
paper work to substantiate the 
fact. Pennsylvania Farmer 
magazine featured him as a 
"Master Farmer" in its 
January 4 issue. 

Chris' Creekland Farm is a 
three-generation operation 
involving Chris and his wife, 
Judy; his father, Willard; and 

his sons, Peter and Andrew. 
So is the honorary title: 
Chris' father was awarded 
the title in 1963, and his 
grandfather in 1940. 

Names in the news 

Grady Snyder, professor of 
New Testament at Chicago 
Theological Seminary, and a 
member of Chicago (111.) 
First Church of the Brethren, 
is in Harare, Zimbabwe, 
March 19-June 8, teaching 
New Testament at the 
University of Zimbabwe. 

• Wayne Garst, of 
Greenhill Church of the 
Brethren, Salem, Va., is the 
new director of Camp Bethel, 
Fincastle, Va. He was 
installed over Memorial Day 

Uneasy rider 

Joe Detrick, pastor of 
Codorus Church of the 
Brethren, Loganville, Pa., 
was knocking on the door 
of a church member when a 
fleeing bank robber came 
around the corner of the 
house and held him at 

The robber wanted a ride to 
Baltimore. "I told him to just 
take the car, but he said he 
didn't drive a stick shift," Joe 
recounts. He took his kid- 
napper to Baltimore, manag- 
ing to escape there at a 
service station stop. 

Joe credits his Brethren 
beliefs and upbringing for his 
handling of the situation. "I 
kept him calm. I tried to talk 
him out of what he was doing 
and told him I would help 
him in any way I could. And 
I was doing a lot of praying 
for this man. I wanted God 
to touch his life so he would 
not harm me, my family, or 
my church." 

Joe had no trouble coming 

up with a sermon topic and a 
children's story the next Sun- 
day. And he is most grateful 

Joe Detrick 

for his Brethren training, 
from which he remembered, 
in his life-threatening crisis, 
"that peace, love, and giving 
to those who harm you is the 
way of Christ." 


Luc Neree, 75, died February 
29, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. 
He pastored a large Baptist 
church, directed a feeding 
program for children (Aide 
Aux Enfants), and operated a 
Christian school. For some 
years his work received 
funding from the Church of 
the Brethren, and his Eglise 
Baptiste des Cities had a 
"covenant relationship" with 
the denomination, a relation- 
ship that made him an Annual 
Conference habitue. 

• Faye Moyer, 92, died 
April 8, in Sebring, Fla. She 
was a missionary/educator 
with the Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria, 1931- 
1945 and 1961-1964, 
teaching at Garkida, Waka, 
and Kulp Bible College. 

June 1992 Messenger 3 


Marking the spot 

John T. Lewis, a Brethren 
member in Elmira, N.Y., 
won a footnote in history as 
one of Mark Twain's models 
for "Jim" in The Adventures 
of Huckleberry Finn (See 
"Mark Twain and His 

When you view the old pulpit Bible in the Antietam Battle- 
field museum or visit the adjacent Dunker meetinghouse, 
remember brother John T. Lewis, who recovered the Bible 
(above) 40 years after a Union soldier stole it. 

Dunker Friend," October 
1985). He also is remem- 
bered for getting the pulpit 
Bible returned to the Dunker 
meetinghouse near Sharps- 
burg, Md. (It had been taken 
as a souvenir by a Union 
soldier during the Civil War 
Battle of Antietam in 1862. 
See "Adventures of a Dunker 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home," Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

Bible," October 1985.) 

John Lewis is buried in an 
Elmira cemetery, not far 
from the grave of his friend 
Mark Twain. Although the 
cemetery records show its 
exact location, brother 
Lewis' grave has never been 

That is now going to 
change. The Church of the 
Brethren Historical Com- 
mittee is raising funds to 
erect a suitable monument. 
Check out the committee's 
exhibit booth at Annual 
Conference in Richmond. 

Schwarzenau transition 

Alexander Mack Schule 

(school), in Schwarzenau, 
Germany, is no longer a 
schule. It was built in 1955- 
56 with the help of a gift of 
60,000 DM from the Church 
of the Brethren, honoring the 
major pioneer and the birth- 
place of the denomination. 

The closing came because 
the number of school-age 
children in the village had 
decreased, and they now go 

to consolidated schools. 

But there's a happy end- 
ing. The building is being 
remodeled for use as a 
transitional home for 
refugees from eastern 
European and other coun- 
tries. Schwarzenau, like 
other German towns, has 
been assigned a number of 
refugees, by government 
order, that they must shelter. 

Brethren historian Don 
Durnbaugh sees "a kind of 
symmetry" in this develop- 
ment. "Schwarzenau 
received those who became 
Brethren when they were 
refugees," Don points out, so 
it is appropriate that 
Alexander Mack Schule, 
built with Brethren funds, be 
put to refugee use in the 
1990s. More "symmetry" is 
added when one recollects 
that in the post-World War II 
years, the Brethren Service 
Commission helped refugees 
from eastern Germany 
(under communist rule) 
resettle in the village. 

So Brethren pilgrims can 
still feel good about their 
heritage when they visit this 
Schwarzenau shrine. 

Alexander Mack Schule no longer functions as a school, but 
it serves a new purpose still in line with Brethren heritage. 

4 Messenger June 1992 

Testing an old adage 

"Many hands make light 
work." They also save big 
bucks. Just ask Curt Row- 
land, director of Camp Eder, 
near Fairfield, Pa. 

The camp opened its new 
retreat center earlier this year, 
a building project accom- 
plished with the help of more 
than 200 volunteers from 23 

"We built this with 85- 
percent volunteer labor. And 
that resulted in a substantial 
savings," Curt says — 
$75,000 in labor costs. 

The new facility is de- 
signed with such groups in 
mind as church boards, 
business lunches, family 
retreats, and Sunday school 
classes — groups that want to 
focus their interest without 
everyday distractions. 

Curt seems to have hit the 
nail on the head. The retreat 
center which accommodates 
up to 32 people has been 
rented for every weekend 
since its completion. 

Going on record 

When a conservative 
political/religious group in 
Springfield, Ore., proposed 
an amendment to the city 
charter that would remove 
homosexuals from the 
protection of civil rights, 
Springfield Church of the 
Brethren went on record 
opposing the move. 

In a written statement, the 
congregation argued that the 
amendment not only would 
deny citizens their civil 
rights, but would "stereotype 
homosexuals as sadists, 

Mm, A* 

Curt Rowland was pleased with the care taken for the environment in designing and building 
the Camp Eder retreat center. There were some difficulties, "but it was well worth it." 

masochists, and pedophiles." 

"We call on all other 
Christians in this community 
to seek the mind of Christ in 
these matters," reads the 
statement. "In a spirit of 
good will and reconciliation, 
we urge all members of our 
community to make room in 
their hearts and lives for one 

Let's be realistic 

At Mill Creek Church of the 
Brethren, near Tryon, N.C., 
they don't just tell the Easter 
story, they recreate it. 
Christ's crucifixion and 
resurrection are acted out, 
with the Sunday school 
children taking part, includ- 
ing toting the cross up the 
hill. That has much more im- 
pact on the children, reports 
Mill Creek's Christian Edu- 
cation Commission chair, 
Phyllis Crain. 

Mill Creek youngsters carry 
the cross up the hill to the 
church at Eastertime. 

The Spirit says 'Sing!' 

Western Pennsylvania 

District is coming to Annual 
Conference this summer with 
a song on its lips. At least its 
youth are. The district youth 
choir, which has been on 
spring tour the last couple of 
months, is slated to sing at 
Richmond, in one of the 
"early evening concerts." 

How many Pavarottis there 
are in the group remains to be 
heard. But judging from all 
the fundraising spaghetti 
suppers that have been held, 
there is something definitely 

Italian about these Keystone 
carolers. Check your Confer- 
ence Booklet for their 

Let's celebrate 

Buck Creek Church of the 
Brethren, near Mooreland, 
Ind., will celebrate its 125th 
anniversary September 26- 
27. Tom Mullen, associate 
professor of applied theology 
at Earlham School of 
Religion, Richmond, Ind., 
will be the guest speaker. 

June 1992 Messenger 5 

Bethany Seminary sets goal 
to be in Richmond by 1994 

The Bethany Seminary board of trustees 
has set a goal to be in affiliation with 
Earlham School of Religion (ESR) in 
Richmond, Ind., by September 1994. 

Meeting April 9-11 in Oak Brook, 111., 
the board addressed a full agenda of 
financial issues and business related to 
the move, and received a report from an 
accreditation team. 

Preparing for the move to Richmond, 
the board recommended that a joint 
steering committee of the two schools 
arrive at principles for program, financ- 
ing, and administration, and that legal 
documents of affiliation be brought for 
final approval in April 1993. 

The board authorized incurring indebt- 
edness for a bond issue or a limited 
partnership of $3-5 million plus interest, 
using the campus land in Oak Brook as 
collateral. The bond issue or partnership 
will help fund the move to Richmond, 
and the board hopes to attract Brethren 
investors who will see an opportunity to 
support the seminary. 

The board decided to hire a consultant 
to prepare the campus for sale. It also 
adopted a paper of "Program Directions" 
outlining the basic goals of the move 
including partnership with Brethren 
congregations, adopted a statement of 
covenant partnership with Earlham 
School of Religion, and set severance 
pay at three months for employees who 
stay up to the move but do not go to 

In a discussion with Annual Confer- 
ence moderator Phyllis Carter, board 
members acknowledged a need to help 
the Brethren feel ownership of the move. 
"I am troubled that people don't feel the 
'why' (of the move)" Carter said. Beth- 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church of the Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not nec- 
essarily represent the opinions of Messenger or the 
Church of the Brethren. 

any is planning several events at Annual 
Conference this summer to help answer 
questions about the seminary's future, 
including a hearing, an exhibit, and a re- 
port to the delegates. 

A report from an accreditation team of 
the Association of Theological Schools 
and the North Central Association of 
Colleges and Schools was received with 
discussion of concerns including conti- 
nuity of administration during the transi- 
tion, a need for globalization and diver- 
sity on campus, and a concern that Beth- 
any has emphasized pastoral training at 
the expense of being the intellectual 
center for the denomination. 

The team recommended continued 
accreditation but said that Bethany's 
mission statement lacks clarity and that 
the objectives and goals of the Master of 
Divinity and Master of Arts in Theology 
programs are not specific enough. The 
team asked for continuing reports relat- 
ing to the move and its impact on the 
school, and called for an accreditation 
visit no later than the autumn of 1994 
focused on administrative concerns, fac- 

Peoria church stays united 
through Caterpillar strike 

Although the situation in Peoria, 111., 
was "very tense" in mid-April, 
Church of the Brethren pastor 
Christopher Bowman said his congre- 
gation was maintaining church unity. 

Nine Brethren were on strike or had 
crossed union lines to go back to 
work for Caterpillar Inc. during the 
company's labor dispute with the 
United Auto Workers. Other church 
members were employed by Caterpil- 
lar in management and salaried posi- 
tions. A couple were asked to go on 
the line to fill in for blue collar strik- 
ers, Bowman said. 

The congregation, which has an at- 
tendance of about 160, was very sup- 
portive of the strikers. Bowman said. 
The church's prayer chain listed peo- 
ple facing the decision of whether to 
go back to work, and strikers were 

ulty, student enrollment, and finances.' 
Staff are developing a new curriculu 
for the time of transition, and received 
board commendation of the project. Tl 
curriculum is scaled down because the 
school has too few faculty to continue | 
the current curriculum. The new currici ' 
lum helps cut the school's projected 
deficit for the next year to $100,000 or' 
less. The school will rely on adjunct fa 
ulty and the possibility for students to 
take classes at other seminaries in the 
Chicago area. |fl 

Board chairman Clyde Shallenbergei 
who ends his term this year, presided 
over the naming of officers for next 
year. Lowell Flory was voted chairman 
Earle Fike vice chairman, and Dorothyt 
Hershberger secretary. The group ac- , 
cepted the resignation of board membe 
Vernard Eller and appointed John 
Gingrich, of La Verne, Calif., to fill ou 
his term. A slate of at-large members I 
was also approved: Jonathan Wieand, o 
Goshen, Ind.; Sonja Ewald, of Tipp Cit 
Ohio; Janice Ruhl, of Manheim, Pa.; ar, 
Jim Long, of Pasadena, Calif. 

contacted by church members with 
offers of prayer and odd jobs to make 
some money during the strike. Wor- 
ship included prayer for the entire 

Church members did have divided 
opinions, with some holding strong 
anti-union views, but that was not al- 
lowed to affect the fellowship, Bow- 
man said. "Their number one issue" is 
support for each other, he said. 

The church also held a support 
group meeting for Caterpillar workers 
in the congregation and the commu- 
nity. Fifteen attended, including strik- 
ers and those who went back to work. 
The group showed "a surprising 
amount of support" for workers mak- 
ing the hard decision of whether to 
cross the picket lines, Bowman said. 

The real reason for the group, he 
said, was to help members realize that 
there were other Christians in the 
same difficult position. 

6 Messenger June !992 


n other business, the board: 

—accepted the invitation of the ESR 
b^rd to a joint meeting November 7-8 
iiRichmond, Ind.; 

—promoted Lauree Hersch Meyer to 
tl| rank of full professor; 

i—empowered the president to appoint 
aiew dean from within the faculty and 
tappoint faculty members as needed 
\ih confirmation from the board; and 

J— initiated a possible major fundrais- 
ii campaign with a vote to hire a con- 
stant to do a feasibility study. 
-Cheryl Cayford 

letirement facility to enhance 
lervice Center offerings 

leparations for a retirement community 
idhe New Windsor (Md.) Service Cen- 
I continue with plans for construction 





Brethren Bible Institute, sponsored by the 
Brethren Revival Fellowship, at Eliza- 
bethtown College, Elizabethtown, Pa., 
July 27-31 [contact Brethren Bible In- 
stitute, 159 Denver Rd„ Denver, PA 

Peace Ambassador Exchange program of 

the World Friendship Center in Hiro- 
shima, Japan, is sponsoring a three-week 
trip to Japan, including the August 6 and 
9 commemoration of the first atomic 
bombings, for persons interested in peace 
and justice [contact Becky and David 
Waas, 207 Damron Dr., North Manches- 
ter, IN 46962, (219) 982-4687]. 

A peacemaking event, sponsored by Chris- 
tian Peacemaker Teams, in connection 
with a demonstration of military hard- 
ware in Langley, British Columbia, 
August 14-16 [contact CPT, 1821 W. 
Cullerton, Chicago, IL 60608, (312)421- 

Pacifism conference: "Pacifism in Ameri- 
can Religious Traditions (Other than his- 
toric peace churches)," sponsored by 
Goshen College and Pepperdine Univer- 
sity, at Goshen College, September 24- 
26 [contact Pacifism Conference, Box 
A53, Goshen College, Goshen, EN 

string caao_t EQOJP 

A new retirement community is planned 
at the New Windsor (Md.) Service Cen- 
ter, to be built offspring Dale Road. 

to begin this fall. Occupancy is projected 
in 1993. The project was approved by 
the General Board in March. 

A three-story building will include 30 
living units: six one -bedroom units, 12 
two-bedroom units of 1,000 square feet, 
and 12 two-bedroom units of 1,250 
square feet. An emergency call system, 
barrier-free doors and passages, and 
wheelchair-accessible baths are featured. 

To encourage community life, public 
lounges and a small pool and exercise 
area are also planned. A residents' com- 
mittee will organize activities and ensure 
that community needs are met. To re- 
ceive additional information, contact 
D. Miller Davis, 500 Main St., New 
Windsor, MD 21776; (410) 635-8716. 

'Olive Branch' campaign 
exceeds $150,000 goal 

As of early April, nearly $80,000 had 
been received in response to the Breth- 
ren "Olive Branch" campaign to aid vic- 
tims of the Persian Gulf war. The money 
was given by 160 Brethren individuals 
and congregations. 

Combined with $98,000 from the 
Emergency Disaster Fund, contributions 
exceeded the $150,000 goal set by the 

church in response to a Church World 
Service appeal for $1.25 million. More 
than 850 children's kits were also dis- 
tributed to refugee camps and children's 
hospitals in the Middle East through the 
"Children Helping Children" program. 

Although the gulf war ended over a 
year ago, shortages and suffering in Iraq 
continue. Food prices have increased to 
1 ,000 times more than pre-war prices, 
causing malnutrition to spread. During 
the first two months of this year, more 
than 21,000 Iraqis, including over 8,000 
children, died as a result of food and 
drug shortages, according to a report by 
Iraq to the United Nations. The Middle 
East Council of Churches reported that 
the figures are endorsed by UN officials 
and relief agencies. 

Many Iraqi Kurds are fleeing to 
neighboring countries, such as Turkey 
and Saudi Arabia. Over 70 percent of the 
Kurds applying for refugee status in the 
US have been rejected — "a really high 
rejection rate" according to Donna Derr, 
director of the denomination's refugee/ 
disaster relief program. The US Depart- 
ment of Immigration and Naturalization 
Services said most of the refugees who 
were denied had "unclear cases." 

'How Great Thou Art' will not 
appear in the new Hymnal 

The Hymnal Project has had to drop the 
popular hymn "How Great Thou Art" 
from the new Hymnal because of dis- 
agreements with the copyright holder, 
Manna Music, Inc. The hymn had been 
voted into the Hymnal by the Hymnal 
Council, which includes Brethren and 
Mennonite representation. 

"We are sorry to disappoint many per- 
sons who were looking forward to the 
inclusion of 'How Great Thou Art,' " 
said Hymnal Project chairwoman Nancy 
Rosenberger Faus. 

A pocket is included in the back of the 
Hymnal for extra hymns, and single 
copies of "How Great Thou Art" are 
available, Faus said. Contact Manna 
Music, Inc., 25510 Avenue, Stanford, 
Suite 101, Valencia, CA 91355. 

June 1992 Messenger 7 

Small church conference 
ministers to the faithful 

The small church "really is a blessing 
to the people who belong, but the 
pain of it is that we know each other 
so well," preacher Fred Craddock told 
"A Gathering for Rural Churches and 
Small Membership Congregations." 

Craddock teaches at Candler 
School of Theology, Atlanta, Ga., and 
preached at worship during the March 
15-17 meeting. If attendance is indic- 
ative, small church and rural church 
issues are "widely recognized," said 
Shantilal Bhagat, General Board staff 
who serves on the Vision for the 
Rural/Small Membership Church 
Committee that planned the meeting. 

Brethren participants represented 
90 congregations in 16 districts and 
13 states. The 140 conference attend- 
ers also included United Methodists 
and Baptists. 

Half of the Brethren live in rural 
areas or small towns, and half of 
Brethren churches are small, accord- 
ing to Bhagat. Two-thirds of US Prot- 
estant churches are considered small, 
and their problems are many. The 
rural church is ministering to a com- 
munity in decline. Small churches 
operate on small budgets. Small 
churches do not contribute as much 
financially to their denominations as 
do large churches. Pastors may not 
have much training. And small 
churches suffer from low self-esteem. 
"Small churches reflect a theology of 
the faithful remnant," Bhagat said. 

Low self-esteem is created in many 
ways, according to keynote speaker 
Steve Burt, director of Small Church 
Program at Missouri School of Reli- 
gion. Small churches have a short 
memory for accomplishments and 
make comparisons to the "good old 
days," among other problems. 

Burt told story upon story illustrat- 
ing positive aspects of the small 
church. He told about an old chapel 
that practices "high touch" rather than 
high-tech worship; a small church 
closed by its denomination because it 

8 Messenger June 1992 

was deemed no longer "financially 
viable," and later found to have been 
reopened by the members; and a 
congregation of five elderly women 
who love student preachers and 
collect their autographs. The women 
"have a mission. . . . They train 
ministers," Burt said. 

Small churches are not small "in 
the quality of life," he said. Members 
have a sense of family. Small church- 
es may provide an informal environ- 
ment for worship, operate on "kairos 
time," and have a people-first theolo- 
gy. Small churches are places for 
"sermons in action." A small church 
is not "a stunted version of a larger 
church. . . . We need to redefine 
success because we're using someone 
else's measuring stick," Burt said. 

Bible study leader James Myer pre- 
sented a contrasting view. He empha- 
sized the "importance of Christian 
fruitfulness" in Jesus' parables. "It's 
important that we be determined to 
grow," said Myer, a minister of the 
White Oak Church of the Brethren, 
Manheim, Pa. "The Great Commis- 
sion is still before us." 

Relationship is "the pain, it's the 
joy of the small church," said 
Craddock, who focused on the church 
community as the body of Christ. 
Small churches especially need to 
mend broken relationships, develop 
spiritual maturity, talk about the "im- 
portant things," and encourage com- 
mitment, he said. 

Participants were encouraged to tell 
their experiences. Often the stories 
focused on loss and recovery. Women 
representing a church that has been 
without a pastor for eight months said 
the situation has enabled the church 
to "discover other gifts." Another wo- 
man said her church is "learning to 
pray" because of losses through death 
and members moving away. 

The meeting ended with a powerful 
service led by Craddock. "The traffic 
of the church is backed up all the way 
to Chicago, but the light is green," he 
said. "What are we waiting for?" 
— Cheryl Cayford 

Day Seven works on sexual 
addictions, transformation 

"I'm excited about the kinds of people 
that the Lord is bringing together 
through Day Seven Ministries," said Jin 
Eikenberry, pastor of the West Green 
Tree Church of the Brethren, in Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa., and a Day Seven board 

Day Seven promotes "freedom from 
the bondage of sexual addictions" and 
support for people "struggling to over- 
come the homosexual lifestyle." The 
group grew out of the suggestion of the 
Mennonite leader of a transformational 
ministry in Allentown, Pa. Day Seven 
serves men and women and the spouses 
of sexually addicted people. 

With Mennonite, Brethren in Christ, 
and Church of the Brethren leadership, 
the Day Seven board includes Brethren 
Glen Wagner, of the White Oak congre- 
gation, near Manheim, Pa., and Ron 
Ludwick, pastor of the Hanoverdale cor 
gregation, in Hummelstown, Pa., who 
serves as chairman of the Day Seven 
Ministries board. 

"Our ultimate goal is to be resourcing 
churches, especially Anabaptist 
churches," Eikenberry said. "Almost 
every church is relating to people with 
needs in this area, and we want to help 
serve those who are in pain and seeking 

Brethren give $25,000 in aid 
to CIS and Bougainville 

An Emergency Disaster Fund grant of 
$15,000 has been allocated for agricul- 
tural development in the Commonwealt 
of Independent States. By providing cor 
sultation, seeds, and technology, the 
grant will help alleviate the problem of 
inadequate food supplies in the CIS. 

A grant of $10,000 has been given foi 
medical supplies, materials, and equip- 
ment for the Pacific island of Bougain- 
ville, in response to its recent war with 
Papua New Guinea. 

During the war, more than 24,000 pec 
pie in Bougainville lost their homes, anc 

rl9 201st Unit of Brethren Volunteer Service completed orientation in Indianapolis, 
;id., March 22-April 11. Members are (front row) Paul Lenz, Marilyn McAndrews, 
Joelle Dulabaum (orientation assistant), Ben Brooke, Dave Powell; (second row) 
lary Gumm, Debbie Eisenbise (orientation coordinator), Derek McDonald, Judy 
.otton; (third row) Michael Porzgen, Susan Petrone, Jodie Yoder, Tracey Hagerman; 
Fourth row) Doug Hume, Iralene Jackson, Melanie Boesger, Roland Giinter, Phil 
Anderson, Thorn Downing, Timothy O'Donnell (orientation assistant), Carl Harter. 

nany are still living in makeshift shel- 
~rs. Due to insufficient immunization 
nd medicines, curable diseases cause 
learly 3,000 deaths on the island every 
ix months. 

.egislation introduced 
:o assist military COs 

n response to the mistreatment of con- 
tentious objectors (COs) in the mili- 
ary during the Persian Gulf war, the 
'Military Conscientious Objector Act of 
1992" will be introduced to Congress 
ater this year. 

The proposed law would redefine con- 
icientious objection to allow for objec- 
ion to specific wars or conflicts. Mem- 

bers of the military could apply for a CO 
discharge at any time during their enlist- 
ment and immediately would be relieved 
of duties involving weapons. Until a 
decision was made regarding their CO 
applications, active duty soldiers could 
not be deployed, and reserve soldiers 
could not be called to active duty. 

A Military Objector Legal Defense 
Fund has also been created by the Na- 
tional Interreligious Service Board for 
Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO) to 
assist in the appeals of imprisoned mili- 
tary COs. Nearly 100 COs were impris- 
oned during the war for desertion or re- 
fusal to follow orders. As of early April, 
1 8 were still serving prison sentences. 
The human rights organization Amnesty 
International has officially recognized 
these COs as Prisoners of Conscience. 

Many who filed CO claims were also 
beaten or threatened with imprisonment. 
It has been estimated that over 2,500 CO 
discharge applications were filed by sol- 
diers during the gulf war. Hundreds 
complained that applications were lost 
by military authorities, that military 
commands ignored CO regulations, and 
that the tradition of not deploying sol- 
diers with pending CO applications was 
suddenly changed. 

Black advisory committee 
named by Parish Ministries 

Four members have been named to a 
Black Advisory Committee created dur- 
ing the March General Board meetings 
by the Parish Ministries Commission 
(PMC). The group will respond to rec- 
ommendations in the "Brethren and 
Black Americans" paper adopted at the 
1991 Annual Conference. 

Bill Hayes, of Columbia, Md., will 
serve as chairman. Stafford Frederick, of 
Olathe, Kan., and Steve Reid, of Austin, 
Texas, were named as committee mem- 
bers. General Board member Barbara 
Cuffie, of Baltimore, Md., will serve as 
the PMC representative. 

Matsuoka resigns as dean 
and professor at Bethany 

Fumitaka Matsuoka, academic dean and 
associate professor of mission studies at 
Bethany Seminary, has resigned effec- 
tive June 30. Previously, he served as 
pastor of what is now the Fellowship in 
,-. ., . „ , , Christ Church of 

Fumitaka Matsuoka 

^^^^ the Brethren in 

^k ^t Fremont, Calif., 

and as a member 
^ of the General 

Board and the 
Pension Board. 
^^m ^ ^^^. Matsuoka will 
^^™ ^ ^^^" begin in January 
1993 as vice president for academic af- 
fairs and professor of theology at Pacific 
School of Religion, in Berkeley, Calif. 

June 1992 Messenger 9 

Singing a new song 

by Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Imagine being pregnant nine years 
instead of just nine months! That's the 
way Nancy Faus describes the experi- 
ence of giving birth to a new hymnal. 

But, as mothers everywhere know, the 
pains of childbirth fade with the first cry 
of the newborn babe. There will be 
much joyful singing this month, and for 
many years to come, as Hymnal: A 
Worship Book is welcomed into the 
Church of the Brethren, the Mennonite 
Church, and the General Conference 
Mennonite Church. 

The experience of creating a new 
hymnal was made both complicated and 
rich by choosing to do it cooperatively. 
(The original group included the 
Churches of God, General Conference, 
which bowed out in 1989.) 

The process has never been easy. Back 
in 1987, executive director Bob Bowman 
wrote a progress report that ended this 
way: "If we make it through the next six 
months and remain friends, one terrific 
hymnal will make its appearance in 
January of 1992." 

The hymnal artisans did remain 
friends, and publication is only a few 
months behind that projected date, with 
pew editions shipped to congregations 
June 1. Special editions are following 
just days later. 

This means that those who ordered 
hymnals should have them in hand to 
take to Annual Conference. Yes, write 
your name and address in the front, and 

take your hymnal to Conference. There 
will be singing from the hymnal in 
almost every session that week. 

The hymnal will be celebrated at 
Conference in a special "jubilee" 
Saturday afternoon. It will also be 
highlighted along with the new pastor's 
manual at the Ministers' Association 
meeting just before Conference begins. 

This festive response to the hymnal's 
arrival is the culmination of a mammoth 
project that began way back in 1982, 
when Annual Conference gave the 
General Board the task of replacing the 
1951 hymnal. 


. ost debate at that meeting centered 
on content, with some people worried 
that their favorite hymns would be cut 
and that lyrics would be made less 
lyrical by changes to inclusive language. 
While those two issues have not gone 
away, the Hymnal Council appears to 
have done an amazing job of developing 
widespread support for the new book. 

Sales are much higher than the 
publishers expected. Brethren have 
already ordered almost 62,000 copies 
(one for every two and a half members) 
of the pew edition, and sales in the 
two Mennonite denominations have 
been high, as well. 

Those awaiting the hymnal have also 
fallen in love with the Hymnal Sampler, 
a sample booklet of hymns produced 

three years ago to give people a feel for 
the new hymnal. The Sampler has been 
widely used in congregations and 
meetings large and small across the 

Countless people have invested 
themselves heavily in the creation of thii 
new worship resource. Key among the 
Brethren are Nancy Faus, who chaired 
the project for many of its years; Bob 
Durnbaugh, chairman of the publishers' 
committee; and Lani Wright, administra 
tive secretary. 

Bob Bowman was executive director 
for the first several years of the project. 
And Joan Fyock is writing the Hymnal 
Companion, a compilation of back- 
ground information on all the hymns, 
which will be published by Brethren 
Press around the end of the year. 

Other Brethren who were serving on 
the Hymnal Council and its committees 
as of the end of the project are Jimmy 
Ross, Dena Pence Frantz, Robin Risser 
Mundey, Harold Bowser, and Kenneth 

There have been many other mid- 
wives, as well. Now that their work 
is done, the rest of us can enjoy the 
new creation, marvel at the unique 
blending of its Mennonite and Brethren 
parents, and embrace it as 
our own. 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden, former 
managing editor o/Messenger, is director of 
Brethren Press. 



Gn our music 

10 Messenger June 1992 

She had lost her home and all her possessions 

to Hurricane Hugo, but she still matched 

all that her Brethren benefactors gave her. 

Elizabeth gave love by the basket 

)y Phyllis H. Crain 

itanding in the doorway of her small 
railer, Elizabeth Edwards met the 
brethren Disaster Services workers with 
houts of praise to God for answered 
arayer. She had lived in this temporary 
lome without electricity or running 
vater since Hurricane Hugo struck six 
veeks earlier. Only one house out of the 
132 in South Carolina's Copahee 
immunity had withstood the storm. 

Elizabeth exclaimed that she had been 
graying for days that God would send 
iomeone to help her. Living with her 
vas a severely handicapped niece, and 
here was no way to get her wheelchair 
n and out. 

My husband, Keith, was in the group 
)f volunteers assigned to help Elizabeth, 
ro him, this elderly basketmaker — her 
lome and all her earthly possessions lost 

to the storm — seemed like a Job figure. 
She had suffered for weeks, but still 
continued to praise God's name. 
Appropriately — for all this gratitude that 
Elizabeth proclaimed — it was the day 
before Thanksgiving. 

It didn't take long to build the simple 
wooden ramp. When it was completed, 
Keith asked Elizabeth, "What do you 
want most for Christmas?" 

Elizabeth smiled and replied humbly, 
"A few pots and pans. That's all. Just a 
few pots and pans." 

The next Sunday, Keith described the 
plight of the Hugo survivors to our home 
congregation. Mill Creek Church of the 
Brethren, near Tryon, N.C. There were 
three families — including Elizabeth's — 
for which he felt particular concern. The 
congregation decided to "adopt" all 
three for special help at Christmastime. 

Christmas is a bad season to lift a love 

offering in a congregation, what with 
seasonal expenses, Christmas Achieve- 
ment Offering, and charity appeals. Mill 
Creek's pastor challenged the members 
to "give sacrificially" for the Copahee 
cause. The congregation, responding in 
love, raised $3,000. 

Plans were made to deliver the gifts to 
Copahee on Christmas Eve, but a winter 
storm swept through, dumping an 
unprecedented six inches of snow on the 
Charleston, S.C., area. Heeding traffic 
advisories, our group from Mill Creek 
waited until the day after Christmas to 
make its visit. 

Elizabeth received her pots and pans, 
new clothes, towels, linens, and money 
with near ecstatic exclamations of 
appreciation. And she wept for joy. We 
all wept too. 

As we prepared to leave, Elizabeth 
asked us to wait a minute. She had 

June 1992 Messenger 11 

something to give us. To each of the 
three families in our group she presented 
a beautiful new sweetgrass basket that 
she had made. 

We didn't get back to Copahee until 
mid-January a year later. Then we 
responded to an invitation to a big 
barbecue for all the disaster relief 
workers who had helped the community. 
The Church of the Brethren Disaster 
Relief camp was closing that weekend. 

At the barbecue, a tribute was given to 
the Church of the Brethren. A plaque 
was placed on the home hosting the 
barbecue, in memory of Wayne 
Gingerich, a Brethren volunteer from 
Pennsylvania, who had died while 
working at Copahee. 

The day after the barbecue, we went 
by to see Elizabeth. She met us at the 
door of her new home that had been 
constructed by disaster workers. Stand- 
ing by the new house was the now use- 
less ramp that Keith's group had built. 
The little trailer was long gone. Keith 
asked Elizabeth what she planned to do 
with the ramp. 

"I'm gonna keep it," Elizabeth 
exclaimed. "That was God's sign to me 
that he hadn't forgot me." 

She went on to explain: "You see, that 
Thanksgiving you built the ramp was the 
darkest day of my life. I was ready to 
give up. I couldn't go on no longer. I had 
done prayed and prayed that God would 
send someone to help me. But he kept on 
tellin' me to wait on 'em. Then he did 
send me somebody, and that ramp 
renewed my strength." 

Elizabeth had an analogy for the ramp 
experience: "In many ways, that ramp 

1 2 Messenger June 1 992 

was my Red Sea. That Thanksgiving, 
God parted the waters for me." 

As we left, we gave Elizabeth some 
money, and she insisted that we accept 
another one of her beautiful baskets. 
"This un's for you, chile, but I'm gonna 
make a basket for your church for 
Easter, hear?" 

I told her that would be lovely. "We 
can use it as a bread basket on the 
Sundays we have carry-in dinner," I 
suggested. We left Elizabeth's home 
feeling that we had been in the presence 
of one of God's faithful servants. 

A couple of weeks before Easter, a 
post card came from Elizabeth, telling us 
"the basket is ready." That season is 
such a busy time at Mill Creek that we 
put off going to Copahee until the 
weekend after Easter. 

Elizabeth telephoned our pastor to 
see if we were coming. I called back to 
explain our delay. Elizabeth sounded 
disappointed, but accepting. 


'ur visit to Copahee was a part of our 
spring break, taking our children to the 
beach at Hilton Head. After our beach 
vacation, we went by to see Elizabeth. 

As before, she was waiting for us at 
her front door to welcome us into her 
home. Inside, we saw that Elizabeth's 
living room floor was covered with 
sweetgrass baskets . . . just about every 
size and shape. 

Our basketmaker friend, beaming, 
said, "Pick out the one you want." 

I looked at basket after basket, 
exclaiming over their beauty. Finally I 
turned to Elizabeth and said, "I can't. 
They are all so beautiful. You have 
worked very hard this winter. Please, 
you pick out the one you want the 
church to have." 

"I'm talking about youV Elizabeth 
exclaimed. "Pick out the one you want. 

The others are for the church." 

We were astounded. We protested to 
Elizabeth that we couldn't take all the 
baskets. They represented at least two 
months of hard work. We assured our 
generous giver that one basket would 
make a lovely gift to our church. 

"One basket?" Elizabeth looked 
dumbfounded. "You think I called you 
to come way down here just to get one 
basket? Why, chile, I could-a mailed yoi 
one basket! I didn't make one basket foi 
Mill Creek church. I want every family 
that's helped me to get a basket!" 

We were overwhelmed by Elizabeth's 
demonstration of gratitude. We could 
only manage a simple "Thank you." 

Elizabeth helped us load the van with 
30 baskets and a dozen or so woven hot- 
dish mats. 

Several miles up the road, our 
silence was broken by our six-year-old 
son. Looking at the baskets stacked to 
the van's ceiling, he said, "Isn't this 
sweet? It makes me want to cry." And 
we all did. 

As we continued on our homeward 
way, I did some figuring in my head. 
Having shopped in Charleston many 
times, I could assess the value of 
Elizabeth's baskets. I knew they were 
worth at least $1,000. A little more 
thought led me to reflect that, uncannily, 
$1,000 was the exact amount our 
congregation had given Elizabeth since 
we came to know her. 

With the fragrance of sweetgrass 
filling our van, we drove on home to 
give our church family the message that 
Brethren Disaster Relief had taught us sc 
eloquently: Hands continue to unite 
hearts . . . even in the midst 
of disaster. 

Phyllis H. Crain chairs the Christian Education 
Commission at Mill Creek Church of the Brethren, 
near Tryon, N.C. She is coordinator of instruction 
for a school district in Spartanburg, S.C. 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 


In ancient Hebrew culture 
there were six "cities of 
refuge" — places to which the 
manslayer who had acciden- 
tally killed another could 
flee from the avenger of 
blood and receive asylum. 
What a marvelous provision 
of grace for the days when 
"justice," unencumbered by 
bureaucracy, was particu- 
larly vulnerable to running 

A while back I was 
involved in a therapy group 
in which the co-leader 
introduced the idea that we 
as individuals need to find 
"safe places" — places where 
we can receive acceptance, 
support, and protection in 
times of fear, abuse, or 
misunderstanding. Each 
person was encouraged to 
consider where, what, or 
who that "safe place" might 
be. I will never forget one 
women's comment as the 
discussion wound down: 
"These 'safe places' are hard 
to come by!" 

She's right. In biblical 
times, the Sanhedrin placed a 
high priority on aiding the 
fugitives: The roads to the 
"cities of refuge" were well 
maintained, marked, and 
staffed to assist those 
gripped by terror to safety. 

Unfortunately today, too 
many feel there is no place 
of refuge. Or, they feel, at 
the very least, that such safe 
places are "hard to come 
by." Families are discon- 
nected and dysfunctional. 

Communities are closed and 
segregated. Churches are 
cliquish and judgmental. 
Through the years I have 
heard one horror story after 
another of wounding and 
rejection in the name of 

A husband was repeatedly 
involved in sexually immoral 
activity for which he refused 
to seek help. After his wife 
filed for divorce she was 
informed she no longer 
would be allowed to lead the 
children's singing during the 
Sunday school hour. 

A baby was born. But the 
mother's home church did 
not recognize his birth with 
the traditional rosebud on the 
pulpit because the child was 

No wonder many people 
flee from the church rather 
than to it. 

When examining the 
biblical "cities of refuge," it 
is very significant to note 
that those in flight had 
actually done something 
wrong: Involuntary man- 
slaughter in today's legal 
system, a class C felony 
carrying a presumptive 
sentence of five years— no 
small crime. So the fugitives 
were granted safety even 
though they were, to some 
extent, guilty. 

Becoming a place of 
refuge does not mean we lay 
aside our standards. It does 
not mean we become 
"Wimps for Jesus." And the 
failure to call "fugitives" 

into accountability is just as 
sinful as standing in judg- 
ment of them. 

When the manslayer 
entered the "city of refuge," 
I doubt that he was greeted 
with "Praise the Lord! 
You've killed someone! 
Come, make yourself 
comfortable." Remember, 
these cities were populated 
by Levites, the tribe ap- 
pointed to safeguard holi- 

The fugitive had to 
undergo a solemn trial. And, 
once inside the city, I 
suspect he spent "hard time" 
in serious soul-searching. I 
imagine he told his story 
over and over again — 
verbally grinding through the 
emotional itinerary of guilt, 
remorse, sorrow, and "if 
onlys," while the Levitical 
priests listened, counseled, 
listened, corrected, listened, 
confronted, listened, com- 
forted, listened, listened, and 

In absence of literal "cities 
of refuge," the call is before 
the people of God to become 
spiritual cities of refuge. And 
the places of safety we 
become need to include 
confrontation as well as 
protection, accountability as 
well as acceptance, confes- 
sion as well as 


Robin Wentworth App is a 
therapist from Nappanee, lnd. She 
currently is serving on an interim 
pastoral team in the Nappanee 
Church of the Brethren. 

June 1992 Messenger 13 

The politics o 

by David Neff 

Every year, Jews celebrate Passover to 
commemorate their ancestors' deliver- 
ance from Egypt. And Christians join 
them in giving God credit for that 
deliverance and the subsequent conquest 
of Canaan. Nevertheless, we squirm 
when we think of all the men, women, 
children, and animals who were killed 
so that Jacob's descendants might be 
liberated and the Promised Land 

Every year, when Americans celebrate 
Independence Day, many use the 
language of Canaan to credit God with 
bringing forth a new and different kind 
of nation on this continent. Yet few talk 
much about the indigenous peoples who 
were exterminated or expelled as that 
new nation expanded. 

Every year, Italian-Americans enjoy 
Columbus Day festivities to honor the 
great Genoese navigator and celebrate 
the best of Italian culture. Yet in 1992, 
500 years after Columbus first set foot 
on San Salvador, it is more difficult to 
celebrate his day. For while some are 
holding big celebrations of the quin- 
centenary (a world's fair and the summer 
Olympics in Spain, for example), other 
groups are decrying any attempt to cele- 
brate the "invasion" of the Americas. 

Listening to the critics 

That invasion, most of us know but tend 

to forget, resulted directly in the eco- 
nomic rape, enslavement, and death of 
large numbers of native people. Entire 
cultures — some of them technically and 
artistically advanced — were crushed. 
And, indirectly, the oppression and dis- 
placement of millions of native Ameri- 
cans and Africans as well as ecological 
disasters were made possible. 

Thus the National Council of 
Churches has called not for celebration, 
but for repentance as the appropriate 
way to mark the quincentenary. And 
pop-historian Kirkpatrick Sale has lam- 
basted European culture for its preoccu- 
pation with "warring against species." 

One tempting response to this criti- 
cism is to dismiss it as knee-jerk, multi- 
culturalist liberalism. Yet, noted the 
Utne Reader, the early complaints about 
the Columbian quincentenary were not 
coming from "the usual progressive 
publications," but from "grass-roots 
cultural organizations." Besides, a 
charitable attitude and a willingness to 
learn is always appropriate. So what do 
we need to hear? 

First, the critics have reminded us that 
history is written by winners. Contrary to 
what we learned from our school text- 
books, the Americas were not an empty 
wilderness. Native peoples had "discov- 
ered America" long before Columbus. 
But his arrival did open the door for the 
displacement of peoples and the destruc- 
tion of cultures. 

It is tempting to say: Our ancestors 
may have killed off the Indians, but that 
was then and this is now. But there is a 
second lesson: The conquistadors are a 
present reality. Particularly in Latin 
America, the old feudal system lingers 
and perpetuates the cultural and eco- 
nomic isolation of the native peoples. A 
statement made at a 1989 gathering of 
Andean peoples claimed that a major 
celebration of the European conquest of 
the Americas would be "a renewed 
attempt to cover up the colonization and 
conquest of a continent by force of arms 
so that they can continue justifying the 
political domination of our peoples and 
nations." That is the sort of observation 
that can be made only by people on the 
underside of the dominant cultural 

A third lesson the critics want us to 
hear is that in displacing indigenous 
cultures, we have lost a great deal. 
Some point especially to the relationship 
that native Americans had with the 
natural world, and they suggest that if 
we had learned from pre-Columbian 
culture, we would not have deforested, 
strip-mined, and smogged up our land. 
They blame an imported Christian 
(though not biblical) theology for much 
of what has happened. 

Getting the whole picture 

If we were to stop here, it would be hard 
to imagine we had anything at all to 

"We would like (to make) the next 500 
years different . . . ; to enter into a 
time of grace and healing. In order to 
do so, we must first involve ourselves 
in educating the colonizing nations, 
which are investing a lot not only in 
silly plans but in serious efforts to 
further revise history, to justify the 
bloodshed and destruction, to deny 
that genocide was committed here and 
to revive failed policies of assimilation 
as the answer to progress."-^«;a« Shown 

Harjo. Cheyenne and Muskogee Indian. Newsweek, 
special issue. Fall/Winter 1991 . 

"Every generation rethinks its histori- 
cal past through a prism that reflects 
its own concerns. But I object to 
overloading Columbus with responsi- 
bility for everything that happened. 
He was interested in discovery, in 
wealth and prestige. He wasn't 
interested in genocide."— Dauhl Alden. 
quoted in Newsweek. June 24. 1991 . 

"At issue is whether our educators will 
continue pouring an ideological sauce 
over this (white, Eurocentric) civiliza- 
tion when serving it to our children, 
an ideology that tells them that it has a 
God- or nature-given authority over 
all others. It is this sauce that leads to 
a smug jingoism, to racism of whites, 
and to bitterness and alienation of all 
Others."— Hani Koning, The Washington Post 
National Weekly Edition, September 9-15. 1991. 

14 Messenger June 1992 


fcelebrate in 1992. But we need to ask 
pome important questions. 
J First, how fairly have the critics 
■represented history? If winners write the 
official history to justify their continued 
dominance, surely the losers write a 
/ersion of history that may be used to 
ustify their agenda. 

i Some native Americans were cultur- 
dly advanced, peace loving, and sensi- 
;ive to the needs of the environment. But 
here were also cannibals and savages 
imong them, and some who raped the 
:arth and moved on. Some colonizers 
,vere driven by avarice and valued 
pman life far less than a doubloon. 
3ut others, such as Bartolome de las 
;Zasas, were compelled by concern for 
joth the temporal and the spiritual 
.welfare of the natives. 

Second, we need to ask, to what 
■iegree do we perpetuate the oppression 
hat began 500 years ago? For most of 
us, complicity in any continuing oppres- 
sion of native Americans is largely 
inconscious. While justice demands that 
ve halt the economic and social margin- 
Uization of native Americans, it does 
lot require the pursuit of a wilderness 
iitopia or the wholesale restoration of 
long-lost lands. (Every system of justice 
cnows of a statute of limitations.) 

Journalist Jon Margolis writes, 
'Arguing about whether the European 
;:onquest of America was a 'good thing' 
Is a fool's errand. It was an inevitable 

thing, its cruelties and its glories both." 
Whether or not Columbus had sailed to 
the lands across the western sea in 1492, 
someone else would have by 1500 or 
1510. At that time, writes Margolis, 
"only Europeans were dynamic, curious, 
and progressive," and only Europeans 
were systematically mapping the world. 
Thus, we need to ask, just what would 
we expect of Columbus and those who 
followed him? 

The medieval mentality idealized 
force in the service of true religion. In 
that mentality, evangelism meant the 
expansion of Christian political hege- 
mony. The 15th-century Spanish con- 
sciousness was growing increasingly 
nationalistic. Imperialism seems histori- 
cally inevitable. Since sin is the human 
condition, it is not amazing that Colum- 
bus took his pleasure with native 
women, shipped slaves home (against 
Isabella's orders) when he could not 
send gold, or imperiously claimed 
America for the Spanish crown. It is 
remarkable, however, that Columbus 
was motivated by a love for God and a 
desire to finance the rescue of the Holy 
City from infidel hands. It is remarkable 
that his sense of divine calling survived 
years of neglect by Isabella, disease, 
poverty, a mutiny at sea, and imprison- 
ment and ridicule at home. 


So how are American Christians to 

Columbus' humility, 
dedication, and sense 
of destiny are models 
for us. But his craven 
acquiescence to his 
eras cruelty is not. 

'After five centuries, Indian people 
ire still here, resisting and surviving 
n whatever ways we can. The year 
1992 can be a time for all of us — 
indian and non-Indian — to begin 
earning how to be in solidarity with 
i;ach other, mutually empowering our 
)j>truggles for justice and peace. If we 
stand together in defiance of the self- 
congratulatory celebrations, perhaps 
ijive will see the way toward standing 
together in constructive praxis, 
i respect, and hope for all humanity." 

B— American Indian Robert Allen Warrior, 
jjSojoumers, January 1991. 

TV commercials stereotype Indians as 
the noble savage, "part of a once great 
but now dying culture that could talk 
to the trees and the animals and that 
protected nature." This "makes 
Indians into conceptual relics, arti- 
facts, . . . confirmed as existing only in 

the past."— Jerry Mander, Utne Reader, 
November/December 1991. 

"Christopher Columbus, where would I be 
If you had never crossed the sea, 
If you had never thought the earth a ball, 
If you had never cared to sail at all? 

Along the street where people go 
Only strong, strong trees would grow; 
And everywhere on lake and hill 
The land would be quite dark and still, 
With only wigwams on the ground 
And Indian children walking 'round. 
And not a Stars and Stripes in sight 
At evening or in morning light!" 
— Annette Wynne, from For Days and Days: A Year- 
round Treasury of Verse for Children, 1919. 

June 1992 Messenger 15 

respond to the controversy surrounding 
the Columbian quincentenary? 

There is much to celebrate about the 
encounter between the Old World and 
the New World. It was the occasion for 

profound changes in the course of 
history. For example, without the lowly 
potato, imported from America, Europe 
would have starved. And without the 
horse, imported from Europe, indigenous 

American art and religion would never 
have had time off from survival activi- 
ties to dream and develop. Without vita 
exchanges such as these, neither group 
of peoples could have flourished. 

Dealing with the ancient mariner 

by David Radcliff 

What do we do with Columbus? As early 
as last fall, some people said they had 
already done all they wanted to do about 
this ancient mariner, given the vast 
amount of discussion generated even at 
that early date. Some may wonder 
whether Brethren need to do anything at 
all with him, as our church had yet to be 
born at the time of his fateful voyage. 
Judging from a few letters received in 
this office in response to materials sent 
out on the subject, there are those who 
take offense should we do anything other 
than portray Columbus as the one who 
opened this hemisphere to evangel- 
ization. And there are others for whom 
the 500th anniversary of "Columbus" is 
an opportunity to do more research on 
the history and present reality of the pre- 
Columbian peoples of the Americas. 

There is a measure of truth in what 
those from each of these perspectives 
would "do" with Columbus. It would be 
fruitless, however, to debate their merits 
in this brief column, and David Neff's 
article (page 14) does a good job of 
treating some of the key issues raised by 
these differing points of view. 

If there is one contribution that 
Brethren can make to the discussion 
about what to do with Columbus, it is 
simply to ask "What would Jesus do?" In 
particular, when it comes to encounter- 
ing people of strikingly different cultural 
or racial or religious histories, how did 
Jesus handle such episodes, and what 
would he have to say to the attitudes and 
actions of Columbus and his successors? 

Jesus did not combine violence and 
evangelism. When the disciples wanted 
to "command fire to come from heaven 
and consume" a Samaritan village that 
had not received them, Jesus rebuked 

1 6 Messenger June 1992 

them (Luke 9:51-56). Even if the 
"medieval mentality idealized force in 
the service of true religion," as David 
Neff states, there were others by the end 
of that same period, notably the 
Anabaptists, who refused to link the 
Christian gospel with violence of any 
kind. Therefore, Columbus has no better 
excuse for his actions than the conquer- 

ors of today who march behind cross 
and flag. 

Jesus was open to people of other 
cultural and religious traditions. Cer- 
tainly he carried his message of faith, 
hope, and love with him wherever he 
went, and he was not reticent about 
proclaiming it. Yet he never denigrated 
others for their own traditions; he could 
see even in those considered religious 
outcasts the marks of God's presence. 

The best example of this may be 
Jesus' use of a Samaritan, considered by 
good religious people a heathen and a 
racial half-breed, as the key figure in his 
best-known parable (Luke 10:25-37). 
For Columbus and for us, this is a 

reminder that God is already present in 
"new mission lands" before we arrive, 
working in ways that we may not fully 
see or understand. 

Finally, Jesus allowed himself to be 
moved to compassion and perhaps to a 
different understanding of his mission 
by people of other religious and nationa 
backgrounds. The story of the 
Syrophoenician woman illustrates this 
well (Mark 7:24-30; Matt. 15:21-28). 
Her persistence in the face of Jesus' 
rejection of her pleas for assistance earn 
Jesus' acclamation, "Woman, great is 
your faith!" and perhaps leads Jesus to a 
new understanding of his mission amonj 
the Gentiles. 

Had Columbus and his successors, 
both adventurers and evangelists, had 
this kind of respect for the people they 
encountered, there might be a whole 
other history for us to celebrate during 
this year. And as we look to our own 
times and mission efforts, we might ask 
what we have to learn from the Minjung' 
theologians of Korea or the spiritual 
traditions of the native peoples of the 
Americas. Or are we, unlike Jesus, 
unable to be moved by the faith of those 
outside the Christian fold? 

We must be unabashed in sharing our 
Christian testimony with our world. As 
we go about this vital task, what do we 
have to learn from the way early 
Christian witnesses on this hemisphere 
spread their faith? And, more important- 
ly, what do we have to learn from Jesus 
and his way of spreading the Good 
News of God's peaceable reign? These 
can be Brethren contributions to the 
debate over what to "do" with 

David Radcliff is World Ministries peace 
consultant and staff for Korean ministries. 

But despite all the physical benefits, 
lere is an underlying spiritual dimen- 
jon that should make Christians 
lautious. Margolis calls Columbus "the 
irst real American" because he had to 
jnow "what was over the hill." But, says 
Jlargolis, the real question is "whether 
his kind of person must also inevitably 
^ant to own whatever lies over the next 
ill ... so strongly that he is prepared to 
urder the people living there." 
Perhaps we can understand the 
iscovery/encounter/invasion much the 
ay we relate to the Israelite conquest of 
anaan, with its slaughter of infants, 
omen, warriors, and animals. We 
elieve God is Lord of history and no 
arth-shaking event happens apart from 
lis will. Nevertheless, we know that 
he redemption of our planet is not yet 
jully realized. The consequences of sin 
lontinue to attend even divinely ordered 

i The lives of some ministers we have 
Jiown provide a helpful analogy. As 
ivangelists, they have won souls for 
Christ; and as fallible humans, they have 
inagled their finances or committed 
;dultery. This might be called the 
jantry Principle of History: Every 
jivinely ordered event takes place in 
•tie context of sinful human reality. 
Columbus' high goals were not un- 
fixed. Economics and evangelism are 
not always separable. 
I As some try to paint Columbus as a 
rillain and others as a hero, let us 
jemember that villains and heroes are 
be crisply outlined icons of cultures and 
ideologies. God, however, creates saints 
»ut of sinners. The line between saint 
'nd sinner is not always distinct. 
Columbus' humility, dedication, and 
iense of destiny are models for us. But 
(lis craven acquiescence to his era's 
cruelty is not. Cultural movements 
ilemand heroes and villains, but our 
Reformation heritage tells us to expect 
Something else instead — the blurred 
jmtline of flesh-and-blood 


David Neff is managing editor of Christianity 

Reprinted, with permission, from Christianity 
"oday, ©October 7,1 991. 

Resources for re-discovery 

Brethren packet: Every Church of the Brethren congregation has received a packet of 
materials titled Re-Discovery '92. In it were a basic historical overview of Columbus' 
encounter with the peoples of the Caribbean, worship and sermon ideas, a children's 
story, a skit, and an annotated listing of pertinent resources on the quincentenary issue. 
To request a packet, contact: Peace Consultant, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 
Tel. (800) 323-8039. Ext. 229. 

Events: The May 3-8 National Youth Christian Citizenship Seminar, held in New 
York and Washington, carried the theme "Through the Eyes of Native Americans." 

• A Church of the Brethren workcamp was held in La Esperanza, Honduras, in late 
May, with the goal of fostering better understanding between Honduras and the United 
States and hearing indigenous perspectives on the quincentenary. 

• A Church of the Brethren youth workcamp will be held July 20-26, at Broken 
Bow, Okla., working among the Choctaw Indians. Its goal is to "gain a new respect 
and understanding for the Native American culture and faith." Contact: Donnie Flora, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, II 60120. Tel. (800) 323-8039. Ext. 276. 

• The speaker for the World Ministries dinner at Annual Conference, July 3, is 
George Tinker, an Osage Cherokee Indian. Professor of cross-cultural ministries at 
Iliff School of Theology, he will speak on "Colonialism, Conquest, and Missionary 
Outreach." Tickets cost $10.50 and are available from Annual Conference Office, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 or at ticket sales at Conference. 

• A gathering scheduled for October 11-12 at the National Cathedral, in Washing- 
ton, D.C., is "A Celebration for Our Survival." It will include a 24-hour vigil and 
many worship and fellowship opportunities. Contact: Rose Robinson, St. Patrick's 
Episcopal Church, 4700 Whitehaven Parkway, Washington, DC 20007. 

Other resources: The Prophetic Justice Unit of the National Council of Churches has 
published a packet Responding Faithfully to the Quincentenary ($9). Contact: Sandy 
Toineeta, NCCC, 475 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 101 15. 

• Video, "Life Gives to Life: Stories Old and New Upon the Land," 45 min., $25. 
Stories by Fred A. Shaw, a Shawnee Indian. Order from Shaw, at 2757 West US 22 & 
3, Maineville, OH 45039. 

• Book, Crying for a Dream, by Richard Erdoes, 1989, $24.95. Text and color 
photos depict North American Indians of the plains, mesas, and deserts. Order from 
Bear & Co., Publishing, Santa Fe, NM 87504-2860. 

• TV presentation, "The Eighth Fire," NBC, June 21 (see local listings for time). 
Joining Native Americans in looking to the future, "The Eighth Fire" focuses on the 
choice before all Americans: Will the issues of broken treaties, fishing rights, and 
religious freedom be brought to the light of justice? 

Native American publication: Native Nations ($20/yr., 12 issues. 175 Fifth Ave., 
Suite 2245, New York, NY 10010.) Magazine featuring Native American news, 
quincentenary information, commentary, arts coverage, and film and book reviews. 

June 1992 Messenger 17 


Meet the Grace Brethren 

Next month the five major Brethren groups will celebrate 250 
years of annual meetings by holding a first-ever Brethren 
World Assembly, at Elizabethtown College. With that event in 
mind, MESSENGER has presented this series of articles about 
The Brethren Church, the Old German Baptist Brethren, the 
Dunkard Brethren, and the Fellowship of Grace Brethren 

Churches. The series, which began in the March issue, will 
conclude next month with a look at the Church of the Brethren 

For information about the Brethren World Assembly, read 
Donald Durnbaugh' s "Freedom to Come Together," October 
1991 (but note that the assembly's dates are July 15-18, not 
July 25-28 as given in that article). 

by William G. Willoughby 

It was almost incredible! Sixty young 
people, in a congregation of about 200 
gathered for Sunday morning worship, 
were listening intently as the Grace 
Brethren pastor preached for 45 minutes. 

Among the junior-high, senior-high, 
and college-age worshipers, there was 
little shuffling or whispering. These 
young people considered worship 
important to them. They had attended 
a Sunday school class for an hour pre- 
ceding the church service, but few, if 
any, had slipped away between Sunday 
school and church. 

I had entered the sanctuary about 15 
minutes early, and was surrounded by 
contemporary gospel music being played 
over the loudspeaker. The animated 
conversation of the people as they 
gathered demonstrated an apparently 
genuine sense of joy and authentic 

1 8 Messenger June 1 992 

1 This Grace Brethren congregation 
holds two services each Sunday morn- 
ing. I attended the second one, and 
learned from a young man seated next 
to me that the two services were essen- 
tially the same, with one exception. 
"The first service, composed mostly of 
adults, was," he said, "more subdued." 

There was no traditional call to 
worship. In fact, there was no formal 
beginning. The four guitarists, the 
person playing the synthesizer, the 
pianist at the grand piano, and the 
organist simply took their places on the 
raised platform and began to play . . . 
with great gusto. A large screen on the 
front wall displayed the words of their 
hymns by means of an overhead projec- 
tor. The hymnbooks in the pews were 
not used at this service. 

There was only one hymn sung that 
was familiar to me — "Holy, Holy, Holy, 
Lord God Almighty." It was very appro- 
priate, for the theme of the sermon was 

the holiness of God. The rest of the 
singing was what I call "contemporary 
gospel." The congregation participated 

There was no formal order of service 
in the very professionally printed 
bulletin, which described many opportu- 
nities for prayer, growth, and service. 

At a particular moment in the service, 
the robeless choir, men and women from 
various parts of the congregation, went 
up on the platform, which had only a 
lectern — no pulpit, no choir benches. 
The song leader directed them in singing 
"Strength of the Lord." As they returned 
to their seats, the congregation vigor- 
ously applauded. 

After the offertory, the minister rose 
and stood before the people on the same 
level as the congregation. "Ah," I 
thought, "perhaps this is a carry-over 
from the Brethren meetinghouse days!" 
I soon dismissed that from my mind. 

The minister, who was very fluent, 

preached for 45 minutes, without notes, 
on "Holiness: The Best Way To View 
God's Beauty." He referred at times to 
professional sports teams and other 
contemporary situations. His sermon, an 
exposition of Psalm 99, would have been 
well received in almost any Church of 
the Brethren. 

Following the sermon, the screen was 
electrically lowered, and the congre- 
gation sang "gospel songs and hymns" 
for about 10 minutes, with loud accom- 
paniment from the "orchestra." An "altar 
call" concluded the service. 

! A his congregation was undeniably an 
ecclesia of devoted Christians. Other 
(Grace Brethren churches may not have 
tan orchestra, and may be less informal, 
ibut the spirit of Christ and the presence 
of God are no doubt experienced in all 
of them. 

The Fellowship of Grace Brethren 
Churches is the second largest and 
fastest growing of the five major 
'Brethren groups. It developed out of a 
conflict in The Brethren Church in the 
1920s and '30s over the control of 
Ashland College and Seminary. The 
more "fundamental" ministers and 
'leaders were displeased with what they 
'considered "modernistic" trends in the 

In 1937 the Grace Brethren estab- 
lished their own seminary, Grace 
Seminary, which in 1939 was moved to 
Winona Lake, Ind., where it is today 
— with more than 500 students. In 1948, 
Grace College was established, which 
today has more than 1,000 students. 

At the 1939 General Conference of 
The Brethren Church, delegates from 
churches who refused to support Ashland 
College and Seminary and the denomi- 
national program were excluded. A large 
[number of delegates sympathetic to the 
[conservative cause thereupon walked 
lout, and in 1940 had their own "National 
Conference." Each group claimed to be 

the legitimate Brethren Church and that 
the other had departed from "historic 

There are more than 300 Grace 
Brethren congregations in the US, with 
two-thirds of them in six states — 
California, Florida, Indiana, Ohio, 
Pennsylvania, and Virginia. The average 
size of a congregation is about 150. The 
monthly publication of the Grace 
Brethren is the Brethren Missionaiy 
Herald, published at Winona Lake, Ind. 

The National Conference of the Grace 
Brethren is usually held at Winona Lake. 
Grace Brethren have put their emphases 
on missions, evangelism, and church 
growth, and now have more than 50,000 
members in the United States, with 
missions in Argentina, Brazil, Central 
African Republic, Chad, England, 
France, Germany, Japan, the Philippines, 
and Mexico. 

The church has supported the military 
and military chaplaincy, encouraged its 
young people to serve in the armed 
forces of World War II, and celebrated 
the victory of the United States against 
Iraq. About 30 Grace Brethren ministers 
have served as full-time military 

Theologically, the Grace Brethren 
consider themselves unapologetically 
"evangelical-fuhdamentalistic." A 
"covenant of faith," which is similar in 
many ways to the old "Brethren's Card," 
is signed yearly by all trustees and 
faculty of Grace College and Seminary. 

The Grace Brethren firmly believe 
in the verbal inerrancy of the Scriptures, 
in the imminent second coming of 
Christ, in the existence and personality 
of Satan, and in the eternal security of 
the believer. They are also firmly 
opposed to the ecumenical movement 
and to the "social gospel." 

In all of their churches, the Grace 
Brethren retain some of the traditional 
Brethren practices, such as the love 
feast, anointing, and trine immersion. 
It is clear, though, that they feel more 

"at home" with other fundamentalist 
groups than they do with the other 
Brethren groups. In my contacts with 
Grace Brethren leaders, they were not 
hostile to me as a person, but I definitely 
got the impression they are cautious 
about cooperating officially with any 
of the Brethren groups. A notable 
instance of official cooperation, how- 
ever, has been in the publication of The 
Brethren Encyclopedia. 

Perhaps, in the years to come, there 
will be other cooperative efforts to 
reclaim more aspects of the Brethren 
heritage. A recent statement by James 
Boyer, professor emeritus at Grace 
Theological Seminary, is encouraging: 
"It is always wrong when God's people 
cannot get along as brothers." 


Lt times I wonder about the future of 
the Brethren groups in American society 
Will they diminish in numbers to fade 
soon from the scene? Will they become 
so acculturated by a dominating, secular 
society or an evangelical-fundamentalist 
crusade that they will lose their 
Anabaptist-Pietistic heritage altogether? 
Will they go their separate ways as 
brothers and sisters estranged one from 
another, communicating only spasmodi- 
cally or not at all? 

And then I think of the 60 young 
people in the morning worship service 
of a Grace Brethren church, and of the 
young people in the Old Orders and 
Dunkard Brethren continuing in a tradi- 
tion of nonconformity to the world, of 
young people in The Brethren Church 
entering Brethren Volunteer Service, 
and of the 3,500 Church of the Brethren 
young people at a National Youth 
Conference, and my hope for 
the future abounds. 


William G. Willoughby is a retired educator 
living in La Verne, Calif., after a teaching career at 
Bridgewater (Va.) College and the University of La 
Verne {Calif), and a stint as director of Brethren 
Sendee in Europe. 

June 1992 Messenger 19 

Who's in charge here? 

Brethren leadership through the years 

'Judging from past patterns, leaders in the new Church of the Brethren epoch 

will be those who best embody the church's aspirations and self-understanding 

in relation to the larger socio-cultural world in which they live.' 

by Lauree Hersch Meyer 

Leadership as a concern is a new 
phenomenon in the Church of the 
Brethren. The Brethren Encyclopedia, 
published in 1983, does not even have 
an entry for it. Not that leadership has 
received no thought during the history 
of the church; it has. The nature of 
concern around church leadership, 
however, now in great evidence, is 
new. The 1990 Annual Conference 
established a "blue ribbon" Committee 
on Ministerial Leadership (see sidebar, 
facing page) to address the issue. 

Church beginnings, 1708 to about 
1850. In 1708, the Church of the 
Brethren was a small group of eight 
friends who were fundamentally trusted 
spiritual companions. This group and 
those who accepted, extended, and 
adapted their vision to the "new world" 
into which they emigrated, did not think 
of themselves as a church. They were 
simply followers of Jesus Christ — 
disciples whose fellowship supported 
their fundamental passion to be Jesus' 
friends by doing "as I (Jesus) have 
commanded you." 

Leaders of this group of radical 
followers of Christ had to be people 
known by the faith community to be 
already tested and proven by life. Amid 
difficult life situations, people sought 
leaders who had shown themselves able 
to speak and act like disciples of Christ 
in the face of danger. People were 
viewed as leaders when their actions 
and words heartened and gave courage 
to those around them to live the faith 
they professed when being faithful 
could cost their jobs or even their lives, 
leaving families and dependents desti- 
tute. Thus leaders usually were local 
people whose lives also held few if any 

secrets from their neighbors, people 
who could be entrusted with spiritual or 
moral power over decisions affecting the 
common life. 

Nearly all the leaders who were 
publically visible in the wider, secular 
community were men. It was important 
that the fellowship's leaders also be 
trusted by people outside the fellowship 
who saw and did business with them 
regularly. Thus prominent business 
people such as Christopher Sauer, a 
colonial publisher prominent in public 
life, were rarer once the Revolutionary 
War began. Those hostilities deprived 
the pacifist (and therefore unaligned 
and mistrusted) Brethren of a good 
public reputation in the broader commu- 
nity (also making their physical well- 
being less secure). Then as now, 
Brethren leaders both "shed light" on 
the whole church's nature and inter- 
preted (by their lives) how believers 
behave toward "others" in the broader 
secular community. 

Public acclamation, mid-1 800s to 
mid-1900s. As social, religious, and eco- 
nomic life in the United States changed, 
so did the Church of the Brethren. Until 
now, it had been common for people to 
spend their entire lives in one place. 
Extended families often could gather a 
hundred or more kinfolk for celebra- 
tions. Church gatherings among the 
Brethren resembled a vast multi-family 
party or reunion. But by the 1 850s, 
travel to and from distant places became 
feasible for people such as the Brethren. 

Three changes in leadership charac- 
terized this era. First, some women 
became visible as church leaders and 
preachers. So long as women leaders 
were active only locally, they were 
fundamentally seen as extensions of men 
to whom they were attached — fathers, 

husbands, sons. Thus, while women had 
been leaders already in the first period, 
they rarely held office. In this behavior, 
Brethren reflected the general culture. 
Brethren courage to be Jesus' disciples 
even against the cultural consensus had 
traditionally concentrated on religious 
and moral behavior, not on challenging 
social norms. Throughout their history, 
Brethren have largely accepted the sarm 
social values as their neighbors. 

But in a context where church life 
was no longer limited by local social 
arrangements, women and men were 
free to exercise the leadership appro- 
priate to newly important regional and 
national dynamics among believers. So, 
for example, women organized local, 
regional, and national "aid societies" to 
raise funds for missions. 


' omen had always assisted in life 
passages and threats — birth, illness, and 
death. But now, women became mis- 
sionaries and nurses without being 
attached to men. Women also began to 
teach and preach. An elder (male) on a 
committee sent to counsel with Sarah 
Major for preaching in defiance of 
Annual Meeting disapproval said, in 
reference to the committee's retreat, "I 
could not give my vote to silence 
someone who could outpreach me." (Se 
"She Kept on Preaching," April 1975.) 

The second change in the mid- 1800s 
was the emergence of "weighty Breth- 
ren." Pastoral leaders had traditionally 
been a "team" of ministers, and usually 
included a male from all "major" 
families in the congregation. But now 
Brethren struggles often were as severe 
within the community as between 
believers and the wider community. 

This new need called for a new sort 

;>f leader in addition to what the church 
needed when its fundamental struggle 
vas coping like an extended family with 
Hostile religious (and political) neigh- 
bors. "Weighty Brethren" were (usually 
nale) church members known and 
ooked to as gifted leaders and trustwor- 
hy people well beyond their congrega- 
ions or geographies. These leaders had 
aroven able to serve the church when 
jnternal dissent and struggle arose. 
■ The third change came during the 
jatter part of the 1 800s. Brethren and 
iisters were at the forefront of the 
Sunday school movement in the United 
States, especially in Virginia. Brethren 
oined the prohibition movement and 
:hanged their historical communion 
practice from the use of wine to grape 
uice. The Brethren founded academies 
md colleges. They became active in the 
foreign mission movement. They 
established a publishing house, denomi- 
national headquarters, and a seminary 
and Bible school for the sake of local, 
district, regional, national, and mission 
leadership support and training. 
. Despite resistance, these "new" 
.activities flourished. By the mid- 1900s, 
:he Church of the Brethren in the United 
States was at its numerical and economic 
zenith. It also was at a crucial, though 
2ssentially unrecognized, turning point 
in its life. 

The advent of "weighty Brethren," the 
visibility of women, and the emergence 
.of concerns, practices, and institutions 
common to Christians throughout the 
United States, signaled that the Church 
of the Brethren had come to be at home 
in the society it had adopted. 

The institution, mid-1900s to 1992. 
The late 20th century saw the church 
begin to mirror both the society and 
other churches in the society. New 
leadership patterns emerged once more, 
in part replacing and in part joining 
existing dynamics. The two major new 
leadership characteristics during this 
time were the emergence of popular, 
| charismatic leaders who elicited the 
'church's vision and energy, and an 
increasing emphasis on professionalism 
for managing the church's business. 

Charismatic leaders, although some of 

them held church offices or jobs, were 
kept to the margins of official church 
structure and power. Thus people such as 
M. R. Zigler, Dan West, and Anna Mow 
(to name only a few, and to name only 
persons now deceased) greatly contri- 
buted to the church's life. They ener- 
gized many church people of all ages, 
eliciting vigor, generosity, and passion- 
ate commitment as their vision was 
directed toward serving their "far" as 
well as their "near" neighbors. These 
charismatic leaders were visible, well 
known, loved, and held in highest 

esteem well beyond the Brethren 
communion. But they failed to fit the 
professional profile and/or be institution- 
ally loyal in the way that was coming to 
be expected of salaried leaders. 

The church that once "had" many 
institutions had begun to order its life as 
an institution. Now congregations 
supported the general offices through 
unified giving, transferring the power of 
program and direction from the local to 
the national level. Brethren colleges 
became "church-related" and sought a 
base of support broader than the Church 

A long look at ministry 

The Committee on Ministerial Leadership has been given a substantial responsibility 
by Annual Conference. Even though the committee's task has been outlined in six 
mandates, the net effect of the requests has been to have the committee undertake a 
five-year evaluation of Church of the Brethren understandings, practices, and proce- 
dures for calling, nurturing, training, and sustaining its leadership. They also have 
been given the authority to recommend changes to the denominational partners who 
have helped to form the committee and pay its expenses — Annual Conference, the 
General Board, and Bethany Theological Seminary. 

Now into its second year, the committee has done extensive reading and data- 
gathering on its assignment and has formed critical questions for further conversation. 
These questions could shape future recommendations for action. 

Has the church been calling its people into leadership with the assumption that 
full-time salaried ministries await them? What would it mean to discern gifts for 
ministry and call and send people into service without the expectation of jobs? 

Is the church well served by the current procedures through which leaders are 
brought into employed positions in the church? Open candidating for congregational 
pastorates, district openings, and denominational jobs allows for access by many 
people, but does that same system complicate and confuse the strength and clarity of 
the church's call to given individuals? 

A series of questions both for congregations and leaders emerges from the stories 
about new pastor start-up ministries. Are expectations of congregations for newly 
trained and graduated ministers appropriate? Can one embody all the gifts expected of 
a minister? Are those expectations too culturally conditioned? Have they been too 
closely tied to job performance? 

Would an active denominational guidance process provide some of the strengths 
that were present in the church when the eldership functioned at its best? 

Can the church find better ways of understanding, calling, and supporting the set- 
apart ministry in light of its heritage of the ministry of all believers? 

The Committee on Ministerial Leadership reports regularly to the supporting 
partners and to Annual Conference Standing Committee. But it welcomes conversa- 
tions with any concerned individuals and groups in the church. Committee members 
are Warren Groff (chairman), Jan Eller, Guillermo Encarnacion, William Hayes, Mary 
Jessup, Craig Myers, Jon Park, and Elaine Sollenberger. John Cassel and Paul 
Hoffman have observer status, and Robert E. Faus serves as staff to the committee. 
— Robert E. Faus 

Robert E. Faus is consultant for ministry on the Parish Ministries Commission staff. 

June 1992 Messenger 21 

Forward . . . seeking the mind of Christ 


Recently I was asked point-blank if, in relation to the wider Christian church, 
it isn't time for Brethren to throw in the towel. My first reaction was to be 
offended by the question. Why would anyone ask such a thing? But as I 
thought more about the question, I decided that, indeed, it is time for us to 
throw in the towel. 

Our special calling as Brethren is to witness by word and deed that service, 
peace, and reconciliation are an essential part of the gospel. Nothing symbolizes 
this more than the feetwashing service — the towel and the basin. Most Christian 
traditions celebrate communion with the sacramental elements of bread and cup. 
Brethren remember the upper room event with a love feast that includes the 
towel and the basin. In our relation to the wider church, it is time for us to throw 
in the towel. 

Brethren remember that Jesus asked a reluctant Peter to allow his feet to be 
washed. " 'Unless I wash (your feet) you have no share with me' " (John 13:8). 
The memory is a tap root for the Brethren concern for peace, service, and 

A recent conference of the World Council of Churches focused on how 
First- World Christians are to relate to Christians of the "two-thirds" world. The 
suggestion was made that we stand with and assist them. Further it was noted 
that no passage in the New Testament symbolizes this better than John 13. The 
sister in attendance from our denomination was asked to help lead in a 
feetwashing service for all. It was time to throw in the towel. 

Brethren helped to initiate Church World Service, and we continue to 
contribute 10 percent to most of its disaster projects. Brethren initiated CROP, 
Heifer Project, Brethren Volunteer Service, and SERRV. In the World Council 
of Churches, we lead in calling for nonviolence and reconciliation as the 
authentic Christian witness. When we meet with evangelical groups, we Breth- 
ren remind them that evangelism must include a witness to peace and reconcilia- 
tion to be true to the New Testament. 

When I was asked recently whether our relation to the wider Christian 
church is at a time for us to throw in the towel, I was offended. But, upon further 
reflection, I believe nothing could be closer to the truth. — Donald E. Miller 

Donald E. Miller is general secretary of the Church of the Brethren. 

of the Brethren. Brethren youth corre- 
spondingly attended colleges that would 
best meet their vocational needs. 
Bethany Seminary became a school to 
train professional church leaders, with its 
top executive appointed by the board, its 
daily life administered by a staff, its 
budget entrusted to fundraisers, and its 
students taught by the faculty. 

Leadership patterns among congrega- 
tions varied, reflecting both their 
specific history and their particular 
settings and circumstances. Some 
congregations with a relatively stable 
geographical membership retained the 
unsalaried or "free" ministry, in which 
leaders were called from the local 

22 Messenger June 1992 

community. Other congregations went 
to unsalaried programs such as Educa- 
tion For Shared Ministry (EFSM) to 
keep their small church alive, while still 
others hired one or more (or less!) 
pastors who were trained as degree or 
TRaining in Ministry (TRIM) profes- 
sionals in the Church of the Brethren or 
another communion. 

The Church of the Brethren under- 
standing about the "office" and gender 
of leaders consistently has matched its 
self-understanding in its changing 
contexts. That is, how Brethren have 
involved and seen themselves in the 
broader society, and how particular 
congregations' experience, understand- 

ings, and values shape their perceptions, 
fears, and affirmations, have, over the 
years, shaped and changed understand- 
ings of what leadership is needed and 
who may be a leader. 

One can summarize the leadership 
patterns of these three epochs this way: 

• When Brethren experienced them- 
selves "over against" society, their 
leaders tended to be local members 
whose authority in the community arose 
out of and was grounded in the respect 
they received from the wider civic 
community and from their proven ability 
to meet difficulty faithfully and with 
energy and courage. 

• As Brethren became part of their 
civic communities, a second sort of 
leader emerged to join the first: 

a) "weighty Brethren" able to exercise 
authority in matters of inner-church 
dissent; b) leaders whose vision and 
energy led Brethren to build institutions 
such as colleges, a publishing house, and 
a seminary so that Brethren might enjoy 
the social benefits enjoyed by "others" 
and still keep the moral values that made 
Brethren Brethren . . . and also contrib- 
ute to reforming the social fabric of the 
nation, itself (through Sunday schools, 
mission efforts, and prohibition); and 
c) charismatic Brethren known through- 
out and beyond the denomination who 
inspired new generations to committed 

• As Brethren began managing 
institutions as businesses, leaders judged 
able to "do the job" as professionals and 
willing to be utterly loyal came to be 
appointed to their office by boards or 
search committees who chose them. 

Leadership in the Church of the 
Brethren, as in other churches, has 
reflected the prevailing social values of 
the nation in which Brethren live. Yet, 
the social status of church leaders and 
pastors diminished in each epoch. 
Moreover, the social status of church 
leaders (and the churches) decreased in 
direct relation to their significant 
involvement in wider community life. 

Professional church leaders, of course, 
could be less involved when they 
became too mobile to be a meaningful 
part of the broader community. But as 
church leaders became less significant 
in the "world," they became more 

dependent on their importance to church 
oeople. The lowered status of pastors 
Jtuid church leaders in the social fabric 
ilso corresponded with the church's 
increased willingness to "allow" women 
and other non-traditional people) in 
eadership, but also with widespread 
resistance within congregations to 
ivomen, ethnics, or people of color as 
lastors or significant church leaders. 
I During the Church of the Brethren's 
lifferent epochs, each "sort" of leader 
iame into office by a different route and 
lixercised leadership in different ways. 
Likewise, different scriptures were used 
io validate how pastors and other leaders 
| vere selected (the process or means of 
election, the nature of leadership 
} jffices, and who received what sort of 
! >ayment), and who was an appropriate 
leader (age, race, gender, ethnicity, and 
professional qualifications needed). 


hat it now means to be a pastoral or 
ither leader in the Church of the 
•Jrethren largely mirrors the cultural 
•resuppositions and accepted social 
latterns and contexts of persons who 
nake leadership selections. The degree 
b which Brethren mirrored or differed 
rom the surrounding culture is a reason 
yhy the acceptability and presence (or 
ibsence) of women, people of color, and 
«rsons other than "Anglos" in official 
aadership capacity has differed in each 
>poch, and still differs from area to area 
nd congregation to congregation. 
I Like other denominations in the 
Jnited States, the Church of the 
brethren is entering yet another era of 
nteraction with the religious, social, 
: ultural, political, and economic spheres 
t\ which they live. The concern for 
leadership, so prevalent in the Church of 
tie Brethren, is not unique to it. The 
oncern is found in all "mainstream" 
hurches, that is, churches whose 
nembers seek respectability and status 
n the broader culture about them, 
udging from past patterns, leaders in the 
new" Church of the Brethren epoch will 
|e those who best embody the church's 
[spirations and self-understanding in 
elation to the larger socio-cultural world 
|n which they live. 
i An old challenge now faces Brethren 

anew — whether they can distinguish 
their cultural response from their faith 
responses when they choose leaders and 
exercise leadership in and as the church. 
It is more a business and professional 
than a churchly question if they ask how 
to "solve" the leadership "problem" they 
experience, or even how to call quality 
people into leadership. 

The church's question about quality 
leadership is the same today as it was for 

the Brethren's forebears. The Brethren 
must ask what strengthens church 
members to discern and live boldly the 
faith to which they are called in this day 
and in this place of work 
and life. 


Lauree Hersch Meyer is professor of biblical 
theology and interpretation al Bethany Theological 
Seminary, in Oak Brook, III. This article is an 
adaptation of a presentation she made to a group of 
Korean Brethren ministers in March. 

The Brethren 

A comprehensive program of insurance specifically 
designed and written for Churches of the Brethren. 

A church's insurance needs are wide and varied today. An immense re- 
sponsibility is placed on persons entrusted with the care and stewardship 
of our Brethren "meetinghouses". The Mutual Aid Association of the 
Church of the Brethren's "Churchguard" insurance package has madethat 
responsibility much easier with options that can be tailored specifically for 
your church. 

Look at these features*: 

• Coverages only for Brethren, served by Brethren 

• Full replacement cost provisions 

• All types of property coverages 

• General and professional types of liability 

• Boiler coverages 

• Auto & church bus coverages 

• Pastoral professional liability 

• Bonds 

• Donated labor and sports activities medical 
payments coverages 

• Special parsonage coverages including pastor's 
personal property 

•Available in most states. 

We invite your church to participate in the Mutual Aid 
Association. Since 1885 Mutual Aid Association has been 
designing "CUSTOM COMPREHENSIVE" Insurance Pro- 
grams for the Church of the Brethren. We know and under- 
stand Brethren insurance needs. 


Mutual Aid Association 

of the Church of the Brethren 

Route! • Abilene, Kansas 67410 


A menagerie 
of surprises 

by William 

Mixed Reviews critiques books, films, 
and other products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. The reviews are 
not to be taken as Messenger's 
endorsement, necessarily. Rather, we 
present them as helpful information 
for readers who encounter the 
subjects they treat. 


A fable is a story designed 
to teach a lesson. The 
characters are usually talking 
animals who act very much 
like people. When the 
characters are human, they 
act surprisingly like exotic 
animals unwittingly caught 
in the relational traps they 
set for themselves. So fables 
are really playful menageries 
that unsettle our assumptions 
of the way we think things 
should be. 

Edwin Friedman is an 
ordained Rabbi, lecturer, and 
respected family therapist 
who has written a book of 
fables titled Friedman's 
Fables (The Guilford Press, 
1990, $19.95). His purpose is 
to teach, not by telling us 
what we must do, but by 
helping us use our imagina- 
tions so that we may ask the 
right questions about the 
nature of our relationships. 

The result is a provocative 
yet playful look at what we 
assume relationships should 
be and why those assump- 
tions create more problems 
than healing. 

What makes these fables 
so powerful is that they lure 
us into the crucible of our 
family and congregational 

For example, in "The 
Bridge" a man is walking on 
a bridge to his new destiny. 

Another comes to him, hands 
him one end of a rope, and 
then jumps off the bridge 
with the other end of the 
rope tied to his waist. 

This forces the man to 
hold on to the rope to save 
the other from sure death. 
The one hanging below the 
bridge tells the man on the 
bridge that he is responsible 
for him: He must hold on to 
the rope or else his life will 
be lost. Will the man hold on 
to save the other or let the 
rope go? 

So we are led to wonder: 
Are there those in our 
families who make us take 
responsibility for them? Are 
there those in our churches 
who do this? Do we hang on 
to them or let them go? 

With fables like this, 
Friedman helps us to 
understand the issues of 
communication, and the 
need for someone in any 
relational system to say, 
"This is who I am." 

His creativity with regard 
to this is remarkable. There 
are the peaceful animals who 
acquiesce to a bloody tiger, 
the scavenger fish who 
decided no longer to eat the 
refuse in the fishbowl, the 
bird who does not want to 
leave the nest, and the 
myopic spider caught in the 

symmetry of her own web. 

Not only do we learn 
about ourselves, but we also 
receive a glimpse into the 
problems of Adam and Eve's 
family, the thoughts of Marx 
Freud, and Moses, and a 
compelling retelling of 
Cinderella's story by Cindy': 
very own stepmother. 

There are 24 fables in all, 
a menagerie of surprises, 
wonder, depths, and humor. 

We Brethren love our 
relationships . . . maybe too 
much. They are the center of 
our theology and ethics. 
Maybe we should recenter 
them in the playful mena- 
geries of fables. We may 
even learn that relationships 
are more healthy and fun if 
we do not take them so 

If I say you must read this 
book, it will only indicate 
my failure to comprehend it. 
On the other hand, if I tell 
you that I am not responsible 
for what you read, indeed, 
not responsible for you at 
all, you may just want to 
take some time and read 
Friedman s Fables, if for no 
other reason than to learn 
why you are not responsible 
for me and what I 


William Haldeman-Scarr is co- 
pastor ofMoxham Church of the 
Brethren, in Johnstown, Pa. 

24 Messenger June 1992 



"I have used Guide for many years and find fhe new format 
refreshing. You have also had some good writers in recent 

Wilbur Hoover 
McPherson, Kansas 

-jhe fresh new look of Guide reminds me of the Brethren tradi- 
tion of coming back to the Bible again and again to hear 
what new thing God is saying to us through scripture." 

Rick Gardner 

Bethany Theological Seminary 

"A Guide for Biblical Studies is a disciplined study of the Bible 
that encourages us to share about practical applications of 
our faith." 

Norma Word.Catherine Wamer.Ethel Veam.Ulo Jean Kreitzer 
Mack Memorial Church of fhe Brethren 
Dayton. Ohio 

Flagging an issue 

I object to the ad running in Messenger 
for the J.M. Stewart Corporation, 
because it overtly offers flags for use 
in churches. 

A few of us pastors are out here 
fighting a raging battle with nationalism 
and the current ravages of widespread 
church/state syncretism. We asked for 
help from Annual Conference, and 
Standing Committee denied us that help. 

Civil religion is now so dominant in 
our congregations that pastors who 
uphold our Brethren stance that "all war 
is sin" find themselves in severe conflict 

The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should he brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, 1L 60120. 

with a significant portion of their 

If our peace position dies, the denomi- 
nation will die, because we will have 
abandoned our corporate calling. 

Steven W. Mason 
Harrisonburg, Va. 

'Amen!' to a name change 

I say a loud "Amen!" to Peggy Reiff 
Miller's March letter, "A Name Change 
Would Help." 

From my pastoral service in Virginia 
and Maryland, I know there is a lot of 
name recognition in the East in the 
"Church of the Brethren." Out here in 
the West, however, our denomination 
has little or no name recognition. 

A moment of truth came recently as I 
conducted an inquirer's class for new 
participants. The session ended with 
participants expressing their likes and 
dislikes. They were unanimous in their 
dislike for our denominational name. 

They said it gives the impression 
that we are a church for men only; 
that women are not welcome, or are 
second-class participants. They also 

(D©vmm fmr (Mmmmir! 



Thursday, July 2, 1992, 5 p.m. 

Annual Conference 
Richmond, Virginia 

National Public Radio's 


Host of "Weekend Edition" 



a Bridgewater College 
alumni quartet 

From left: Edgar Wilkerson, Jim 
Bryant, Earl Rowland, Jerry Warn pier 

said the name sounds like that of an 
uninviting sect. 

When will our name change to reflect 
the peace, loving fellowship, and other 
values that we hold most dear? Our 
denomination's name is projecting an 
image in today's world that is not in our 
best interest. 

Jeff Glas 
San Diego, Calij 

Believe and study the Bible 

I cannot see how the February article 
"Brethren and Evangelical: Is the Fit a 
Good One?" can ever pass the salvation 
test. The writer seems not to believe in 
the infallible Word of God, but sees the 
Bible, rather, as a story or a fairy tale. 
For example, he says "The Bible is the 
family story of the people of God." 

Never in the Bible are we told "to see 
what God has been trying to do in the 
life and faith of all peoples." Nor are we 
told "to honor Jesus as Lord" by openin; 
"our ears to the religious stories and 
experiences of non-Christians." 

Just the opposite. We were told, in the 
days of Law, to destroy all the non-Jews 
and, in the dispensation of grace, to 
witness to and teach all non-Christians 
what Jesus has said and done in his life 
on earth. 

Let us not waste our time studying 
Chinese classics, or Buddhism, or Islam. 
The more I study the Bible the more I 
recognize the superior wisdom in it. 

Hsu-Chao Hi 
El Cerrito, Call) 

Learning from Ashland 

I enjoyed the article "Meet The Brethren 
Church" (March). As a 1990 graduate of 
Ashland Theological Seminary, I grew 
to appreciate The Brethren Church and 
its leadership. 

Being conservative, I found a remark- 
able congruence of that denomination's 
position with my own, not to mention 
my home congregation and the congre- 
gation I now pastor. 

Perhaps Bethany Seminary could lean 

26 Messenger June 1992 

rom this Brethren Church seminary 
vhose enrollment consistently has grown 
>ver the past two decades. 

Craig Alan Myers 
Columbia City. Ind. 

.ove feast reflections 

lie April photo essay on love feast 
nspired me. I was a care giver for an 88- 
'ear-old Catholic man. I was asked to 
vash his feet, because he no longer 
ould bend down to do it himself. 

I told him, "Of course. I will be glad 
o wash your feet. We Brethren are used 
o that." I explained our custom, and he 
vas appreciative and touched by that 
-.pedal care and "laying on of hands." 
! He died this week. Having spent many 
,iours with him these past six months, I 
vill remember him and his faith. He told 
me of visions and healings he had had. I 
»ave him communion bread left over 
Tom our Brethren love feast, and we 
flrank grape juice made from the fruit of 
lis vines. 

The love feast has come to life and 
lad greater meaning because I was able 
o partake of it with a friend. 

June Snell 
Auburn, III. 

• "Amen!" to Messenger's support of 
he traditional love feast in the April 
issue. Feetwashing, love feast, and 
;ommunion are a trilogy of spiritual 
experiences that bring me closer to the 
trilogy of the Father, Son, and Holy 
Spirit. I do, however, appreciate a 
simple bread and cup communion a few 
rimes a year during Sunday service. 

Thanks for Glenn Mitchell's photo 
essay. It was splendid. 

Judd Mellinger-Blouch 
Hershey, Pa. 

Not all have the gift 

In response to the March letter "BVS 
Should Spread the Gospel," being 
disenchanted with the church is not the 
|same as turning away from Christianity. 
I Although I am active in the Church of 

the Brethren, I often am uncomfortable 
with the institution of the church. 
Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) offers 
an opportunity to minister to people's 
needs, which is part of what Christianity 
means to me. 

BVS allows us to use our individual 
gifts, rather than asking that we all 
exercise the same gift. Paul writes in 

1 Corinthians 12:5-7, "There are 
varieties of services, but the same Lord; 
and there are varieties of activities, but it 
is the same God who activates all of 
them in everyone. To each is given the 
manifestation of the Spirit for the 
common good." 

Shel Eller 
Des Moines, Iowa 





Bub ami Shirlq Wagoner 


"I was there — a commuter 
student in-and-out of Bethany 
Seminary in the 1950s. Bob and 
Shirley Wagoner left for their six- 
month visit to Primavera; and it 
was to Bethany they returned with 
the report which is now this book." 
— Vernard Eller, 
University of La Verne, CA 

"Both Bob and Shirley have an excellent writing style, one which 
invites the reader to empathetically participate in the joys, the sorrows, 
the meetings, the marriages, the daily life of the community — It was 
especially significant for me as it was written through Brethren eyes." 

— Dale Brown, Bethany Theological Seminary 

in Paraguay 

l Visit to the Bmdenhof 

Bob Wagoner, PhD 

Professor of Philosophy 
at Juniata College 

Shirley Wagoner, PhD 
reading specialist, Montgomery 
County schools, Maryland 

Order Department 
Plough Publishing House 
RD 2 Box 446 
Farmington, PA 15437 

Please send me: 

□ free catalog of PLOUGH books 

□ Community in Paraguay $13.00 
280 pp, softcover, over 150 
photos and drawings 



June 1992 Messenger 27 

On vision, transition, diversity 

Ronald E. H. Faus 

We cannot be 
'global rescuers' 

When my 6-year-old son heard of a 
local man in need of housing, he 
exclaimed, "He can stay with us. We'll 
help anybody." 

My son has internalized the gospel 
theme currently highlighted by our 
"Vision for the '90s" promotional 
material, a theme we share with the 
animated characters known as "The 
Rescuers": "We'll help anybody, 

This is a noble goal. But while "our 
Father's house has many dwelling 
places," the parsonage my family 
inhabits has space limitations. My 
family cannot solve everyone's shelter 
needs. And, in the same sense, the 

To hold in respect and fellowship those in the 
church with whom we agree or disagree is a 
characteristic of the Church of the Brethren. It is to 
the continuation of this value, and to an open and 
probing forum, that "Opinions" are invited from 

We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
"Opinions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
of what we receive. All "Opinions" are edited for 
publication. ,,,,;,, 



Church of the Brethren does not have 
the resources to continue to "help 
anybody, anywhere." 

At the close of a "Vision for the '90s" 
presentation, one of my congregation's 
board members asked an excellent ques- 
tion: "How is the 'Vision for the '90s' 
different from the 'vision for the '80s'?" 
When I read the "Goals for the '90s," I 
see that the bulk of the goals emphasize 
congregation-strengthening efforts. 
When I watch the promotional video, I 
see a continuation of the past vision: 

The Church of the Brethren 
can no longer afford to be 

'global re setters.' 

Let's confine our outreach 

to areas in which we are 

involved in evangelism. 

"We'll help anybody, anywhere." 

In Messenger I read with a pained 
sense of pride about one of our Brethren 
ambassadors to the world extending the 
"Agricultural Exchange Program" to 
members of the Commonwealth of 
Independent States (April, page 7). I 
know it is a good program and certainly 
it is needed in those countries. But how 
is this program's expansion a part 

28 Messenger June 1992 

Serve with MESSENGER as an 
editorial assistant for one year or 
more. Position description 
adjusted to fit your skills and 
interests. Journalism training 
required. Experience with a 
magazine or newspaper preferred. 
Intern serves through Brethren 
Volunteer Service (BVS) program. 


Kermon Thomasson, editor 

> Messenger 

1451 Dundee Ave. 
Elgin, IL 60120 

(800) 323-8039 

of our "Goals for the '90s"? 

Disaster relief is a wonderful ministn 
of outreach for us. I wonder, however, 
whether sending $1,000 to China 
following a typhoon is a significant 
contribution. We need a narrower focus 
to our mission as a denomination to fret 
us and our staff from thinking we must 
respond to every crushing need that 
happens to make the evening news. 

We no longer can afford to be "globa 
rescuers." Let's consider confining our 
outreach to areas in which we are 
involved in evangelism, so that we hav< 
an active linkage of the proclamation ol 
Christ with living out the "reign of God 
that Jesus proclaimed. 

It is not up to us to bind everyone's 
wounds. But think of the good we coulc 
do in Christ's name in a few places — 
Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rict 
and South Korea, for example — if our 
evangelism included well-financed 
assistance to build healthy, Christ- 
centered communities with appropriate 
technological and agricultural assistano 

I anxiously await a more focused 
vision for the Church of the Brethren. 

I have no desire to see "The 
Rescuers" go under. 


Ronald E. H. Faus is pastor of the Charlottesvil 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren. 

Jack Fairweather 

The Holy Spirit 
is working here 

With all due respect to my brothers and 
sisters in the Brethren Revival Fellow- 
ship and the organizers of the "Brethren 
in Transition" conference (January, pagi 
6), I suggest that the Brethren are, 
indeed, in transition because the Spirit i 
working among us. 

We are discovering that we have a 
wonderful, biblically based message for 
our brothers and sisters in the Third 
World and in the inner cities and the 

epressed rural areas. We are beginning 
relate to, understand, and learn from 
lose who practice charismatic worship, 
lose who are reaching out to us from 
le fringes of questionable lifestyles, and 
lose who have been beaten, literally 
nd figuratively, by the materialistic, 
;lf-centered society around us. 
Yes, we are in transition. We must be. 

We must challenge those 

who don't want the 

marginalized, the people of 

color, or the poor and 
oppressed to participate in 
the Church of the Brethren. 

Ne must challenge, with love and 
oncern, those who are uncomfortable 
! vith the participation in our denomina- 
ion of those who are marginalized, of 
leople of color, of the poor and op- 
pressed from the Third World and the 
First World. 

As we pray our way through this tran- 
sition, we must serve as prophets of 
denunciation. Like Old Testament pro- 
phets, we must call for the conversion of 
ooth the oppressed and the oppressor. 
We must help transform human relation- 
ships and provide for justice for the vast 
majority in anticipation of God's 
kingdom on earth. 


Jack Fairwearher is pastor of Douglas Park 
Church of the Brethren, Chicago, III. 

Jeffrey D. Scott 

Blend us in 
our diversity 

Rick Gardner's insights in his February 
article on "Brethren and Evangelical" 
ire inspirational and timely. I appreciate 
:heir being widely read throughout the 

Having come into the Church of the 
Brethren from another denomination 

o$t Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint "Pontius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann, 111 Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. 

PREDTCA.D Alice that 

— ~V 

( > 








. _ iro±±\y THI 


Take Hold of Your Future 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Kevin Davidson, a senior at 
McPheison College, with his parents, 
Kenneth and Dorothy Davidson. 

"McPherson College is a community. The professors care for the students, and the students care for each 
other. In a caring environment, the student can develop all aspects of his life. " 

— Kenneth Davidson ('66) and Dorothy Delp Davidson ('65) 

Welda. Kansas 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per rear 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 


Yes, I want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
liability of 

Address . 


. State . 

. Zip . 

Phone {_ 

. Year of Graduation . 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office. McPherson College. 
P.O. Box 1402, McPherson, KS 67460 or 
call collect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability 

June 1992 Messenger 29 

several years ago, my enthusiasm for our 
church continues to increase. I was 
delighted to see the surge of interest in 
church growth and renewal evident at 
the Portland Annual Conference. 

While my own excitement moves me 
to proclaim both our faith and our 
church, it is obvious that some of our 
members are uncomfortable with a more 
openly evangelical way of looking at our 
calling. This leads to tensions among us. 

Brother Gardner's theses will help 
many of us understand better how to 
integrate other aspects of our Brethren 
tradition and beliefs with our desire to 
"proclaim the Good News." I hope his 
article will help us get past the "hang- 
ups" that are triggered by certain labels 

Church Signs A 

From the 



America's Church Sign Company 


Evangel 21 

A quarterly magazine for members 
of the Church of the Brethren 

Toll-free subscription line 

10 a.m. to 5 p.m. E.S.T/C.D.T. 
Subscription rates: 
One year $10 Two years $18 
Three years $26 Lifetime $150 

Credit card orders only, please. 
Please have your card handy when calling. 

and allow us to move on to substantive 
and meaningful reflection and dialog. 
I hope, too, that all of us will be in 
prayer for God's guidance as we attempt 
to blend new members coming into the 

Rick Gardner's theses help 

ms understand better how to 

integrate other aspects of 

our Brethren tradition and 

beliefs with our desire to 

'proclaim the Good News.' 

Church of the Brethren with those who 
have been a part of it for many years. 
We need God's guidance also as we 
blend the various concerns and perspec- 

From the 

Office of Human Resources 

Executive, Northern Plains District 

— serve as executive of the district 


— strong management & administrative 

skills & experience 
— pastoral experience & theological 

training desired 

Deadline: June 4, 1992 

For additional information contact: 
Donald Rowe 
Box 188 
New Windsor, MD 21776 

tives that we voice in our struggle to be 
both faithful and improving disciples of 
Jesus Christ. 

As we pray, let us keep these things in 

• The differences among us are not 
necessarily bad, as long as we do not let 
them undermine our love and respect for 
each other. 

• As Brethren we are called to be open 
to new truths; we must, therefore, listen 
carefully and respectfully to each other. 

• We must be modest about our own 
insights and gifts, yet be quick to 
appreciate those of others. 

• We must subdue our preconceived 
notions sufficiently to allow the Holy 
Spirit to guide us as a body. 

• In our intramural as well as our 
external dialog, we must keep in our 
hearts the wisdom of our Annual 
Conference peace paper: "In proclaim- 
ing the gospel, peacemakers are called tc 
bless and not demean others." 

In my short time in our denomination, 
I have been given many gifts and in- 
sights from sisters and brothers with ver> 
different perspectives on what God is 
calling us to do. I cherish the Church of 
the Brethren, and I believe that God has 
much important work yet in store for us. 

All of us share a responsibility for the 
health and best interests of our church. 
May this always be in the 
forefront of our concerns. 


Jeffrey D. Scott, a lamer, is a member of the 
Westminster (Md.) Church of the Brethren. 


DON'T BE HEARTLESS— We want willing people to give 
their time, talents and yes, their hearts to the needs of our 
world. If you are going to Annual Conference, have a heart 
and come visit the Brethren Volunteer Service booth. There 
you can write a heartwarming letter to a current BVSer and 
win prizes for guessing the number of hearts in the BVS jar. 
Also, don't miss the BVS luncheon with inspiring messages 
and dynamictestimonies. For more info, contact: BVS, 1 451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. Tel. (800) 323-8039. 

WANTED— Herdsman. Brethren couple starting dairy farm. 
100 registered cows. Illinois. Prefer college degree, but 
modern experience, diligence welcome. Benefits. Salary 
commensurate with skills, experience. Contact Fred Stout, 
AJCC Area Representative, R. 1 , Box 210, Mount Carmel, 
IL 62863. Tel. (618)262-8375. 

30 Messenger June 1992 

FOR SALE— Planning to print 500 copies of Michael Miller 
and Susannah Bechtol, immigrants to Pa. and Md., and 
descendants. Write for information; incl. long SASE. These 
books available: Ziegler Family Recotd— Revised. 1990, 
$32.50; John Mason and Mary Ann Miller of Vitginia. 1 986, 
$31 .50; John Wampler and Magdalena Garber, in process. 
Va. residents add $1 state sales tax. Floyd R. Mason, 118 
Wayside Drive, Bridgewater, Va. 22812. 

TRAVEL— Back pack trail hikes. Adults and youth are 
invited to join 1 1 other persons mountain trekking in wilder- 
ness or national park in Washington Cascades. Outdoor 
Ministries Association sponsored. August 8-14: Wonder- 
land Trail on Mount Rainier; August 17-22: The Enchant- 
ments in Alpine Lakes Wilderness. Cost: $125, one hike. 
$200, both hikes. Registration deadline: July 10. Contact 

Marvin Thill, R. 5, Box 950, Warrensburg, MO 64093. Tel. 

SINGLES— Crossroads, Mennonite introduction service, 
now has a monthly newsletter. Present clients' ads contain- 
ing age, area, interests, tor you to choose from. This is easy, 
private way to meet those friends you have been hoping for. 
For free sample copy, write to Crossroads, Box 32, N. 
Tonawanda, NY 14120. 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga., join Faithful Servant Church 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a.m. 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail Rd. 
and I-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact pastor Don 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796, or John and Debbie Hammer 
(404) 448-9092, 5584 Wilmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092. 


i^ton, Shen.: Kevin Caricofe, 
Sarah Dean, Peter Brunk. 
Jennifer Pence, Derek 
Erbaugh, Chris Lindsay, 
Matthew Vandevander, Sarah 
Wenger, Kathy Rusmisel, 
Randy May, Evah & Richard 
Roller, Kate Reeve 
irney Keedy Chapel 
Fellowship, Mid-Atl.: Mary 
Spickler, Anna Kinney, John 
Bowie. Irvin Davis 
it-Rockl'ord. Ill./Wis.: Jenni, 
Christine, & Matthew 

it-York, S. Pa.: John Kovacs, 
Deborah Stover 
ndale-Ariz., Pac. S.W.: David 
Bandy, Larry & Sherri 
Gamble, Ginny Nichols, Sonja 
Sema. Brent & Tammie 
Smith, Alan & Delores 
Berkebile, John & Mary 
Richardson, Inga Kronlund 
ndora, Pac. S.W.: Amy & 
Megan Crawford, David 
Powell. Eric Schubert. Scott 
Snider, Chad Tucker, Amy 

■enville, S. Ohio: Sheila 
Robinson, Shirl Baker, Emma 
Winters, Kathleen Hart 

rtville, N. Ohio: Sandy Baker. 
Cora. Bertha, & Harold 
Ringer, Elmer, Bonnie. & 
Todd Wagler. Ray Klundt, 
Sherry Morgan, Darcee 
Domer, Tawna & Darla 
Hershberger, Pamela & 
Dennis Stewart, Harvey 

itetler, W. Pa.: Aaron 
McKinney, Heather Lohr, 
Jane Shultz 

kson Park, S.E.: Alice Correll, 
Brian Cloyd 

nor, Mid-Atl.: Mary Metz 

pie Spring, W. Marva: Peggy 
& Angela Spaid 

chanic Grove, Ad. N.E.: Harry 
& Lori McElrath 

morial, N. Pa.: Mary 
Wineland, Clyde & Ruth 

hler, All. N.E.: Kenneth & 
Phyllis Benner 

apanee, N. Ind.: Jan Geyer, 
I Jason & Janette Ulery, Jared 

rthern Colorado, W. Plains: 

■ Ruth Amos, Michael Cheno- 
weth, Diane Schmachten- 

. berger 

Ice, Ore./Wash.: Bethanie 
:' Wilson, Christy Eller, 
Rebecca Anderson, Doug 

i Heishman 

nee of Peace, N. Ind.: Jack, 
Loma, & Cory Lowe, Melissa 
McBride, Janet & Chris 
Runnel, Robert & Louise 
Scott, Brent & Karen Yoder 

ssville, S/C Ind.: Brad & Tonya 
Blocher, Shawn Hill, Amanda 
Hysong, Sharla & Craig 
Meador, Elizabeth Keller, 
Danielle Knapp, Brooke & 
Nikki Wagoner, Stephanie 
Good, Jaletta Dunk, Phil & 
Jerre Andrew, Susan Stanton, 
April Ferguson, Sylvia 

Stonerstown, M. Pa.: Tesha 

Beach, Ben Hoover 
Syracuse, N. Ind.: Lana Cole, Kay 

Richmond, Kurt Lindsey 
Waterloo, N. Plains: Jayme 

Barrows, Aaron Rousselow, 

Julie Sutherland 

201st BVS 
Orientation Unit 

(Orientation completed Apr. 1 1 . 


Anderson, Philip, San Rafael, 
Calif., to Washington Office 
on Haiti, Washington, D.C. 

Boesger, Melanie, Berea, Ohio, to 
Chicago Religious 
Leadership. Chicago, 111. 

Downing, Thorn, Pittsburg, Pa., to 
project pending 

Gumm, Mary, Grimes, Iowa, to 
SERVE, Inc., Manassas. Va. 

Gunler, Roland, Neuwied, 
Germany, to Project Transi- 
tions, Inc., Austin, Texas 

Hagerman, Tracey, Reading. Pa., 
to Central Evangelical 
Church, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Harter, Carl. Durham. N.H., to 
Wayside Cross Rescue 
Mission, Aurora, 111. 

Hume, Douglas, Louisville, Ky., 
to Washington City Church of 
the Brethren Soup Kitchen, 
Washington, D.C. 

Jackson, Iralene, Huntington, Pa., 
to Victim Offender Recon- 
ciliation. Bloomington, Ind. 

Lenz, Paul, Wedemark, Germany, 
to Prodigals House, Winston- 
Salem, N.C. 

Lotton, Judy, Chino, Calif., to 
Camp Courageous, Monti- 
cello, Iowa 

Mc Andrews. Marilyn, Omaha, 
Neb., to Bread and Roses, 
Olympia, Wash. 

McDonald, Derek, Golden, 
Colo., to Camphill Village, 
Copake, N.Y. 

Petrone, Susan, Cleveland 

Heights, Ohio, to IFOR, The 

Porzgen, Michael, Numberg, 
Germany, to Clarion Alliance, 
Des Moines, Iowa 

Powell, Dave. Glendora, Calif., to 
Catholic Worker House, San 
Antonio, Texas 

Yoder, Jodie, Goshen, Ind., to 
Dove, Inc., Decatur, 111. 


Basler, Lucile, licensed Mar. 21, 

1992, Arlington, Mid-AU. 
Bowman, Mark, licensed Mar. 4. 

1992, Eversole, S.Ohio 
Bruffey, Shirley, ordained Oct. 

31, 1991, White Hill, Shen. 
Cesarano, Michael, licensed Jan. 

18, 1992, Orlando 

Community, Atl. S.E. 
Chun, Ryung, licensed Apr. 23, 

1991, Open Door Fellowship, 

Atl. N.E. 
Chung, Yong Sook. licensed Apr. 

23, 1991, Open Door 

Fellowship, All. N.E. 
Clark, Wanda Mills, licensed 

Mar. 21. 1992, Longmeadow. 

Finley, Donald, licensed Feb. 15. 

1992, Spring Branch. 

Gould, James, ordained Aug. 10, 

1991, Brunswick, Atl. N.E. 
Klaus, Gerald, ordained, Nov. 9, 

1991. Antelope Valley, 

S. Plains 
Kulpe, David, licensed Dec. 7, 

1991, Sun Valley, Atl. S.E. 
Leavenworth, Marie, ordained 

Jan. 18. 1992. Ambler. 

Atl. N.E. 
Moyer, J. Martin, ordained Feb. 

15, 1992. Plum Creek, W. Pa. 
Nation, Mark, licensed Feb. 28, 

1992,Ladera, Pac. S.W. 
Pandya, James, ordained Nov. 16, 

1991,Naperville, Ill./Wis. 
Pittman, Rhonda, licensed Nov. 

26, 1991, Palmyra, All. N.E. 
Snader, John, licensed Oct. 22, 

1991. Ephrata, Atl. N.E. 
Snyder, Ernest, licensed Mar. 21, 

1992, Monocacy, Mid-Atl. 
Whetzel, Bobby, licensed Jan. 30, 

1992, Community Mission, 
Zimmerman, Robert, licensed 
Nov. 26. 1991, First- 
Philadelphia, Atl. N.E. 


Banaszak, David, from seminary 
to Clover Creek, M. Pa. 

Hisey-Pierson, Anna, from semi- 
nary to Boulder Hill, Ill./Wis. 

Jones, Phillip, from seminary to 
Lorida, Atl. S.E. 

Jones, Robert, from Outdoor 
Ministries, Virlina. to Monte 
Vista, Virlina 

Perez, Edwin, from Miami First, 
Atl. S.E., to El Buen 
Samaritano, Atl. S.E. 

Peters, Donald, from White 
Branch, S/C Ind., to 
Christiansburg. Virlina 

Spangler, Keith, from Topeco, 
Virlina, to Bethany, Mid-Atl. 


Bollinger, Ira and Lillian, Ephrata, 

Pa., 60 
Bollinger, John and Mary Emma, 

Ephrata. Pa.. 55 
Brubaker, John & Orelena, 

Lititz, Pa.. 50 
Brubaker, Glenn and Berdie, 

Monrovia, Md., 50 
Buchanan, James and Esther, 

Goshen, Ind., 50 
Kessler, Warren and Mary. 

Caldwell. Idaho, 50 
Layman, Ward and Maxine, 

Dayton, Va., 50 
Murray, Loyd and Margaret, 

Arcadia, Ind., 50 
Nihart, Keith and Ruth, 

Elkhart, Ind., 72 
Paff, William and Elizabeth, 

Elkhart, Ind.. 65 
Pfaltzgraff, Roy and Violet, 

Neffsville, Pa., 50 

Rainey, Horace and Elizabeth, 

Portland. Ore.. 55 
Ranck, Jesse and Elizabeth, 

McVeylown, Pa.. 65 
Wine, J. Albert and Goldie. 

Lakeland. Fla.. 60 


Beach, Pearl. 90, Leonard, Mo.. 

Feb. 23, 1992 
Beach, Elma, 92, Leonard, Mo., 

Feb. 12, 1992 
Beam, Lloyd, 84, Boswell, Pa., 

Dec. 11. 1991 
Berket, Martha, 91, San Antonio. 

Texas. Feb. 8. 1992 
Blough, Earl, 89, Nampa. Idaho, 

Jul. 27, 1991 
Brewer, Robert. 72. Dallas Center. 

Iowa. Mar. 19, 1992 
Bright, Inez, 97, Greenville, Ohio, 

Mar. 20, 1992 
Burd, Marian, 78. Newport. Pa.. 

Feb. 4, 1992 
Callahan, Francis, 73, Goshen, 

Ind., Feb. 18. 1992 
Carey, Ruby. 67. Holsopple, Pa., 

Sep. 23, 1991 
Cox, Horace, 80, Mount Solon, 

Va„Feb. 29, 1992 
Davis, Mildred, 97, Harbor 

Springs, Mich., Jan. 28, 1992 
Ditmore, Samuel. 64, Uniontown. 

Pa., Mar. 9, 1992 
Ebersole, Esther, 75, Martinsburg, 

Pa.. Feb. 24, 1992 
Ebie, Zola, 71, Louisville, Ohio, 

Dec. 31. 1991 
Emerson, David, 72, Rockton, 

Pa„ Mar. 11, 1992 
Fackler, Miriam. 91, Tahlequah, 

Okla., Mar. 2, 1992 
Ford, George, 85, La Verne. 

Calif., Mar. 20, 1992 
France, Amos, 74, Blue Ridge, 

Va.,Sep. 7, 1991 
Garrett, Faye, 45, Blue Ridge, 

Va„Oct. 29, 1991 
Green, Thelma, 70. Fairplay, Md., 

Jan. 26, 1992 
Hadden, Max. 65, Cerro Gordo, 

HI.. Dec. 13,1991 
Hall, Utha, 83. Nampa. Idaho. 

Oct. 18, 1991 
Hart, William, 70, Hartville. 

Ohio, Mar. 2, 1992 
Hartman, Viola, 75, Cross Keys, 

Pa., Feb. 13. 1992 
Heisler, Arthur, 83, N. Man- 
chester, Ind., Feb. 8. 1992 
Hinkle, Leonard, 92, Nampa, 

Idaho, Dec. 27, 1991 
Hofer, Emma, 78, McPherson, 

Kan.. Jul. 26, 1991 
Holbert, Jesse, 76, West Milton, 

Ohio, Dec. 5, 1991 
Hott, Sam. 90. St. Petersburg. 

Fla., Feb. 20, 1992 
Hufford, Oase, 86. Rossville. Ind.. 

Jul. 29. 1991 
Kaufman, Robert. 64, Holsopple, 

Pa„ Aug. 24, 1991 
Kaufman, Mary, 96, Davidsville. 

Pa„Jul. 10,1991 
Kelley, Janet. 54, Herperia, Calif.. 

Mar. 19. 1992 
Kerr, Raymond, 61, Sigoumey, 

Iowa. Feb. 26, 1992 
Kreider, Leah. 96. Neffsville. Pa., 

Feb. 18, 1992 
Marlatt, Elsie, 76. Phoenix. Ariz.. 

Mar. 20, 1992 

Martin, J. Amos. 85. Lititz, Pa.. 

Mar. 10, 1992 
McDermith, Roger. 20. Cerro 

Gordo. III.. Dec. 31. 1991 
McKinley, Vella. 78. Flora. Ind.. 

Mar 14. 1992 
McMinn, Winona. 93. Pittsburgh. 

Pa.. Nov. 15. 1991 
Miles, LeRoy. 80. Leonard. Mo., 

Jan. 28, 1992 
Miller, Sterling, 7 1 , Spring Grove, 

Pa, Jan. 28. 1992 
Moyer, Faye. 92. Sebring. Fla., 

Apr. 8, 1992 
Murray, Orvetta. 100. Johnstown, 

Pa., Aug. 28. 1991 
Musselman, Albert. 68, New 

Enterprise, Pa.. Mar. 10. 1992 
Myers, Alvema. 90. Canton. 

Ohio. Jan. 13. 1992 
Ness, Ray, 52, Seven Valleys, Pa., 

Mar. 5. 1992 
Nichols, Kittie, 96, ScotLsdale, 

Ariz., Feb. 16. 1992 
Oswald, Dorothy, 77, Hartville, 

Ohio, Feb. 18. 1992 
Peters, Florence. 98. Dayton. 

Ohio. Mar. 13, 1992 
Remaly, Thelma, 80. Rossville. 

Ind.. Aug. 26. 1991 
Ringer, Harold, 79, Hartville, 

Ohio, Feb. 18, 1992 
Root, Laura, 87, Greenville. Ohio. 

Mar. 29, 1992 
Roth, Emerson. 92. Rossville, 

Ind., Jul. 29. 1991 
Roush, Fem, 86. Rossville. Ind., 

Nov. 8, 1991 
Rover, David, 80. Rossville, Ind.. 

Jan. 19, 1992 
Savenko, Eunice, 68, Wenatchee. 

Wash., Feb. 19, 1992 
Shank, Frank, 101. Brookville. 

Ohio. Feb. 2. 1992 
Showalter, Russell. 94, Bridge- 
water. Va.. Mar. 18, 1992 
Stump, Ruth, 79. Brandon, Fla., 

Feb. 26, 1992 
Tasker, A. Cecil, 88. Somerset. 

Pa., Jan. 29. 1992 
Taylor, Russell. 84. Goshen, Ind., 

Feb. 12. 1992 
Taylor, James. 60. Elkhart, Ind., 

Jan. 22. 1992 
Thomas, Ethel. 80. Hollsopple. 

Pa. Jan. 21, 1992 
Trent, Margaret. 8 1 . Waterloo, 

Iowa, Dec. 17. 1991 
Trump, Hersey, 65. Roanoke, Va., 

Oct. 22, 1991 
Warn, Lucille, 71, Nampa, Idaho, 

Sep. 24, 1991 
Wayble, Thelma. 83. Hartville, 

Ohio, Oct. 4, 1991 
Weir, Pearl. 83. Davidsville. Pa.. 

Jun. 4. 1991 
Wenger, Awon, 89. Leola. Pa., 

Mar. 7, 1992 
Wenger, Lois. 87, Greenville. 

Ohio. Mar. 27. 1992 
Whited, Virginia. 69. Holsopple. 

Pa., Sep. 27, 1991 
Willahan. Rachel, 67, Riverside, 

Calif., Feb. 16. 1992 
Wilson. Nona, 8 1 , Tonasket. 

Wash., Feb. 21, 1992 
Wine, Galen. 83, Roanoke. Va.. 

Feb. 24. 1992 
Winters, George, 67. Eglon, 

W.V.. Feb. 21, 1992 
Wokaty, Bessie. 95, Conway. 

Kan., Jul. 28. 1991 
Yoder, Viola, 58, Hooversville, 
Pa., Jun. 19, 1991 

June 1992 Messenger 31 

A few quincentenary questions 

In the dispute over Christopher Columbus (see 
"The Politics of Remembering" and accompany- 
ing sidebars, starting on page 14), the crucial 
question is this: Should we judge him by the 
standards of his day or ours? To put it another 
way: Should we consider Columbus in the 
context of the world of 1492 or of 1992? 

We are big on history, down home in 
Virginia. Old times there are not forgotten. We 
trace our ancestors as far back as possible and 
keep their memories fresh. Four centuries or so, 
in Virginians' sight, are like an evening gone. 

Richard and Isabella Pace, my umpteenth 
great-grandparents, came to Jamestown in 1611. 
Another ancestor, William Spencer, was in the 
original Jamestown group of 1607. These 
"ancient planters," as those arriving before 1616 
were known, each received 100 acres of land 
from the London Company. The Paces' 200 
acres were right across the river from Jamestown, 
there on the bluff. They called their plantation 
"Pace's Paines." 

Grandpa Pace liked the Indians. He infor- 
mally adopted a young Indian man, Chanco, and 
Chanco became a Christian. Up river a ways, 
Henrico (pronounced Hen-RIKE-o) College was 
developing, with a lower school for Indians. 
Grandpa Pace supported that Indian school idea. 

In early 1622, the English settlers content- 
edly believed all was going their way, regarding 
the Indians. Chief Opechancanough (pronounced 
Oppy-KAN -ka-noo), successor to his brother 
Powhatan, while professing friendship to the 
English, actually was grimly plotting their 
extinction. It was a marvelously well-kept secret, 
until virtually the last minute. The Indians outdid 
themselves in good deeds and gifts of food to the 
colonists. They mingled freely with them in their 
homes, pulled up to the table, sat around, cracked 
jokes, swapped stories, and generally allayed all 
fears of themselves. 

During the night before Good Friday, 
March 22, 1622, Chanco's brother crept in at 
Pace's Paines, and clued him in on the plot — to 
be implemented later that morning. Chanco was 
told to kill all the Pace family. Instead, Chanco 
woke up Grandpa Pace and alerted him to the 
coming attack. Grandpa Pace saw about the 
defenses of Pace's Paines, then, before dawn, 
rowed a canoe across the river and spread the 
alarm in Jamestown. 

In the early morning, Indians drifted casually 
into every English settlement and home. It being 

Eastertime, the colonists were more unguarded 
than ever in their hospitality. Then, at some 
signal unperceived by the colonists, the Indians 
simultaneously seized whatever weapon or 
implement was at hand, and mowed down every 
man, woman, and child they could lay hands on. 

Only at Jamestown and Pace's Paines, did 
the Indians stroll in to discover themselves 
looking into musket barrels. The "massacre" was 
the biggest one ever pulled off by Indians in 
North America; 349 colonists died, a third of the 
total population. 

It would have been a far different story 
then — and thereafter — had it not been for Chanco 
and Grandpa Pace. No Longfellow immortalized 
that lonely canoe ride across the broad, dark 
river. Just a couple of bronze plaques serve to 
credit Chanco and Grandpa Pace for Jamestown 
surviving to be called today the first permanent 
English settlement in North America. 

Who was right, that Good Friday of March 
22, 1622? And who was wrong? Did the English 
have any business being on land traditionally held 
by the Indians? Was Opechancanough a wicked 
villain for deceiving the English? Do we credit 
Grandpa Pace for taking Chanco in as a son? 
How does Chanco rate for betraying the plot of 
his Indian people? Were the survivors of the 
"massacre" justified in waging war on the Indians 
thereafter? Would justice have been done, and 
Indian dominance of Virginia been maintained 
for all time, if the plot had succeeded? Where we 
hold Annual Conference this summer would 
"noble savages," instead, be frolicking in 
aboriginal forest splendor? No one can answer 
those questions satisfactorily. 


^nd neither can we unravel the history of 
Columbus' deeds in America and, with justice, 
assign guilt and innocence. As anthropologist 
Jorge Klor de Alva says, "We are descended from 
both sides, the conqueror and the conquered. This 
should be a time of great reflection." 

And, as we reflect, there is pride and sorrow 
enough for all of us. So reflect, don't celebrate. 
If you read one balanced account of the conquest 
of America, see one good documentary on Native 
Americans, or — best of all — (if you are descen- 
dants of the conquerors) meet some Indians of 
today face-to-face and hear their story, you will 
have suitably marked the Christopher Columbus 
quincentenary. — K.T. 

32 Messenger June 1992 

Messenger keeps you in touch with your faith by 
providing Bible studies and inspirational articles that 
help you apply your Christian convictions to everyday 
living. Messenger keeps you in touch with people by 
introducing you to interesting folks across the country, 
reporting on congregational life, and telling you who has 
joined the church recently. Messenger keeps you in 
touch with Brethren life through its roundup of news 
within and around the church, full-length features on the 
church's ministries around the world, clusters on key 
issues facing Brethren, and much more. Join the 
Messenger family. Keep in touch. 

To subscribe, call (800) 323-8039 or send in the form below: 





D Payment of $1 2.50 enclosed. (Make checks payable to General Board/Messenger) 

D Please bill me. 

□ Visa or MasterCard (circle one) 

Card Number 

Exp. Date 




Send Co Messenger Subscriptions. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. II 60120-1694. Or contact tht 
Messenger representative in the Church of the Brethren congregation nearest you. 


We still share many things as brothers 
Our room, activities and the joys of 
gardening, just like we did at home. 

Today, at 99 I still am having fun pa 
tieipating in many planned activities, 
which bring back wonderful memorii 

Living by the woods we can enjoy nature at its best. This is a 
community of caring and support. At our age we don't think it 
gets any better than this! 


Beautiful rural campus convenient to shop- 
ping and recreation. Retire to a comfortable, 
secure community offering lifestyle choices to 
fit your needs. Accredited by the Continuing 
Care Accreditation Commission of the 
American Association of Homes for the Aging. 





Continuum of care includes: 

• Cottages 

• Apartments 

• Personal Care 

• Intermediate Nursing 

• Skilled Nursing 

Visit our community to see how affordable and exciting retirement living can be! 

2990 Carlisle Pike, P.O. Box 128 
New Oxford, PA 17350 

(717) 624-2161 

Carl E. Herr, President 





Messenger 1/92 

The world is hurting 

. . and what can Brethren do? 

» ■■ 

From theEditor 

You likely would expect that when someone joins the General 
Board staff here in Elgin, 111., that newcomer's beginning 
is leisurely — some orientation, a tour of the offices, a chance to 
get the feel of the job. But if you ask Eric Bishop, our new 
managing editor and director of news services, about that, he can 
tell you a different story. 

Eric was offered the job the first week of May, with June 1 
as his beginning date. Within hours, we were back on the phone, 
asking him to take on an immediate assignment. 
The Los Angeles riots, burnings, and looting 
had just broken out. We were beginning to get 
word of Church of the Brethren members being 
directly affected. If only we had a reporter we 
could send to the scene. Then it dawned on us: 
Eric is sitting out there in his native Los Angeles, 
twiddling his thumbs until June 1 ! Hence the 
hurried phone call. 

If Eric takes on all his other assignments with 
the enthusiasm and expedition with which he 
tackled this first one, he should do very well in 
his new job. You can read his Los Angeles report 
on page 6 of this issue. 

Eric's coming to Messenger is the indirect 
result of a long-standing relationship between the 
Enc Bishop magazine and the communication department of 

the University of La Verne (California). As a member of the 
university's Journalism Advisory Board. I have been to La Verne 
many times over the years. Five ULV journalism students have 
served as interns on our magazine staff. I had learned to know 
Eric as editor of Campus Times, the ULV student newspaper, 
and as the writer of excellent editorials on social issues. When I 
called George Keeler, one of our former interns and a member of 
the journalism faculty, and asked if he had anyone to recom- 
mend for our opening, he suggested Eric. And I had a feeling at 
once that we were on to something. 

I still have that feeling. Welcome Eric to our midst if you see 
him at Annual Conference. And if you see George there too, 
thank him for recommending his protege. George is serving at 
Richmond as our volunteer photographer for Annual Confer- 
ence — his third year in a row. 

tfjjlAAVlSpJ Wl^THM^C&n/ 

COMING NEXT MONTH: Our summary of the 206th recorded 
Annual Conference, plus our usual features. 

July 1992 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Eric Bishop 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford. Suellen Shively 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto. Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Mmnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast. Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast. Ruby Raymen Illinois/Wisconsi 
Gail Clark; Northern Indiana. Leona 
Holderread; South/Central Indiana. Marjori 
Miller; Michigan. Marie Willoughby; Mid- 
Atlantic. Ann Fouts; Missouri/Arkansas, 
Mary McGowan; Northern Plains, Pauline 
Flory; Northern Ohio. Sherry Sampson; 
Southern Ohio. Shirley Petry; Oregon/ 
Washington. Marguerite Shamberger; 
Pacific Southwest. Randy Miller; Southern 
Pennsylvania. Elmer Q. Gleim; Western 
Pennsylvania. Jay Christner; Shenandoah, 
Jerry Brunk; Southern Plains, Esther Slumj 
Virlina, Mike Gilmore; Western Plains, 
Dean Hummer; West Marva, Winoma 

Messenger is the official publication of the 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as second- 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, No\ 
1, 1984. Messenger is a 
member of the Associated 
Church Press and a subscriber 
to Religious News Service and 
Ecumenical Press Service. 
Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: S 12.50 individual 
rate, $10.50 church group plan, $10.50 gift 
subscriptions. Student rate 75c an issue. If 
you move, clip address label and send with 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 1L 60120. Allow 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Com- 
mission, Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgin. 
III., and at additional mailing office, July 
1992. Copyright 1992, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 
POSTMASTER: Send address changes 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 


n Touch 2 
iClose to Home 4 
News 6 

hie Church Alive 1 7 
Pepping Stones 21 
betters 26 
'ontius' Puddle 27 
Opinions 28 
ifurning Points 3 1 
Editorial 32 


Cover, 1,13 top: Lloyd Van Vactor 

left: Janette Hess 
'. right: Willard Krieble 
I: Eric Bishop 
I: Christopher Hondros, Troy 

Daily News 
i 3 bottom: Merv Keeney 
j 4: Kermon Thomasson 
1 7: A. Devaney, Inc. 

8-20: Randy Miller 
|!2: Religious News Service 
!4: Art by Ken Stanley 


El Salvador: On the wings of peace 10 

Suellen Shively describes peace accords signed in a country in 
which Brethren have been much involved. 

Sudan: The suffering seems endless 12 

Cheryl Cayford reports on the intensified hostilities in 
southern Sudan, involving Brethren workers. 

Meet the Church of the Brethren 14 

Joan Deeter describes our own denomination, in the last 
installment of a series on Brethren groups. 

Staying in Focus: A Brethren vision for the 
'90s 16 

Donald E. Miller defends the denomination's "Goals for the 

God and I would look for seashells 1 8 

Children give their ideas about God. Interviews by Karla 
Boyers. Photos by Randy Miller. 

Flags don't belong in churches 22 

Dale W. Brown makes the case for Brethren keeping flags out 
of the meetinghouse. 

Jesus is Lord 24 

Chalmer Faw demonstrates that the claim made by the first 
Christians still holds true today. 

Cover story, page 12: Weary refugees plod along in flight from intensified 
fighting in Sudan. Brethren workers wait hopefully to resume their work. 

July 1992 Messenger 1 



Getting to know you 

Daisy Kabagarama knows 
well that when cultures come 
together, it's a matter of 
"different things for different 
people." In her homeland of 
Uganda, a wave of the hand 

Daisy Kabagarama is 
doing something to 
foster better cultural 
understanding: She's 
writing a book, 
Breaking the Ice. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to "In 
Touch." Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, 1L 60120. 

means "Come here," not 
"Hello." When Daisy first 
came to the United States she 
wondered why so many 
people wanted her to follow 

Now a permanent US 
resident, and associate 
professor of sociology and 
anthropology at McPherson 
(Kan.) College, Daisy knows 
all about hand signals and 
other aspects of cultural 
differences. In fact, she has 
written a book about the 
matter. Coming out this fall 
from Allyn and Bacon of the 
Simon and Schuster Educa- 
tion Group is Daisy's book 
Breaking the Ice: A Guide to 

Understanding People From 
Other Cultures. 

What's driving Miss Daisy 
is her awareness that "we are 
an interdependent world." 
So, for Americans, who are 
notorious for being ignorant 
of and insensitive to other 
cultures, this sounds like a 
handy little guidebook. 

"When you think about it," 
says Daisy, "others have their 
standards, too. Many of us 
judge others according to our 
own standards. It's helpful to 
learn that different peoples 
operate according to different 
cultural rules." 

Besides outlining a 7-step 
process of cultural under- 
standing, Breaking the Ice 
offers poetry by Daisy, as 
well as anecdotes. The 
book's dedication says 
much about the author's 
aspirations: "To my fellow 
citizens who dream of a 
better world — a world of 
hope, joy, and tranquillity; a 
world of harmony, justice, 
and truth; a world that was 
intended to be." 

Daisy prepared her initial 
manuscript in longhand, 
using a pen. A cultural 
quirk, one supposes. 

Sweatin' it out 

"The day goes better if I 
sweat," says Art Hunn, 
pastor of Polo (111.) Church 
of the Brethren. Often that 
sweat is worked up by cross- 
country bicycling. Fitness 
walking, tennis, and volley- 
ball also bring it on. 

Art's son, Jeff, got him 
into bike -riding. He got a 10- 
speed as a Father's Day gift 
in the 1970s. The first long- 

distance ride was from Polo 
to Dayton, Ohio-340 miles. 
The longest ride has been to 
Wichita, Kan.-700 miles. 

Art believes that activity 
and fitness make living a lot 
easier and life more produc- 
tive. "It makes life go better," 
he says. 

It makes you look better, 
too. Who would believe that 
this biking pastor and the 
"old man" of the Dixon 
Spikers volleyball league is 
60 years old! 

For 60-year-old Art Hunn, 
the secret to fitness is 
simple: Work up a sweat. 

Names in the news 

Tony Groves, of New Paris 
(Ind.) Church of the Breth- 
ren, a high school senior, 

2 Mpcspnopr Ttilv 1 QQ9 

Tony Groves (left) and David Fonts (right) are two budding 
Brethren artists. Tony, who works mainly in watercolor, 
pastels, and charcoal, is headed for The Columbus School of 
Art and Design. David hasn't settled on his plans: he "may 
take some courses at the Maryland Institute this fall." 

has been awarded a $16,000 
scholarship to study at The 
Columbus College of Art 
and Design, in Columbus, 

• David Fouts, a Bridge- 
water College senior and 
member of Long Green Val- 
ley Church of the Brethren, 
in Glen Arm, Md., was 
featured in an art exhibit at 
the college in April. David's 
art works included charcoal 
drawings, oil paintings, and 

• Political activist Wayne 
F. Buckle, a member of the 
Arlington (Va.) Church of 
the Brethren, has been 
elected to the Temporary 
Platform Committee for the 
Democratic National 

• John David Bowman, 
who recently completed an 
interim pastorate at Lan- 
caster (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, is adjunct faculty 
in Church of the Brethren 
history and polity at Evan- 
gelical School of Theology, 
Myerstown, Pa. 

• Paul Swartz, of Glen- 

dale (Ariz.) Church of the 
Brethren, a 17-year volunteer 
at Westside Food Bank, 
received the Hon. Kachina 
Award from KPNX-TV. 
Director of Westside since 
1974, he has seen it grow 
until it distributes 
14,000,000 pounds of food a 
year to the needy. 

• Carrie and Carl 
Beckwith, of Union Bridge 
(Md.) Church of the Breth- 
ren, currently are serving as 
directors of World Friend- 
ship Center, in Hiroshima, 
Japan. Before retirement, the 
former Nigeria missionaries 
worked nearly 20 years for 
SERRV, at the New Windsor 
(Md.) Service Center. 

• Robert and Linda 
Shank, of Antelope Park 
Church of the Brethren, 
Lincoln, Neb., are in 
Ethiopia for two years, where 
Robert, contracted by World 
Bank, is using his skills as a 
plant breeder to focus on 
corn production. 

• Doug Armey, pastor of 
Fresno (Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren had an article. 

"Building Attendance 
Through Special Sundays," 
published in Net Results, a 
magazine of the National 
Evangelistic Association. 

• Gene Chamberlin, of 
San Diego (Calif.) Church of 
the Brethren, was com- 
mended by the State Histori- 
cal Resources Committee for 
his 20 years work toward 

the preservation of California 
history and for providing 
historical sites with designa- 
tion plaques. 

• Ed Butler, of 
McPherson (Kan.) Church 
of the Brethren, was named 
1991-92 Outstanding 
Faculty Member by the Na- 
tional Association of Student 
Personnel Administrators 
Region IV- West. He has been 
associate professor and 
coordinator of the college 
student personnel program 

at Emporia (Kan.) State 
University since 1990. 

• Roy Crist, of Quinter 
(Kan.) Church of the 
Brethren, celebrated his 
100th birthday April 11. He 
taught religion, philosophy, 
logic, and ethics at the 
University of La Verne 
(Calif.), 1935-1948. 

• Patricia Heinz, an 
Oberlin College student from 
Chippewa Church of the 

Brethren, Creston, Ohio, has 
helped start a journal, 
Ichthys, "designed to create a 
campus dialog about Christi- 
anity." Patricia hopes the 
journal will disprove stereo- 
types that students hold. Lots 
of students, she says, per- 
ceive Christians to be "con- 
servative, close-minded, and 
not informed about issues, 
intolerant of other beliefs." 


Harl Russell, 89, died April 
26, in Elkhart, Ind. He 
worked on the national staff 
in stewardship, planned 
giving, and pensions 1947- 
1969. Also he served as 
secretary of the Pension Plan 
1948-1958 and 1959-1969. 
• Joe Van Dyke, 89, died 
May 10, in Alma, Mich. A 
poet and writer, he did a 
series of 30 articles for The 
Gospel Messenger in the 
1930s titled "The Roamer." 
They were based on his own 
foot-loose travels across the 
USA and called for action on 
many social justice issues 
that engage Brethren in the 
1990s. Joe also was a pioneer 
in the Brethren camping 

Till v 1992 Messenper 3 

This pew's for you 

Folks with walkers or in 
wheelchairs don't have to 
wonder if they are welcome 
at La Verne (Calif.) Church 
of the Brethren. Recently La 
Verne lopped four feet off 
several pews in its main 
sanctuary so that disabled 
people can sit comfortably 
and inconspicuously among 
the other worshipers. 

"Often these people are 
relegated to the very front or 

Miriam Stover Beery 
tries out one of La 
Verne church's new 
pew spaces created for 
disabled worshipers. 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to ' 'Close to Home,' ' Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. 1L 60120. 

back of a sanctuary, or are 
forced to sit conspicuously in 
the aisle," says associate 
pastor Carol Wise. 

The project was initiated 
by the congregation's Health 
and Welfare Task Force. The 
pew-cutting was done by 
carpenter Wayne Hanawalt, a 
long-time La Verne member. 

"By these simple alter- 
ations, we affirm and wel- 
come people with disabilities 
to worship with us and feel 
themselves a part of the con- 
gregation," says task force 
chairwoman Mary Ann 

Sunday school children at Stone church raised $1 78 to buy a 
sheep for donation to Heifer Project International. 

Into sheep, not bunnies 

Sunday school children at 
Stone Church of the Breth- 
ren, in Huntingdon, Pa., set a 
goal to raise $ 1 20 during 
Lent to buy a sheep, through 
Heifer Project International 
(HPI) for a needy family. 

The sheep theme was 
highlighted in classes, on 
bulletin boards, and through 
craft projects. On Easter 
Sunday the final tally came 
to $178.30, enough for the 
sheep . . . and maybe a lamb 

Campus comments 

On Founders Day, Bridge- 
water College presented 
Outstanding Service Awards 
to John C. Eller, Sebring, 
Fla., long involved in activ- 
ities related to health care; 
John M. Kline Jr., Bridge- 
water, Va., retired vocational 
agriculture teacher; and 
Merlin G. Shull, Bridge- 
water, Va., retired executive 
of Shenandoah District of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

• The University of La 
Verne took vicarious pride 
in the achievement of a 

1987 graduate, Cindy Darby, 
when the San Gabriel Valley 
Tribune staff photographer 
had photos featured on the 
covers of Time and Life. The 
photos were of Anissa Ayala, 
bone marrow transplant 
receiver, and her baby sister, 
Marissa, the transplant 

• Bridgewater College 
has received two very large 
gifts of money from college 
alumni. Randall G. Spoer- 
lein, a dairy farmer and 
former mayor of New Wind- 
sor, Md., left Bridgewater 
$1,125 million on his death 
last year. Robert Myers 
McKinney, a Du Pont 
chemist, from Westminster, 
Md., upon his death in 
January, left the school $10.5 
million, the largest single 
gift in Bridgewater' s 1 12- 
year history. 

• Juniata College, in its 
7th-annual District History 
Day, took on the Columbus 
quincentenary (see June, 
pages 14—17, 32), with the 
theme "Discovery, Encoun- 
ter, Exchange in History: 
The Seeds of Change." 

• The Brethren Student 
Fellowship of Bridgewater 
College held a "hunger 
awareness meal" in April, to 

focus students' attention on 
the worldwide hunger 
problem. Also in April, the 
college's Student Council on 
Religious Activities spon- 
sored a CROP meal and a 
10-kilometer CROP walk. 

• A new courtyard at 
Elizabethtown College was 
dedicated in April, honoring 
the founders and leaders of 
the 93-year-old Brethren 
school. The 20 x 40-foot area 
was named the Alpha Court- 
yard. Prominently featured 

is a bronze statue of J. G. 
Francis, a Church of the 
Brethren minister who, in 
1898, conceived the idea of 
establishing the college. 

• Manchester College's 
Peace Studies Institute and 
the Zunkel Peacemaker Fund 
sponsored a series of lectures 
by Wayne Zunkel in April. 
He is pastor of Panorama 
City Church of the Brethren, 
in Granada Hills, Calif. 

• At Juniata College's 
May 10 commencement 
service, the speaker was 
Chaim Potok, chronicler of 
contemporary Jewish life in 

• Hyedima Bwala, of 
Maiduguri, Nigeria, a 1971 
graduate of Manchester 
College, was the school's 
commencement speaker May 
23. He is a medical doctor 
and former Borno State 
health commissioner. 

Love on the cross 

Hatfield (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren wasn't too 
subtle with its symbol for a 
series of Lenten services. A 
large wooden cross with a 
red heart on it was erected on 

the church lawn. Other 
symbols of the crucifixion 
were added weekly. Minia- 
ture replicas of the lawn 
cross were distributed to 
worshipers at each service. 
"The program was held 
to help richen the spiritual 
life of people during Lent," 
explained pastor Dale 
Hylton. "The cross is the 
central symbol of our faith, 
and the heart symbolizes love 
on the cross." 

A Gujarati group 

The history of Naperville 
(111.) Church of the 
Brethren's Gujarati group 
of worshipers added a new 
chapter heading recently 
when James Pandya, a native 
of Bulsar State, in India, was 
ordained as a Church of the 
Brethren minister. 

A group of about 40 
Gujarati Christians worships 
at Naperville. James con- 

James Pandya' s family in 
India sacrificed its high 
caste to become Christian. 

ducts a monthly service for 
them. A Gujarati choir 
richens the Naperville 
services with its singing. 

With a heart on a cross for symbolism, Hatfield's pastor Dale 
Hylton held Lenten services to richen members' spiritual life. 

Let's celebrate 

Central Evangelical Church 
of the Brethren, a Korean 
Brethren congregation in Los 
Angeles, Calif., is breaking 
ground for its new building. 

• Ivester Church of the 
Brethren, Grundy Center, 
Iowa, will celebrate its 125th 
anniversary September 5-6. 

• Greenville (Pa.) Church 
of the Brethren dedicated an 
addition to and renovation of 
its meetinghouse March 29. 

• Mountville (Pa.) Church 
of the Brethren honored 
Harry Enders for his 50 
years in the ministry, at its 
March 1 Sunday service. 

• Bannerville (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren 
celebrated its centennial May 
3, with a Sunday morning 
service "in the old Dunkard 
fashion." German was used 
for part of the service. 

• Memorial Church of the 

Brethren, Martinsburg, Pa., 
honored Ira Petre for his 60 
years in ministry in a special 
Sunday morning service 
March 29. 

In addition to stateside 
ministry, Ira and his wife, 
Mary, were missionaries in 
Nigeria, 1939-1961. There 
they began the Brethren 
work in Chibuk. A special 
feature of their March tribute 
was the presence of Boaz 
Maina, a Nigerian from 

• Eversole Church of the 
Brethren, in New Lebanon, 
Ohio, honored Oliver 
Dearing for his 60 years in 
ministry in a special service 
April 5. 

• Hostetler Church of 
the Brethren, near Meyers- 
dale, Pa., will celebrate its 
centennial August 15-16, 
with the theme "Our Past, 
the Foundation for the 

July 1992 Messenger 5 ^ 

Los Angeles Brethren were 
affected by the LA riots 

The healing process for the city of Los 
Angeles has begun. In many places it is 
business as usual with the stores and 
shops that are left beginning to open. In 
some areas it is hard to believe that in a 
matter of one day, "The City of Angels" 
became a city of fire and rage. Few 
envisioned that the decision of 12 
ordinary citizens would have such a far- 
reaching effect on the lives of millions of 
people as it did. 

The civil disturbance that started April 
29 began shortly after a jury delivered 
not-guilty verdicts for four Los Angeles 
police officers on trial for the beating of 
motorist Rodney King. The verdicts 
sparked outrage and violence in the 
South Central community, and triggered 
riots in which 58 people were killed. 

During the disturbance, Korean and 
Caucasian shop owners were targeted by 
groups moving through the city burning 
and looting businesses. Over 3,000 fires 
were started throughout the area. 

Caught in the devastation and violence 
were five congregations of the Church of 
the Brethren — Bella Vista, Imperial 
Heights, Ladera, Central Evangelical in 
Koreatown, and Jesus Cristo Es la 
Verdad. Though most of the churches 
and their members were not affected, 
four families from Central Evangelical 
had businesses damaged or destroyed. 

According to pastor John Park, the 
families of Young Suh, Koo Kim, David 
Park, and Chung Kim all had their 
businesses either burned or looted. All 
the shops were located in South Central 
Los Angeles in predominantly African- 
American neighborhoods. 

Suh's small gift shop was completely 
burned down after being looted. Koo 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church of the Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not nec- 
essarily represent the opinions of Messenger or the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Thousands of businesses, including four owned by Brethren families, were damaged 
during the riots triggered by the acquittal of four police officers in Los Angeles. 

Kim, who owns a gas station and auto 
repair shop, had his building spared from 
fire, but it was completely looted with all 
of the goods taken, including tires, tools, 
and all the auto parts located in the store. 

Three of the four shops have reopened 
and are again doing business in the same 
community. The fourth, the burned gift 
shop, is awaiting a decision of the owner, 
who is planning to reopen if possible. 

According to John Park, "Each of the 

After riots, Brethren begin 
relief, reconciliation efforts 

"It's hard to imagine how many 
buildings have been burned" in the 
Los Angeles riots, said Irven Stern, 
Pacific Southwest District co- 
executive. "It is sad to see your city 
go like that." 

"After this kind of explosion there's 
a sudden desire to express the 
brotherhood of mankind," said district 
board chairman Todd Hammond. "All 
kinds of people want to respond in 
some way." 

The district directed relief goods to 
the Bella Vista church in East Los 
Angeles for distribution, and directed 
donations to the denominational 
disaster relief office. 

The district also created a task force 
to work at issues raised by the riots 
and at reconciliation. The group 
includes black, Hispanic, Korean, 

families had fire insurance, but couldn't 
get insurance on the merchandise 
because the insurance companies did not 
want to insure them because of the 
location of the businesses." 

Small restaurant owner David Park 
had everything taken from his ham- 
burger shop except the fixtures, includ- 
ing bowls, containers, a slicing machine, 
and the toaster. 

Probably the least affected was Chung 

and Caucasian Brethren. 

Cooperative Disaster Child Care 
volunteers were at work almost 
immediately following the riots, 
coordinated by Norma Hanawalt, of 
the La Verne (Calif.) congregation. 
The CDCC volunteers cared for 
children in a Red Cross center and in 
federal Disaster Application Centers 
in Los Angeles, Long Beach, 
Pacoima, Compton, and Hollywood. 
The denominational disaster relief 
office has also offered to help the Red 
Cross in rebuilding homes. 

The day after rioting began, Church 
of the Brethren general secretary 
Donald Miller called on Brethren 
around the country to join in an 
emergency National Day of Prayer for 
racial justice May 3. He has also 
urged Brethren to observe a season of 
prayer until Pentecost "that God's 
spirit might purge the racism in this 

6 Messenaer Julv 1992 

im, whose auto parts store had about 
ne-quarter of its merchandise stolen. 
| According to Bella Vista pastor 
Gilbert Romero, several members of his 
ihurch had to evacuate their homes 
luring the riot and were affected by the 
lurfew placed on residents of the city. 
•' "The rioting was close by, real close, 
!>ut luckily it was far enough away for us 
the church) not to be affected," said 
tomero. The Bella Vista church, which 
s located in East Los Angeles and serves 
is a men's home, was also used as a 
;helter during the disturbance for those 
•jvacuated from their homes. — Eric 

Haitian refugees arrive 
at New Windsor center 

The New Windsor (Md.) Service Center 
has been housing up to 32 Haitian 
refugees at a time, beginning in mid- 
May. The influx of refugees was to last 
several weeks, according to refugee and 
disaster services director Donna Derr. 

The refugees were to be placed with 
Haitian communities in the area. Most 
arrived in the US via a processing center 
in Miami, Fla., and the US naval base in 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. 

Derr reported that 3-5,000 Haitian 
refugees arrive each month by boat at 
Guantanamo. Many are repeat arrivals 
who were returned to Haiti and again 
fled because of harassment, she said. As 
of mid-May, 30 percent of the refugees at 
Guantanamo are allowed into the US, 
Derr said. 

Brethren heroes return 
in new video release 

Three children's books about Brethren 
heroes — The Little Man, about Isaac 
Newton Harvey (I.N.H.) Beahm; The 
Middle Man, about John Kline; and The 
Tall Man, about Johannes (John) Naas — 
are being made into a children's video by 
producer David Sollenberger. Titled 
"LittleMiddleTall," the video will be 

available this summer from Brethren 
Press for $14.95. 

The books were written in the 1960s 
by Dorothy Brandt Davis and her 
children, Sara and Carl, and feature 
colorful illustrations and simple texts. 
The stories are about I.N.H. Beahm 
(1859-1950), a Brethren educator and 
evangelist; John Kline (1797-1864), a 
Civil War-era preacher, doctor, and 
martyr; and John Naas (1669-1741), a 
Brethren minister in Germany and 
Switzerland who, according to tradition, 
was captured and tortured in a futile 
effort to persuade him to join the 
Prussian Army. 

Brethren Press is reprinting The 
Middle Man as a book and will sell 
children's T-shirts with an illustration 
of John Kline and his motto, "God 
Loves Everyone." To order, call (800) 

Bethany Academy created 
for non-degree training 

A new Bethany Academy will be the 
"administrative umbrella for ministry 
training in the Church of the Brethren at 
the non-degree levels," according to 
Richard Gardner, who will direct the 
academy. Gardner is Bethany Seminary 
dean and director of ministry training for 
the General Board. 

The academy will oversee continuing 
programs — Training in Ministry, 
Education for Shared Ministry, and the 
three-year reading course — as well as 
new projects. Jointly administered by the 
Seminary, the board, the districts, and 
church-related colleges, the academy will 

begin functioning January 1. 

Special projects are in the works for 
1993 — an extension school at Elizabeth- 
town College related to a satellite cam- 
pus the seminary is planning in Pennsyl- 
vania; a center for ministry training in 
Puerto Rico; a study tour to Israel and 
Greece; and a national consultation on 
leadership training. "A whole host of 
issues seem to make (a consultation) 
timely," Gardner said, including evan- 
gelical concerns and new options for 
Brethren colleges as partners in training. 

New resources are being developed — a 
newsletter on ministry training, a video 
on the task of district ministry commis- 
sions, a study video on Brethren faith 
and heritage featuring Bethany professor 
Dale Brown, and a resource in Spanish. 

The academy also will work with 
districts on documents giving "some 
common set of competencies that we 
agree should be demonstrated by all 
candidates for ministry," Gardner said. 


Civilian Public Service Reunion for Unit 98 
(Coast and Geodetic Survey ) at Asilomar 
Conference Center, Pacific Grove. Calif.. 
September7-1 1 [contact William E. 
Wildman. 532 Reed Dr.. Davis, CA 95616. 

Junior High Ministry Workshop featuring 
youth ministry leader David Stone at the 
Hagerstown (Md. ) Church of the Brethren. 
October 3 [contact Chris Michael at (800) 

National Older Adult Conference 

sponsored by the Association for Brethren 
Caregivers at Lake Junaluska Assembly, 
near Waynesville, N.C.. October 5-9 
[contact Association for Brethren 
Caregivers. 145 1 Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 

Peace With Justice Week, a congregational 
focus for local and international peacemak- 
ing beginning on World Food Day and 
ending with World Disarmament Day, 
October 16-24 [contact PWJW. 777 U.N. 
Plaza, 12th Floor, New York, NY 10017]. 

Study tour of Israel and Greece sponsored 
by Bethany Theological Seminary. January 
5-19, 1993 [contact Bethany Seminary at 
(708) 620-2200], 

Julv 1992 Messenger 7 

Evangelicals may cooperate 
but pursue own programs 

At a second annual meeting, a group of 
evangelical leaders decided to establish 
their own Brethren evangelical ministry 
training programs in eastern Pennsylva- 
nia, while still cooperating as much as 
possible with Bethany Seminary. 

About 50 evangelical Brethren, 
district, and denominational leaders 
attended the May 7 meeting at the New 
Fairview church, near York, Pa. The 
meeting was a follow-up to a May 1991 
gathering where about 100 evangelicals 
discussed "the lack of evangelical 
training" for leaders in the Church 
of the Brethren, and sanctioned an on- 
going committee — the Brethren Evan- 
gelical Ministry Training Committee 
(BEMTC) — to bring proposals in a year 
(see July 1991, page 6). 

Tentative plans for the new 
Susquehanna Valley Campus of Bethany 
Seminary, scheduled to open its doors in 
the fall of 1993, were shared by newly 
named Bethany Seminary dean Richard 
Gardner, Atlantic Northeast District 
executive Allen Hansell, and Southern 
Pennsylvania District executive Warren 
Eshbach. They invited evangelicals to 
join hands in shaping the satellite, rather 
than pursuing similar goals on separate 
tracks. An advisory board, including 
evangelical representatives, would 
oversee the satellite's program, said 
Hansell, and Atlantic Northeast and 
Southern Pennsylvania will cooperate 
with Bethany in sponsoring the project. 

While BEMTC proposals and coopera- 
tion with the satellite appeared to be at 
odds, by day's end the group had 
approved both by consensus. "We could 
have gone apart," said moderator David 
Rittenhouse, minister from Pocahontas 
County, W. Va., "but we were drawn 
together. While we work separately on 
some issues, we're still committed to 
each other." 

BEMTC proposals approved by the 
group were: 

— that an ongoing committee be 
established "to oversee evangelical 
ministry training issues" in the church; 

AlDGrican Christians continue to send food to Russia. Above, Martha Bowers, a 
member of the Troy (Ohio) Church of the Brethren, organizes food to be sent to the 
New Windsor (Md.) Service Center in response to a worldwide ecumenical hunger 
project to aid the former Soviet Union. The project was organized by the World 
Council of Churches. As of May 15, approximately 60,000 boxes of food had been 
processed through New Windsor, with nearly 100 more arriving each day. 

— that this committee lay the ground- 
work for an endowed evangelical chair of 
ministry training, which could be used to 
place an evangelical Brethren faculty 
member in a school of the committee's 

— that a one-year, non-degree program 
and a three-year degree program, with 
evangelical Brethren faculty teaching 
Brethren distinctives, be offered in 
conjunction with existing institutions in 
the East. 

In addition, the group approved 
measures to enhance cooperation with 
the larger church — an amendment to 
include a district executive on the 
ongoing evangelical committee, and a 
proposal to appoint a BEMTC represen- 
tative to serve on the soon-to-be-formed 
Bethany Satellite Advisory Board. 

Mistrust between evangelicals and 
denominational leaders was evident at 
several points. During the discussion, at 
times punctuated by periods of silence, 
BEMTC member Kathy Pickering, of the 
Springfield (Pa.) congregation, cau- 
tioned, "Before we join hands with 
Bethany we need to see some concrete 
changes." William Wenger, pastor of the 
Mount Zion Road congregation, near 
Lebanon, Pa., opposed pouring the "new 
wine" of evangelical ministry training 
efforts into Bethany's "old wine 
skins." — Don Fitzkee 

Church agencies consult 
on funding, leadership 

Fundraising and the calling of church 
leadership headed the agenda of a May 9 
consultation of Brethren agencies, called 
by Annual Conference moderator Phyllis 
Carter. She referred to the Denomina- 
tional Structure Review paper passed by 
Conference last year, which expressed 
concern about "a proliferation of major 
fundraising campaigns by . . . Brethren 
related agencies." 

Agency representatives, however, said 
attempts to control or regulate fund- 
raising would not be productive. Many 
agencies are almost constantly involved 
in fundraising, and although sharing 
information about fundraising would be 
helpful, a central "clearing house" would 
not be feasible, participants said. 

Participants represented Annual 
Conference, the General Board, the 
Council of District Executives, Bethany 
Seminary, the Association of Brethren 
Caregivers, On Earth Peace, the Out- 
door Ministries Association, Brethren- 
related colleges, the Brethren Benefit 
Trust, and Brethren-related retirement 

A second agenda item — leadership — 
sparked lively discussion focused on the 
problems of the colleges and the semi- 
nary in attracting Brethren youth. The 

ft M»cc»nn»i- lulu I QQT 

colleges have "felt a sense of frustra- 
tion," said Elizabethtown College 
president Gerhard Spiegler. "Higher 
education is not a priority for the 
The gathering also heard information 
I on the Brethren Foundation and its 
1 programs, and discussed ways to alert 
I Brethren agencies of Conference 
I recommendations that may affect them. 

(Throughout the meeting, Carter 
| emphasized that the institutions are in 
'ministry together as agencies of the 
: church. "We are one church with a 
number of missions," she said. 

General Board, Bethany 
: announce staff changes 

Richard B. Gardner begins July 1 as 
dean of Bethany Theological Seminary. 
He will also continue in his present 
positions as associate professor of New 
Testament at Bethany and as director of 
ministry training for the General Board. 
Gardner is a graduate of Juniata College, 
Bethany Seminary, and the University of 
Wurzburg, Germany. 

Donald C. Richter resigned in June as 
assistant professor of Christian education 
for Bethany Seminary. He has accepted 
a position with Candler School of 
Theology, Atlanta, Ga. 

Eric Bishop began June 1 as manag- 
ing editor of MESSENGER and director of 
news services for the General Board. A 
graduate of the University of La Verne, 
in California, he served on the staff of 
the school's publications Campus Times 
and La Verne Magazine. 

Phyllis Michaelsen began May 18 as 
coordinator of Brethren Volunteer 
Service recruitment for the Board. She 
previously coordinated a People's Action 
Council in Iowa. 

Ronald Wyrick has resigned as of 
July 3 1 as General Board planned giving 
staff, to accept a position at Juniata 
College as director of planned giving. He 
has served the board since 1987. 

Jeff Quay began May 1 as program 
coordinator for the On Earth Peace 

Richard B. Gardner Donald C. Richter 

1 -^fiL 


Phyllis Michaelsen 

Jeff Quay 
Assembly. He has 
held the position 
as an independent 
contractor for the 
past year. 

Karen Peter- 
son Miller begins 

Karen Peterson Miller July 15 as director 

of district ministries for the Board. She 
previously served the Board as editor of 
study resources and most recently was 
interim pastor of nurture at the Mount- 
ville (Pa.) Church of the Brethren. 

Women's program postpones 
event, begins new projects 

The 1992 Women's Event will be 
postponed, probably until 1995, accord- 
ing to Judith Kipp, director of the 
General Board's Program for Women. 

The program has also begun new 
projects — a "Sister's Exchange," aimed 
at matching diverse women's groups 
across the denomination; and a newslet- 
ter, "Program Notes." The newsletter 
will take the place of the resource 
booklet that has been published annually 
by the program, Kipp said. 

The Women's Event was postponed 
in part because "we began to question 
whether there were enough women 
attending the events" to justify the 
expenditure, Kipp said. 

Jubilee children's curriculum 
will replace Foundation series 

Jubilee: God's Good News has been 
chosen by the Anabaptist Curriculum 
Project for Children (ACPC) as the name 
for curriculum to replace the Foundation 
Series for children in 1994. 

The partners in the project — the 
General Conference Mennonite Church, 
the Mennonite Church, the Church of 
the Brethren, and the Brethren in 
Christ — are working together on the 

The development council of the ACPC 
felt that the word "jubilee" had distinct 
and powerful Anabaptist connotations, 
especially in the areas of peace, service, 
and wholeness. The group also appreci- 
ated the name's connection to both Old 
and New Testaments. 

"I thought of the story of Jesus in the 
temple when he read from Isaiah about 
proclaiming good news," said Jean 
Moyer, Church of the Brethren represen- 
tative. "Jesus is the good news; he 
fulfilled a jubilee from God." 

Public Education Committee 
work focuses on choice 

A newly named denominational commit- 
tee will focus on public education as a 
"religious issue and one of justice as 
well," according to chairwoman Lois 
Snyder, of Chicago. 

Other members are Diane Eveland, of 
Plymouth, Ind., Lowell Brubaker, of La 
Verne, Calif., and Dwayne Brubaker, of 
McPherson, Kan. 

The group is at present focusing on 
choice in education as a concern. "It's 
very threatening to the local school 
system," Snyder said. "Maybe a certain 
amount of (choice) is good," she said, 
but when parents pull children out of 
schools, they pull funds as well. The 
issue is connected to racism and other 
justice concerns, she said. 

The committee also plans to print the 
Annual Conference statement on public 
education with a study guide. 

July 1992 Messenger 9 

El Salvador: On the wings of peace 

by Suellen Shively 

"The peace so profoundly wanted by our 
people at last opens its wings and brings 
hope for a better tomorrow" (statement 
from the Emmanuel Baptist Church in El 
Salvador, a sister church of the Church 
of the Brethren). 

"As a historic peace church, the 
Church of the Brethren should be 
vocally, joyfully celebrating the peace 
accords in El Salvador," says Yvonne 
Dilling, denominational representative 
for Latin America/Caribbean. "We ought 
to be leading the way in helping the 
churches who want to do their part to 
construct a just peace." 

On January 16, 1992, a peace agree- 
ment was signed between the Salvadoran 
government and the Farabundo Marti 
National Liberation Front (FMLN), 
ending El Salvador's 12-year civil war. 
Peace advocates are rejoicing at this con- 
clusion of war without a military victor. 
"The only victors are the Salvadoran 
people," said El Salvador's president 
Alfredo Cristiani, following the signing. 

The peace accords represented the 
culmination of 20 months of negotiations 
under the leadership of United Nations 
secretary-general Javier Perez de 
Cuellar. This historic agreement pro- 
duced documents on social/economic, 
electoral, and judicial reforms, as well as 
dramatic changes in the Salvadoran 
Armed Forces. 

Unfortunately, the implementation of 
these reforms has been fraught with 
difficulty. Most people involved agree 
now that the original timetable was 
unrealistic. Fundamental change is often 
met with resistance, and the broken trust 
and insecurity born of over a decade of 
repression and war in El Salvador make 
reform an even more cumbersome 

"The fundamental obstacle to peace 
in this country is the attitude of the 

military and the oligarchy. . . . They 
have been opposed to it from the begin- 
ning, and they are going to be waiting 
for their opportunity to sabotage the 
whole thing," commented Charles 
Beirne, vice rector of the University of 
Central America, in a recent interview 
with Christianity and Crisis. 

In reform of the Armed Forces, the 
accords called for a 50-percent reduc- 
tion of troops and a new doctrine based 
on respect for human rights. The two 
sides completed the first reduction 
without incident, but complaints of 
peace violations have since been filed by 
both parties. 

To separate police and military, the 
accords require the dissolution of the 
current structures. Serious questions 
were raised when President Cristiani 
announced that the Treasury Police and 
the National Guard, both notorious for 
human rights abuse, will be renamed but 
not restructured. This violation had not 
been resolved as of late May. 


"n February 1 , a cease-fire went into 
effect, prohibiting any military activity 
that "disturbs the cease-fire or violates 
human rights." ONUSAL, the United 
Nations human rights verification mis- 
sion, is responsible for the confirmation 
of all processes agreed to in the peace 
accords. Efforts leading toward disarma- 
ment are under the direction of the 
National Commission for the Consolida- 
tion of Peace (COPAZ), which includes 
representatives from the government 
and the FMLN. 

Although the peace accords address 
some economic and justice issues, they 
are basically an agreement to bring an 
end to the fighting. For the accords to 
succeed, the crucial issues of economic 
and political restructuring of the country 
must be addressed. 

BVSer Tania Mireles wrote from El 

Salvador, "The war is over, but not the 
social injustice. And it is the social 
injustice which lies at the the root of 
the war. . . . Hopefully, (the accords) 
will create an atmosphere where people 
can continue to work toward social 
justice, without being tortured or killed 
for doing it." 

Others share Mireles' fear that with- 
out reform in economic structures and 
the land distribution, the roots of civil 
war will remain, making the return to 
conflict quite likely. 

Agrarian reforms detailed both in the 
accords and in El Salvador's constitution 
require that all agricultural land over 
245 hectares be transferred to the state, 
which thereby will legalize land owner- 
ship in the FMLN zones. The govern- 
ment has yet to implement this part of 
the agreement, however, and many 
difficulties have arisen in deciding who 
has valid claims to land. 

BVSer Ben Brooke, working with the 
Lutheran Church of El Salvador, wrote 
that he feels both hope and skepticism 
regarding the future of the peace accords 
"I think the Salvadoran people . . . have 
a good chance of pulling off some signi- 
ficant reform in the country. But also I 
doubt that the traditional power games oi 
the wealthy, the military, and the US in 
El Salvador will stop." 

Brooke added that it is the task of 
popular movements and civic organiza- 
tions to insure that the peace accords 
can be used successfully by the people of 
El Salvador to establish more just 
economic, social, and political systems. 

"Power games" have had a long- 
standing role in El Salvador's civil war. 
US aid to El Salvador increased dramati- 
cally in the first few years of the war. In 
1978, no aid was provided to El Salva- 
dor, but by 1983, military aid totalled 
$28 1 .8 million, with economic aid at 
$87.1 million. The entire budget for the 
Salvadoran government at that time was 

"We rejoice in this victory for peace," proclaims a banner carried by two members of the Emmanuel Baptist 
Church in El Salvador during the celebrations following the signing of the peace accords on January 16. 

approximately $800 million. 

The US continued to provide aid at 
nearly $1 million per day to El Salvador, 
which Dilling believes perpetuated a war 
that led to thousands of deaths in massa- 
cres at the Sumpul River, Mozote, and 
Copapayo, as well as many smaller 
incidents. In all, nearly 80,000 people 
were killed during the war, many of 
them civilians, including children. 

During the war, the US provided $4 
billion in aid, which played a central role 
in El Salvador's destruction. In light of 
this, some people feel that the US also 
should pay most of the estimated cost of 
reconstruction in El Salvador — $1.8 

In April, Congress passed a resolu- 
tion that caps military assistance to El 
Salvador for the next six months at $85 
million, over $21 million of which has 
been labeled "non-lethal" assistance. The 
remaining $63 million will be trans- 
ferred to a special Demobilization and 
Transition Fund to support peacekeeping 
efforts and implement the accords. 

The opportunity for peace has come in 

part as a result of the recent reduction in 
the East-West arms race. The end of the 
cold war helped to eliminate both the US 
and Soviet motivations in funding a war 
in El Salvador. Many feel that this, as 
well as the murders of the six Jesuits in 
November 1989, led to the sudden 
willingness of the US to discuss peace in 
El Salvador. 

The role of churches in El Salvador's 
peace has been virtually ignored by the 
secular and (to some extent) religious 
media. From the beginning of the war, 
church people such as Archbishop Oscar 
Romero and the martyrs of the Jesuit 
University emphasized the urgent need 
for peace, in spite of the threats of the 
Salvadoran death squads. Thousands of 
US people of faith lobbied the govern- 
ment to decrease its military spending. 
Religious groups worldwide launched 
efforts for peace in El Salvador. 

"We have said, and we are convinced, 
that this victory of the Salvadoran people 
is also your victory, this peace we have 
begun to construct here in El Salvador is 
also your peace," wrote Miguel Tomas 

Castro, pastor of the Emmanuel Baptist 
Church, in a recent letter. 

In rejoicing with El Salvador in this 
historic moment, Dilling feels that as 
Christians, we also must "accompany" 
them in the difficult journey toward 
peace. Two Brethren have already 
accepted this responsibility — John 
Keller, of North Manchester, Ind., 
and Phyllis Dodd, of Laurel, Md. (see 
April, page 6). 

Dodd and Keller traveled to El 
Salvador in January as part of a Na- 
tional Council of Churches delegation. 
Their role was to accompany members of 
the Salvadoran Council of Churches, 
who continued to receive death threats 
even after the accords were signed on 
January 16. 

Dodd wrote in the newsletter of the 
Brethren Peace Fellowship in Mid- 
Atlantic District, "There is a sense of 
resurrection in the people of El Salvador 
today in that God is among them. . . . 
Reconciliation now must walk hand in 
hand with truth and 


July 1992 Messenger 11 


Sudan: The suffering seems endless 

by Cheryl Cayford 

Brethren field staff Roger and Carolyn 
Schrock left southern Sudan in mid- 
May for what they hoped would be a 
temporary absence, when fighting in the 
country's civil war approached their 
home in the town of Torit. Their leave- 
taking was in response to the urging of 
Sudanese church leaders and colleagues. 
They traveled by car, driving to Nairobi, 
in neighboring Kenya. 

New Sudan Council of Churches 
(NSCC) chairman and Roman Catholic 
Bishop Paride Taban chose to stay in 
Torit with his parishioners. Three 
Brethren disaster relief workers — Grant 
Verbeck and Jiggs and Violet Miller — 
left Torit in advance of the Schrocks. 
The workers had spent three months in 
Torit, rebuilding structures damaged in 
the civil war. 

The Schrocks had known for some 
time that they might be forced to leave. 
In March, government military forces 
from the North of Sudan began a new 
military offensive against the Sudanese 
People's Liberation Army (SPLA) — the 
rebel organization based mainly in the 
south of the country. 

In the renewed fighting, government 
troops recaptured several SPLA-held 
towns in southern Sudan. However, 
Carolyn Schrock reported before leaving 
Torit that peace talks had been planned 
in Nigeria in May, according to the 
British Broadcasting Corporation, and at 
the time it seemed "that all parties are 
willing to attend." 

Sudan's civil war began soon after 
the country gained independence from 
Great Britain in 1956. It has been waged 
off and on ever since, with the current 
phase dating from the early 1980s. (See 
"Sudan: Why Is There a War?" January 
1987.) The basic conflict has been 
between the northern, fundamentalist 
Muslim government, and the SPLA in 
the southern, mostly Christian part of 
the country. 

12Messeneer.lnlv 1QQ7 

Ezekiel Kutjok, a southern Sudanese, 
is general secretary of the Sudan Council 
of Churches, located in northern Sudan. 
He blames the war on the racial, reli- 
gious, and cultural differences, as well 
as the development disparities between 
the North and the South. Christians, 
particularly, perceive a threat of a more 
aggressive Islamization spreading into 
Africa from the Arab world. 

With all these causes, Sudan's civil 
war is complicated further by tribal 
conflicts in the South, as well as a split 
within the SPLA. In addition, civilians 
sometimes are the target of armed groups 
or bandits not associated with govern- 
ment or rebel forces. 

Ahe government's attempt to institute 
Islamic Sharia law even in the mainly 
Christian South has intensified the 
religious conflict. Under Sharia, Islamic 
law is used even in cases involving 
Christians or people of other religions, 
creating a feeling of second-class 
citizenship among non-Muslims. 

The Schrocks have been working with 
the New Sudan Council of Churches 
(NSCC), coordinating church work in 
the South of Sudan. The NSCC was 
founded in 1989 because the North and 
the South are so separated by war and 
politics that the original Sudan Council 
of Churches, which continues to operate 
in the North, could not work in the 
South. "We are part of the same body 
that has been divided by the war," Roger 
Schrock says, "but once there is peace, 
we will be one council." 

The Schrocks' assignment has been 
with the NSCC office in Torit, with 
funding from the Church of the Brethren 
and other denominations. The Schrocks 
have worked on the NSCC's priorities of 
theological and other training, hunger 
relief, and development. They have 
helped produce a newsletter and pre- 
pared for NSCC general assemblies. 
Roger Schrock serves as executive secre- 

tary, and Carolyn Schrock as communi- 
cations/interpretation coordinator. Parti- 
cipants in the NSCC include Episcopal, 
Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Orthodox 
and other Christian groups. 

Another part of the Schrocks' work is 
what is called "accompaniment" — 
working and living as fellow Christians 
with the Sudanese. "The larger problem 
in this whole happening is the abandon- 
ment that the Sudanese feel when all the 
NGOs (staff of international non-govern- 
mental organizations) have pulled out," 
Roger Schrock reports. In response to 
this feeling, the Schrocks stayed in Torit 
as long as possible and even then left 
reluctantly, determined to return as soon 
as safety could be insured. 

"I have had to remind myself over 
and over that being here is just as 
important as moving ahead on projects," 
Carolyn Schrock wrote in late April. "I 
have always known it to be true, but I 
forget so often." 

The NSCC held an assembly in 
March, at a time when northern troops 
had "captured two towns in the last two 
days," Carolyn Schrock reported. "The 
next town down the road is Kapoeta, 
which is on our main exit artery to 
Kenya. If Kapoeta falls, then I think we 
will evacuate. But there have been so 
many other predictions and talk . . . that 
I guess I am immune to feeling very 
upset about it all." 

The war has had a "terrible effect . . . 
upon the lives of the civilians," she 
wrote. There was a "complete lack of 
consumer items — even the ones most of 
us consider basic essentials, such as food, 
salt, and soap." 

The war has at least exacerbated, 
and perhaps been a major cause of the 
hunger and starvation in Sudan. The 
Sudanese government has a history of 
interfering with international shipments 
of food into starving areas, and the 
current military offensive by the North 
seems intended to cut supplies of food 
and outside assistance to the South, The 

'Fleeing refugees strung out along the road to Bor are symbolic of one of the worst features of civil war in Sudan- 
jnnocent people caught up in violence, forced to run hither and yon as the fortunes of war change. 

Wew York Times has reported. 
I Aid organizations and the United 
i Nations had been involved in the South 
n a major relief project called Operation 
'Lifeline Sudan, but with the new offen- 
sive, the government has refused entry to 
•ill humanitarian aid, according to 
Presbyterian sources. Occasional food 
shipments still get through, however. 
i In addition, refugees in the area of the 
northern capital, Khartoum, have been 
forced out into the desert by the govern- 
nent, and many have died. The govern- 

ment is destroying many makeshift 
settlements around Khartoum, and more 
than 400,000 refugees have been moved 
into the desert, according to the Menno- 
nite Central Committee. 

As of May last year, there were an 
estimated 3.2 million people homeless in 
Sudan. "No one knows how many people 
have been killed in this war," says SCC 
leader Kutjok. 

The rift in the SPLA has also in- 
creased the suffering of civilians, and the 
NSCC and churches in the South have 

Roger and Carolyn Schrock work for the New Sudan Council of Churches, Roger as 
executive secretary and Carolyn as communications/interpretation coordinator. 

acted as mediators to help restore peace 
in SPLA-held areas. When an SPLA 
split occurred in August last year, the 
NSCC sent a letter to the SPLA urging 
dialog and reconciliation. With help 
from church leaders, talks resulted in a 
ceasefire between rival factions by the 
end of the year. The agreement also 
released 40 political prisoners and set the 
goal of democratizing the rebel move- 
ment, according to the NSCC. 

"There is not one peace to be sought, 
between the North and the South," the 
NSCC said in its letter to the SPLA, "but 
a second peace, between our own 
brothers, and it is this one that must 
come first. We cannot talk peace with the 
North until we are united." 

The relative silence of world Chris- 
tians grieves those in Sudan. The 
international Christian community is 
not "speaking loudly enough on the 
suffering of the people of southern 
Sudan," NSCC chairman Taban told the 
World Council of Churches in April. 
"The response we get from the interna- 
tional community is that the war in 
Sudan is an internal matter." 

Taban also criticized some relief 
agencies for withholding supplies to the 
South because "they do not want it to fall 
in the hands of the SPLA. 

"If you cannot give us food on char- 
ity," he said, "then give it to us on loan. 
God willing, we will pay it back to 
you when we gain our 


July 1992 Messenger 13 


Meet the Church of the Brethren 

This month five major Brethren groups will celebrate 250 
years of annual meetings by holding a first-ever Brethren 
World Assembly. Since March, MESSENGER has been present- 
ing monthly installments of a series on those five Brethren 
groups. Author for the first four installments was William 
G. Willoughby. This final article is an adaptation of Joan 
Deeter's Who Are These Brethren? (Brethren Press, 1991). 
We thought that an interesting approach to covering our 

own denomination would be to present a description written 
specifically for people new to the Church of the Brethren. 
Doubtless, the story will be instructive to many people within 
the Church of the Brethren, as well, unfamiliar with their 
heritage. For information about the Brethren World Assembly, 
read Donald Durnbaugh's "Freedom to Come Together," 
October 1991 (but note that the dates are July 15-18, not July 
25-28, as given in that article). 

by Joan Deeter 

A simple description of the Church of 
the Brethren would have been easy 100 
years ago. Then, there were clear guide- 
lines for everything, even the way the 
Brethren dressed. Today, only a few 
congregations still try to achieve such 
uniformity. In its place is a diversity of 
practice and emphases. In the face of this 
diversity, however, the Brethren are 
guided by the strong convictions that 
created the church almost 300 years ago. 

The Church of the Brethren began in 
the early 18th century, when groups of 
men and women throughout Europe were 
dissatisfied with the established 
churches. They felt that the sermons 
were lifeless and that there was too little 
attention given to the Bible. They 
gathered in homes to study the Bible, 
discuss its implications, and join in 
prayer and praise. The Brethren empha- 
sized the New Testament as their rule of 
faith and practice. They began to act on 
what they found in the Bible and soon ran 

14 Messenger July 1992 

into trouble for refusing to take oaths or 
to engage in military service. Convinced 
that baptism was only for believers at an 
age of accountability, the early Brethren 
drew the attention of the authorities for 
failing to have their children baptized as 
infants. Soon, their meetings were 
forbidden, and some of the followers 
were imprisoned. 

Many of the early Brethren left their 
homes and property behind to move to 
areas where the ruling princes were more 
tolerant. Schwarzenau, Germany, was 
one of these places. It was here in 1708 
that Brethren leader Alexander Mack 
and seven others resolved that to be 
obedient to the New Testament, they 
must give outward expression to their 
faith through baptism. This baptism 
denied the validity of their infant baptism 
and thus challenged the authority of the 
existing church. Because the churches 
were so closely identified with the state, 
adult baptism was not only heresy but 
also treason. Those who received it and 
administered it often were persecuted. 

In 1719, weary of persecution and 
intolerance. Brethren began leaving 
Europe for America. The first congrega- 
tion was formed in Germantown, Pa. On 
Christmas Day 1723, the Brethren had 
their first baptism and love feast in 
America. The love feast continues as a 
profound, central symbol for the Breth- 
ren (see April, pages 16-22). A typical 
love feast begins with a period of self- 
examination, followed by a feetwashing 
service. The feetwashing directly follows 
the story in John 13, in which Jesus 
washed his disciples' feet. John 13:15, 
"For I have set you an example, that you 
also should do as I have done to you," 
is quoted. The feetwashing is followed 
by a simple meal as a reminder of the 
food Jesus shared with his disciples. 
The final act in this feast of love is the 
communion, the sharing of the symbolic 
bread and cup. 

Throughout the 19th century, the 
Brethren grew rapidly, and congrega- 
tions followed the migration west into 
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and later Califor- 

ia. The Brethren underwent several 
ame changes throughout this time 
eriod. The first eight newly baptized 
rethren chose simply the word "breth- 
;n," which, for them, included both 
rothers and sisters. In 1836, the Breth- 
:n were listed in legal papers as the 
raternity of German Baptists. They 
ecame the German Baptist Brethren in 
871. In 1908, the German identification 
as dropped as they chose the name 
hurch of the Brethren. Some say that it 
again time for a name change, since 
te 20th-century understanding of 
jrethren" generally refers only to males, 
et for now, the name remains as a 
iminder to the Brethren of the deep 
jnnections they have as sisters and 
rothers in the faith. 
When members are received into the 
lurch, the specific words vary from 
mgregation to congregation, but all 
firm their belief in Jesus Christ as Lord 
id Savior and promise to turn from sin 
id to live in faithfulness to God and to 
ie church, taking the example and 
achings of Jesus as a model. Seeking 
i follow Romans 12:2, "Do not be con- 
irmed to this world," Brethren insist 
at members should not thoughtlessly 
lopt the patterns of those around them, 
t an earlier time, dress, homes, and 
eetinghouses were distinctively plain, 
rethren were expected to live "the 
mple life." All Brethren refused mili- 
ry service and practiced nonresistance 
the face of violence. They refused to 
ke oaths or to go to court to solve 
oblems. These practices set them 
>art from the world. 
Today, the Church of the Brethren 
«ks to interpret biblical teachings in 
esh ways. Members are encouraged to 
ink about how they use money in an 
fluent society. Sensitivity to the limited 
sources in the global community is also 
Ivocated. The Church encourages 
;ople to "affirm" rather than "swear" 
hen taking an oath. Brethren still 
:lieve that ail war is sin, and many 
igage in peace and reconciliation 
'forts. The Church of the Brethren is 
ie of the three historic peace churches, 
ong with Quakers and Mennonites. 
The denomination speaks out on a 
imber of lifestyle issues through 

Annual Conference, its decision-making 
body composed of delegates from each 
congregation. Members are called to be 
faithful in marriage and to strengthen 
the family. Gambling has been con- 
demned. Members are urged to adopt 
good health habits and to avoid harmful 
substances, including alcohol, tobacco, 
and destructive drugs. 

Many years ago, when Brethren were 
insisting on uniformity, they sternly 
enforced the church's teachings on 
matters of lifestyle and practice. Gradu- 
ally, however, the church has abandoned 
its efforts to enforce obedience. Today, 
Brethren continue to agree that the Bible 
is the authority for decisions, but dis- 
agree about how it is applied to faith and 
practice. Some Brethren would like to see 
more pressure for uniformity, while 
others celebrate the denomination's 
diversity. These differences, combined 
with the typically strong convictions of 
the Brethren, led to three splits within 
the denomination. 


"eep conviction has always propelled 
Brethren to share their faith with 
others. Some of the Brethren moved 
west in the 19th century for the specific 
purpose of planting churches. Many 
Brethren opposed the idea of overseas 
mission, however, because they saw it 
as one more way in which Brethren 
would be conforming to the world by 
following the example of other churches. 
In time, however, the Church of the 
Brethren made missions a primary focus 
of the church. 

The idea of service is important to the 
Brethren. They believe following Christ 
means following his example of serving 
others, healing the broken, and bringing 
new life and hope to the despairing. Out 
of this belief came programs such as 
Heifer Project International (HPI), a 
project begun in 1937 by Brethren relief 
worker Dan West (now an independent 
ecumenical agency). The Church of the 
Brethren also was instrumental in the 
creation of Church World Service 
(CWS), Christian Rural Overseas Pro- 
gram (CROP), and International Chris- 
tian Youth Exchange (ICYE). Through 
two current programs — Brethren Agri- 

cultural Exchange Program and Brethren 
Volunteer Service (BVS) — the church 
continues to work with partners around 
the world to share resources and to meet 
human need. 

The headquarters of the Church of the 
Brethren is in Elgin, III., and most of its 
national staff work there. Since 1944, the 
New Windsor Service Center, in New 
Windsor, Md., has been the headquarters 
for many service-related activities. The 
center trains thousands of volunteers, 
and massive amounts of clothing and 
medical supplies are processed and 
sent where they are needed most. The 
center also handles relief supplies for 
Lutheran World Relief and Church 
World Service, as well as housing 
SERRV (self-help handcrafts). Brethren 
Disaster Service, and On Earth Peace 
Assembly (one of whose emphases is 
training Brethren youth in the 
denomination's peace beliefs). 

Although there is now a diversity of 
practice in the Church of the Brethren, 
and groups within it differ in their 
emphasis of certain beliefs, the denomi- 
nation continues to consider its actions 
in terms of following the example of 
Jesus Christ. Inclusiveness of the many 
racial, cultural, and age groups is one 
issue facing the church. A current goal 
is to draw in more Hispanics, Koreans, 
and African-Americans. Another focus 
is an expanded program for evangelistic 
outreach. In response to the church's 
Goals for the '90s program, there is new 
mission work in Korea and the Domini- 
can Republic, the beginning of a deaf 
ministry, and expansion of young adult 

As it nears its 300th anniversary, the 
Church of the Brethren struggles to 
maintain an identity true to its founders' 
vision, using the New Testament to 
guide its adaptation to the rapidly 
changing world in which 
its members live. 


Joan Deeler is executive for the World Ministries 
Commission on the national staff of the Church of 
the Brethren. 

This adaptation, by Snellen Shively. of Joan 
Deeter's booklet was first done for use by The 
Church Herald, a publication of the Reformed 
Church in America. 

July 1992 Messenger 15 

Staying in focus: 
A Brethren vision for the '90s 

by Donald E. Miller 

In the June Messenger (page 28), Ron 
Faus asked whether Brethren can 
continue to try to meet every need around 
the globe. Brethren Vision for the '90s is 
an effort to give a limited focus to the 
church's program in this decade. 

In 1987, all the 1,000 congregations 
in the denomination were invited to 
respond to the question "Where is the 
Spirit leading the Church of the Breth- 
ren in the 1990s?" From some 600 
responses, the Goals for the '90s were 
formulated, and the 1988 Annual 
Conference adopted them. Brethren 
across the country were remarkably 
similar in what they asked for. 

We Brethren overwhelmingly want 
a focus upon evangelism and witness. 
Our goal for the decade is to plant 1 10 
new churches and to raise average 
Sunday morning worship attendance to 
100,000, up from the current 75,000. 
Recent Annual Conferences have asked 
for special efforts in Korean, Hispanic, 
and black ministries. The new evange- 
lism effort includes these multi-cultural 
groups. Interested congregations will 
be offered special help with their 
evangelism efforts. 

Annual Conference also has asked 
that the Church of the Brethren be 
planted in the Dominican Republic and 
South Korea. Seven congregations are 
now established in the Dominican 
Republic. They have organized them- 
selves into a sub-district related to 
Atlantic Southeast District. With regard 
to South Korea, we are in the process of 
finding staff who will plant the Church 
of the Brethren there. 

Ron Faus is right that we cannot do 
everything. The Goals for the '90s are 
heavy in their focus on evangelism at 
home, but they also call for defined 
overseas efforts. 

The Goals for the '90s also call for 
youth and family ministries. We are 

1 6 Messenger July 1 992 

dramatically expanding youth and 
young adult ministries with new pro- 
grams. A denominational youth cabinet 
and a similar young adult cabinet are 
planning seminars, retreats, youth-to- 
youth ministries, work camps, youth 
camps, peace activities, newsletters, 
and denominationwide conferences to 
include as many youth and young adults 
as possible. 

Curtis and Anna Mary Dubble 
currently are serving as volunteer staff 
for a year to develop a program in family 
life for the denomination. They are 
reviewing the need felt by our churches 
and are surveying available resources. 

Another of the Goals for the '90s is 
peace and service. Brethren already have 
the On Earth Peace training seminars for 
youth. We have 145 volunteers in 15 
countries, with many of them engaged in 
activities of peace and reconciliation. We 
are outspoken on issues of peace and 
justice in international affairs. We give 
more than $500,000 a year in disaster 
relief at home and abroad. 

Ihe Association of Brethren Caregivers 
(ABC) is proposing to assist Castaner 
Hospital in Puerto Rico build staff 
housing. Brethren conscientious objec- 
tors established Castaner Hospital in 
1942, during World War II. Later it was 
given to the Castaner community. The 
denomination is also proposing to give 
an additional $500,000 over five years to 
alleviate world hunger, primarily in 
Sudan, where hunger is devastating and 
where we have staff workers. 

Ron Faus asks why we should begin 
an agricultural exchange program in the 
Soviet Union when we already are 
overextended. The new agricultural 
exchange program comes as a request 
from Church World Service, which will 
fund it. The new program actually 
represents a cutback of staff time and 
funding on our part. 

Annual Conference has called for 
scripture and heritage resources. Our 
goal is a new church school curriculum. 
We are providing videos describing our 
programs and our heritage. Materials ar 
being translated into Korean and 
Spanish for new Brethren. We want to 
support the vital ministry of the German 
town mother congregation in Philadel- 
phia as well as establish a museum for 
visitors to see exhibits of the early 
history of the Brethren. 

Finally, Annual Conference has 
called for leadership and spiritual 
renewal. Presently an Annual Confer- 
ence committee is examining the need 
for pastoral leadership in the church (see 
June, page 21). Much depends upon the 
new program that Bethany Seminary is 
developing as it plans to move to Rich- 
mond, Ind. (see June, page 6). 

In the midst of these Goals for the 
'90s is a call for spiritual renewal. 
Brethren are praying and working for 
renewal in the church. When we open 
our hearts anew to the love of God in 
Jesus Christ, when we are consumed by a 
commitment to follow the way of Christ, 
when repentance and daily prayer for 
renewal characterize our lives, our 
church will be renewed. 

The Goals for the '90s finally rest in 
God's hand. And renewal is happening. 
We Brethren are reaching out to our 
neighbors with the message of God's 
love. Youth are praying for renewal of 
the church. Our peace and service 
witness is being renewed. This can be a 
great time in the life of the church. 

Goals for the '90s is Annual 
Conference's effort to keep the church's 
program focused, not to be all things to 
all people. The goals rest upon the 
power of God among us. But God's 
power will be evidenced by whether 
we support these programs 
or not. 

Donald E. Miller is general secretary of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Church of the Brethren 

General Board 

1992 Annual Report 

We, the Church of the 

Brethren, seek 

to lead a life worthy 

of the calling 

to which we have 

been called (Eph. 4:1) 

L . . going into all the world 

to make disciples 

(Matt. 28:19) 

. . . teaching all that 
is commanded (Matt. 28:20) 

. . . maintaining 

tlw unity of the spirit 

in the bond 

of peace (Eph. 4:3) 

. . . letting the oppressed 

go free and 

breaking every yoke 

(Isa. 58:6) 

. . . calling one another 
according to the measure 
of Christ's gift (Eph. 4:7) 

or the equipping of the saints 
for the work of ministry, 
for building up the body 
of Christ (Eph. 4:12). 

— 1989 Annual Conference 



Phil Grout 


Facing into the 1990s, Church of the 
Brethren members from far and wide 
voiced their dreams for the new decade. 
You longed for your denomination to 
advance on several fronts, but foremost 
you wanted your church to bolster its 
spiritual foundation. 

And so at the core of Church of the 
Brethren goals for this decade is spiritual 
renewal. Rooting the church and our 
lives in the gospel of God's grace. 
Seeking within community the mind of 

Christ. Cultivating the life of prayer 
and an openness to the Spirit. 

Brethren Vision for the '90s is not 
a return to a vaunted past, but an 
awakening to God's leading toward 
what lies ahead. An adventure 
whereby we as Brethren "lead a life 
worthy of the calling to which we 
have been called" (Eph. 4:1). 

You asked your church to center 
in. It has begun. What more shall we 
do together? 


O F 



amily: 'Redeeming 
our relationships' 

In envisioning 
goals for this 
decade, you asked that a prem- 
ium be placed on family minis- 
tries. On ministries that help us 
confess our brokenness, that en- 
able us to understand diverse 
family structures, that advocate 
permanence of marriage, that re- 
spond to the needs of children, 
that address family violence and 
sexual abuse. You asked for 
help in "redeeming our rela- 
tionships as sisters and brothers 
in God's household." 

Partner connections 

In launching Family Mini- 
stries, Curtis and Anna Mary 
Dubble are establishing partner 
connections with congregations. 
They are identifying leaders 
who can nurture families. They 

are compiling resources and as- 
sisting in family camps, retreats, 
and workshops. As one-year 
volunteers they are building on 
work of the former Family 
Ministries Task Committee. 

Modeling Christlikeness 

"We come believing we are 
to encourage persons in congre- 
gations to model Christlike 
family life," the Dubbles re- 
flect. "We come believing that 
by the grace of God we are to 
model Christlike relationships 
between one another and in all 
we do within the church." 

Family issues are complex, 
the needs urgent. "Redeeming 
relationships" is a task for each 
and all in the household of God. 

For the '90s, a focus on family, youth 

Phil Grout 

Youth: The 


The '90s began with the largest 
National Youth Conference 
ever, a summit in the Colorado 
Rockies (see cover photo). The 
exuberance of the 3,600 partici- 
pants augurs well for Spirit- 
centeredness in the church. 

Youth involvement continues 
at a high level. This year seven 
workcamps were offered nation- 
ally. The 1992 Christian Citi- 
zenship Seminar focused on Na- 
tive American concerns and in- 
cluded eight Navajo partici- 
pants. Youth to Youth, a pro- 
gram in which trained youth 
visit peers in neighboring 
churches, will have reached 
seven districts by this fall. 

Other strides in Youth Minis- 
tries include the first national 
youth peace camp, a national 
youth speech contest, and the 
creation of a national junior 
high youth cabinet. 

Call to Renewal 

Most heartening of all is 
youth participation in the Call 
to Spiritual Renewal. The Na- 
tional Youth Cabinet has invited 
youth groups each Sunday even- 
ing to join in prayer and to 
emphasize Bible study, worship, 
and fasting. The youth theme, 
"Renew, Revive" from Psalm 
51, is a petition to God "to 
renew a right spirit within." 

19 9 2 





A widespread 
yearning among 
Brethren is to reach out and 
receive friends and strangers 
into the household of faith. 

To engage in evangelism not 
out of guilt or greed but out of 
gratitude. To leam of transfor- 
mation in the Bible but, even 
more, to experience transforma- 
tion through changed lives and 
changed congregations, out of 
which vibrant outreach flows. 

New resourcing 

To aid this change, new 
resources on evangelism are 
being created. The materials 
build on such recent initiatives 
as the Evangelism Leaders 
Academy and Passing On the 
Promise, but they venture into 
broader realms. 

An example is the Congrega- 
tional Growth/Evangelism Con- 
sultation that was piloted this 
spring in the Southern Ohio 
District. The approach utilizes 
nationally known consultants to 
"launch" congregations into 
new levels of growth. 

The Oakland experience 

Among participants in the 
Congregational Growth/Evan- 
gelism Consultation was Fred 
Bernhard, pastor of the Oak- 
land Church of the Brethren 
Brethren, Gettysburg, Ohio, 
where new church facili- 
ties will accommodate 
the 127-year-old con- 
gregation's spurt in 

Rebecca Maurer 

Oakland pastor Fred Bernhard, prospective 
members Dennis and Connie Riffell 

growth. With its average 
worship attendance over 
the past four years up 
from 163 to 304, Oakland 
is in the top one percent 
of American churches ex- 
periencing increased wor- 
ship attendance. In three 
years Oakland received 98 
new members. The church 
found the Congregational 
Growth/Evangelism Con- 
sultation to be both "af- 
firming and revealing." 

Oakland typifies a 
growing number of Breth- 
ren congregations pulsat- 
ing with new life, ob- 
serves evangelism con- 
sultant Paul Mundey. The 
challenge to each local 
church for the '90s, he 
states, is to multiply the 
number of hearts and lives 
"spilling over" with the 
reality of Jesus Christ. 


A Church of the Brethren megachurch? Yes, in Nigeria over 
5,000 Brethren gather as the Maiduguri congregation. By 
some reports the Ekklesiyar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria (the Church 
of the Brethren in Nigeria) is ministering to over 170,000 
persons on any given Sunday. Former missionary E. Paul 
Weaver cites the following reasons for such megagrowth: 

■ Members eagerly tell what God has done in their lives. 

■ Preaching points are constantly multiplying. 

■ Lively choirs sing of their faith with joy. 

■ Youth organizations reach out with enthusiasm. 

■ Members go visiting from home to home regularly. 

■ EYN is known as a caring, mutual aid society. 

EYN: Choirs sing of the faith with joy 

Irven Stem . 


; | j The Church oi 

•• W M ^ ^SM3j the Brethren 
has a special concern for the 
world's hungry. We identify 
strongly with the biblical cry of 
"letting the oppressed go free, 
breaking every yoke" (Is. 58:6). 

Assistance in Sudan 

Much of our concern today is 
directed to Sudan, where con- 
tinuing civil war and drought 
place the lives of an estimated 
seven million people at risk. 

Over past months the Church 
of the Brethren has sent 
$50,000 from the Emergency 
Disaster Fund to southern Sudan 
for food, seeds, farming tools, 
and hospital supplies. Nearly 
half these funds went to the 
New Sudan Council of 
Churches, the agency that serves 
the estranged southern region of 
the country. 

Another $20,000 grant from 
Brethren helped Nuers resettle 


Hunger in Sudan 

Phil Grout 

a special priority 

in their homeland in southern 
Sudan. After years in shanty 
towns near Khartoum, hundreds 
of thousands of southerners 

were driven at gunpoint by 
government forces into the 
desert, presumably to be left to 
die. In returning to their cattle 
and fields the Nuers aspire once 
again to become self-sufficient. 

Target of persecution 

The witness in Sudan requires 
attention to immediate relief 
needs but also to the causes un- 
derlying mass dislocation and 
hunger. Christians are es- 
pecially vulnerable, a prime 
target of persecution. 

The Church of the Brethren is 
committed to continuing a vital 
presence in Sudan. One means 
for enabling our response is the 
Global Food Crisis Fund, which 
Brethren Vision seeks to en- 
hance. Grants from the fund 
are channeled to partner groups 
working with the hungry and 
homeless both in this country 
and overseas, with Sudan 
designated a special priority. 

Churches send 2,000 tons of food to Russia 

Brethren responded vigorously 
to the ecumenical appeal for 
emergency food aid for Russia 
early this year. 

From the New Windsor Ser- 
vice Center, 68 containers, each 
40 feet long and holding 960 
boxes of foodstuffs, were 
packed and shipped to the Com- 
monwealth of Independent 
States. All told, the cargo 

totaled 2,000 tons valued at 

boxes — more than a full con- 

$3.9 million. 


The New Windsor shipments 

Toward long-term help, the 

were coordinated by the United 

Church of the Brethren has been 

Methodist Committee on Relief. 

invited by Church World Ser- 

Church of the Brethren volun- 

vice to administer a three- 

teers provided 288 days packing 

pronged program of consultan- 

the shipments; at least 84 Breth- 

cy, provision of seeds and 

ren churches prepared boxes of 

technology, and agricultural 

their own. The Atlantic North- 

training with the former Soviet 

east District provided 987 





AFIYA: The congregation engages 
IN whole-person health ministry 

Lafiya, a Hausa 
term meaning 
"I am well, I am whole," 
comes out of the Rural Health 
Program of the church in Ni- 
geria. In the US context, Lafiya 
seeks to enlist congregations in 
a whole-person ministry that ad- 
dresses physical, emotional, and 
spiritual dimensions alike. 

Lafiya is concerned with the 
well-being of the individual but 
also of the congregation. It is a 
fitness program, so to speak, for 
the whole faith community, 
modeling Jesus' approach of 
openness and compassion. 

Three essential steps 

To embrace Lafiya in the 
congregation, three steps are 

■ assisting the community to 
discern its own whole-person 
health needs, 

■ empowering the communi- 
ty to take charge of its whole- 
person health needs, and 

■ encouraging the community 
to find the resources to meet 
those needs. 

Initially 10 congregations 
have laid the foundation for de- 
veloping such a preventive and 
healing ministry. Their efforts 
are coordinated by the Associa- 
tion of Brethren Caregivers. 

Castaner expansion 

Also in concert with ABC, 
health ministries are to be 
expanded in Puerto Rico. In 
this 50th anniversary year of 

Brethren presence on the island, 
the latest effort is to build staff 
housing for Castaner Hospital. 

The housing is seen as crucial 
for this mountain community to 
attract qualified medical person- 
nel. The plan also looks to 
placing more Brethren volun- 
teers in service in Castaner, in 
medical fields and in general 
assistance roles. 

The Brethren witness in 
Puerto Rico remains strong. 

What began as a social and 
education ministry in World 
War II today includes a cluster 
of vital congregations and new 
church starts in both rural and 
urban areas. 

Enrichment and growth 

Together, on the continent 
and on the island, the Lafiya 
and Castaner programs seek 
new dimensions of health and 
spiritual growth, within the 
Brethren family and beyond. 

Wholeness and wellness: worshipers at Castaner 

Mary Lahman SolJenberger 

H U R C H 

O F 


B R E 



^^^^^^^ To receive the 
^^^■^^ gifts of spiritual 
life from sisters and brothers in 
churches around the world and 
to call and form candidates for 
pastoral leadership are actions 
called for by the Goals for the 
'90s mission statement. 

A decisive response to this 
call will begin in January 1993 
when the new Bethany Acade- 
my for Ministry Training is 

A cooperative venture of 
Bethany Theological Seminary 
and the General Board, the 
Academy will equip persons for 
ministry especially in the small 

Academy staff: Rick Gardner (seated), 
Wayne Eberly, Jean Hendricks 

Howard Royer 

congregation and through non- 

ethnic backgrounds to be 

degree programs. 

leaders in every aspect of 

New dimensions 

church life, so our leadership is 

New projects include a center 

inclusive according to the 

for ministry training in Puerto 

fullness of Christ." 

Rico; an extension school at 

The Bethany Academy is 

Elizabethtown College related to 

committed to calling and 

a satellite campus that Bethany 

training leadership out of that 

Seminary is planning in 


Pennsylvania; a study tour to 

Israel and Greece; and a nation- 

al consultation on leadership 

New guides 

Existing efforts such as 


Education for Shared Ministry 

(EFSM), Training in Ministry 
(TRIM), and the three-year 


reading course will be incor- 

Two creative guides to con- 


gregational worship and 

Staff for the Academy 

spirituality are making their 

Richard Gardner, new dean of 

appearance this year. 

f Bethany Seminary, will direct 

Hymnal: A Book of Worship 

the Academy. Key associates 

is the latest in a line of Brethren 

are Wayne Eberly, New Wind- 

hymnbooks that date back to 

I sor, Md., and Jean Hendricks, 

1720. Produced cooperatively 

Lawrence, Kan., field staff in 

with Mennonite churches, the 

ministry training programs. 

volume offers over 900 hymns 

Resources to be developed 

and worship selections. 

are a video on the task of the 

More than 65,000 prepubli- 

i district ministry commission, a 

cation copies were ordered by 

' video on Brethren faith and 

Brethren congregations. 

heritage with Bethany Seminary 

For All Who Minister is both 

professor Dale Brown, a re- 

a pastor's manual and a book of 

[ source in the Spanish language, 

worship for pastors and laity 

and a newsletter on ministry 

alike. Its classic and con- 


temporary prayers and orders of 

Inclusive calling 

service reflect the essential 

| The Goals for the '90s 

character and style of Church of 

mission statement lifts up the 

the Brethren worship. The re- 

j commissioning of "older adults, 

sources are coordinated with the 

, youth, women, and people of all 

new Hymnal. 

19 9 2 






I Jesus' mission 
^ — -^^- to "go, make 
disciples, baptize, teach" be- 
comes our mission, a 1989 
Annual Conference statement 
declares. The statement calls on 
Brethren "to plant the church 
and proclaim the full gospel . . . 
wherever we are able to go." 

Currently the focus for new 
Church of the Brethren mission 
is on these four points: 

Dominican Republic 

The seven congregations and 
nearly 100 members of the 
Church of the Brethren in the 
Dominican Republic convened 
their first constituent assembly 
in February 1992. Moderator 
Phyllis Carter and General Sec- 
retary Donald Miller partici- 
pated in the celebration. The 
group elected its own general 
board and named former Do- 
minican pastor Guillermo 
Encarnacion of Lancaster, Pa., 
as moderator. 

More recently, Estella 
Homing conducted the first 
Theological Education by Ex- 
tension course. The general 
board elected Fausto Carrasco 
as executive secretary. 


Leadership exchanges, train- 
ing events, service projects, and 
church plantings are com- 
ponents of the Korea program. 

Appointments are pending on 
two field staff to work on pro- 
gram developments in Korea. 


Kent Naylor 

Church of the Brethren baptism in the Dominican Republic 


In the midst of civil war and 
persecution, the Christian 
church in Sudan is growing. 

Working with the church are 
Roger and Carolyn Schrock, ex- 
ecutive secretary and communi- 
cations staff for the New Sudan 
Council of Churches, based in 
Torit. The Church of the Breth- 
ren hopes to place a second 
family in southern Sudan. 

For three months in 1992 
Brethren builders Jiggs and 
Violet Miller and Grant Ver- 
beck constructed church facili- 
ties damaged by war. 


Communidade Pacifista 
Crista, a fellowship in Brazil 
organized by Onaldo Pereira, is 

David Radcliff 
Korea: an emerging Bretliren witness 

seeking to identify with the 
Church of the Brethren. The 
group has been in contact with 
a number of stateside church 
leaders. In 1991 a Brethren 
disaster team helped the group 
rebuild following a flash flood. 

The group is working with 
new fellowships in three other 
areas of Brazil. 

C H U R C H 

O F 


B R E T H 

E N 

his is the ministry we do together: 
'Building up the Body of Christ' 

In decisions 
over the past 
five years, Annual Conference 
has given new shape to the 
church's ministry and mission. 

The process began with the 
adoption of Goals for the '90s, 
which identified broad priori- 
ties. In subsequent actions, the 
delegate body has called for 
special emphasis on evangelism, 
youth and young adults, Domin- 
ican Republic, Korea, leader- 
ship, urban ministry, and black 

Projected shortfall 

Against the dreams for a 
heightened Brethren witness 
stand five-year projections indi- 
cating that increased giving or 
reduced expenses will be re- 
quired to avert a serious short- 
fall in funding by 1995. 

To add new or enlarged pro- 
grams in some areas inevitably 
requires tightening in other 
areas. Toward this end the 
General Board has streamlined 
administration, established cost 
containment measures, and 
eliminated or combined aspects 
of existing programs. 

Appeal to individuals 

Further, to achieve new goals. 
Brethren Vision for the '90s 
was created to raise an addition- 
al $10 million by 1995, over 
and above regular giving and 
largely from individual donors. 
The gifts through Brethren Vi- 
sion are to provide $4,645,000 

Glenn Mitchell 

"For building up the body of Christ" 

for Goals for the '90s priorities, 
as well as help sustain ongoing 
program and increase denomina- 
tional endowment. 

Of the $10 million goal, $6.7 
million is sought in cash and 
pledges and $3.3 million in de- 
ferred gifts. Cash and pledges 
are nearing $2.5 million; de- 
ferred gifts, $6.0 milhon. 

Congregational response 

Because of the foremost role 
congregations carry in Brethren 

outreach, Annual Conference in 
1991 asked each local church to 
take action on four challenge 
steps by 

■ increasing support for 
Brethren outreach ministries 10 
percent a year through 1995, 

■ providing biblical steward- 
ship education, 

■ teaching tithing as a basic 
spiritual discipline, and 

■ naming a congregational 
advocate for Brethren outreach 

What can you do? 

You can encourage your 
congregation to enact the above 
four challenge steps on out- 
reach. You can give your per- 
sonal support to Brethren Vision 
for the '90s. 

And you can dedicate anew 
your energy, your vision, your 
prayers to "equipping the saints 
for the work of ministry, for 
building up the body of Christ" 
(Eph. 4:12). 


Funding for Goals for the '90s priorities (over 1990 levels) 

Expanded Ministry Area 

Evangelism and Witness (mission at home) 
Evangelism and Witness (new mission abroad) 
Youth and Family 
Health Ministries 
Global Hunger 
Brethren and Black Americans 
Total Expanded Ministry 

by 1995 


$4,645,000 ' 

This figure, along with amounts for on-going program, endowment, interpretation costs and deferred gifts, is part of 
the $10.0 million Brethren Vision goal. 

h church 


by Paul E. R. Mundey 

"The Church Alive" is an 
evangelism column thai appears 
three times a year. 

Cinnabon values 

Recently, my kids and I went 
to a shopping mall near our 
home. During our visit, we 
ate at Cinnabon — a fast-food 
restaurant featuring six-inch- 
wide cinnamon rolls. 

As we devoured our fatty 
breakfast, I noted the cup 
I was drinking from. On 
one side was the restaurant 
logo; on the reverse side was 
a list of Cinnabon values: 
"We act 'Guest First'; we 
are clean and attractive; we 
are fast; we always 
deliver high quality; 
we enjoy working 

This listing got 
me to thinking 
about the impor- 
tance of values in any 
social group. Vital, alive, 
effective organizational life 
is not just a matter of 
technique, charisma, or 
skill; rather, it also is a 
matter of assumptions and 
beliefs. Cherished beliefs — 
values — drive effective 
organizations, including 
effective congregations. 

What are the values of 
your church? What beliefs 
and assumptions "fuel" who 
you are? 

Growing congregations 
include "Cinnabon values" 
(they act "guest first"; they 
are clean and attractive; they 
always deliver high quality) 
as a complement to more 
theological values (they 
honor Christ; they uplift the 
work of the Spirit; they look 
to the Scriptures). 

Such congregations realize 

that along with undergirding 
our work, we also need to 
propel it into the future. 
Balanced value systems help 
that to happen. 

Agape loaf visit 

Numerous Church of the 
Brethren congregations now 
follow up first-time visitors 
in a tasty fashion. Within 48 
hours, these newcomers are 
briefly visited and given a 
loaf of homemade bread. 


The Agape 

congregation in Fort Wayne, 
Ind., reports that out of 28 
"loaf visits" in the past year, 
14 visitors returned to 
Sunday worship and began to 
attend regularly. 

Two resources are avail- 
able to help with this form of 
agape ministry: 

• A planning guide (from 
Passing On the Promise) 
outlining a Friendship Sun- 
day, in which the idea of an 
agape loaf visit is introduced 
to the congregation. 

• A video training guide, 
"Reach Out Calling," which 
trains persons to make brief 
visits to first-time visitors. 

Both of these resources 
can be obtained by calling 
the Parish Ministries 

Evangelism Office. (800) 
323-8039, ext. 280. 

Baby busters 

Much has been written 
about the thirty-something 
generation (baby boomers) — 
but what about the twenty- 
something generation (baby- 
busters)? As William Dunn 
has pointed out, the so-called 
baby bust "began in 1965 
and ended when births began 
to rise in 1976. Today the 
busters are solidly within 
the ranks of teenagers and 
young adults." 
This generation, like 
all generations, has 
particular traits. 
Writing in USA 
Today, Kim 
Painter has 
pointed out a 
• They are more likely 
to live with their parents, at 
least through their early 20s. 

• They marry later. 

• They have greater finan- 
cial incentives to earn college 
degrees, even if it means 
spending half a decade in 
and out of classes. 

The buzzword associated 
with the generation is 
"boomeranging," that is 
starting and stopping activity 
in every part of life. As 
Martha Fransworth Riche 
has observed, this tendency 
results from people having 
"more choices to make, not 
because they're \aa 


Paul E. R. Mundey is the General 
Board's staff for evangelism. 

July 1992 Messenger 17 

God and I would 
look for seashells 

interviews by Karla B overs • photography by Randy Miller 

Jesus said, 'Unless you change and 
become like children, you will never 
enter the kingdom of heaven' (Matt. 
18:2—3 So we need to pay more 
attention to what children say. At last 
year's Annual Conference. Karla 
Boyers asked some children about their 
ideas of God. The answers provide 
food for thought. 

Anna Gross 

North Manchester. Ind. 

What do you ask God when 
you pray? 

"When my great-grandpa 
was sick I asked God to let 
him die. because he was in a 
lot of pain and wanted to die. 
He did die. I felt kind of 
good, but kind of sad too. 
because he died while we 
were at Conference, and we 
couldn"t go back for the 

Brenton Mitchell 
State College, Pa. 

What is God like? 

"God is like a watch, because 
he keeps all the cycles going 
around and around and 

Corinne Lipscomb 
Springfield, III. 

What does God know? 
"Maybe God knows math.' 

18 Messenger Julv 1992 

Jennifer McPherson 
Nampa, Idaho 

What do you like about God? 

"God never lies about 

Where would God go on 

"He would go to the ocean 
with me. God and I would 
look for seashells. I think 
about when he created 
things: I would leave the 
things he created." 

What would God look like if 
you painted a picture? 

"He would be holding my 

Jesse Reid 
Austin, Texas 

What do you like most about 

"He*s a kind of nice guy. and 
he makes miracles happen." 

How do you know that God 
answers your prayers? 

"If something good happens 
after you pray, then you 
know that God has just 
answered vou." 

^ / 

Natalie Neher 
Wenatchee. Wash. 

Where would God go on 

"California, maybe. He 
might want to have a nice 
hot breeze." 

Jesse Kline-Smeltzer 
Modesto, Calif. 

What does God do for fun? 

"I play with God. We talk." 

What do you say when you 
talk to God? 

"I tell God I like him." 

Elgin, III. 

What do you like about God? 

"I like God because he made 
me be alive, and he made my 
mom and my dad and my 

Julv 1*>; Messenger 19 

Jennifer Sanders 
Oakland, Md. 

What does God do? 

"He gives you love, family, 
friendship, the earth, your 

Jill Kline 
Fort Wayne, Ind. 

What is heaven like? 

"Heaven is a bunch of clouds 
and sky." 

Who is in heaven? 

"Angels and people who 
have died. They have robes 
and wings. They fly around 
and talk to each other about 
what they used to do." 

Where does God go on 
vacation ? 

"Probably to the other side of 

Timmy Eikenberry 
Tacoma, Wash. 

What kind of miracles does 
God do? 

"Sometimes he gives you 
power to heal people. God 
gave Peter and John power to 
heal this blind man." 

When do you think of God? 

"When I do bad things and 
when I'm at church." 


Yuba City, Calif. 

What is God like? 

"He sits around in his chair 
on his free time, watching us. 
He sees us through some- 
thing like a TV screen." 

Christine Wilkinson 
Seattle, Wash. 

What is God like? 

"God is a pony." 

What does God do? 

"He likes to neigh a lot. He 
eats grass. On rainy days, he 
stands in the barn and eats 

Karla Boyers served as an 
editorial assistant with Messenger, 
1990-1991. She is a member of 
Arlington (Va.) Church of the 

Randy Miller is senior journalist 
for World Vision International , 
Monrovia, Calif. A member of 
La Verne (Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren, he served as an editorial 
assistant with Messenger, 1974- 

20 Messenger lulv lQQ? 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 


Humor is a topic near and 
dear to my heart, since God 
is all too often viewed as the 
Sky." Humor has value, not 
just as entertainment, but as 

Humor provides a common 
denominator even within a 
wilderness of differences. 
Some of my favorite people 
are self-proclaimed "male 
chauvinists." If we would 
take inventory of the issues 
about which we agree, the 
pickings would be slim 
indeed. But we find a lot to 
joke about (usually each 
other) and our laughter 
creates a bond that neutral- 
izes the tension. 

Humor builds bridges over 
barriers. I know a young man 
who is athletically ungifted 
and academically unmoti- 
vated. In most schools, his 
opportunities for recognition 
are limited. However, Dan 
has a marvelous wit. 

One day while he was 
talking to friends who were 
all "Star Trek" fans, a teach- 
er entered the conversation 
and began to heckle them a 
bit: "Where do those guys go 
to the bathroom out in space, 
anyway?" Dan didn't miss a 
beat: "Why, Mr. Johnson, 
they go where no man has 
ever gone before." 

This kid's ability to em- 
ploy humor provides for him 
a bridge over the invisible 
barrier in teen culture that 
says only the rich, the 
beautiful, the jocks, and the 
brilliant are worthwhile. 

Another benefit of humor 

is its power to precipitate 
an emotional breakthrough. 
Whenever I feel resistance 
from an individual or group. 
I know that if I can get 
them to laugh we'll make 

Once we establish an 
emotional connection with 
another, it positions us to 
influence and teach. Ask 
adults sometime about their 
favorite teacher from high 
school. They likely will say 
that the teacher "was a lot of 
fun." No matter how valid 
the information, it will not 
"stick" without an accompa- 
nying emotional dimension. 

Laughter puts problems in 
perspective ... or makes 
molehills out of mountains. I 
use this principle as an infor- 
mal way to gauge progress 
in marriage counseling. I 
know that if a couple can 
still laugh together (or learn 
to laugh together again) the 
possibility of healing for 
the relationship increases 

A constructive outlet for 
anger is another benefit of 
humor. I had a professor in 
graduate school who had 
managed to elicit resentment 
and hostility from every 
student in the class. After a 
particularly arrogant action 
on his part, a group of us 
iconoclasts gathered to venti- 
late our frustration. By the 
end of the evening we had 
created an elaborate revenge 
fantasy and were so spent 
from laughing that we were 
like balloons that had had 
the air let out. 

Humor also provides an 
excellent context in which to 
experiment with new be- 
haviors and explore new 
roles. This is especially so 
with young people in the 
midst of identity struggles. 
Through joking, they can go 
a little farther with their 
rebellion, move a little closer 
to the edge, than what would 
be acceptable otherwise. In 
this respect, humor becomes 
a low-risk way to test limits. 

When we employ humor as 
communication it is impera- 
tive to make ourselves the 
object of our jokes. This 
actually amounts to a form of 
self-disclosure. And since 
self-disclosure tends to gen- 
erate a reciprocal response, 
this is one way by which 
humor helps build intimacy. 

Although ethnic slurs and 
cross-generational slams are 
often peddled as humor, I 
point out that such words are 
more likely to abort under- 
standing than to enhance it. 

Sarcasm is also a poor 
substitute for humor because 
it gives a dual message that 
leaves the recipient feeling at 
best, confused, and at worst, 

The Preacher of Eccle- 
siastes tells us "there is a 
time to weep and a time to 
laugh." And I think the time 
is now for Christians to start 
taking "fun" more 


Robin Wentworth App is a 
therapist from Nappanee. Ind. She 
currently is sening on an interim 
pastoral team in the Nappanee 
Church of the Brethren. 

July 1992 Messenger 21 

Flags don't belon 

The Star-Spangled Banner: 
Oh! long may it wave . . . 
in its proper place, which isn't 
a Brethren meetinghouse 

by Dale W. Brown 

An honor guard of small Scouts pro- 
cessed with the Star-Spangled Banner. 
As they clicked their heels and turned 
square corners, parents stood proudly 
and reverently. But the man by my side 
muttered, "Shades of fascism . . . Heil 
Hitler . . . Nazis." 

I had invited Hans Wemer Bartsch, a 
New Testament scholar from Germany 
teaching at Bethany Seminary, to attend 
a meeting of the Parents Teachers 
Association. We each had a son in 
elementary grades. After the meeting, 
my German friend seemed puzzled that I 
was not as outraged as he. In discussing 
the widespread use of flags in the United 
States, I disclosed that they could even be 
found in some Church of the Brethren 
meetinghouses. He was emphatic: "No 
flag of any nation belongs in the church 
of Jesus Christ!" 

22 Messpnopr Inlv 1 QQ9 

Of one blood 

I agree with Hans Werner Bartsch that 
where we place flags is not merely a 
political issue. It involves whose we are 
and how we worship. Christians belong 
to a community that transcends national 
boundaries and loyalties. It was in 
church that I was taught that from one, 
God has made all peoples (Acts 16:26). 
Like Abraham, we receive blessings so 
that all nations will be blessed (Genesis 
12). In Christ we gather to celebrate our 
one fellowship of love throughout the 
whole wide earth. Our international 
students at Bethany Seminary have 
stressed that it is rare to find national 
flags in places of worship other than in 
the United States, not even in the state 
churches of Europe. 

This consciousness of the universal 
nature of the body of Christ is inherent 
in the stance of separation. Early 

Brethren rejected territorialism. They 
insisted that membership in the church 
should not be conjoined with or coerced 
by the state. For this reason, they rejecte 
infant baptism, the keystone of territorii 
religion. Instead they believed in 
voluntaryism, a conviction that supports 
believers baptism. When Count 
Zinzendorf, the Moravian leader, arrive 
in the American colonies, he pleaded 
with the sects of Pennsylvania to unite. I 
Brethren feared the rise of a new state 
church. Brother Harold Martin reports 
that conservative plural free-ministry 
chuiches today do not display the Unites 
States flag or the "Christian" flag in 
their meeting places because of strong 
views regarding separation of church 
and state. 

With many Americans, we Brethren 
treasure our Bill of Rights. The state 
cannot favor any one religion nor the 
church demand revenues from the state. 
Because of first-amendment protection 
of religious freedom, the Supreme Court 
in 1943 overruled a law that required 
the pledge of allegiance to the flag in 
public schools. They were responding 
to a case in which children had been 
brutally beaten for adhering to the 
teachings of their Jehovah's Witnesses 
parents. This was the milieu that led 
Governor Michael Dukakis of Massachu 
setts later to veto a similar law, an actioi 
which became an issue during the 1988 
presidential election. 

The principle of separation means 
there are Brethren who fly flags at 
home and yet oppose their presence in 
the house of worship. They prefer that 
the Stars and Stripes fly over court- 
houses, post offices, public schools, and 
the capitol. 

No other gods 

When asked how I feel about the pledge 
of allegiance, I have answered ambiva- 
lently. I can honor the part of the pledge 
that declares our nation is under God, 
which was added by President Dwight D 
Eisenhower. Likewise, I feel good that 
we Americans are a people who promise 

i churches 

>erty and justice for all. 
At other times, however, the degree of 
yerence emits an aura of idolatry. Then 
th sadness, it is difficult for me to be a 
rt of what I feel. For I leam that the 
rliest flags were totem poles and 
•nily symbols that boasted descent from 
e gods. Congress has made it more 
fficult for our Brethren tradition to 
cept sanctuary flags by passing a law 
quiring that the Stars and Stripes be 
ven the place of honor when displayed 
church. Biblical commandments 
rbid us from making idols or having 
ly other gods (Exodus 20:4-6). The 
ace church tradition has insisted that 
gher allegiance be given to Christ than 
even national self-interests. 
One version of civil religion regards 
\e nation as being under God. The love 
f country is similar to the love we have 
br our children: If we love them, we 
3 not approve of everything they do. 
uch was the civil religion of Abraham 
incoln, who, as a young member of 
'ongress, opposed the war of aggression 
f his government against Mexico. 
Another common version of civil 
sligion wraps the Bible and the cross in 
n American flag. The failure to differ- 
utiate results in a worship of the state, 
hose who espouse "my country right or 
'rong," seem to be the ones who wave 
le greater number of flags. Brethren 
/ho have been taught an allegiance to 
Christ's kingship over Caesar's cannot 
nbibe this brand of civil religion. Some 
Shenandoah Valley Brethren symbolized 
pis by picturing the flag with their motto 
Peace is Patriotic." 

Things that make for peace 

brethren believe that Jesus wants us to 
>e about the things that make for peace. 
; lags have been objectionable because 
hey are so often associated with the 
hings that are associated with war. 
Primitive flags often were tribal symbols 
vith figures such as birds, serpents, and 
inimals. Lions and eagles were used 
because of their power to kill. Flags often 
ierved as a symbol of patriotic devotion 

that inspired the fighting spirit of a group 
of warriors. Soldiers carried flags into 
battles so generals, who remained safely 
in the rear, could tell the progress of the 

Francis Scott Key wrote the "Star 
Spangled Banner" while watching bombs 
burst over Fort McHenry in Maryland. 
Few Americans who sing the national 
anthem are aware that this War of 1812 
was folly. The war began with an in- 
vasion of Canada over charges against 
Britain that no longer were true. The 
bombs exploding over Baltimore harbor 
constituted a British response. The war 
was opposed by New Englanders, who 
supposedly were being protected. It was 
inspired by "War Hawks" in the South 
who wanted to seize Florida from Spain 
and by "War Hawks" in the West who 
wanted to seize huge land masses from 
the British-supported Indians. It is a 
shame that the flag too often has been 
used, then and now, to support a patrio- 
tism that destroys the very peace and 
justice concerns professed in the pledge. 

Worship the Lord God 
and serve only him 

Christians meet to place their trust in 
God. The flag too often points to our 
ultimate trust in the nation. The apostle 
Paul teaches that true freedom comes 
from obedience to God. The flag symbo- 
lizes for most people that our freedoms 
have been gained by the blood of 
soldiers. The atmosphere around the 
flag often suggests we are secure because 
of military might. Christians believe 
that security lies in being faithful to the 
way of Jesus. Our Lord disarmed the 
"rulers and authorities and made a public 
example of them" (Col. 2:15) by refusing 
to bow before their self-glorification. 
Biblical interpreters suggest that rulers 
in high places thereby are disarmed of 
their ability to convince us that they are 
our primary security. 

Though we fail to live it, and define it 
in different ways, Brethren still espouse 
simplicity in life and worship. A quote 
from the 1946 Church of the Brethren 

Minister's Manual applies this concern. 
"Flags, pennants, charts, record boards, 
clocks, and all such paraphernalia belong 
somewhere else than at or near the center 
of worship. ... Do not smother his 
divine presence with stuff." One can 
agree with this advice . . . and wish for a 
better word than "stuff (because of 
biblical admonitions to maintain respect 
for our leaders and nation). 

Along with my holding a concern for 
simplicity, my aesthetic sense judges 
that placing flags on stands indoors may 
be disrespectful: Flags are made to not 
gather dust in buildings, but to ripple in 
the breeze. 

Maintain the unity of the Spirit 
in a bond of peace (Eph. 4:3) 

Where and whether we should display 
flags will remain a controversial issue 
among Brethren. So much so that our 
1990 Annual Conference dealt with the 
issue by refusing to deal with it. More 
fairly, it should be said that the delegates 
voted to let each congregation decide. It 
is true that the symbolism of the flag can 
reveal our love for the best ideals of our 
nation without implying many of the 
above negative meanings. 

When I was pastor, my congregation 
struggled with this flag issue. Many 
members did not want to offend a won- 
derful family that had offered to give a 
flag to the congregation as a memorial to 
one we loved. Other members sincerely 
stated that they would be offended if a 
flag were brought into our sanctuary. 
Fortunately, the lines were not drawn 
deep enough to reject our compromise 
that the memorial money be used for 
something we all could cherish. 

A recent issue of the Mennonite 
Conciliation Quarterly newsletter 
contains stories about conflict resolution 
in congregations. One congregation 
faced the flag issue. It had help from a 
training program designed to reconcile 
victims and offenders in cases referred to 
it by the criminal justice system. Next, it 
studied "When You Disagree." an audio- 
tape series dealing with decision making 

July 1992 Messenger 23 

in the church. It held a meeting to talk 
about differences among its members. 
Eight persons were chosen from each 
side to express their opinions. 

At the end of the first meeting, one 
person from each side was asked to 
summarize the views of the other side. In 
the second session, they made a list of 
the things they could agree on from the 
convictions of both sides. This was 
followed by attempts of small groups to 
propose things they could do to embody 
both affirmed agreements about Chris- 
tian patriotism as well as the dangers of 
an idolatry of the state. They reported 
that they found solutions. At the same 
time, they emphasized that it was not an 
easy or short process. 

In our desire to maintain the "unity of 
the Spirit in the bond of peace," it is 
important to emphasize that the issue of 
flags in assemblies for worship need not 
be a question of patriotism. Rather, it is a 
question of how and where we symbolize 
a proper love of our country in the con- 
text of our faith priorities. 

In our desire to "maintain the unity of 
the spirit in the bond of peace" John 
Kline's remarks about Christian patrio- 
tism may serve us well: "My highest 
conception of patriotism is found in the 
man who loves the Lord his God with all 
his heart and his neighbor as himself. 
Out of these affections spring the subor- 
dinate love for one's country; love truly 
virtuous ... in its most comprehensive 
sense takes in the whole human family. 
Were this love universal, the word 
patriotism, in its specific sense, meaning 
such a love for one's country as makes 
its possessors ready and willing to take 
up arms in its defense, might appropri- 
ately by expunged from every national 

(John Kline was a Brethren leader in 
Virginia who in the Civil War traveled 
between North and South to maintain 
unity among the Brethren. He was 
martyred as a suspected traitor 
to the South.) 

Dale W. Brown is professor of Christian 
Theology at Bethany Theological Seminary, in Oak 
Brook, III. 

24 Messenger July 1992 


Jesus is Lord 

by Chalmer Faw 

With this claim the early Christians 
entered the kingdom. By it they lived. 
And, in a day when Caesar was Lord, by 
it they often died. 

But for us it is a well-worn cliche. We 
are dulled to its meaning. What is it 
shouting to the world? 

Jesus is in Control. Contrary to all 
appearances, this is true. He is the center 
of all existence. "For in him all things in 
heaven and on earth were created. ... He 
himself is before all things, and in him 
all things hold together" (Col. 1:16-17). 

The four fishermen dropped their 
nets and followed Jesus before they 
fully knew who he was. Then, after his 
death and resurrection, when he revealed 

himself as Lord, they and thousands 
like them gave him their lives throu£ 
all eternity. 

When young Saul of Tarsus, proud 
persecutor of Christians, was met by 
Jesus outside Damascus, there was fi 
struggle ("Who are you, Lord?"), th< 
submission ("he could see nothing, I 
they led him by the hand") and final) 
healing, a Spirit-infilling and a conw 
stoning under a new Commander. 

In the early 1980s, Bob ran a thriv 
real estate enterprise in the suburbs v 
of Chicago. Business was good, but 1 
home was falling apart. First there w 
the drinking. Then, though he had a 
lovely wife and two small children, t 
were the other women; it all "went w 
the territory," you know. Despite the 

od United Methodist upbringing, their 
nily no longer belonged to Christ, 
asperity had tripped them up. 
Finally some of Bob's friends who 
d not lost the original Wesleyan 
sssage of salvation brought him to the 
ird. Sue came along with him gladly, 
jving seen what "the world" had done to 
r husband. The rededication of their 
es was accompanied by an infilling of 
Holy Spirit and urge to praise the 
>rd in everything. 

Then one day Bob was led to show up 
Bethany Theological Seminary and 
ek admission to study there. When 
admissions office looked over his 
etchy educational background and 
•nsidered how long he had been out of 
hool, it hesitated. But it was finally 
tided that Bob would enter as a special 

He was such a dynamic Christian 
itness that everyone on campus learned 
know him and his hearty "Praise the 
3rd!" It was easy to see who was in 
mtrol of his life. He later graduated 
id became a much-loved Methodist 
inister in the area. His witness was 
ade. Jesus is Lord! 

Jesus is Adored. In Matthew 28: 16- 
3, a favorite among Brethren for the 
reat Commission and our baptismal 
>rmula, the very first thing the disciples 
id was to fall down and worship the 
sen Lord. And why not? 
As Lord of the universe, Jesus is to be 
ived, adored, and worshiped. He is not 
harsh sovereign, but a friend (John 
5:15) to be trusted, one who doesn't 
ird it over others, but stoops to serve 
dark 10:45; John 13:1-5). 
This is why Mary Magdalene was 
verjoyed to have met the Master after 
: rose from the dead. She announced 
ith great ecstacy to the other disciples, 
' have seen the Lord" (John 20:18). It 
as with similar adoration that John 
louted, "It is the Lordl" when he 
•cognized Jesus on the beach. And it 
as with adoration that Peter sprang 
illy clothed into the lake to be with 
'.sus (John 21:7). 
As Brethren, we have expressed our 

worshipful adoration of Jesus in an old 
love feast favorite, "My Jesus, I love 
thee, I know thou art mine, for thee all 
the follies of sin I resign" and on to a 
chorus that ends with "If ever I loved 
thee, my Jesus, 'tis now!" Yes, when we 
are really "into it," we sedate Dunkers 
can express our adoration deeply and 
then go out and express it in serving our 
fellow human beings. 

In our Sunday services we sing great 
hymns of adoration and listen to the 
choir praise the Lord: And praise is often 
mentioned in our public prayers. Yet, as 
a rule, unlike the Brethren of centuries 
past, we are not known for our fervor, 
either publicly or in private. It's like a 
congregation I've heard of that sings 
"Stand up. Stand up for Jesus" sitting 
down, and drags the tune at that! 


t is not just liveliness in singing that we 
need, but a maximum involvement by 
each worshiper in unreserved fashion. 
There should be freedom to praise the 
Lord with upraised hands, "Aniens," and 
"Hallelujahs" as long as these expres- 
sions are genuine . . . and freedom to do 
so without embarrassment. And there 
should be the freedom not to use those 
expressions if the Spirit does not so lead. 

A good text for the individual is "I will 
bless the Lord at all times; his praise shall 
continually be in my mouth" (Psa. 34:1). 
And a model for the congregation might 
well be the continuous worship of God by 
the 24 elders of Rev. 4:8-1 1 and the 
joyous shouts of the myriads of angels, 
accompanied by the voices of every 
creature in the universe singing praises to 
Jesus, the Lamb upon the throne (Rev. 

Praise is the language of heaven. Let 
the Brethren begin to learn it now. 

Jesus is Obeyed. It is not enough, 
however, that the Lord Jesus be wor- 
shiped and adored. He is to be followed 
and obeyed. Some individuals and whole 
denominations specialize on the praise 
and are weak or selective on the obedi- 
ence. They are just as one-sided as those 
who have never learned the joy of 

wholehearted praise. 

Conditioned as they were in obedience 
to the Torah, the first generation of 
Christians knew what it meant to follow 
the commands of the Lord without 
question. And they taught the need to 
obey Jesus even while they preached 
salvation by grace through faith and 
the freedom of the Spirit-filled con- 
science. The church would not have 
survived had they not been willing to 
obey him unto death. 

So also the Anabaptists and Brethren, 
in their attempt to recover New Testa- 
ment Christianity for each generation, 
have, at their best, been strong on 
obedience. Right from the start, they 
took seriously the command of Jesus to 
forsake all and follow him. This meant a 
strong biblical faith, taking everything in 
the Word of God at face value, with 
Jesus at the center and the New Testa- 
ment as the ultimate written authority. 

The command was to make a radical 
break with the world — a life of peace, 
rugged honesty, strong family life, 
concern for the poor and needy, and a 
willingness to suffer for their convic- 
tions. The supreme command is to love 
God and one's fellow human beings. 
And, along with the Friends and their 
fellow-Anabaptists, the Mennonites, the 
Brethren have a good record of caring 
ministries to people in many places and 
of diverse backgrounds. 

Less impressive, however, has been 
the Brethren record of obedience to the 
commands to make disciples. The 
Methodists, Baptists, and various groups 
of Pentecostals have done and are still 
doing this far better. Perhaps we would 
prove to ourselves and to others that 
Jesus is our Lord if, for an intensive 
period of time, we Brethren would, in 
addition to our three dips at baptism and 
our washing of feet at love feast, immerse 
ourselves in the Book of Acts, in the 
Power that made it possible and the 
wonderful works that God 

achieved in it. 


Chalmer Faw is a retired Bethany Theological 
Seminary professor and Nigeria missionary, living 
in McPherson. Kan. 

The value of youth news 

I appreciate Messenger including news 
about youth. As an active youth in 
Memorial Church of the Brethren, 
Martinsburg, Pa., I believe this is very 

When youth see news about other 
youth (or themselves) in Messenger, 
they are encouraged to become more 
involved in church activities. Seeing 
youth news also encourages adults to 
support their youth spiritually and 

lnga Mountain 
Martinsburg, Pa. 

Everybody loves a Dunker? 

Don Miller, in the April installment of 
"Forward . . . Seeking the Mind of 
Christ," starts out with the headline 

The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the mag